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Profile: Michael Williams (Johns Hopkins University)
Profile: Meredith Williams (Johns Hopkins University)
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Profile: Melissa Williams (Gwynedd Mercy College)
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  1. Problems of Knowledge: A Critical Introduction to Epistemology.Michael Williams - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    In this exciting and original introduction to epistemology, Michael Williams explains and criticizes traditional philosophical theories of the nature, limits, methods, possibility, and value of knowing. All the main contemporary perspectives are explored and questioned, and the author's own theories put forward, making this new book essential reading for anyone, beginner or specialist, concerned with the philosophy of knowledge.
     
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  2. On the Expressibility of Propositions.Pavlos Peppas, Norman Foo & Mary-Anne Williams - 1992 - Logique Et Analyse 139 (140):251-272.
  3.  83
    Unnatural Doubts: Epistemological Realism and the Basis of Scepticism.Michael Williams - 1991 - Blackwell.
    In Unnatural Doubts, Michael Williams constructs a masterly polemic against the very idea of epistemology, as traditionally conceived.
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  4. Expressivism, Pragmatism and Representationalism.Huw Price, Simon Blackburn, Robert Brandom, Paul Horwich & Michael Williams - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    Pragmatists have traditionally been enemies of representationalism but friends of naturalism, when naturalism is understood to pertain to human subjects, in the sense of Hume and Nietzsche. In this volume Huw Price presents his distinctive version of this traditional combination, as delivered in his René Descartes Lectures at Tilburg University in 2008. Price contrasts his view with other contemporary forms of philosophical naturalism, comparing it with other pragmatist and neo-pragmatist views such as those of Robert Brandom and Simon Blackburn. Linking (...)
     
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  5.  15
    Groundless Belief: An Essay on the Possibility of Epistemology.Michael Williams - 1977 - Yale University Press.
    Inspired by the work of Wilfrid Sellars, Michael Williams launches an all-out attack on what he calls "phenomenalism," the idea that our knowledge of the world rests on a perceptual or experiential foundation.
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  6. Foundation for a Natural Right to Health Care.Jason T. Eberl, Eleanor K. Kinney & Matthew J. Williams - 2011 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (6):537-557.
    Discussions concerning whether there is a natural right to health care may occur in various forms, resulting in policy recommendations for how to implement any such right in a given society. But health care policies may be judged by international standards including the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The rights enumerated in the UDHR are grounded in traditions of moral theory, a philosophical analysis of which is necessary in order to adjudicate the value of specific policies designed to enshrine (...)
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  7. Why (Wittgensteinian) Contextualism Is Not Relativism.Michael Williams - 2007 - Episteme 4 (1):93-114.
    This article distinguishes Wittgensteinian contextualism from epistemic relativism. The latter involves the view that a belief ’s status as justified depends on the believer’s epistemic system, as well as the view that no system is superior to another. It emerges from the thought that we must rely, circularly, on our epistemic system to determine whether any belief is justified. Contextualism, by contrast, emerges from the thought that we need not answer a skeptical challenge to a belief unless there is good (...)
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  8. Meaning and Deflationary Truth.Michael Williams - 1999 - Journal of Philosophy 96 (11):545-564.
  9.  23
    Unnatural Doubts.Christopher Hookway & Michael Williams - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (172):389.
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  10.  30
    Wittgenstein, Mind, and Meaning: Toward a Social Conception of Mind.Meredith Williams - 1999 - Routledge.
    Wittgenstein, Mind and Meaning explores the connection between Wittgenstein's critique of the Cartesian theory of mind and his conception of language and mind, and lays the foundations for a social conception of mind.
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  11. Pragmatism, Minimalism, Expressivism.Michael Williams - 2010 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (3):317-330.
    Although contemporary pragmatists tend to be sympathetic to expressivist accounts of moral, modal and other problematic vocabularies, it is not clear that they have any right to be. The problem arises because contemporary pragmatists tend to favour deflationary accounts of truth and reference, thereby seeming to elide the distinction between expressive and repressentational uses of language. To address this problem, I develop a meta-theoretical framework for understanding what is involved in explanations of meaning in terms of use, and why some (...)
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  12.  7
    It's All in the Hands of the Beholder: New Data on Free-Ranging Rhesus Monkeys.Marc Hauser, Susan Perry, Joseph H. Manson, Helen Ball, Michael Williams, Erik Pearson & John Berard - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (2):342-344.
  13. Knowledge, Reflection and Sceptical Hypotheses.Michael Williams - 2004 - Erkenntnis 61 (2-3):315-343.
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  14. Humanitarian Intervention.Terry Nardin & Melissa Williams (eds.) - 2006 - New York University Press.
     
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  15. Responsibility and Reliability.Michael Williams - 2008 - Philosophical Papers 37 (1):1-26.
    ‘Responsibilist' approaches to epistemology link knowledge and justification with epistemically responsible belief management, where responsible management is understood to involve an essential element of guidance by recognized epistemic norms. By contrast, reliabilist approaches stress the de facto reliability of cognitive processes, rendering epistemic self-consciousness as inessential. I argue that, although an adequate understanding of human knowledge must make room for both responsibility and reliability, philosophers have had a hard time putting them together, largely owing to a tendency, on the part (...)
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  16. Petrifying Earth Process: The Stratigraphic Imprint of Key Earth System Parameters in the Anthropocene.Jan Zalasiewicz, Will Steffen, Reinhold Leinfelder, Mark Williams & Colin Waters - 2017 - Theory, Culture and Society 34 (2-3):83-104.
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  17. Contextualism, Externalism and Epistemic Standards.Michael Williams - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 103 (1):1 - 23.
    I want to discuss an approach to knowledge that I shall call simple conversational contextualism or SCC for short. Proponents of SCC think that it offers an illuminating account of both why scepti- cism is wrong and why arguments for scepticism are so intuitively appealing. I have my doubts.
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  18.  21
    Citizenship as Identity, Citizenship as Shared Fate, and the Functions of Multiculatural Education.Melissa S. Williams - 2003 - In Kevin McDonough & Walter Feinberg (eds.), Citizenship and Education in Liberal-Democratic Societies: Teaching for Cosmopolitan Values and Collective Identities. Oxford University Press.
    This is the second of the four essays in Part II of the book on liberalism and traditionalist education; all four are by authors who would like to find ways for the liberal state to honour the self-definitions of traditional cultures and to find ways of avoiding a confrontation with differences. Melissa Williams examines citizenship as identity in relation to the project of nation-building, the shifting boundaries of citizenship in relation to globalization, citizenship as shared fate, and the role of (...)
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  19.  83
    Do We (Epistemologists) Need a Theory of Truth?Michael Williams - 1986 - Philosophical Topics 14 (1):223-242.
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  20. Science and Sensibility: McDowell and Sellars on Perceptual Experience.Michael Williams - 2006 - European Journal of Philosophy 14 (2):302–325.
  21.  8
    A Democratic Case for Comparative Political Theory.M. S. Williams & M. E. Warren - 2014 - Political Theory 42 (1):26-57.
    Globalization generates new structures of human interdependence and vulnerability while also posing challenges for models of democracy rooted in territorially bounded states. The diverse phenomena of globalization have stimulated two relatively new branches of political theory: theoretical accounts of the possibilities of democracy beyond the state; and comparative political theory, which aims at bringing non-Western political thought into conversation with the Western traditions that remain dominant in the political theory academy. This article links these two theoretical responses to globalization by (...)
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  22.  54
    Science and Social Science: An Introduction.Malcolm Williams - 2000 - Routledge.
    Is social science really a science at all, and if so in what sense? This is the first real question that any course on the philosophy of the social sciences must tackle. In this brief introduction, Malcolm Williams gives the students the grounding that will enable them to discuss the issues involved with confidence.
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  23. 3 Rorty on Knowledge and Truth.Michael Williams - 2003 - In Charles B. Guignon & David R. Hiley (eds.), Richard Rorty. Cambridge University Press. pp. 61.
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  24.  12
    Academic Dishonesty, Self-Control, and General Criminality: A Prospective and Retrospective Study of Academic Dishonesty in a New Zealand University.Mei Wah M. Williams & Matthew Neil Williams - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (2):89 - 112.
    Academic dishonesty is an insidious problem that besets most tertiary institutions, where considerable resources are expended to prevent and manage students' dishonest actions within academia. Using a mixed retrospective and prospective design this research investigated Gottfredson and Hirschi's self-control theory as a possible explanation for academic dishonesty in 264 university students. The relationship between academic dishonesty and general criminality was also examined. A significant but small to moderate relationship between academic dishonesty and general criminality was present, including correlations with general (...)
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  25. Scepticism and the Context of Philosophy.Michael Williams - 2004 - Philosophical Issues 14 (1):456–475.
  26. Context, Meaning, and Truth.Michael Williams - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 117 (1-2):107-130.
  27. Epistemological Realism and the Basis of Scepticism.Michael Williams - 1988 - Mind 97 (387):415-439.
  28.  3
    Meaning and Deflationary Truth.Michael Williams - 1999 - Journal of Philosophy 96 (11):545.
  29. Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature: Thirtieth-Anniversary Edition.Richard Rorty, Michael Williams & David Bromwich - 2008 - Princeton University Press.
    When it first appeared in 1979, Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature hit the philosophical world like a bombshell. In it, Richard Rorty argued that, beginning in the seventeenth century, philosophers developed an unhealthy obsession with the notion of representation: comparing the mind to a mirror that reflects reality. Rorty's book is a powerful critique of this imagery and the tradition of thought that it spawned. Thirty years later, the book remains a must-read and stands as a classic of twentieth-century (...)
     
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  30.  6
    The Logical Status of the Theory of Natural Selection and Other Evolutionary Controversies.Mary B. Williams - 1973 - In Mario Augusto Bunge (ed.), The Methodological Unity of Science. Boston: Reidel. pp. 84--102.
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  31. Book Review: Eastern Orthodoxy Through Western Eyes. [REVIEW]Marti Williams - 2004 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 58 (1):100-101.
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  32.  2
    Truth and Objectivity.Michael Williams & Crispin Wright - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (1):145.
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  33. Nonsense and Cosmic Exile: The Austere Reading of the Tractatus.Meredith Williams - 2004 - In Max Kölbel & Bernhard Weiss (eds.), Wittgenstein's Lasting Significance. Routledge.
     
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  34.  74
    Dretske on Epistemic Entitlement.Michael Williams - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (3):607-612.
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  35.  3
    Rethinking the Logic of Security: Liberal Realism and the Recovery of American Political Thought.V. S. Tjalve & M. C. Williams - 2015 - Télos 2015 (170):46-66.
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  36. Skepticism, Evidence and Entitlement1.Michael Williams - 2013 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 87 (1):36-71.
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  37.  8
    Situated Objectivity.Malcolm Williams - 2005 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 35 (1):99–120.
    This paper is a re-examination of the issue of objectivity in sociology. Though it begins from the premise that objectivity is a necessary precondition for a minimally scientific sociology, it sides with subjectivists who claim that values are ever present in investigation. Values are shown to exist along a continuum in investigation. The paper develops the argument that objectivity is a value itself and is nested in other values that will take on a contextual character dependent upon disciplines. Two brief (...)
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  38.  74
    What's so Special About Human Knowledge?Michael Williams - 2015 - Episteme 12 (2):249-268.
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  39. Wright Against the Sceptics.Michael Williams - 2012 - In Crispin Wright & Annalisa Coliva (eds.), Mind, Meaning, and Knowledge: Themes From the Philosophy of Crispin Wright. Oxford University Press.
     
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  40. Investigating the Features of the M170 in Congenital Prosopagnosia.Davide Rivolta, Romina Palermo, Laura Schmalzl & Mark A. Williams - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  41.  31
    Contingent Realism—Abandoning Necessity.Malcolm Williams - 2011 - Social Epistemology 25 (1):37-56.
    In recent years, realism?particularly critical realism?has become an important philosophical and methodological foundation for social science. A key feature is that of natural necessity, but this coexists alongside an acceptance of contingency in the social world. I argue in this paper that there cannot be any natural necessity in the social world, but rather the real nature of the social world is that it is contingent. This need not lead to an abandonment of realism, and indeed I argue that a (...)
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  42.  35
    Is Contextualism Statable?Michael J. Williams - 2000 - Noûs 34 (s1):80-85.
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  43. Fitness as Primitive and Propensity.Alexander Rosenberg & Mary Williams - 1986 - Philosophy of Science 53 (3):412-418.
  44.  21
    Species Are Individuals: Theoretical Foundations for the Claim.Mary B. Williams - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (4):578-590.
    This paper shows that species are individuals with respect to evolutionary theory in the sense that the laws of the theory deal with species as irreducible wholes rather than as sets of organisms. 'Species X' is an instantiation of a primitive term of the theory. I present a sketch of a proof that it cannot be defined within the theory as a set of organisms; the proof relies not on details of my axiomatization but rather on a generally accepted property (...)
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  45. Reliability and Responsibility.M. Williams - forthcoming - Philosophical Papers.
     
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  46. Book Review: Gnosis and Faith in Early Christianity: An Introduction to Gnosticism. [REVIEW]Michael A. Williams - 2001 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 55 (1):96-98.
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  47. "Fitness" in Fact and Fiction: A Rejoinder to Sober.Mary B. Williams & Alexander Rosenberg - 1985 - Journal of Philosophy 82 (12):738 - 749.
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  48.  33
    The Significance of Learning in Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy.Meredith Williams - 1994 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 24 (2):173 - 203.
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  49.  40
    The Unity of Hume's Philosophical Project.Michael Williams - 2004 - Hume Studies 30 (2):265-296.
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  50.  16
    Social Objects, Causality and Contingent Realism.Malcolm Williams - 2009 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 39 (1):1-18.
    This paper is a realist argument for the existence of “social objects”. Social objects, I argue, are the outcome states of a contingent causal process and in turn posses causal properties. This argument has consequences for what we can mean by realism and consequences for the development of a realist methodology. Realism should abandon the notion of natural necessity in favour of a view that the “real” nature of the social world is contingent and necessity is only revealed in outcome (...)
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