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Magali Bessone
University of Rennes 1
  1.  27
    Colonial Slave Trade and Slavery and Structural Racial Injustice in France: Using Iris Young’s Social Connection Model of Responsibility.Magali Bessone - 2019 - Critical Horizons 20 (2):161-177.
    ABSTRACTThe incorrect conceptualization and evaluation of reparations for colonial slave trade and slavery within the legal, as opposed to the political, domain, produces an interpretation of the demands in France that views them as morally absurd and politically deleterious. I’ll use Iris Marion Young’s distinction between a liability model and a social connection model of responsibility to suggest that the moral claim according to which we can be held responsible today for redressing the structural injustices inherited from slave trade and (...)
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  2.  50
    Will the Real Tolerant Racist Please Stand Up?Magali Bessone - 2013 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (3):209-223.
    One of the most perplexing paradoxes of toleration concerns the ‘tolerant racist’. According to most current definitions of toleration, a person is considered tolerant if, and only if, 1) he refrains from interfering with something 2) he deeply disapproves of, 3) in spite of having the power to interfere. Hence, a racist who refrains from discriminating against members of races he considers inferior despite having the power to do so, should be considered a tolerant person. Moreover, a person can apparently (...)
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  3.  75
    Sans Distinction de Race?: Une Analyse Critique du Concept de Race Et de Ses Effets Pratiques.Magali Bessone - 2013 - Vrin.
    English summary: The concept of race has historically been employed to justify multiple forms of injustice: exploitation, oppression, even annihilation of entire human populations. In order to fight racism, it may seem logical to want to permanently eliminate the concept that forms its basis. This volume, however, argues against elimination and instead aims to reduce racial inequality by requiring an analytical and critical use of the concept of race. Socially constructed racial categories today are hidden in many legal and administrative (...)
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  4.  24
    Racism and Epistemologies of Ignorance: Framing the French Case.Magali Bessone - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 23 (5):815-829.
    The paper aims to apply the epistemologies of ignorance framework to racial issues outside the Anglo-American world, the region where it is has been developed and which has been its almost exclusive focus. Centering on the French context, which is often considered as a unique or particularly acute example of the tension between a republican intellectual tradition of colorblindness, and a lived reality of racial discrimination, the paper identifies two renewed and opposed anti-racist positions in France: a publicly dominant, republican (...)
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  5. From Reparations for Slavery to International Racial Justice: A Critical Republican Perspective.Magali Bessone - 2016 - Global Justice : Theory Practice Rhetoric 9 (2).
    This paper focuses on demands for reparations for colonial slavery and their public reception in France. It argues that this bottom-up, context-sensitive approach to theorising reparations enables us to formulate a critical republican theory of international racial justice. It contrasts the critical republican perspective on reparations with a nation-state centred approach in which reparations activists are accused of threatening the French republic’s sense of homogeneity and unity, thus undermining the national narrative on the French identity. It also rejects the liberal (...)
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  6.  29
    How Groups Matter: Challenges of Toleration in Pluralistic Societies.Magali Bessone, Gideon Calder & Federico Zuolo - 2014 - Routledge.
    When groups feature in political philosophy, it is usually in one of three contexts: the redressing of past or current injustices suffered by ethnic or cultural minorities; the nature and scope of group rights; and questions around how institutions are supposed to treat a certain specific identity/cultural/ethnic group. What is missing from these debates is a comprehensive analysis of groups as both agents and objects of social policies. While this has been subject to much scrutiny by sociologists and social psychologists, (...)
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  7.  44
    Beyond Liberal Multicultural Toleration: A Critical Approach to Groups' Essentialism.Magali Bessone - 2013 - European Journal of Political Theory 12 (3):271-287.
    The article will argue that, despite Will Kymlicka’s claims to the contrary, the concept of ‘multicultural toleration’ implicitly entails an essentialist concept of groups, which amounts to holding a negative ‘permission’, power-loaded conception of toleration and not a positive liberal ‘respect’ conception. This seems contradictory to the general goal of Kymlicka’s multiculturalism. This article will then argue that multicultural toleration is not a satisfactory concept, neither from a conceptual point of view (it is incoherent) nor from a practical point of (...)
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  8.  19
    Racial or Spatial Categorisations? A Focus on the French Setting.Magali Bessone - 2013 - Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 60 (137):48-67.
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  9.  18
    Le vocabulaire de l’hospitalité est-il républicain?Magali Bessone - 2015 - Éthique Publique 17 (1).
    Le vocabulaire de l’hospitalité est massivement employé dans la « philosophie publique » française républicaine pour penser les questions d’immigration, au point qu’on a pu considérer qu’il s’est constitué en « nouveau paradigme » au cours des années 1990. Or si le phénomène de l’immigration est distinctement sociopolitique, le concept d’hospitalité relève plutôt d’une théorie éthique et son statut dans les discours est celui d’une métaphore. L’hypothèse explorée dans l’article est que son usage est un symptôme de la conversion, systématiquement (...)
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  10.  7
    Introduction : La Démocratie Entre Substance Et Procédure.Magali Bessone & Didier Mineur - 2019 - Philosophiques 46 (1):3.
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  11.  12
    Emmanuel Renault, L’expérience de l’injustice. Reconnaissance et clinique de l’injustice, Paris, La Découverte (Armillaire), 2004, 412 p., 26,50 euros. [REVIEW]Magali Bessone - 2006 - Astérion 4.
    L’ouvrage d’Emmanuel Renault s’inscrit dans un débat passionné et fécond, inauguré en 1971 par la parution aux États-Unis de la Théorie de la justice de John Rawls, sur la nature de la justice et le sens que peut bien revêtir dans nos sociétés contemporaines l’exigence de mener une vie juste. Dans ce débat, Renault fait entendre une voix qui puise son originalité et la pertinence de son questionnement dans sa radicalité. Il remet en cause notamment l’approche libérale contractualiste de Rawls..
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  12.  3
    Réponse aux Commentaires de la « Disputatio ».Magali Bessone - 2013 - Philosophiques 40 (2):487.
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