Results for 'Lynn A. Volk'

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  1.  40
    Electronic Health Records: Which Practices Have Them, and How Are Clinicians Using Them?Steven R. Simon, Madeline L. McCarthy, Rainu Kaushal, Chelsea A. Jenter, Lynn A. Volk, Eric G. Poon, Kevin C. Yee, E. John Orav, Deborah H. Williams & David W. Bates - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (1):43-47.
  2.  1
    Clinical Perspectives on Autobiographical Memory.Lynn A. Watson & Dorthe Berntsen (eds.) - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    Autobiographical memory plays a key role in psychological well-being, and the field has been investigated from multiple perspectives for over thirty years. One large body of research has examined the basic mechanisms and characteristics of autobiographical memory during general cognition, and another body has studied what happens to it during psychological disorders, and how psychological therapies targeting memory disturbances can improve psychological well-being. This edited collection reviews and integrates current theories on autobiographical memory when viewed in a clinical perspective. It (...)
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  3.  32
    A Closer Look at the Bad Deal Trial: Beyond Clinical Equipoise.Lynn A. Jansen - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (5):29-36.
    : Some commentators have recently proposed that "clinical equipoise," although widely accepted, is not necessary for morally acceptable research on human subjects. If this concept is rejected, however, we may find that trials not in the best medical interests of their subjects--bad deal trials--could be justified. To avoid exploiting participants, we must find a way to distribute the risks fairly, even if it means embracing radical changes in the way clinical research is conducted.
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  4.  54
    Rethinking Exploitation: A Process-Centered Account.Lynn A. Jansen & Steven Wall - 2013 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 23 (4):381-410.
    The term “exploitation” has gained wide currency in recent discussions of biomedical and research ethics. This is due in no small measure to the influence of Alan Wertheimer’s path-breaking work on the topic (Wertheimer 1999, 2011). Wertheimer presented a clear and compelling non-Marxist account of the concept of exploitation—one that stressed the connection between exploitation and unfair distributive outcomes. On this account, when one party exploits another, she takes advantage of the other to gain unfairly. A number of contemporary bioethicists (...)
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  5.  30
    Drawing the Line on Physician-Assisted Death.Lynn A. Jansen, Steven Wall & Franklin G. Miller - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (3):190-197.
    Drawing the line on physician assistance in physician-assisted death continues to be a contentious issue in many legal jurisdictions across the USA, Canada and Europe. PAD is a medical practice that occurs when physicians either prescribe or administer lethal medication to their patients. As more legal jurisdictions establish PAD for at least some class of patients, the question of the proper scope of this practice has become pressing. This paper presents an argument for restricting PAD to the terminally ill that (...)
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  6.  15
    Unrealistic Optimism in Early-Phase Oncology Trials.Lynn A. Jansen, Paul S. Appelbaum, William Mp Klein, Neil D. Weinstein, William Cook, Jessica S. Fogel & Daniel P. Sulmasy - 2011 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 33 (1):1.
    Unrealistic optimism is a bias that leads people to believe, with respect to a specific event or hazard, that they are more likely to experience positive outcomes and/or less likely to experience negative outcomes than similar others. The phenomenon has been seen in a range of health-related contexts—including when prospective participants are presented with the risks and benefits of participating in a clinical trial. In order to test for the prevalence of unrealistic optimism among participants of early-phase oncology trials, we (...)
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  7.  2
    A Closer Look at the Bad Deal Trial: Beyond Clinical Equipoise.Lynn A. Jansen - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (5):29.
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  8.  57
    Paternalism and Fairness in Clinical Research.Lynn A. Jansen & Steven Wall - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (3):172-182.
    In this paper, we defend the ethics of clinical research against the charge of paternalism. We do so not by denying that the ethics of clinical research is paternalistic, but rather by defending the legitimacy of paternalism in this context. Our aim is not to defend any particular set of paternalistic restrictions, but rather to make a general case for the permissibility of paternalistic restrictions in this context. Specifically, we argue that there is no basic liberty-right to participate in clinical (...)
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  9.  94
    Proportionality, Terminal Suffering and the Restorative Goals of Medicine.Lynn A. Jansen & Daniel P. Sulmasy - 2002 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (4-5):321-337.
    Recent years have witnessed a growing concern that terminally illpatients are needlessly suffering in the dying process. This has ledto demands that physicians become more attentive in the assessment ofsuffering and that they treat their patients as `whole persons.'' Forthe most part, these demands have not fallen on deaf ears. It is nowwidely accepted that the relief of suffering is one of the fundamentalgoals of medicine. Without question this is a positive development.However, while the importance of treating suffering has generally (...)
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  10.  23
    Reconsidering Paternalism in Clinical Research.Lynn A. Jansen & Steven Wall - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (1):50-58.
    The ethical standards that regulate clinical research have multiple rationales. Among them is the need to protect potential subjects from making imprudent decisions, which extends beyond the soft paternalistic concern to protect people from making uninformed decisions to participate in trials. This article argues that a plausible risk/benefit restriction on clinical trials is presumptively justified by hard paternalism, which in turn is supported by a deeper fairness-based rationale. This presumptive case for hard paternalism in research is not defeated by the (...)
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  11.  36
    The Ethics of Altruism in Clinical Research.Lynn A. Jansen - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (4):26-36.
  12. The Light Bulb as a Symbol of the Connectedness in STS.Lynn A. Brant - 1988 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 8 (4):419-423.
    The common variety of incandescent light bulb has been in use for over a century, and although perhaps manufactured by highly technological systems, it is not a "high tech" device. Light bulbs are also found in nearly every home and business in this country. Because of these characteristics, the light bulb lends itself to use as a symbol of material things in modem industrial culture.
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  13.  28
    Assessing Clinical Pragmatism.Lynn A. Jansen - 1998 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (1):23-36.
    : "Clinical pragmatism" is an important new method of moral problem solving in clinical practice. This method draws on the pragmatic philosophy of John Dewey and recommends an experimental approach to solving moral problems in clinical practice. Although the method may shed some light on how clinicians and their patients ought to interact when moral problems are at hand, it nonetheless is deficient in a number of respects. Clinical pragmatism fails to explain adequately how moral problems can be solved experimentally, (...)
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  14.  10
    Weighted Lotteries and the Allocation of Scarce Medications for Covid‐19.Lynn A. Jansen & Steven Wall - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (1):39-46.
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  15.  5
    Informed Consent, Therapeutic Misconception, and Unrealistic Optimism.Lynn A. Jansen - 2020 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 63 (2):359-373.
    Ethical research on human subjects requires that subjects, if they have the capacity to do so, give free and informed consent to participate in the trials in which they are enrolled. This requirement, which is commonly referred to as the principle of informed consent, was prominently endorsed by the authors of the Belmont Report in 1978, and it remains widely accepted today. Yet while the principle of informed consent is by now almost universally accepted, the responsibilities that it imposes on (...)
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  16.  1
    A Required STS Course at The University of Northern Iowa.Lynn A. Brant - 1995 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 15 (5-6):235-240.
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  17.  18
    Implicit Memory for Visual Objects and the Structural Description System.Daniel L. Schacter, Lynn A. Cooper & Suzanne M. Delaney - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (4):367-372.
  18.  7
    A Complete Book Concerning Happiness and Benevolence: A Manual for Local Magistrates in Seventeenth-Century China.Lynn A. Struve, Huang Liu-Hung & Djang Chu - 1985 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 105 (4):768.
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  19.  27
    Perceptions of Control and Unrealistic Optimism in Early-Phase Cancer Trials.Lynn A. Jansen, Daruka Mahadevan, Paul S. Appelbaum, William M. P. Klein, Neil D. Weinstein, Motomi Mori, Catherine Degnin & Daniel P. Sulmasy - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (2):121-127.
    Purpose Recent research has found unrealistic optimism among patient-subjects in early-phase oncology trials. Our aim was to investigate the cognitive and motivational factors that evoke this bias in this context. We expected perceptions of control to be a strong correlate of unrealistic optimism. Methods A study of patient-subjects enrolled in early-phase oncology trials was conducted at two sites in the USA. Respondents completed questionnaires designed to assess unrealistic optimism and several risk attribute variables that have been found to evoke the (...)
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  20.  11
    Bioethics, Conflicts of Interest, the Limits of Transparency.Lynn A. Jansen & Daniel P. Sulmasy - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (4):40-43.
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  21.  98
    The Virtues in Their Place: Virtue Ethics in Medicine.Lynn A. Jansen - 2000 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (3):261-276.
    We are currently in the midst of a revival of interest in thevirtues. A number of contemporary moral philosophers havedefended a virtue-based approach to ethics. But does thisrenewal of interest in the virtues have much to contributeto medical ethics and medical practice? This paper criticallydiscusses this question. It considers and rejects a number ofimportant arguments that purport to establish the significanceof the virtues for medical practice. Against these arguments,the paper seeks to show that while the virtues have a genuinerole to (...)
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  22.  32
    No Safe Harbor: The Principle of Complicity and the Practice of Voluntary Stopping of Eating and Drinking.Lynn A. Jansen - 2004 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (1):61 – 74.
    In recent years, a number of writers have proposed voluntary stopping of eating and drinking as an alternative to physician-assisted suicide. This paper calls attention to and discusses some of the ethical complications that surround the practice of voluntary stopping of eating and drinking. The paper argues that voluntary stopping of eating and drinking raises very difficult ethical questions. These questions center on the moral responsibility of clinicians who care for the terminally ill as well as the nature and limits (...)
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  23. Experimental Philosophy, Clinical Intentions, and Evaluative Judgment.Lynn A. Jansen, Jessica S. Fogel & Mark Brubaker - 2013 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (2):126-135.
    Recent empirical work on the concept of intentionality suggests that people’s assessments of whether an action is intentional are subject to uncertainty. Some researchers have gone so far as to claim that different people employ different concepts of intentional action. These possibilities have motivated a good deal of work in the relatively new field of experimental philosophy. The findings from this empirical research may prove to be relevant to medical ethics. In this article, we address this issue head on. We (...)
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  24.  8
    Taking Respect Seriously: Clinical Research and the Demands of Informed Consent.Lynn A. Jansen - 2018 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 43 (3):342-360.
    There is broad agreement among research ethicists that investigators have a duty to obtain the informed consent of all subjects who participate in their research trials. On a common view, the duty to obtain this informed consent follows from the need to respect persons and their autonomous decisions. However, the nature of informed consent and the demands it places on investigators are open to dispute and recently have been challenged. Respect for persons, it has been claimed, does not require investigators (...)
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  25. Teacher Beliefs and Cultural Models: A Challenge for Science Teacher Preparation Programs.Lynn A. Bryan & Mary M. Atwater - 2002 - Science Education 86 (6):821-839.
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  26.  16
    Hastening Death and the Boundaries of the Self.Lynn A. Jansen - 2006 - Bioethics 20 (2):105–111.
  27. Lynn A. greenwalt.An Environmental Agenda - forthcoming - Business, Ethics, and the Environment: The Public Policy Debate.
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  28.  11
    The Virtues in Their Place: Virtue Ethics in Medicine.Lynn A. Jansen - 2000 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (3):261-275.
    We are currently in the midst of a revival of interest in thevirtues. A number of contemporary moral philosophers havedefended a virtue-based approach to ethics. But does thisrenewal of interest in the virtues have much to contributeto medical ethics and medical practice? This paper criticallydiscusses this question. It considers and rejects a number ofimportant arguments that purport to establish the significanceof the virtues for medical practice. Against these arguments,the paper seeks to show that while the virtues have a genuinerole to (...)
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  29.  25
    Doctor Vs. Scientist?Lynn A. Jansen - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (2):3-3.
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  30.  15
    The Education of Playful Boys: Class Clowns in the Classroom.Lynn A. Barnett - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  31. Extrapolating and Remembering Positions Along Cognitive Trajectories: Uses and Limitations of Analogies to Physical Motion.Lynn A. Cooper & Margaret P. Munger - 1999 - In Naomi Eilan, Rosaleen McCarthy & Bill Brewer (eds.), Spatial Representation: Problems in Philosophy and Psychology. Clarendon Press.
     
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  32.  30
    Delboeuf-Type Circle Illusions: Interactions Among Luminance, Temporal Characteristics, and Inducing-Figure Variations.Lynn A. Cooper & Daniel J. Weintraub - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (1):75.
  33.  35
    Child Organ Donation, Family Autonomy, and Intimate Attachments.Lynn A. Jansen - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (2):133-142.
    What standard or principle should guide decisionmaking concerning the permissibility of allowing children to be organ donors? For a long time, it has been widely assumed that the best interest of the child is the appropriate standard. But recently, several critics have charged that this standard fails to give due weight to the interests of the family and the intimate relationships that the family makes possible.1,2 This article reviews and rejects both the best-interest standard and the alternative standard recommended by (...)
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  34.  12
    The Moral Irrelevance of Proximity to Death.Lynn A. Jansen - 2003 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 14 (1-2):49.
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  35. The Role of Spatial Representations in Complex Problem Solving.Lynn A. Cooper - 1988 - In Stephen Schiffer & Susan Steele (eds.), Cognition and Representation. Westview Press. pp. 53--86.
     
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  36.  2
    Two Models of Informed Consent.Lynn A. Jansen - 2021 - Social Philosophy and Policy 38 (2):50-71.
    Informed consent is a central concept in the literature on the ethics of clinical care and human subjects research. There is a broad consensus that ethical practice in these domains requires the informed consent of patients and subjects. The requirements of informed consent in these domains, however, are matters of considerable controversy. Some argue that the requirements of informed consent have been inflated, others that they have not been taken seriously enough. This essay argues that both sides are partly right. (...)
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  37.  10
    Implicit Memory for Unfamiliar Objects Depends on Access to Structural Descriptions.Daniel L. Schacter, Lynn A. Cooper & Suzanne M. Delaney - 1990 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 119 (1):5-24.
  38.  11
    Mindsets, Informed Consent, and Research.Lynn A. Jansen - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (1):25-32.
  39.  13
    Local IRBs, Multicenter Trials, and the Ethics of Internal Amendments.Lynn A. Jansen - 2005 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 27 (4):7.
  40.  15
    Modeling the Mind's Eye.Lynn A. Cooper - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (4):550-551.
  41.  17
    Masks of Tradition: Women and the Politics of Writing in Twentieth Century France.Lynn A. Higgins & Martha Noel Evans - 1989 - Substance 18 (3):112.
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  42.  17
    The Self-Begetting Novel.Lynn A. Higgins & Steven G. Kellman - 1983 - Substance 12 (3):103.
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  43.  7
    Memory for Representations of Visual Objects.Lynn A. Cooper - 1991 - In William Kessen, Andrew Ortony & Fergus I. M. Craik (eds.), Memories, Thoughts, and Emotions: Essays in Honor of George Mandler. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 169.
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  44.  37
    Patient Confidentiality and the Surrogate's Right to Know.Lynn A. Jansen & Lainie Friedman Ross - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (2):137-143.
    Physicians treating newly incapacitated patients often must navigate surrogate decision-makers through a difficult course of treatment decisions. Such a process can be complex. Physicians must not only explain the medical facts and prognosis to the surrogate, but also attempt to ensure that the surrogate arrives at decisions that are consistent with the patient's own values and wishes. Where these values and wishes are unknown, physicians must help surrogates make decisions that reflect the patient's best interests.
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  45.  11
    Improving Geriatric Transitional Care Through Inter‐Professional Care Teams.Lynn A. Blewett, Kelli Johnson, Teresa McCarthy, Thomas Lackner & Barbara Brandt - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (1):57-63.
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  46. Another Voice: Doctor Vs. Scientist?Lynn A. Jansen - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
     
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  47. Death in the Clinic.Lynn A. Jansen (ed.) - 2005 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Death in the Clinic fills a gap in contemporary medical education by explicitly addressing the concrete clinical realities about death with which practitioners, patients, and their families continue to wrestle. Visit our website for sample chapters!
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  48.  9
    Lynn A. De Silva. The Problem of the Self in Buddhism and Christianity. Pp. 185. [REVIEW]N. C. McKenzie - 1980 - Religious Studies 16 (3):377.
  49.  24
    George, Robert P. Ed. Natural Law and Moral Inquiry: Ethics, Metaphysics, and Politics in the Work of Germain Grisez.Lynn A. Jansen - 2001 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 1 (2):272-273.
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  50.  21
    Evil, Forgiveness, and the Moral Community.Lynn A. Jansen - 2002 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 2 (1):21-25.
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