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  1.  66
    Social Justice: The Moral Foundations of Public Health and Health Policy.Madison Powers & Ruth Faden - 2008 - Oup Usa.
    In bioethics, discussions of justice have tended to focus on questions of fairness in access to health care: is there a right to medical treatment, and how should priorities be set when medical resources are scarce. But health care is only one of many factors that determine the extent to which people live healthy lives, and fairness is not the only consideration in determining whether a health policy is just. In this pathbreaking book, senior bioethicists Powers and Faden confront foundational (...)
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  2. Liberty, Mill and the Framework of Public Health Ethics.Madison Powers, Ruth Faden & Yashar Saghai - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (1):6-15.
    In this article, we address the relevance of J.S. Mill’s political philosophy for a framework of public health ethics. In contrast to some readings of Mill, we reject the view that in the formulation of public policies liberties of all kinds enjoy an equal presumption in their favor. We argue that Mill also rejects this view and discuss the distinction that Mill makes between three kinds of liberty interests: interests that are immune from state interference; interests that enjoy a presumption (...)
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  3. Social Practices, Public Health and the Twin Aims of Justice: Responses to Comments.Madison Powers & Ruth Faden - 2013 - Public Health Ethics 6 (1):45-49.
  4.  23
    Bioethics as Politics: The Limits of Moral Expertise.Madison Powers - 2005 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (3):305-322.
    : The increasing reliance upon, and perhaps the growing public and professional skepticism about, the special expertise of bioethicists suggests the need to consider the limits of moral expertise. For all the talk about method in bioethics, we, bioethicists, are still rather far off the mark in understanding what we are doing, even when we may be going about what we are doing fairly well. Quite often, what is most fundamentally at stake, but equally often insufficiently acknowledged, are inherently political, (...)
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  5.  91
    Justice and the Market for Health Insurance.Madison Powers - 1991 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 1 (4):307-323.
  6.  48
    Inequalities in Health, Inequalities in Health Care: Four Generations of Discussion About Justice and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.Madison Powers & Ruth R. Faden - 2000 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (2):109-127.
    : The focus of questions of justice in health policy has shifted during the last 20 years, beginning with questions about rights to health care, and then, by the late 1980s, turning to issues of rationing. More recently, attention has focused on alternatives to cost-effectiveness analysis. In addition, health inequalities, and not just inequalities in access to health care, have become the subject of moral analysis. This article examines how such trends have transformed the philosophical landscape and encouraged some in (...)
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  7.  61
    Justice in the Genetic Age.Madison Powers - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (5):47-48.
  8.  26
    A Social Justice Framework for Health and Science Policy.Ruth Faden & Madison Powers - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (04):596-604.
    The goal of this article is to explore how a social justice framework can help illuminate the role that consent should play in health and science policy. In the first section, we set the stage for our inquiry with the important case of Henrietta Lacks. Without her knowledge or consent, or that of her family, Mrs. Lacks’s cells gave rise to an enormous advance in biomedical science—the first immortal human cell line, or HeLa cells.
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  9.  33
    Biotechnology, Justice and Health.Ruth Faden & Madison Powers - 2013 - Journal of Practical Ethics 1 (1):49-61.
    New biotechnologies have the potential to both dramatically improve human well-being and dramatically widen inequalities in well-being. This paper addresses a question that lies squarely on the fault line of these two claims: When as a matter of justice are societies obligated to include a new biotechnology in a national healthcare system? This question is approached from the standpoint of a twin aim theory of justice, in which social structures, including nation-states, have double-barreled theoretical objectives with regard to human well-being. (...)
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  10.  22
    A Cognitive Access Definition of Privacy.Madison Powers - 1996 - Law and Philosophy 15 (4):369 - 386.
    Many of the contemporary disagreements regarding privacy are conceptual in nature. They concern the meaning or definition of privacy and the analytic basis of distinguishing privacy rights from other kinds of rights recognized within moral, political, or legal theories. The two main alternatives within this debate include reductionist views, which seek a narrow account of the kinds of invasions or intrusions distinctly involving privacy losses, and anti-reductionist theories, which treat a much broader array of interferences with a person as separate (...)
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  11. Morality, Rules, and Consequences: A Critical Reader.Brad Hooker, Elinor Mason, Dale E. Miller, D. W. Haslett, Shelly Kagan, Sanford S. Levy, David Lyons, Phillip Montague, Tim Mulgan, Philip Pettit, Madison Powers, Jonathan Riley, William H. Shaw, Michael Smith & Alan Thomas - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    What determines whether an action is right or wrong? Morality, Rules, and Consequences: A Critical Reader explores for students and researchers the relationship between consequentialist theory and moral rules. Most of the chapters focus on rule consequentialism or on the distinction between act and rule versions of consequentialism. Contributors, among them the leading philosophers in the discipline, suggest ways of assessing whether rule consequentialism could be a satisfactory moral theory. These essays, all of which are previously unpublished, provide students in (...)
     
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  12.  64
    Forget About Equality.Madison Powers - 1996 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (2):129-144.
    : Justice is widely thought to consist in equality. For many theorists, the central question has been: Equality of what? The author argues that the ideal of equality distorts practical reasoning and has deeply counterintuitive implications. Moreover, an alternative view of distributive justice can give a better account of what egalitarians should care about than can any of the competing ideals of equality.
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  13.  43
    Repugnant Desires and the Two-Tier Conception of Utility.Madison Powers - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (2):171.
    An important objection to many utilitarian theories is that their conceptions of utility may count as morally relevant contributions to individual well-being items which are morally or rationally suspect. For example, if the conception of utility is pleasure, or alternatively, the fulfilment of actual desire or satisfaction of preferences, then greater individual utility may be produced by whatever increases pleasure, fulfils desire, or satisfies someone's preferences. This is true no matter how disgusting or vile we may think such pleasures are, (...)
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  14.  9
    Truth, Interpretation, and Judicial Method in Recent Anglo-American Jurisprudence.Madison Powers - 1992 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 46 (1):101 - 123.
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  15.  1
    A Social Justice Framework For Health And Science Policy.Ruth Faden & Madison Powers - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (4):596-604.
    The goal of this article is to explore how a social justice framework can help illuminate the role that consent should play in health and science policy. In the first section, we set the stage for our inquiry with the important case of Henrietta Lacks. Without her knowledge or consent, or that of her family, Mrs. Lacks’s cells gave rise to an enormous advance in biomedical science—the first immortal human cell line, or HeLa cells.
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  16.  19
    Managed Care: How Economic Incentive Reforms Went Wrong.Madison Powers - 1997 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 7 (4):353-360.
    : In its response to pressures to rationalize health care resource allocation, the American health care system has embraced managed care without concurrent comprehensive health care reform, either in the form of the centralized tax-based systems found in Europe and Canada or that of the Clinton reform plan. What survives is managed care without managed competition, employer mandates, or universal access. Two problems inherent in the incentive structure of managed care plans developed in the absence of comprehensive health care reform (...)
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  17.  7
    Climate Matters: Ethics in a Warming World by John Broome (Review). [REVIEW]Madison Powers - 2014 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 24 (2):1-5.
    John Broome’s Climate Matters is a timely, elegant, and accessible book. His book is deliberately interdisciplinary, as is much of his work in moral philosophy more generally. The discussion of what should be done, and by whom, to prevent the adverse effects of climate change is informed by many years of philosophical engagement with economic theory, especially problems arising in the conceptualization and technical implementation of cost-benefit analysis.The central arguments in the book are informed as well by a longstanding engagement (...)
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  18.  4
    Moral Theory and Capital Punishment.Madison Powers - 1988 - Philosophical Books 29 (3):162-165.
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  19.  11
    Review of Kristin Shrader-Frechette, Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health[REVIEW]Madison Powers - 2008 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (5).
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  20. Health Care as a Human Right: The Problem of Indeterminate Content.Madison Powers - 2015 - Jurisprudence 6 (1):138-143.
     
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  21.  4
    Publication-Related Risks to Privacy: Ethical Implications of Pedigree Studies.Madison Powers - forthcoming - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  22.  8
    Contractualist Impartiality and Personal Commitments.Madison Powers - 1993 - American Philosophical Quarterly 30 (1):63 - 71.
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  23.  5
    Some Reflections on Disability and Bioethics.Madison Powers - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (3):51-52.
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  24. A Select Bibliography of Moral and Political Philosophy.S. L. Hurley, Jeff Mcmahan & Madison Powers - 1987 - Oxford University Press.
     
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  25. Aids And Advance Directives: Clinical, Legal And Ethical Perspectives In Japan, Germany And The United States.Madison Powers, Carmen Kaminsky & Motoko Hayashi - 1996 - Jahrbuch für Recht Und Ethik 4.
    Persons infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus often experience intermittent life-threatening infections, a progressive decrease in cognitive abilities, and a loss of capacity to communicate their wishes to their family and medical care providers. Accordingly, AIDS patients are among those most likely to benefit from the increased availability of legally recognized forms of advance care planning. Although the three countries examined in this article differ greatly in the prevalence of HIV infection, the legal status of advance directives, and in the (...)
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  26. Contemporary Defenses of the Doctrine of Double Effect.Madison Powers - 1995 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 49 (193):341-356.
     
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