Results for 'Madison R. Olson'

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  1.  12
    Toni Morrison and political theory.Alex Zamalin, Joseph R. Winters, Alix Olson & Wairimu Njoya - 2020 - Contemporary Political Theory 19 (4):704-729.
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  2.  51
    Unsupervised Decoding of Long-Term, Naturalistic Human Neural Recordings with Automated Video and Audio Annotations.Nancy X. R. Wang, Jared D. Olson, Jeffrey G. Ojemann, Rajesh P. N. Rao & Bingni W. Brunton - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  3.  39
    An Ethics Consult Team in Geriatric Long-Term Care.Eileen R. Chichin & Ellen Olson - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (2):178.
    The increasing incidence of ethical dilemmas in long-term care settings, in concert with recommendations from the President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research, has prompted long-term care institutions to develop mechanisms to address these concerns. Some facilities have chosen to set up an ethics committee, although estimates obtained in the past few years indicate that only between 2 and 27% of institutional long-term care settings have such committees. Ethics committees are responsible for (...)
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  4.  56
    Structural Injustice: Power, Advantage, and Human Rights.Madison Powers & Ruth R. Faden - 2019 - Oup Usa.
    Structural Injustice advances a theory of what structural injustice is and how it works. Powers and Faden present both a philosophically powerful, integrated theory about human rights violations and structural unfairness, alongside practical insights into how to improve them.
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  5. Critics and Criticism: Ancient and Modern.R. S. Crane, W. R. Keast, Richard Mckeon, Norman Maclean & Elder Olson - 1953 - Ethics 63 (3):218-220.
     
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  6.  90
    Inequalities in health, inequalities in health care: Four generations of discussion about justice and cost-effectiveness analysis.Madison Powers & Ruth R. Faden - 2000 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (2):109-127.
    : The focus of questions of justice in health policy has shifted during the last 20 years, beginning with questions about rights to health care, and then, by the late 1980s, turning to issues of rationing. More recently, attention has focused on alternatives to cost-effectiveness analysis. In addition, health inequalities, and not just inequalities in access to health care, have become the subject of moral analysis. This article examines how such trends have transformed the philosophical landscape and encouraged some in (...)
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  7.  17
    Sound mind, irrational behavior?R. Kim Guenther & Matthew H. Olson - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  8.  26
    Doing Some Good to Friends.R. Michael Olson - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Research 36:149-172.
    In this article I interpret the conversation that takes place between Socrates and Polemarchus in Book One of the Republic according to its dramatic logic by examining the rhetorical artfulness that informs Socrates’ argumentative tactics. After first examining Polemarchus’s character as obedient spiritedness, I then turn to the argument, showing that Socrates does not undermine Polemarchus’s original opinion but, rather, by making legitimate use of the analogy between justice and technē, moves him to attend to the useful knowledge implicit in (...)
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  9. Spatial cognition.Carol L. Colby & Carl R. Olson - 1999 - In M. J. Zigmond & F. E. Bloom (eds.), Fundamental Neuroscience. pp. 1363--1383.
  10.  29
    Language and thought: Aspects of a cognitive theory of semantics.David R. Olson - 1970 - Psychological Review 77 (4):257-273.
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  11.  91
    Foundations of cooperation in young children.Kristina R. Olson & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 2008 - Cognition 108 (1):222-231.
  12.  8
    Minds in the Making: Essays in Honour of David R. Olson.David R. Olson & Janet W. Astington - 2000 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Written by some of the world's leading academics and professionals in the field, this collection of essays brings together two complementary views on child development - the role of society and the role of cognitive growth.
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  13. Children Apply Principles of Physical Ownership to Ideas.Alex Shaw, Vivian Li & Kristina R. Olson - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (8):1383-1403.
    Adults apply ownership not only to objects but also to ideas. But do people come to apply principles of ownership to ideas because of being taught about intellectual property and copyrights? Here, we investigate whether children apply rules from physical property ownership to ideas. Studies 1a and 1b show that children (6–8 years old) determine ownership of both objects and ideas based on who first establishes possession of the object or idea. Study 2 shows that children use another principle of (...)
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  14. Ideas versus labor: What do children value in artistic creation?Vivian Li, Alex Shaw & Kristina R. Olson - 2013 - Cognition 127 (1):38-45.
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  15.  22
    All inequality is not equal: children correct inequalities using resource value.Alex Shaw & Kristina R. Olson - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  16. Hunger in Canada.D. Raphael, R. Wilkins, O. Adams, A. Brancker, K. Alaimo, C. M. Olson, E. A. Frongillo, R. R. Briefel, M. Nelson & K. Siefert - 1994 - Agriculture and Human Values 11 (4).
     
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  17. Judgments of the Lucky Across Development and Culture.Kristina R. Olson & Elizabeth S. Spelke - unknown
    For millennia, human beings have believed that it is morally wrong to judge others by the fortuitous or unfortunate events that befall them or by the actions of another person. Rather, an individual’s own intended, deliberate actions should be the basis of his or her evaluation, reward, and punishment. In a series of studies, the authors investigated whether such rules guide the judgments of children. The first 3 studies demonstrated that children view lucky others as more likely than unlucky others (...)
     
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  18.  23
    Towards a psychology of literacy: on the relations between speech and writing.D. R. Olson - 1996 - Cognition 60 (1):83-104.
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  19.  17
    The Mind on Paper: Reading, Consciousness and Rationality.David R. Olson - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    Although the importance of literacy is widely acknowledged in society and remains at the top of the political agenda, writing has been slow to establish a place in the cognitive sciences. Olson argues that to understand the cognitive implications of literacy, it is necessary to see reading and writing as providing access to and consciousness of aspects of language, such as phonemes, words and sentences, that are implicit and unconscious in speech. Reading and writing create a system of metarepresentational (...)
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  20.  19
    Domesticating Deathcare: The Women of the U.S. Natural Deathcare Movement.Philip R. Olson - 2018 - Journal of Medical Humanities 39 (2):195-215.
    This article examines the women-led natural deathcare movment in the early 21st century U.S., focusing upon the movement’s non-coincidental epistemological and gender-political similarities to the natural childbirth movement. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach and drawing upon the author’s intensive interviews with pioneers and leaders of the U.S. natural deathcare movement, as well as from the author’s own participation in the movement, this article argues that the political similarities between the countercultural natural childbirth and natural deathcare movements reveal a common cultural provocation—one (...)
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  21.  90
    Putting knowledge in its place: virtue, value, and the internalism/externalism debate.Philip R. Olson - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 159 (2):241-261.
    Traditionally, the debate between epistemological internalists and externalists has centered on the value of knowledge and its justification. A value pluralist, virtue-theoretic approach to epistemology allows us to accept what I shall call the insight of externalism while still acknowledging the importance of internalists’ insistence on the value of reflection. Intellectual virtue can function as the unifying consideration in a study of a host of epistemic values, including understanding, wisdom, and what I call articulate reflection. Each of these epistemic values (...)
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  22.  47
    Flush and bone: Funeralizing alkaline hydrolysis in the United States.Philip R. Olson - 2014 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 39 (5):666-693.
    This article examines the political controversy in the United States surrounding a new process for the disposition of human remains, alkaline hydrolysis. AH technologies use a heated solution of water and strong alkali to dissolve tissues, yielding an effluent that can be disposed through municipal sewer systems, and brittle bone matter that can be dried, crushed, and returned to the decedent’s family. Though AH is legal in eight US states, opposition to the technology remains strong. Opponents express concerns about public (...)
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  23.  36
    The role of concepts in perception and inference.David R. Olson & Janet Wilde Astington - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):65-66.
  24.  23
    What writing is.David R. Olson - 2001 - Pragmatics and Cognition 9 (2):239-258.
    Writing bears an uncertain relation to speech. Either it is treated as a largely autonomous medium of communication or it is treated as a simple adjunct, cipher, image or record of speech. This paper offers a compromise arguing that writing exploits a special and distinctive property of speech, namely, that of quotation. Quotation suspends the contextual, deictic, and illocutionary features of ordinary speech to create a quasi-autonomous linguistic form to which normal referential and intentional features of speech no longer apply. (...)
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  25.  9
    What writing is.David R. Olson - 2001 - Pragmatics and Cognition 9 (2):239-258.
    Writing bears an uncertain relation to speech. Either it is treated as a largely autonomous medium of communication or it is treated as a simple adjunct, cipher, image or record of speech. This paper offers a compromise arguing that writing exploits a special and distinctive property of speech, namely, that of quotation. Quotation suspends the contextual, deictic, and illocutionary features of ordinary speech to create a quasi-autonomous linguistic form to which normal referential and intentional features of speech no longer apply. (...)
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  26.  10
    Breaking the Boundaries Collective – A Manifesto for Relationship-based Practice.D. Darley, P. Blundell, L. Cherry, J. O. Wong, A. M. Wilson, S. Vaughan, K. Vandenberghe, B. Taylor, K. Scott, T. Ridgeway, S. Parker, S. Olson, L. Oakley, A. Newman, E. Murray, D. G. Hughes, N. Hasan, J. Harrison, M. Hall, L. Guido-Bayliss, R. Edah, G. Eichsteller, L. Dougan, B. Burke, S. Boucher, A. Maestri-Banks & Members of the Breaking the Boundaries Collective - 2024 - Ethics and Social Welfare 18 (1):94-106.
    This paper argues that professionals who make boundary-related decisions should be guided by relationship-based practice. In our roles as service users and professionals, drawing from our lived experiences of professional relationships, we argue we need to move away from distance-based practice. This includes understanding the boundary stories and narratives that exist for all of us – including the people we support, other professionals, as well as the organisations and systems within which we work. When we are dealing with professional boundary (...)
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  27.  73
    Aristotle on God: Divine Nous as Unmoved Mover.R. Michael Olson - 2013 - In Jeanine Diller & Asa Kasher (eds.), Models of God and Alternative Ultimate Realities. Springer. pp. 101--109.
  28.  26
    Literacy and the languages of rationality.David R. Olson - 2013 - Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (3):431-447.
    Literacy, specifically the use of writing for rational purposes, adds a new dimension to the traditional problem of the relation between language, thought and rationality. Central to rational thought are the logical relations expressed by such terms as “is”, “or”, “and” and “not”. Whereas some see these concepts as fundamental and innate, it is here argued that such terms exhibit a diverse range of uses in speech and thought but through literacy and education they become explicit objects of thought and (...)
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  29.  18
    Literacy and the languages of rationality.David R. Olson - 2013 - Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (3):431-447.
    Literacy, specifically the use of writing for rational purposes, adds a new dimension to the traditional problem of the relation between language, thought and rationality. Central to rational thought are the logical relations expressed by such terms as “is”, “or”, “and” and “not”. Whereas some see these concepts as fundamental and innate, it is here argued that such terms exhibit a diverse range of uses in speech and thought but through literacy and education they become explicit objects of thought and (...)
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  30.  31
    Writing, the Discovery of Language, and the Discovery of Mind.David R. Olson - 2013 - Dialogue and Universalism 23 (1):9-14.
    In the 1960s claims were made about the role of literacy in restructuring the mind. While those claims were frequently criticized, this paper revives the claim by showing that reading and writing require a new consciousness of properties of language, properties relevant to a distinctive modes of literate thought.
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  31.  94
    Self-Ascription of Intention: Responsibility, Obligation and Self-Control.David R. Olson - 2007 - Synthese 159 (2):297 - 314.
    In the late preschool years children acquire a "theory of mind", the ability to ascribe intentional states, including beliefs, desires and intentions, to themselves and others. In this paper I trace how children's ability to ascribe intentions is derived from parental attempts to hold them responsible for their talk and action, that is, the attempt to have their behavior meet a normative standard or rule. Self-control is children's developing ability to take on or accept responsibility, that is, the ability to (...)
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  32.  7
    Promoting Graduate Student Mental Health During COVID-19: Acceptability, Feasibility, and Perceived Utility of an Online Single-Session Intervention.Akash R. Wasil, Madison E. Taylor, Rose E. Franzen, Joshua S. Steinberg & Robert J. DeRubeis - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The COVID-19 outbreak has simultaneously increased the need for mental health services and decreased their availability. Brief online self-help interventions that can be completed in a single session could be especially helpful in improving access to care during the crisis. However, little is known about the uptake, acceptability, and perceived utility of these interventions outside of clinical trials in which participants are compensated. Here, we describe the development, deployment, acceptability ratings, and pre–post effects of a single-session intervention, the Common Elements (...)
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  33.  30
    Theory of mind in young human primates: Does Heyes's task measure it?Deepthi Kamawar & David R. Olson - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):122-123.
    Three- to six-year-olds were given Heyes's proposed task and theory of mind tasks. Although they correlated, Heyes's was harder; only 50% of participants with a theory of mind reached a criterion of 75% correct. Because of the complex series of inferences involved in Heyes's task, it is possible that one could have a theory of mind and fail Heyes's version.
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  34.  62
    Knowing “Necro-Waste”.Philip R. Olson - 2016 - Social Epistemology 30 (3):326-345.
    Adopting a waste-directed study of the dead human body, and various practices of body preparation and body disposition in funerary contexts, I argue that necro-waste is a ubiquitous but largely unknown presence. To know necro-waste is to examine the ways in which the dead human body is embedded in particular personal, social, historical, political, and environmental contexts. This study focuses on funerary practices in the US and Canada, where embalming has been routinely practiced. Viewing dead human bodies as materials processed (...)
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  35.  50
    The J. H. B. Bookshelf.Michael Fortun, Mark Madison, Edmund Russell, Freddrick R. Davis, Ann F. La Berge & Sally G. Kohlstedt - 1998 - Journal of the History of Biology 31 (1):143-154.
  36. Children's acquisition of metalinguistic and metacognitive verbs.David R. Olson & Janet W. Astington - 1986 - In William Demopoulos (ed.), Language Learning and Concept Acquisition. Ablex. pp. 184--199.
     
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  37.  11
    Remodeling muscles with calcineurin.Eric N. Olson & R. Sanders Williams - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (6):510-519.
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  38.  24
    The written representation of negation.David R. Olson - 1997 - Pragmatics and Cognition 5 (2):235-252.
    While negatives are fundamental to the functioning of human languages and while they are acquired extremely early by children, there is some evidence that an aware-ness of the logical and representational functions of negation is late to develop and may depend in part on the invention of notational means for representing it. This hypothesis is explored by reference to the presence or absence of notations for negation in the world's writing systems, the acquisition of notational devices for representing negation by (...)
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  39. Performance of seed-caching corvids during color nonmatching.A. C. Kamil, D. J. Olson & R. P. Balda - 1992 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (6):486-486.
     
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  40.  33
    A pragmatist philosophy of democracy (review).Philip R. Olson - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (4):pp. 631-633.
    In this, his second book, Robert Talisse “attempts to make explicit the pragmatist roots and motivations of the concept of democracy” developed in his 2005 book, Democracy after Liberalism: Pragmatism and Deliberative Politics . Inspired by the work of the classical American pragmatist, Charles Sanders Peirce, Talisse defends a substantive, epistemic conception of democracy, which he calls “epistemic perfectionism.” Pragmatists, political philosophers, and social epistemologists alike will discover in this book a provocative synthesis of their respective inquiries, which Talisse wields (...)
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  41.  17
    A structuralist view of explanation: a critique of Brainerd.David R. Olson - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (2):197-199.
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  42.  26
    Cultural learning and educational process.David R. Olson & Janet Wilde Astington - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):531-532.
    Tomasello, Kruger & Ratner relate the evolution of social cognition – the understanding of others' minds – to the evolution of culture. Tomasello et al. conceive of the accumulation of culture as the product of cultural learning, a kind of learning dependent upon recognizing others' intentionality. They distinguish three levels of this recognition: of intention (what isxtrying to do), of beliefs (what doesxthink aboutp), and of beliefs about beliefs (what doesxthinkythinks aboutp). They then tie these levels to three discrete forms (...)
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  43.  67
    Doing Some Good to Friends.R. Michael Olson - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Research 36:149-172.
    In this article I interpret the conversation that takes place between Socrates and Polemarchus in Book One of the Republic according to its dramatic logic by examining the rhetorical artfulness that informs Socrates’ argumentative tactics. After first examining Polemarchus’s character as obedient spiritedness, I then turn to the argument, showing that Socrates does not undermine Polemarchus’s original opinion but, rather, by making legitimate use of the analogy between justice and technē, moves him to attend to the useful knowledge implicit in (...)
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  44.  15
    Doing Some Good to Friends.R. Michael Olson - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Research 36:149-172.
    In this article I interpret the conversation that takes place between Socrates and Polemarchus in Book One of the Republic according to its dramatic logic by examining the rhetorical artfulness that informs Socrates’ argumentative tactics. After first examining Polemarchus’s character as obedient spiritedness, I then turn to the argument, showing that Socrates does not undermine Polemarchus’s original opinion but, rather, by making legitimate use of the analogy between justice and technē, moves him to attend to the useful knowledge implicit in (...)
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  45.  55
    Inquiry and education: John Dewey and the Quest for democracy (review).Philip R. Olson - 2008 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 22 (3):pp. 227-229.
  46.  20
    In what sense does intelligence underlie an intelligent performance?David R. Olson - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (2):296-297.
  47.  21
    Literacy, Language and Learning.David R. Olson, Nancy Torrance & Angela Hildyard - 1986 - British Journal of Educational Studies 34 (2):207-208.
  48.  7
    Making Sense: What It Means to Understand.David R. Olson - 2022 - Cambridge University Press.
    Understanding, as Descartes, Locke and Kant all insisted, is the primary 'faculty' of the mind; yet our modern sciences have been slow to advance a clear and testable account of what it means to understand, of children's acquisition of this concept and, in particular, how children come to ascribe understanding to themselves and others. By drawing together developmental and philosophical theories, this book provides a systematic account of children's concept of understanding and places understanding at the heart of children's 'theory (...)
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  49.  19
    ‘Newly Amended and Much Enlarged’: Claims of Novelty and Enlargement on the Title Pages of Reprints in the Early Modern English Book Trade.Jonathan R. Olson - 2016 - History of European Ideas 42 (5):618-628.
    ABSTRACTNovelty held a special attraction for book buyers in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, but new texts carried more risk for the publisher than titles already proven to be good sellers. Canny bookseller-publishers therefore adopted a publishing strategy that would benefit from the commercial safety of proven sellers while simultaneously exploiting the cachet of the ‘new’. They could maximise the sales potential of a book by reprinting an already market-tested text but repackaging it with new and improved ingredients, often provided (...)
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  50.  22
    Real Apprehension in Newman’s An Essay in Aid of a Grammar of Assent.R. Michael Olson - 2005 - International Philosophical Quarterly 45 (4):499-516.
    In An Essay in Aid of a Grammar of Assent, John Henry Newman articulates his fundamental philosophical orientation by giving priority to real apprehension over notional apprehension. He distinguishes between the two by saying that notional apprehension hasto do with things internal to the mind and admits of exactness and clarity whereas real apprehension has to do with things external to the mind and does not admit of the same degree of clarity and exactness. I argue that the connection between (...)
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