Results for 'Louise Rebecca Chapman'

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  1.  4
    “Music to the Ears of Weaklings”: Moral Hydraulics and the Unseating of Desire.Louise Rebecca Chapman & Constantine Sandis - 2018 - Manuscrito 41 (4):71-112.
    Psychological eudaimonism is the view that we are constituted by a desire to avoid the harmful. This entails that coming to see a prospective or actual object of pursuit as harmful to us will unseat our positive evaluative belief about that object. There is more than one way that such an 'unseating' of desire may be caused on an intellectualist picture. This paper arbitrates between two readings of Socrates' 'attack on laziness' in the Meno, with the aim of constructing a (...)
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  2.  28
    “Music to the Ears of Weaklings”: Moral Hydraulics and the Unseating of Desire.Louise R. Chapman & Constantine Sandis - forthcoming - Manuscrito: Revista Internacional de Filosofía.
    Psychological eudaimonism (PE) is the view that we are constituted by a desire to avoid the harmful. This entails that coming to see a prospective or actual object of pursuit as harmful to us will unseat our positive evaluative belief about (and coinstantiated desire for) that object (§I). There is more than one way that such an 'unseating' of desire may be caused on an intellectualist picture (§II). This paper arbitrates between two readings of Socrates' 'attack on laziness' in the (...)
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  3.  5
    The Calf's Prayer.Rebecca Chapman - 1987 - Between the Species 3 (2):8.
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  4.  34
    Retrospectivity and the Rule of Law / C. Sampford ; with the Assistance of J. Louise, S. Blencowe, and T. Round.C. Sampford, J. Louise, S. Blencowe & T. Round - unknown
    Retrospective rule-making has few supporters and many opponents. Defenders of retrospective laws generally do so on the basis that they are a necessary evil in specific or limited circumstances, for example to close tax loopholes, to deal with terrorists or to prosecute fallen tyrants. Yet the reality of retrospective rule making is far more widespread than this, and ranges from ’corrective’ legislation to ’interpretive regulations’ to judicial decision making. The search for a rational justification for retrospective rule-making necessitates a reconsideration (...)
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  5.  9
    Chapman, William John. Die Teleologie Kants. Dissertation Halle 1904.W. J. Chapman - 1905 - Kant-Studien 10 (1-3).
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  6. The Classical Writings Of John Jay Chapman: Greek as a Pleasure Chapman: A Sampling of Letters and Obiter Dicta Plato Euripides and the Greek Genius.John Chapman - unknown - Arion 2 (2/3).
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  7. The Theory of Morals by Paul Janet; Tr. From the Latest French Edition by Mary Chapman.Paul Janet & Mary Chapman - 1884 - T. & T. Clark.
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  8. Paul Grice, Philosopher and Linguist.Siobhan Chapman - 2005 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Paul Grice (1913-1988) is best known for his psychological account of meaning, and for his theory of conversational implicature. This is the first book to consider Grice's work as a whole. Drawing on the range of his published writing, and also on unpublished manuscripts, lectures and notes, Siobhan Chapman discusses the development of his ideas and relates his work to the major events of his intellectual and professional life.
     
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  9.  84
    Laypeople Do Use Sample Variance: The Effect of Embedding Data in a Variance-Implying Story.Marta T. Suárez, Gretchen B. Chapman & Natalie A. Obrecht - 2010 - Thinking and Reasoning 16 (1):26-44.
    When using sample data to decide whether two populations differ, laypeople attend to the difference between group means, but largely overlook within-group variability (Obrecht, Chapman, & Gelman, 2007). We show, first, that laypeople know about and use story-implied variability when making pairwise comparisons. Then we demonstrate that participants' sensitivity to variance in a dataset is boosted when presented in a context that implies consistent variance information. Statistical data were couched in stories about electrical conductivity measurements obtained from element samples (...)
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  10.  17
    Exploring the Ethical Underpinnings of Self-Advocacy Support for Intellectually Disabled Adults.Rohhss Chapman & Liz Tilley - 2013 - Ethics and Social Welfare 7 (3):257-271.
    Self-advocacy organisations support people in a wide range of political activities, alongside providing key social networks. The emergence of formalised self-advocacy for intellectually disabled people marked an important cultural shift. These groups soon became associated with the pursuit of social change and the attainment of rights. The role of the self-advocacy support worker, working together with self-advocates, has been pivotal. However, studies have shown there has been concern over the relationship between self-advocates and those who advise or support them. Both (...)
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  11.  23
    Brute Rationality.J. Louise - unknown
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  12. Meatphysics.Jake Chapman - 2003 - Creation Books.
    A progressive and uncompromising work that merges fiction and theory to create an intense yet gloriously deviant look at the world through the eyes of controversial Brit-artist, Jake Chapman (of the Chapman Brothers). With protagonists who -- like his mutated Nike-wearing child mannequins -- exhibit similar aberrations, Chapman engages with Freudian theory, genetic engineering and consumerism, to create a highly original and intellectually stimulating work that is as challenging and confrontational as any of his acclaimed works of (...)
     
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  13.  85
    Philosophy for Linguists: An Introduction.Siobhan Chapman - 2000 - Routledge.
    Philosophy for Linguists provides students with a clear, concise introduction to the main topics in the philosophy of language. Focusing on what linguists need to know and how philosophy relates to modern linguistics, the book is structured around key branches of linguistics: semantics, pragmatics, and language acquisition. Assuming no prior knowledge of philosophy, Siobhan Chapman traces the history and development of ideas in the philosophy of language and outlines the contributions of specific philosophers. The book is highly accessible and (...)
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  14. The Sociology of Schools.Karen Chapman - 1986 - Routledge.
    The sociology of education is concerned not just with the abstract theory but with the day-to-day experiences of pupils and teachers. In this up-to-date account of the main developments in the subject, Karen Chapman shows how education offers a rich and varied field for sociologists, one easily accessible for study. She begins by setting the subject in its historical post-War context. She then goes on to outline comprehensively the subject's theoretical base and anlayses the factors that influence educational change. (...)
     
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  15.  50
    Chapman's Ovids Banquet of Sence: Its Sources and Theme.Louise Vinge - 1975 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 38:234-257.
  16.  4
    Believe It or Not. Human Sperm Competition: Copulation, Masturbation and Infidelity (1995). R. Robin Baker and Mark A. Bellis. Chapman and Hall. Pp. Xvi+353. Price £45. ISBN 0‐412‐36920‐6. [REVIEW]Louise Barrett - 1996 - Bioessays 18 (4):338-339.
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  17. Relativity of Value and the Consequentialist Umbrella.Jennie Louise - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (217):518–536.
    Does the real difference between non-consequentialist and consequentialist theories lie in their approach to value? Non-consequentialist theories are thought either to allow a different kind of value (namely, agent-relative value) or to advocate a different response to value ('honouring' rather than 'promoting'). One objection to this idea implies that all normative theories are describable as consequentialist. But then the distinction between honouring and promoting collapses into the distinction between relative and neutral value. A proper description of non-consequentialist theories can only (...)
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  18.  44
    Rational Aggregation.Bruce Chapman - 2002 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 1 (3):337-354.
    In two recent papers, Christian List and Philip Pettit have argued that there is a problem in the aggregation of reasoned judgements that is akin to the aggregation of the preference problem in social choice theory. 1 Indeed, List and Pettit prove a new general impossibility theorem for the aggregation of judgements, and provide a propositional interpretation of the social choice problem that suggests it is a special case of their impossibility result. 2 Specifically, they show that no judgement aggregation (...)
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  19. I Won’T Do It! Self-Prediction, Moral Obligation and Moral Deliberation.Jennie Louise - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 146 (3):327 - 348.
    This paper considers the question of whether predictions of wrongdoing are relevant to our moral obligations. After giving an analysis of ‘won’t’ claims (i.e., claims that an agent won’t Φ), the question is separated into two different issues: firstly, whether predictions of wrongdoing affect our objective moral obligations, and secondly, whether self-prediction of wrongdoing can be legitimately used in moral deliberation. I argue for an affirmative answer to both questions, although there are conditions that must be met for self-prediction to (...)
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  20.  72
    Globalization, Human Rights, and the Social Determinants of Health.Audrey R. Chapman - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (2):97-111.
    Globalization, a process characterized by the growing interdependence of the world's people, impacts health systems and the social determinants of health in ways that are detrimental to health equity. In a world in which there are few countervailing normative and policy approaches to the dominant neoliberal regime underpinning globalization, the human rights paradigm constitutes a widely shared foundation for challenging globalization's effects. The substantive rights enumerated in human rights instruments include the right to the highest attainable level of physical and (...)
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  21.  40
    A Passion of the Soul: An Introduction to Pain for Consciousness Researchers.C. R. Chapman & Yutaka Nakamura - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):391-422.
    Pain is an important focus for consciousness research because it is an avenue for exploring somatic awareness, emotion, and the genesis of subjectivity. In principle, pain is awareness of tissue trauma, but pain can occur in the absence of identifiable injury, and sometimes substantive tissue injury produces no pain. The purpose of this paper is to help bridge pain research and consciousness studies. It reviews the basic sensory neurophysiology associated with tissue injury, including transduction, transmission, modulation, and central representation. In (...)
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  22. Language and Empiricism: After the Vienna Circle.Siobhan Chapman - 2008 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This book compares attitudes to empiricism in language study from mid-twentieth century philosophy of language and from present-day linguistics. It focuses on responses to the logical positivism of the Vienna Circle, particularly in the work of British philosopher J. L. Austin and the much less well-known work of Norwegian philosopher Arne Naess.
     
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  23. On a New Escape From Logical Determinism.Tobias Chapman - 1972 - Mind 81 (324):597-599.
  24.  32
    Mental States During Dreaming and Daydreaming: Some Methodological Loopholes.Peter Chapman & Geoffrey Underwood - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):917-918.
    Relatively poor memory for dreams is important evidence for Hobson et al.'s model of conscious states. We describe the time-gap experience as evidence that everyday memory for waking states may not be as good as they assume. As well as being surprisingly sparse, everyday memories may themselves be systematically distorted in the same manner that Revonsuo attributes uniquely to dreams. [Hobson et al.; Revonsuo].
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  25.  38
    Technology as World Building.Anne Chapman - 2004 - Ethics, Place and Environment 7 (1-2):59 – 72.
    This paper addresses the question of 'What is technology?' in order to develop a framework for the assessment and regulation of technology. I suggest that technology is how we build our world, drawing on the distinctions between the world and the earth, and between the human activities of labour, work and action, made by Hannah Arendt. Arendt's thought has a number of implications for how we should think about and assess the world, and thus technology: the world should not be (...)
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  26.  25
    How to Think About Environmental Studies.Robert L. Chapman - 2007 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 41 (1):59–74.
  27. Constructing Pain: How Pain Hurts.Yutaka Nakamura & C. Chapman - 2002 - In Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.), No Matter, Never Mind. John Benjamins.
     
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  28.  32
    Unscrambling the Eggs: Cybrid Research Through an Embryonic Stem Cell Research Oversight Committee (ESCRO) Lens.Audrey Chapman & Anne L. Hiskes - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (12):44 – 46.
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  29.  63
    Measuring Pain: An Introspective Look at Introspection.Yutaka Nakamura & R. Chapman - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):582-592.
    The measurement of pain depends upon subjective reports, but we know very little about how research subjects or pain patients produce self-reported judgments. Representationalist assumptions dominate the field of pain research and lead to the critical conjecture that the person in pain examines the contents of consciousness before making a report about the sensory or affective magnitude of pain experience as well as about its nature. Most studies to date have investigated what Fechner termed “outer psychophysics”: the relationship between characteristics (...)
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  30.  40
    On Quine's 'so-Called Paradox'.J. M. Chapman & R. J. Butler - 1965 - Mind 74 (295):424-425.
  31. Physicians, Law, and Ethics.Carleton B. Chapman - 1984 - New York University Press.
     
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  32.  48
    Decision Making in Health Care: Theory, Psychology, and Applications.Gretchen B. Chapman & Frank A. Sonnenberg (eds.) - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    Decision making is a crucial element in the field of medicine. The physician has to determine what is wrong with the patient and recommend treatment, while the patient has to decide whether or not to seek medical care, and go along with the treatment recommended by the physician. Health policy makers and health insurers have to decide what to promote, what to discourage, and what to pay for. Together, these decisions determine the quality of health care that is provided. Decision (...)
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  33.  25
    Deceptive Nature of Dial-a-Porn Commercials and Public Policy Alternatives.Shaheen Borna, Joseph Chapman & Dennis Menezes - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (7):503 - 509.
    This research investigates consumers'' perceptions of claims made in Dial-a-Porn commercials. The empirical findings support the view that some of the claims are deceptive. Based on research findings, preliminary public policy guidelines are suggested.
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  34.  56
    Reviews. [REVIEW]Kurt Marko, K. M. Jensen, M. C. Chapman, Michael M. Boll, Mitchell Aboulafia, Charles E. Ziegler, Trudy Conway, Thomas A. Shipka, Fred Lawrence, James G. Colbert, John W. Murphy, Robert B. Louden & Maureen Henry - 1983 - Studies in East European Thought 25 (2):267-271.
  35. Ethics, Economics, and the Law.J. Roland Pennock & John William Chapman (eds.) - 1982 - New York University Press.
     
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  36.  17
    The 1969 Soviet Symposium on the Slavophiles.Malcolm C. Chapman - 1979 - Studies in East European Thought 20 (1):23-42.
  37. Compromise in Ethics, Law, and Politics.J. Roland Pennock & John William Chapman (eds.) - 1979 - New York University Press.
     
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  38.  40
    Function and Content Words Evoke Different Brain Potentials.Robert M. Chapman - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (2):282-284.
    Word class-specific differences in brain evoked potentials (EP) are discussed for connotative meaning and for function versus content words. A well-controlled experiment found matching lexical decision times for function and content words, but clear EP differences (component with maximum near 550 msec) among function words, content words, and nonwords that depended on brain site. Another EP component, with a 480 msec maximum, differentiated words (either function or content) from nonwords.
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  39.  19
    Discussions.Thomas J. Blakeley, M. C. Chapman & Paul Zancanaro - 1982 - Studies in East European Thought 24 (4):277-294.
  40.  40
    Transparency? What Transparency?John Chapman - 1995 - Business Ethics 4 (3):139–142.
  41.  37
    Pain and Folk Theory.C. R. Chapman, Y. Nakakura & C. N. Chapman - 2000 - Brain and Mind 1 (2):209-222.
    Pain is not a primitive sensory event but rather a complexperception and a process by which a person interacts with theinternal and external environments, constructs meaning, andengages in action. Because folk beliefs are central to meaning,folk concepts of pain play multiple causal roles in a painpatient's interaction with health care providers and others.In every case, the notion of pain is linked to a goal-directedbehavior that is useful to the person. The wide variation inconcepts of pain across individuals suffering with painunderscores (...)
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  42.  35
    Reviews. [REVIEW]Assen Ignatow, Kurt Marko, M. C. Chapman & John W. Murphy - 1983 - Studies in East European Thought 26 (1):227-229.
  43.  36
    Some Aspects of St. Augustine's Philosophy of Beauty.Emmanuel Chapman - 1941 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 1 (1):46-51.
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  44.  17
    New Books. [REVIEW]Foster Watson, R. C., S. J. Chapman, F. H. Melville, M. D., J. S. Mackenzie, Herbert W. Blunt, H. T. Watt, John Edgar, W. J., M. L. & F. C. S. Schiller - 1908 - Mind 17 (65):114-135.
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  45.  24
    Stress in Political Theory.Phillip C. Chapman - 1969 - Ethics 80 (1):38-49.
    The article attempts to give a coherent expression to a recurrent theme in the history of political theory. The theme is that men and communities must be subjected to stress in various forms (e.g., Poverty, Insecurity, Conflict, Dissension) in order to maintain whatever faculties, qualities, capabilities and institutions they regard as (a) practically necessary in the long run, or (b) an essential part of their conception of a good life. The ideas dealt with have been drawn from philosophers, political scientists (...)
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  46.  29
    What Role Does Intersubjectivity Play in the Facial Expression of Pain?C. Richard Chapman & Yoshio Nakamura - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):455-456.
    The facial expression of pain is the end product of a complex process that is, in part, emotional. The evolutionary study of facial expression must account for the social nature of human consciousness and should address the questions of why empathy exists, the adaptive importance of empathy, and whether facial expression is a mechanism of empathy and second-person consciousness.
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  47.  25
    Values in the Law of Tort: A Symposium (Part II). [REVIEW]Michael D. Bayles & Bruce Chapman - 1983 - Law and Philosophy 2 (1):369-370.
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  48.  21
    Identity and Reference.Tobias Chapman - 1973 - Mind 82 (328):542-556.
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  49.  20
    Fedorov.M. C. Chapman - 1979 - Studies in East European Thought 20 (3):295-301.
  50.  17
    New Books. [REVIEW]G. Galloway, W. McD, W. D. Ross, H. C., S. J. Chapman, M. D. & W. D. Morrison - 1907 - Mind 16 (62):281-298.
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