Results for 'Lyle S. Maynard'

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  1.  59
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Brian J. Spittle, Samuel M. Vinocur, Virginia Underwood, Robert L. Leight, L. Glenn Smith, Harold M. Bergsma, Robert H. Graham, William M. Bart, George D. Dalin, Lyle S. Maynard, Fred Drewe, Theodore Hutchcroft, Francesco Cordasco, Frank Andrews Stone, Roy R. Nasstrom, Edward B. Goellner, Margaret Gillett, Robert E. Belding, Kenneth V. Lottich & Arden W. Holland - 1981 - Educational Studies 12 (4):431-459.
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  2.  27
    The Science of Art: Optical Themes in Western Art from Brunelleschi to SeuratPerspective as Symbolic Form.Patrick Maynard, Martin Kemp, Erwin Panofsky & Christopher S. Wood - 1994 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 52 (2):243.
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  3.  44
    Expressive Japanese: A Reference Guide for Sharing Emotion and Empathy.Senko K. Maynard, S. Nancy, Paul R. Goldin, Eun-Joo Lee, Duk-Soo Park, Jaehoon Yeon, J. Marshall Unger, Ho-min Sohn, Heisoon Yang & Precy Espiritu - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (2).
  4.  7
    Aristotle and Anglican Religious Thought.John S. Kieffer & Victor Lyle Dowdell - 1944 - American Journal of Philology 65 (3):318.
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  5.  25
    Beethoven's Ninth Symphony: The Sense of an Ending.Maynard Solomon - 1991 - Critical Inquiry 17 (2):289-305.
    The question of what constitutes a finished work is thrown open, reminding us that in certain of his completed autographs Beethoven continued the process that he normally reserved for the earlier stages of composition, setting out further choices, possibilities, and interchangeabilities, including radical alterations in goal as well as detail. In particular, the revision of movement endings was one of his long-standing preoccupations. In works of his middle period, Emil Platen observed, Beethoven continued to make essential alterations in the closing (...)
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  6.  22
    Divine but Not Sacred: A Girardian Answer to Agamben's The Kingdom and the Glory.Lyle Enright - 2019 - Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture 26 (1):237-249.
    Though the literature on the topic has been slim, several recent commentators have identified a close affinity between the philosophical project of Giorgio Agamben, as articulated in his Homo Sacer series, and René Girard's theory of mimetic rivalry with its resolution through sacrificial scapegoating.1 Both are theories of social unity made possible through highly ritualized forms of exclusion. Girard's work posits desire and its conflictual consequences as the ultimate ground for all social systems, while Agamben views the same systems with (...)
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  7.  32
    Perspective's places.Patrick Maynard - 1996 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 54 (1):23-40.
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  8.  43
    Game theory and the evolution of behaviour.John Maynard Smith - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (1):95.
  9.  80
    Radical Probabilism Revisited.Lyle Zynda - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):969-980.
    In this essay, I analyze and critique Richard Jeffrey's radical probabilism. The basic theses defining it are examined, particularly the idea that probabilistic coherence involves a kind of "consistency." The main challenges to Jeffrey's view are (1) that there is an inconsistency between regarding probabilities as subjective and some probabilistic judgments as better than others, and (2) that decision theory so conceived has no normative import. I argue that both of these challenges can be met.
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  10. Framing Cruelty: The Construction of Duck Shooting as a Social Problem.Lyle Munro - 1997 - Society and Animals 5 (2):137-154.
    Australia's Coalition Against Duck Shooting sees duck-shooting as a social problem and as an injustice with moral, legal and environmental consequences. The small animal liberationist group has succeeded in dramatically reducing the numbers of duck shooters in Victoria, which is the home of duck-shooting in Australia. The Coalition's framing work with the public via the electronic media involves three parts: a diagnosis , a prognosis and a motivational frame , all of which construct hunting as a cruel, antisocial blood sport (...)
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  11.  40
    The genetics of language.Lyle Jenkins - 1979 - Linguistics and Philosophy 3 (1):105 - 119.
    Within the context of the study of the genetics of language, Chomskian laws of grammar, such as theStructure-dependence Condition and theA over A Condition, may be usefully regarded to have a status similar to that of Mendelian Laws in classical genetics. In both the case of Chomsky's Laws and Mendel's Laws, formal genetic principles are postulated which abstract away from the physical mechanisms involved and in both cases certain apparent counterexamples mirror a more complex underlying genetic organisation.
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  12.  25
    Caring about Blood, Flesh, and Pain:Women's Standing in the Animal Protection Movement.Lyle Munro - 2001 - Society and Animals 9 (1):43-61.
    Using the results of a survey of animal rights activists, advocates, and supporters, the paper reveals much more convergence than divergence of attitudes and actions by male and female animal protectionists. Analysis of the divergence suggests that the differences between men and women in the movement are contingent upon such things as early socialization, gendered work and leisure patterns, affinity with companion animals, ambivalence about science, and a history of opposition to nonhuman animal abuse by generations of female activists and (...)
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  13.  2
    Coventry Patmore’s Doctrine of Love.Theodore Maynard - 1945 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 20 (3):499-518.
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  14. What's So Funny? Comic Content in Depiction.Patrick Maynard - 2011 - In Aaron Meskin, Roy T. Cook & Warren Ellis (eds.), The Art of Comics: A Philosophical Approach. Wiley-Blackwell.
    This paper addresses standard questions regarding comics and the arts (comics and fine arts, image and word combinations), then poses and addresses the neglected, but deeper and wider--thus philosophical--question, of how depictions, not just words, can have mental contents at all, including light, funny, scathing, comic ones.
     
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  15.  46
    Golly g: Interpreting Spearman's general factor.Lyle V. Jones - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (2):233-233.
  16.  14
    Whitehead's Radically Different Postmodern Philosophy: An Argument for Its Contemporary Relevance (review).James Maynard - 2007 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (4):802-809.
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  17.  35
    Offering and soliciting collaboration in multi-party disputes among children (and other humans).Douglas W. Maynard - 1986 - Human Studies 9 (2-3):261 - 285.
    This paper has aimed to remedy a neglect of multi-party disputes by addressing how those involved in a two-party argument may collaborate with others who are co-present. Collaboration is a complex phenomenon. In the first place, we have seen that disputes, although initially produced by two parties, do not consist simply of two sides. Rather, given one party's displayed position, stance, or claim, another party can produce opposition by simply aligning against that position or by aligning with a counterposition. This (...)
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  18.  32
    From Vilification to Accommodation: Making a Common Cause Movement.Lyle Munro - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (1):46-57.
    The history of the vivisection debate is a case study in the use of vilification not unlike its rhetorical use by adversaries in the pro-life/pro-choice controversy. According to Vanderford, vilification in that debate serves a number of functions: to identify adversaries as ; to cast opponents in an exclusively negative light; to attribute diabolical motives to one's adversaries; and to magnify the opposition's power as an enemy capable of doing great evil. In the vivisection debate, both sides have attempted to (...)
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  19.  49
    Coventry Patmore’s Doctrine of Love.Theodore Maynard - 1945 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 20 (3):499-518.
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  20.  23
    Unfree enterprise.Lyle Estill - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (1):39-43.
    In the completely unregulated microcomputer industry, ethical restrictions to business are often self imposed or put in place by the suppliers of product. This article addresses the problems which can arise from the implementation of authorization programs. It is the history of one product's success in the Canadian marketplace, from the U.S. vendor, to the Canadian distributor, to computer dealers, to the end-user. The focus is on an authorization program, applied after the fact, to a local market which was unwilling (...)
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  21.  15
    Professor Gass's transformations.Patrick Maynard - 1976 - Journal of Philosophy 73 (19):742-743.
  22.  11
    What's So Funny? Comic Content in Depiction.Patrick Maynard - 2012-01-27 - In Aaron Meskin & Roy T. Cook (eds.), The Art of Comics. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 105–124.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Where are the Funnies? Writing Images, Drawing Words Without Words Just Looking Where's the Fun? “What's That For?” Arts and Artifacts Notes References.
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  23.  1
    “Safer to plant corn and beans”? Navigating the challenges and opportunities of agricultural diversification in the U.S. Corn Belt.Rebecca Traldi, Lauren Asprooth, Emily M. Usher, Kristin Floress, J. Gordon Arbuckle, Megan Baskerville, Sarah P. Church, Ken Genskow, Seth Harden, Elizabeth T. Maynard, Aaron William Thompson, Ariana P. Torres & Linda S. Prokopy - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-20.
    Agricultural diversification in the Midwestern Corn Belt has the potential to improve socioeconomic and environmental outcomes by buffering farmers from environmental and economic shocks and improving soil, water, and air quality. However, complex barriers related to agricultural markets, individual behavior, social norms, and government policy constrain diversification in this region. This study examines farmer perspectives regarding the challenges and opportunities for both corn and soybean production and agricultural diversification strategies. We analyze data from 20 focus groups with 100 participants conducted (...)
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  24.  64
    Talbot's Technologies: Photographic Depiction, Detection, and Reproduction.Patrick Maynard - 1989 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 47 (3):263-276.
    Philosophy's only celebration of photography's 150th, the long-neglected philosophical job of clarification: drawing basic distinctions and defining basic conceptions, including photographic depiction, photographic detection, 'photograph of', 'documentary'. More than a lexicon, it explains why photography is important, by historically characterizing it through its uses for depiction, detection, reproduction, all of which have shaped the modern world. By consideration of it as 'mechanical', the paper explains photography's differences from practices with which it shares these functions. Happy birthday, photography.
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  25.  48
    The Animal Activism of Henry Spira (1927-1998).Lyle Munro - 2002 - Society and Animals 10 (2):173-191.
    This paper profiles the animal activism of the late American animal activist Henry Spira, whose campaign strategies and tactics suggest a number of links with the nineteenth century pioneers of animal protection as well as with approaches favored by contemporary animal activists. However, the article argues that Spira's style of animal advocacy differed from conventional approaches in the mainstream animal movement in that he preferred to work with, rather than against, animal user industries. To this end, he pioneered the use (...)
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  26.  18
    How Conservative Are Evolutionary Anthropologists?Henry F. Lyle Iii & Eric A. Smith - 2012 - Human Nature 23 (3):306-322.
    The application of evolutionary theory to human behavior has elicited a variety of critiques, some of which charge that this approach expresses or encourages conservative or reactionary political agendas. In a survey of graduate students in psychology, Tybur, Miller, and Gangestad (Human Nature, 18, 313–328, 2007) found that the political attitudes of those who use an evolutionary approach did not differ from those of other psychology grad students. Here, we present results from a directed online survey of a broad sample (...)
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  27.  19
    "What Will Surprise You Most": Self-Regulating Systems and Problems of Correct Use in Plato's Republic.Patrick Maynard - 2000 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (1):1-26.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Journal of the History of Philosophy 38.1 (2000) 1-26 [Access article in PDF] "What Will Surprise You Most": Self-Regulating Systems and Problems of Correct Use in Plato's Republic Patrick Maynard University of Western Ontario 1. Republic's Third Wave: "On Philosophers" The title of this paper is taken from a line in Book VI of Plato's Republic that appears to reject not only the accounts of moral justice and (...)
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  28.  29
    Toward a Hermeneutics of Memory and Multiple Personality.Randall R. Lyle - 1998 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 5 (2-3):39-43.
    Barnhardt, in “Dissociation: An Evolutionary Interpretation,” makes a case for understanding multiple personality as a “natural”phenomenon resulting from human biological evolution. He also argues that the reason that “multiple personalities” are not encountered more frequently is a result of a social construction encouraging “single” personalities. He concludes that it is from the interaction between the two that ethics derive. In this response I offer an alternative hermeneutic, using memory as the interpretive key, and by introducing Ricoeur’s work on narrative. highlight (...)
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  29.  87
    Five O'clock Here.Lyle E. Angene - 1982 - Analysis 42 (2):78 - 79.
    “But if I suppose that someone has a pain, then I am simply supposing that he has just the same as I have so often had.”—That gets us no further. It is as if I were to say: “You surely know what ‘It is 5 o'clock here” means; so you also know what “It's 5 o'clock on the sun’ means. It means simply that it is just the same time there as it is here when it is 5 o'clock.”—The explanation (...)
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  30.  82
    Arts, Agents, Artifacts: Photography's Automatisms.Patrick Maynard - 2012 - Critical Inquiry 38 (4):727-745.
    Recent advances in paleoarchaeology show why nothing in the Tate Modern, where a conference on "Agency & Automatism" took place, challenges the roots of 'the idea of the fine arts' (Kristeller) as high levels of craft, aesthetics, mimesis and mental expression, as exemplifying cultures: it is by them that we define our species. This paper identifies and deals with resistances, early and late, to photographic fine art as based on concerns about automatism reducing human agency--that is, mental expression--then offers the (...)
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  31.  18
    Shakespeare's georgic nationalism.Katherine Maynard - 1993 - History of European Ideas 16 (4-6):981-987.
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  32. Contesting Moral Capital in Campaigns Against Animal Liberation.Lyle Munro - 1999 - Society and Animals 7 (1):35-53.
    This article addresses a countermovement to the animal liberation movement and its campaigns against vivisection, factory farming, and recreational hunting in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia. As moderate welfarists, pragmatic animal liberationists , and radical abolitionists who advocate animal rights, animal protectionists campaign for animals. The countermovement defends acts that animal protectionists decry. Meanwhile, sociologists accord little study to interplay between the movements . In Buechler's and Cylke's collection of 34 papers on social movements , only one (...)
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  33. The secular icon: Photography and the functions of images.Patrick Maynard - 1983 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 42 (2):155-169.
    'Photo-credit: David Hume': a dialogue showing how application of Hume's three vivacity principles of resemblance, contiguity and causation--even his illustrations of them--not only immediately clarify the main sources of interest in photography, but locate photography in the broad and fascinating history of various functions that images serve us, thereby dispelling ongoing mystification about it. (In the dialogue, Veronica represents our contiguity and causal interests, Miranda [named for a Japanese camera company] our depictive ('resemblance') interests, while Clara serves as philosophical moderator.).
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  34.  21
    Should we reject supervenience analyses of laws, chance, and causation?Lyle Zynda - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (4):587-592.
    Essay review of John Carroll's book, _Laws of Nature_.
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  35.  28
    Everett's “Many-Worlds” proposal.Brett Maynard Bevers - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 42 (1):3-12.
    Hugh Everett III proposed that a quantum measurement can be treated as an interaction that correlates microscopic and macroscopic systems—particularly when the experimenter herself is included among those macroscopic systems. It has been difficult, however, to determine precisely what this proposal amounts to. Almost without exception, commentators have held that there are ambiguities in Everett’s theory of measurement that result from significant—even embarrassing—omissions. In the present paper, we resist the conclusion that Everett’s proposal is incomplete, and we develop a close (...)
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  36.  23
    Focusing attention on physicians’ climate-related duties may risk missing the bigger picture: towards a systems approach to health and climate.Gabby Samuel, Sarah Briggs, Kate Lyle & Anneke M. Lucassen - 2024 - Journal of Medical Ethics 50 (6):380-381.
    Gils-Schmidt and Salloch recognise that human and climate health are inextricably linked, and that mitigating healthcare-associated climate harms is essential for protecting human health.1 They argue that physicians have a duty to consider how their own practices contribute to climate change, including during their interactions with patients. Acknowledging the potential for conflicts between this duty and the provision of individual patient care, they propose the application of Korsgaard’s neo-Kantian account of practical identities to help navigate such scenarios. In this commentary, (...)
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  37. Exploring visitors' willingness to pay to generate revenues for managing the National Elephant Conservation Center in Malaysia.Maynard Clark - 2015 - Forest Policy and Economics 56 (C):9-19.
    Financial sustainability of protected areas is one of the main challenges of management. Financial self-sufficiency is an important element in improving conservation effort in these areas. This study seeks to review best practices in recreational fee systems in different countries and to find a relevant entry fee for a wildlife sanctuary in Malaysia. The revenue of the National Elephant Conservation Center (NECC) in Kuala Gandah, Malaysia, comes from several sources, including the national government, but all these budgetary sources are strained (...)
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  38.  28
    Heidegger's Critique of Rilke: On the Venture and the Leap.Virginia Lyle Jennings - 2005 - Heidegger Studies 21:17-34.
  39. Portraits as displays.Patrick Maynard - 2007 - Philosophical Studies 135 (1):111 - 121.
    Cynthia Freeland’s investigation of four kinds of ‘fidelity’ in portraiture is cut across by more general philosophical concerns. One is about what might be called the expression of persons--the persons or ‘inner selves’ of portrait subjects and of portrait artist: whether either is possible across each of the four kinds of fidelity, and whether these two kinds of expression are in tension. More fundamental is the problem of telling how self-expression is at all possible in any of these forms. Finally, (...)
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  40.  51
    ‘Neuroaesthetics’, Gombrich, and Depiction.Patrick Maynard - 2016 - British Journal of Aesthetics 56 (2):191-201.
    For philosophical readers, a review of biology Nobel laureate Eric R. Kandel’s Age of Insight historical thesis, that today’s ‘neuroaesthetics’ is a continuation of Vienna’s great contributions to modernism from 1900 on, becomes a ‘critical study’, by closely examining Kandel’s valuable account of E.H. Gombrich’s psychology, then, broadly, his own case for the validity of ‘neuroaesthetics’. The article much credits Kandel for recognising and explaining—unlike most philosophers, with their epistemological and metaphysical perspectives—why Gombrich’s Art and Illusion is subtitled ‘Psychology’, since (...)
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  41.  19
    Commentary: Oversight of Engineered Nanomaterials in the Workplace.Andrew D. Maynard - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (4):651-658.
    Research and business investment in emerging nanotechnologies is leading to a diverse range of new substances and products. As workers are faced with handling new materials, often with novel properties, the robustness of current workplace health and safety regulatory frameworks is being brought into question. Here, 12 characteristics of the U.S. occupational safety regulatory framework identified by Choi and Ramachandran are considered in the context of emerging nanotechnologies. The assessment suggests that, as the number of new materials entering the workplace (...)
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  42.  13
    Characterizing the Level of Risk in Pediatric Research: An Ethical Examination of the Federal Regulations.Maynard Dyson & Kayhan Parsi - 2010 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 21 (3):212-220.
    Federal regulations require that the level of risk posed by pediatric research be classified as “minimal,” “greater than minimal,” or “a minor increase over minimal.” Interpretation of the meaning of the levels has produced a significant literature exploring the ethical basis for making these determinations. This article examines the ethical basis of a variety of approaches proposed in the literature for classifying pediatric research risk. These approaches strive to take into account how society decides which risks are routinely accepted for (...)
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  43.  23
    Explanation in Biology.John Maynard Smith - 1990 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 27:65-72.
    During the war, I worked in aircraft design. About a year after D-day, an exhibition was arranged at Farnborough of the mass of German equipment that had been captured, including the doodlebug and the V2 rocket. I and a friend spent a fascinating two days wandering round the exhibits. The questions that kept arising were ‘Why did they make it like that?’, or, equivalently ‘I wonder what that is for?’ We were particularly puzzled by a gyroscope in the control system (...)
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  44. Everett's “Many-Worlds” proposal.Brett Maynard Bevers - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 42 (1):3-12.
    Hugh Everett III proposed that a quantum measurement can be treated as an interaction that correlates microscopic and macroscopic systems—particularly when the experimenter herself is included among those macroscopic systems. It has been difficult, however, to determine precisely what this proposal amounts to. Almost without exception, commentators have held that there are ambiguities in Everett’s theory of measurement that result from significant—even embarrassing—omissions. In the present paper, we resist the conclusion that Everett’s proposal is incomplete, and we develop a close (...)
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  45.  60
    Recommendations for Nanomedicine Human Subjects Research Oversight: An Evolutionary Approach for an Emerging Field.Leili Fatehi, Susan M. Wolf, Jeffrey McCullough, Ralph Hall, Frances Lawrenz, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Cortney Jones, Stephen A. Campbell, Rebecca S. Dresser, Arthur G. Erdman, Christy L. Haynes, Robert A. Hoerr, Linda F. Hogle, Moira A. Keane, George Khushf, Nancy M. P. King, Efrosini Kokkoli, Gary Marchant, Andrew D. Maynard, Martin Philbert, Gurumurthy Ramachandran, Ronald A. Siegel & Samuel Wickline - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):716-750.
    Nanomedicine is yielding new and improved treatments and diagnostics for a range of diseases and disorders. Nanomedicine applications incorporate materials and components with nanoscale dimensions where novel physiochemical properties emerge as a result of size-dependent phenomena and high surface-to-mass ratio. Nanotherapeutics and in vivo nanodiagnostics are a subset of nanomedicine products that enter the human body. These include drugs, biological products, implantable medical devices, and combination products that are designed to function in the body in ways unachievable at larger scales. (...)
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  46.  24
    Powerful Vegan Messages: Out of the Jungle for the Next Generation (A Side We Didn’t See or Hear, chapter).Anne Dinshah, H. Jay Dinshah, Maynard Clark & Maynard S. Clark - 2014 - Malaga, New Jersey: American Vegan Society.
    H. Jay Dinshah, the father of the modern vegan movement in America and founder of American Vegan Society, eloquently explains ethical reasons for veganism. His daughter Anne updates and edits his pioneering writings. Over forty vegan luminaries tell how they were influenced and inspired by Jay. Together they encourage readers to explore ways to promote positive action in the world towards veganism through “dynamic harmlessness.”.
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  47.  6
    Review of Richard Bolton (ed.), The Contest of Meaning: Critical Histories of Photography.Patrick Maynard - 1992 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 50 (1):68-71.
    Editor's errata: Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 52.2 (Spring 1994): 167.
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  48.  25
    Drawing Distinctions I.Patrick Maynard - 1997 - Philosophical Topics 25 (1):231-253.
    Introduces philosophers to John Willats' effective new drawing systems vocabulary for describing drawings and related images, also stresses topological-space values in pictures, vs psychology's projective tendencies (illus).
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  49.  18
    What drawings draws on: the relevance of current vision research.Patrick Maynard - 2011 - Rivista di Estetica 47:9-29.
    Fifty years ago Ernst Gombrich’s Art and Illusion revolutionized philosophical and scientific study of visual representation by thoughtful -application of research from the modern vision sciences. Since then those sciences – recently including neuroscience – have greatly developed, and it is now common to attempt direct translation of their findings to depiction, even treating its perception as a branch of visual perception.Unfortunately, rather than advancing Gombrich’s project, many of these applications – often reductive in nature – involve elementary logical fallacies. (...)
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  50.  41
    Policing transnational commerce: Global awareness in the margins of morality. [REVIEW]Michael L. Maynard - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 30 (1):17-27.
    Transnationals operate in what may be called the margins of morality because the historical, cultural, and governmental mores of the world''s nation-states are not uniform. There is a gray area of ethical judgment where the standards of the transnational''s home country differ substantially from those of the host country. Following the argument of institutional theory in providing stability and meaning to social behavior, in matters of moral conduct the transnational is likely to yield to at least four policing authorities: itself, (...)
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