Results for 'Maddy Janssens'

846 found
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  1.  31
    Towards an Ethical Research Agenda for International HRM: The Possibilities of a Plural Cosmopolitan Framework. [REVIEW]Maddy Janssens & Chris Steyaert - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (1):61-72.
    In this conceptual paper, we aim to develop a much needed ethical research agenda for international Human Resource Management (HRM), given that the changing geopolitical dynamics interrogate the political role of multinational companies and the ethical stance they take in their HRM practices. To theoretically ground this agenda, we turn to cosmopolitanism and distinguish three main perspectives—political, cultural, and social—each of which implies a different understanding of the self–other relation in the context of the global world. We translate the core (...)
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  2.  56
    Recent Work in Philosophy of Mathematics: Review of P. Maddy, Naturalism in Mathematics; S. Shapiro, Philosophy of Mathematics: Structure and Ontology; M. Resnik, Mathematics as a Science of Patterns.Jamie Tappenden, Penelope Maddy, Stewart Shapiro & Michael Resnik - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (9):488.
  3.  22
    The Logical Must: Wittgenstein on Logic.Penelope Maddy - 2014 - Oxford, England: Oup Usa.
    The Logical Must is an examination of Wittgenstein's philosophy of logic, early and late, from an austere naturalistic perspective called "Second Philosophy.".
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  4. When Knowledge is Not Identified with Reason: An Interview with Paul Janssen.M. Muransky & P. Janssen - 2003 - Filozofia 58 (8):564-570.
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  5. Realism in Mathematics.Penelope Maddy - 1990 - Oxford, England and New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Prress.
    Mathematicians tend to think of themselves as scientists investigating the features of real mathematical things, and the wildly successful application of mathematics in the physical sciences reinforces this picture of mathematics as an objective study. For philosophers, however, this realism about mathematics raises serious questions: What are mathematical things? Where are they? How do we know about them? Offering a scrupulously fair treatment of both mathematical and philosophical concerns, Penelope Maddy here delineates and defends a novel version of mathematical (...)
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  6. Naturalism in Mathematics.Penelope Maddy - 1997 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Naturalism in Mathematics investigates how the most fundamental assumptions of mathematics can be justified. One prevalent philosophical approach to the problem--realism--is examined and rejected in favor of another approach--naturalism. Penelope Maddy defines this naturalism, explains the motivation for it, and shows how it can be successfully applied in set theory. Her clear, original treatment of this fundamental issue is informed by current work in both philosophy and mathematics, and will be accessible and enlightening to readers from both disciplines.
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  7. Maddy On The Multiverse.Claudio Ternullo - 2019 - In Deniz Sarikaya, Deborah Kant & Stefania Centrone (eds.), Reflections on the Foundations of Mathematics. Berlin: Springer Verlag. pp. 43-78.
    Penelope Maddy has recently addressed the set-theoretic multiverse, and expressed reservations on its status and merits ([Maddy, 2017]). The purpose of the paper is to examine her concerns, by using the interpretative framework of set-theoretic naturalism. I first distinguish three main forms of 'multiversism', and then I proceed to analyse Maddy's concerns. Among other things, I take into account salient aspects of multiverse-related mathematics , in particular, research programmes in set theory for which the use of the (...)
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  8. Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method.Penelope Maddy - 2007 - Oxford, England and New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
    Many philosophers these days consider themselves naturalists, but it's doubtful any two of them intend the same position by the term. In Second Philosophy, Penelope Maddy describes and practices a particularly austere form of naturalism called "Second Philosophy". Without a definitive criterion for what counts as "science" and what doesn't, Second Philosophy can't be specified directly ("trust only the methods of science" for example), so Maddy proceeds instead by illustrating the behaviors of an idealized inquirer she calls the (...)
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  9.  68
    Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method.Penelope Maddy - 2007 - Oxford, England and New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
    Many philosophers claim to be naturalists, but there is no common understanding of what naturalism is. Maddy proposes an austere form of naturalism called 'Second Philosophy', using the persona of an idealized inquirer, and she puts this method into practice in illuminating reflections on logical truth, philosophy of mathematics, and metaphysics.
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  10. Maddy On The Multiverse.Claudio Ternullo - 2019 - In Stefania Centrone, Deborah Kant & Deniz Sarikaya (eds.), Reflections on the Foundations of Mathematics: Univalent Foundations, Set Theory and General Thoughts. Springer Verlag. pp. 43-78.
    Penelope Maddy has recently addressed the set-theoretic multiverseset-theoretic multiverse, and expressed reservations on its status and merits Foundations of mathematics. Essays in honor of W. Hugh Woodin’s 60th birthday. Contemporary mathematics. American Mathematical Society, Providence, pp. 289–322, 2017). The purpose of the paper is to examine her concerns, by using the interpretative framework of set-theoretic naturalismset-theoretic naturalism. I first distinguish three main forms of ‘multiversism’multiversism, and then I proceed to analyse MaddyMaddy’s concerns. Among other things, I take into account (...)
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  11. The Quinean Roots of Lewis’s Humeanism.Frederique Janssen-Lauret - 2017 - The Monist 100 (2):249-265.
    An odd dissensus between confident metaphysicians and neopragmatist antimetaphysicians pervades early twenty-first century analytic philosophy. Each faction is convinced their side has won the day, but both are mistaken about the philosophical legacy of the twentieth century. More historical awareness is needed to overcome the current dissensus. Lewis and his possible-world system are lionised by metaphysicians; Quine’s pragmatist scruples about heavy-duty metaphysics inspire antimetaphysicians. But Lewis developed his system under the influence of his teacher Quine, inheriting from him his empiricism, (...)
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  12. Maddy and Mathematics: Naturalism or Not.Jeffrey W. Roland - 2007 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (3):423-450.
    Penelope Maddy advances a purportedly naturalistic account of mathematical methodology which might be taken to answer the question 'What justifies axioms of set theory?' I argue that her account fails both to adequately answer this question and to be naturalistic. Further, the way in which it fails to answer the question deprives it of an analog to one of the chief attractions of naturalism. Naturalism is attractive to naturalists and nonnaturalists alike because it explains the reliability of scientific practice. (...)
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  13.  8
    The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge.Penelope Maddy - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (2):312-314.
  14.  3
    Personalist Morals: Essays in Honor of Professor Louis Janssens.Louis Janssens, Joseph A. Selling & Franz Böckle (eds.) - 1988 - Peeters.
  15. Between Athens and Jerusalem: Philosophy, Prophecy, and Politics in Leo Strauss's Early Thought.David Janssens - 2008 - State University of New York Press.
    Examines the early works of German-Jewish philosopher Leo Strauss (1899-1973).
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  16.  20
    Defending the Axioms: On the Philosophical Foundations of Set Theory.Penelope Maddy - 2011 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Mathematics depends on proofs, and proofs must begin somewhere, from some fundamental assumptions. For nearly a century, the axioms of set theory have played this role, so the question of how these axioms are properly judged takes on a central importance. Approaching the question from a broadly naturalistic or second-philosophical point of view, Defending the Axioms isolates the appropriate methods for such evaluations and investigates the ontological and epistemological backdrop that makes them appropriate. In the end, a new account of (...)
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  17.  6
    This Body Which is Not Mine: The Notion of the Habit Body, Prostitution and (Dis)Embodiment.Maddy Coy - 2009 - Feminist Theory 10 (1):61-75.
    This paper explores women's accounts of prostitution in terms of the lived experience of the body, drawing on life story narratives and arts images created by women in the sex industry. These narratives show that women's experiences of prostitution constitute a spectrum of embodiment that is inflected, not determined, by settings and contexts. Theoretical approaches to embodiment were sought that acknowledged tensions between violation and a sense of empowerment. Therefore, the ontology of selling sex, and associated experiences such as violence, (...)
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  18. Indispensability and Practice.Penelope Maddy - 1992 - Journal of Philosophy 89 (6):275.
  19. Motivating Maddy’s Naturalist to Adopt Pluralism.Michèle Friend - 2014 - In Pluralism in Mathematics: A New Position in Philosophy of Mathematics. Springer Verlag.
     
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  20.  61
    Logic and the Discursive Intellect.Penelope Maddy - 1999 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 40 (1):94-115.
    The effort to fit simple logical truths–like `if it's either red or green and it's not red, then it must be green'–into Kant's account of knowledge turns up a position more subtle and intriguing than might be expected at first glance.
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  21.  15
    Mathematics: Form and Function.Penelope Maddy - 1988 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (2):643-645.
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  22.  22
    Friedman's Permanent Income Hypothesis as an Example of Diagnostic Reasoning: Maarten C. W. Janssen and Yao-Hua Tan.Maarten C. W. Janssen - 1992 - Economics and Philosophy 8 (1):23-46.
    Many recent developments in artificial intelligence research are relevant for traditional issues in the philosophy of science. One of the developments in AI research we want to focus on in this article is diagnostic reasoning, which we consider to be of interest for the theory of explanation in general and for an understanding of explanatory arguments in economic science in particular. Usually, explanation is primarily discussed in terms of deductive inferences in classical logic. However, in recent AI research it is (...)
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  23. Penelope Maddy: What Do Philosophers Do? Skepticism and the Practice of Philosophy.Timothy Williamson - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy 114 (9):492-497.
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  24. Believing the Axioms. I.Penelope Maddy - 1988 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (2):481-511.
  25. Perception and Mathematical Intuition.Penelope Maddy - 1980 - Philosophical Review 89 (2):163-196.
  26. Presentism and Relativity. [REVIEW]Yuri Balashov & Michel Janssen - 2003 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (2):327-346.
    In this critical notice we argue against William Craig's recent attempt to reconcile presentism (roughly, the view that only the present is real) with relativity theory. Craig's defense of his position boils down to endorsing a ‘neo-Lorentzian interpretation’ of special relativity. We contend that his reconstruction of Lorentz's theory and its historical development is fatally flawed and that his arguments for reviving this theory fail on many counts. 1 Rival theories of time 2 Relativity and the present 3 Special relativity: (...)
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  27.  2
    Quine, Structure, and Ontology.Frederique Janssen-Lauret (ed.) - 2020 - Oxford University Press.
    W.V. Quine, a champion of philosophical naturalism and pioneer of mathematical logic, was one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century. This volume provides a full picture of the development of Quine's views on structure and how it permeates and shapes his attitude to a range of philosophical questions.
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  28. Sex, Gender and Health: Developments in Research.Toine Lagro-Janssen - 2007 - European Journal of Women's Studies 14 (1):9-20.
    The feminist movement was from its start in the 19th century involved in the struggle for better health care for women. The first feminists aimed at better information on birth control and sexuality. The second feminist wave focused on the unequal division of power roles between men and women. A lot of the problems women experienced could be seen as a consequence of their subordinate role in society. At the end of the 1980s and in the 1990s, the discipline women (...)
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  29.  41
    How the Causal Theorist Follows a Rule.Penelope Maddy - 1984 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 9 (1):457-477.
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  30.  14
    Pressure and Coercion in the Care for the Addicted: Ethical Perspectives.M. J. P. A. Janssens - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (5):453-458.
    The use of coercive measures in the care for the addicted has changed over the past 20 years. Laws that have adopted the “dangerousness” criterion in order to secure patients’ rights to non-intervention are increasingly subjected to critique as many authors plead for wider dangerousness criteria. One of the most salient moral issues at stake is whether addicts who are at risk of causing danger to themselves should be involuntarily admitted and/or treated. In this article, it is argued that the (...)
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  31.  57
    What Do Philosophers Do? Maddy, Moore and Wittgenstein.Annalisa Coliva - 2018 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 8 (3):198-207.
    _ Source: _Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 198 - 207 The paper discusses and presents an alternative interpretation to Penelope Maddy’s reading of G.E. Moore’s and Ludwig Wittgenstein’s anti-skeptical strategies as proposed in her book _What Do Philosophers Do? Skepticism and the Practice of Philosophy_. It connects this discussion with the methodological claims Maddy puts forward and offers an alternative to her therapeutic reading of Wittgenstein’s _On Certainty_.
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  32. Penelope Maddy. Defending the Axioms: On the Philosophical Foundations of Set Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-19-959618-8 (Hbk); 978-0-19-967148-9 (Pbk). Pp. X + 150. [REVIEW]C. McLarty - 2013 - Philosophia Mathematica 21 (3):385-392.
  33.  20
    Mathematical Realism.Penelope Maddy - 1988 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 12 (1):275-285.
  34. Believing the Axioms. II.Penelope Maddy - 1988 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (3):736-764.
  35.  7
    What Do Philosophers Do?: Skepticism and the Practice of Philosophy.Penelope Maddy - 2017 - Oxford University Press USA.
    What Do Philosophers Do? takes up the leading arguments for radical skepticism from an everyday point of view. A range of philosophical methods are examined and employed, for a revealing portrait of what philosophers do, and perhaps a quiet suggestion for what they should do, for what they do best.
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  36.  21
    Frederique Janssen-Lauret and Gary Kemp, Eds., Quine and His Place in History. [REVIEW]James Andrew Smith Jr - 2019 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 7 (7).
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  37.  75
    Three Forms of Naturalism.Penelope Maddy - 2005 - In Stewart Shapiro (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter compares and contrasts Quine’s naturalism with the versions of two post-Quineans on the nature of science, logic, and mathematics. The role of indispensability in the philosophy of mathematics is treated in detail.
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  38.  22
    Strategic Adaptation to Performance Objectives in a Dual-Task Setting.Christian P. Janssen & Duncan P. Brumby - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (8):1548-1560.
    How do people interleave attention when multitasking? One dominant account is that the completion of a subtask serves as a cue to switch tasks. But what happens if switching solely at subtask boundaries led to poor performance? We report a study in which participants manually dialed a UK-style telephone number while driving a simulated vehicle. If the driver were to exclusively return his or her attention to driving after completing a subtask (i.e., using the single break in the xxxxx-xxxxxx representational (...)
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  39.  42
    Penelope Maddy: The Logical Must: Wittgenstein on Logic.Michael Kremer - 2015 - Journal of Philosophy 112 (12):671-677.
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  40.  16
    Maddy vs. Quine on Innate Concepts. Revisiting a Perennial Debate in Light of Recent Empirical Results.Reto Gubelmann - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (1):159-177.
    This article critically assesses the empirical research that leads Quine, in his posthumously published work, to abandon his empiricist principle that humans do not have any innate concepts, or knowledge. It is the same empirical research that Penelope Maddy capitalizes on to develop her own contributions to naturalized epistemology, and it has been pioneered by developmental psychologist Elisabeth Spelke. Spelke employs the method of habituation and preferential looking to argue that human infants have innate concepts, and that they have (...)
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  41. Disabled People and Ethics of Nursing Research.Maddie Blackburn - 1994 - In Geoffrey Hunt (ed.), Ethical Issues in Nursing. Routledge. pp. 39--54.
     
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  42.  1
    Brein En Bewustzijn: Gedachtesprongen Tussen Hersenen En Mensbeeld.J. Janssen & J. P. A. van Vugt (eds.) - 2006 - Soeterbeeck Programma, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
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  43. Penelope Maddy, Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method.Rafał Krzemianowski & Paweł Kawalec - 2008 - Roczniki Filozoficzne:528-534.
     
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  44.  35
    Penelope Maddy , Defending the Axioms: On the Philosophical Foundations of Set Theory . Reviewed By.Manuel Bremer - 2011 - Philosophy in Review 31 (4):292-294.
  45.  67
    Set-Theoretic Foundations.Penelope Maddy - 2016 - In Andrés Eduardo Caicedo, James Cummings, Peter Koellner & Paul B. Larson (eds.). American Mathematical Society.
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  46. The Philosophy of Logic.Penelope Maddy - 2012 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 18 (4):481-504.
    This talk surveys a range of positions on the fundamental metaphysical and epistemological questions about elementary logic, for example, as a starting point: what is the subject matter of logic—what makes its truths true? how do we come to know the truths of logic? A taxonomy is approached by beginning from well-known schools of thought in the philosophy of mathematics—Logicism, Intuitionism, Formalism, Realism—and sketching roughly corresponding views in the philosophy of logic. Kant, Mill, Frege, Wittgenstein, Carnap, Ayer, Quine, and Putnam (...)
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  47.  28
    What Do We Want a Foundation to Do?Penelope Maddy - 2019 - In Stefania Centrone, Deborah Kant & Deniz Sarikaya (eds.), Reflections on the Foundations of Mathematics: Univalent Foundations, Set Theory and General Thoughts. Springer Verlag. pp. 293-311.
    It’s often said that set theory provides a foundation for classical mathematics because every classical mathematical object can be modeled as a set and every classical mathematical theorem can be proved from the axioms of set theory. This is obviously a remarkable mathematical fact, but it isn’t obvious what makes it ‘foundational’. This paper begins with a taxonomy of the jobs set theory does that might reasonably be regarded as foundational. It then moves on to category-theoretic and univalent foundations, exploring (...)
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  48. A Naturalistic Look at Logic.Penelope Maddy - 2002 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 76 (2):61 - 90.
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  49.  61
    Naturalism and the A Priori.Penelope Maddy - 2000 - In Paul Boghossian & Christopher Peacocke (eds.), New Essays on the A Priori. Oxford University Press. pp. 92--116.
  50.  12
    Sized Out: Women, Clothing Size, and Inequality.Maddie Evans, Kjerstin Gruys & Katelynn Bishop - 2018 - Gender and Society 32 (2):180-203.
    Feminist scholars have long critiqued the fashion industry’s ultra-thin beauty standards as harmful to women. Combining data from three qualitative studies of women’s clothing retailers—of bras, plus-size clothing, and bridal wear—we shift the analytical focus away from glamorized media images toward the seemingly mundane realm of clothing size standards, examining how women encounter, understand, and navigate these standards in their daily lives. We conceptualize clothing size standards as “floating signifiers,” given their lack of consistency within and across brands and the (...)
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