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Mathias Risse [111]M. Risse [2]
  1.  47
    On Global Justice.Mathias Risse - 2012 - Princeton University Press.
    The grounds of justice -- "Un pouvoir ordinaire": shared membership in a state as a ground of -- Justice -- Internationalism versus statism and globalism: contemporary debates -- What follows from our common humanity? : the institutional stance, human rights, and nonrelationism -- Hugo Grotius revisited : collective ownership of the Earth and global public reason -- "Our sole habitation" : a contemporary approach to collective ownership of the earth -- Toward a contingent derivation of human rights -- Proportionate use (...)
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  2. How Does the Global Order Harm the Poor?Mathias Risse - 2005 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 33 (4):349-376.
  3. Racial Profiling.Mathias Risse & Richard Zeckhauser - 2004 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (2):131-170.
    We have benefited from conversations with Archon Fung, Brian Jacob, Todd Pittinsky, Peter Schuck, Ani Satz, Andrew Williams, and students in a joint class on statistics and ethics at the John F. Kennedy School of Government in October 2002. We are also grateful to our audience at the conference “The Priority of Practice,” organized by Jonathan Wolff at University College London in September 2003, and to Arthur Applbaum, Miriam Avins, Frances Kamm, Simon Keller, Frederick Schauer, Alan Wertheimer, and the Editors (...)
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  4. Do We Owe the Global Poor Assistance or Rectification?Mathias Risse - 2005 - Ethics and International Affairs 19 (1):9-18.
    Risse asserts that the global order "can plausibly be credited with the considerable improvements in human well-being that have been achieved over the last 200 years. Much of what Pogge says about our duties toward developing countries is therefore false.".
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  5. What We Owe to the Global Poor.Mathias Risse - 2005 - The Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):81-117.
    This essay defends an account of the duties to the global poor that is informed by the empirical question of what makes countries rich or poor, and that tends to be broadly in agreement with John Rawlss account in The Law of Peoples. I begin by introducing the debate about the sources of growth and explore its implications for duties towards the poor. Next I explore whether (and deny that) there are any further-reaching duties towards the poor. Finally, I ask (...)
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  6. The Right to Relocation: Disappearing Island Nations and Common Ownership of the Earth.Mathias Risse - 2009 - Ethics and International Affairs 23 (3):281-300.
    Risse is concerned with humanity's common ownership of the earth, which has implications for a range of global problems. In particular, it helps illuminate the moral claims to international aid of small island nations whose existence is threatened by global climate change--such as Kiribati.
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  7. On the Morality of Immigration.Mathias Risse - 2008 - Ethics and International Affairs 22 (1):25–33.
    This essay makes a plea for the relevance of moral considerations in debates about immigration. It offers a standpoint that demonstrates why one should think of immigration as a moral problem that must be considered in the context of global justice.
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  8.  81
    What to Say About the State.Mathias Risse - 2006 - Social Theory and Practice 32 (4):671-698.
  9.  11
    Chapter 8. Proportionate Use: Immigration and Original Ownership of the Earth.Mathias Risse - 2012 - In On Global Justice. Princeton University Press. pp. 152-166.
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  10.  35
    Three Images of Trade: On the Place of Trade in a Theory of Global Justice.Gabriel Wollner & Mathias Risse - 2014 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 1 (2):201-225.
    Economic theory teaches that it is in every country’s interest to trade. Trade is a voluntary activity among consenting parties. On this view, considerations of justice have little bearing on trade, and political philosophers concerned with global justice should stay largely silent on trade. According to a very different view that has recently gained prominence, international trade can only occur before the background of an international market reliance practice shaped by states. Trade is a shared activity among states, and all (...)
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  11.  27
    Responsibility and Global Justice.Mathias Risse - 2017 - Ratio Juris 30 (1):41-58.
    The two traditional ways of thinking about justice at the global level either limit the applicability of justice to states—the only distributions that can be just or unjust, strictly speaking, are within the state—or else extend it to all human beings. The view I defend in On Global Justice rejects both of these approaches. Instead, my view, and thus my attempt at meeting the aforementioned challenge, acknowledges the existence of multiple grounds of justice. My purpose here is to explain what (...)
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  12.  7
    Acknowledgments.Mathias Risse - 2012 - In On Global Justice. Princeton University Press.
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  13. Two Models of Equality and Responsibility.Michael Blake & Mathias Risse - 2008 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 38 (2):165-199.
  14.  16
    Tax Competition and Global Interdependence.Mathias Risse & Marco Meyer - 2019 - Journal of Political Philosophy 27 (4):480-498.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  15.  97
    Arguing for Majority Rule.Mathias Risse - 2004 - Journal of Political Philosophy 12 (1):41–64.
    ALTHOUGH majority rule finds ready acceptance whenever groups make decisions, there are surprisingly few philosophically interesting arguments in support of it.1 Jeremy Waldron’s The Dignity of Legislation contains the most interesting recent defense of majority rule. Waldron combines his own argument from respect with May’s influential characterization of majority rule, tying both to a reinterpretation of a well-known passage from Locke’s Second Treatise (“the body moves into the direction determined by the majority of forces”). Despite its impressive resourcefulness, Waldron’s defense (...)
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  16.  95
    Does Left-Libertarianism Have Coherent Foundations?Mathias Risse - 2004 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 3 (3):337-364.
    Left-libertarian theories of justice hold that agents are full self-owners and that natural resources are owned in some egalitarian manner. Some philosophers find left-libertarianism promising because it seems that it coherently underwrites both some demands of material equality and some limits on the permissible means of promoting such equality. However, the main goal of this article is to argue that, as far as coherence is concerned, at least one formulation of left-libertarianism is in trouble. This formulation is that of Michael (...)
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  17.  50
    Fairness in Trade I: Obligations From Trading and the Pauper-Labor Argument.Mathias Risse - 2007 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 6 (3):355-377.
    Standard economic theory teaches that trade benefits all countries involved, at least in the long run. While there are other reasons for trade liberalization, this insight, going back to Ricardo's 1817 Principles of Political Economy , continues to underlie international economics. Trade also raises fairness questions. First, suppose A trades with B while parts of A's population are oppressed. Do the oppressed in A have a complaint in fairness against B? Should B cease to trade? Second, suppose because of oppression (...)
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  18.  15
    Tax Competition and Global Interdependence.Mathias Risse & Marco Meyer - 2019 - Journal of Political Philosophy 27 (4):480-498.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  19.  69
    Fairness in Trade II: Export Subsidies and the Fair Trade Movement.Malgorzata Kurjanska & Mathias Risse - 2008 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 7 (1):29-56.
    Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, USA, mathias_risse{at}ksg.harvard.edu ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> It is a widespread view that support for Fair Trade is called for, whereas agricultural subsidies are pegged as unjustifiable. Though one supports farmers in developing countries while the other does the same for those in already developed ones, there are, nonetheless, similarities between both scenarios. Both are economically `inefficient', upholding production beyond what the market would sustain. In both cases, supportive arguments (...)
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  20. Racial Profiling: A Reply to Two Critics.Mathias Risse - 2007 - Criminal Justice Ethics 26 (1):4-19.
  21.  10
    Beyond Porn and Discreditation: Epistemic Promises and Perils of Deepfake Technology in Digital Lifeworlds.Mathias Risse & Catherine Kerner - 2021 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 8 (1):81-108.
    Deepfakes are a new form of synthetic media that broke upon the world in 2017. Bringing photoshopping to video, deepfakes replace people in existing videos with someone else’s likeness. Currently most of their reach is limited to pornography, and they are also used to discredit people. However, deepfake technology has many epistemic promises and perils, which concern how we fare as knowers. Our goal is to help set an agenda around these matters, to make sure this technology can help realize (...)
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  22.  23
    Critical Notice of Aaron James, Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy.Mathias Risse & Gabriel Wollner - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (3):382-401.
    Nobody has offered such a comprehensive philosophical approach to trade. Nonetheless, James's approach does not succeed. First, we explore James's constructivist method, which does less work than he suggests. The second topic is James's take on the different ‘grounds’ of justice. We explore the shortcomings of approaches that focus exclusively on trade. Our third topic is why James thinks trade is such a ground. The fourth topic is how James argues for his proposed ‘structural equity.’ This proposal remains under-argued. Our (...)
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  23.  95
    Common Ownership of the Earth as a Non-Parochial Standpoint: A Contingent Derivation of Human Rights.Mathias Risse - 2009 - European Journal of Philosophy 17 (2):277-304.
  24.  19
    What Difference Can It Make: Why Write Books on Global Justice in the First Place?Mathias Risse - 2016 - Journal of International Political Theory 12 (2):96-117.
    This article looks at different conceptions of what political philosophy is as a vocation, with an eye on the question of what is the point of writing books specifically on global justice. The occasion for reflecting on this question is a particular line of criticism that has been advanced against my 2012 book On Global Justice. I introduce a Platonic conception of political philosophy and then turn to two contemporary conceptions: one due to Habermas and one due to Rawls. The (...)
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  25.  89
    The Human Right to Water and Common Ownership of the Earth.Mathias Risse - 2014 - Journal of Political Philosophy 22 (2):178-203.
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  26. Nietzschean 'Animal Psychology' Versus Kantian Ethics.Mathias Risse - 2007 - In Brian Leiter & Neil Sinhababu (eds.), Nietzsche and Morality. Oxford University Press. pp. 57--82.
     
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  27. Why the Count de Borda Cannot Beat the Marquis de Condorcet.Mathias Risse - unknown
    Although championed by the Marquis the Condorcet and many others, majority rule has often been rejected as indeterminate, incoherent, or implausible. Majority rule’s arch competitor is the Borda count, proposed by the Count de Borda, and there has long been a dispute between the two approaches. In several..
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  28.  81
    An Exchange: The Morality of Immigration.Ryan Pevnick, Philip Cafaro & Mathias Risse - 2008 - Ethics and International Affairs 22 (3):241-259.
    Writing in EIA 22, no. 1, Mathias Risse presented a novel way to think about the problem of immigration in the context of global justice, adopting the standpoint of the common ownership of the earth. The following Exchange is in response to that essay.
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  29. The Second Treatise in In the Genealogy of Morality: Nietzsche on the Origin of the Bad Conscience.Mathias Risse - 2001 - European Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):55-81.
    On a postcard to Franz Overbeck from January 4, 1888, Nietzsche makes some illuminating remarks with respect to the three treatises in his book On the Genealogy of Morality.2 Nietzsche says that, ‘for the sake of clarity, it was necessary artificially to isolate the different roots of that complex structure that is called morality. Each of these three treatises expresses a single primum mobile; a fourth and fifth are missing, as is even the most essential (‘the herd instinct’) – for (...)
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  30.  98
    Harsanyi's 'Utilitarian Theorem' and Utilitarianism.Mathias Risse - 2002 - Noûs 36 (4):550–577.
    1.1 In 1955, John Harsanyi proved a remarkable theorem:1 Suppose n agents satisfy the assumptions of von Neumann/Morgenstern (1947) expected utility theory, and so does the group as a whole (or an observer). Suppose that, if each member of the group prefers option a to b, then so does the group, or the observer (Pareto condition). Then the group’s utility function is a weighted sum of the individual utility functions. Despite Harsanyi’s insistence that what he calls the Utilitarian Theorem embeds (...)
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  31. Migration, Territoriality, and Culture.Michael Blake & Mathias Risse - 2008 - In Ryberg Jesper & Petersen Thomas (eds.), New Waves in Applied Ethics. Palgrave.
    Little work has been done to explore the moral foundations of the state’s right to territory.1 In modern times, the state has mostly been assumed to be a territorial unit, and no need was perceived to reflect on precisely what justifies its territorial jurisdiction. The state’s territoriality is related to another topic that has remained under-theorized: immigration. There is, moreover, an obvious relationship between these topics: the more powerful a state’s rights over its territory, the more powerful the right to (...)
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  32.  8
    Multilateralism and Megaregionalism From the Grounds-of-Justice Standpoint.Mathias Risse - 2017 - Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric 10 (1).
    This paper considers the trend towards megaregionalism that became prominent in the trade domain in the last years of the Obama administration. While megaregionalism has fallen by the wayside since Trump’s inauguration, the underlying rationale for such treaties will most likely reassert itself rather soon. So there are structural issues that need to be discussed from a standpoint of global justice. In all likelihood, megaregionalism is detrimental to global justice. TTIP in particular, or anything like it, might derail any possibility (...)
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  33. Is There a Human Right to Free Movement? Immigration and Original Ownership of the Earth.Michael Blake & Mathias Risse - 2009 - Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 23 (133):166.
    1. Among the most striking features of the political arrangements on this planet is its division into sovereign states.1 To be sure, in recent times, globalization has woven together the fates of communities and individuals in distant parts of the world in complex ways. It is partly for this reason that now hardly anyone champions a notion of sovereignty that would entirely discount a state’s liability the effects that its actions would have on foreign nationals. Still, state sovereignty persists as (...)
     
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  34.  5
    CHAPTER 1. The Grounds of Justice.Mathias Risse - 2012 - In On Global Justice. Princeton University Press. pp. 1-20.
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  35.  79
    On God and Guilt: A Reply to Aaron Ridley.Mathias Risse - 2005 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 29 (1):46-53.
    1. Let me begin by distinguishing two conceptions of guilt. The first conceives of guilt as an experience of reprehensible failure in response to specific actions. I feel guilty if I break a promise for reasons that cannot justify this transgression. This conception of guilt as a responsive attitude, which I call locally- reactive guilt, captures a tension in one’s agency that arises from a local failure. The second conception understands guilt as a condition that shapes one’s whole existence. Guilt, (...)
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  36. What Equality of Opportunity Could Not Be.Mathias Risse - 2002 - Ethics 112 (4):720-747.
    This study is concerned with john R0emer’s Equality of Opportunity} I argue that his theory is committed to compatibilism but that one of its central claims is plausible only within a libertarian view on the free-will problem. Thus Roemer’s theory is troubled by a deep structural inco— herence and should be rejected as an account of equality of opportunity? Let me briefly introduce some background to Roemer’s theory. Contemporary egalitarians face two major challenges: first, they need..
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  37.  5
    Common Ownership of the Earth as a Non‐Parochial Standpoint: A Contingent Derivation of Human Rights.Mathias Risse - 2009 - European Journal of Philosophy 17 (2):277-304.
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  38.  71
    On the Philosophy of Group Decision Methods I: The Nonobviousness of Majority Rule.Mathias Risse - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (5):793-802.
    Majority rule is often adopted almost by default as a group decision rule. One might think, therefore, that the conditions under which it applies, and the argument on its behalf, are well understood. However, the standard arguments in support of majority rule display systematic deficiencies. This article explores these weaknesses, and assesses what can be said on behalf of majority rule.
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  39.  87
    Origins of Ressentiment and Sources of Normativity.Mathias Risse - 2003 - Nietzsche-Studien 32 (1):142-170.
  40. A Right to Work? A Right to Leisure? Labor Rights as Human Rights.Mathias Risse - 2009 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 3 (1):1-39.
    Labor rights are the first to come up for criticism when accounts of human rights are offered in response to philosophical questions about them, and notoriously so Article 24, which talks about `rest and leisure' and `period holidays with pay.' This study first tries to make it plausible why labor rights would appear on the Universal Declaration, and next articulates some philosophical objections to their presence there. The interesting question then is not so much how one could respond to the (...)
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  41.  34
    Arrow's Theorem, Indeterminacy, and Multiplicity Reconsidered.Mathias Risse - 2001 - Ethics 111 (4):706-734.
  42.  9
    The Eternal Recurrence: A Freudian Look at What Nietzsche Took to Be His Greatest Insight.Mathias Risse - 2009 - In Ken Gemes & Simon May (eds.), Nietzsche on Freedom and Autonomy. Oxford University Press. pp. 223.
  43.  14
    On Where We Differ: Sites Versus Grounds of Justice, and Some Other Reflections on Michael Blake’s Justice and Foreign Policy.Mathias Risse - 2016 - Law and Philosophy 35 (3):251-270.
    Blake’s book conveys a straightforward directive: the foreign policy of liberal states should be guided and constrained by the goal of helping other states to become liberal democracies as well. This much is what we owe to people in other countries—this much but nothing more. The primary addressees are wealthier democracies, whose foreign policy ought to be guided by the idea of equality of all human beings. My approach in On Global Justice bears important similarities to Blake’s, but with those (...)
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  44.  52
    On the Philosophy of Group Decision Methods II: Alternatives to Majority Rule.Mathias Risse - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (5):803-812.
    In this companion piece to 'On the Philosophy of Group Decision Methods I: The Non-Obviousness of Majority Rule', we take a closer look at some competitors of majority rule. This exploration supplements the conclusions of the other piece, as well as offers a further-reaching introduction to some of the challenges that this field currently poses to philosophers.
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  45.  45
    Bayesian Group Agents and Two Modes of Aggregation.M. Risse - 2003 - Synthese 135 (3):347-377.
    Suppose we have a group of Bayesian agents, and suppose that theywould like for their group as a whole to be a Bayesian agent as well. Moreover, suppose that thoseagents want the probabilities and utilities attached to this group agent to be aggregated from theindividual probabilities and utilities in reasonable ways. Two ways of aggregating their individual data areavailable to them, viz., ex ante aggregation and ex post aggregation. The former aggregatesexpected utilities directly, whereas the latter aggregates probabilities and utilities (...)
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  46.  38
    Nietzsche’s “Joyous and Trusting Fatalism”.Mathias Risse - 2003 - International Studies in Philosophy 35 (3):147-162.
  47.  8
    Bayesian Group Agents and Two Modes of Aggregation.M. Risse - 2003 - Synthese 135 (3):347-377.
    Suppose we have a group of Bayesian agents, and suppose that they would like for their group as a whole to be a Bayesian agent as well. Moreover, suppose that those agents want the probabilities and utilities attached to this group agent to be aggregated from the individual probabilities and utilities in reasonable ways. Two ways of aggregating their individual data are available to them, viz., ex ante aggregation and ex post aggregation. The former aggregates expected utilities directly, whereas the (...)
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  48.  47
    What is Rational About Nash Equilibria?Mathias Risse - 2000 - Synthese 124 (3):361 - 384.
    Nash Equilibrium is a central concept ingame theory. It has been argued that playing NashEquilibrium strategies is rational advice for agentsinvolved in one-time strategic interactions capturedby non-cooperative game theory. This essaydiscusses arguments for that position: vonNeumann–Morgenstern's argument for their minimaxsolution, the argument from self-enforcingagreements, the argument from the absence ofprobabilities, the transparency-of-reasons argument,the argument from regret, and the argument fromcorrelated equilibrium. All of these argumentseither fail entirely or have a very limited scope.Whatever the use of Nash Equilibrium is, therefore,it is (...)
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  49.  6
    Response to Arneson, de Bres, and Stilz.Mathias Risse - 2014 - Ethics and International Affairs 28 (4):511-522.
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  50.  28
    Instability of Ex Post Aggregation in the Bolker–Jeffrey Framework and Related Instability Phenomena.Mathias Risse - 2001 - Erkenntnis 55 (2):239-270.
    Suppose n Bayesian agents need to make a decision as a group. The groupas a whole is also supposed to be a Bayesian agent whose probabilities andutilities are derived or aggregated in reasonable ways from the probabilitiesand utilities of the group members. The aggregation could beex ante, i.e., interms of expected utilities, or it could be ex post, i.e., in terms of utilitiesonly, or in terms of utilities and probabilities separately. This study exploresthe ex post approach. Using the Bolker/Jeffrey framework, (...)
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