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Michael Wreen [82]Michael J. Wreen [21]M. Wreen [6]M. J. Wreen [2]
Michael Joseph Wreen [1]MichaelJ Wreen [1]
  1.  89
    The 'by' word.Michael Wreen - 1988 - Analysis 48 (3):154.
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  2.  45
    What Is Moral Relativism?Michael Wreen - 2018 - Philosophy 93 (3):337-354.
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  3.  21
    Existential Import.Michael Wreen - 1984 - Critica 16 (47):59-64.
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  4.  34
    In Defense of Speciesism.Michael Wreen - unknown
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  5.  11
    Moral Relativism and Majority Rule.Michael Wreen - 2019 - Metaphilosophy 50 (3):361-376.
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  6. What’s Really Wrong with Adultery.Michael J. Wreen - 1986 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (2):45-49.
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  7.  28
    Relativism and Comparative Moral Judgments.Michael Wreen - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (1):105-111.
    On relativism, it has been argued, certain comparative moral judgments are impossible. Judgments which compare two moral codes, judgments which compare one’s own moral code with another, judgments which, on the basis of a comparison with one’s own code, condemn specific moral practices permitted or required by other codes, judgments which speak of moral progress or reform—all are nonsensical or impossible, the argument alleges. Although commonly conflated, arguments for these distinct but related theses are first distinguished, then exposed, and last (...)
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  8. Autonomy, Religious Values, and Refusal of Lifesaving Medical Treatment.M. J. Wreen - 1991 - Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (3):124-130.
    The principal question of this paper is: Why are religious values special in refusal of lifesaving medical treatment? This question is approached through a critical examination of a common kind of refusal of treatment case, one involving a rational adult. The central value cited in defence of honouring such a patient's refusal is autonomy. Once autonomy is isolated from other justificatory factors, however, possible cases can be imagined which cast doubt on the great valuational weight assigned it by strong anti-paternalists. (...)
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  9. Knockdown Arguments.Michael J. Wreen - 1995 - Informal Logic 17 (3):316-336.
    Two brainless curs, Alan Brinton and Douglas Walton, have recently had the impudence to suggest that several of my views on argumentum ad baculum are mistaken. While hardship and toil await them in this life and eternal damnation in the next, punishment begins with this paper. In it, I clarify my position, defend my views, and critique their arguments. Last, I argue ad baculum against both of them, threatening both with the loss of reputation, employment, and respect unless they repudiate (...)
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  10.  78
    Admit No Force But Argument.Michael J. Wreen - 1988 - Informal Logic 10 (2).
  11. Relativism, Absolutism, and Tolerance.Hye-Kyung Kim & Michael Wreen - 2003 - Metaphilosophy 34 (4):447-459.
  12.  40
    Look, Ma! No Frans!Michael J. Wreen - 1994 - Pragmatics and Cognition 2 (2):285-306.
    This paper criticizes the pragma-dialectical conception of a fallacy, according to which a fallacy is an argumentative speech act which violates one or more of the rules of 'rational discussion'. That conception is found to be neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition for committing a fallacy. It is also found wanting in several other respects.
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  13. Medical Futility and Physician Discretion.Michael Wreen - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 1 (3):257-267.
    Some patients have no chance of surviving if not treated, but very little chance if treated. A number of medical ethicists and physicians have argued that treatment in such cases is medically futile and a matter of physician discretion. This paper is a critical examination of that position. According to Howard Brody and others, a judgment of medical futility is a purely technical matter, and one which physicians are uniquely qualified to make. Although Brody later retracted these claims, he held (...)
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  14.  87
    Jealousy.Michael J. Wreen - 1989 - Noûs 23 (5):635-652.
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  15.  31
    May the Force Be with You.Michael J. Wreen - 1988 - Argumentation 2 (4):425-440.
    This paper is a critical assessment of argumentum ad baculum, or appeal to force. Its principal contention is that, contrary to common opinion, there is no general fallacy of ad baculum. Most real-life ad baculums are, in fact, fairly strong. A basic logical form for reconstructed ad baculums is proposed, and a number of heterodoxical conclusions are also advanced and argued for. They include that ad baculum is not necessarily a prudential argument, that ad baculum need not involve force, violence, (...)
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  16. Counterfeit Coins and Forged Paintings: Caveat Emptor.Michael Wreen - 1980 - Analysis 40 (3):146 - 151.
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  17. Forgery.Michael Wreen - 2002 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 32 (2):143 - 166.
    Still, in this paper I’m not going to be laudatory, enthusiastic, or appreciative, but instead address the distinctly philosophical question of what a forgery is—investigate the concept of a forgery, as philosophers used to say, and sometimes still do. Only after that question and a few others have been answered should we ask the question that everyone wants to ask straight off: What, if anything, is aesthetically wrong with a forgery? Interesting as that question is, space limitations prevent me from (...)
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  18.  15
    How Tolerant Must a Relativist Be?Michael Wreen - forthcoming - Public Affairs Quarterly.
  19.  51
    Kripke’s Contingent A Priori.Michael Wreen - 1983 - International Studies in Philosophy 15 (3):55-59.
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  20.  30
    Medical Futility and Physician Discretion.M. Wreen - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (3):275-278.
    Some patients have no chance of surviving if not treated, but very little chance if treated. A number of medical ethicists and physicians have argued that treatment in such cases is medically futile and a matter of physician discretion. This paper critically examines that position.According to Howard Brody and others, a judgment of medical futility is a purely technical matter, which physicians are uniquely qualified to make. Although Brody later retracted these claims, he held to the view that physicians need (...)
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  21.  73
    The Ontology of Intellectual Property.Michael Wreen - 2010 - The Monist 93 (3):433-449.
  22.  62
    Existence as a Property.Michael Wreen - 2017 - Acta Analytica 32 (3):297-312.
    This paper is a defense of the view that existence is a property. Since the view is still a minority one, a fair amount of space is allotted to defending it against objections and counter-arguments. Positive arguments aren’t lacking, however, and emerge in the course of the discussion. Not all of the many positive or negative arguments which follow are wholly original—a fact to be expected in this context—but a fair number are, and both sorts of argument are seamlessly interwoven (...)
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  23. Nihilism, Relativism, and Engelhardt.Michael Wreen - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (1):73-88.
    This paper is a critical analysis of Tristram Engelhardt''s attempts to avoid unrestricted nihilism and relativism. The focus of attention is his recent book, The Foundations of Bioethics (Oxford University Press, 1996). No substantive or content-full bioethics (e.g., that of Roman Catholicism or the Samurai) has an intersubjectively verifiable and universally binding foundation, Engelhardt thinks, for unaided secular reason cannot show that any particular substantive morality (or moral code) is correct. He thus seems to be committed to either nihilism or (...)
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  24. A Second Form of Argument From Analogy.Michael J. Wreen - 2007 - Theoria 73 (3):221-239.
    One form of argument from analogy is identified and Stephen Barker's remarks about a second kind of argument from analogy, non-inductive (and non-deductive) argument from analogy, are used as a springboard to identify a second form. That form is then refined, explained, exemplified, and related to the first form. It is argued that there is a spectrum of different forms of argument from analogy, with the two forms identified being end points on the spectrum. Except in terms of form, however, (...)
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  25.  49
    Kant's Philosophy of Religion Reconsidered.Philip J. Rossi & Michael Wreen (eds.) - 1991 - Indiana University Press.
    "The essays, both philosophical and historical, demonstrate the continuing significance of a neglected aspect of Kant’s thought."—Religious Studies Review Challenging the traditional view that Kant's account of religion was peripheral to his thinking, these essays demonstrate the centrality of religion to Kant's critical philosophy. Contributors are Sharon Anderson-Gold, Leslie A. Mulholland, Anthony N. Perovich, Jr., Philip J. Rossi, Joseph Runzo, Denis Savage, Walter Sparn, Burkhard Tuschling, Nicholas P. Wolterstorff, and Allen W. Wood.
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  26.  54
    The Standing is Slippery.Michael J. Wreen - 2004 - Philosophy 79 (4):553-572.
    This paper is a critical examination of the so-called slippery slope argument for the conservative position on abortion. The argument was discussed in the philosophic literature some time back, but has since fallen into disfavor. The argument is first exposed and a general objection to it is advanced, then rebutted. Rosalind Hursthouse's more detailed and stronger objection is next aired, but also found less than convincing. In the course of discussing her objection, the correct form of the argument is identified, (...)
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  27. The Definition of Euthanasia.Michael Wreen - 1988 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 48 (4):637-653.
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  28. Abortion and Pregnancy Due to Rape.Michael Wreen - 1992 - Philosophia 21 (3-4):201-220.
  29.  26
    Omnipotence.Michael Wreen - 2018 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 84 (2):205-221.
    If asked to define ‘omnipotence,’ the man on the street would probably say that it’s the ability to do anything. That’s about it, he’d think; nothing more needs be said. Philosophers are never so easily satisfied. They take it as matter of professional duty to find serious problems in important concepts, and to suggest that the concept be rejected or that solutions are at hand. This paper falls into the latter camp. Beginning with a relatively simple definition of ‘omnipotence,’ increasingly (...)
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  30. Proper Names and the Necessity of Identity Statements.Michael Wreen - 1998 - Synthese 114 (2):319-335.
    An identity statement flanked on both sides with proper names is necessarily true, Saul Kripke thinks, if it's true at all. Thus, contrary to the received view – or at least what was, prior to Kripke, the received view – a statement like(A) Hesperus is Phosphorus.
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  31.  39
    Hypothetical Autonomy and Actual Autonomy: Some Problem Cases Involving Advance Directives.M. J. Wreen - 2004 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 15 (4):319.
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  32.  79
    Goodman on Forgery.Michael Wreen - 1983 - Philosophical Quarterly 33 (133):340-353.
  33.  91
    Abortion: The Extreme Liberal Position.Michael Wreen - 1987 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 12 (3):241-265.
    Discussions regarding abortion are often misguided and confused. This paper critically examines the extreme liberal view, which argues that neither the fetus, at any stage of development, nor the young infant has a right to life. It focuses on the general argumentative strategy employed by a number of philosophers in arriving at an extreme liberal view. An evaluative critique of an extreme liberal view is offered as a step toward clarifying and expanding upon the abortion debate. Keywords: abortion, personhood, speciesism, (...)
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  34.  21
    A Bolt of Fear.Michael J. Wreen - 1989 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 22 (2):131 - 140.
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  35.  50
    Passing the Bottle.Michael J. Wreen - 1986 - Philosophia 15 (4):427-444.
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  36.  82
    A P.S. On B.S.: Some Remarks on Humbug and Bullshit.Michael Wreen - 2013 - Metaphilosophy 44 (1-2):105-115.
    While lies have attracted philosophical attention since antiquity, phenomena in the near area have generated considerably less interest. Lately, however, Max Black and Harry Frankfurt have visited a close relative: humbug or bullshit, as it's either more politely or more rudely called. In this article their views on humbug and bullshit are exposed, explained, critiqued, and, ultimately, rejected. An alternative view is then proposed and defended.
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  37.  16
    Absent Thee From Fallacy a While?Michael J. Wreen - 1997 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 30 (4):351 - 366.
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  38.  7
    My Kind of Person.Michael Wreen - 1986 - Between the Species 2 (1):9.
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  39.  22
    Light From Darkness, From Ignorance Knowledge.Michael Wreen - 1989 - Dialectica 43 (4):299-314.
    SummaryThis paper is a critical examination of argumentum ad ignorantiam, or arguing from ignorance. Ad ignorantiam is regarded as a fallacy, and certainly no route to knowledge, by most philosophers. However, case studies of ad ignorantiam are almost non‐existent, and theoretical discussions few in number. Thus this paper begins with a number of case studies. From them some morals are drawn. The morals concern the interpretation and evaluation of arguments in general and the nature and epistemic value of ad ignorantiam (...)
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  40.  79
    Once is Not Enough?Michael Wreen - 1990 - British Journal of Aesthetics 30 (2):149-158.
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  41. Descartes, Doubt, and Dualism.Michael Wreen - 2005 - Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 8.
    One well-known argument for the view that a person isn’t identical with his body is commonly attributed to Descartes. In brief, the argument is: ‘I can doubt that my body exists; I can’t doubt that I exist; so I am not my body.’ No one thinks that the argument is sound --- not even Descartes after he closely examined it. In this paper, I reconstruct the argument, explain and criticize various objections to it , and identify and defend what I (...)
     
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  42.  23
    Yes, Virginia, There Is A Santa Claus.Michael J. Wreen - 1987 - Informal Logic 9 (1):31-39.
  43.  31
    The Definition of Suicide.Michael Wreen - 1988 - Social Theory and Practice 14 (1):1-23.
  44.  37
    Breathing a Little Life Into a Distinction.Michael Wreen - 1984 - Philosophical Studies 46 (3):395 - 402.
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  45.  20
    The Definition of Death.Michael J. Wreen - 1987 - Public Affairs Quarterly 1 (4):87-99.
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  46.  94
    The Power of Potentiality.Michael J. Wreen - 1986 - Theoria 52 (1-2):16-40.
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  47.  49
    The Identity of Indiscernibles.Michael Wreen - 2015 - Philosophy 90 (1):33-57.
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  48.  80
    Some Remarks on Forgery, Plagiarism, and Piracy.Michael Wreen - 1984 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (1):129-137.
  49.  37
    Creativity.Michael Wreen - 2015 - Philosophia 43 (3):891-913.
    This paper is an analysis of the concept of creativity. Tradition is followed in distinguishing three related but increasing complex concepts. The first concerns mere making or bringing into existence. It is not examined at length. The second builds on the first but includes the notion of novelty. The third incorporates the second but adds the notion of value. The latter two concepts of creativity are explored in great detail.
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  50.  44
    Two 'By' Ways.Michael Wreen - 1987 - Analysis 47 (2):120 - 124.
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