Results for 'Luiz Pessoa Anil K. Seth, Zolt��n Dienes, Axel Cleeremans, Morten Overgaard'

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  1.  36
    Measuring consciousness: relating behavioural and neurophysiological approaches.Luiz Pessoa Anil K. Seth, Zoltán Dienes, Axel Cleeremans, Morten Overgaard - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (8):314.
  2. Measuring consciousness: relating behavioural and neurophysiological approaches.Anil K. Seth, Zoltán Dienes, Axel Cleeremans, Morten Overgaard & Luiz Pessoa - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (8):314-321.
  3.  32
    Subjective measures of implicit knowledge that go beyond confidence: Reply to Overgaard et al.☆.Zoltán Dienes, Ryan B. Scott & Anil K. Seth - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):685-686.
    Overgaard, Timmermans, Sandberg, and Cleeremans ask if the conscious experience of people in implicit learning experiments can be explored more fully than just confidence ratings allow. We show that confidence ratings play a vital role in such experiments, but are indeed incomplete in themselves: in addition, use of structural knowledge attributions and ratings of fringe feelings like familiarity are important in characterizing the phenomenology of the application of implicit knowledge.
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  4.  38
    Partial awareness distinguishes between measuring conscious perception and conscious content: Reply to Dienes and Seth.Bert Timmermans, Kristian Sandberg, Axel Cleeremans & Morten Overgaard - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1081-1083.
    In their comment on Sandberg, Timmermans, Overgaard, and Cleeremans , Dienes and Seth argue that increased sensitivity of the Perceptual Awareness Scale is a consequence of the scale being less exclusive rather than more exhaustive. According to Dienes and Seth, this is because PAS may measure some conscious content, though not necessarily relevant conscious content, “If one saw a square but was only aware of seeing a flash of something, then one has not consciously seen a square.” In this (...)
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  5.  79
    Optimizing subjective measures of consciousness.Morten Overgaard, Bert Timmermans, Kristian Sandberg & Axel Cleeremans - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):682-684.
    Dienes and Seth (2010) conclude that confidence ratings and post-decision wagering are two comparable and recommendable measures of conscious experience. In a recently submitted paper, we have however found that both methods are problematic and seem less suited to measure consciousness than a direct introspective measure. Here, we discuss the methodology and conclusions put forward by Dienes and Seth, and why we think the two experiments end up with so different recommendations.
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  6.  37
    Measuring any conscious content versus measuring the relevant conscious content: Comment on Sandberg et al.Zoltan Dienes & Anil K. Seth - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1079-1080.
    Sandberg et al. show that the Perceptual Awareness Scale scale is sensitive compared to confidence ratings and wagering in detecting accurate perception. They go on to argue that the PAS scale is hence a sensitive measure of conscious perception compared to confidence ratings, a claim disputed here. The fact that some visual content is conscious does not entail that the visual content relevant to making a discrimination is conscious. For example, if one saw a square but was only aware of (...)
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  7.  20
    Can grapheme-color synesthesia be induced by hypnosis?Hazel P. Anderson, Anil K. Seth, Zoltan Dienes & Jamie Ward - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  8.  30
    Post-decision wagering measures metacognitive content, not sensory consciousness.Anil K. Seth - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):981-983.
    A recent report by Persaud et al. [Persaud, N., McLeod, P. & Cowey, A. . Post-decision wagering objectively measures awareness. Nature Neuroscience 10, 257–261] addresses a fundamental issue in consciousness science: the experimental measurement of conscious content. The authors propose a novel technique, ‘post-decision wagering’, in which subjects place bets on the correctness of decisions or discriminations. In this note, I critique the authors’ claim that their method “measures awareness directly”.
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  9.  13
    From Generative Models to Generative Passages: A Computational Approach to (Neuro) Phenomenology.Maxwell J. D. Ramstead, Anil K. Seth, Casper Hesp, Lars Sandved-Smith, Jonas Mago, Michael Lifshitz, Giuseppe Pagnoni, Ryan Smith, Guillaume Dumas, Antoine Lutz, Karl Friston & Axel Constant - 2022 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 13 (4):829-857.
    This paper presents a version of neurophenomenology based on generative modelling techniques developed in computational neuroscience and biology. Our approach can be described as _computational phenomenology_ because it applies methods originally developed in computational modelling to provide a formal model of the descriptions of lived experience in the phenomenological tradition of philosophy (e.g., the work of Edmund Husserl, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, etc.). The first section presents a brief review of the overall project to naturalize phenomenology. The second section presents and evaluates (...)
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  10.  60
    Detecting conscious awareness from involuntary autonomic responses.Ryan B. Scott, Ludovico Minati, Zoltan Dienes, Hugo D. Critchley & Anil K. Seth - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):936-942.
    Can conscious awareness be ascertained from physiological responses alone? We evaluate a novel learning-based procedure permitting detection of conscious awareness without reliance on language comprehension or behavioural responses. The method exploits a situation whereby only consciously detected violations of an expectation alter skin conductance responses . Thirty participants listened to sequences of piano notes that, without their being told, predicted a pleasant fanfare or an aversive noise according to an abstract rule. Stimuli were presented without distraction , or while distracted (...)
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  11.  91
    Measuring consciousness: Is one measure better than the other?Kristian Sandberg, Bert Timmermans, Morten Overgaard & Axel Cleeremans - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1069-1078.
    What is the best way of assessing the extent to which people are aware of a stimulus? Here, using a masked visual identification task, we compared three measures of subjective awareness: The Perceptual Awareness Scale , through which participants are asked to rate the clarity of their visual experience; confidence ratings , through which participants express their confidence in their identification decisions, and Post-decision wagering , in which participants place a monetary wager on their decisions. We conducted detailed explorations of (...)
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  12.  35
    Measuring consciousness: Task accuracy and awareness as sigmoid functions of stimulus duration.Kristian Sandberg, Bo Martin Bibby, Bert Timmermans, Axel Cleeremans & Morten Overgaard - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1659-1675.
    When consciousness is examined using subjective ratings, the extent to which processing is conscious or unconscious is often estimated by calculating task performance at the subjective threshold or by calculating the correlation between accuracy and awareness. However, both these methods have certain limitations. In the present article, we propose describing task accuracy and awareness as functions of stimulus intensity as suggested by Koch and Preuschoff . The estimated lag between the curves describes how much stimulus intensity must increase for awareness (...)
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  13. Interoceptive inference, emotion, and the embodied self.Anil K. Seth - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (11):565-573.
  14. Criteria for consciousness in humans and other mammals.Anil K. Seth, Bernard J. Baars & David B. Edelman - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):119-39.
    The standard behavioral index for human consciousness is the ability to report events with accuracy. While this method is routinely used for scientific and medical applications in humans, it is not easy to generalize to other species. Brain evidence may lend itself more easily to comparative testing. Human consciousness involves widespread, relatively fast low-amplitude interactions in the thalamocortical core of the brain, driven by current tasks and conditions. These features have also been found in other mammals, which suggests that consciousness (...)
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  15. Relating Behavioural and Neurophysiological Approaches. anil K. seth et al.Measuring Consciousness - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (8):314-321.
  16.  60
    Extending predictive processing to the body: Emotion as interoceptive inference.Anil K. Seth & Hugo D. Critchley - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):227-228.
    The Bayesian brain hypothesis provides an attractive unifying framework for perception, cognition, and action. We argue that the framework can also usefully integrate interoception, the sense of the internal physiological condition of the body. Our model of entails a new view of emotion as interoceptive inference and may account for a range of psychiatric disorders of selfhood.
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  17. Neural darwinism and consciousness.Anil K. Seth & Bernard J. Baars - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):140-168.
    Neural Darwinism (ND) is a large scale selectionist theory of brain development and function that has been hypothesized to relate to consciousness. According to ND, consciousness is entailed by reentrant interactions among neuronal populations in the thalamocortical system (the ‘dynamic core’). These interactions, which permit high-order discriminations among possible core states, confer selective advantages on organisms possessing them by linking current perceptual events to a past history of value-dependent learning. Here, we assess the consistency of ND with 16 widely recognized (...)
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  18.  24
    Theories and measures of consciousness develop together☆.Anil K. Seth - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):986-988.
  19.  68
    The felt presence of other minds: Predictive processing, counterfactual predictions, and mentalising in autism.Colin J. Palmer, Anil K. Seth & Jakob Hohwy - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:376-389.
  20.  38
    Let's not forget about sensory consciousness.Anil K. Seth, David B. Edelman & Bernard J. Baars - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):601-602.
    The metacognitive stance of Smith et al. risks ignoring sensory consciousness. Although Smith et al. rightly caution against the tendency to preserve the uniqueness of the human mind at all costs, their reasoned stance is undermined by a selective association of consciousness with high-level cognitive operations. Neurobiological evidence may offer a more general, and hence more inclusive, basis for the systematic study of animal consciousness.
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  21.  85
    The functional utility of consciousness depends on content as well as on state.Anil K. Seth - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):106-106.
    This commentary considers Merker's mesodiencephalic proposal in relation to quantitative measures of neural dynamics suggested to be relevant to consciousness. I suggest that even if critical neural mechanisms turn out to be subcortical, the functional utility of consciousness will depend on the rich conscious contents generated by continuous interaction of such mechanisms with a thalamocortical envelope. (Published Online May 1 2007).
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  22.  5
    Infer yourself: Interoception and internal “action” in conscious selfhood.Anil K. Seth - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  23. Identifying hallmarks of consciousness in non-mammalian species.David B. Edelman, Bernard J. Baars & Anil K. Seth - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):169-87.
    Most early studies of consciousness have focused on human subjects. This is understandable, given that humans are capable of reporting accurately the events they experience through language or by way of other kinds of voluntary response. As researchers turn their attention to other animals, “accurate report” methodologies become increasingly difficult to apply. Alternative strategies for amassing evidence for consciousness in non-human species include searching for evolutionary homologies in anatomical substrates and measurement of physiological correlates of conscious states. In addition, creative (...)
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  24.  21
    Cross-modal prediction changes the timing of conscious access during the motion-induced blindness.Acer Y.-C. Chang, Ryota Kanai & Anil K. Seth - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 31:139-147.
  25.  3
    Sensorimotor contingency modulates breakthrough of virtual 3D objects during a breaking continuous flash suppression paradigm.Keisuke Suzuki, David J. Schwartzman, Rafael Augusto & Anil K. Seth - 2019 - Cognition 187 (C):95-107.
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  26.  30
    Response to Ruby et al: On a ‘failed’ attempt to manipulate conscious perception with transcranial magnetic stimulation to prefrontal cortex.Daniel Bor, Adam B. Barrett, David J. Schwartzman & Anil K. Seth - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 65:334-341.
  27.  13
    Editorial to the special issue on perspectives on human probabilistic inference and the 'Bayesian brain'.Johan Kwisthout, William A. Phillips, Anil K. Seth, Iris van van Rooij & Andy Clark - 2017 - Brain and Cognition 112:1-2.
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  28.  22
    An extended case study on the phenomenology of sequence-space synesthesia.Cassandra Gould, Tom Froese, Adam B. Barrett, Jamie Ward & Anil K. Seth - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  29.  74
    Gambling on the unconscious: A comparison of wagering and confidence ratings as measures of awareness in an artificial grammar task☆.Zoltán Dienes & Anil Seth - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):674-681.
    We explore three methods for measuring the conscious status of knowledge using the artificial grammar learning paradigm. We show wagering is no more sensitive to conscious knowledge than simple verbal confidence reports but is affected by risk aversion. When people wager rather than give verbal confidence they are less ready to indicate high confidence. We introduce a “no-loss gambling” method which is insensitive to risk aversion. We show that when people are just as ready to bet on a genuine random (...)
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  30.  12
    Individual differences in the tendency to see the expected.Nora Andermane, Jenny M. Bosten, Anil K. Seth & Jamie Ward - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 85:102989.
  31.  58
    Computational models of implicit learning.Axel Cleeremans & Zoltán Dienes - 2008 - In Ron Sun (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Computational Psychology. Cambridge University Press. pp. 396--421.
  32. An ethnography and anthropology of anthropologists.Hanne Overgaard Mogensen, Birgitte Gorm Hansen & Morten Axel Pedersen - 2021 - In Hanne Overgaard Mogensen & Birgitte Gorm Hansen (eds.), The moral work of anthropology: ethnographic studies of anthropologists at work. Berghahn Books.
     
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  33.  18
    The good, the bad and the early adopters: providers' attitudes about a common, commercial EHR.Anil N. Makam, Holly J. Lanham, Kim Batchelor, Brett Moran, Temple Howell-Stampley, Lynne Kirk, Manjula Cherukuri, Lipika Samal, Noel Santini, Luci K. Leykum & Ethan A. Halm - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (1):36-42.
  34.  8
    N. F. S. Grundtvig's Conception of Historical Christianity.Morten Kvist & K. Brian Söderkvist - 2005 - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 2005 (1):37-52.
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  35.  37
    Unravelling intention: Distal intentions increase the subjective sense of agency.Mikkel C. Vinding, Michael N. Pedersen & Morten Overgaard - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):810-815.
    Experimental studies investigating the contribution of conscious intention to the generation of a sense of agency for one’s own actions tend to rely upon a narrow definition of intention. Often it is operationalized as the conscious sensation of wanting to move right before movement. Existing results and discussion are therefore missing crucial aspects of intentions, namely intention as the conscious sensation of wanting to move in advance of the movement. In the present experiment we used an intentional binding paradigm, in (...)
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  36.  14
    The development of a sense of control scale.Mia Y. Dong, Kristian Sandberg, Bo M. Bibby, Michael N. Pedersen & Morten Overgaard - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  37. Fishing with the wrong nets: How the implicit slips through the representational theory of mind.Luis Jiménez & Axel Cleeremans - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):771-771.
    Dienes & Perner's target article is not a satisfactory theory of implicit knowledge because in endorsing the representational theory of knowledge, the authors also inadvertently accept that only explicit knowledge can be causally efficacious, and hence that implicit knowledge is an inert category. This conflation between causal efficacy, knowledge, and explicitness is made clear through the authors' strategy, which consists of attributing any observable effect to the existence of representations that are as minimally explicit as needed to account for behavior. (...)
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  38.  14
    Superparamagnetic behaviour andT1,T2relaxivity of ZnFe2O4nanoparticles for magnetic resonance imaging.S. Manjura Hoque, C. Srivastava, N. Venkatesha, P. S. Anil Kumar & K. Chattopadhyay - 2013 - Philosophical Magazine 93 (14):1771-1783.
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  39.  11
    The Pragmatic Turn: Toward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science.Andreas K. Engel, Karl J. Friston & Danica Kragic (eds.) - 2016 - MIT Press.
    Cognitive science is experiencing a pragmatic turn away from the traditional representation-centered framework toward a view that focuses on understanding cognition as "enactive." This enactive view holds that cognition does not produce models of the world but rather subserves action as it is grounded in sensorimotor skills. In this volume, experts from cognitive science, neuroscience, psychology, robotics, and philosophy of mind assess the foundations and implications of a novel action-oriented view of cognition. Their contributions and supporting experimental evidence show that (...)
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  40. Knowledge Management's Social Dimension: Lessons from Nucor Steel.Anil K. Gupta & Vijay Govindarajan - 2006 - In Laurence Prusak & Eric Matson (eds.), Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning: A Reader. Oxford University Press.
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  41. Tim Bayne, Axel Cleeremans, & Patrick Wilken (eds.), The Oxford Companion to Consciousness[REVIEW]Gary Bartlett - 2012 - Philosophical Psychology 25 (3):451 - 455.
  42. Die Macht des Ästhetischen.Manfred Moldaschl, Anil K. Jain & Daniela Manger (eds.) - 2018 - München: Edition Fatal.
     
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  43. Shri swaminarayan and taoism.Anil K. Sarkar - 1981 - In Sahajānanda (ed.), New Dimensions in Vedanta Philosophy. Bochasanwasi Shri Aksharpurushottam Sanstha. pp. 2--221.
     
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  44.  62
    An integration of first-person methodologies in cognitive science.Overgaard Morten - 2008 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (5):100-120.
    A number of recent publications have argued that a scientific approach to consciousness needs a rigorous approach to first-person data collection. As mainstream experimental psychology has long abandoned such introspective or phenomenological method, there is at present no generally agreed upon method for first-person data collection in experimental consciousness studies. There are, however, a number of recent articles that all claim to provide a unique contribution to such a methodology. This article reviews these suggestions and extracts their core features. It (...)
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  45. How do emotion and motivation direct executive control?Luiz Pessoa - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (4):160-166.
  46. Implicit learning: News from the front.Axel Cleeremans, Arnaud Destrebecqz & Maud Boyer - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (10):406-416.
    69 Thompson-Schill, S.L. _et al. _(1997) Role of left inferior prefrontal cortex 59 Buckner, R.L. _et al. _(1996) Functional anatomic studies of memory in retrieval of semantic knowledge: a re-evaluation _Proc. Natl. Acad._ retrieval for auditory words and pictures _J. Neurosci. _16, 6219–6235 _Sci. U. S. A. _94, 14792–14797 60 Buckner, R.L. _et al. _(1995) Functional anatomical studies of explicit and 70 Baddeley, A. (1992) Working memory: the interface between memory implicit memory retrieval tasks _J. Neurosci. _15, 12–29 and cognition (...)
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  47.  54
    Predictive processing as a systematic basis for identifying the neural correlates of consciousness.Jakob Hohwy & Anil Seth - 2020 - Philosophy and the Mind Sciences 1 (II).
    The search for the neural correlates of consciousness is in need of a systematic, principled foundation that can endow putative neural correlates with greater predictive and explanatory value. Here, we propose the predictive processing framework for brain function as a promising candidate for providing this systematic foundation. The proposal is motivated by that framework’s ability to address three general challenges to identifying the neural correlates of consciousness, and to satisfy two constraints common to many theories of consciousness. Implementing the search (...)
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  48.  56
    Statistical learning of tone sequences by human infants and adults.Jenny R. Saffran, Elizabeth K. Johnson, Richard N. Aslin & Elissa L. Newport - 1999 - Cognition 70 (1):27-52.
  49. Introspection and subliminal perception.Thomas Zoega Ramsøy & Morten Overgaard - 2004 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (1):1-23.
    Subliminal perception (SP) is today considered a well-supported theory stating that perception can occur without conscious awareness and have a significant impact on later behaviour and thought. In this article, we first present and discuss different approaches to the study of SP. In doing this, we claim that most approaches are based on a dichotomic measure of awareness. Drawing upon recent advances and discussions in the study of introspection and phenomenological psychology, we argue for both the possibility and necessity of (...)
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  50. Finding out about filling-in: A guide to perceptual completion for visual science and the philosophy of perception.Luiz Pessoa, Evan Thompson & Alva Noë - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):723-748.
    In visual science the term filling-inis used in different ways, which often leads to confusion. This target article presents a taxonomy of perceptual completion phenomena to organize and clarify theoretical and empirical discussion. Examples of boundary completion (illusory contours) and featural completion (color, brightness, motion, texture, and depth) are examined, and single-cell studies relevant to filling-in are reviewed and assessed. Filling-in issues must be understood in relation to theoretical issues about neuralignoring an absencejumping to a conclusionanalytic isomorphismCartesian materialism, a particular (...)
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