Results for 'M. Travis Maynard'

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  1.  8
    Development of the Referee Shared Mental Models Measure (RSMMM).Jorge Sinval, João Aragão E. Pina, João Sinval, João Marôco, Catarina Marques Santos, Sjir Uitdewilligen, M. Travis Maynard & Ana Margarida Passos - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The concept of shared mental models refers to the shared understanding among team members about how they should behave in different situations. This article aimed to develop a new shared mental model measure, specifically designed for the refereeing context. A cross-sectional study was conducted with three samples: national and regional football referees (n = 133), national football referees and assistant referees and national futsal referees (n = 277), and national futsal referees (n = 60). The proposed version of the Referee (...)
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  2.  5
    New Light on Old Boys: Cognitive and Institutional Particularism in the Peer Review System. [REVIEW]H. M. Collins & G. D. L. Travis - 1991 - Science, Technology and Human Values 16 (3):322-341.
    Peer review of grant applications, it has been suggested, might be distorted by what is popularly termed old boyism, cronyism, or particularism. We argue that the existing debate emphasizes the more uninteresting aspects of the peer review system and that the operation of old boyism, as currently understood would have little effect on the overall direction of science. We identify a phenomenon of cognitive particularism, which we consider to be more important than the institutional cronyism analyzed in previous studies. We (...)
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  3.  14
    Problem‐Solving Phase Transitions During Team Collaboration.Travis J. Wiltshire, Jonathan E. Butner & Stephen M. Fiore - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (1):129-167.
    Multiple theories of problem-solving hypothesize that there are distinct qualitative phases exhibited during effective problem-solving. However, limited research has attempted to identify when transitions between phases occur. We integrate theory on collaborative problem-solving with dynamical systems theory suggesting that when a system is undergoing a phase transition it should exhibit a peak in entropy and that entropy levels should also relate to team performance. Communications from 40 teams that collaborated on a complex problem were coded for occurrence of problem-solving processes. (...)
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  4.  70
    Why I’M Still a Proportionalist.Travis Rieder - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (1):251-270.
    Mark Schroeder has, rather famously, defended a powerful Humean Theory of Reasons. In doing so, he abandons what many take to be the default Humean view of weighting reasons—namely, proportionalism. On Schroeder’s view, the pressure that Humeans feel to adopt proportionalism is illusory, and proportionalism is unable to make sense of the fact that the weight of reasons is a normative matter. He thus offers his own ‘Recursive View’, which directly explains how it is that the weight of reasons is (...)
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  5.  33
    God Knows: Acquaintance and the Nature of Divine Knowledge.Travis M. Dickinson - forthcoming - Religious Studies:1-16.
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  6.  18
    Prospects for Direct Social Perception: A Multi-Theoretical Integration to Further the Science of Social Cognition.Travis J. Wiltshire, Emilio J. C. Lobato, Daniel S. McConnell & Stephen M. Fiore - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  7.  73
    Recommendations for Nanomedicine Human Subjects Research Oversight: An Evolutionary Approach for an Emerging Field.Leili Fatehi, Susan M. Wolf, Jeffrey McCullough, Ralph Hall, Frances Lawrenz, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Cortney Jones, Stephen A. Campbell, Rebecca S. Dresser, Arthur G. Erdman, Christy L. Haynes, Robert A. Hoerr, Linda F. Hogle, Moira A. Keane, George Khushf, Nancy M. P. King, Efrosini Kokkoli, Gary Marchant, Andrew D. Maynard, Martin Philbert, Gurumurthy Ramachandran, Ronald A. Siegel & Samuel Wickline - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):716-750.
    Nanomedicine is yielding new and improved treatments and diagnostics for a range of diseases and disorders. Nanomedicine applications incorporate materials and components with nanoscale dimensions where novel physiochemical properties emerge as a result of size-dependent phenomena and high surface-to-mass ratio. Nanotherapeutics and in vivo nanodiagnostics are a subset of nanomedicine products that enter the human body. These include drugs, biological products, implantable medical devices, and combination products that are designed to function in the body in ways unachievable at larger scales. (...)
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  8.  65
    John Maynard Smith and the Importance of Consistency in Evolutionary Game Theory.Alasdair I. Houston & John M. McNamara - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (5):933-950.
    John Maynard Smith was the founder of evolutionary game theory. He has also been the major influence on the direction of this field, which now pervades behavioural ecology and evolutionary biology. In its original formulation the theory had three components: a set of strategies, a payoff structure, and a concept of evolutionary stability. These three key components are still the basis of the theory, but what is assumed about each component is often different to the original assumptions. We review (...)
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  9.  22
    Virtuous Faith.Travis M. Dickinson - 2019 - Philosophia Christi 21 (1):119-134.
    The notion of faith has been variously understood throughout the course of Christian intellectual history. It has been common to construe faith in epistemological terms, especially by critics of religious faith. In this paper, I argue that faith, especially faith that is had in the context of relationships, should be understood as an act of ventured trust. This is not to say that beliefs and the evidence for the truth of those beliefs are unimportant. Indeed, I argue that acting on (...)
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  10.  80
    T. M. Scanlon, Moral Dimensions: Meaning, Permissibility and Blame.Travis Rieder - 2010 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 7 (4):529-533.
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  11.  12
    The Posthuman Child: Educational Transformation Through Philosophy with Picturebooks. [REVIEW]Travis M. Marn - 2017 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 49 (11):1127-1129.
  12.  7
    C. Travis , "Meaning and Interpretation". [REVIEW]M. Luntley - 1987 - Philosophical Quarterly 37 (49):473.
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  13.  10
    How Simple Are Plato’s Forms?Travis Butler & Eric M. Rubenstein - 2002 - Ancient Philosophy 22 (2):277-288.
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  14.  32
    Culture, History, Biology, and Body: Native and Non‐Native Acquisition of Technological Skill.Ashley E. Maynard, Patricia M. Greenfield & Carla P. Childs - 1999 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 27 (3):379-402.
  15.  7
    Designing Police Lineups to Maximize Memory Performance.Travis M. Seale-Carlisle, Stacy A. Wetmore, Heather D. Flowe & Laura Mickes - 2019 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 25 (3):410-430.
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  16.  9
    Mitigating Risks to Pregnant Teens From Zika Virus.Andrew D. Maynard, Diana M. Bowman & James G. Hodge - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (4):657-659.
    Zika infection in pregnant women is associated with an elevated probability of giving birth to a child with microcephaly and multiple other disabilities. Public health messaging on Zika prevention has predominantly targeted women who know they are pregnant or intend to become pregnant, but not teenage females for whom unintended pregnancy is more likely. Vulnerabilities among this population to reproductive risks associated with Zika are further amplified by restrictive abortion laws in several Zika-impacted states. Key to prevention is enhanced, targeted (...)
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  17. The Twickenham Edition of Alexander Pope.Garry Wills, Maynard Mack, Norman Callan, Robert Fagles, William Frost & Douglas M. Knight - 1970 - American Journal of Philology 91 (1):121.
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  18.  3
    Culture, History, Biology, and Body: Native and Non-Native Acquisition of Technological Skill.Ashley E. Maynard, Patricia M. Greenfield & Carla P. Childs - 1999 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 27 (3):379-402.
  19.  11
    The Effects of Verbal Descriptions on Performance in Lineups and Showups.Brent M. Wilson, Travis M. Seale-Carlisle & Laura Mickes - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (1):113-124.
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  20.  11
    Effect of Visual After-Sensations Upon Brain Potential Patterning Under Different Degrees of Attention.L. E. Travis & M. E. Hall - 1938 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 22 (5):472.
  21.  11
    The Relationship of "Intelligence" and Reflex Conduction Rate as Found in Hypophrenic Children.Lee Edward Travis & John M. Dorsey - 1930 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 13 (4):370.
  22.  8
    Rate and Direction of the Contraction Wave in Muscle During Voluntary and Reflex Movement.L. E. Travis & M. Patterson - 1933 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (2):208.
  23.  12
    Pursuits of Wisdom: Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy From Socrates to Plotinus. By John M. Cooper. [REVIEW]Travis Butler - 2014 - Ancient Philosophy 34 (1):224-228.
  24.  7
    Art and Ideology: Essay ReviewMarxism and Art: Essays Classic and ContemporaryThe Philosophical Foundations of Soviet Aesthetics.E. F. Kaelin, Maynard Solomon, Edward M. Swiderski, T. J. Blakeley, Guido Küng, N. Lobkowicz & Guido Kung - 1981 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 15 (2):65.
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  25.  32
    Patients' Views Concerning Research on Medical Practices: Implications for Consent.Kevin P. Weinfurt, Juli M. Bollinger, Kathleen M. Brelsford, Travis J. Crayton, Rachel J. Topazian, Nancy E. Kass, Laura M. Beskow & Jeremy Sugarman - 2016 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 7 (2):76-91.
  26. Book Reviews : Authentic Transformation: A New Vision of Christ and Culture, with a Previously Unpublished Essay by H. Richard Niebuhr, by Glen H. Stassen, D. M. Yeager, John Howard Yoder. Nashville: Abingdon, 1996. 299 Pp. Pb. No Price. [REVIEW]P. Travis Kroeker - 1998 - Studies in Christian Ethics 11 (1):105-109.
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  27.  10
    Chaucerian Theatricality.John M. Ganim.Peter W. Travis - 1993 - Speculum 68 (1):150-154.
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  28.  4
    John Maynard Keynes and The Royal Swedish Academy.Rogério Arthmar & Michael McLure - 2018 - History of European Ideas 44 (5):605-622.
    ABSTRACTThis paper examines John M. Keynes’s relationship with Gustav Cassel and Eli Hecksher and puts together the events related to his being awarded the 1939 Söderström Gold Medal by The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. The correspondence between these economists during the interwar years is detailed, with emphasis on their personal approaches to economic theory and history. Cassel’s and Heckscher’s critical reviews of Keynes’s General Theory are outlined as well. Lastly, an account is provided of the grounds for conferring the (...)
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  29.  51
    Procreation, Adoption and the Contours of Obligation.Travis N. Rieder - 2015 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 32 (3):293-309.
    The goal of this article is to evaluate the defensibility of wide-spread beliefs concerning the moral value of procreating. Very many of us are ‘pro-natal’ — that is, we have a positive moral view of making more people — but pro-natalism is under serious threat. In particular, I argue that combining several arguments in procreative ethics generates a powerful case for the Anti-Natal Pro-Adoption View, or the view that we are obligated not to procreate, but instead to satisfy any parenting (...)
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  30.  5
    Early Yorkshire Charters. Charles Travis Clay.Helen M. Cam - 1953 - Speculum 28 (4):874-875.
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  31.  7
    White Matter Plasticity in Reading-Related Pathways Differs in Children Born Preterm and at Term: A Longitudinal Analysis.Lisa Bruckert, Lauren R. Borchers, Cory K. Dodson, Virginia A. Marchman, Katherine E. Travis, Michal Ben-Shachar & Heidi M. Feldman - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  32. Evolution: The First Four Billion Years.Michael Ruse & Joseph Travis (eds.) - 2009 - Cambridge, USA: Harvard University Press.
    The history of evolutionary thought / Michael Ruse -- The origin of life / Jeffrey L. Bada and Antonio Lazcano -- Paleontology and the history of life / Michael Benton -- Adaptation / Joseph Travis and David N. Reznick -- Molecular evolution / Francisco J. Ayala -- Evolution of the genome / Brian Charlesworth and Deborah Charlesworth -- The pattern and process of speciation / Margaret B. Ptacek and Shala J. Hankison -- Evolution and development / Gregory A. Wray (...)
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  33. Teaching in an Age of Ideology.Leah Bradshaw, Charles R. Embry, Molly Brigid Flynn, Bryan-Paul Frost, Lance M. Grigg, Michael Henry, Tim Hoye, Nalin Ranasinghe, Travis D. Smith & Michael Zuckert - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    This volume explores the role of some of the most prominent twentieth-century philosophers and political thinkers as teachers. It examines what obstacles they confronted as teachers and how they overcame them in conveying truth to their students in an age dominated by ideological thinking.
     
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  34.  14
    Plasma Oxytocin Explains Individual Differences in Neural Substrates of Social Perception.Katie Lancaster, C. Sue Carter, Hossein Pournajafi-Nazarloo, Themistoclis Karaoli, Travis S. Lillard, Allison Jack, John M. Davis, James P. Morris & Jessica J. Connelly - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  35. Book Review: Charting Women’s Journeys: From Addiction to Recovery. By Judith Grant. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2008, 156 Pp., $60.00 (Cloth). Women in Alcoholics Anonymous: Recovery and Empowerment. By Jolene M. Sanders. Boulder, CO: First Forum Press, 2009, 145 Pp., $55.00 (Cloth). The Language of the Heart: A Cultural History of the Recovery Movement From Alcoholics Anonymous to Oprah Winfrey. By Trysh Travis. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010, 376 Pp., $35.00. [REVIEW]Daniela Jauk - 2011 - Gender and Society 25 (2):279-285.
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  36.  28
    How to Solve Prichard's Dilemma: A Comlex Contractualist Account of Moral Motivation.Travis Rieder - 2015 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 9 (1):1-19.
    T. M. Scanlon’s contractualist account of morality is articulated alongside and built upon groundbreaking work on moral motivation. According to Scanlon, the central challenge of providing an account of moral motivation is navigating “Prichard’s Dilemma,” which requires that an account be both helpfully explanatory and morally relevant. Scanlon’s own solution is that one has a reason to act rightly because doing so is an aspect of living with others on terms they could accept. There is much to like about this (...)
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  37. Re-Evaluation of Solutions to the Problem of Unprofessionalism in Peer Review.Joshua A. Rash, Jeff C. Clements, Stephanie Avery-Gomm, Chi-Yeung Choi, Alyssa M. Allen Gerwing & Travis G. Gerwing - 2021 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 6 (1).
    Our recent paper reported that 43% of reviewer comment sets shared with authors contained at least one unprofessional comment or an incomplete, inaccurate of unsubstantiated critique. Publication of this work sparked an online conversation surrounding professionalism in peer review. We collected and analyzed these social media comments as they offered real-time responses to our work and provided insight into the views held by commenters and potential peer-reviewers that would be difficult to quantify using existing empirical tools. Overall, 75% of comments (...)
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  38.  6
    Editor’s Note.Travis N. Rieder - 2020 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 30 (1):vii-x.
    I’m thrilled to write my first Editor’s Note in Dr. Kukla’s absence and grateful that they entrusted the journal to me while on their sabbatical. This first issue under my editorship comprises three nuanced, careful looks at how to ethically evaluate practices that can have significant effects on the well-being of vulnerable populations.In this issue’s featured article, “Contextual Injustice,” Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa considers two cases that have clear relevance for our moment: Dora, who identifies as a woman and has a (...)
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  39.  3
    Quantifying Professionalism in Peer Review.Joshua A. Rash, Jeff C. Clements, Chi-Yeung Choi, Stephanie Avery-Gomm, Alyssa M. Allen Gerwing & Travis G. Gerwing - 2020 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 5 (1).
    BackgroundThe process of peer-review in academia has attracted criticism surrounding issues of bias, fairness, and professionalism; however, frequency of occurrence of such comments is unknown.MethodsWe evaluated 1491 sets of reviewer comments from the fields of “Ecology and Evolution” and “Behavioural Medicine,” of which 920 were retrieved from the online review repository Publons and 571 were obtained from six early career investigators. Comment sets were coded for the occurrence of “unprofessional comments” and “incomplete, inaccurate or unsubstantiated critiques” using an a-prior rubric (...)
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  40.  32
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Brian J. Spittle, Samuel M. Vinocur, Virginia Underwood, Robert L. Leight, L. Glenn Smith, Harold M. Bergsma, Robert H. Graham, William M. Bart, George D. Dalin, Lyle S. Maynard, Fred Drewe, Theodore Hutchcroft, Francesco Cordasco, Frank Andrews Stone, Roy R. Nasstrom, Edward B. Goellner, Margaret Gillett, Robert E. Belding, Kenneth V. Lottich & Arden W. Holland - 1981 - Educational Studies 12 (4):431-459.
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  41. Automatism, Causality and Realism: Foundational Problems in the Philosophy of Photography.Diarmuid Costello & Dawn M. Phillips - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (1):1-21.
    This article contains a survey of recent debates in the philosophy of photography, focusing on aesthetic and epistemic issues in particular. Starting from widespread notions about automatism, causality and realism in the theory of photography, the authors ask whether the prima facie tension between the epistemic and aesthetic embodied in oppositions such as automaticism and agency, causality and intentionality, realism and fictional competence is more than apparent. In this context, the article discusses recent work by Roger Scruton, Dominic Lopes, Kendall (...)
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  42.  22
    The Government of Reason.M. W. Jackson - 1992 - Journal of Value Inquiry 26 (2):163-174.
    My hope has been to persuade readers that Hobbes's mighty thought experiment of the state of nature distorts our conceptual learning because it ignores the second morality. Instead, it inflates the first morality as the whole of morality. This inflation arises from Hobbes's exclusive preoccupation with universalizable reason. As important as universal reason undeniably is, it does not encompass the whole of moral reality. To suppose that it does is to distort moral reality. Like so many Enlightenment figures, Hobbes would (...)
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  43.  73
    Efficient Social Contracts and Group Selection.Simon M. Huttegger & Rory Smead - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (4):517-531.
    We consider the Stag Hunt in terms of Maynard Smith’s famous Haystack model. In the Stag Hunt, contrary to the Prisoner’s Dilemma, there is a cooperative equilibrium besides the equilibrium where every player defects. This implies that in the Haystack model, where a population is partitioned into groups, groups playing the cooperative equilibrium tend to grow faster than those at the non-cooperative equilibrium. We determine under what conditions this leads to the takeover of the population by cooperators. Moreover, we (...)
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  44. Book Review Of: M. Skousen, The Big Three in Economics. [REVIEW]Gary James Jason - 2009 - Liberty (July):43-44.
    This essay is my review of economist Mark Skousen’s book, The Big Three in Economics. In it, he discusses the economic work of Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and John Maynard Keynes. He gives even-handed treatments of the major contributions of each, for example, Smith’s reputation refutation of mercantilist policies and Smith’s crucial insight into the role that division of labor plays in economic growth. My only complaint is that Skousen doesn’t adequately explain his choice of Marx as a great (...)
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  45. Macroeconomics: An Introduction.Alex M. Thomas - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    Macroeconomics: An Introduction, provides a lucid and novel introduction to macroeconomic issues. It introduces the reader to an alternative approach of understanding macroeconomics, which is inspired by the works of Adam Smith, David Ricardo, Karl Marx, John Maynard Keynes, and Piero Sraffa. It also presents the reader with a critical account of mainstream marginalist macroeconomics. The book begins with a brief history of economic theories and then takes the reader through three different ways of conceptualizing the macroeconomy. Subsequently, the (...)
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  46.  5
    The Limits of ESS Methodology.Simon M. Huttegger & Kevin J. S. Zollman - unknown
    In this paper we show that there are certain limits as to what applications of Maynard Smith’s concept of evolutionarily stable strategy can tell us about evolutionary processes. We shall argue that ESS is very similar in spirit to a particular branch of rational choice game theory, namely, the literature on refinements of Nash equilibrium. In the first place, ESS can also be viewed as a Nash equilibrium refinement. At a deeper level, ESS shares a common structure with other (...)
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  47. Evolution of Social Behaviour Patterns in Primates and Man.W. G. Runciman, John Smith & R. I. M. Dunbar (eds.) - 1996 - British Academy.
    Introduction, W G Runciman Social Evolution in Primates: The Role of Ecological Factors and Male Behaviour, Carel P van Schaik Determinants of Group Size in Primates: A General Model, R I M Dunbar Function and Intention in the Calls of Non-Human Primates, Dorothy L Cheney & Robert M Seyfarth Why Culture is Common, but Cultural Evolution is Rare, Robert Boyd & Peter J Richerson An Evolutionary and Chronological Framework for Human Social Behaviour, Robert A Foley Friendship and the Banker?s Paradox: (...)
     
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  48.  16
    The Argument and the Action of Plato's Laws.Leo Strauss - 1975 - University of Chicago Press.
    "-- M. J. Silverthorne,The Humanities Association Review Leo Strauss (1899-1973) was the Robert Maynard Hutchins Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of ...
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  49.  7
    The Latest on the Best: Essays on Evolution and Optimality : Conference on Evolution and Information : Papers.John Dupré (ed.) - 1987 - MIT Press.
    Controversies about optimality models and adaptationist methodologies have animated the discussions of evolutionary theory in recent years. The sociobiologists, following the lead of E. O. Wilson, have argued that if Darwinian natural selection can be reliably expected to produce the best possible type of organism - one that optimizes the value of its genetic contribution to future generations - then evolution becomes a powerfully predictive theory as well as an explanatory one. The enthusiastic claims of the sociobiologists for the predictability (...)
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  50. New Perspectives on Keynes.Allin Cottrell & Michael S. Lawlor (eds.) - 1995 - Duke University Press.
    Interest in John Maynard Keynes has increased significantly over the past decade with the publication of his collected writings, increased access to his unpublished papers, and the resulting explosion of secondary literature. Responding to this renewed attention, this collection brings together economists and historians of economics with scholars from philosophy and other related fields to reconsider Keynes’s work and its legacy. Several of these essays look at Keynes not simply as an economist, but more broadly as a philosopher. Special (...)
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