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Marian David [69]M. David [39]Madeleine David [17]Matthew David [9]
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Marian David
University of Graz
Michael David Kirchhoff
University of Wollongong
Mariano David
Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
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  1. Correspondence and Disquotation: An Essay on the Nature of Truth.Marian David - 1994 - Oxford University Press.
    Marian David defends the correspondence theory of truth against the disquotational theory of truth, its current major rival. The correspondence theory asserts that truth is a philosophically rich and profound notion in need of serious explanation. Disquotationalists offer a radically deflationary account inspired by Tarski and propagated by Quine and others. They reject the correspondence theory, insist truth is anemic, and advance an "anti-theory" of truth that is essentially a collection of platitudes: "Snow is white" is true if and only (...)
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  2. Truth as the Epistemic Goal.Marian David - 2001 - In M. Steup (ed.), Knowledge, Truth, and Duty. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 151-169.
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  3.  77
    Truth as the Primary Epistemic Goal: A Working Hypothesis.Marian David - 2013 - In Matthias Steup, John Turri & Ernest Sosa (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology (Second Edition). Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 363-377.
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  4.  17
    Review Essay: Working Without a Net: A Study of Egocentric EpistemologyWorking Without a Net: A Study of Egocentric Epistemology.Marian David & Richard Foley - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (4):943.
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  5. The Correspondence Theory of Truth.Marian David - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Narrowly speaking, the correspondence theory of truth is the view that truth is correspondence to a fact -- a view that was advocated by Russell and Moore early in the 20 th century. But the label is usually applied much more broadly to any view explicitly embracing the idea that truth consists in a relation to reality, i.e., that truth is a relational property involving a characteristic relation (to be specified) to some portion of reality (to be specified). During the (...)
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  6.  96
    Armstrong on Truthmaking.Marian David - 2005 - In Helen Beebee & Julian Dodd (eds.), Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate. Clarendon Press. pp. 141.
    Truthmakers have come to play a central role in David Armstrong's metaphysics. They are the things that stand in the relation of truthmaking to truthbearers. This chapter focuses on the relation. More specifically, it discusses a thesis Armstrong holds about truthmaking that is of special importance to him; namely, the thesis that truthmaking is an internal relation. It explores what work this thesis is supposed to do for Armstrong, especially for this doctrine of the ontological free lunch, raising questions and (...)
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  7. Knowledge-Closure and Skepticism.Marian David & Ted A. Warfield - 2008 - In Quentin Smith (ed.), Epistemology: New Essays. Oxford University Press.
  8. Defending Existentialism?Marian David - 2009 - In M. Reicher (ed.), States of Affairs. Ontos Verlag. pp. 167--209.
    This paper is concerned with a popular view about the nature of propositions, commonly known as the Russellian view of propositions. Alvin Plantinga has dubbed it, or more precisely, a crucial consequence of it, Existentialism, and in his paper “On Existentialism” (1983) he has presented a forceful argument intended as a reductio of this view. In what follows, I describe the main relevant ingredients of the Russellian view of propositions and states of affairs. I present a relatively simple response Russellians (...)
     
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  9.  74
    On 'Truth is Good'.Marian David - 2005 - Philosophical Books 46 (4):292-301.
    As to the preference which most people—as long as they are not annoyed by instances—feel in favor of true propositions, this must be based, apparently, upon an ultimate ethical proposition: ‘It is good to believe true propositions, and bad to believe false ones’. This proposition, it is to be hoped, is true; but if it is not, there is no reason to think that we do ill in believing it. Bertrand Russell, “Meinong’s Theory of Complexes and Assumptions” (1904).
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  10. Truth-Making and Correspondence.Marian David - 2009 - In E. J. Lowe (ed.), Truth and Truth-Making. Acumen Press.
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  11. Don't Forget About the Correspondence Theory of Truth.Marian David - 2004 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (1):42 – 47.
    Contra Lewis, it is argued that the correspondence theory is a genuine rival theory of truth: it goes beyond the redundancy theory; it competes with other theories of truth; it is aptly summarized by the slogan 'truth is correspondence to fact'; and it really is a theory of truth.
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  12.  23
    Lynch's Functionalist Theory of Truth.Marian David - 2013 - In Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen & Cory D. Wright (eds.), Truth and Pluralism: Current Debates. Oxford University Press. pp. 42.
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  13.  23
    Correspondence and Disquotation: An Essay on the Nature of Truth.Leon F. Porter & Marian David - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (1):82.
    The so-called “disquotational theory of truth” has not previously been developed much beyond the thesis that saying, for example, that ‘Snow is white’ is true amounts only to saying that snow is white. Marian David has set out to see what further sense can be made of the disquotational theory, and to compare its merits with those of correspondence theories of truth. His prognosis is that an intelligible disquotational theory of truth can be developed but will suffer from drastic shortcomings (...)
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  14.  80
    Content Essentialism.Marian David - 2002 - Acta Analytica 17 (1):103-114.
    The paper offers some preliminary and rather unsystematic reflections about the question: Do Beliefs Have Their Contents Essentially? The question looks like it ought to be important, yet it is rarely discussed. Maybe that’s because content essentialism, i.e., the view that beliefs do have their contents essentially, is simply too obviously and trivially true to deserve much discussion. I sketch a common-sense argument that might be taken to show that content essentialism is indeed utterly obvious and/or trivial. Somewhat against this, (...)
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  15. Neither Mentioning 'Brains in a Vat' nor Mentioning Brains in a Vat Will Prove That We Are Not Brains in a Vat.Marian David - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (4):891-896.
    In Reason, Truth, and History Hilary Putnam has presented an anti-skeptical argument purporting to prove that we are not brains in a vat. How exactly the argument goes is somewhat controversial. A number of competing "recon¬structions" have been proposed. They suffer from a defect which they share with what seems to be Putnam's own version of the argument. In this paper, I examine a very simple and rather natural reconstruction of the argument, one that does not employ any premises in (...)
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  16. Kim's Functionalism.Marian David - 1997 - Philosophical Perspectives 11:133-48.
    In some recent articles, Jaegwon Kim has argued that non-reductive physicalism is a myth: when it comes to the mind-body problem, the only serious options are reductionism, eliminativism, and dualism.[1] And when it comes to reductionism, Kim is inclined to regard a functionalist theory of the mind as the best available option—mostly because it offers the best explanation of mind-body supervenience. In this paper, I will discuss Kim’s views about functionalism. They may be contended on two general grounds. First, some (...)
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  17. Minimalism and the Facts About Truth.Marian David - 2002 - In R. Schantz (ed.), What is Truth?
    Minimalism, Paul Horwich’s deflationary conception of truth, has recently received a makeover in form of the second edition of Horwich’s highly stimulating book Truth1. I wish to use this occasion to explore a thesis vital to Minimalism: that the minimal theory of truth provides an adequate explanation of the facts about truth. I will indicate why the thesis is vital to Minimalism. Then I will argue that it can be saved from objections only by tampering with the standards of adequate (...)
     
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  18. Analyticity, Carnap, Quine, and Truth.Marian David - 1996 - Philosophical Perspectives 10:281-296.
    Quine’s paper “Two Dogmas of Empiricism” is famous for its attack on analyticity and the analytic/synthetic distinction. But there is an element of Quine’s attack that should strike one as extremely puzzling, namely his objection to Carnap’s account of analyticity. For it appears that, if this objection works, it will not only do away with analyticity, it will also do away with other semantic notions, notions that (or so one would have thought) Quine does not want to do away with, (...)
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  19. Truth as Identity and Truth as Corespondence.M. David - 2001 - In Michael P. Lynch (ed.), The Nature of Truth: Classic and Contemporary Perspectives. MIT Press.
  20. Some T-Biconditionals.Marian David - 2005 - In B. Armour-Garb & J. C. Beall (eds.), Deflationary Truth. Open Court. pp. 382--419.
    The T-biconditionals, also known as T-sentences or T-equivalences, play a very prominent role in contemporary work on truth. It is widely held that they are so central to our understanding of truth that conformance with them is indispensable to any account of truth that aspires to be adequate. Even “deflationists” and “inflationists” tend to agree on this point; their debate turns largely on just how central a role these biconditionals can play in a theory of truth. In the present paper, (...)
     
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  21.  72
    Quine's Ladder: Two and a Half Pages From the Philosophy of Logic.Marian David - 2008 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 32 (1):274-312.
    I want to discuss, in some detail, a short section from Quine’s Philosophy of Logic. It runs from pages 10 to 13 of the second, revised edition of the book and carries the subheading ‘Truth and semantic ascent’.1 In these two and a half pages, Quine presents his well-known account of truth as a device of disquotation, employing what I call Quine’s Ladder. The section merits scrutiny, for it has become the central document for contemporary deflationary views about truth.
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  22.  10
    Truth: A Primer.Marian David & Frederick F. Schmitt - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (3):441.
    Schmitt allots a chapter to each of the main types of theories about truth: pragmatism, coherentism, deflationism, and the correspondence theory. He discusses various arguments for these positions and concludes that only the arguments supporting the correspondence theory are successful. Schmitt's positive case for correspondence makes up the least original part of the book. He explicitly credits Field and remarks that he is mainly concerned with making Field's difficult account more accessible —a task that he discharges honorably..) Schmitt also offers (...)
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  23. Review: From a Deflationary Point of View. [REVIEW]Marian David - 2007 - Mind 116 (462):427-434.
    The review of this collection is primarily concerned with essays pertaining to Horwich's deflationary approaches to truth and meaning.
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  24.  80
    Küenne on Conceptions of Truth. [REVIEW]Marian David - 2006 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 70 (1):179-191.
    The review focuses on Küenne's account of truthmaking and on his minimalist approach to truth.
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  25. Truth and Identity.Marian David - 2002 - In J. K. Campbell & M. O'Rourke (eds.), Meaning and Truth: Investigations in Philosophical Semantics.
    According to a classical correspondence theory of truth, a proposition is true iff it corresponds to a fact. The approach has its competitors. One of them, the identity theory of truth, pushes for a surprising simplification. It says that true propositions do not correspond to facts, they are facts. Some find this view too bizarre to be taken seriously. Some are attracted to it because they worry that the correspondence theory opens a gap between our thoughts and reality--a gap that, (...)
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  26.  56
    Theories of Truth.Marian David - 2004 - In I. Niiniluoto, M. Sintonen & J. Wolenski (eds.), Handbook of Epistemology. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 331--414.
  27.  12
    Anti-Realism.Marian David - 2016 - Disputatio 8 (43):173-185.
    According to metaphysical realism, we would have to compare our thought with mind-independent reality, if we want to gain knowledge about the world. Such a comparison is impossible. Yet we can gain knowledge about the world. So metaphysical realism is false. — I take this to be the historically most influential argumentative line opposing metaphysical realism. The paper develops this argument, the Main Anti-Realist Argument, in more detail and offers a brief critical discussion of its crucial assumptions.
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  28.  32
    Introduction To: Definitions.Marian A. David - 1993 - Philosophical Studies 72 (2-3):111-114.
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  29.  19
    Mind, Meaning and Metaphysics: The Philosophy and Theory of Language of Anton Marty.Marian A. David & Kevin Mulligan - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (1):229.
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  30.  28
    Kim's Functionalism.Marian David - 1997 - Noûs 31 (S11):133-148.
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  31.  27
    Lick Rates in Gerbils.Robert W. Schaeffer & Mike David - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 2 (5):257-260.
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  32.  51
    The Seriousness of Doubt and Our Natural Trust in the Senses in the First Meditation.MacArthur David - 2003 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 33 (2):159 - 181.
    In the present paper I shall argue that the real problem here is the very idea that there is a dilemma that compels us to choose sides. We can hold both that the meditator's doubts are fully serious, and that they leave the perspective of common sense largely unscathed. The key to dissolving the dilemma is to see that the meditator observes a distinction between two levels of epistemic standards: the very demanding standards appropriate to certainty, understood in a rather (...)
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  33.  68
    Truth as One and Many.Marian David - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (4):743-746.
    Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Volume 89, Issue 4, Page 743-746, December 2011.
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  34.  8
    Nonexistence and Reid’s Conception of Conceiving.Marian David - 1985 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 25 (1):585-599.
    Brentano's famous thesis of the Intentionality of the Mental was already formulated by Thomas Reid who used it in his campaign against the Locke-Berkeley-Hume Theory of Ideas. Apphed to the case of conceiving the thesis says that to conceive is to conceive something. This principle stands in apparent conflict with the common-sensical view, defended by Reid, that we can conceive what does not exist. Both principles, it is argued, are plausible and should be retained. The problem is how to resolve (...)
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  35.  43
    Lick Rates in New Zealand White Rabbits.Robert W. Schaeffer & Mike David - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 2 (1):43-44.
  36.  35
    Nonexistence and Reid’s Conception of Conceiving.Marian David - 1985 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 25 (1):585-599.
    Brentano's famous thesis of the Intentionality of the Mental was already formulated by Thomas Reid who used it in his campaign against the Locke-Berkeley-Hume Theory of Ideas. Apphed to the case of conceiving the thesis says that to conceive is to conceive something. This principle stands in apparent conflict with the common-sensical view, defended by Reid, that we can conceive what does not exist. Both principles, it is argued, are plausible and should be retained. The problem is how to resolve (...)
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  37.  47
    Truth, Eliminativism, and Disquotationalism.Marian A. David - 1989 - Noûs 23 (5):599-614.
  38.  14
    An Analysis of Us Disinvestment From South Africa: Unity, Rights, and Justice.Malone David & Goodin Susanna - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (16):1687-1703.
    This study examines the issues associated with the disinvestment of U.S. interests from South Africa that took place in the mid-80s from the perspective of three dominant moral theories: utility, rights, and justice. By examining the issues in light of these three theories, the paper attempts to establish a decision framework from which managers and investors can evaluate similar decisions they are facing around the world today. Similarly, the reading may prove useful to educators who incorporate discussions of ethical decision (...)
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  39. Two Conceptions of the Synthetic A Priori.Marian David - 1997 - In L. E. Hahn (ed.), The Philosophy of Roderick Chisholm (The Library of Living Philosophers). Chicago: Open Court. pp. 629--651.
    Roderick Chisholm appears to agree with Kant on the question of the existence of synthetic a priori knowledge. But Chisholm’s conception of the a priori is a traditional Aristotelian conception and differs markedly from Kant’s. Closer scrutiny reveals that their agreement on the question of the synthetic a priori is merely verbal: what Kant meant to affirm, Chisholm denies. Curiously, it looks as if Chisholm agreed on all substantive issues with the empiricist rejection of Kant’s synthetic a priori. In the (...)
     
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  40.  2
    Science in Society.Matthew David - 2005 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Science/Technoscience has moved to center stage in debates over change, power and justice in twenty-first century societies. This text provides a general framework for understanding, combining and applying the rich range of approaches that exist within sociology about science: in particular, the role (and limitations) of science in generating knowledge, and the relationship between scientific knowledge and social progress. Drawing on case studies such as the genetics and computing "revolutions," this is a clear, even-handed and comprehensive introduction to the field.
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  41.  61
    Review of Gerald Vision, Veritas: The Correspondence Theory and its Critics[REVIEW]Marian David - 2005 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (10).
    The review focuses on Visions' general approach to correspondence theories.
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  42.  23
    Appearance in This List Neither Guarantees nor Precludes a Future Review of the Book. Agamben, Giorgio, Trans. Kevin Attell, State of Exception, London and Chicago: Univer-Sity of Chicago Press, 2005, Pp. Vii+ 95,£ 8.50, $12.00. Aiken, William and John Haldane (Eds), Philosophy and Its Public Role, Exeter, UK and Charlottesville, VA: Imprint Academic, 2004, Pp. Vi+ 272,£ 14.95, $29.90. [REVIEW]Michael A. Bishop, J. D. Trout, L. Johannes Brandl, Marian David, Leopold Stubenberg, Herman Cappelen & Ernie Lepore - 2005 - Mind 114:454.
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  43.  31
    On the Roles of Trustworthiness and Acceptance.Marian David - 1991 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 40 (1):93-107.
    Our tmst in our own trustworthiness as evaluators of tmth plays a uniquely important role in Lehrer's recent work in epistemology. Lehrer has claimed that a person who trusts in her own trustworthiness has a reason for accepting everything she accepts, including that she is trustworthy. This claim is too bold, trust in our trustworthiness cannot play the epistemic role Lehrer assigns to it. Neither does a suitably revised version of the claim succeed in assigning any important epistemic role to (...)
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  44.  14
    Mind, Meaning and Metaphysics: The Philosophy and Theory of Language of Anton Marty. [REVIEW]Marian A. David - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (1):229-232.
  45.  6
    On the Roles of Trustworthiness and Acceptance.Marian David - 1991 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 40 (1):93-107.
    Our tmst in our own trustworthiness as evaluators of tmth plays a uniquely important role in Lehrer's recent work in epistemology. Lehrer has claimed that a person who trusts in her own trustworthiness has a reason for accepting everything she accepts, including that she is trustworthy. This claim is too bold, trust in our trustworthiness cannot play the epistemic role Lehrer assigns to it. Neither does a suitably revised version of the claim succeed in assigning any important epistemic role to (...)
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  46. Existence, Fiction, Assumption. Meinongian Themes and the History of Austrian Philosophy. Meinong Studies, Vol. VI.Mauro Antonelli & Marian David (eds.) - 2016 - de Gruyter.
     
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  47.  18
    Logical, Ontological, and Historical Contributions on the Philosophy of Alexius Meinong.Mauro Antonelli & Marian David (eds.) - 2014 - De Gruyter.
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  48.  23
    The Editors of Philosophy and Phenomenological Research Thank the Members of the Editorial Board and the Following Scholars, Who Have Served as Referees During the Period of October 2006 Through July 2007. [REVIEW]Melissa Barry, John Bishop, Benjamin Bradley, Sarah Buss, Ben Caplan, Erik Carlson, John Carriero, Peter Carruthers, C. A. J. Coady & Marian David - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (3).
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  49.  7
    The Wisconsin Assets and Incomes Studies Archive.Richard A. Bauman, Martin H. David & Roger F. Miller - 1967 - Social Science Information 6 (6):49-70.
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  50.  20
    Papyrological Primer; Second Edition. [REVIEW]H. I. Bell, M. David & B. A. van Groningen - 1946 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 66:145-146.
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