Results for 'Lya Kremer'

306 found
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  1.  13
    Value Education as Perceived by Parents, Teachers and Pupils in Israel.Miriam Ben‐Peretz & Lya Kremer - 1982 - Journal of Moral Education 11 (4):259-265.
    Abstract The perplexity that characterizes moral education was the motive for undertaking this study. A field selection of terminal and instrumental values served as its frame of reference. Two questions were posed by the investigators: Is there any difference in the degree of importance which parents, teachers and pupils attach to these values? Do different schools rate these values differently? A sample consisting of 531 pupils, 251 parents and 38 teachers, randomly selected from five Israeli high schools, were asked to (...)
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  2. Autobiografia/Józef Kremer; przygotował do druku Edmund Kowalski.Edmund Kowalski & Józef Kremer - 1992 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 37.
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  3.  81
    Supervaluation Fixed-Point Logics of Truth.Philip Kremer & Alasdair Urquhart - 2008 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (5):407-440.
    Michael Kremer defines fixed-point logics of truth based on Saul Kripke’s fixed point semantics for languages expressing their own truth concepts. Kremer axiomatizes the strong Kleene fixed-point logic of truth and the weak Kleene fixed-point logic of truth, but leaves the axiomatizability question open for the supervaluation fixed-point logic of truth and its variants. We show that the principal supervaluation fixed point logic of truth, when thought of as consequence relation, is highly complex: it is not even analytic. (...)
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  4.  34
    The Modal Logic of Continuous Functions on the Rational Numbers.Philip Kremer - 2010 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 49 (4):519-527.
    Let ${{\mathcal L}^{\square\circ}}$ be a propositional language with standard Boolean connectives plus two modalities: an S4-ish topological modality □ and a temporal modality ◦, understood as ‘next’. We extend the topological semantic for S4 to a semantics for the language ${{\mathcal L}^{\square\circ}}$ by interpreting ${{\mathcal L}^{\square\circ}}$ in dynamic topological systems, i.e., ordered pairs 〈X, f〉, where X is a topological space and f is a continuous function on X. Artemov, Davoren and Nerode have axiomatized a logic S4C, and have shown (...)
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  5.  37
    The Truth is Sometimes Simple.Philip Kremer - manuscript
    Philip Kremer, Department of Philosophy, McMaster University Note: The following version of this paper does not contain the proofs of the stated theorems. A longer version, complete with proofs, is forthcoming. §1. Introduction. In "The truth is never simple" and its addendum, Burgess conducts a breathtakingly comprehensive survey of the complexity of the set of truths which arise when you add a truth predicate to arithmetic, and interpret that predicate according to the fixed point semantics or the revision-theoretic semantics (...)
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  6.  1
    Pragmatism Today VOLUME 7, ISSUE 2, WINTER 2016.Alexander Kremer - forthcoming - Pragmatism Today.
    TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction: Pragmatists in Venice Alexander Kremer... 5 I. Philosophy and human evolution Persons as Natural Artifacts Joseph Margolis... 8 II. Cultural politics and democracy Is Marx a Pragmatist? Tom Rockmore... 24 The waxing and waning of democracy as a way of life : Some of the economic underpinnings Jane Skinner... 33 Redefining the Meaning of 'Morality': A Chapter in the Cultural Politics of Capitalism Kenneth W. Stikkers... 42 Imperial Irony: Rorty, Richard Henry Pratt and the American (...)
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  7. Plato's Cleitophon: On Socrates and the Modern Mind.Mark Kremer (ed.) - 2004 - Lexington Books.
    The Cleitophon has recently been discovered to be Plato's dialogue introducingThe Republic. In this volume of essays, Editor, Translator, and Author Mark Kremer introduces seminal work that understands The Cleitophon as an ancient discussion of what scholars today refer to as posthumanism and postmodernism. Thoroughly original, this volume is an invaluable resource to all disciplines that attempt to come to terms with our emerging global society.
     
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  8. Pragmatism Today VOLUME 7, ISSUE 1, SUMMER 2016.Alexander Kremer - forthcoming - Pragmatism Today.
    TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction: Pragmatist Perspectives on Science and Technology and Contemporary Dewey Studies Philipp Dorstewitz & Alexander Kremer... 5 I. Pragmatist Perspectives on Science and Technology Useful for What? Dewey's Call to Humanize Techno-Industrial Civilization Steven Fesmire... 11 Will Brain Science Understand and Modify Morality? A Neuropragmatic and Neuro-Ecological Approach to Neuroethics John R. Shook & James Giordano... 20 Undermining Dopamine Democracy through Education: Synthetic Situations, Social Media, and Incentive Salience Mark Tschaepe... 32 We Deweyan Creatures Tibor Solymosi... (...)
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  9.  1
    Den Frieden Verantworten: Politische Ethik Bei Francisco Suarez (1548-1617).Marḳus Ḳremer - 2008 - Kohlhammer.
    Kremer zeigt am Beispiel zwischenstaatlicher Herrschaftsausübung, wie Suárez vom Begriff des gerechten Friedens her seine Theorie des politischen Handelns unter der Perspektive des Heils entfaltet.
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  10.  3
    Dynamic Topological Logic.Philip Kremer & Grigori Mints - 2005 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 131 (1-3):133-158.
    Dynamic topological logic provides a context for studying the confluence of the topological semantics for S4, topological dynamics, and temporal logic. The topological semantics for S4 is based on topological spaces rather than Kripke frames. In this semantics, □ is interpreted as topological interior. Thus S4 can be understood as the logic of topological spaces, and □ can be understood as a topological modality. Topological dynamics studies the asymptotic properties of continuous maps on topological spaces. Let a dynamic topological system (...)
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  11.  4
    Strong Completeness of S4 for Any Dense-in-Itself Metric Space.Philip Kremer - 2013 - Review of Symbolic Logic 6 (3):545-570.
    In the topological semantics for modal logic, S4 is well-known to be complete for the rational line, for the real line, and for Cantor space: these are special cases of S4’s completeness for any dense-in-itself metric space. The construction used to prove completeness can be slightly amended to show that S4 is not only complete, but also strongly complete, for the rational line. But no similarly easy amendment is available for the real line or for Cantor space and the question (...)
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  12.  5
    A Capacity to Get Things Right: Gilbert Ryle on Knowledge.Michael Kremer - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (1):25-46.
    Gilbert Ryle's distinction between knowledge-how and knowledge-that faces a significant challenge: accounting for the unity of knowledge. Jason Stanley, an ‘intellectualist’ opponent of Ryle's, brings out this problem by arguing that Ryleans must treat ‘know’ as an ambiguous word and must distinguish knowledge proper from knowledge-how, which is ‘knowledge’ only so-called. I develop the challenge and show that underlying Ryle's distinction is a unified vision of knowledge as ‘a capacity to get things right’, covering both knowledge-how and knowledge-that. I show (...)
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  13.  19
    Marti on Descriptions in Carnap's S.Michael Kremer - 1997 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 26 (6):629-634.
    This note is a friendly amendment to Marti's analysis of the failure of Føllesdal's argument that modal distinctions collapse in Carnap's logic S2. Føllesdal's argument turns on the treatment of descriptions. Marti considers how modal descriptions, which Carnap banned, might be handled; she adopts an approach which blocks Føllesdal's argument, but requires a separate treatment of non-modal descriptions. I point out that a more general treatment of descriptions in S2 is possible, and indeed is implicit in Marti's informal discussion, and (...)
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  14. Distinguishing Ecological From Evolutionary Approaches to Transposable Elements.Stefan Linquist, Brent Saylor, Karl Cottenie, Tyler A. Elliott, Stefan C. Kremer & T. Ryan Gregory - 2013 - Biological Reviews 88 (3):573- 584.
    Considerable variation exists not only in the kinds of transposable elements (TEs) occurring within the genomes of different species, but also in their abundance and distribution. Noting a similarity to the assortment of organisms among ecosystems, some researchers have called for an ecological approach to the study of transposon dynamics. However, there are several ways to adopt such an approach, and it is sometimes unclear what an ecological perspective will add to the existing co-evolutionary framework for explaining transposon-host interactions. This (...)
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  15.  23
    Indeterminacy of Fair Infinite Lotteries.Philip Kremer - 2014 - Synthese 191 (8):1757-1760.
    In ‘Fair Infinite Lotteries’ (FIL), Wenmackers and Horsten use non-standard analysis to construct a family of nicely-behaved hyperrational-valued probability measures on sets of natural numbers. Each probability measure in FIL is determined by a free ultrafilter on the natural numbers: distinct free ultrafilters determine distinct probability measures. The authors reply to a worry about a consequent ‘arbitrariness’ by remarking, “A different choice of free ultrafilter produces a different ... probability function with the same standard part but infinitesimal differences.” They illustrate (...)
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  16.  56
    Kripke and the Logic of Truth.Michael Kremer - 1988 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 17 (3):225 - 278.
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  17.  68
    The Purpose of Tractarian Nonsense.Michael Kremer - 2001 - Noûs 35 (1):39–73.
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  18.  75
    Sense and Reference: The Origins and Development of the Distinction.Michael Kremer - 2010 - In Tom Ricketts & Michael D. Potter (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Frege. Cambridge University Press. pp. 220--292.
    Frege’s distinction between sense (Sinn) and meaning (Bedeutung) is his most influential contribution to philosophy, however central it was to his own projects, and however he may have conceived its importance. Philosophers of language influenced by, or reacting against the distinction, and historians of philosophy commenting on it, have all contributed to the voluminous literature surrounding it.1 Nonetheless in this essay I hope to shed new light on the distinction by considering it in the context of the development of Frege’s (...)
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  19.  38
    Some Supervaluation-Based Consequence Relations.Philip Kremer & Michael Kremer - 2003 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 32 (3):225-244.
    In this paper, we define some consequence relations based on supervaluation semantics for partial models, and we investigate their properties. For our main consequence relation, we show that natural versions of the following fail: upwards and downwards Lowenheim-Skolem, axiomatizability, and compactness. We also consider an alternate version for supervaluation semantics, and show both axiomatizability and compactness for the resulting consequence relation.
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  20.  64
    Comparing Fixed-Point and Revision Theories of Truth.Philip Kremer - 2009 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 38 (4):363-403.
    In response to the liar’s paradox, Kripke developed the fixed-point semantics for languages expressing their own truth concepts. Kripke’s work suggests a number of related fixed-point theories of truth for such languages. Gupta and Belnap develop their revision theory of truth in contrast to the fixed-point theories. The current paper considers three natural ways to compare the various resulting theories of truth, and establishes the resulting relationships among these theories. The point is to get a sense of the lay of (...)
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  21.  34
    On the Complexity of Propositional Quantification in Intuitionistic Logic.Philip Kremer - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (2):529-544.
    We define a propositionally quantified intuitionistic logic Hπ + by a natural extension of Kripke's semantics for propositional intutionistic logic. We then show that Hπ+ is recursively isomorphic to full second order classical logic. Hπ+ is the intuitionistic analogue of the modal systems S5π +, S4π +, S4.2π +, K4π +, Tπ +, Kπ + and Bπ +, studied by Fine.
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  22. Logic and Language in Wittgenstein's Tractatus.M. Kremer - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (2):327-330.
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  23. Strong Medicine: Creating Incentives for Pharmaceutical Research on Neglected Diseases.Michael Kremer & Rachel Glennerster - 2005 - Ethics & International Affairs 19 (3).
    The authors suggest creating a scheme that offers new incentives for research on diseases disproportionately affecting the poor, with the goal of making development of neglected disease vaccines a lucrative endeavor for pharmaceutical companies.
     
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  24.  11
    Quantified Modal Logic on the Rational Line.Philip Kremer - 2014 - Review of Symbolic Logic 7 (3):439-454.
  25. The Multiplicity of General Propositions.Michael Kremer - 1992 - Noûs 26 (4):409-426.
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  26.  21
    Quantifying Over Propositions in Relevance Logic: Nonaxiomatisability of Primary Interpretations of ∀P and ∃P.Philip Kremer - 1993 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 58 (1):334-349.
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  27.  48
    Intuitive Consequences of the Revision Theory of Truth.Michael Kremer - 2002 - Analysis 62 (4):330–336.
  28.  44
    How Truth Behaves When There's No Vicious Reference.Philip Kremer - 2010 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (4):344 - 367.
    In The Revision Theory of Truth (MIT Press), Gupta and Belnap (1993) claim as an advantage of their approach to truth "its consequence that truth behaves like an ordinary classical concept under certain conditions—conditions that can roughly be characterized as those in which there is no vicious reference in the language." To clarify this remark, they define Thomason models, nonpathological models in which truth behaves like a classical concept, and investigate conditions under which a model is Thomason: they argue that (...)
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  29.  48
    Relevant Identity.Philip Kremer - 1999 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 28 (2):199-222.
    We begin to fill a lacuna in the relevance logic enterprise by providing a foundational analysis of identity in relevance logic. We consider rival interpretations of identity in this context, settling on the relevant indiscernibility interpretation, an interpretation related to Dunn's relevant predication project. We propose a general test for the stability of an axiomatisation of identity, relative to this interpretation, and we put various axiomatisations to this test. We fill our discussion out with both formal and philosophical remarks on (...)
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  30.  52
    Review: From Frege to Wittgenstein: Perspectives on Early Analytic Philosophy. [REVIEW]M. Kremer - 2005 - Mind 114 (454):447-453.
  31.  39
    Mathematics and Meaning in Tractatus.Michael Kremer - 2002 - Philosophical Investigations 25 (3):272–303.
  32.  13
    I. Russell's Merit—the Obvious Interpretation.Michael Kremer - 2012 - In Jl Zalabardo (ed.), Wittgenstein's Early Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 195.
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  33.  77
    Judgment and Truth in Frege.Michael Kremer - 2000 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (4):549-581.
    Thomas Ricketts has developed a powerful interpretation of Frege on judgment, truth and logic. Recently, Ricketts has modified his reading, holding that judgment is an act of knowledge-acquisition; this rules out incorrect judgment. I argue that Ricketts goes too far here. I criticize the textual basis for Ricketts's new view, and show that the interpretive problems which led him to this change can be met without such extreme measures. Thus, I defend Ricketts' earlier view against his own later modification. Along (...)
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  34.  42
    The Argument of "on Denoting".Michael Kremer - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (2):249-297.
  35.  39
    Logic and Meaning: The Philosophical Significance of the Sequent Calculus.Michael Kremer - 1988 - Mind 97 (385):50-72.
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  36.  9
    The Gupta-Belnap Systems ${Rm S}^#$ and ${Rm S}^*$ Are Not Axiomatisable.Philip Kremer - 1993 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 34 (4):583-596.
  37.  48
    The Logical Structure of Linguistic Commitment II: Systems of Relevant Commitment Entailment. [REVIEW]Mark Lance & Philip Kremer - 1996 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 25 (4):425 - 449.
    In "The Logical Structure of Linguistic Commitment I" (The Journal of Philosophical Logic 23 (1994), 369-400), we sketch a linguistic theory (inspired by Brandom's Making it Explicit) which includes an "expressivist" account of the implication connective, →: the role of → is to "make explicit" the inferential proprieties among possible commitments which proprieties determine, in part, the significances of sentences. This motivates reading (A → B) as "commitment to A is, in part, commitment to B". Our project is to study (...)
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  38.  21
    Penelope Maddy: The Logical Must: Wittgenstein on Logic.Michael Kremer - 2015 - Journal of Philosophy 112 (12):671-677.
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  39.  26
    The Logical Structure of Linguistic Commitment I: Four Systems of Non-Relevant Commitment Entailment. [REVIEW]Mark Norris Lance & Philip Kremer - 1994 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 23 (4):369 - 400.
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  40.  40
    How Not to Argue for Incompatibilism.Michael Kremer - 2004 - Erkenntnis 60 (1):1-26.
    Ted A. Warfield has recently employed modal logic to argue that compatibilism in the free-will/determinism debate entails the rejection of intuitively valid inferences. I show that Warfield's argument fails. A parallel argument leads to the false conclusion that the mere possibility of determinism, together with the necessary existence of any contingent propositions, entails the rejection of intuitively valid inferences. The error in both arguments involves a crucial equivocation, which can be revealed by replacing modal operators with explicit quantifiers over possible (...)
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  41.  34
    Must We Choose? Should We?Michael Kremer - 2010 - In Bernhard Weiss & Jeremy Wanderer (eds.), Reading Brandom: On Making It Explicit. Routledge. pp. 227.
  42. Axiomatizing the Next-Interior Fragment of Dynamic Topological Logic.Philip Kremer, Grigori Mints & V. Rybakov - 1997 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 3:376-377.
  43.  91
    To What Extent is Solipsism a Truth?Michael Kremer - unknown
    My title1 is taken from one of the most obscure, and most discussed, sections of an already obscure and much discussed work, the discussion of the self, the world, and solipsism in sections 5.6-5.641 of Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico- Philosophicus.2 Wittgenstein writes: 5.6 The limits of my language mean the limits of my world. 5.61 Logic fills the world: the limits of the world are also its limits. We cannot therefore say in logic: This and this there is in the (...)
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  44.  26
    Dynamic Topological S5.Philip Kremer - 2009 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 160 (1):96-116.
    The topological semantics for modal logic interprets a standard modal propositional language in topological spaces rather than Kripke frames: the most general logic of topological spaces becomes S4. But other modal logics can be given a topological semantics by restricting attention to subclasses of topological spaces: in particular, S5 is logic of the class of almost discrete topological spaces, and also of trivial topological spaces. Dynamic Topological Logic interprets a modal language enriched with two unary temporal connectives, next and henceforth. (...)
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  45.  37
    The Cardinal Problem of Philosophy.Michael Kremer - 2007 - In Alice Crary (ed.), Wittgenstein and the Moral Life: Essays in Honor of Cora Diamond. MIT Press. pp. 143.
  46.  10
    A Capacity to Get Things Right: Gilbert Ryle on Knowledge.Michael Kremer - 2016 - European Journal of Philosophy 24 (4).
    Gilbert Ryle's distinction between knowledge-how and knowledge-that faces a significant challenge: accounting for the unity of knowledge. Jason Stanley, an ‘intellectualist’ opponent of Ryle's, brings out this problem by arguing that Ryleans must treat ‘know’ as an ambiguous word and must distinguish knowledge proper from knowledge-how, which is ‘knowledge’ only so-called. I develop the challenge and show that underlying Ryle's distinction is a unified vision of knowledge as ‘a capacity to get things right’, covering both knowledge-how and knowledge-that. I show (...)
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  47.  40
    Read on Identity and Harmony – a Friendly Correction and Simplification.Michael Kremer - 2007 - Analysis 67 (2):157–159.
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  48.  65
    Wilson on Kripke's Wittgenstein.Michael Kremer - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (3):571-584.
    George Wilson has recently defended Kripke’s well-known interpretation of Wittgenstein against the criticisms of John McDowell. Wilson claims that these criticisms rest on misunderstandings of Kripke and that, when correctly understood, Kripke’s interpretation stands up to them well. In particular, Wilson defends Kripke’s Wittgenstein against the charge of “non-factualism” about meaning. However, Wilson has not appreciated the full significance of McDowell’s criticism. I use a brief exploration of Kripke’s analogy between Wittgenstein and Hume to put this significance in sharp relief. (...)
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  49.  4
    Ryle’s “Intellectualist Legend” in Historical Context.Michael Kremer - 2017 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 5 (5).
    Gilbert Ryle’s distinction between knowledge-how and knowledge-that emerged from his criticism of the “intellectualist legend” that to do something intelligently is “to do a bit of theory and then to do a bit of practice,” and became a philosophical commonplace in the second half of the last century. In this century Jason Stanley has attacked Ryle’s distinction, arguing that “knowing-how is a species of knowing-that,” and accusing Ryle of setting up a straw man in his critique of “intellectualism.” Examining the (...)
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  50.  21
    Soames on Russell's Logic: A Reply.Michael Kremer - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 139 (2):209 - 212.
    In “What is History For?,” Scott Soames responds to criticisms of his treatment of Russell’s logic in volume 1 of his Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century. This note rebuts two of Soames’s replies, showing that a first-order presentation of Russell’s logic does not fit the argument of the Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy, and that Soames’s contextual definition of classes does not match Russell’s contextual definition of classes. In consequence, Soames’s presentation of Russell’s logic misrepresents what Russell took to be (...)
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