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Luiz Henrique de A. Dutra [18]Luiz Henrique de Araújo Dutra [11]
  1.  18
    Behaviorismo, operacionalismo E a ciência do comportamento científico.Luiz Henrique de Araújo Dutra - 2004 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 9 (2).
    Este artigo procura discutir a concepção behaviorista radical de Skinner sobre as regras metodológicas e as leis científicas. Skinner é basicamente simpático ao operacionismo porque, de acordo com essa concepção, as possíveis leis psicológicas não são interpretadas de forma realista (e mentalista), mas como uma forma de controlar e modelar o comportamento. Como a análise do comportamento é aplicada à própria ciência, é natural esperar que os behavioristas defendam uma filosofia operacionista da ciência. Mas Skinner também é um crítico do (...)
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  2.  25
    Réalisme Et Fictionalisme Chez Claude Bernard.Luiz Henrique de A. Dutra - 1999 - Dialogue 38 (4):719-742.
    ABSTRACT: Ian Hacking puts forward a distinction between two kinds of scientific realism. According to scientific realism about theories, scientific theories are accepted as approximately true; according to scientific realism about unobservable entities, the theoretical terms occurring in scientific theories refer to existing, real entities. This article seeks to show that Claude Bernard's philosophy of science is a realist one about scientific theories, but anti-realist about unobservable entities. The term "fictionalism" is used here to stand for this sort of anti-realism (...)
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  3.  8
    Os modelos e a pragmática da investigação.Luiz Henrique de Araújo Dutra - 2005 - Scientiae Studia 3 (2):205-232.
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  4.  8
    A beleza está nos olhos de que a vê? A percepção de realidades abstratas.Luiz Henrique de Araújo Dutra - 2017 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 21 (2):251-289.
    This paper argues for a version of perspectival realism as to abstract objects. Differently from bodies and mental states, abstract realities are supposed to be always unobservable objects, things never given in perception. Contrary to this received view, this paper tries to show that abstract objects can be perceived, even though people aren’t currently aware of perceiving them. Moreover, in order to perceive abstract objects we must be accordingly equipped. Our equipment to perceive abstract objects involves not only retino-cortical elements, (...)
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  5.  11
    A ciência E o conhecimento humano como construção de modelos.Luiz Henrique de Araújo Dutra - 2006 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 11 (2):247-286.
    In this paper, I try to argue that both science, as a specific kind of knowledge, and human knowledge in general are activities of constructing models. In the first part, I present my conception according to which scientific models are abstract entities, and that scientific theories may be interpreted as classes of models as abstract replicas of real settings, in which certain laws apply. In the second part, I try to extend that same conception to ordinary human knowledge, particularly to (...)
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  6.  8
    Claude Bernard e o determinismo mental.Luiz Henrique de Araújo Dutra - 2003 - Human Nature 5 (2):351-391.
    Este artigo procura discutir o monismo de Claude Bernard na filosofia da mente e da psicologia. Ele se recusa a aderir tanto ao materialismo quanto ao espiritualismo. Sua doutrina de que a psicologia deriva diretamente da fisiologia das funções do cérebro se destina a promover um tipo de psicologia experimental compatível com a idéia de que os fenômenos vitais devem ser explicados como fenômenos físicos e químicos que ocorrem dentro do organismo, mas regidos por leis biológicas.This paper seeks to discuss (...)
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  7.  2
    Consciência E Liberdade.Luiz Henrique De Araújo Dutra - 2019 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 64 (2):30757.
    Este artigo apresenta um modelo do agente livre compatível com as teorias evolutivas e neurofisiológicas da mente e com base especificamente nas noções de liberdade em situação, de Sartre, e de racionalidade limitada, de Simon. Além disso, a noção de agência de controle de Skinner é generalizada, sendo aplicada também ao caso de estruturas cerebrais. O agente livre é descrito como o indivíduo humano cujo eu consciente escolhe e decide no contexto de múltiplas determinações tanto ambientais quanto neurofisiológicas. A autonomia (...)
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  8.  11
    Crença, regra e ação.Luiz Henrique de Araújo Dutra - 2010 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 14 (2):279-308.
    In this paper I analyze the relation between ascribing knowledge to a human agent in two kinds of circumstances, namely acting according to environmental contingences and acting according to a rule. My discussion begins with the distinction I put forward between descriptive and explicative hypotheses. After relating the notions of rule and belief, I try to support the idea that modifications in overt behavior are prior to any ascriptions of knowledge to an agent, connecting this topic with processes of investigation. (...)
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  9.  3
    Crença, regra e ação DOI:10.5007/1808-1711.2010v14n2p279.Luiz Henrique de Araújo Dutra - 2010 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 14 (2):279-308.
    In this paper I analyze the relation between ascribing knowledge to a human agent in two kinds of circumstances, namely acting according to environmental contingences and acting according to a rule. My discussion begins with the distinction I put forward between descriptive and explicative hypotheses. After relating the notions of rule and belief, I try to support the idea that modifications in overt behavior are prior to any ascriptions of knowledge to an agent, connecting this topic with processes of investigation. (...)
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  10. Cdd: 149.73 salvar a investigação.Luiz Henrique de A. Dutra - 1997 - Manuscrito 20.
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  11.  20
    Emergence and Perspectivist Realism.Luiz Henrique de Araújo Dutra - 2013 - Scientiae Studia 11 (3):637-665.
    This paper deals with the questions of emergence and complex (mental and social) systems and with downward determination from the viewpoint of perspectival realism. These are issues concerning the foundations of the human sciences, generally speaking, and particularly psychology and sociology. A criterion is put forward, which distinguish metaphysicalfrom ontological (conceptual) problems, and the notions of complex, hierarchic system and causation that would be suitable for those that defend emergence and perspectivist foundations of the human sciences are discussed. Este artigo (...)
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  12.  23
    Emergence Without Levels.Luiz Henrique de Araújo Dutra - 2015 - Scientiae Studia 13 (4):841-865.
    RESUMO Este artigo analisa a questão da causalidade descendente em relação a sistemas emergentes. A partir das considerações de Emmeche, Køppe e Stjernfelt, que são aqui criticadas, e em parte com base naquelas de Pattee, o artigo apresenta uma interpretação do tipo de relação que existe entre as condições de base de um evento e este último, e as relações entre a totalidade de um sistema e suas partes, empregando as noções de comunidade e de finalidade interna, noções essas devidas (...)
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  13.  47
    How Serious is Our Ontological Commitment to Events as Individuals?Luiz Henrique de A. Dutra - 2005 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 9 (1-2):43-71.
    This paper aims at discussing the usage by Davidson as to events of Quine's criterion of ontological commitment. According to Davidson, we are ontologically committed to the existence of events as individuals as we employ literally terms such as ‘Caesar’s death’, for instance. Davidson extends this analysis to actions as well, since actions are human events. One of the consequences of this view is that psychology deals with individual events in a non-lawful way. An alternative view is here proposed, based (...)
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  14.  40
    Models and the Semantic and Pragmatic Views of Theories.Luiz Henrique de A. Dutra - 2008 - Principia 12 (1):73-86.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1808-1711.2008v12n1p73 This paper aims at discussing from the point of view of a pragmatic stance the concept of model as an abstract replica. According to this view, scientific models are abstract structures different from set-theoretic models. The view of models argued for here stems from the conceptions of some important philosophers of science who elaborated on the notion of model, such as Suppe, Cartwright, Hempel, and Nagel. Differently from all those authors, however, the conception of model argued for here is (...)
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  15.  5
    Models Ant the Pragmatic of Investigation.Luiz Henrique de Araújo Dutra - 2005 - Scientiae Studia 3 (2):205-232.
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  16.  7
    Monteiro, Hume e ... Adão.Luiz Henrique de A. Dutra - 1997 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 1 (2):297-304.
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  17.  22
    Naturalismo, Falibilismo e Ceticismo.Luiz Henrique de A. Dutra - 1998 - Discurso 29:15-56.
    Nesse artigo, procuramos mostrar que duas alternativas célebres aos fundacionalismos tradicionais - o falibilismo de Popper e o naturalismo de Quine - apresentam consequências indesejáveis a respeito do problema da base empírica. Propomos uma terceira alternativa - o ceticismo alético -, que pode lidar adequadamente com esse problema. Além disso, compreendemos o ceticismo alético como uma doutrina diferente do ceticismo pirrônico tradicional (e outras versões antigas e modernas de ceticismo), no que diz respeito ao objetivo da investigação, embora ele coincida (...)
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  18.  10
    Realidades Sociais, Cognição e Linguagem.Luiz Henrique De A. Dutra - 2014 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 18 (1):25.
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