Results for 'Lu��s Moniz Pereira'

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  1.  1
    LUPS—A Language for Updating Logic Programs.José Júlio Alferes, Luı́s Moniz Pereira, Halina Przymusinska & Teodor C. Przymusinski - 2002 - Artificial Intelligence 138 (1-2):87-116.
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  2.  17
    The Logical Impingement of Artifical Intelligence.Luíz Moniz Pereira - 1998 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 56:183-204.
    We address the impingement of Artificial Intelligence on logic, by examining the requirements posed on logic by knowledge representation and reasoning issues which A I has addressed. We then outline some of AI's contributions, via Logic Programming, to more dynamic forms of logic, in order to deal with knowledge in flux, namely: incomplete and contradictory information; hypotheses making through abduction; argumentation; diagnosis and debugging; updating; and learning. Along the way we delve into implications for the philosophy of knowledge.
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  3.  10
    Knowledge Assimilation in Domains of Actions: A Possible Causes Approach.Renwei Li & Luís Moniz Pereira - 1997 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 7 (1-2):77-116.
    ABSTRACT One major problem in the process of knowledge assimilation is how to deal with inconsistency of new knowledge and the existing knowledge base. In this paper we present a formal, provably correct and yet computational methodology for assimilation of new knowledge into knowledge bases about actions and changes based on the slogan: what is believed is what is explained. Technically, we employ Gelfond and Lifschitz' action description language A to describe domains of actions. The knowledge bases on domains of (...)
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  4.  4
    The Logical Impingement of Artifical Intelligence.Luíz Moniz Pereira - 1998 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 56:183-204.
    We address the impingement of Artificial Intelligence on logic, by examining the requirements posed on logic by knowledge representation and reasoning issues which A I has addressed. We then outline some of AI's contributions, via Logic Programming, to more dynamic forms of logic, in order to deal with knowledge in flux, namely: incomplete and contradictory information; hypotheses making through abduction; argumentation; diagnosis and debugging; updating; and learning. Along the way we delve into implications for the philosophy of knowledge.
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  5.  28
    Luís Moniz Pereira & Ari Saptawijaya, Programming Machine Ethics: Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics, Switzerland: Springer, 2016, €99.99, ISBN 978-3-319-29353-0.Sean Welsh - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (1):253-257.
  6.  14
    Luis Moniz Pereira.Philosophical Incidence Of Logic - 2002 - In Dov M. Gabbay (ed.), Handbook of the Logic of Argument and Inference: The Turn Towards the Practical. Elsevier.
  7.  91
    Epistemology and Artificial Intelligence.Gregory Wheeler & Luis Moniz Pereira - 2004 - Journal of Applied Logic 2 (4):469-93.
    In this essay we advance the view that analytical epistemology and artificial intelligence are complementary disciplines. Both fields study epistemic relations, but whereas artificial intelligence approaches this subject from the perspective of understanding formal and computational properties of frameworks purporting to model some epistemic relation or other, traditional epistemology approaches the subject from the perspective of understanding the properties of epistemic relations in terms of their conceptual properties. We argue that these two practices should not be conducted in isolation. We (...)
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  8. Rethinking Machine Ethics in the Era of Ubiquitous Technology.Jeffrey White (ed.) - 2015 - IGI.
    Table of Contents Foreword .................................................................................................... ......................................... xiv Preface .................................................................................................... .............................................. xv Acknowledgment .................................................................................................... .......................... xxiii Section 1 On the Cusp: Critical Appraisals of a Growing Dependency on Intelligent Machines Chapter 1 Algorithms versus Hive Minds and the Fate of Democracy ................................................................... 1 Rick Searle, IEET, USA Chapter 2 We Can Make Anything: Should We? .................................................................................................. 15 Chris Bateman, University of Bolton, UK Chapter 3 Grounding Machine Ethics within the Natural System ........................................................................ 30 Jared Gassen, JMG Advising, USA Nak Young Seong, Independent Scholar, South (...)
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  9.  15
    Programming Machine Ethics by Luís Moniz Pereira and Ari Saptawijaya.Robert Kowalski - 2017 - AI and Society 32 (2):299-300.
  10.  9
    Structural Alienation: Lu’s Structural Approach to Reconciliation From Within a Relational Framework.Leonie Smith - 2019 - Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric 2 (11):1-14.
    In Justice and Reconciliation in World Politics Catherine Lu argues that structural reconciliation, rather than interactional reconciliation, ought to be the primary normative goal for political reconciliation efforts. I suggest that we might have good reason to want to retain relational approaches – such as that of Linda Radzik – as the primary focus of reconciliatory efforts, but that Lu’s approach is invaluable for identifying the parties who ought to bear responsibility for those efforts in cases of structural injustice. First, (...)
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  11.  4
    An Evaluation of Nurses' Professional Autonomy in Turkey.Z. G. Baykara & S. Ahino Lu - 2014 - Nursing Ethics 21 (4):447-460.
  12.  11
    Gender and Global Justice: Lu’s Justice and Reconciliation in World Politics.Sirje Laurel Weldon - 2018 - Ethics and Global Politics 11 (1):31-41.
  13.  1
    Structural Alienation: Lu’s Structural Approach to Reconciliation From Within a Relational Framework.Leonie Smith - 2019 - Global Justice : Theory Practice Rhetoric 11 (2):1-14.
    In Justice and Reconciliation in World Politics Catherine Lu argues that structural reconciliation, rather than interactional reconciliation, ought to be the primary normative goal for political reconciliation efforts. I suggest that we might have good reason to want to retain relational approaches – such as that of Linda Radzik – as the primary focus of reconciliatory efforts, but that Lu’s approach is invaluable for identifying the parties who ought to bear responsibility for those efforts in cases of structural injustice. First, (...)
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  14.  9
    Programming Machine Ethics.Luís Moniz Pereira & Ari Saptawijaya - 2016 - Springer Verlag.
    Source: "This book addresses the fundamentals of machine ethics. It discusses abilities required for ethical machine reasoning and the programming features that enable them. It connects ethics, psychological ethical processes, and machine implemented procedures. From a technical point of view, the book uses logic programming and evolutionary game theory to model and link the individual and collective moral realms. It also reports on the results of experiments performed using several model implementations. Opening specific and promising inroads into the terra incognita (...)
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  15.  24
    Bankruptcy of Empress Lü's Dream.Yüan Ssu - 1978 - Chinese Studies in History 12 (2):66-73.
  16.  20
    Should I Kill or Rather Not?Luis Moniz Pereira - 2019 - AI and Society 34 (4):939-943.
  17.  10
    Culture-Based Artefacts to Inform ICT Design: Foundations and Practice.Lara S. G. Piccolo & Roberto Pereira - 2019 - AI and Society 34 (3):437-453.
    Cultural aspects frame our perception of the world and direct the many different ways people interact with things in it. For this reason, these aspects should be considered when designing technology with the purpose to positively impact people in a community. In this paper, we revisit the foundations of culture aiming to bring this concept in dialogue with design. To inform design with cultural aspects, we model reality in three levels of formality: informal, formal, and technical, and subscribe to a (...)
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  18.  10
    Should I Kill or Rather Not?Luis Moniz Pereira - 2019 - AI and Society 34 (4):939-943.
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  19. Methodological Naturalism and Epistemic Internalism.Gregory Wheeler & Luís Moniz Pereira - 2008 - Synthese 163 (3):315-328.
    Epistemic naturalism holds that the results or methodologies from the cognitive sciences are relevant to epistemology, and some have maintained that scientific methods are more compatible with externalist theories of justification than with internalist theories. But practically all discussions about naturalized epistemology are framed exclusively in terms of cognitive psychology, which is only one of the cognitive sciences. The question addressed in this essay is whether a commitment to naturalism really does favor externalism over internalism, and we offer reasons for (...)
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  20.  21
    Epistemology and Artificial Intelligence.Gregory R. Wheeler & Luís Moniz Pereira - 2004 - Journal of Applied Logic 2 (4):469-493.
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  21.  18
    Motivation and Reconciliation in Catherine Lu’s Conception of Global Justice.Paige E. Digeser - 2018 - Ethics and Global Politics 11 (1):6-12.
  22.  13
    Analytic Philosophy in Portugal.António Zilhão (ed.) - 1999 - Rodopi.
    Inhaltsverzeichnis/Table of Contents:IntroductionAntónio ZILHÃO: Folk-Psychology, Rationality and Human ActionJoão BRANQUINHO: The Problem of Cognitive DynamicsJ.P. MONTEIRO: Hume, Induction and Single ExperimentsMarco RUFFINO: The Primacy of Concepts and the Priority of Judgments in Frege's LogicJoão Vergílio Gallerani CUTER: Die unanwendbare Arithmetik des TractatusSílvio PINTO: Wittgenstein's Anti-PlatonismFernando FERREIRA: A Substitutional Framework for Arithmetical ValidityJ.R. CROCA & R.N. MOREIRA: Indeterminism Versus CausalismLuíz MONIZ PEREIRA: The Logical Impingement of Artifical Intelligence.
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  23.  3
    True Self and True Thing: A New Reading and Reinterpretation of Wang Lü’s “Preface to the Second Version of the Mount Hua Paintings”.Feng Peng - forthcoming - Philosophy East and West.
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  24.  2
    Timing and Rulership in Master Lu's Spring and Autumn Annals.James Daryl Sellmann - 2002 - Albany NY: SUNY Press.
    Explores proper timing and the arts of rulership in the work that inspired China's first emperor.
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  25.  31
    The Jesuits and the Sino-Russian Treaty of Nerchinsk : The Diary of Thomas Pereira, S. J.B. Szczesniak, Thomas Pereira & Joseph Sebes - 1963 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 83 (1):162.
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  26. Reasoning with Logic Programming.José Júlio Alferes & Luís Moniz Pereira - 2001 - Studia Logica 67 (1):118-120.
  27.  7
    Nonalienation Among Peoples: Symposium on Catherine Lu’s Justice and Reconciliation in World Politics.Peter Niesen - 2020 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 23 (4):518-522.
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  28. Timing and Rulership in Master Lu's Spring and Autumn Annals (LUshih Chunqou).James Daryl Sellmann - 2002 - Albany, NY, USA: SUNY Press.
    The Lüshi chunqiu was written for and inspired the king who united the warring state to become China's first emperor in 221 BCE. This book explicates the concept of "proper timing," proposing that it helps bring unity to the diverse eclectic content of the text. The book analyzes the roles of human nature, the justification for the existence of the state, and the significance of personal, historical and cosmic timing. An organic instrumental position emerges from the diverse theories contained in (...)
     
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  29.  11
    Logic Programming for Modeling Morality.Ari Saptawijaya & Luís Moniz Pereira - 2016 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 24 (4).
  30.  13
    The Carousel of Ethical Machinery.Luís Moniz Pereira - 2021 - AI and Society 36 (1):185-196.
    Human beings have been aware of the risks associated with knowledge or its associated technologies since the dawn of time. Not just in Greek mythology, but in the founding myths of Judeo-Christian religions, there are signs and warnings against these dangers. Yet, such warnings and forebodings have never made as much sense as they do today. This stems from the emergence of machines capable of cognitive functions performed exclusively by humans until recently. Besides those technical problems associated with its design (...)
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  31.  21
    Timing and Rulership in Master Lü’s Spring and Autumn Annals (Lüshi Chunqiu). By James D. Sellmann.By James D. Sellmann & Jay Goulding - 2004 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 31 (2):305–309.
  32. La incidencia filosófica de la programación lógica.Luís Moniz Pereira - 2007 - Agora 26 (1):153-185.
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  33.  47
    Hybrid Probabilistic Logic Programs as Residuated Logic Programs.Carlos Viegas Damásio & Luís Moniz Pereira - 2002 - Studia Logica 72 (1):113 - 138.
    In this paper we show the embedding of Hybrid Probabilistic Logic Programs into the rather general framework of Residuated Logic Programs, where the main results of (definite) logic programming are validly extrapolated, namely the extension of the immediate consequences operator of van Emden and Kowalski. The importance of this result is that for the first time a framework encompassing several quite distinct logic programming semantics is described, namely Generalized Annotated Logic Programs, Fuzzy Logic Programming, Hybrid Probabilistic Logic Programs, and Possibilistic (...)
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  34.  35
    ** A Incidência da Inteligência Artificial Na Lógica.Luís Moniz Pereira - 2001 - Disputatio (10):43-64.
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  35.  7
    Preferential Theory Revision.Pierangelo Dell'Acqua & Luís Moniz Pereira - 2007 - Journal of Applied Logic 5 (4):586-601.
  36.  21
    Cyberculture, Symbiosis, and Syncretism.Luís Moniz Pereira - 2018 - AI and Society 33 (3):447-452.
    The impact of Cyberculture, of digital devices on young people as extensions of the body, can be seen in terms of the decreasing structuring of thoughts and information, increasing impulsivity in perception and action, and the development of more primitive defense mechanisms. These adverse impacts result in the feeling of isolation and devaluation, frustration of present and uncertainty of the future, exteriorization and floating identities, mimetic and adhesive identifications, less cohesion of the self, and decreasing tolerance of the other. This (...)
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  37.  9
    A Machine is Cheaper Than a Human for the Same Task.Luís Moniz Pereira - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-3.
  38.  29
    Ethics in Nanotechnology: What’s Being Done? What’s Missing? [REVIEW]Louis Y. Y. Lu, Bruce J. Y. Lin, John S. Liu & Chang-Yung Yu - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 109 (4):583-598.
    Nanotechnology shows great promise in a variety of applications with attractive economic and societal benefits. However, societal issues associated with nanotechnology are still a concern to the general public. While numerous technological advancements in nanotechnology have been achieved over the past decade, research into the broader societal issues of nanotechnology is still in its early phases. Based on the data from the Web of Science database, we applied the main path analysis, cluster analysis and text mining tools to explore the (...)
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  39.  7
    Introduction.Luís Moniz Pereira & Gregory Wheeler - 2007 - Journal of Applied Logic 5 (4):575-576.
  40. Logic Programming and Knowledge Representation: Third International Workshop, LPKR '97, Port Jefferson, New York, USA, October 1997, Selected Papers'. [REVIEW]Jürgen Dix, Luís Moniz Pereira & Teodor C. Przymusinski - 2001 - Studia Logica 68 (2):299-300.
  41. Non-Monotonic Extensions of Logic Programming 2nd International Workshop, Nmelp '96, Bad Honnef, Germany, September 5-6, 1996 : Selected Papers'. [REVIEW]J. Dix, Luís Moniz Pereira & Teodor C. Przymusinski - 1997
     
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  42.  32
    The Art of Letters, Lu Chi's "Wen Fu," A. D. 302, A Translation and Comparative Study.James R. Hightower, E. R. Hughes & Lu Chi - 1952 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 72 (4):184.
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  43.  5
    Pensamento crítico.Luís Moniz Pereira - 2007 - Critica.
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  44. Logics in Artificial Intelligence: European Workshop, Jelia '96, Evora, Portugal, September 30 - October 3, 1996, Proceedings. [REVIEW]Jose Julio Alferes, Luis Moniz Pereira & Eva Orlowska - 1996 - Springer.
    This book presents the refereed proceedings of the Sixth European Workshop on Logics in Artificial Intelligence, JELIA '96, held in Evora, Portugal in September/October 1996. The 25 revised full papers included together with three invited papers were selected from 57 submissions. Many relevant aspects of AI logics are addressed. The papers are organized in sections on automated reasoning, modal logics, applications, nonmonotonic reasoning, default logics, logic programming, temporal and spatial logics, and belief revision and paraconsistency.
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  45.  15
    Belief, Provability, and Logic Programs.José Júlio Alferes & Luís Moniz Pereira - 1995 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 5 (1):31-50.
  46. Kant's Use of Travel Reports in Theorizing About Race -A Case Study of How Testimony Features in Natural Philosophy.Huaping Lu-Adler - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 91:10-19.
    A testimony is somebody else’s reported experience of what has happened. It is an indispensable source of knowledge. It only gives us historical cognition, however, which stands in a complex relation to rational or philosophical cognition: while the latter presupposes historical cognition as its matter, one needs the architectonic “eye of a philosopher” to select, interpret, and organize historical cognition. Kant develops this rationalist theory of testimony. He also practices it in his own work, especially while theorizing about race as (...)
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  47.  10
    Special Issue Arising From the Third International Workshop on Computational Models of Scientific Reasoning and Applications.Claudio Delrieux & Luís Moniz Pereira - 2004 - Journal of Applied Logic 2 (4):381-384.
  48.  3
    Common-Sense Reasoning as Proto-Scientific Agent Activity.Pierangelo Dell'Acqua & Luís Moniz Pereira - 2004 - Journal of Applied Logic 2 (4):385-407.
  49. Gómez Pereira's Antoniana Margarita (2 Vols): A Work on Natural Philosophy, Medicine and Theology.José Manuel García-Valverde & Peter Maxwell-Stuart (eds.) - 2019 - Brill.
    Gómez Pereira's _Antoniana Margarita_ represents one of the most original works of his time. Its author develops some issues of great impact in later philosophy, such as animal automatism, soul-body radical separation and self-awareness.
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  50.  66
    Do Simple Infinitesimal Parts Solve Zeno’s Paradox of Measure?Lu Chen - 2019 - Synthese 198 (5):4441-4456.
    In this paper, I develop an original view of the structure of space—called infinitesimal atomism—as a reply to Zeno’s paradox of measure. According to this view, space is composed of ultimate parts with infinitesimal size, where infinitesimals are understood within the framework of Robinson’s nonstandard analysis. Notably, this view satisfies a version of additivity: for every region that has a size, its size is the sum of the sizes of its disjoint parts. In particular, the size of a finite region (...)
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