Results for 'Luke A. Barnes'

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  1.  9
    Fine-Tuning in the Context of Bayesian Theory Testing.Luke A. Barnes - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (2):253-269.
    Fine-tuning in physics and cosmology is often used as evidence that a theory is incomplete. For example, the parameters of the standard model of particle physics are “unnaturally” small, which has driven much of the search for physics beyond the standard model. Of particular interest is the fine-tuning of the universe for life, which suggests that our universe’s ability to create physical life forms is improbable and in need of explanation, perhaps by a multiverse. This claim has been challenged on (...)
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  2.  5
    A Unified 3D Default Space Consciousness Model Combining Neurological and Physiological Processes That Underlie Conscious Experience.Ravinder Jerath, Molly W. Crawford & Vernon A. Barnes - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6:1-26.
    The Global Workspace Theory and Information Integration Theory are two of the most currently accepted consciousness models; however, these models do not address many aspects of conscious experience. We compare these models to our previously proposed consciousness model in which the thalamus fills-in processed sensory information from corticothalamic feedback loops within a proposed 3D default space, resulting in the recreation of the internal and external worlds within the mind. This 3D default space is composed of all cells of the body, (...)
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  3. Democracy and the Claims of Nature: Critical Perspectives for a New Century.Wilson Carey McWilliams, Bob Pepperman Taylor, Bryan G. Norton, Robyn Eckersley, Joe Bowersox, J. Baird Callicott, Catriona Sandilands, John Barry, Andrew Light, Peter S. Wenz, Luis A. Vivanco, Tim Hayward, John O'Neill, Robert Paehlke, Timothy W. Luke, Robert Gottlieb & Charles T. Rubin - 2002 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In Democracy and the Claims of Nature, the leading thinkers in the fields of environmental, political, and social theory come together to discuss the tensions and sympathies of democratic ideals and environmental values. The prominent contributors reflect upon where we stand in our understanding of the relationship between democracy and the claims of nature. Democracy and the Claims of Nature bridges the gap between the often competing ideals of the two fields, leading to a greater understanding of each for the (...)
     
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  4.  7
    Informed Consent in a Multicultural Cancer Patient Population: Implications for Nursing Practice.D. M. Barnes, A. J. Davis, T. Moran, C. J. Portillo & B. A. Koenig - 1998 - Nursing Ethics 5 (5):412-423.
    Obtaining informed consent, an ethical obligation of nurses and other health care providers, occurs routinely when patients make health care decisions. The values underlying informed consent (promotion of patients’ well-being and respect for their self-determination) are embedded in the dominant American culture. Nurses who apply the USA’s cultural values of informed consent when caring for patients who come from other cultures encounter some ethical dilemmas. This descriptive study, conducted with Latino, Chinese and Anglo-American cancer patients in a large, public, west-coast (...)
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  5.  12
    Geraint F. Lewis and Luke A. Barnes. A Fortunate Universe: Life in a Finely Tuned Cosmos. [REVIEW]Yann Benétreau-Dupin - 2017 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 201706.
    This new book by cosmologists Geraint F. Lewis and Luke A. Barnes is another entry in the long list of cosmology-centered physics books intended for a large audience. While many such books aim at advancing a novel scientific theory, this one has no such scientific pretense. Its goals are to assert that the universe is fine-tuned for life, to defend that this fact can reasonably motivate further scientific inquiry as to why it is so, and to show that (...)
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  6. The Complete Works of Aristotle the Revised Oxford Translation /Edited by Jonathan Barnes. --.Jonathan Aristotle, J. A. Barnes, W. D. Smith & Ross - 1984
     
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  7.  3
    A Novel Early Diagnosis System for Mild Cognitive Impairment Based on Local Region Analysis: A Pilot Study.Fatma E. A. El-Gamal, Mohammed M. Elmogy, Mohammed Ghazal, Ahmed Atwan, Manuel F. Casanova, Gregory N. Barnes, Robert Keynton, Ayman S. El-Baz & Ashraf Khalil - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  8.  8
    The Forms of Value. The Extension of a Hedonistic Axiology.Winston H. F. Barnes & A. L. Hilliard - 1952 - Philosophical Quarterly 2 (9):379.
  9.  5
    Impact of the Provider and Healthcare Team Adherence to Treatment Guidelines Intervention on Adherence to National Obesity Clinical Practice Guidelines in a Primary Care Centre.Emily R. Barnes, Laurie A. Theeke & Jennifer Mallow - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (2):300-306.
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  10.  5
    The Empire Strikes Out: A Roundtable on Populist Politics.K. Anderson, R. A. Berman, T. Luke, P. Piccone & M. Taves - 1991 - Télos 1991 (87):3-37.
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  11.  1
    A Resurrection of Relics.A. S. Barnes & Vincent McNabb - 1922 - New Blackfriars 2 (24):707-715.
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  12. Spenser Spherical Imagery in the Mutabilitie-Cantos+ a Conclusion to The'faerie Queene'.A. Barnes - 1994 - Rinascimento 34:377-388.
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  13. Ontic Vagueness: A Guide for the Perplexed.Elizabeth Barnes - 2010 - Noûs 44 (4):601-627.
    In this paper I develop a framework for understanding ontic vagueness. The project of the paper is two-fold. I first outline a definitional account of ontic vagueness – one that I think is an improvement on previous attempts because it remains neutral on other, independent metaphysical issues. I then develop one potential manifestation of that basic definitional structure. This is a more robust (and much less neutral) account which gives a fully classical explication of ontic vagueness via modal concepts. The (...)
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  14. A Theory of Metaphysical Indeterminacy.Elizabeth Barnes & J. Robert G. Williams - 2011 - In Karen Bennett & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics volume 6. Oxford University Press. pp. 103-148.
    If the world itself is metaphysically indeterminate in a specified respect, what follows? In this paper, we develop a theory of metaphysical indeterminacy answering this question.
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  15. Scientific Knowledge: A Sociological Analysis.Barry Barnes - 1996 - Athlone.
    Although science was once seen as the product of individual great men working in isolation, we now realize that, like any other creative activity, science is a highly social enterprise, influenced in subtle as well as obvious ways by the wider culture and values of its time. Scientific Knowledge is the first introduction to social studies of scientific knowledge. The authors, all noted for their contributions to science studies, have organized this book so that each chapter examines a key step (...)
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  16. A Critical Study of John Heil's 'From an Ontological Point of View'.Ross Cameron & Elizabeth Barnes - 2007 - SWIF Philosophy of Mind Review.
    Metaphysicians eager to engage with substantive, thoughtful, and provocative issues will be happy with John Heil’s From an Ontological Point of View. The book represents not only a sustained defence of a specific metaphysical theory, but also of a specific way of doing metaphysics. Put ontology first, Heil urges us, in order to remember that the original fascination of metaphysics wasn’t the question ‘what must the world be like in order to correspond neatly to our use of language?’, but rather (...)
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  17.  52
    A Critical Analysis of Hunters' Ethics.Brian Luke - 1997 - Environmental Ethics 19 (1):25-44.
    I analyze the “Sportsman’s Code,” arguing that several of its rules presuppose a respect for animals that renders hunting a prima facie wrong. I summarize the main arguments used to justify hunting and consider them in relation to the prima facie case against hunting entailed by the sportsman’s code. Sport hunters, I argue, are in a paradoxical position—the more conscientiously they follow the code, themore strongly their behavior exemplifies a respect for animals that undermines the possibilities of justifying hunting altogether. (...)
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  18.  63
    What is a Begriffsschrift?Jonathan Barnes - 2002 - Dialectica 56 (1):65–80.
    Before Frege, the term Begriffsschrift'was used to indicate a language the expressions of which adequately represent the structure of the judgements or concepts which they signify, and a language the written signs of which designate ideas rather than sounds. In 1879 Frege follows . Later he adopts —and with it the Aristotelian theory of language in which it is embedded.
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  19.  35
    Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction.Jonathan Barnes - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    The influence of Aristotle, the prince of philosophers, on the intellectual history of the West is second to none. In this book, Jonathan Barnes examines Aristotle's scientific researches, his discoveries in logic and his metaphysical theories, his work in psychology and in ethics and politics, and his ideas about art and poetry, placing his teachings in their historical context.
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  20.  46
    Beyond Verisimilitude: A Linguistically Invariant Basis for Scientific Progress.Eric Barnes - 1991 - Synthese 88 (3):309 - 339.
    This paper proposes a solution to David Miller's Minnesotan-Arizonan demonstration of the language dependence of truthlikeness (Miller 1974), along with Miller's first-order demonstration of the same (Miller 1978). It is assumed, with Peter Urbach, that the implication of these demonstrations is that the very notion of truthlikeness is intrinsically language dependent and thus non-objective. As such, truthlikeness cannot supply a basis for an objective account of scientific progress. I argue that, while Miller is correct in arguing that the number of (...)
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  21.  2
    A Critical Analysis of Hunters’ Ethics.Brian Luke - 1997 - Environmental Ethics 19 (1):25-44.
    I analyze the “Sportsman’s Code,” arguing that several of its rules presuppose a respect for animals that renders hunting a prima facie wrong. I summarize the main arguments used to justify hunting and consider them in relation to the prima facie case against hunting entailed by the sportsman’s code. Sport hunters, I argue, are in a paradoxical position—the more conscientiously they follow the code, themore strongly their behavior exemplifies a respect for animals that undermines the possibilities of justifying hunting altogether. (...)
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  22.  31
    The Public Life of a Woman of Wit and Quality: Lady Mary Wortley Montagu and the Vogue for Smallpox Inoculation.Diana Barnes - 2012 - Feminist Studies 38 (2):330-62.

    During a smallpox epidemic in April 1721, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu asked Dr. Charles Maitland to "engraft" her daughter, thus instigating the first documented inoculation for smallpox (_Variola_ virus) in England. Engrafting, or variolation, was a means of conferring immunity to smallpox by placing pus taken from a smallpox pustule under the skin of an uninfected person to create a local infection. The introduction of infectious viral matter, however, could trigger fullblown smallpox, and the practice was controversial for both this (...)

    Montagu’s pioneering role in the smallpox debate is undoubtedly significant: she instigated the first smallpox inoculation on English soil, and she was largely responsible for making the practice acceptable in elite circles. My interest in this essay is in the nature and significance of Montagu’s reputation as an inoculation pioneer. I will argue that her reputation was based on the particular combination of her social position as a Whig and an aristocratic woman; her interest in progressive and enlightened forms of social, political, and scientific thought; her standing in influential literary circles; and, not least, the force of her own personality. In broad terms, I offer Montagu’s involvement in the smallpox debate as a case study in a new kind of public role becoming available to elite women in the early eighteenth century — a role that caused considerable discomfort among her peers and in the medical community, and one that stimulated a widespread controversy in print publications of the day. (shrink)
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  23.  6
    A Philosophy of Music Education According to Kant.Adrian Darnell Barnes - 2017 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 51 (2):33-39.
    Since the 1950s, the philosophy shared among many in the field of music education is that music education should "develop the aesthetic potential, with which every human being is endowed, to the highest possible level."1 This philosophy, presented by Charles Leonhard and Robert House in Foundations and Principles of Music Education, highlights theirs and others' philosophy of music education and the arts as a whole. Most notably, John Dewey's Art as Experience, Susan Langer's Philosophy in a New Key, and William (...)
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  24.  10
    On The Social Construction of Reality: Reflections on a Missed Opportunity.Barry Barnes - 2016 - Human Studies 39 (1):113-125.
    The paper recalls my response to Berger’s and Luckmann’s book on reading it shortly after its initial publication. It seeks to convey why it was that I failed to make use of the book at that time, even though I recognised it as an outstanding contribution to my intended field of research, and how later I came to see that this may have been a lost opportunity. The story touches upon diverse important issues including the relationship between epistemology and the (...)
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  25.  3
    Developing Resolve to Have Moral Courage: A Field Comparison of Teaching Methods.David Christensen, Jeff Barnes & David Rees - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 4:79-96.
    Ethics research literature often uses Rest’s Four Component Model of ethical behavior as a framework to teach business and accounting ethics. Moral motivation, including resolve to have moral courage, is the third component of the model and is the least-tested component in ethics research. Using a quasi-experimental design with pretest and posttest measurements, we compare the effectiveness of several methods for developing resolve to have moral courage in 211 accounting students during one semester. Results show that traditional, reflection, moral exemplar (...)
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  26.  2
    Richard Price: A Neglected Eighteenth Century Moralist: PHILOSOPHY.Winston H. F. Barnes - 1942 - Philosophy 17 (66):159-173.
    Over ten years ago Professor A. E. Taylor pointed out that one of the most unfortunate effects of that philosophical conquest of England by Germany in the nineteenth century was the almost complete neglect of the great line of British moralists from Cumberland to Price. Little has been done since then to remedy this defect. There is a widespread study of Bishop Butler by students in our Universities, but as regards the other members of the series, there appear no signs (...)
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  27.  13
    Am I a Carer and Do I Care?Adrian Barnes - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (2):153-161.
    A number of dichotomies bedevil the concept of care, among them, the question of whether healthcare is posited on care or cure. On one side the question is whether it is enough to cure without caring (to cure is to care) and on the other whether caring is sufficient without a cure. This has received attention in recent years from feminists, particularly in the nursing profession, and from renewed interest in virtue ethics. This paper describes a study that was undertaken (...)
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  28. Beyond Truthlikeness: Toward a Linguistically Invariant Theory of Scientific Progress.Eric Christian Barnes - 1990 - Dissertation, Indiana University
    In the 1970's a problem arose for the viability of Popper's truthlikeness project. The problem, in short, was that all plausible measures of the truthlikeness of scientific theories were language dependent. This dissertation is primarily concerned to provide a substitute notion that can do the work 'verisimilitude' was intended to do without suffering from linguistic relativity. It is argued that the notion of 'knowledge', or 'knowledgelikeness', can suffice in this regard. ;Chapter One seeks to convince the reader that the notion (...)
     
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  29. Is Philosophy Possible? A Study of Logical Positivism1: PHILOSOPHY.Winston H. F. Barnes - 1947 - Philosophy 22 (81):25-48.
    The present situation in philosophy is paradoxical. On the one hand, thinking men and women all over the world are exclaiming that, while science has made sufficient advance to satisfy all our material needs, what we most need, and must find if we are not to suffer shipwreck, is a new sense of values, a new religious awakening and a new orientation towards life, in short a new philosophy. On the other hand, many professional philosophers are coming to hold the (...)
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  30. The Minority Body: A Theory of Disability.Elizabeth Barnes - 2016 - Oxford University Press.
    Disability is primarily a social phenomenon -- a way of being a minority, a way of facing social oppression, but not a way of being inherently or intrinsically worse off. This is how disability is understood in the Disability Rights and Disability Pride movements; but there is a massive disconnect with the way disability is typically viewed within analytic philosophy. The idea that disability is not inherently bad or sub-optimal is one that many philosophers treat with open skepticism, and sometimes (...)
     
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  31. Wisdom and Initiation in Gabon: A Philosophical Analysis of Fang Tales, Myths, and Legends.James F. Barnes (ed.) - 2013 - Lexington Books.
    In Wisdom and Initiation in Gabon, Bonaventure Mvé Ondo argues that Fang tales, myths, and legends are components of the foundation of a worldview that sustains and protects a unique, historical Fang identity. The lessons transmitted from generation to generation by these marvelous stories are, Mvé Ondo argues, central to living lives that reflect and perpetuate the eternal truths of the Fang experience.
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  32. What is a Begriffsschrift?Jonathan Barnes - 2002 - Dialectica 56 (1):65-80.
    Before Frege, the term Begriffsschrift'was used to indicate a language the expressions of which adequately represent the structure of the judgements or concepts which they signify, and a language the written signs of which designate ideas rather than sounds. In 1879 Frege follows. Later he adopts —and with it the Aristotelian theory of language in which it is embedded.
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  33. Ahbel-Rappe, Sara and Rachana Kamtekar, Editors. A Companion to Socrates. Blackwell Companions to Philosophy. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2006. Pp. Vii+ 533. Cloth, $149.95. Adams, Nicholas. Habermas and Theology. Cambridge-New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Pp. Vii+ 267. Paper, $29.99. Addis, Mark. Wittgenstein: A Guide for the Perplexed. London-New York: Continuum Press, 2006. Pp. V. [REVIEW]Keimpe Algra, Jonathan Barnes, Jaap Mansfeld, Malcolm Schofield & Shadi Bartsch - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (4):679-683.
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  34.  28
    Abandoning Care? A Critical Perspective on Personalisation From an Ethic of Care.Marian Barnes - 2011 - Ethics and Social Welfare 5 (2):153-167.
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  35. Vagueness in Sparseness: A Study in Property Ontology.Elizabeth Barnes - 2005 - Analysis 65 (4):315–321.
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  36. Scientific Knowledge. A Sociological Analysis.Barry Barnes, David Bloor & John Henry - 1999 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 30 (1):173-176.
     
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  37. Search for a Method.Jean Paul Sartre & Hazel Estella Barnes - 1963 - Vintage Books.
     
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  38.  27
    "Agency" as a Red Herring in Social Theory.Steven Loyal & Barry Barnes - 2001 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 31 (4):507-524.
    University Of Exeter, England The central argument of this article is that there is no fact of the matter, no evidence, however tentative or questionable, that will serve adequately to identify actions "chosen" or "determined" for the purposes of sociological theory. This argument will be developed with reference to the two theorists of the greatest importance in advocating the sociological value of the concept of agency: Talcott Parsons, with his "voluntaristic theory of action," set the scene for the whole agency (...)
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  39. Jill Lepore “Just the Facts, Ma'am,” March 24, 2008. A History of History and Fiction.Elizabeth Barnes, W. B. Berthoff, Charles Brockden Brown’S. Historical‘Sketches & Leo Braudy - 1985 - Journal of the History of Ideas 46:405-416.
     
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  40.  36
    Natural Rationality: A Neglected Concept in the Social Sciences.S. B. Barnes - 1976 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 6 (2):115-126.
  41. Scientific Knowledge: A Sociological Approach.Barry Barnes, David Bloor & John Henry - 1996 - University of Chicago Press.
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  42. Mikael Stenmark, Rationality in Science, Religion and Everyday Life: A Critical Evaluation of Four Models of Rationality. [REVIEW]Michael H. Barnes - 1997 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 42 (3):190-192.
  43. The Making of a Social Disease: Tuberculosis in Nineteenth-Century France.David S. Barnes & Ann Dally - 1998 - History of Science 36 (1):115-121.
     
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  44.  88
    A Suggestion About Value.W. H. F. Barnes - 1934 - Analysis 1 (3):45 - 46.
  45.  18
    The Literature of Possibility; a Study in Humanistic Existentialism.Hazel E. Barnes - 1960 - Journal of Philosophy 57 (13):451-455.
  46.  1
    The Observation of a Dislocation ‘Climb’ Source.K. H. Westmacott, R. S. Barnes & R. E. Smallman - 1962 - Philosophical Magazine 7 (81):1585-1596.
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  47.  4
    On Interpretation: A Critical Analysis.Annette Barnes - 1991 - Philosophical Review 100 (3):503-506.
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  48.  6
    A Prospective Study of the Practical Issues of Local Involvement in National Audit of COPD.C. M. Roberts, D. Lowe, S. Barnes & M. G. Pearson - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (2):281-290.
  49.  11
    Forgiveness, the Moral Law and Education: A Reply to Patricia White.L. Philip Barnes - 2002 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 36 (4):529–544.
  50.  47
    De Mundo Giovanni Reale: Aristotele: Trattato sul Cosmo per Alessandro, traduzione con testo greco a fronte, introduzione, commento e indici. Pp. xv + 358. Naples: Loffredo, 1974. Cloth, L. 9,000. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1977 - The Classical Review 27 (01):40-43.
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