Results for 'M. Masuda'

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  1.  17
    Outcomes of Written Living Wills in Japan--A Survey of the Deceased Ones' Families.Yuichiro Masuda, M. Fetters, Hiroshi Shimokata, Emiko Muto, Nanaka Mogi, Akihisa Iguchi & Kazumasa Uemura - 2000 - Bioethics Forum 17 (1):41-52.
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  2. La diversité originelle des langues et des sociétés dans l'«Essai sur l'origine des langues».M. Masuda - 1988 - Etudes Jean-Jacques Rousseau 2:87-109.
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  3.  3
    Інформаційно-Комп’Ютерні Комунікації Науково-Освітньої Діяльності В Умовах Інтеграції України В Європейський Освітній Простір.О. V. Sosnin & M. A. Azhazha - 2018 - Гуманітарний Вісник Запорізької Державної Інженерної Академії 74:159-172.
    The relevance of the research is that the information and computer communications of scientific and educational activity as a factor of the development of the information society are analyzed. Statement of the task - the modern stage of the socio-political development of Ukraine is characterized by the unprecedented pace of development of a new information and communication arrangement of scientific and educational activities in society and, as a result, its development as informational and civic. Object of research - information and (...)
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  4.  29
    Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research Integrity: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro. 31 May - 3 June 2015.Lex Bouter, Melissa S. Anderson, Ana Marusic, Sabine Kleinert, Susan Zimmerman, Paulo S. L. Beirão, Laura Beranzoli, Giuseppe Di Capua, Silvia Peppoloni, Maria Betânia de Freitas Marques, Adriana Sousa, Claudia Rech, Torunn Ellefsen, Adele Flakke Johannessen, Jacob Holen, Raymond Tait, Jillon Van der Wall, John Chibnall, James M. DuBois, Farida Lada, Jigisha Patel, Stephanie Harriman, Leila Posenato Garcia, Adriana Nascimento Sousa, Cláudia Maria Correia Borges Rech, Oliveira Patrocínio, Raphaela Dias Fernandes, Laressa Lima Amâncio, Anja Gillis, David Gallacher, David Malwitz, Tom Lavrijssen, Mariusz Lubomirski, Malini Dasgupta, Katie Speanburg, Elizabeth C. Moylan, Maria K. Kowalczuk, Nikolas Offenhauser, Markus Feufel, Niklas Keller, Volker Bähr, Diego Oliveira Guedes, Douglas Leonardo Gomes Filho, Vincent Larivière, Rodrigo Costas, Daniele Fanelli, Mark William Neff, Aline Carolina de Oliveira Machado Prata, Limbanazo Matandika, Sonia Maria Ramos de Vasconcelos & Karina de A. Rocha - 2016 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 1 (Suppl 1).
    Table of contentsI1 Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research IntegrityConcurrent Sessions:1. Countries' systems and policies to foster research integrityCS01.1 Second time around: Implementing and embedding a review of responsible conduct of research policy and practice in an Australian research-intensive universitySusan Patricia O'BrienCS01.2 Measures to promote research integrity in a university: the case of an Asian universityDanny Chan, Frederick Leung2. Examples of research integrity education programmes in different countriesCS02.1 Development of a state-run “cyber education program of research ethics” in (...)
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  5.  31
    Culture and Change Blindness.Takahiko Masuda & Richard E. Nisbett - 2006 - Cognitive Science 30 (2):381-399.
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  6.  32
    When Is Perception Top-Down and When Is It Not? Culture, Narrative, and Attention.Sawa Senzaki, Takahiko Masuda & Keiko Ishii - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (7):1493-1506.
    Previous findings in cultural psychology indicated that East Asians are more likely than North Americans to be attentive to contextual information (e.g., Nisbett & Masuda, ). However, to what extent and in which conditions culture influences patterns of attention has not been fully examined. As a result, universal patterns of attention may be obscured, and culturally unique patterns may be wrongly assumed to be constant across situations. By carrying out two cross-cultural studies, we demonstrated that (a) both European Canadians (...)
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  7.  21
    Physicians's Reports on the Impact of Living Wills at the End of Life in Japan.Y. Masuda - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (4):248-252.
    Context: A growing number of Japanese people have completed advance directives, especially living wills, even though there is no legislation recognising such documents and little empirical research on their impact on clinical care at the end of life in Japan.Objectives: To investigate physicians’ attitudes about living wills and their experiences with patients who had completed a living will and later died.Design: Self administered survey and qualitative study using open question and content analysis.Setting: Japan.Participants: Physicians known to have cared for a (...)
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  8.  18
    Socioeconomic and Demographic Variation in Nutritional Status of Under-Five Bangladeshi Children and Trend Over the Twelve-Year Period 1996–2007.Masuda Mohsena, Rie Goto & C. G. Nicholas Mascie-Taylor - 2017 - Journal of Biosocial Science 49 (2):222-238.
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  9.  6
    Profit Sharing Introducing the Judgement of Incomplete Perception.Ken Saito & Shiro Masuda - 2004 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 19:379-388.
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  10.  17
    Examining Cultural Drifts in Artworks Through History and Development: Cultural Comparisons Between Japanese and Western Landscape Paintings and Drawings.Kristina Nand, Takahiko Masuda, Sawa Senzaki & Keiko Ishii - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  11. A Historical Overview of Art Education in Japan.Kingo Masuda - 2003 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 37 (4):3-11.
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  12.  9
    A Historical Overview of Art Education in Japan.Kingo Masuda - 2003 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 37 (4):3.
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  13.  17
    An Ontology Quality Refinement System Based on Comparison of Comprihensive Hierarchies Following Each Property分類観点毎の概念階層の包括的な比較に基づくオントロジー品質向上支援システムの開発.Takeshi Masuda, Kouji Kozaki & Kazunori Komatani - 2018 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 33 (2):B-H82_1-10.
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  14.  2
    A Refinement Method to Improve Ontology Quality Based on a Comparison of Concept Hierarchies.Takeshi Masuda & Kouji Kozaki - 2017 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 32 (2):E-G71_1-10.
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  15. MASUDA, J. - Der individualistische Idealismus der Yog'c'ra-Schule. [REVIEW]P. Masson-Oursel - 1928 - Scientia 22 (44):73.
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  16. Masuda, J. - Der Individualistische Idealismus Der Yog'c'ra-schule. [REVIEW]P. Masson-Oursel - 1928 - Scientia, Rivista di Scienza 22 (44):73.
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  17. Narrative Representation Theory: Identifying the Human Language with Superstructure.Hirokuni Masuda - 2017 - Discourse Studies 19 (6):648-672.
    Narrative Representation Theory, an evolved framework of Verse Analysis, has come into existence with the mission of explaining the operation of macro-systemic structure that could be hardwired in the brain. Based on the analyses of creoles or archetypal human languages, the theory puts forward the premise stating that the fundamental design of the human language faculty possesses the computational system for internalized discourse. The theory preserves the principles of Quint-patterning, Idea-formatting, N-ary-branching and X-numbering, complying respectively with the hierarchical orderings of (...)
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  18.  13
    One Label or Two? Linguistic Influences on the Similarity Judgment of Objects Between English and Japanese Speakers.Takahiko Masuda, Keiko Ishii, Koji Miwa, Marghalara Rashid, Hajin Lee & Rania Mahdi - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  19.  8
    Fragile Environment, Seasonality and Maternal and Childhood Undernutrition in Bangladesh.Masuda Mohsena, Mahabub Hossain, Barnali Chakraborty, Abdul Bayes & A. N. Mahfuzur Rahman - 2018 - Journal of Biosocial Science 50 (5):579-603.
    SummaryThis study assessed whether agricultural and household incomes were the same across different agro-ecological environments in Bangladesh. An in-depth analysis of the effect of unfavourable ecologies on maternal and child malnutrition was carried out. Data were from a longitudinal data set comprising a nationally representative data sample collected in 2014 and the Food Security Nutrition Surveillance Project conducted in 2011 and 2012. Anthropometric indices were used to assess the nutritional status of mothers and under-five children. The key variables of interest (...)
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  20.  10
    Collaborative Video Annotation by Sharing Tag Clouds.Daisuke Yamamoto, Tomoki Masuda, Shigeki Ohira & Katashi Nagao - 2010 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 25:243-251.
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  21.  52
    Situational Differences in Dialectical Emotions: Boundary Conditions in a Cultural Comparison of North Americans and East Asians.Janxin Leu, Batja Mesquita, Phoebe C. Ellsworth, Zhang ZhiYong, Yuan Huijuan, Emma Buchtel, Mayumi Karasawa & Takahiko Masuda - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (3):419-435.
  22.  78
    William M. Ramsey * Representation Reconsidered.M. Sprevak - 2011 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 62 (3):669-675.
  23.  41
    Subjective Rightness: Holly M. Smith.Holly M. Smith - 2010 - Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (2):64-110.
    Twentieth century philosophers introduced the distinction between “objective rightness” and “subjective rightness” to achieve two primary goals. The first goal is to reduce the paradoxical tension between our judgments of what is best for an agent to do in light of the actual circumstances in which she acts and what is wisest for her to do in light of her mistaken or uncertain beliefs about her circumstances. The second goal is to provide moral guidance to an agent who may be (...)
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  24.  24
    A Study of Intermediate Propositional Logics on the Third Slice.Tsutomu Hosoi & Isao Masuda - 1993 - Studia Logica 52 (1):15 - 21.
    The intermediate logics have been classified into slices (cf. Hosoi [1]), but the detailed structure of slices has been studied only for the first two slices (cf. Hosoi and Ono [2]). In order to study the structure of slices, we give a method of a finer classification of slices & n (n 3). Here we treat only the third slice as an example, but the method can be extended to other slices in an obvious way. It is proved that each (...)
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  25.  9
    Formation and Magnetic Properties Ofp-Type Icosahedral Quasicrystals in Zn–Fe–Sc–L Alloys.S. Kashimoto, C. Masuda, S. Motomura, S. Matsuo & T. Ishimasa - 2007 - Philosophical Magazine 87 (18-21):2929-2937.
  26.  5
    Background Music Dependent Reduction of Aversive Perception and Its Relation to P3 Amplitude Reduction and Increased Heart Rate.Masahiro Matsuo, Fumi Masuda, Yukiyoshi Sumi, Masahiro Takahashi, Atsushi Yoshimura, Naoto Yamada & Hiroshi Kadotani - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  27.  20
    Review. Norton M Wise (Ed). The Values of Precision.M. Suarez - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (3):483-486.
  28. I—R. M. Sainsbury and Michael Tye: An Originalist Theory of Concepts.R. M. Sainsbury & Michael Tye - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):101-124.
    We argue that thoughts are structures of concepts, and that concepts should be individuated by their origins, rather than in terms of their semantic or epistemic properties. Many features of cognition turn on the vehicles of content, thoughts, rather than on the nature of the contents they express. Originalism makes concepts available to explain, with no threat of circularity, puzzling cases concerning thought. In this paper, we mention Hesperus/Phosphorus puzzles, the Evans-Perry example of the ship seen through different windows, and (...)
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  29.  26
    I–T. M. Scanlon.T. M. Scanlon - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):301-317.
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  30. Measuring the Consequences of Rules: Holly M. Smith.Holly M. Smith - 2010 - Utilitas 22 (4):413-433.
    Recently two distinct forms of rule-utilitarianism have been introduced that differ on how to measure the consequences of rules. Brad Hooker advocates fixed-rate rule-utilitarianism, while Michael Ridge advocates variable-rate rule-utilitarianism. I argue that both of these are inferior to a new proposal, optimum-rate rule-utilitarianism. According to optimum-rate rule-utilitarianism, an ideal code is the code whose optimum acceptance level is no lower than that of any alternative code. I then argue that all three forms of rule-utilitarianism fall prey to two fatal (...)
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  31.  58
    W. M. Ramsay—The Historical Geography of Asia Minor.W. W. & W. M. Ramsay - 1890 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 11:352-353.
  32.  31
    A. M. Mayer's Experiments with Floating Magnets and Their Use in the Atomic Theories of Matter.H. A. M. Snelders - 1976 - Annals of Science 33 (1):67-80.
    In the years 1878 and 1879 the American physicist Alfred Marshall Mayer published his experiments with floating magnets as a didactic illustration of molecular actions and forms. A number of physicists made use of this analogy of molecular structure. For William Thomson they were a mechanical illustration of the kinetic equilibrium of groups of columnar vortices revolving in circles round their common centre of gravity . A number of modifications of Mayer's experiments were described, which gave configurations which were more (...)
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  33. String and M-Theory: Answering the Critics. [REVIEW]M. J. Duff - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (1):182-200.
    Using as a springboard a three-way debate between theoretical physicist Lee Smolin, philosopher of science Nancy Cartwright and myself, I address in layman’s terms the issues of why we need a unified theory of the fundamental interactions and why, in my opinion, string and M-theory currently offer the best hope. The focus will be on responding more generally to the various criticisms. I also describe the diverse application of string/M-theory techniques to other branches of physics and mathematics which render the (...)
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  34.  60
    II—M.G.F. Martin.M. G. F. Martin - 1997 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):75-98.
  35.  19
    How to Combine Hermeneutics and Wide Reflective Equilibrium?: A Comment on M. Ebbesen and B. Pedersen, How to Formulate Normative Ethical Principles by Use of Empirical Investigations Within Biomedicine.Guy A. M. Widdershoven - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (1):49-52.
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  36.  38
    M. Poincaré's Science Et Hypothése.M. PoincarÉ - 1906 - Mind 15 (57):141-b-143.
  37.  79
    What Logic Should We Think With?: R. M. Sainsbury.R. M. Sainsbury - 2002 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 51:1-17.
    Logic ought to guide our thinking. It is better, more rational, more intelligent to think logically than to think illogically. Illogical thought leads to bad judgment and error. In any case, if logic had no role to play as a guide to thought, why should we bother with it? The somewhat naïve opinions of the previous paragraph are subject to attack from many sides. It may be objected that an activity does not count as thinking at all unless it is (...)
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  38.  31
    Facts, Freedom and Foreknowledge: E. M. Zemach and D. Widerker.E. M. Zemach - 1987 - Religious Studies 23 (1):19-28.
    Is God's foreknowledge compatible with human freedom? One of the most attractive attempts to reconcile the two is the Ockhamistic view, which subscribes not only to human freedom and divine omniscience, but retains our most fundamental intuitions concerning God and time: that the past is immutable, that God exists and acts in time, and that there is no backward causation. In order to achieve all that, Ockhamists distinguish ‘hard facts’ about the past which cannot possibly be altered from ‘soft facts’ (...)
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  39.  35
    Demons in Hindutva: Writing a Theology for Hindu Nationalism: M. Reza Pirbhai.M. Reza Pirbhai - 2008 - Modern Intellectual History 5 (1):27-53.
    This article explores the vast body of English language works on Hinduism published since 1981 by Voice of India—an influential right-wing Hindu publishing house headquartered in New Delhi, but contributed to by Indians at “home” and in diasporic communities, as well as Europeans and North Americans. Focus on the construction of the Hindu “Self” and the non-Hindu “Other” shows the manner in which European thought, primarily represented by the contributions of colonial-era British and German indologists, but bolstered by evangelicals, Utilitarians (...)
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  40.  80
    Setting Things Before the Mind: M.G.F. Martin.M. G. F. Martin - 1998 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 43:157-179.
    Listening to someone from some distance in a crowded room you may experience the following phenomenon: when looking at them speak, you may both hear and see where the source of the sounds is; but when your eyes are turned elsewhere, you may no longer be able to detect exactly where the voice must be coming from. With your eyes again fixed on the speaker, and the movement of her lips a clear sense of the source of the sound will (...)
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  41. Th.O.M.A.S.: An Exploratory Assessment of Theory of Mind in Schizophrenic Subjects.Francesca M. Bosco, Livia Colle, Silvia De Fazio, Adele Bono, Saverio Ruberti & Maurizio Tirassa - 2009 - Cogprints 18 (1):306-319.
    A large body of literature agrees that persons with schizophrenia suffer from a Theory of Mind deficit. However, most empirical studies have focused on third-person, egocentric ToM, underestimating other facets of this complex cognitive skill. Aim of this research is to examine the ToM of schizophrenic persons considering its various aspects, to determine whether some components are more impaired than others. We developed a Theory of Mind Assessment Scale and administered it to 22 persons with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia (...)
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  42. Autobiography of a Geisha. By Sayo Masuda.T. Botz - 2005 - The European Legacy 10 (7):749.
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  43. Control of Eye Movements in Reading Comics.Taku Ishii, Takeharu Igaki, Takahide Omori, Keiko Kurata & Naoe Masuda - 2006 - In D. Andler, M. Okada & I. Watanabe (eds.), Reasoning and Cognition. pp. 281.
     
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  44.  51
    Cartesian Causation: Body–Body Interaction, Motion, and Eternal Truths Tad M. SchmaltzE-Mail The Corresponding Author.Tad M. Schmaltz - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (4):737-762.
    There is considerable debate among scholars over whether Descartes allowed for genuine body–body interaction. I begin by considering Michael Della Rocca’s recent claim that Descartes accepted such interaction, and that his doctrine of the creation of the eternal truths indicates how this interaction could be acceptable to him. Though I agree that Descartes was inclined to accept real bodily causes of motion, I differ from Della Rocca in emphasizing that his ontology ultimately does not allow for them. This is not (...)
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  45.  89
    Against Dworkin's Endorsement Constraint: T. M. Wilkinson.T. M. Wilkinson - 2003 - Utilitas 15 (2):175-193.
    Ronald Dworkin argues on the basis of a theory of well-being that critical paternalism is self-defeating. People must endorse their lives if they are to benefit. This is the endorsement constraint and this paper rejects it. For certain kinds of important mistakes that people can make in their lives, the endorsement constraint is either incredible or too narrow to rule out as much paternalism as Dworkin wants. The endorsement constraint cannot be interpreted to give sensible judgements when people change their (...)
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  46.  46
    Virtue and Character: A. D. M. Walker.A. D. M. Walker - 1989 - Philosophy 64 (249):349-362.
    Moral theories which, like those of Plato, Aristotle and Aquinas, give a central place to the virtues, tend to assume that as traits of character the virtues are mutually compatible so that it is possible for one and the same person to possess them all. This assumption—let us call it the compatibility thesis—does not deny the existence of painful moral dilemmas: it allows that the virtues may conflict in particular situations when considerations associated with different virtues favour incompatible courses of (...)
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  47.  21
    The Philosophy of Roderick M. Chisholm. [REVIEW]Timm Triplett, Lewis Edwin Hahn & Roderick M. Chisholm - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (3):450.
    In the intellectual autobiography that opens this book, Chisholm divides philosophers into “drones” and “commentators,” placing himself in the first group. As a drone, Chisholm proposed solutions to philosophical problems and asked his students and colleagues to try to refute him. He reports that they often did, sending him back to the drawing board. Chisholm’s wry self-description says much about his manner as well as his method. A more pretentious philosopher might have spoken of his dogged search for philosophical truth (...)
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  48. H. M. Hyndman: A Rereading and a Reassessment.M. Bevir - 1991 - History of Political Thought 12 (1):125.
  49.  30
    Russell on Acquaintance: R. M. Sainsbury.R. M. Sainsbury - 1986 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 20:219-244.
    In Russell's Problems of Philosophy, acquaintance is the basis of thought and also the basis of empirical knowledge. Thought is based on acquaintance, in that a thinker has to be acquainted with the basic constituents of his thoughts. Empirical knowledge is based on acquaintance, in that acquaintance is involved in perception, and perception is the ultimate source of all empirical knowledge.
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  50. 48 Eddy M. Zemach.Lucia M. Vaina - 1990 - Synthese 83:49-91.
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