Results for 'Lynn Santelmann'

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  1.  31
    The Power of Cross-Linguistic Analysis: A Key Tool for Developing Explanatory Models of Human Language.Lynn Santelmann - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (6):1036-1037.
    Clahsen's compelling evidence for the dual-mechanism model of the lexicon derives in part from the use of cross-linguistic data in psycholinguistic research. This approach reflects a growing (and positive) trend toward incorporating data from several languages when analyzing and modeling human language behavior. This perspective should be expanded to include data from typologically distinct languages to develop more explanatory models of language.
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  2.  20
    Sensitivity to Discontinuous Dependencies in Language Learners: Evidence for Limitations in Processing Space.L. Santelmann - 1998 - Cognition 69 (2):105-134.
  3.  87
    J. S. Mill and Indian Education*: Lynn Zastoupil.Lynn Zastoupil - 1991 - Utilitas 3 (1):69-83.
    J. S. Mill's role in the Indian education controversy is well known, but scarcely well understood. That he drafted, in 1836, a despatch sharply critical of Macaulay's infamous Minute on Indian Education, is general knowledge now. That in drafting the despatch Mill drew upon the ideas of H. H. Wilson, a noted Orientalist and sharp critic of Macaulay and the Anglicists, has been adequately demonstrated. That the despatch was never sent to India, because of the objections of the President of (...)
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  4.  20
    Lynn Thorndike's History of Magic and Experimental ScienceHistory of Magic and Experimental Science.Francis R. Johnson & Lynn Thorndike - 1959 - Journal of the History of Ideas 20 (2):282.
  5. D. Lynn Holt.Thomas Kuhn & Lynn Joy - 1994 - In Peter Achinstein & Laura J. Snyder (eds.), Scientific Methods: Conceptual and Historical Problems. Krieger Pub. Co.. pp. 137.
     
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  6.  10
    Irrational Expectations: Lynn A. Stout.Lynn A. Stout - 1997 - Legal Theory 3 (3):227-248.
    Rational expectations models have become a staple of economic theory and the basis for a Nobel Prize. This article argues that rational expectations analysis suffers from potentially fatal flaws that seriously undermine its value in understanding many market phenomena. Using the example of financial markets, the article illustrates how the rational expectations approach has worked to obscure, rather than to illuminate, our understanding of speculation and speculative markets. This misguidance raises problems for law and policy.
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  7.  80
    Who Knows: From Quine to a Feminist Empiricism.Lynn Hankinson Nelson - 1990 - Temple University Press.
    INTRODUCTION Reopening a Discussion The empiricist-derived epistemology that has directed most social and natural scientific inquiry for the last three ...
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  8.  53
    Unhoming Pigeons: The Postal Principle in Lynn Hershman Leeson and Hussein Chalayan.Lynn Turner - 2012 - Derrida Today 5 (1):92-110.
    In this article I bring together Jacques Derrida and Luce Irigaray's engagements with Sigmund Freud's vexed attempt to step beyond the pleasure principle. Derrida's speculations on the name, the house and the practice of Freud find him inadvertently rewriting the conditions of the autobiographical as that which erases as much as inscribes, while Irigaray requires a sexually different modelling of what we call language if the experience of the girl is to be addressed. Yet Irigaray uncannily repeats the teleological gesture (...)
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  9. Against Deliberation.Lynn M. Sanders - 1997 - Political Theory 25 (3):347-376.
  10.  11
    Automatic and Effortful Processes in Memory.Lynn Hasher & Rose T. Zacks - 1979 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 108 (3):356-388.
  11. After Lynn White: Religious Ethics and Environmental Problems.Willis Jenkins - 2009 - Journal of Religious Ethics 37 (2):283-309.
    The fields of environmental ethics and of religion and ecology have been shaped by Lynn White Jr.'s thesis that the roots of ecological crisis lie in religious cosmology. Independent critical movements in both fields, however, now question this methodological legacy and argue for alternative ways of inquiry. For religious ethics, the twin controversies cast doubt on prevailing ways of connecting environmental problems to religious deliberations because the criticisms raise questions about what counts as an environmental problem, how religious traditions (...)
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  12.  73
    The Birth of the Holobiont: Multi-Species Birthing Through Mutual Scaffolding and Niche Construction.Lynn Chiu & Scott F. Gilbert - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (2):191-210.
    Holobionts are multicellular eukaryotes with multiple species of persistent symbionts. They are not individuals in the genetic sense— composed of and regulated by the same genome—but they are anatomical, physiological, developmental, immunological, and evolutionary units, evolved from a shared relationship between different species. We argue that many of the interactions between human and microbiota symbionts and the reproductive process of a new holobiont are best understood as instances of reciprocal scaffolding of developmental processes and mutual construction of developmental, ecological, and (...)
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  13.  47
    A Meta-Analysis of Ethics Instruction Effectiveness in the Sciences.Lynn D. Devenport, Shane Connelly, Ryan P. Brown, Michael D. Mumford, Ethan P. Waples, Alison L. Antes & Stephen T. Murphy - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (5):379-402.
    Scholars have proposed a number of courses and programs intended to improve the ethical behavior of scientists in an attempt to maintain the integrity of the scientific enterprise. In the present study, we conducted a quantitative meta-analysis based on 26 previous ethics program evaluation efforts, and the results showed that the overall effectiveness of ethics instruction was modest. The effects of ethics instruction, however, were related to a number of instructional program factors, such as course content and delivery methods, in (...)
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  14. Epistemological Communities.Lynn Hankinson Nelson - 1993 - In Linda Alcoff & Elizabeth Potter (eds.), Feminist Epistemologies. Routledge.
     
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  15. Who Knows: From Quine to a Feminist Empiricism.Lynn Hankinson Nelson - 1992 - Hypatia 7 (1):100-114.
    I argue that Nelson's feminist transformation of empiricism provides the basis of a dialogue across three currently competing feminist epistemologies: feminist empiricism, feminist standpoint theories, and postmodern feminism, a dialogue that will result in a dissolution of the apparent tensions between these epistemologies and provide an epistemology with the openness and fluidity needed to embrace the concerns of feminists.
     
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  16.  10
    Against D.Lynn M. Sanders - 1997 - Political Theory 25 (3):347-376.
  17.  43
    Microorganisms as Scaffolds of Host Individuality: An Eco-Immunity Account of the Holobiont.Lynn Chiu & Gérard Eberl - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (6):819-837.
    There is currently a great debate about whether the holobiont, i.e. a multicellular host and its residential microorganisms, constitutes a biological individual. We propose that resident microorganisms have a general and important role in the individuality of the host organism, not the holobiont. Drawing upon the Equilibrium Model of Immunity, we argue that microorganisms are scaffolds of immune capacities and processes that determine the constituency and persistence of the host organism. A scaffolding perspective accommodates the contingency and heterogeneity of resident (...)
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  18. Mental Images and Their Transformations.Roger N. Shepard & Lynn N. Cooper - 1982 - MIT Press.
     
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  19.  28
    Aristotle's Syllogistic.Lynn E. Rose - 1968 - Springfield, Ill., Thomas.
  20.  19
    Biology Takes Form: Animal Morphology and the German Universities 1800-1900.Lynn K. Nyhart & Elias José Palti - 1997 - History of Science 35 (3):114-116.
  21.  56
    Binding, Spatial Attention and Perceptual Awareness.Lynn C. Robertson - 2003 - Nature Reviews Neuroscience 4 (2):93-102.
  22.  11
    Multiple Memory Systems: What and Why, an Update.Lynn Nadel - 1994 - In Memory Systems. MIT Press. pp. 1994--39.
  23.  13
    Priming Determinist Beliefs Diminishes Implicit Components of Self-Agency.Margaret T. Lynn, Paul S. Muhle-Karbe, Henk Aarts & Marcel Brass - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  24.  14
    Working Memory Won't Work.Lynn Nadel - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):338-339.
  25.  20
    Security, Extremism and Education: Safeguarding or Surveillance?Lynn Davies - 2016 - British Journal of Educational Studies 64 (1):1-19.
  26.  51
    Does Ethics Pay?Lynn Sharp Paine - 2000 - Business Ethics Quarterly 10 (1):319-330.
    The relationship between ethics and economics has never been easy. Opponents in a tug of war, friends in a warm embrace, ships passing in the night—the relationship has been highly variable. In recent years, the friendship model has been gaining credence, particularly among U.S. corporate executives. Increasingly, companies are launching ethics programs, values initiatives, and community involvement activities premised on management’s belief that “Ethics pays.”.
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  27.  11
    Unrealistic Optimism in Early-Phase Oncology Trials.Lynn A. Jansen, Paul S. Appelbaum, William Mp Klein, Neil D. Weinstein, William Cook, Jessica S. Fogel & Daniel P. Sulmasy - 2011 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 33 (1):1.
    Unrealistic optimism is a bias that leads people to believe, with respect to a specific event or hazard, that they are more likely to experience positive outcomes and/or less likely to experience negative outcomes than similar others. The phenomenon has been seen in a range of health-related contexts—including when prospective participants are presented with the risks and benefits of participating in a clinical trial. In order to test for the prevalence of unrealistic optimism among participants of early-phase oncology trials, we (...)
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  28.  19
    Some Thoughts on the Proper Foundations for the Study of Cognition in Animals.Lynn Nadel - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (3):383-384.
  29. Cultivating Conscience: How Good Laws Make Good People.Lynn Stout - 2010 - Princeton University Press.
    Contemporary law and public policy often treat human beings as selfish creatures who respond only to punishments and rewards. Yet every day we behave unselfishly--few of us mug the elderly or steal the paper from our neighbor's yard, and many of us go out of our way to help strangers. We nevertheless overlook our own good behavior and fixate on the bad things people do and how we can stop them. In this pathbreaking book, acclaimed law and economics scholar (...) Stout argues that this focus neglects the crucial role our better impulses could play in society. Rather than lean on the power of greed to shape laws and human behavior, Stout contends that we should rely on the force of conscience. Stout makes the compelling case that conscience is neither a rare nor quirky phenomenon, but a vital force woven into our daily lives. Drawing from social psychology, behavioral economics, and evolutionary biology, Stout demonstrates how social cues--instructions from authorities, ideas about others' selfishness and unselfishness, and beliefs about benefits to others--have a powerful role in triggering unselfish behavior. Stout illustrates how our legal system can use these social cues to craft better laws that encourage more unselfish, ethical behavior in many realms, including politics and business. Stout also shows how our current emphasis on self-interest and incentives may have contributed to the catastrophic political missteps and financial scandals of recent memory by encouraging corrupt and selfish actions, and undermining society's collective moral compass. This book proves that if we care about effective laws and civilized society, the powers of conscience are simply too important for us to ignore. (shrink)
     
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  30.  24
    The Role of Emotions in Health Professional Ethics Teaching.Lynn Gillam, Clare Delany, Marilys Guillemin & Sally Warmington - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (5):331-335.
    In this paper, we put forward the view that emotions have a legitimate and important role in health professional ethics education. This paper draws upon our experience of running a narrative ethics education programme for ethics educators from a range of healthcare disciplines. It describes the way in which emotions may be elicited in narrative ethics teaching and considers the appropriate role of emotions in ethics education for health professionals. We argue there is a need for a pedagogical framework to (...)
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  31.  23
    Are the Patients Who Become Organ Donors Under the Pittsburgh Protocol for "Non-Heart-Beating Donors" Really Dead?Joanne Lynn - 1993 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 3 (2):167-178.
  32.  23
    “In”-Sights About Food Banks From a Critical Interpretive Synthesis of the Academic Literature.Lynn McIntyre, Danielle Tougas, Krista Rondeau & Catherine L. Mah - 2016 - Agriculture and Human Values 33 (4):843-859.
    The persistence, and international expansion, of food banks as a non-governmental response to households experiencing food insecurity has been decried as an indicator of unacceptable levels of poverty in the countries in which they operate. In 1998, Poppendieck published a book, Sweet charity: emergency food and the end of entitlement, which has endured as an influential critique of food banks. Sweet charity‘s food bank critique is succinctly synthesized as encompassing seven deadly “ins” inaccessibility, inadequacy, inappropriateness, indignity, inefficiency, insufficiency, and instability. (...)
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  33.  1
    Evaluating Public-Participation Exercises: A Research Agenda.Lynn J. Frewer & Gene Rowe - 2004 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 29 (4):512-556.
    The concept of public participation is one of growing interest in the UK and elsewhere, with a commensurate growth in mechanisms to enable this. The merits of participation, however, are difficult to ascertain, as there are relatively few cases in which the effectiveness of participation exercises have been studied in a structured manner. This seems to stem largely from uncertainty in the research community as to how to conduct evaluations. In this article, one agenda for conducting evaluation research that might (...)
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  34.  30
    Moral Thinking in Management: An Essential Capability.Lynn Sharp Paine - 1996 - Business Ethics Quarterly 6 (4):477-492.
    This paper argues that moral thinking is an essential management capability which strengthens organizations and contributes to theirperformance in the marketplace. The paper explains what moral thinking is, and addresses the most common reasons for considering it inappropriate or irrelevant to managerial practice. The argument provides a compelling rationale for the corporate ethics initiatives undertaken in recent years.
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  35.  3
    Cognition in Construction Grammar: Connecting Individual and Community Grammars.Lynn Anthonissen - 2020 - Cognitive Linguistics 31 (2):309-337.
    This paper examines, on the basis of a longitudinal corpus of 50 early modern authors, how change at the aggregate level of the community interacts with variation and change at the micro-level of the individual language user. In doing so, this study aims to address the methodological gap between collective change and entrenchment, that is, the gap between language as a social phenomenon and the cognitive processes responsible for the continuous reorganization of linguistic knowledge in individual speakers. Taking up the (...)
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  36.  64
    A Question of Evidence.Lynn Hankinson Nelson - 1993 - Hypatia 8 (2):172 - 189.
    I outline a pragmatic account of evidence, arguing that it allows us to underwrite two implications of feminist scholarship: that knowledge is socially constructed and constrained by evidence, and that social relations, including gender, race, and class, are epistemologically significant. What makes the account promising is that it abandons any pretense of a view from nowhere, the view of evidence as something only individuals gather or have, and the view that individual theories face experience in isolation.
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  37.  4
    Individuality in Complex Systems: A Constructionist Approach.Lynn Anthonissen & Peter Petré - 2020 - Cognitive Linguistics 31 (2):185-212.
    For a long time, linguists more or less denied the existence of individual differences in grammatical knowledge. While recent years have seen an explosion of research on individual differences, most usage-based research has failed to address this issue and has remained reluctant to study the synergy between individual and community grammars. This paper focuses on individual differences in linguistic knowledge and processing, and examines how these differences can be integrated into a more comprehensive constructionist theory of grammar. The examination is (...)
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  38.  34
    The Ethics of Altruism in Clinical Research.Lynn A. Jansen - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (4):26-36.
  39. Eudaimonia and Neltiliztli: Aristotle and the Aztecs on the Good Life.Lynn Sebastian Purcell - 2017 - APA Newsletter on Hispanic/Latino Issues in Philosophy 16 (2):10-21.
    This essay takes a first step in comparative ethics by looking to Aristotle and the Aztec's conceptions of the good life. It argues that the Aztec conception of a rooted life, neltiliztli, functions for ethical purposes in a way that is like Aristotle's eudaimonia. To develop this claim, it not only shows just in what their conceptions of the good consist, but also in what way the Aztecs conceived of the virtues (in qualli, in yectli).
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  40. When Self-Consciousness Breaks: Alien Voices and Inserted Thoughts.G. Lynn Stephens & George Graham - 2000 - MIT Press.
  41.  30
    Must Patients Always Be Given Food and Water?Joanne Lynn & James E. Childress - 1983 - Hastings Center Report 13 (5):17-21.
  42.  19
    Ethical Reasoning in Baccalaureate Nursing Students.Lynn Clark Callister, Karlen E. Luthy, Pam Thompson & Rae Jeanne Memmott - 2009 - Nursing Ethics 16 (4):499-510.
    Nurses are encountering an increasing number of ethical dilemmas in clinical practice. Ethics courses for baccalaureate nursing students provide the opportunity for the development of critical thinking skills in order to deal with these effectively. The purpose of this descriptive qualitative study was to describe ethical reasoning in 70 baccalaureate nursing students enrolled in a nursing ethics course. Reflective clinical journals were analyzed as appropriate for qualitative inquiry. The overriding theme emerging from the data was `in the process of becoming', (...)
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  43.  19
    Reconsidering Paternalism in Clinical Research.Lynn A. Jansen & Steven Wall - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (1):50-58.
    The ethical standards that regulate clinical research have multiple rationales. Among them is the need to protect potential subjects from making imprudent decisions, which extends beyond the soft paternalistic concern to protect people from making uninformed decisions to participate in trials. This article argues that a plausible risk/benefit restriction on clinical trials is presumptively justified by hard paternalism, which in turn is supported by a deeper fairness-based rationale. This presumptive case for hard paternalism in research is not defeated by the (...)
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  44.  13
    Moving From Conceptual Ambiguity to Knowledgeable Action: Using a Critical Realist Approach to Studying Moral Distress.Lynn C. Musto & Patricia A. Rodney - 2016 - Nursing Philosophy 17 (2):75-87.
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  45.  91
    Proportionality, Terminal Suffering and the Restorative Goals of Medicine.Lynn A. Jansen & Daniel P. Sulmasy - 2002 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (4-5):321-337.
    Recent years have witnessed a growing concern that terminally illpatients are needlessly suffering in the dying process. This has ledto demands that physicians become more attentive in the assessment ofsuffering and that they treat their patients as `whole persons.'' Forthe most part, these demands have not fallen on deaf ears. It is nowwidely accepted that the relief of suffering is one of the fundamentalgoals of medicine. Without question this is a positive development.However, while the importance of treating suffering has generally (...)
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  46.  54
    Paternalism and Fairness in Clinical Research.Lynn A. Jansen & Steven Wall - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (3):172-182.
    In this paper, we defend the ethics of clinical research against the charge of paternalism. We do so not by denying that the ethics of clinical research is paternalistic, but rather by defending the legitimacy of paternalism in this context. Our aim is not to defend any particular set of paternalistic restrictions, but rather to make a general case for the permissibility of paternalistic restrictions in this context. Specifically, we argue that there is no basic liberty-right to participate in clinical (...)
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  47.  23
    Drawing the Line on Physician-Assisted Death.Lynn A. Jansen, Steven Wall & Franklin G. Miller - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (3):190-197.
    Drawing the line on physician assistance in physician-assisted death continues to be a contentious issue in many legal jurisdictions across the USA, Canada and Europe. PAD is a medical practice that occurs when physicians either prescribe or administer lethal medication to their patients. As more legal jurisdictions establish PAD for at least some class of patients, the question of the proper scope of this practice has become pressing. This paper presents an argument for restricting PAD to the terminally ill that (...)
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  48.  23
    Homer on Life and Death.M. Lynn-George & J. Griffin - 1982 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 102:239-245.
  49.  9
    Characterization of NIP Theories by Ordered Graph-Indiscernibles.Lynn Scow - 2012 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 163 (11):1624-1641.
    We generalize the Unstable Formula Theorem characterization of stable theories from Shelah [11], that a theory T is stable just in case any infinite indiscernible sequence in a model of T is an indiscernible set. We use a generalized form of indiscernibles from [11], in our notation, a sequence of parameters from an L-structure M, , indexed by an L′-structure I is L′-generalized indiscernible inM if qftpL′=qftpL′ implies tpL=tpL for all same-length, finite ¯,j from I. Let Tg be the theory (...)
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  50.  5
    Seismic Field Data Displaying Azimuthal Anisotropy, 1986–2020.Heloise Lynn - 2020 - Interpretation 8 (4):SP135-SP156.
    The azimuthal processing of 3D full-azimuth full-offset P-P reflection seismic data can enable better imaging, thus yielding improved estimates of structure, lithology, porosity, pore fluids, in situ stress, and aligned porosity that flows fluids. In the past 34 years, the oil and gas industry has significantly advanced in the use of seismic azimuthal anisotropy, in particular, to gain information concerning unequal horizontal stresses and/or vertically aligned fractures, and possibly more importantly, to improve the prestack imaging especially in complex structure. The (...)
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