Results for 'Lucas Lazarini'

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  1.  6
    As Ideias Podem Ser Entendidas Como Um "a Priori"? Sobre o § 45 de "O Mundo Como Vontade E Representação".Lucas Lazarini Valente - 2017 - Voluntas: Revista Internacional de Filosofia 8 (2):28.
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  2.  4
    Ideia Platônica E o Mundo Intuitivo Em Schopenhauer, de Yasuo Kamata.Lucas Lazarini Valente - 2017 - Voluntas: Revista Internacional de Filosofia 8 (2):150.
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  3.  9
    Carta de Schopenhauer a Karl Rosenkranz e Friedrich Wilhelm Schubert, de 24 de agosto de 1837.Lucas Lazarini Valente - 2018 - Revista de Filosofia Aurora 30 (49).
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  4.  2
    A Atualidade de Schopenhauer, de Max Horkheimer.Lucas Lazarini - 2018 - Voluntas: Revista Internacional de Filosofia 9 (2):190.
    Tradução de Die Aktualität Schopenhauers, de Max Horkheimer, artigo publicado em 1961 no Schopenhauer-Jahrbuch da Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft.
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  5.  35
    Lucas, Godel and Astaire: A Rejoinder.J. R. Lucas - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (137):507-508.
  6.  30
    Transcendental Tense: J.R. Lucas.J. R. Lucas - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):45–56.
  7.  30
    Against Equality Again: J. R. Lucas.J. R. Lucas - 1977 - Philosophy 52 (201):255-280.
    Equality in the present age has become an idol, in much the same way as property was in the age of Locke. Many people worship it, and think that it provides the key to the proper understanding of politics, and that on it alone can a genuinely just society be reconstructed. This is a mistake. Although, like property, it is a useful concept, and although, like property, there are occasions when we want to have it in practice, it is not (...)
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  8.  38
    Lucas Against Mechanism II: A Rejoinder.John R. Lucas - 1984 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (June):189-91.
    David Lewis criticizes an argument I put forward against mechansim on the grounds that I fail to distinguish between OL, Lucas's ordinary potential arithmetic output, and OML, Lucas's arithmetical output when accused of being some particular machine M; and correspondingly, between OM the ordinary potential arithmetic output of the machine M, and ONM, the arithmetic output of the machine M when accused of being a particular machine N. For any given machine, M, N, O, P, Q, R,... etc., (...)
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  9. Lucas Against Mechanism: A Rejoinder.John Lucas - 2003 - Etica E Politica 5 (1):1.
    Coder’s argument is very similar to Lewis’ one: he maintains that some human beings are not able to follow Gödel’s theorem, so Lucas’ argument cannot show that their minds are not machines. The answer of Lucas is that one proposed against Lewis’ criticism, that is that Mechanism makes a universal claim and so a single counter-example – a single mind producing a singe truth not recognizable by any machine – is a disproof for it.
     
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  10.  10
    Lucas Against Mechanism II: A Rejoinder.J. R. Lucas - 1984 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (2):189-191.
    David Lewis criticizes an argument I put forward against mechansim on the grounds that I fail to distinguish between OL, Lucas's ordinary potential arithmetic output, and OML, Lucas's arithmetical output when accused of being some particular machine M; and correspondingly, between OM the ordinary potential arithmetic output of the machine M, and ONM, the arithmetic output of the machine M when accused of being a particular machine N. For any given machine, M, N, O, P, Q, R,... etc., (...)
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  11.  45
    ‘Because You Are a Woman’: J. R. Lucas.J. R. Lucas - 1973 - Philosophy 48 (184):161-171.
    Plato was the first feminist. In the Republic he puts forward the view that women are just the same as men, only not quite so good. It is a view which has often been expressed in recent years, and generates strong passions. Some of these have deep biological origins, which a philosopher can only hope to recognize and not to assuage. But much of the heat engendered is due to unnecessary friction between views which are certainly compatible and probably correct. (...)
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  12.  49
    Logical Constructivism, Modal Logic, and Metaphysics: A Reply to Professor Pruss' ``Professor Lucas' Second Epistemic Way''. [REVIEW]Billy Joe Lucas - 2002 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 52 (3):143-157.
  13.  19
    A Mind of One's Own: J. R. Lucas.J. R. Lucas - 1993 - Philosophy 68 (266):457-471.
    Whatever good or ill it did to Guy Fawkes, his resuscitation at the hands of Bernard Williams has, by any utilitarian reckoning, been a Good Thing. A casual glance at the literature that has accumulated over the past thirty-five years leaves no doubt that the topic has been reduplicated many times over, to the great enjoyment of undergraduates, who have been able to write science fiction under the guise of essays in the Philosophy of Mind, and of dons, who in (...)
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  14. Aristóteles, Física I-II.Lucas Angioni - 2009 - Editora da Unicamp.
    Translation of Aristotle's Physics I-II into Portuguese, with commentaries. Tradução para o português dos livros I e II da Física de Aristóteles, com comentários.
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  15. Causality and Coextensiveness in Aristotle's Posterior Analytics 1.13.Lucas Angioni - 2018 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 54:159-185.
    I discuss an important feature of the notion of cause in Post. An. 1. 13, 78b13–28, which has been either neglected or misunderstood. Some have treated it as if Aristotle were introducing a false principle about explanation; others have understood the point in terms of coextensiveness of cause and effect. However, none offers a full exegesis of Aristotle's tangled argument or accounts for all of the text's peculiarities. My aim is to disentangle Aristotle's steps to show that he is arguing (...)
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  16. Os seis requisitos das premissas da demonstração científica em Aristóteles.Lucas Angioni - 2012 - Manuscrito 35 (1):7-60.
    I discuss in this paper the six requirements Aristotle advances at Posterior Analytics A-2, 71b20-33, for the premisses of a scientific demonstration. I argue that the six requirements give no support for an intepretation in terms of “axiomatization”. Quite on the contrary, the six requirements can be consistently understood in a very different picture, according to which the most basic feature of a scientific demonstration is to explain a given proposition by its appropriate cause.
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  17.  20
    II–J.R. Lucas.J. R. Lucas - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):45-56.
  18.  4
    Transcendental Tense: J.R. Lucas.J. Lucas - 1998 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 72 (1):45-56.
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  19. Introdução à teoria da predicação em Aristóteles.Lucas Angioni - 2006 - Editora da Unicamp.
    This is an introductory handbook for some of the main themes around the notion of predication in Aristotle. It does not aim at being exhaustive, but only sketches some important lines about the subject; it contains an introductory essay, besides the translation (into Portuguese) and commentary of basic texts (such as Posterior Analytics I-22, Categories 1-5, Interpretation 1-6 etc.).
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  20.  86
    Minds, Machines and Gödel.J. R. Lucas - 2003 - Etica E Politica 5 (1):1.
    In this article, Lucas maintains the falseness of Mechanism - the attempt to explain minds as machines - by means of Incompleteness Theorem of Gödel. Gödel’s theorem shows that in any system consistent and adequate for simple arithmetic there are formulae which cannot be proved in the system but that human minds can recognize as true; Lucas points out in his turn that Gödel’s theorem applies to machines because a machine is the concrete instantiation of a formal system: (...)
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  21. Responsibility.J. R. Lucas - 1995 - Clarendon Press.
    Responsibility is a key concept in our moral, social, and political thinking, but it is not itself properly understood. J.R. Lucas here presents a lively, broad, and accessible discussion of responsibility in various areas of human life, from personal and sexual relations to politics.
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  22. As noções aristotélicas de substância e essência.Lucas Angioni - 2008 - Editora da Unicamp.
    This book discusses Aristotle’s notions of essence and substance as they are developed in Metaphysics ZH. I examine Aristotle's argument at length and defends an unorthodox interpretation according to which his motivation is to provide an answer against a conflation between criteria for existential priority (delivering substances as primary beings) and criteria for explanatory priority (delivering essences as primary principles).
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  23. Minds, Machines and Gödel.John R. Lucas - 1961 - Philosophy 36 (137):112-127.
    Gödei's Theorem seems to me to prove that Mechanism is false, that is, that minds cannot be explained as machines. So also has it seemed to many other people: almost every mathematical logician I have put the matter to has confessed to similar thoughts, but has felt reluctant to commit himself definitely until he could see the whole argument set out, with all objections fully stated and properly met. This I attempt to do.
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  24.  41
    Plato: Hippias Major.Lucas Angioni - 2019 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 26:1-51.
    Trata-se de tradução do Hípias Maior de Platão para o Português, com algumas notas de elucidação e justificação das opções.
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  25. Física I & II (Preliminar, 2002).Lucas Angioni - 2002 - Campinas, Brazil: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas, Universidade de Campinas.
  26. Aristóteles, Segundos Analíticos, Livro I.Lucas Angioni - 2004 - Campinas, Brazil: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas, Universidade de Campinas.
    Translation of Aristotle's Posterior Analytics I into Portuguese, with a few notes, experimental glossary and introduction. The translation, which was made at 2003/4, was preliminary and its publication was intended to provide a didactic tool for courses as well as a provisional resource in research seminars. It needs some revision. I am currently working (slowly...) on the revision of the translation and a new revised one will surely appear at some point.
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  27. Aristotle’s Definition of Scientific Knowledge.Lucas Angioni - 2016 - Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 19 (1):79-104.
    In Posterior Analytics 71b9 12, we find Aristotle’s definition of scientific knowledge. The definiens is taken to have only two informative parts: scientific knowledge must be knowledge of the cause and its object must be necessary. However, there is also a contrast between the definiendum and a sophistic way of knowing, which is marked by the expression “kata sumbebekos”. Not much attention has been paid to this contrast. In this paper, I discuss Aristotle’s definition paying due attention to this contrast (...)
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  28. Aristóteles, Metafísica Livros IV e VI.Lucas Angioni - 2007 - Campinas, Brazil: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas, Universidade de Campinas.
    Translation of Aristotle's Metaphysics IV and VI, with notes. The translation is preliminary and intended as a provisional teaching tool to be also used in seminars and discussions with peers in order to reach a more elaborated version.
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  29.  97
    Lucas Against Mechanism.David K. Lewis - 1969 - Philosophy 44 (June):231-3.
    J. R. Lucas argues in “Minds, Machines, and Gödel”, that his potential output of truths of arithmetic cannot be duplicated by any Turing machine, and a fortiori cannot be duplicated by any machine. Given any Turing machine that generates a sequence of truths of arithmetic, Lucas can produce as true some sentence of arithmetic that the machine will never generate. Therefore Lucas is no machine.
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  30. Aristóteles, Segundos Analíticos, Livro II.Lucas Angioni - 2004 - Campinas, Brazil: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas, Universidade de Campinas.
    Translation of Aristotle's Posterior Analytics II into Portuguese, with a few notes, experimental glossary and introduction. The translation, which was made at 2002 (with a new printing in 2004), was preliminary and its publication was intended to provide a didactic tool for courses as well as a provisional resource in research seminars. It needs some revision. I am currently working (slowly...) on the revision of the translation and a new revised one will surely appear at some point.
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  31. “metafísica” De Aristóteles - Livro Xii.Lucas Angioni - 2005 - Cadernos de História E Filosofia da Ciência 15 (1).
  32. O conhecimento científico no livro I dos Segundos Analíticos de Aristóteles.Lucas Angioni - 2007 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 1 (2):1-24.
    I examine Aristotle’s definition of scientific knowledge in Posterior Analytics 71b 9-12 and try to understand how it relates to the sophistical way of knowing and to "kata sumbebekos knowledge". I claim that scientific knowledge of p requires knowing p by its appropriate cause, and that this appropriate cause is a universal (katholou) in the restricted sense Aristotle proposes in 73b 26-27 ff., i.e., an attribute coextensive with the subject (an extensional feature) and predicated of the subject in itself (an (...)
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  33. Aristóteles: Etica a Nicômaco Livro VI.Lucas Angioni - 2011 - Dissertatio 34:285-300.
    Tradução para o Português de Ethica Nicomachea VI.
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  34. Phronesis e Virtude do Caráter em Aristóteles: comentários a Ética a Nicômaco VI.Lucas Angioni - 2011 - Dissertatio 34:303-345.
    These are commentaries to the translation into Portuguese of Nicomachean Ethics VI, found in the same volume of Dissertatio.
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  35. Aristotle on Necessary Principles and on Explaining X Through X’s Essence.Lucas Angioni - 2014 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 7 (2):88-112.
    I discuss what Aristotle means when he say that scientific demonstration must proceed from necessary principles. I argue that, for Aristotle, scientific demonstration should not be reduced to sound deduction with necessary premises. Scientific demonstration ultimately depends on the fully appropriate explanatory factor for a given explanandum. This explanatory factor is what makes the explanandum what it is. Consequently, this factor is also unique. When Aristotle says that demonstration must proceed from necessary principles, he means that each demonstration requires the (...)
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  36. An Enquiry After Happiness, by the Author of Practical Christianity. By R. Lucas.Richard Lucas - 1717
     
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  37. Humane Life: Or, a Second Part of the Enquiry After Happiness, by the Author of Practical Christianity. By R. Lucas.Richard Lucas - 1717
     
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  38. Religious Perfection: Or, a 3rd Part of the Enquiry After Happiness, by the Author of Practical Christianity. By R. Lucas.Richard Lucas - 1717
     
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  39.  40
    Towards a Theory of Taxation*: J. R. LUCAS.J. R. Lucas - 1984 - Social Philosophy and Policy 2 (1):161-173.
    “Towards a Theory of Taxation” is a proper theme for an Englishman to take when giving a paper in America. After all it was from the absence of such a theory that the United States derived its existence. The Colonists felt strongly that there should be no taxation without representation, and George III was unable to explain to them convincingly why they should contribute to the cost of their defense. Since that time, understanding has not advanced much. In Britain we (...)
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  40.  35
    The Second Epistemic Way Revisited: Reply to Professor Beard's, 'Professor Lucas on Omniscience'. [REVIEW]Billy Joe Lucas - 1997 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 42 (3):143-162.
  41. Aristóteles: Metafísica, Livros VII-VIII.Lucas Angioni - 2002, 2005 - Campinas, Brazil: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas da Unicamp.
    Tradução dos livros Z e H da Metafísica de Aristóteles, com introdução e notas. Translation of Aristotle's Metaphysics Books VII and VIII into Portuguese, with Introduction and Notes.
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  42.  10
    Lucas Against Mechanism II.David Lewis - 1979 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):373-376.
    J. R. Lucas serves warning that he stands ready to refute any sufficiently specific accusation that he is a machine. let any mechanist say, to his face, that he is some particular machine M; Lucas will respond by producing forthwith a suitable Gödel sentence ϕM. Having produced ϕM, he will then argue that — given certain credible premises about himself — he could not have done so if the accusation that he was M had been true. let the (...)
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  43. Aristóteles, Metafísica Livros I, II e III.Lucas Angioni - 2008 - Campinas, Brazil: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas, Universidade de Campinas.
    Translation of Aristotle's Metaphysics I-III into Portuguese, with a few notes and introduction. The translation, which was made at 2007, is preliminary and its publication was intended to provide a didactic tool for courses as well as a provisional resource in research seminars. It needs some revision. I am currently working (slowly...) on the revision of the translation and a new revised one will surely appear at some point.
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  44. As quatro causas na filosofia da natureza de Aristóteles.Lucas Angioni - 2011 - Anais de Filosofia Clássica 10:1-19.
    I have two aims in this paper. First, I argue that, in Aristotle’s theory of the four causes, there is a basic and common feature by which all causes are causes: they all work in a triadic framework in which they explain why a given attribute holds of a given underlying thing. Secondly, I argue against a version of “compatibilism” according to which each kind of cause is complete in its own domain and does not compete with any other kind. (...)
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  45.  91
    Aristóteles: De Anima Livros I-III (trechos).Lucas Angioni - 1999 - Campinas, Brazil: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas da Universidade de Campinas.
    Translation of passages of Aristotle's De Anima into Portuguese. The passages are these: I.1, I.4 (the 'Rylean passage'); II.1-6; III.1-8. The translation is preliminary.
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  46. Demonstração, silogismo e causalidade.Lucas Angioni - 2014 - In Lógica e Ciência em Aristóteles. pp. 61-120.
    This chapter argues in favour of three interrelated points. First, I argue that demonstration (as expression of scientific knowledge) is fundamentally defined as knowledge of the appropriate cause for a given explanandum: to have scientific knowledge of the explanandum is to explain it through its fully appropriate cause. Secondly, I stress that Aristotle’s notion of cause has a “triadic” structure, which fundamentally depends on the predicative formulation (or “regimentation”) of the explanandum. Thirdly, I argue that what has motivated Aristotle to (...)
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  47. Lógica e Ciência em Aristóteles.Lucas Angioni - 2014 - Phi.
  48.  77
    Lucas Against Mechanism II.David Lewis - 1979 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 9 (June):373-6.
    J. R. Lucas argues in “Minds, Machines, and Gödel”, that his potential output of truths of arithmetic cannot be duplicated by any Turing machine, and a fortiori cannot be duplicated by any machine. Given any Turing machine that generates a sequence of truths of arithmetic, Lucas can produce as true some sentence of arithmetic that the machine will never generate. Therefore Lucas is no machine.
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  49. Aristóteles, As Partes dos Animais, Livro I.Lucas Angioni - 1999 - Cadernos de História e Filosofia da Ciência.
  50.  6
    The Liberal Conscience: Politics and Principle in a World of Religious Pluralism.Lucas Swaine - 2007 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (5):515-517.
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