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Morris R. Cohen [110]Michael Cohen [39]Martin Cohen [35]Marshall Cohen [23]
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S. Marc Cohen
University of Washington
Marc A. Cohen
Seattle University
Mitchell J. Cohen
Thomas Jefferson University
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  1. Consciousness Cannot Be Separated From Function.Michael A. Cohen & Daniel C. Dennett - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (8):358--364.
    Here, we argue that any neurobiological theory based on an experience/function division cannot be empirically confirmed or falsified and is thus outside the scope of science. A ‘perfect experiment’ illustrates this point, highlighting the unbreachable boundaries of the scientific study of consciousness. We describe a more nuanced notion of cognitive access that captures personal experience without positing the existence of inaccessible conscious states. Finally, we discuss the criteria necessary for forming and testing a falsifiable theory of consciousness.
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  2.  98
    Exploring RoBERTa's Theory of Mind Through Textual Entailment.Michael Cohen - manuscript
    Within psychology, philosophy, and cognitive science, theory of mind refers to the cognitive ability to reason about the mental states of other people, thus recognizing them as having beliefs, knowledge, intentions and emotions of their own. In this project, we construct a natural language inference (NLD) dataset that tests the ability of a state of the art language model, RoBERTa-large finetuned on the MNLI dataset, to make theory of mind inferences related to knowledge and belief. Experimental results suggest that the (...)
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  3.  63
    What is the Bandwidth of Perceptual Experience?Michael A. Cohen, Daniel C. Dennett & Nancy Kanwisher - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (5):324-335.
    Although our subjective impression is of a richly detailed visual world, numerous empirical results suggest that the amount of visual information observers can perceive and remember at any given moment is limited. How can our subjective impressions be reconciled with these objective observations? Here, we answer this question by arguing that, although we see more than the handful of objects, claimed by prominent models of visual attention and working memory, we still see far less than we think we do. Taken (...)
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  4.  29
    Moral Disengagement at Work: A Review and Research Agenda.Alexander Newman, Huong Le, Andrea North-Samardzic & Michael Cohen - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (3):535-570.
    Originally conceptualized by Bandura as the process of cognitive restructuring that allows individuals to disassociate with their internal moral standards and behave unethically without feeling distress, moral disengagement has attracted the attention of management researchers in recent years. An increasing body of research has examined the factors which lead people to morally disengage and its related outcomes in the workplace. However, the conceptualization of moral disengagement, how it should be measured, the manner in which it develops, and its influence on (...)
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  5.  60
    The Attentional Requirements of Consciousness.Michael A. Cohen, Patrick Cavanagh, Marvin M. Chun & Ken Nakayama - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (8):411-417.
  6.  20
    Principia Mathematica.Morris R. Cohen - 1912 - Philosophical Review 21 (1):87.
  7.  36
    An Introduction to Logic and Scientific Method.Morris Raphael Cohen - 1934 - New York, NY, USA: [Madison, Wis.]Pub. For the United States Armed Forces Institute by Harcourt, Brace and Company.
    A text that would find a place for the realistic formalism of Aristotle, the scientific penetration of Peirce, the pedagogical soundness of Dewey, and the ...
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  8. An Introduction to Logic and Scientific Method.Morris R. Cohen & Ernest Nagel - 1936 - Philosophy 11 (42):219-221.
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  9. An Introduction to Logic and Scientific Method.Morris R. Cohen - 1934 - The Monist 44:316.
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  10. Spiritual Leadership as a Paradigm for Organizational Transformation and Recovery From Extended Work Hours Cultures.Louis W. Fry & Melanie P. Cohen - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (S2):265 - 278.
    Various explanations are offered to explain why employees increasingly work longer hours: the combined effects of technology and globalization; people are caught up in consumerism; and the "ideal worker norm," when professionals expect themselves and others to work longer hours. In this article, we propose that the processes of employer recruitment and selection, employee self-selection, cultural socialization, and reward systems help create extended work hours cultures (EWHC) that reinforce these trends. Moreover, we argue that EWHC organizations are becoming more prevalent (...)
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  11.  45
    Opaque Updates.Michael Cohen - 2021 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 50 (3):447-470.
    If updating with E has the same result across all epistemically possible worlds, then the agent has no uncertainty as to the behavior of the update, and we may call it a transparent update. If an agent is uncertain about the behavior of an update, we may call it opaque. In order to model the uncertainty an agent has about the result of an update, the same update must behave differently across different possible worlds. In this paper, I study opaque (...)
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  12.  39
    The Implicit Morality of the Market and Joseph Heath’s Market Failures Approach to Business Ethics.Marc A. Cohen & Dean Peterson - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics (1):1-14.
    Joseph Heath defends competitive markets and conceptualizes business ethics with reference to Pareto efficiency, which he takes to be the “implicit morality of the market.” His justification for markets is that they generate Pareto efficient outcomes, meaning that markets optimally satisfy consumer preferences. And, for Heath, business ethics is the set of normative constraints—regulation and beyond-compliance norms—needed to preserve that outcome. The present paper accepts Heath’s claim that the economic justification for markets is ethical, in that satisfying consumer preferences is (...)
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  13.  39
    The Problem of Perception and the No-Miracles Principle.Michael Cohen - 2020 - Synthese 198 (11):11065-11080.
    The problem of perception is the problem of explaining how perceptual knowledge is possible. The skeptic has a simple solution: it is not possible. I analyze the weaknesses of one type of skeptical reasoning by making explicit a dynamic epistemic principle from dynamic epistemic logic that is implicitly used in debating the problem, with the aim of offering a novel diagnosis to this skeptical argument. I argue that prominent modest foundationalist responses to perceptual skepticism can be understood as rejecting the (...)
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  14.  41
    On Three Measures of Explanatory Power with Axiomatic Representations.Michael P. Cohen - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (4):1077-1089.
    Jonah N. Schupbach and Jan Sprenger and Vincenzo Crupi and Katya Tentori have recently proposed measures of explanatory power and have shown that they are characterized by certain arguably desirable conditions or axioms. I further examine the properties of these two measures, and a third measure considered by I. J. Good and Timothy McGrew . This third measure also has an axiomatic representation. I consider a simple coin-tossing example in which only the Crupi–Tentori measure does not perform well. The Schupbach–Sprenger (...)
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  15.  5
    The Paradigm and the Fuzzy Logical Model of Perception Are Alive and Well.Dominic W. Massaro & Michael M. Cohen - 1993 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (1):115-124.
  16.  42
    Inexact Knowledge and Dynamic Introspection.Michael Cohen - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):5509-5531.
    Cases of inexact observations have been used extensively in the recent literature on higher-order evidence and higher-order knowledge. I argue that the received understanding of inexact observations is mistaken. Although it is convenient to assume that such cases can be modeled statically, they should be analyzed as dynamic cases that involve change of knowledge. Consequently, the underlying logic should be dynamic epistemic logic, not its static counterpart. When reasoning about inexact knowledge, it is easy to confuse the initial situation, the (...)
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  17.  29
    Perception of Ensemble Statistics Requires Attention.Molly Jackson-Nielsen, Michael A. Cohen & Michael A. Pitts - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 48:149-160.
  18. Moral and Amoral Conceptions of Trust, with an Application in Organizational Ethics.Marc A. Cohen & John Dienhart - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 112 (1):1-13.
    Across the management, social science, and business ethics literatures, and in much of the philosophy literature, trust is characterized as a disposition to act given epistemic states—beliefs and/or expectations about others and about the risks involved. This characterization of trust is best thought of as epistemological because epistemic states distinguish trust from other dispositions. The epistemological characterization of trust is the amoral one referred to in the title of this paper, and we argue that this characterization is conceptually inadequate. We (...)
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  19.  92
    The Narrow Application of Rawls in Business Ethics: A Political Conception of Both Stakeholder Theory and the Morality of Markets.Marc A. Cohen - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 97 (4):563-579.
    This paper argues that Rawls’ principles of justice provide a normative foundation for stakeholder theory. The principles articulate (at an abstract level) citizens’ rights; these rights create interests across all aspects of society, including in the space of economic activity; and therefore, stakeholders – as citizens – have legitimate interests in the space of economic activity. This approach to stakeholder theory suggests a political interpretation of Boatright’s Moral Market approach, one that emphasizes the rights/place of citizens. And this approach to (...)
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  20.  11
    How Much Color Do We See in the Blink of an Eye?Michael A. Cohen & Jordan Rubenstein - 2020 - Cognition 200:104268.
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  21. An Experimental Investigation of Imprecision Attitude and its Relation with Risk Attitude and Impatience.Michèle Cohen, Jean-Marc Tallon & Jean-Christophe Vergnaud - 2011 - Theory and Decision 71 (1):81-110.
    We report in this paper the result of three experiments on risk, ambiguity and time attitude. The first two differed by the population considered (students vs. general population) while the third one used a different protocol and concerned students and portfolio managers. We find quite a lot of heterogeneity at the individual level. Of principal interest was the elicitation of risk, time and ambiguity attitudes and the relationship among these (model free) measures. We find that on the student population, there (...)
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  22.  36
    Deep Brain Stimulation to Reward Circuitry Alleviates Anhedonia in Refractory Major Depression.Thomas E. Schlaepfer, Michael X. Cohen, Caroline Frick, Markus Mathaus Kosel, Daniela Brodesser, Nikolai Axmacher, Alexius Young Joe, Martina Kreft, Doris Lenartz & Volker Sturm - unknown
    Deep brain stimulation to different sites allows interfering with dysfunctional network function implicated in major depression. Because a prominent clinical feature of depression is anhedonia--the inability to experience pleasure from previously pleasurable activities--and because there is clear evidence of dysfunctions of the reward system in depression, DBS to the nucleus accumbens might offer a new possibility to target depressive symptomatology in otherwise treatment-resistant depression. Three patients suffering from extremely resistant forms of depression, who did not respond to pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, and (...)
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  23.  48
    Epistemic Closure Filters for Natural Language Inference.Michael Cohen - manuscript
    Epistemic closure refers to the assumption that humans are able to recognize what entails or contradicts what they believe and know, or more accurately, that humans’ epistemic states are closed under logical inferences. Epistemic closure is part of a larger theory of mind ability, which is arguably crucial for downstream NLU tasks, such as inference, QA and conversation. In this project, we introduce a new automatically constructed natural language inference dataset that tests inferences related to epistemic closure. We test and (...)
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  24.  25
    Explanatory Justice: The Case of Disjunctive Explanations.Michael Cohen - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (3):442-454.
    Recent years have witnessed an effort to explicate the concept of explanatory power in a Bayesian framework by constructing explanatory measures. It has been argued that those measures should not violate the principle of explanatory justice, which states that explanatory power cannot be extended “for free.” I argue, by formal means, that one recent measure claiming to be immune from explanatory injustice fails to be so. I end by concluding that the explanatory justice criticism can be dissolved, given a natural (...)
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  25.  45
    Cortical Electrophysiological Network Dynamics of Feedback Learning.Michael X. Cohen, Katharina A. Wilmes & Irene van de Vijver - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (12):558-566.
  26.  8
    Mid-Level Perceptual Features Distinguish Objects of Different Real-World Sizes.Bria Long, Talia Konkle, Michael A. Cohen & George A. Alvarez - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (1):95-109.
  27.  24
    A Source Book in Greek Science. [REVIEW]E. N., Morris R. Cohen & I. E. Drabkin - 1949 - Journal of Philosophy 46 (22):715.
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  28. An Introduction to Logic and Scientific Method.Morris R. Cohen - 1935 - Philosophical Review 44:411.
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  29. Moral Skepticism and International Relations.Marshall Cohen - 1984 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 13 (4):299-346.
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  30.  49
    Apology as Self-Repair.Marc Cohen - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (3):585-598.
    Bernard Williams briefly discusses agent regret in his broader account of moral luck. The present paper first outlines one way to develop Williams’s notion with reference to the unintended harm; it then suggests that agent regret can be counteracted by externalizing the action that caused unintended harm, in Harry Frankfurt’s sense of externalization; and then the present paper argues that apology is a mechanism by which a person can externalize an offending action/effect—in that way counteracting agent regret. This function for (...)
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  31.  14
    Status of the Rationality Assumption in Psychology.Marvin S. Cohen - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):332-333.
  32.  18
    The Implicit Morality of the Market Is Consequentialist.Marc A. Cohen & Dean Peterson - 2020 - Business Ethics Journal Review 7 (4):21-26.
    Joseph Heath states that our paper “misinterpret[s]” and so misrepresents his account. The present Commentary corrects the record. Our paper (Cohen and Peterson 2019) outlined Heath’s account on his own terms; it explained that Heath distances himself from consequentialism. But then we argued that Heath is mistaken and so offered a repaired version of the market failures approach. Our central concern, in the original paper and in this short Commentary, is showing that the economic argument for markets is at the (...)
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  33.  9
    Fronto-Parietal Network Oscillations Reveal Relationship Between Working Memory Capacity and Cognitive Control.Rasa Gulbinaite, Hedderik van Rijn & Michael X. Cohen - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  34.  24
    An Introduction to Logic.Morris Raphael Cohen - 1962 - New York: Harcourt, Brace & World.
    Written for independent study and suitable for an introductory course in logic, this classic text combines a sound presentation of logic with effective pedagogy ...
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  35. An Introduction to Logic.Morris R. Cohen, Ernest Nagel & John Corcoran - 1994 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 30 (4):1064-1068.
     
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  36.  29
    On Schupbach and Sprenger’s Measures of Explanatory Power.Michael P. Cohen - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (1):97-109.
    Jonah N. Schupbach and Jan Sprenger have proposed conditions of adequacy for measures of explanatory power. They derive and defend a measure of explanatory power satisfying their conditions of adequacy. This article furthers the development of their measure. The requirement that the measure be multidimensional analytic is avoided. Several proofs are simplified, and gaps in proofs are filled.
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  37.  9
    Plato: The Written and Unwritten Doctrines.Maurice Cohen - 1976 - Philosophical Review 85 (3):432.
  38.  27
    Security Level, Potential Level, Expected Utility: A Three-Criteria Decision Model Under Risk.MichÈle Cohen - 1992 - Theory and Decision 33 (2):101.
  39.  27
    Ensemble Perception, Summary Statistics, and Perceptual Awareness: A Response.Michael A. Cohen, Daniel C. Dennett & Nancy Kanwisher - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (9):643-644.
  40.  34
    Individual Behavior Under Risk and Under Uncertainty: An Experimental Study. [REVIEW]M. Cohen, J. Y. Jaffray & T. Said - 1985 - Theory and Decision 18 (2):203-228.
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  41.  10
    Ethical Problems Arising in Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. E. Ernst, M. H. Cohen & J. Stone - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):156-159.
    Complementary and alternative medicine has become an important section of healthcare. Its high level of acceptance among the general population represents a challenge to healthcare professionals of all disciplines and raises a host of ethical issues. This article is an attempt to explore some of the more obvious or practical ethical aspects of complementary and alternative medicine.
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  42.  12
    A Preface to Logic.Morris Raphael Cohen - 1944 - New York: H. Holt and Company.
    Concise and readable, this introductory treatment examines logic and the concept of abstract reasoning as applied to the empirical world, as well as logic and statistical method, probability, scientific models, and more. 1944 edition.
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  43.  3
    Marx, Justice, and History.Marshall Cohen, Thomas Nagel & Thomas Scanlon - 1980 - Princeton University Press.
    The political and ideological turmoil of the late 1960's stimulated among Anglo-American philosophers a new interest in applying moral philosophy to the problems of contemporary society, and a search for critical perspectives on Marx and Marxist thought. These essays, originally published in Philosophy & Public Affairs, contribute to both these areas in the form of new Marxist scholarship and in illuminating the way in which Marxist criticism and social theory bear on contemporary analytic moral philosophy and current moral problems. Originally (...)
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  44.  13
    A Preface to Logic.H. R. Smart & Morris R. Cohen - 1945 - Philosophical Review 54 (6):621.
  45.  45
    Some Difficulties in Dewey's Anthropocentric Naturalism.Morris R. Cohen - 1940 - Philosophical Review 49 (2):196-228.
  46.  53
    Empathy in Business Ethics Education.Marc A. Cohen - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 9:359-375.
    This paper addresses the tactical question of how we ought to proceed in teachingbusiness ethics, taking as a starting point that business ethics should be concerned with cooperative,mutually beneficial outcomes, and in particular with fostering behavior that contributes to thoseoutcomes. This paper suggests that focus on moral reasoning as a tactical outcome—as a way ofachieving behavior in support of cooperative outcomes—is misplaced. Instead, we ought to focuson cultivating empathetic experiences. Intuitively, the problem we need to address in business ethicsis not (...)
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  47.  5
    The Neural Correlates of Religious and Nonreligious Belief.S. Harris, J. T. Kaplan, A. Curiel, S. Y. Bookheimer, M. Iacoboni & M. S. Cohen - unknown
    Background: While religious faith remains one of the most significant features of human life, little is known about its relationship to ordinary belief at the level of the brain. Nor is it known whether religious believers and nonbelievers differ in how they evaluate statements of fact. Our lab previously has used functional neuroimaging to study belief as a general mode of cognition, and others have looked specifically at religious belief. However, no research has compared these two states of mind directly. (...)
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  48.  12
    What Is the True Capacity of Visual Cognition?Michael A. Cohen - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (2):83-86.
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  49. A Dynamic Epistemic Logic with a Knowability Principle.Michael Cohen - 2015 - In Logic, Rationality, and Interaction. LORI 2015. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin: Springer. pp. 406-410.
    A dynamic epistemic logic is presented in which the single agent can reason about his knowledge stages before and after announcements. The logic is generated by reinterpreting multi agent private announcements in a single agent environment. It is shown that a knowability principle is valid for such logic: any initially true ϕ can be known after a certain number of announcements.
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  50. Aesthetic Essence.Marshall Cohen - 1965 - In Max Black (ed.), Philosophy in America. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. pp. 115--33.
     
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1 — 50 / 426