Results for 'Luiz Pessoa Anil K. Seth, Zolt��n Dienes, Axel Cleeremans, Morten Overgaard'

340 found
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  1.  35
    Measuring Consciousness: Relating Behavioural and Neurophysiological Approaches.Luiz Pessoa Anil K. Seth, Zoltán Dienes, Axel Cleeremans, Morten Overgaard - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (8):314.
  2. Measuring Consciousness: Relating Behavioural and Neurophysiological Approaches.Anil K. Seth, Zoltán Dienes, Axel Cleeremans, Morten Overgaard & Luiz Pessoa - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (8):314-321.
  3.  32
    Subjective Measures of Implicit Knowledge That Go Beyond Confidence: Reply to Overgaard Et Al.☆.Zoltán Dienes, Ryan B. Scott & Anil K. Seth - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):685-686.
    Overgaard, Timmermans, Sandberg, and Cleeremans ask if the conscious experience of people in implicit learning experiments can be explored more fully than just confidence ratings allow. We show that confidence ratings play a vital role in such experiments, but are indeed incomplete in themselves: in addition, use of structural knowledge attributions and ratings of fringe feelings like familiarity are important in characterizing the phenomenology of the application of implicit knowledge.
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  4.  38
    Partial Awareness Distinguishes Between Measuring Conscious Perception and Conscious Content: Reply to Dienes and Seth.Bert Timmermans, Kristian Sandberg, Axel Cleeremans & Morten Overgaard - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1081-1083.
    In their comment on Sandberg, Timmermans, Overgaard, and Cleeremans , Dienes and Seth argue that increased sensitivity of the Perceptual Awareness Scale is a consequence of the scale being less exclusive rather than more exhaustive. According to Dienes and Seth, this is because PAS may measure some conscious content, though not necessarily relevant conscious content, “If one saw a square but was only aware of seeing a flash of something, then one has not consciously seen a square.” In this (...)
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  5.  77
    Optimizing Subjective Measures of Consciousness.Morten Overgaard, Bert Timmermans, Kristian Sandberg & Axel Cleeremans - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):682-684.
    Dienes and Seth (2010) conclude that confidence ratings and post-decision wagering are two comparable and recommendable measures of conscious experience. In a recently submitted paper, we have however found that both methods are problematic and seem less suited to measure consciousness than a direct introspective measure. Here, we discuss the methodology and conclusions put forward by Dienes and Seth, and why we think the two experiments end up with so different recommendations.
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  6.  36
    Measuring Any Conscious Content Versus Measuring the Relevant Conscious Content: Comment on Sandberg Et Al.Zoltan Dienes & Anil K. Seth - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1079-1080.
    Sandberg et al. show that the Perceptual Awareness Scale scale is sensitive compared to confidence ratings and wagering in detecting accurate perception. They go on to argue that the PAS scale is hence a sensitive measure of conscious perception compared to confidence ratings, a claim disputed here. The fact that some visual content is conscious does not entail that the visual content relevant to making a discrimination is conscious. For example, if one saw a square but was only aware of (...)
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  7.  26
    Post-Decision Wagering Measures Metacognitive Content, Not Sensory Consciousness.Anil K. Seth - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):981-983.
    A recent report by Persaud et al. [Persaud, N., McLeod, P. & Cowey, A. . Post-decision wagering objectively measures awareness. Nature Neuroscience 10, 257–261] addresses a fundamental issue in consciousness science: the experimental measurement of conscious content. The authors propose a novel technique, ‘post-decision wagering’, in which subjects place bets on the correctness of decisions or discriminations. In this note, I critique the authors’ claim that their method “measures awareness directly”.
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  8.  17
    Can Grapheme-Color Synesthesia Be Induced by Hypnosis?Hazel P. Anderson, Anil K. Seth, Zoltan Dienes & Jamie Ward - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  9.  86
    Measuring Consciousness: Is One Measure Better Than the Other?Kristian Sandberg, Bert Timmermans, Morten Overgaard & Axel Cleeremans - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1069-1078.
    What is the best way of assessing the extent to which people are aware of a stimulus? Here, using a masked visual identification task, we compared three measures of subjective awareness: The Perceptual Awareness Scale , through which participants are asked to rate the clarity of their visual experience; confidence ratings , through which participants express their confidence in their identification decisions, and Post-decision wagering , in which participants place a monetary wager on their decisions. We conducted detailed explorations of (...)
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  10.  60
    Detecting Conscious Awareness From Involuntary Autonomic Responses.Ryan B. Scott, Ludovico Minati, Zoltan Dienes, Hugo D. Critchley & Anil K. Seth - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):936-942.
    Can conscious awareness be ascertained from physiological responses alone? We evaluate a novel learning-based procedure permitting detection of conscious awareness without reliance on language comprehension or behavioural responses. The method exploits a situation whereby only consciously detected violations of an expectation alter skin conductance responses . Thirty participants listened to sequences of piano notes that, without their being told, predicted a pleasant fanfare or an aversive noise according to an abstract rule. Stimuli were presented without distraction , or while distracted (...)
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  11.  34
    Measuring Consciousness: Task Accuracy and Awareness as Sigmoid Functions of Stimulus Duration.Kristian Sandberg, Bo Martin Bibby, Bert Timmermans, Axel Cleeremans & Morten Overgaard - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1659-1675.
    When consciousness is examined using subjective ratings, the extent to which processing is conscious or unconscious is often estimated by calculating task performance at the subjective threshold or by calculating the correlation between accuracy and awareness. However, both these methods have certain limitations. In the present article, we propose describing task accuracy and awareness as functions of stimulus intensity as suggested by Koch and Preuschoff . The estimated lag between the curves describes how much stimulus intensity must increase for awareness (...)
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  12. Interoceptive Inference, Emotion, and the Embodied Self.Anil K. Seth - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (11):565-573.
  13. Criteria for Consciousness in Humans and Other Mammals.Anil K. Seth, Bernard J. Baars & David B. Edelman - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):119-39.
    The standard behavioral index for human consciousness is the ability to report events with accuracy. While this method is routinely used for scientific and medical applications in humans, it is not easy to generalize to other species. Brain evidence may lend itself more easily to comparative testing. Human consciousness involves widespread, relatively fast low-amplitude interactions in the thalamocortical core of the brain, driven by current tasks and conditions. These features have also been found in other mammals, which suggests that consciousness (...)
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  14.  36
    Being a Beast Machine: The Somatic Basis of Selfhood.Anil K. Seth & Manos Tsakiris - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (11):969-981.
  15.  64
    The Felt Presence of Other Minds: Predictive Processing, Counterfactual Predictions, and Mentalising in Autism.Colin J. Palmer, Anil K. Seth & Jakob Hohwy - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:376-389.
  16.  54
    Extending Predictive Processing to the Body: Emotion as Interoceptive Inference.Anil K. Seth & Hugo D. Critchley - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):227-228.
    The Bayesian brain hypothesis provides an attractive unifying framework for perception, cognition, and action. We argue that the framework can also usefully integrate interoception, the sense of the internal physiological condition of the body. Our model of entails a new view of emotion as interoceptive inference and may account for a range of psychiatric disorders of selfhood.
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  17. Curious Inferences: Reply to Sun and Firestone on the Dark Room Problem.Anil K. Seth, Beren Millidge, Christopher L. Buckley & Alexander Tschantz - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences (9):681-683.
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  18. Neural Darwinism and Consciousness.Anil K. Seth & Bernard J. Baars - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):140-168.
    Neural Darwinism (ND) is a large scale selectionist theory of brain development and function that has been hypothesized to relate to consciousness. According to ND, consciousness is entailed by reentrant interactions among neuronal populations in the thalamocortical system (the ‘dynamic core’). These interactions, which permit high-order discriminations among possible core states, confer selective advantages on organisms possessing them by linking current perceptual events to a past history of value-dependent learning. Here, we assess the consistency of ND with 16 widely recognized (...)
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  19.  24
    Theories and Measures of Consciousness Develop Together☆.Anil K. Seth - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):986-988.
  20. Relating Behavioural and Neurophysiological Approaches. Anil K. Seth Et Al.Measuring Consciousness - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (8):314-321.
  21.  29
    Response to Gu and FitzGerald: Interoceptive Inference: From Decision-Making to Organism Integrity.Anil K. Seth - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (6):270-271.
  22.  85
    The Functional Utility of Consciousness Depends on Content as Well as on State.Anil K. Seth - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):106-106.
    This commentary considers Merker's mesodiencephalic proposal in relation to quantitative measures of neural dynamics suggested to be relevant to consciousness. I suggest that even if critical neural mechanisms turn out to be subcortical, the functional utility of consciousness will depend on the rich conscious contents generated by continuous interaction of such mechanisms with a thalamocortical envelope. (Published Online May 1 2007).
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  23.  38
    Let's Not Forget About Sensory Consciousness.Anil K. Seth, David B. Edelman & Bernard J. Baars - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):601-602.
    The metacognitive stance of Smith et al. risks ignoring sensory consciousness. Although Smith et al. rightly caution against the tendency to preserve the uniqueness of the human mind at all costs, their reasoned stance is undermined by a selective association of consciousness with high-level cognitive operations. Neurobiological evidence may offer a more general, and hence more inclusive, basis for the systematic study of animal consciousness.
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  24. Identifying Hallmarks of Consciousness in Non-Mammalian Species.David B. Edelman, Bernard J. Baars & Anil K. Seth - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):169-87.
    Most early studies of consciousness have focused on human subjects. This is understandable, given that humans are capable of reporting accurately the events they experience through language or by way of other kinds of voluntary response. As researchers turn their attention to other animals, “accurate report” methodologies become increasingly difficult to apply. Alternative strategies for amassing evidence for consciousness in non-human species include searching for evolutionary homologies in anatomical substrates and measurement of physiological correlates of conscious states. In addition, creative (...)
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  25.  29
    What Behaviourism Can Tell Us About Brain Imaging.Anil K. Seth - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (1):5-6.
  26.  4
    Infer Yourself: Interoception and Internal “Action” in Conscious Selfhood.Anil K. Seth - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  27.  37
    Conscious Visual Memory with Minimal Attention.Yair Pinto, Annelinde R. Vandenbroucke, Marte Otten, Ilja G. Sligte, Anil K. Seth & Victor A. F. Lamme - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (2):214-226.
  28.  2
    Domain-General Enhancements of Metacognitive Ability Through Adaptive Training.Jason Carpenter, Maxine T. Sherman, Rogier A. Kievit, Anil K. Seth, Hakwan Lau & Stephen M. Fleming - 2019 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 148 (1):51-64.
  29.  71
    Gambling on the Unconscious: A Comparison of Wagering and Confidence Ratings as Measures of Awareness in an Artificial Grammar Task☆.Zoltán Dienes & Anil Seth - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):674-681.
    We explore three methods for measuring the conscious status of knowledge using the artificial grammar learning paradigm. We show wagering is no more sensitive to conscious knowledge than simple verbal confidence reports but is affected by risk aversion. When people wager rather than give verbal confidence they are less ready to indicate high confidence. We introduce a “no-loss gambling” method which is insensitive to risk aversion. We show that when people are just as ready to bet on a genuine random (...)
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  30.  3
    Sensorimotor Contingency Modulates Breakthrough of Virtual 3D Objects During a Breaking Continuous Flash Suppression Paradigm.Keisuke Suzuki, David J. Schwartzman, Rafael Augusto & Anil K. Seth - 2019 - Cognition 187:95-107.
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  31.  20
    An Extended Case Study on the Phenomenology of Sequence-Space Synesthesia.Cassandra Gould, Tom Froese, Adam B. Barrett, Jamie Ward & Anil K. Seth - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  32.  18
    Cross-Modal Prediction Changes the Timing of Conscious Access During the Motion-Induced Blindness.Acer Y.-C. Chang, Ryota Kanai & Anil K. Seth - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 31:139-147.
  33.  26
    Response to Ruby Et Al: On a ‘Failed’ Attempt to Manipulate Conscious Perception with Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Prefrontal Cortex.Daniel Bor, Adam B. Barrett, David J. Schwartzman & Anil K. Seth - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 65:334-341.
  34.  13
    Editorial to the Special Issue on Perspectives on Human Probabilistic Inference and the 'Bayesian Brain'.Johan Kwisthout, William A. Phillips, Anil K. Seth, Iris van van Rooij & Andy Clark - 2017 - Brain and Cognition 112:1-2.
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  35.  12
    Individual Differences in the Tendency to See the Expected.Nora Andermane, Jenny M. Bosten, Anil K. Seth & Jamie Ward - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 85:102989.
  36.  57
    Computational Models of Implicit Learning.Axel Cleeremans & Zoltán Dienes - 2008 - In Ron Sun (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Computational Psychology. Cambridge University Press. pp. 396--421.
  37.  37
    Unravelling Intention: Distal Intentions Increase the Subjective Sense of Agency.Mikkel C. Vinding, Michael N. Pedersen & Morten Overgaard - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):810-815.
    Experimental studies investigating the contribution of conscious intention to the generation of a sense of agency for one’s own actions tend to rely upon a narrow definition of intention. Often it is operationalized as the conscious sensation of wanting to move right before movement. Existing results and discussion are therefore missing crucial aspects of intentions, namely intention as the conscious sensation of wanting to move in advance of the movement. In the present experiment we used an intentional binding paradigm, in (...)
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  38.  15
    Do You Need to Be Conscious to Learn to Be Conscious?Axel Cleeremans, Dalila Achoui, Arnaud Beauny, Lars Keuninckx, Jean-Remy Martin, Santiago Muñoz-Moldes, Laurène Vuillaume & Adélaïde de Heering - 2021 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 25 (1):9-11.
    Overgaard and Kirkeby-Hinrup conclude their comment on our Opinion article by asking, ‘Does SOMA entail that animals, children and many adults are not conscious?’ This question is indeed essential, and our answer is a clear: ‘We do not know, nor does anyone else.’ But we want to state right away that we believe they are. In this respect, Overgaard and Kirkeby-Hinrup’s core critique is misguided. We need to carefully distinguish between ethical and scientific considerations. Scientific claims are based (...)
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  39.  18
    The Good, the Bad and the Early Adopters: Providers' Attitudes About a Common, Commercial EHR.Anil N. Makam, Holly J. Lanham, Kim Batchelor, Brett Moran, Temple Howell-Stampley, Lynne Kirk, Manjula Cherukuri, Lipika Samal, Noel Santini, Luci K. Leykum & Ethan A. Halm - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (1):36-42.
  40.  8
    N. F. S. Grundtvig's Conception of Historical Christianity.Morten Kvist & K. Brian Söderkvist - 2005 - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 2005 (1):37-52.
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  41.  14
    The Development of a Sense of Control Scale.Mia Y. Dong, Kristian Sandberg, Bo M. Bibby, Michael N. Pedersen & Morten Overgaard - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  42. Fishing with the Wrong Nets: How the Implicit Slips Through the Representational Theory of Mind.Luis Jiménez & Axel Cleeremans - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):771-771.
    Dienes & Perner's target article is not a satisfactory theory of implicit knowledge because in endorsing the representational theory of knowledge, the authors also inadvertently accept that only explicit knowledge can be causally efficacious, and hence that implicit knowledge is an inert category. This conflation between causal efficacy, knowledge, and explicitness is made clear through the authors' strategy, which consists of attributing any observable effect to the existence of representations that are as minimally explicit as needed to account for behavior. (...)
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  43.  12
    Superparamagnetic Behaviour andT1,T2relaxivity of ZnFe2O4nanoparticles for Magnetic Resonance Imaging.S. Manjura Hoque, C. Srivastava, N. Venkatesha, P. S. Anil Kumar & K. Chattopadhyay - 2013 - Philosophical Magazine 93 (14):1771-1783.
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  44.  2
    The Pragmatic Turn: Toward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science.Andreas K. Engel, Karl J. Friston & Danica Kragic (eds.) - 2016 - MIT Press.
    Cognitive science is experiencing a pragmatic turn away from the traditional representation-centered framework toward a view that focuses on understanding cognition as "enactive." This enactive view holds that cognition does not produce models of the world but rather subserves action as it is grounded in sensorimotor skills. In this volume, experts from cognitive science, neuroscience, psychology, robotics, and philosophy of mind assess the foundations and implications of a novel action-oriented view of cognition. Their contributions and supporting experimental evidence show that (...)
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  45. Knowledge Management's Social Dimension: Lessons From Nucor Steel.Anil K. Gupta & Vijay Govindarajan - 2006 - In Laurence Prusak & Eric Matson (eds.), Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning: A Reader. Oxford University Press.
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  46. Tim Bayne, Axel Cleeremans, & Patrick Wilken (Eds.), The Oxford Companion to Consciousness[REVIEW]Gary Bartlett - 2012 - Philosophical Psychology 25 (3):451 - 455.
  47. Shri Swaminarayan and Taoism.Anil K. Sarkar - 1981 - In Sahajānanda (ed.), New Dimensions in Vedanta Philosophy. Bochasanwasi Shri Aksharpurushottam Sanstha. pp. 2--221.
     
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  48.  59
    An Integration of First-Person Methodologies in Cognitive Science.Overgaard Morten - 2008 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (5):100-120.
    A number of recent publications have argued that a scientific approach to consciousness needs a rigorous approach to first-person data collection. As mainstream experimental psychology has long abandoned such introspective or phenomenological method, there is at present no generally agreed upon method for first-person data collection in experimental consciousness studies. There are, however, a number of recent articles that all claim to provide a unique contribution to such a methodology. This article reviews these suggestions and extracts their core features. It (...)
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  49.  92
    How Do Emotion and Motivation Direct Executive Control?Luiz Pessoa - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (4):160-166.
  50. Implicit Learning: News From the Front.Axel Cleeremans, Arnaud Destrebecqz & Maud Boyer - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (10):406-416.
    69 Thompson-Schill, S.L. _et al. _(1997) Role of left inferior prefrontal cortex 59 Buckner, R.L. _et al. _(1996) Functional anatomic studies of memory in retrieval of semantic knowledge: a re-evaluation _Proc. Natl. Acad._ retrieval for auditory words and pictures _J. Neurosci. _16, 6219–6235 _Sci. U. S. A. _94, 14792–14797 60 Buckner, R.L. _et al. _(1995) Functional anatomical studies of explicit and 70 Baddeley, A. (1992) Working memory: the interface between memory implicit memory retrieval tasks _J. Neurosci. _15, 12–29 and cognition (...)
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