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Lucy Frith
University of Liverpool
  1.  33
    Standards of Practice in Empirical Bioethics Research: Towards a Consensus.Jonathan Ives, Michael Dunn, Bert Molewijk, Jan Schildmann, Kristine Bærøe, Lucy Frith, Richard Huxtable, Elleke Landeweer, Marcel Mertz, Veerle Provoost, Annette Rid, Sabine Salloch, Mark Sheehan, Daniel Strech, Martine de Vries & Guy Widdershoven - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):68.
    This paper responds to the commentaries from Stacy Carter and Alan Cribb. We pick up on two main themes in our response. First, we reflect on how the process of setting standards for empirical bioethics research entails drawing boundaries around what research counts as empirical bioethics research, and we discuss whether the standards agreed in the consensus process draw these boundaries correctly. Second, we expand on the discussion in the original paper of the role and significance of the concept of (...)
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  2.  34
    Symbiotic Empirical Ethics: A Practical Methodology.Lucy Frith - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (4):198-206.
    Like any discipline, bioethics is a developing field of academic inquiry; and recent trends in scholarship have been towards more engagement with empirical research. This ‘empirical turn’ has provoked extensive debate over how such ‘descriptive’ research carried out in the social sciences contributes to the distinctively normative aspect of bioethics. This paper will address this issue by developing a practical research methodology for the inclusion of data from social science studies into ethical deliberation. This methodology will be based on a (...)
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  3.  30
    Conscientious Objection to Participation in Abortion by Midwives and Nurses: A Systematic Review of Reasons.Valerie Fleming, Lucy Frith, Ans Luyben & Beate Ramsayer - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):31.
    Freedom of conscience is a core element of human rights respected by most European countries. It allows abortion through the inclusion of a conscience clause, which permits opting out of providing such services. However, the grounds for invoking conscientious objection lack clarity. Our aim in this paper is to take a step in this direction by carrying out a systematic review of reasons by midwives and nurses for declining, on conscience grounds, to participate in abortion. We conducted a systematic review (...)
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  4.  7
    Public Involvement in the Governance of Population-Level Biomedical Research: Unresolved Questions and Future Directions.Sonja Erikainen, Phoebe Friesen, Leah Rand, Karin Jongsma, Michael Dunn, Annie Sorbie, Matthew McCoy, Jessica Bell, Michael Burgess, Haidan Chen, Vicky Chico, Sarah Cunningham-Burley, Julie Darbyshire, Rebecca Dawson, Andrew Evans, Nick Fahy, Teresa Finlay, Lucy Frith, Aaron Goldenberg, Lisa Hinton, Nils Hoppe, Nigel Hughes, Barbara Koenig, Sapfo Lignou, Michelle McGowan, Michael Parker, Barbara Prainsack, Mahsa Shabani, Ciara Staunton, Rachel Thompson, Kinga Varnai, Effy Vayena, Oli Williams, Max Williamson, Sarah Chan & Mark Sheehan - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (7):522-525.
    Population-level biomedical research offers new opportunities to improve population health, but also raises new challenges to traditional systems of research governance and ethical oversight. Partly in response to these challenges, various models of public involvement in research are being introduced. Yet, the ways in which public involvement should meet governance challenges are not well understood. We conducted a qualitative study with 36 experts and stakeholders using the World Café method to identify key governance challenges and explore how public involvement can (...)
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  5.  15
    Tensions Between Ethics and the Law: Examination of a Legal Case by Two Midwives Invoking a Conscientious Objection to Abortion in Scotland.Valerie Fleming, Lucy Frith & Beate Ramsayer - 2019 - HEC Forum 33 (3):1-25.
    This paper examines a legal case arising from a workplace grievance that progressed to being heard at the UK’s Supreme Court. The case of Doogan and Wood versus Greater Glasgow and Clyde Health Board concerned two senior midwives in Scotland, both practicing Roman Catholics, who exercised their perceived rights in accordance with section 4 of the Abortion Act not to participate in the treatment of women undergoing abortions. The key question raised by this case was: “Is Greater Glasgow and Clyde (...)
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  6.  32
    Pandemic Medical Ethics.Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Kenneth Boyd, Brian D. Earp, Lucy Frith, Rosalind J. McDougall, John McMillan & Jesse Wall - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (6):353-354.
    The COVID-19 pandemic will generate vexing ethical issues for the foreseeable future and many journals will be open to content that is relevant to our collective effort to meet this challenge. While the pandemic is clearly the critical issue of the moment, it’s important that other issues in medical ethics continue to be addressed as well. As can be seen in this issue, the Journal of Medical Ethics will uphold its commitment to publishing high quality papers on the full array (...)
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  7.  9
    COVID-19 and Beyond: The Ethical Challenges of Resetting Health Services During and After Public Health Emergencies.Paul Baines, Heather Draper, Anna Chiumento, Sara Fovargue & Lucy Frith - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (11):715-716.
    COVID-19 continues to dominate 2020 and is likely to be a feature of our lives for some time to come. Given this, how should health systems respond ethically to the persistent challenges of responding to the ongoing impact of the pandemic? Relatedly, what ethical values should underpin the resetting of health services after the initial wave, knowing that local spikes and further waves now seem inevitable? In this editorial, we outline some of the ethical challenges confronting those running health services (...)
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  8.  2
    Tensions Between Ethics and the Law: Examination of a Legal Case by Two Midwives Invoking a Conscientious Objection to Abortion in Scotland.Valerie Fleming, Lucy Frith & Beate Ramsayer - 2021 - HEC Forum 33 (3):189-213.
    This paper examines a legal case arising from a workplace grievance that progressed to being heard at the UK’s Supreme Court. The case of Doogan and Wood versus Greater Glasgow and Clyde Health Board concerned two senior midwives in Scotland, both practicing Roman Catholics, who exercised their perceived rights in accordance with section 4 of the Abortion Act not to participate in the treatment of women undergoing abortions. The key question raised by this case was: “Is Greater Glasgow and Clyde (...)
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  9.  13
    The Concise Argument.Lucy Frith - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (4):217-218.
    This issue of the Journal of Medical covers a range of ethical issues and care settings making the task of beginning to summarise these papers challenging. They reflect the diversity of our field, representing different branches of bioethics focussing on specific areas or topics using a variety of methodologies: but how do we categorise these branches of bioethics? What demarks one branch from another? And what function do such categorisations fulfil? From the early days of medical ethics we now have (...)
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  10.  11
    The Point of No Return: Up to What Point Should We Be Allowed to Withdraw Consent to the Storage and Use of Embryos and Gametes?Lucy Frith & Eric Blyth - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (6):637-643.
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  11.  11
    Beneath the Rhetoric: The Role of Rights in the Practice of Non-Anonymous Gamete Donation.Lucy Frith - 2001 - Bioethics 15 (5-6):473-484.
  12.  2
    Contacting Gamete Donors to Facilitate Diagnostic Genetic Testing for the Donor-Conceived Child: What Are the Rights and Obligations of Gamete Donors in These Cases? A Response to Horton Et Al.Lucy Frith - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (3):220-222.
    In their paper Horton et al argue that it is acceptable to contact an anonymous egg-donor to facilitate diagnostic genetic testing for the donor conceived child, despite the donor, ‘indicating on a historical consent form that she did not wish to take part in future research, and that she did not wish to be informed if she was found to be a carrier of a “harmful inherited condition”’. There are a number of claims embedded in Horton et al’s position that (...)
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  13.  46
    How Experience Makes a Difference: Practitioners' Views on the Use of Deferred Consent in Paediatric and Neonatal Emergency Care Trials.Kerry Woolfall, Lucy Frith, Carrol Gamble & Bridget Young - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):45.
    In 2008 UK legislation was amended to enable the use of deferred consent for paediatric emergency care (EC) trials in recognition of the practical and ethical difficulties of obtaining prospective consent in an emergency situation. However, ambiguity about how to make deferred consent acceptable to parents, children and practitioners remains. In particular, little is known about practitioners’ views and experiences of seeking deferred consent in this setting.
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  14.  27
    They Can't Have My Embryo: The Ethics of Conditional Embryo Donation.Lucy Frith & Eric Blyth - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (6):317-324.
    There are substantial numbers of frozen embryos in storage that will not be used by those who produced them for their own fertility treatment. One option for such embryos is to donate them to others to use in their fertility treatment. There has been considerable debate about how this process should be organized. In the US, there are embryo adoption programmes that mediate between those relinquishing embryos and potential recipients. This is a form of conditional embryo donation, where the relinquishing (...)
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  15.  21
    The NHS and Market Forces in Healthcare: The Need for Organisational Ethics.Lucy Frith - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (1):17-21.
    The NHS in England is an organisation undergoing substantial change. The passage of the Health and Social Care Act 2012, consolidates and builds on previous health policies and introduces further ‘market-style’ reforms of the NHS. One of the main aspects of these reforms is to encourage private and third sector providers to deliver NHS services. The rationale for this is to foster a more competitive market in healthcare to encourage greater efficiency and innovation. This changing healthcare environment in the English (...)
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  16.  59
    Use or Ornament? Clinical Ethics Committees in Infertility Units: A Qualitative Study.Lucy Frith - 2009 - Clinical Ethics 4 (2):91-97.
    This paper examines the role of clinical ethics committees (CECs) in infertility clinics in the UK, focusing on whether they usefully support infertility clinicians' ethical decision-making. The overall aim of the study reported here was to investigate how infertility clinicians approached and handled ethical problems in their everyday practice and this paper reports on one aspect of these data – what they thought about the use of CECs. This paper gives an overview of what arrangements there are for such committees (...)
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  17.  9
    Managing Ethical Challenges to Mental Health Research in Post‐Conflict Settings.Anna Chiumento, Muhammad Naseem Khan, Atif Rahman & Lucy Frith - 2016 - Developing World Bioethics 16 (1):15-28.
    Recently the World Health Organization has highlighted the need to strengthen mental health systems following emergencies, including natural and manmade disasters. Mental health services need to be informed by culturally attuned evidence that is developed through research. Therefore, there is an urgent need to establish rigorous ethical research practice to underpin the evidence-base for mental health services delivered during and following emergencies.
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  18.  5
    The Limits of Evidence: Evidence Based Policy and the Removal of Gamete Donor Anonymity in the UK.Lucy Frith - 2015 - Monash Bioethics Review 33 (1):29-44.
    This paper will critically examine the use of evidence in creating policy in the area of reproductive technologies. The use of evidence in health care and policy is not a new phenomenon. However, codified strategies for evidence appraisal in health care technology assessments and attempts to create evidence based policy initiatives suggest that the way evidence is used in practice and policy has changed. This paper will examine this trend by considering what is counted as ‘good’ evidence, difficulties in translating (...)
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  19.  15
    Priority Setting and Evidence Based Purchasing.Lucy Frith - 1999 - Health Care Analysis 7 (2):139-151.
    The purpose of this paper is to consider the role that values play in priority setting through the use of EBP. It is important to be clear about the role of values at all levels of the decision making process. At one level, society as a whole has to make decisions about the kind of health provision that it wants. As is generally accepted, these priority setting questions cannot be answered by medical science alone but involve important judgements of value. (...)
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  20.  9
    Patient and Public Participation in Health Care: Can We Do It Better?Lucy Frith, Bridget Young & Kerry Woolfall - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (6):17-18.
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  21.  59
    Empirical Ethics: A Growing Area of Bioethics.Lucy Frith - 2010 - Clinical Ethics 5 (2):51-53.
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  22.  13
    Donor Conception and Mandatory Paternity Testing: The Right to Know and the Right to Be Told.Lucy Frith - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (5):50-52.
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  23. Implications of Socio-Cultural Contexts for the Ethics of Clinical Trials.Richard E. Ashcroft, D. Chadwick, S. Clark, Richard H. T. Edwards & Lucy Frith - 1997 - Core Research.
     
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  24.  1
    Neither ‘Crisis Light’ nor ‘Business as Usual’: Considering the Distinctive Ethical Issues Raised by the Contingency and Reset Phases of a Pandemic.Anna Chiumento, Caroline Redhead, Paul Baines, Sara Fovargue, Heather Draper & Lucy Frith - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (8):34-37.
    We have been researching the distinctive ethical issues raised by what we have called “the reset period,” when non-Covid services resumed alongside the continuing pandemic in the UK. In this commen...
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  25.  42
    General Practice and Ethics: Uncertainty and Responsibility.Christopher Dowrick & Lucy Frith (eds.) - 1999 - Routledge.
    Explores the ethical issues faced by GPs in their everyday practice, addressing two central themes; the uncertainty of outcomes and effectiveness in general practice and the changing pattern of general practitioners' responsibilities.
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  26. A Companion To Ethics. [REVIEW]Lucy Frith - 1992 - Radical Philosophy 61.
     
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  27.  14
    Book Review: Women and Health Care Industry: An Unhealthy Relationship? Peggy Foster, 1995, Open University Press, 224 Pages, £45.00 Hardback, £13.99 Paperback, ISBN 0-335-09472-4. [REVIEW]Lucy Frith - 1997 - Health Care Analysis 5 (2):171-172.
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  28. Humans and Other Animals: Beyond the Boundaries of Anthropology. [REVIEW]Lucy Frith - 1991 - Radical Philosophy 58.
     
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  29.  24
    Institute of Medical Ethics Guidelines for Confirmation of Appointment, Promotion and Recognition of UK Bioethics and Medical Ethics Researchers.Lucy Frith, Carwyn Hooper, Silvia Camporesi, Thomas Douglas, Anna Smajdor, Emma Nottingham, Zoe Fritz, Merryn Ekberg & Richard Huxtable - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (5):289-291.
    This document is designed to give guidance on assessing researchers in bioethics/medical ethics. It is intended to assist members of selection, confirmation and promotion committees, who are required to assess those conducting bioethics research when they are not from a similar disciplinary background. It does not attempt to give guidance on the quality of bioethics research, as this is a matter for peer assessment. Rather it aims to give an indication of the type, scope and amount of research that is (...)
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  30. In Science We Trust. [REVIEW]Lucy Frith - 1992 - Radical Philosophy 60.
     
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  31.  24
    Lockdown, Public Good and Equality During COVID-19.Lucy Frith - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (11):713-714.
    On 22nd September 2020 the UK Government announced new lockdown restrictions to supress the COVID-19 virus, with some areas of England having more restrictive lockdown guidance. Students in a number of cities have been confined to their halls of residences after outbreaks of COVID-19 and in Manchester security guards were preventing students leaving the buildings. The scientific community are, unsurprisingly, divided over the question of how far lockdowns should extend.1 Monday 21st September 2020 saw the publication of two open letter (...)
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  32.  6
    Non-Electoral Representation and Promoting Welfare—Beyond Descriptive Representation.Lucy Frith - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (4):56-58.
    Volume 20, Issue 4, May 2020, Page 56-58.
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  33. Norbert Wiener, The Human Use of Human Beings: Cybernetics and Society. [REVIEW]Lucy Frith - 1990 - Radical Philosophy 54:49.
  34. S. A. Barnett, Biology and Freedom: An Essay on the Implications of Human Ethology.Lucy Frith - 1990 - Radical Philosophy 54:49.
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  35.  7
    The Concise Argument.Lucy Frith - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (1):1-2.
    This post-holiday edition of the JME brings together a number of papers, covering a range of methodologies, surveys on public opinion, the application of developmental neuroscience, comparative risk/benefit questionnaires, scoping reviews and analysis of guidance and health policy, alongside what might be seen as more traditional medical ethics, analysing concepts and advancing arguments. This range of methodologies is suggestive of the kind of discipline that bioethics has become, and how a wealth of disciplinary and methodological perspectives is needed to address (...)
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  36.  23
    Why Health Services Research Needs Bioethics.Lucy Frith - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (10):655-656.
    It is nearly 20 years since Tony Hope wrote an editorial in this journal on Empirical Medical Ethics,1 arguing for both a recognition of the increasing amount of work being done in ‘empirical ethics’ and for its importance as a new direction for medical ethics research. Since then empirical ethics has flourished, with debates over the role of ‘empirical’ data in ethical reasoning producing a growing body of literature and the JME and other bioethics journals regularly publishing empirical studies. While (...)
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  37.  2
    Community Engagement in Genomic Research: Proposing a Strategic Model for Effective Participation of Indigenous Communities.Olubunmi Ogunrin, Mark Gabbay, Kerry Woolfall & Lucy Frith - forthcoming - Developing World Bioethics.
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  38.  1
    Community Engagement in Genomic Research: Proposing a Strategic Model for Effective Participation of Indigenous Communities.Olubunmi Ogunrin, Mark Gabbay, Kerry Woolfall & Lucy Frith - forthcoming - Wiley: Developing World Bioethics.
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