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Profile: Mylan Engel Jr (Northern Illinois University)
Profile: Maxwell Engel
Profile: Magdalena Engel
  1.  63
    Vegetarianism.Mylan Engel Jr - 2016 - Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics.
    Ethical vegetarians maintain that vegetarianism is morally required. The principal reasons offered in support of ethical vegetarianism are: (i) concern for the welfare and well-being of the animals being eaten, (ii) concern for the environment, (iii) concern over global food scarcity and the just distribution of resources, and (iv) concern for future generations. Each of these reasons is explored in turn, starting with a historical look at ethical vegetarianism and the moral status of animals.
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  2.  86
    The Immorality of Eating Meat.Mylan Engel Jr - 2000 - Chapter in The Moral Life:856-889.
    Unlike other ethical arguments for veganism, the argument advanced is not predicated on the wrongness of speciesism, nor does it depend on your believing that all animals are equal or that all animals have a right to life, nor is it predicated on some highly contentious metaethical theory which you reject. Rather, it is predicated on your beliefs. Simply put, the argument shows that even those of you who are steadfastly committed to valuing humans over nonhumans are nevertheless committed to (...)
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  3.  61
    The Mere Considerability of Animals.Mylan Engel Jr - 2001 - Acta Analytica 27:89-108.
    Singer and Regan predicate their arguments -- for ethical vegetarianism, against animal experimentation, and for an end to animal exploitation generally -- on the equal considerability premise (EC). According to (EC), we owe humans and sentient nonhumans exactly the same degree of moral considerability. While Singer's and Regan's conclusions follow from (EC), many philosophers reject their arguments because they find (EC)'s implications morally repugnant and intuitively unacceptable. Like most people, you probably reject (EC). Never the less, you're already committed to (...)
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  4.  93
    Is Epistemic Luck Compatible with Knowledge?Mylan Engel Jr - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (2):59-75.
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  5. Personal and Doxastic Justification in Epistemology.Mylan Engel Jr - 1992 - Philosophical Studies 67 (2):133-150.
  6.  73
    What's Wrong with Contextualism, and a Noncontextualist Resolution of the Skeptical Paradox.Mylan Engel Jr - 2004 - Erkenntnis 61 (2-3):203-231.
    Skeptics try to persuade us of our ignorance with arguments like the following: 1. I dont know that I am not a handless brain-in-a-vat [BIV]. 2. If I dont know that I am not a handless BIV, then I dont know that I have hands. Therefore, 3. I dont know that I have hands. The BIV argument is valid, its premises are intuitively compelling, and yet, its conclusion strikes us as absurd. Something has to go, but what? Contextualists contend that (...)
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  7.  28
    The Commonsense Case for Ethical Vegetarianism.Mylan Engel Jr - 2016 - Between the Species: A Journal of Ethics 19 (1):2-31.
    The article defends ethical vegetarianism, which, for present purposes, is stipulatively taken to be the view that it is morally wrong to eat animals when equally nutritious plant-based foods are available. Several examples are introduced to show that we all agree that animals deserve some direct moral consideration and to help identify and clarify several commonsense moral principles—principles we all accept. These principles are then used to argue that eating animals is morally wrong. Since you no doubt accept these principles, (...)
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  8.  88
    Coherentism and the Epistemic Justification of Moral Beliefs: A Case Study in How to Do Practical Ethics Without Appeal to a Moral Theory.Mylan Engel Jr - 2012 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 50 (1):50-74.
    This paper defends a coherentist approach to moral epistemology. In “The Immorality of Eating Meat”, I offer a coherentist consistency argument to show that our own beliefs rationally commit us to the immorality of eating meat. Elsewhere, I use our own beliefs as premises to argue that we have positive duties to assist the poor and to argue that biomedical animal experimentation is wrong. The present paper explores whether this consistency-based coherentist approach of grounding particular moral judgments on beliefs we (...)
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  9.  10
    Do Animals Have Rights and Does It Matter If They Don't?Mylan Engel Jr - 2016 - In Mylan Engel & Gary Comstock (eds.), The Moral Rights of Animals. Lanham, MD: Lexington. pp. 39-64.
  10. A Unified Projection Formalism for the Al–Pd–Mn Quasi-Crystal Ξ-Approximants and Their Metadislocations.M. Engel & H. -R. Trebin - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (20):2227-2247.
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  11.  84
    Intemalism, the Gettier Problem, and Metaepistemological Skepticism.Mylan Engel Jr - 2000 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 60:99-117.
    When it comes to second-order knowledge (i.e. knowing that one knows), internalists typically contend that when we know that p, we can, by reflecting, directly know that we are knowing it. Gettier considerations are employed to challenge this internalistic contention and to make out a prima facie case for internalistic metaepistemological skepticism, the thesis that no one ever intemalistically knows that one internalistically knows that p. In particular, I argue that at the metaepistemological second-order level, the Gettier problem generates three (...)
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  12. A Noncontextualist Account of Contextualist Linguistic Data.Mylan Engel Jr - 2005 - Acta Analytica 20 (2):56-79.
    The paper takes as its starting point the observation that people can be led to retract knowledge claims when presented with previously ignored error possibilities, but offers a noncontextualist explanation of the data. Fallibilist epistemologies are committed to the existence of two kinds of Kp -falsifying contingencies: (i) Non-Ignorable contingencies [NI-contingencies] and (ii) Properly-Ignorable contingencies [PI-contingencies]. For S to know that p, S must be in an epistemic position to rule out all NI-contingencies, but she need not be able to (...)
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  13.  10
    The Problem of Other Minds: A Reliable Solution.Mylan Engel Jr - 1993 - Acta Analytica 11 (11):87-109.
    Paul Churchland characterizes the "epistemological problem" in philosophy of mind as the problem "concerned with how we come to have knowledge of the internal activities of conscious, intelligent minds." This problem is itself divided into two separate, but related problems: (1) the problem of self-consciousness -- that of determining how one comes to have knowledge of one's own mental states, and (2) the problem of other minds -- that of explaining how one can ever come to know that something other (...)
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  14.  58
    Taking Hunger Seriously.Mylan Engel Jr - 2004 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 4 (1):29-57.
    An argument is advanced to show that affluent and moderately affluent people, like you and me, are morally obligated: (O1) To provide modest financial support for famine relief organizations and/or other humanitanan organizations working to reduce the amount of unnecessary suffering and death in the world, and (O2) To refrain from squandering food that could be fed to humans in situations of food scarcity. Unlike other ethical arguments for the obligation to assist the world’s absolutely poor, my argument is not (...)
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  15. Tiling Models for Metadislocations in AlPdMn Approximants.M. Engel & H. -R. Trebin - 2006 - Philosophical Magazine 86 (6-8):979-984.
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  16.  9
    Epistemic Luck.Mylan Engel Jr - 2011 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy:1-41.
    Epistemic luck is a generic notion used to describe any of a number of ways in which it can be accidental, coincidental, or fortuitous that a person has a true belief. For example, one can form a true belief as a result of a lucky guess, as when one believes through guesswork that “C” is the right answer to a multiple-choice question and one’s belief just happens to be correct. One can form a true belief via wishful thinking; for example, (...)
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  17.  78
    The Equivocal or Question-Begging Nature of Evil Demon Arguments for External World Skepticism.Mylan Engel Jr - 2005 - Southwest Philosophy Review 21 (1):163-178.
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  18.  18
    Russellizing Russell: A Reply to His “a Critique of Lehrer's Coherentism”.Mylan Engel Jr - 1992 - Philosophical Studies 66 (1):99 - 108.
  19.  34
    Positism: The Unexplored Solution to the Epistemic Regress Problem.Mylan Engel Jr - 2014 - Metaphilosophy 45 (2):146-160.
    As we trace a chain of reasoning backward, it must ultimately do one of four things: (i) end in an unjustified belief, (ii) continue infinitely, (iii) form a circle, or (iv) end in an immediately justified basic belief. This article defends positism—the view that, in certain circumstances, type-(i) chains can justify us in holding their target beliefs. One of the assumptions that generates the epistemic regress problem is: (A) Person S is mediately justified in believing p iff (1) S has (...)
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  20. Stability of the Decagonal Quasicrystal in the Lennard–Jones–Gauss System.M. Engel & H. -R. Trebin - 2008 - Philosophical Magazine 88 (13-15):1959-1965.
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  21.  29
    Coarsening Brand on Events, While Proliferating Davidsonian Events.Myian Engel Jr - 1994 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 47:155-183.
    A course-grained theory of event individuation is defended by arguing that events are spatiotemporal particulars with an ontological affinity to coarse-grained physical objects and by demonstrating that the metalinguistic correlate to one set of adequate identity conditions for events is most plausibly iterpreted as coarsely individuating events. Such coarse-grained events, it is argued, do admit of divisibility proliferation, much like the proliferation of physical objects entailed by Goodman's calculus of individuals. This coase-grained, divisibility proliferation account of events is then used (...)
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  22.  20
    Inconsistency: The Coherence Theorist's Nemesis?Mylan Engel Jr - 1991 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 40:113-130.
    The relationship between inconsistency and Lehrerian coherence is scrutinized. Like most coherence theorists of epistemic justification, Lehrer contends that consistency is necessary for coherence. Despite this contention, minimally inconsistent belief-sets prove coherent and rationally acceptable on Lehrer's account of coherence. Lehrer is left with the following dilemma: If consistency is necessary for coherence, then (i) he must revise his account of coherence accordingly and, more importantly, (ii) such coherence is nof necessary for justification, since intuitively we are justified in accepting (...)
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  23. Naturphilosophische Uberzeugungen als forschungsleitendes Motiv—Die asymmetrische Synthese von Pasteur bis Bredig.Michael Engel - 1999 - In Nikolaos Psarros & Kōstas Gavroglou (eds.), Ars Mutandi: Issues in Philosophy and History of Chemistry. Leipziger Universitätsverlag. pp. 29--49.
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  24.  24
    Review of Michael J. Murray, Nature Red in Tooth and Claw: Theism and the Problem of Animal Suffering[REVIEW]Mylan Engel Jr - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (2).
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  25.  18
    In Defense of Pure Reason Laurence Bonjour Cambridge Studies in Philosophy New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998, Xiv + 232 Pp., $54.95, $18.95 Paper. [REVIEW]Mylan Engel Jr - 2000 - Dialogue 39 (01):163-.
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  26.  14
    Review ofPractical Ethics, 3rd Editionby Peter Singer. [REVIEW]Mylan Engel Jr - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (12):73-75.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 12, Page 73-75, December 2011.
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  27.  6
    Achieving “Narrative Flow”: Pre-Medical Education as an Essential Chapter of a Physician's Story. [REVIEW]Mary F. Engel - 2005 - Journal of Medical Humanities 26 (1):39-51.
    This article explores the disconnection between what pre-professional students expect from college and what their undergraduate education might foster, between the focus on “getting into medical school” and the development of humanistic physicians. It reviews the longstanding challenge inherent in helping pre-meds acquire not only sufficient scientific background but also well-developed interpersonal skills to help them understand patients’ experience of illness and their own interactions with other members of the health care team. Clinical experiences from the NEH Institute are interpreted (...)
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  28.  6
    Review of Practical Ethics, by Peter Singer. [REVIEW]Mylan Engel Jr - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (12):73 - 75.
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  29.  1
    Coarsening Brand on Events, While Proliferating Davidsonian Events.Mylan Engel Jr - 1994 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 47:155-183.
    A course-grained theory of event individuation is defended by arguing that events are spatiotemporal particulars with an ontological affinity to coarse-grained physical objects and by demonstrating that the metalinguistic correlate to one set of adequate identity conditions for events is most plausibly iterpreted as coarsely individuating events. Such coarse-grained events, it is argued, do admit of divisibility proliferation, much like the proliferation of physical objects entailed by Goodman's calculus of individuals. This coase-grained, divisibility proliferation account of events is then used (...)
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  30.  3
    Forschungsarchiv für Romantische Anthropologie.Manfred Engel - 1998 - NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine 6 (1):255-256.
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  31. Bernstein on Moral Status and the Comparative Value of Lives.Mylan Engel Jr - forthcoming - Journal of Animal Ethics.
    By stipulation, the Human Superiority Thesis [HST] consists of two claims: (1) the interests of humans should be given preferential consideration relative to the like interests of nonhuman animals, and (2) the lives of humans are more valuable than the lives of nonhuman animals. In his recent book, Mark Bernstein argues that both claims are false. I present and assess Bernstein’s main arguments, pointing out where they succeed and where they fall short. I then suggest ways of shoring up and (...)
     
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  32. Coherentism Reliabilized.Mylan Engel Jr - 1986 - Acta Analytica 2:49-77.
     
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  33. Ethical Extensionism.Mylan Engel Jr - 2008 - In Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy, Vol. 1. Detroit, MI: Gale Cengage Learning. pp. 396-398.
     
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  34. Epistemic Luck.Mylan Engel Jr - 2010 - In Jonathan Dancy, Ernest Sosa & Matthias Steup (eds.), A Companion to Epistemology, Second Edition. Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 336-340.
     
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  35. Inconsistency: The Coherence Theorist's Nemesis?Mylan Engel - 1991 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 40:113-130.
    The relationship between inconsistency and Lehrerian coherence is scrutinized. Like most coherence theorists of epistemic justification, Lehrer contends that consistency is necessary for coherence. Despite this contention, minimally inconsistent belief-sets prove coherent and rationally acceptable on Lehrer's account of coherence. Lehrer is left with the following dilemma: If consistency is necessary for coherence, then he must revise his account of coherence accordingly and, more importantly, such coherence is nof necessary for justification, since intuitively we are justified in accepting such minimally (...)
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  36. Intemalism, the Gettier Problem, and Metaepistemological Skepticism.Mylan Engel Jr - 2000 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 60:99-117.
    When it comes to second-order knowledge, internalists typically contend that when we know that p, we can, by reflecting, directly know that we are knowing it. Gettier considerations are employed to challenge this internalistic contention and to make out a prima facie case for internalistic metaepistemological skepticism, the thesis that no one ever intemalistically knows that one internalistically knows that p. In particular, I argue that at the metaepistemological second-order level, the Gettier problem generates three distinct problems which, taken together, (...)
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  37. Laurence BonJour, in Defense of Pure Reason.Mylan Engel Jr - 2000 - Dialogue 39:163-166.
     
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  38. Letters to the Editor.Milton B. Engel & Theodore B. Schwartz - 1992 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 35 (4):621-622.
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  39.  28
    Personal and Doxastic Variants of Epistemic Justification and Their Roles in the Theory of Knowledge.Mylan Engel Jr - 1988 - Dissertation, The University of Arizona
    Most epistemologists agree that epistemic justification is required for knowledge. This requirement is usually formulated in one of two ways: S knows that p only if S is justified in believing that p. S knows that p only if S's belief that p is justified. Surprisingly and are generally regarded as synonymous formulations of the justification condition. In Chapter 1, I argue that such a synonymy thesis is mistaken and that, in fact, and specify substantively different requirements. requires that the (...)
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  40. Paul Warren Taylor.Mylan Engel Jr - 2008 - In Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy, Vol. 2. Detroit, MI: Gale Cengage Learning. pp. 302-304.
  41. Review of Mark Devries’s Documentary Film "Speciesism: The Movie".Mylan Engel Jr - 2014 - The Philosophers’ Magazine (65):123-124.
     
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  42. The Commonsense Case Against Animal Experimentation.Mylan Engel Jr - 2012 - In Jeremy Garret (ed.), The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. pp. 215-236.
  43. The Kiefer Argument.Mylan Engel & Wolfgang L. Gombocz - 1984 - In Wolfgang Leopold Gombocz (ed.), Philosophy of Religion. D. Reidel [Distributor].
     
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  44. The Moral Rights of Animals.Mylan Engel & Gary Lynn Comstock (eds.) - 2016 - Lanham, MD: Lexington.
    This volume brings together essays by seminal figures and rising stars in the fields of animal ethics and moral theory to analyze and evaluate the moral status of non-human animals, with a special focus on the question of whether or not animals have moral rights. Though wide-ranging in many ways, these fourteen original essays and one reprinted essay direct significant attention to both the main arguments for animal rights and the biggest challenges to animal rights. This volume explores the question (...)
     
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  45.  73
    The Philosophy of Animal Rights: A Brief Introduction for Students and Teachers.Mylan Engel Jr - 2010 - Lantern Books.
    The book also contains an extensive bibliography of references and philosophical resources.
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  46.  2
    The Study of Philosophy.Morris S. Engel, Angelika Soldan & Kevin Durand - 2007 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This 6th edition of S. Morris Engel's engaging and critical work preserves the strengths of the earlier editions_intriguing examples and timely reflections on the major fields of philosophical inquiry by some of the most important minds in the history of ideas _and expands the discussions of those fields. The new edition also incorporates expanded explorations of contemporary discussions in fields of continental and analytic philosophy, theories of justice, and feminism.
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  47. Tierethik, Tierrechte, und moralische Integrität.Mylan Engel Jr - 2007 - In Tierrechte: Eine interdisziplinäre Herausforderung. Erlangen, Germany: Harald Fischer Verlag. pp. 105-133.
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  48. Zebras and Cleverly Disguised Mules.Mylan Engel Jr - 2010 - In Jonathan Dancy, Ernest Sosa & Matthias Steup (eds.), A Companion to Epistemology, Second Edition. Oxford. pp. 788-793.
     
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  49. Structural Variations Inϵ-Type Al–Pd– Complex Metallic Alloy Phases.M. Heggen, M. Engel, S. Balanetskyy, H. -R. Trebin & M. Feuerbacher - 2008 - Philosophical Magazine 88 (4):507-521.
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