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Mark Sheehan [38]M. Sheehan [12]Michael Sheehan [5]Michael M. Sheehan [5]
Myles N. Sheehan [2]Mary Sheehan [2]Michelle Sheehan [2]Mark Patrick Sheehan [1]

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Matthew Sheehan
University of Nebraska, Omaha
  1.  21
    Standards of Practice in Empirical Bioethics Research: Towards a Consensus.Jonathan Ives, Michael Dunn, Bert Molewijk, Jan Schildmann, Kristine Bærøe, Lucy Frith, Richard Huxtable, Elleke Landeweer, Marcel Mertz, Veerle Provoost, Annette Rid, Sabine Salloch, Mark Sheehan, Daniel Strech, Martine de Vries & Guy Widdershoven - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):68.
    This paper responds to the commentaries from Stacy Carter and Alan Cribb. We pick up on two main themes in our response. First, we reflect on how the process of setting standards for empirical bioethics research entails drawing boundaries around what research counts as empirical bioethics research, and we discuss whether the standards agreed in the consensus process draw these boundaries correctly. Second, we expand on the discussion in the original paper of the role and significance of the concept of (...)
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  2. The Philosophy of Universal Grammar.Wolfram Hinzen & Michelle Sheehan - 2015 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    This interdisciplinary book considers the relationship between language and thought from a philosophical perspective, drawing both on the philosophical study of language and the purely formal study of grammar, and arguing that the two should align. The claim is that grammar provides homo sapiens with the ability to think in certain grammatical ways and that this in turn explains the vast cognitive powers of human beings. Evidence is considered from biology, the evolution of language, language disorders, and linguistic phenomena.
     
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  3.  62
    Toward Methodological Innovation in Empirical Ethics Research.Michael Dunn, Mark Sheehan, Tony Hope & Michael Parker - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (4):466-480.
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  4.  84
    Can Broad Consent Be Informed Consent?M. Sheehan - 2011 - Public Health Ethics 4 (3):226-235.
    In biobanks, a broader model of consent is often used and justified by a range of different strategies that make reference to the potential benefits brought by the research it will facilitate combined with the low level of risk involved (provided adequate measures are in place to protect privacy and confidentiality) or a questioning of the centrality of the notion of informed consent. Against this, it has been suggested that the lack of specific information about particular uses of the samples (...)
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  5.  45
    Research Led by Participants: A New Social Contract for a New Kind of Research.E. Vayena, R. Brownsword, S. J. Edwards, B. Greshake, J. P. Kahn, N. Ladher, J. Montgomery, D. O'Connor, O. O'Neill, M. P. Richards, A. Rid, M. Sheehan, P. Wicks & J. Tasioulas - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (4):216-219.
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  6.  28
    Developing a New Justification for Assent.Amanda Sibley, Andrew J. Pollard, Raymond Fitzpatrick & Mark Sheehan - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1-9.
    BackgroundCurrent guidelines do not clearly outline when assent should be attained from paediatric research participants, nor do they detail the necessary elements of the assent process. This stems from the fact that the fundamental justification behind the concept of assent is misunderstood. In this paper, we critically assess three widespread ethical arguments used for assent: children’s rights, the best interests of the child, and respect for a child’s developing autonomy. We then outline a newly-developed two-fold justification for the assent process: (...)
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  7.  7
    Expertise, Ethics Expertise, and Clinical Ethics Consultation: Achieving Terminological Clarity.Ana S. Iltis & Mark Sheehan - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (4):416-433.
    The language of ethics expertise has become particularly important in bioethics in light of efforts to establish the value of the clinical ethics consultation, to specify who is qualified to function as a clinical ethics consultant, and to characterize how one should evaluate whether or not a person is so qualified. Supporters and skeptics about the possibility of ethics expertise use the language of ethics expertise in ways that reflect competing views about what ethics expertise entails. We argue for clarity (...)
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  8.  14
    In Defence of Governance: Ethics Review and Social Research.Mark Sheehan, Michael Dunn & Kate Sahan - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (10):710-716.
    There is a growing body of literature that has sought to undermine systems of ethical regulation, and governance more generally, within the social sciences. In this paper, we argue that any general claim for a system of research ethics governance in social research depends on clarifying the nature of the stake that society has in research. We show that certain accounts of this stake—protecting researchers’ freedoms; ensuring accountability for resources; safeguarding welfare; and supporting democracy—raise relevant ethical considerations that are reasonably (...)
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  9.  24
    National Standards for Public Involvement in Research: Missing the Forest for the Trees.Matthew S. McCoy, Karin Rolanda Jongsma, Phoebe Friesen, Michael Dunn, Carolyn Plunkett Neuhaus, Leah Rand & Mark Sheehan - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (12):801-804.
    Biomedical research funding bodies across Europe and North America increasingly encourage—and, in some cases, require—investigators to involve members of the public in funded research. Yet there remains a striking lack of clarity about what ‘good’ or ‘successful’ public involvement looks like. In an effort to provide guidance to investigators and research organisations, representatives of several key research funding bodies in the UK recently came together to develop the National Standards for Public Involvement in Research. The Standards have critical implications for (...)
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  10. The Duty to Disclose Adverse Clinical Trial Results.S. Matthew Liao, Mark Sheehan & Steve Clarke - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (8):24-32.
    Participants in some clinical trials are at risk of being harmed and sometimes are seriously harmed as a result of not being provided with available, relevant risk information. We argue that this situation is unacceptable and that there is a moral duty to disclose all adverse clinical trial results to participants in clinical trials. This duty is grounded in the human right not to be placed at risk of harm without informed consent. We consider objections to disclosure grounded in considerations (...)
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  11.  8
    Variation in University Research Ethics Review: Reflections Following an Inter-University Study in England.Claudia Vadeboncoeur, Nick Townsend, Charlie Foster & Mark Sheehan - 2016 - Research Ethics 12 (4):217-233.
    Conducting large multi-site research within universities highlights inconsistencies between universities in approaches, requirements and responses of research ethics committees. Within the context of a social science research study, we attempted to obtain ethical approval from 101 universities across England to recruit students for a short online survey. We received varied responses from research ethics committees of different universities with the steps to obtaining ethics approval ranging from those that only required proof of approval from our home institution, to universities that (...)
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  12.  26
    Assent is Not Consent.A. Sibley, M. Sheehan & A. J. Pollard - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (1):3-3.
    A recent article from Archives of Disease in Childhood outlined problems with the act of gaining child assent for research participation. However the arguments used in the article are incomplete or misguided. Rather than being harmful, assent should be seen as an ethically-appropriate way in which we can engage with the child about his participation in research. While additional clarification of the concept of assent is needed, the child's family context can provide us with a valuable guide to the way (...)
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  13. The Ashley Treatment: Best Interests, Convenience, and Parental Decision Making.S. Matthew Liao, Julian Savulescu & Mark Sheehan - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (2):16-20.
    The story of Ashley, a nine-year-old from Seattle, has caused a good deal of controversy since it appeared in the Los Angeles Times on January 3, 2007.1 Ashley was born with a condition called static encephalopathy, a severe brain impairment that leaves her unable to walk, talk, eat, sit up, or roll over. According to her doctors, Ashley has reached, and will remain at, the developmental level of a three-month-old.
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  14.  31
    Resources and the Rule of Rescue.Mark Sheehan - 2007 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (4):352–366.
    The central issue that I consider in this paper is the use of the so‐called ‘Rule of Rescue’ in the context of resource allocation. This ‘Rule’ has played an important role in resource allocation decisions in various parts of the world. It was invoked in Ontario to overturn a decision not to fund treatment for Gaucher's Disease and it has also been used to justify resource decisions in Israel concerning the same condition. -/- In the paper I consider the nature (...)
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  15.  19
    Exploring the Ethics of Global Health Research Priority-Setting.Bridget Pratt, Mark Sheehan, Nicola Barsdorf & Adnan A. Hyder - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):94.
    Thus far, little work in bioethics has specifically focused on global health research priority-setting. Yet features of global health research priority-setting raise ethical considerations and concerns related to health justice. For example, such processes are often exclusively disease-driven, meaning they rely heavily on burden of disease considerations. They, therefore, tend to undervalue non-biomedical research topics, which have been identified as essential to helping reduce health disparities. In recognition of these ethical concerns and the limited scholarship and dialogue addressing them, we (...)
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  16.  28
    On the Nature and Sociology of Bioethics.Mark Sheehan & Michael Dunn - 2013 - Health Care Analysis 21 (1):54-69.
    Much has been written in the last decade about how we should understand the value of the sociology of bioethics. Increasingly the value of the sociology of bioethics is interpreted by its advocates directly in terms of its relationship to bioethics. It is claimed that the sociology of bioethics (and related disciplinary approaches) should be seen as an important component of work in bioethics. In this paper we wish to examine whether, and how, the sociology of bioethics can be defended (...)
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  17.  8
    Patient and Public Involvement: Two Sides of the Same Coin or Different Coins Altogether?Matthew S. McCoy, Jonathan Warsh, Leah Rand, Michael Parker & Mark Sheehan - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (6):708-715.
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  18.  11
    Should Research Ethics Committees Meet in Public?M. Sheehan - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (8):631-635.
    Currently, research ethics committees in the UK meet behind closed doors—their workings and most of the content of their decisions are unavailable to the general public. There is a significant tension between this current practice and a broader societal presumption of openness. As a form of public institution, the REC system exists to oversee research from the perspective of society generally.An important part of this tension turns on the kind of justification that might be offered for the REC system. In (...)
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  19.  3
    Caring About the Social Determinants of Health.Peter Sheehan & Mark Sheehan - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (3):48-50.
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  20. Making Sense of the Immorality of Unnaturalness.Mark Sheehan - 2009 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 18 (2):177.
    "Dissecting Bioethics," edited by Tuija Takala and Matti Häyry, welcomes contributions on the conceptual and theoretical dimensions of bioethics. The section is dedicated to the idea that words defined by bioethicists and others should not be allowed to imprison people's actual concerns, emotions, and thoughts. Papers that expose the many meanings of a concept, describe the different readings of a moral doctrine, or provide an alternative angle to seemingly self-evident issues are therefore particularly appreciated. The themes covered in the section (...)
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  21.  7
    Resources and the Rule of Rescue 1.Mark Sheehan - 2007 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (4):352-366.
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  22.  19
    The Role of Emotion in Ethics and Bioethics: Dealing with Repugnance and Disgust.Mark Sheehan - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (1):1-2.
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  23.  2
    ‘Your Country Needs You’: The Ethics of Allocating Staff to High-Risk Clinical Roles in the Management of Patients with COVID-19.Michael Dunn, Mark Sheehan, Joshua Hordern, Helen Lynne Turnham & Dominic Wilkinson - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2020-106284.
    As the COVID-19 pandemic impacts on health service delivery, health providers are modifying care pathways and staffing models in ways that require health professionals to be reallocated to work in critical care settings. Many of the roles that staff are being allocated to in the intensive care unit and emergency department pose additional risks to themselves, and new policies for staff reallocation are causing distress and uncertainty to the professionals concerned. In this paper, we analyse a range of ethical issues (...)
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  24.  2
    Trust, Trustworthiness and Sharing Patient Data for Research.Mark Sheehan, Phoebe Friesen, Adrian Balmer, Corina Cheeks, Sara Davidson, James Devereux, Douglas Findlay, Katharine Keats-Rohan, Rob Lawrence & Kamran Shafiq - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2019-106048.
    When it comes to using patient data from the National Health Service for research, we are often told that it is a matter of trust: we need to trust, we need to build trust, we need to restore trust. Various policy papers and reports articulate and develop these ideas and make very important contributions to public dialogue on the trustworthiness of our research institutions. But these documents and policies are apparently constructed with little sustained reflection on the nature of trust (...)
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  25.  19
    Minimal Risk Remains an Open Question.Ariella Binik, Charles Weijer & Mark Sheehan - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (6):25 - 27.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 6, Page 25-27, June 2011.
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  26.  33
    Ethical Review of Research on Human Subjects at Unilever: Reflections on Governance.Mark Sheehan, Vernon Marti & Tony Roberts - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (6):284-292.
    This article considers the process of ethical review of research on human subjects at a very large multinational consumer products company. The commercial context of this research throws up unique challenges and opportunities that make the ethics of the process of oversight distinct from mainstream medical research. Reflection on the justification of governance processes sheds important, contrasting light on the ethics of governance of other forms and context of research.
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  27.  16
    Position Statement on Ethics, Equipoise and Research on Charged Particle Radiation Therapy.Mark Sheehan, Claire Timlin, Ken Peach, Ariella Binik & Wilson Puthenparampil - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (8):572-575.
    The use of charged-particle radiation therapy is an increasingly important development in the treatment of cancer. One of the most pressing controversies about the use of this technology is whether randomised controlled trials are required before this form of treatment can be considered to be the treatment of choice for a wide range of indications. Equipoise is the key ethical concept in determining which research studies are justified. However, there is a good deal of disagreement about how this concept is (...)
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  28.  88
    Do We Need Research Ethics Committees?Mark Sheehan - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):485-485.
    This issue of the journal sees a number of exchanges on significant ethical problems. ‘Nudges’ have attracted a good deal of attention recently in the context of the ethics of public health interventions. Martin Wilkinson writes a guest editorial introducing important debate on Yashar Saghai's featured article, Salvaging the concept of nudge . Also, Timothy Murphy locks horns with Katrien Devolder and Ezio Di Nucci on the doctrine of double effect as it applies to research on embryos.One of the exchanges (...)
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  29.  8
    Reining in Patient and Individual Choice.Mark Sheehan - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (5):291-292.
    Patient choice, we might think, is the popular version of the ideas of informed consent and the principle of respect for autonomy and intimately connected to the politics of liberal individualism. There are various accounts to be given for why patient choice, in all its forms, has dominated thinking in bioethics and popular culture. All of them, I suggest, will make reference to the decline of paternalism. The bad old days of ‘doctor knows best’ are gone and were replaced by (...)
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  30.  60
    No Sex Please, We're Social Scientists?Mark Sheehan & Michael Dunn - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):39-41.
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  31.  89
    Why Doctors Hate Medical Ethics.Myles N. Sheehan - 1994 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (2):289.
    For the past 3 years, since acquiring formal training in healthcare ethics and philosophy, I have been one of those physicians who “does” ethics. I teach medical students and residents, write articles, speak at conferences, chair an ethics committee, and informally consult with colleagues on cases where they request advice related to ethical issues in the care of patients. These activities have been a rewarding and challenging part of my practice. There has also been a fair amount of frustration. Unfortunately, (...)
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  32.  3
    Misuse of “Usual Care” in Emergency Care Research: A Call for Adapting Rules Governing Exception From Informed Consent (EFIC) Studies.Ethan Cowan, Kate Sahan & Mark Sheehan - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (1):59-61.
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  33.  9
    Is the Community Consultation Requirement Necessary?Mark Sheehan - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):38 – 40.
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  34.  54
    Drunk Driving Offenders' Knowledge and Behaviour in Relation to Alcohol-Involved Driving in Yinchuan and a Comparison with Guangzhou, China.K. Jia, M. King, J. J. Fleiter, M. Sheehan, W. Ma, J. Lei & J. Zhang - unknown
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  35.  55
    Disabilities and Aging.Myles N. Sheehan - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (6):525-533.
    Both older persons and those who havedisabilities can encounter discrimination whenthey seek medical care. Just as ageism andstereotypes about older persons mayinappropriately limit medical care for theelderly, limits may be placed on medical carefor those who are disabled simply because ofthe presence of a disability. At the sametime death is the natural end of the lifespanfor all individuals and there are situationswhen aggressive medical care is not indicated. It is not right to always insist on ``doingeverything'' for a person even (...)
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  36.  6
    Crowdsourcing and Minority Languages: The Case of Galician Inflected Infinitives1.Michelle Sheehan, Martin Schäfer & Maria Carmen Parafita Couto - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  37.  20
    Healthcare Professionals’ Understanding of the Legislation Governing Research Involving Adults Lacking Mental Capacity in England and Wales: A National Survey.Victoria Shepherd, Richard Griffith, Mark Sheehan, Fiona Wood & Kerenza Hood - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (9):632-637.
    ObjectiveTo examine health and social care professionals’ understanding of the legislation governing research involving adults lacking mental capacity in England and Wales.MethodsA cross-sectional online survey was conducted using a series of vignettes. Participants were asked to select the legally authorised decision-maker in each scenario and provide supporting reasons. Responses were compared with existing legal frameworks and analysed according to their level of concordance.ResultsOne hundred and twenty-seven professionals participated. Levels of discordance between responses and the legal frameworks were high across all (...)
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  38.  13
    Ethical Understandings of Proxy Decision Making for Research Involving Adults Lacking Capacity: A Systematic Review of Empirical Research.Victoria Shepherd, Kerenza Hood, Mark Sheehan, Richard Griffith, Amber Jordan & Fiona Wood - forthcoming - Ajob Empirical Bioethics:1-20.
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  39.  3
    Authority and the Future of Consent in Population-Level Biomedical Research.Mark Sheehan, Rachel Thompson, Jon Fistein, Jim Davies, Michael Dunn, Michael Parker, Julian Savulescu & Kerrie Woods - forthcoming - Public Health Ethics.
    Population-level biomedical research has become crucial to the health system’s ability to improve the health of the population. This form of research raises a number of well-documented ethical concerns, perhaps the most significant of which is the inability of the researcher to obtain fully informed specific consent from participants. Two proposed technical solutions to this problem of consent in large-scale biomedical research that have become increasingly popular are meta-consent and dynamic consent. We critically examine the ethical and practical credentials of (...)
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  40.  30
    The Formation and Stability of Marriage in Fourteenth-Century England: Evidence of an Ely Register.Michael M. Sheehan - 1971 - Mediaeval Studies 33 (1):228-263.
  41.  26
    Councils and Synods, with Other Documents Relating to the English Church. D. Whitelock, M. Brett, C. N. L. Brooke.Michael Sheehan - 1983 - Speculum 59 (1):215-217.
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  42.  11
    Moral Narcissism and Moral Complicity in Global Health and Humanitarian Aid.Mark Sheehan - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (5):287-288.
    Some of the best instances of bioethics are applications of ethical conceptual analysis to real-world cases that is done in a way that prompts both reflection on the part of the practitioners involved in the real-world case and reflection by the bioethicist on the way in which the field of bioethics understands the concept in question. Buth et al ’s paper in this issue is a fine example of just this. Their paper brings together three important concepts that straddle the (...)
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  43.  26
    Marriage Theory and Practice in the Conciliar Legislation and Diocesan Statutes of Medieval England.Michael M. Sheehan - 1978 - Mediaeval Studies 40 (1):408-460.
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  44.  12
    Just Wars and Doctors' Strikes.Mark Sheehan - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (11):693-694.
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  45.  8
    Reasonable Disagreement and the Justification of Pre-Emptive Ethics Governance in Social Research: A Response to Hammersley.Mark Sheehan, Michael Dunn & Kate Sahan - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (10):719-720.
    In this response, we first tackle what we take to be the core disagreement between ourselves and Hammersley, namely the justification for our model of social research ethics governance. We then consider what follows from our defence of governance for ethics review and show how these claims attend to the specific concerns outlined by Hammersley.
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  46.  16
    The Influence of Canon Law on the Property Rights of Married Women in England.Michael M. Sheehan - 1963 - Mediaeval Studies 25 (1):109-124.
  47.  11
    The Lordship of Canterbury; an Essay on Mediaeval Society. F. R. H. DuBoulay.Michael Sheehan - 1969 - Speculum 44 (2):277-280.
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  48.  21
    Religious Red Herrings.M. Sheehan - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (9):585-586.
    Brierley et al take big polarised political debates deep into the context of paediatric intensive care. They are concerned that ‘deeply held belief in religion leads to children being potentially subjected to burdensome care’. However, it can be argued that they make a mistake in categorising this as a problem derived from religion, religious belief or the depth of religious conviction. Religion here is a red herring.
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  49.  15
    Keeping Friends Safe: A Prospective Study Examining Early Adolescent's Confidence and Support Networks.L. Buckley, R. L. Chapman, M. Sheehan & L. Cunningham - 2012 - Educational Studies 38 (4):373-381.
    There is a continued need to consider ways to prevent early adolescent engagement in a variety of harmful risk-taking behaviours for example, violence, road-related risks and alcohol use. The current prospective study examined adolescents? reports of intervening to try and stop friends? engagement in such behaviours among 207 early adolescents (mean age?=?13.51?years, 50.1% females). Findings showed that intervening behaviour after three months was predicted by the confidence to intervene which in turn was predicted by student and teacher support although not (...)
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  50.  12
    Towards an Integration of the Theory of Planned Behaviour and Cognitive Behavioural Strategies: An Example From a School-Based Injury Prevention Programme.Lisa Buckley, Mary Sheehan, Ian Shochet & Rebekah L. Chapman - 2013 - Educational Studies 39 (3):285-297.
    Adolescent risk-taking behaviour has potentially serious injury consequences and school-based behaviour change programmes provide potential for reducing such harm. A well-designed programme is likely to be theory-based and ecologically valid; however, it is rare that the operationalisation process of theories is described. The aim of this paper is to outline how the theory of planned behaviour and cognitive behavioural therapy informed intervention design in a school setting. Teacher interviews provided insights into strategies that might be implemented within the curriculum and (...)
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