Results for 'Luis Pinto'

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  1. Teoria geral do Estado.Luis Pinto Ferreira - 1957 - Rio de Janeiro,: J. Konfino.
     
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  2. Epistemic Value.John Greco & Luis Pinto De Sa - 2018 - Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Epistemic value is a kind of value possessed by knowledge, and perhaps other epistemic goods such as justification and understanding. The problem of explaining the value of knowledge is perennial in philosophy, going back at least as far as Plato’s Meno. One formulation of the problem is to explain why and in what sense knowledge is valuable. Another version of the problem is to explain why and in what sense knowledge is more valuable than mere true belief or opinion. This (...)
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  3.  37
    Detecting heterogeneous risk attitudes with mixed gambles.Luís Santos-Pinto, Adrian Bruhin, José Mata & Thomas Åstebro - 2015 - Theory and Decision 79 (4):573-600.
    We propose a task for eliciting attitudes toward risk that is close to real-world risky decisions which typically involve gains and losses. The task consists of accepting or rejecting gambles that provide a gain with probability p\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$p$$\end{document} and a loss with probability 1-p\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$1-p$$\end{document}. We employ finite mixture models to uncover heterogeneity in risk preferences and find that behavior is heterogeneous, with one half (...)
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  4.  89
    Asymmetries in Information Processing in a Decision Theory Framework.Luís Santos-Pinto - 2009 - Theory and Decision 66 (4):317-343.
    Research in psychology suggests that some individuals are more sensitive to positive than to negative information while others are more sensitive to negative rather than positive information. I take these cognitive positive–negative asymmetries in information processing to a Bayesian decision-theory model and explore its consequences in terms of decisions and payoffs. I show that in monotone decision problems economic agents with more positive-responsive information structures are always better off, ex ante, when they face problems where payoffs are relatively more sensitive (...)
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  5.  81
    Undecidability and the problem of outcomes in quantum measurements.Rodolfo Gambini, Luis Pedro Garcia Pintos & Jorge Pullin - forthcoming - Foundations of Physics:93-115.
    We argue that it is fundamentally impossible to recover information about quantum superpositions when a quantum system has interacted with a sufficiently large number of degrees of freedom of the environment. This is due to the fact that gravity imposes fundamental limitations on how accurate measurements can be. This leads to the notion of undecidability: there is no way to tell, due to fundamental limitations, if a quantum system evolved unitarily or suffered wavefunction collapse. This in turn provides a solution (...)
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  6. An axiomatic formulation of the Montevideo interpretation of quantum mechanics.Rodolfo Gambini, Luis Pedro García-Pintos & Jorge Pullin - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 42 (4):256-263.
    We make a first attempt to axiomatically formulate the Montevideo interpretation of quantum mechanics. In this interpretation environmental decoherence is supplemented with loss of coherence due to the use of realistic clocks to measure time to solve the measurement problem. The resulting formulation is framed entirely in terms of quantum objects without having to invoke the existence of measurable classical quantities like the time in ordinary quantum mechanics. The formulation eliminates any privileged role to the measurement process giving an objective (...)
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  7.  48
    Experimental Cournot oligopoly and inequity aversion.Doruk İriş & Luís Santos-Pinto - 2014 - Theory and Decision 76 (1):31-45.
    This paper explores the role of inequity aversion as an explanation for observed behavior in experimental Cournot oligopolies. We show that inequity aversion can change the nature of the strategic interaction: quantities are strategic substitutes for sufficiently asymmetric output levels but strategic complements otherwise. We find that inequity aversion can explain why: some experiments result in higher than Cournot–Nash production levels while others result in lower, collusion often occurs with only two players whereas with three or more players market outcomes (...)
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  8.  53
    Undecidability and the Problem of Outcomes in Quantum Measurements.Rodolfo Gambini, Luis Pedro García Pintos & Jorge Pullin - 2009 - Foundations of Physics 40 (1):93-115.
    We argue that it is fundamentally impossible to recover information about quantum superpositions when a quantum system has interacted with a sufficiently large number of degrees of freedom of the environment. This is due to the fact that gravity imposes fundamental limitations on how accurate measurements can be. This leads to the notion of undecidability: there is no way to tell, due to fundamental limitations, if a quantum system evolved unitarily or suffered wavefunction collapse. This in turn provides a solution (...)
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  9. Cut-elimination and a permutation-free sequent calculus for intuitionistic logic.Roy Dyckhoff & Luis Pinto - 1998 - Studia Logica 60 (1):107-118.
    We describe a sequent calculus, based on work of Herbelin, of which the cut-free derivations are in 1-1 correspondence with the normal natural deduction proofs of intuitionistic logic. We present a simple proof of Herbelin's strong cut-elimination theorem for the calculus, using the recursive path ordering theorem of Dershowitz.
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  10.  64
    Comunicación, construcción de la realidad e imaginarios sociales.Juan Luis Pintos - 2005 - Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana 10 (29):37-65.
    The confusion generated in the communicational field by the assumption of a signal theory (Shannon) that searches for effectiveness in the transmission of a message from a transmitter to a receiver, which is generalized as a theory of information or of communication, has proposed an orientatio..
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  11.  1
    El ateismo del último Sartre.Juan Luis Pintos - 1968 - Madrid,: Editorial Razon y Fe.
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  12. La preocupación por la equidad en la evaluación de programas sanitarios.José Luis Pinto Prades & Erik Nord - 2003 - Humanitas 1 (3):221-227.
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  13. Saber, poder y otros imaginarios: observaciones generacionales sobre la universidad.Juan Luis Pintos - 2006 - In Juan Carlos Couceiro-Bueno & Sergio Vences Fernández (eds.), Pensar En Tiempos de Oscuridad: Homenaje Al Profesor Sergio Vences. Universidade da Coruña, Servizo de Publicacions.
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  14.  24
    Vías no realizadas en el cine político chileno: Parodia, extrañamiento y reflexividad.Iván Pinto & Luis Felipe Horta - 2010 - Aisthesis 47.
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  15. Discusión sobre la ponencia del profesor López Calera.Antonio Ruiz Manero, Luis Legaz Lacambra, Angel Sánchez de la Torre, Joaquín Ruiz-Giménez Cortés, Mariano Hurtado Bautista, Francisco de Paula Puy Muñoz, José Delgado Pinto, Terenciano Alvarez Pérez & Elías Díaz García - 1976 - Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez 16:53-90.
     
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  16.  27
    Skewness seeking: risk loving, optimism or overweighting of small probabilities?Thomas Åstebro, José Mata & Luís Santos-Pinto - 2015 - Theory and Decision 78 (2):189-208.
    In a controlled laboratory experiment we use one sample of college students and one of mature executives to investigate how positive skew influences risky choices. In reduced-form regressions we find that both students and executives make riskier choices when lotteries display positive skew. We estimate decision models to explore three explanations for skew seeking choices: risk-loving, optimism and likelihood insensitivity. We find no role for love for risk as neither students nor executives have convex utility. Both optimism and likelihood insensitivity (...)
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  17.  35
    Overconfidence in tournaments: evidence from the field. [REVIEW]Young Joon Park & Luís Santos-Pinto - 2010 - Theory and Decision 69 (1):143-166.
    This paper uses a field survey to investigate the quality of individuals’ beliefs of relative performance in tournaments. We consider two field settings, poker and chess, which differ in the degree to which luck is a factor and also in the information that players have about the ability of the competition. We find that poker players’ forecasts of relative performance are random guesses with an overestimation bias. Chess players also overestimate their relative performance but make informed guesses. We find support (...)
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  18.  23
    A coinductive approach to proof search through typed lambda-calculi.José Espírito Santo, Ralph Matthes & Luís Pinto - 2021 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 172 (10):103026.
  19.  47
    Factor structure, internal consistency and construct validity of the Sheehan Disability Scale in a Spanish primary care sample.Juan V. Luciano, Jordan Bertsch, Luis Salvador-Carulla, José M. Tomás, Ana Fernández, Alejandra Pinto-Meza, Josep M. Haro, Diego J. Palao & Antoni Serrano-Blanco - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (5):895-901.
  20.  19
    Julio Cabrera, Javier Muguerza, Juan Luis Pintos.Luis García Soto - 2020 - Agora 40 (1):1-2.
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  21. La pregunta por la validez de la Constitución.José Luis Serrano Moreno - 2006 - In Ramos Pascua, José Antonio, Rodilla González & A. M. (eds.), El positivismo jurídico a examen: estudios en homenaje a José Delgado Pinto. Salamanca, España: Caja Duero.
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  22.  15
    Chardin et sonPhilosophe.Éveline Pinto - 1997 - Revue de Synthèse 118 (1):37-64.
    « Le vieil original si intelligent, si fou » que Marcel Proust évoque à travers les autoportraits de Chardin, s'est-il dépeint lui-même sous le masque projectif du sage, dans l'un de ses tableaux les plus célèbres, le Philosophe du Louvre? Le maître de la nature morte, voulant s'élever dans la hiérarchie des rangs de I' Académie, a semble-t-il cherché, dans cette oeuvre de jeunesse, à suppléer à « son défaut d'instruction» dans «les humanités», par la représentation d'un personnage au goût (...)
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  23. Naturalism and the Metasemantic Account of Concepts.Sílvio Pinto - 2006 - Abstracta 3 (1):29-45.
    In chapter 5 of his 1992 book A Study of Concepts, Christopher Peacocke claims that his account of concepts can be reconciled with naturalism. Nonetheless, despite Peacocke’s greatest efforts to convince the skeptics that the mentioned accommodation is viable if one accepts his approach to concepts, some suspicion survives. In a recent paper on this very topic, Jose Luis Bermudez raises questions about Peacocke’s supposed naturalization by arguing that the approach in question is not able to make sense of (...)
     
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  24.  41
    Isaac de Pinto (1717–1787) and the Jewish problems: Apologetic letters to Voltaire and Diderot.José Luís Cardoso & António de Vasconcelos Nogueira - 2007 - History of European Ideas 33 (4):476-487.
    Isaac de Pinto was an active financier, economist and homme de lettres. Descending from a Jewish family of Portuguese origin, he lived in Amsterdam, Paris and London. Throughout his life, he enjoyed close relationships and made regular contact with important figures of the European Enlightenment. The main purpose of this article is to show that the concern with the Jewish problems, namely those relating to the difficult economic situation of the Portuguese nation in Amsterdam in the second half of (...)
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  25. Consideraciones sobre el positivismo.Luis García San Miguel - 2006 - In Ramos Pascua, José Antonio, Rodilla González & A. M. (eds.), El positivismo jurídico a examen: estudios en homenaje a José Delgado Pinto. Salamanca, España: Caja Duero.
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  26.  25
    De Ella_ a _Él: caras y máscaras en la “novela” de Mercedes Pinto y en la película de Luis Buñuel.Françoise Heitz - 2011 - Arbor 187 (748):371-381.
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  27.  1
    El esencialismo y el problema del cambio.Silvio Mota Pinto - 2024 - Pensamiento 79 (306):1843-1862.
    Este artículo discute el problema de la permanencia y del cambio. Empieza considerando al esencialismo frente al anti-esencialismo contemporáneo, en un segundo momento, la noción de existencia y, en seguida, las de identidad y cambio. Finalmente, se apela a la naturaleza de la predicación para mostrar que, contra el esencialista, la concepción del cambio de su contrincante sí logra resolver el problema de la unidad semántica de la proposición.
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  28. Actes du colloque, l'E̕urope de la pensée, l'E̕urope du politique: Albi, 5-6 mai 1989.Diana Pinto (ed.) - 1989 - Albi: Dept. du Tarn, Conseil General.
     
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  29.  7
    Estética naturalista: estudos críticos.Júlio Lourenço Pinto - 1996 - [Lisbon]: Imprensa Nacional-Casa da Moeda.
  30.  7
    Guidelines for conscientious objection in Spain: a proposal involving prerequisites and protocolized procedure.Pilar Pinto Pastor, Tamara Raquel Velasco Sanz, Andrés Santiago-Saez, Venktesh R. Ramnath & Benjamín Herreros - 2024 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 19 (1):1-10.
    Healthcare professionals often face ethical conflicts and challenges related to decision-making that have necessitated consideration of the use of conscientious objection (CO). No current guidelines exist within Spain’s healthcare system regarding acceptable rationales for CO, the appropriate application of CO, or practical means to support healthcare professionals who wish to become conscientious objectors. As such, a procedural framework is needed that not only assures the appropriate use of CO by healthcare professionals but also demonstrates its ethical validity, legislative compliance through (...)
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  31.  1
    Franklin Leopoldo e Silva interpreter of Bergson. The ineffability of duration, and the tension immanent to the philosophical discourse.Débora Morato Pinto - 2024 - Discurso 54 (1):160-189.
    The purpose of this text is to examine the nodal points of the interpretation of Bergson presented in “Bergson: Intuição e discurso filosófico”, by Franklin Leopoldo e Silva, in order to make explicit the originality of his circumscription of the problem of language in this philosophy that claims to be intuitive. We argue that the notions of limit and tension are mobilized by the author to demonstrate the inseparable relationship between the critique of discursivity and intuitive access to the absolute (...)
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  32.  2
    The importance and fruitfulness of Bergson: intuition and philosophical discourse and “Reflection and Existence” for my understanding of Bergson’s work.Tarcísio Jorge Santos Pinto - 2024 - Discurso 54 (1):136-148.
    O presente artigo se sustenta fundamentalmente em dois textos seminais de Franklin Leopoldo e Silva que representam uma contribuição essencial em meu caminho filosófico e especialmente na compreensão que desenvolvi e continuo desenvolvendo da filosofia bergsoniana. No meu modo de ver, tais textos iluminam, como poucos grandes textos, a originalidade, a importância e a potência de Bergson para o pensamento contemporâneo. Em diálogo com esses dois textos, associo, preponderantemente, textos do próprio Bergson e outros textos de Leopoldo e Silva, procurando (...)
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  33.  8
    Por que Freud? A resposta de Paul Ricœur.Weiny César Freitas Pinto - 2023 - Revista Guairacá de Filosofia 39 (2).
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  34. Twisted ways to speak our minds, or ways to speak our twisted minds?Luis Rosa - forthcoming - In Waldomiro Silva Filho (ed.), Epistemology of Conversation: First essays. Cham: Springer.
    There are many ways in which a speaker can confuse their audience. In this paper, I will focus on one such way, namely, a way of talking that seems to manifest a cross-level kind of cognitive dissonance on the part of the speaker. The goal of the paper is to explain why such ways of talking sound so twisted. The explanation is two-pronged, since their twisted nature may come either from the very mental states that the speaker thereby makes manifest, (...)
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  35.  30
    Exploring the limits of dissent: the case of shooting bias.Manuela Fernandez Pinto & Anna Leuschner - 2022 - Synthese 200 (4):1-19.
    The shooting bias hypothesis aims to explain the disproportionate number of minorities killed by police. We present the evidence mounting in support of the existence of shooting bias and then focus on two dissenting studies. We examine these studies in light of Biddle and Leuschner’s “inductive risk account of epistemically detrimental dissent” and conclude that, although they meet this account only partially, the studies are in fact epistemically and socially detrimental as they contribute to racism in society and to a (...)
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  36.  73
    Dynamics of Epidemiological Models.Alberto Pinto, Maíra Aguiar, José Martins & Nico Stollenwerk - 2010 - Acta Biotheoretica 58 (4):381-389.
    We study the SIS and SIRI epidemic models discussing different approaches to compute the thresholds that determine the appearance of an epidemic disease. The stochastic SIS model is a well known mathematical model, studied in several contexts. Here, we present recursively derivations of the dynamic equations for all the moments and we derive the stationary states of the state variables using the moment closure method. We observe that the steady states give a good approximation of the quasi-stationary states of the (...)
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  37.  38
    Democratizing Strategies for Industry-Funded Medical Research: A Cautionary Tale.Manuela Fernández Pinto - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (5):882-894.
    The article examines the process of niche standardization in medical research as an example of democratizing strategies implemented in industry-funded science. I argue that niche standardization can lead to undesirable epistemic and ethical consequences, if the various goals of research are not properly aligned. I examine two examples: the case of Sarafem, approved for the treatment of premenstrual dysphoric disorder in women, and the case of BiDil, approved for exclusive use in African Americans for the treatment of congestive heart failure. (...)
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  38.  21
    Scientific Imperialism: Exploring the Boundaries of Interdisciplinarity.Manuela Fernandez Pinto, Uskali Mäki & Adrian Walsh (eds.) - 2019 - Routledge.
    The growing body of research on interdisciplinarity has encouraged a more in depth analysis of the relations that hold among academic disciplines. In particular, the incursion of one scientific discipline into another discipline’s traditional domain, also known as scientific imperialism, has been a matter of increasing debate. Following this trend, Scientific Imperialism aims to bring together philosophers of science and historians of science interested in the topic of scientific imperialism and, in particular, interested in the conceptual clarification, empirical identification, and (...)
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  39.  3
    A heresia política de Espinosa.F. Cabral Pinto - 1990 - Lisboa: Livros Horizonte.
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  40. Trabalho Colaborativo: um conceito polissêmico // Collaborative Work: a polysemic concept.Carmem Lúcia Lascano Pinto & Leite - 2014 - Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 19 (3):143-170.
    O Trabalho colaborativo é apontado como um suporte aos desafios existentes no campo educacional, ocupando lugar central em inúmeras políticas educativas. Entretanto, a complexidade do conceito nem sempre é apreendida pelos envolvidos nestes processos. O artigo apresenta resultados de uma pesquisa com o objetivo de dentificar os sentidos da concepção de Trabalho Colaborativo, e a relação que lhe é atribuída com a aprendizagem. Para isso, recorre a opiniões de diretora e professoras de uma escola de educação básica, e professores do (...)
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  41. " Las acciones apropiadas":" La mediación" en el pensamiento de Guy Debord.José Manuel Gomes Pinto - 2005 - In Antonio Notario Ruiz (ed.), Contrapuntos estéticos. Salamanca: Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca.
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  42.  6
    El siglo XVIII en la pre-ilustración salmantina: vida y pensamiento de Luis de Losada (1681-1748).Juan Luis Cortina Iceta - 1981 - Madrid: CSIC, Instituto Enrique Flórez.
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  43.  32
    Scientific ignorance: Probing the limits of scientific research and knowledge production.Manuela Fernández Pinto - 2019 - Theoria. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science 34 (2):195.
    The aim of the paper is to clarify the concept of scientific ignorance: what is it, what are its sources, and when is it epistemically detrimental for science. I present a taxonomy of scientific ignorance, distinguishing between intrinsic and extrinsic sources. I argue that the latter can create a detrimental epistemic gap, which have significant epistemic and social consequences. I provide three examples from medical research to illustrate this point. To conclude, I claim that while some types of scientific ignorance (...)
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  44.  19
    Le second tour des élections brésiliennes de 1989 : stratégies discursives des candidats.Célia Regina Jardim Pinto - 1991 - Hermes 8:47.
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  45.  11
    The Account of Warrants in Bermejo-Luque’s Giving Reasons.Robert C. Pinto - 2011 - Theoria 26 (3):311-320.
    This paper highlights the difference between Lilian Bermejo-Luque’s account of warrants with the quite different accounts of warrants offered by Toulmin, Hitchcock, and myself, and lays out some of the reasons why I think a “Toulminesque” account of warrants captures crucial aspects of arguing more adequately than her account does.
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  46.  28
    Algebraizable logics and a functorial encoding of its morphisms.Darllan Conceição Pinto & Hugo Luiz Mariano - 2017 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 25 (4):524-561.
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  47. Suspending judgment the correct way.Luis Rosa - 2023 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 66 (10):2001-2023.
    In this paper I present reasons for us to accept the hypothesis that suspended judgment has correctness conditions, just like beliefs do. Roughly put, the idea is that suspended judgment about p is correct when both p and ¬p might be true in view of certain facts that characterize the subject’s situation. The reasons to accept that hypothesis are broadly theoretical ones: it adds unifying power to our epistemological theories, it delivers good and conservative consequences, and it allows us to (...)
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  48.  94
    Economics Imperialism in Social Epistemology: A Critical Assessment.Manuela Fernández Pinto - 2016 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 46 (5):443-472.
    Expanding on recent philosophical contributions to the conceptual and normative framework of scientific imperialism, I examine whether the economics approach to social epistemology can be considered a case of economics imperialism and determine whether economics’ explanatory expansionism appropriately contributes to this philosophical subfield or not. I argue first that the economics approach to social epistemology counts as a case of economics imperialism under a broad conception of the term, and second that we have good reasons to doubt the appropriateness of (...)
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  49. Como Ser um Naturalista Filosófico Responsável?Luis R. G. Oliveira - 2017 - Revista Brasileira de Filosofia da Religião 4 (1):9-25.
    Um alinhamento responsável à alguma versão do naturalismo filosófico requer a articulação explicita e cuidadosa de um argumento em sua defesa. Em quatro passos, o texto que segue abaixo expande e examina a validade de um argumento que é frequentemente rascunhado em favor do naturalismo. Como veremos, contudo, a versão do naturalismo que esse argumento nos permite é um pouco diferente dos naturalismos filosóficos mais populares.
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  50.  5
    Incoherences in Dialogues and their Formalization Focus on Dialogues with Schizophrenic Individuals.Christophe Fouqueré, Jean-Jacques Pinto & Myriam Quatrini - 2021 - In Maxime Amblard, Michel Musiol & Manuel Rebuschi (eds.), (In)Coherence of Discourse: Formal and Conceptual Issues of Language. Dordrecht: Springer Verlag. pp. 91-115.
    We focus in this paper on the potential uses of Ludics, a logical framework based on recent developments in proof theory, for modeling natural language dialogues. The aim is to be able to grasp and to account for some aspects of incoherence in discourses. Among the properties relevant for studying dialogues, two features of Ludics are of interest for our purpose: the duality of viewpoints of two interlocutors as well as the possibility of ruptures. We illustrate first the potential usefulness (...)
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