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  1.  31
    Navigating in a Three-Dimensional World.Kathryn J. Jeffery, Aleksandar Jovalekic, Madeleine Verriotis & Robin Hayman - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):523-543.
    The study of spatial cognition has provided considerable insight into how animals (including humans) navigate on the horizontal plane. However, the real world is three-dimensional, having a complex topography including both horizontal and vertical features, which presents additional challenges for representation and navigation. The present article reviews the emerging behavioral and neurobiological literature on spatial cognition in non-horizontal environments. We suggest that three-dimensional spaces are represented in a quasi-planar fashion, with space in the plane of locomotion being computed separately and (...)
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  2.  19
    A Framework for Three-Dimensional Navigation Research.Kathryn J. Jeffery, Aleksandar Jovalekic, Madeleine Verriotis & Robin Hayman - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):571 - 587.
    We have argued that the neurocognitive representation of large-scale, navigable three-dimensional space is anisotropic, having different properties in vertical versus horizontal dimensions. Three broad categories organize the experimental and theoretical issues raised by the commentators: (1) frames of reference, (2) comparative cognition, and (3) the role of experience. These categories contain the core of a research program to show how three-dimensional space is represented and used by humans and other animals.
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  3. Navigating in a 3D World.Kathryn J. Jeffery, Aleksandar Jovalekic, Madeleine Verriotis & Robin Hayman - forthcoming - Behavioral and Brain Sciences.