Results for 'Maija Set��l��'

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  1.  13
    Maija Kallinen, Change and Stability: Natural Philosophy at the Academy of Turku, 1640–1713. Helsinki: Finnish Historical Society, 1995. Pp. 439. ISBN 951-710-001-6. No Price Given. [REVIEW]L. W. B. Brockliss - 1996 - British Journal for the History of Science 29 (2):233-234.
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  2. V = L and Intuitive Plausibility in Set Theory. A Case Study.Tatiana Arrigoni - 2011 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 17 (3):337-360.
    What counts as an intuitively plausible set theoretic content (notion, axiom or theorem) has been a matter of much debate in contemporary philosophy of mathematics. In this paper I develop a critical appraisal of the issue. I analyze first R. B. Jensen's positions on the epistemic status of the axiom of constructibility. I then formulate and discuss a view of intuitiveness in set theory that assumes it to hinge basically on mathematical success. At the same time, I present accounts of (...)
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  3.  38
    Inaccessible Set Axioms May Have Little Consistency Strength.L. Crosilla & M. Rathjen - 2002 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 115 (1-3):33-70.
    The paper investigates inaccessible set axioms and their consistency strength in constructive set theory. In ZFC inaccessible sets are of the form Vκ where κ is a strongly inaccessible cardinal and Vκ denotes the κth level of the von Neumann hierarchy. Inaccessible sets figure prominently in category theory as Grothendieck universes and are related to universes in type theory. The objective of this paper is to show that the consistency strength of inaccessible set axioms heavily depend on the context in (...)
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  4.  55
    Downsizing and Ethics of Personnel Dismissals — the Case of Finnish Managers.Anna-Maija Lämsä & Tuomo Takala - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 23 (4):389 - 399.
    The purpose of our article is to present a qualitative empirical study from the ethical viewpoint. It aims at the theoretical conceptualization concerning the managers' decision-making of personnel dismissals in downsizing organizations. First we present and seek to motivate our research task. The importance of real business ethical issues as a starting point of business ethics research is emphasized. Second the main normative ethical theories and ethical decision-making models are presented. These form the loose framework for describing and interpreting research (...)
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  5.  27
    Review: L. A. Zadeh, Fuzzy Sets; L. A. Zadeh, Similarity Relations and Fuzzy Orderings. [REVIEW]J. A. Goguen - 1973 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (4):656-657.
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  6.  8
    Set Theory: Boolean-Valued Models and Independence Proofs.John L. Bell - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    This third edition, now available in paperback, is a follow up to the author's classic Boolean-Valued Models and Independence Proofs in Set Theory. It provides an exposition of some of the most important results in set theory obtained in the 20th century: the independence of the continuum hypothesis and the axiom of choice.
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  7.  16
    Non-Well-Founded Sets.J. L. Bell - 1989 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (3):1111-1112.
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  8.  15
    Descriptive Set Theory in L {\ Omega L\ Omega}.Robert Vaught - 1973 - In A. R. D. Mathias & H. Rogers (eds.), Cambridge Summer School in Mathematical Logic. New York: Springer Verlag. pp. 574--598.
  9. Types, Sets and Categories.John L. Bell - unknown
    This essay is an attempt to sketch the evolution of type theory from its beginnings early in the last century to the present day. Central to the development of the type concept has been its close relationship with set theory to begin with and later its even more intimate relationship with category theory. Since it is effectively impossible to describe these relationships (especially in regard to the latter) with any pretensions to completeness within the space of a comparatively short article, (...)
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  10.  27
    Discovering Psychological Principles by Mining Naturally Occurring Data Sets.Robert L. Goldstone & Gary Lupyan - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (3):548-568.
    The very expertise with which psychologists wield their tools for achieving laboratory control may have had the unwelcome effect of blinding psychologists to the possibilities of discovering principles of behavior without conducting experiments. When creatively interrogated, a diverse range of large, real-world data sets provides powerful diagnostic tools for revealing principles of human judgment, perception, categorization, decision-making, language use, inference, problem solving, and representation. Examples of these data sets include patterns of website links, dictionaries, logs of group interactions, collections of (...)
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  11.  81
    A Response to the Critique of Rational Choice Theory: Lakatos' and Laudan's Conceptions Applied.Kaisa Herne & Maija Setälä - 2004 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 47 (1):67 – 85.
    This paper analyzes the main features of rational choice theory and evaluates it with respect to the conceptions of Lakatos' research program and Laudan's research tradition. The analysis reveals that the thin rationality assumption, the axiomatic method and the reduction to the micro level are the only features shared by all rational choice models. On these grounds, it is argued that rational choice theory cannot be characterized as a research program. This is due to the fact that the thin rationality (...)
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  12.  27
    Core Information Sets for Informed Consent to Surgical Interventions: Baseline Information of Importance to Patients and Clinicians.Barry G. Main, Angus G. K. McNair, Richard Huxtable, Jenny L. Donovan, Steven J. Thomas, Paul Kinnersley & Jane M. Blazeby - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):29.
    Consent remains a crucial, yet challenging, cornerstone of clinical practice. The ethical, legal and professional understandings of this construct have evolved away from a doctor-centred act to a patient-centred process that encompasses the patient’s values, beliefs and goals. This alignment of consent with the philosophy of shared decision-making was affirmed in a recent high-profile Supreme Court ruling in England. The communication of information is central to this model of health care delivery but it can be difficult for doctors to gauge (...)
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  13.  63
    Operational Set Theory and Small Large Cardinals.Solomon Feferman with with R. L. Vaught - manuscript
    “Small” large cardinal notions in the language of ZFC are those large cardinal notions that are consistent with V = L. Besides their original formulation in classical set theory, we have a variety of analogue notions in systems of admissible set theory, admissible recursion theory, constructive set theory, constructive type theory, explicit mathematics and recursive ordinal notations (as used in proof theory). On the face of it, it is surprising that such distinctively set-theoretical notions have analogues in such disaparate and (...)
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  14. Uhlfelder, M. L., De Proprietate Sermonum Vel Rerum: A Study and Critical Edition of a Set of Verbal Distinctions.L. W. Jones - 1955 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 49:195.
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  15. Uhlfelder, M. L., De Proprietate Sermonum Vel Rerum: A Study and Critical Edition of a Set of Verbal Distinctions.L. W. Jones - 1955 - Classical Weekly 49:195.
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  16. Paradoxical Partners: Semantical Brides and Set-Theoretical Grooms.L. Goldstein - 2013 - Analysis 73 (1):33-37.
    Is there a key for ‘translating' some set-theoretical paradoxes into counterpart semantical paradoxes and vice-versa? There is, and this encourages the hope of a unified solution. The solution turns not on inventing new axioms that do not entail contradiction, but on imposing a completely intuitive restriction on the comprehension axiom of naive set theory in order to avoid illegitimate (circular) stipulation.
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  17.  12
    Descriptive Set Theory in L Ω 1 Ω.Robert Vaught, A. R. D. Mathias & H. Rogers - 1982 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (1):217-218.
  18.  9
    Strong Cardinals and Sets of Reals in Lω1.Ralf-Dieter Schindler - 1999 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 45 (3):361-369.
    We generalize results of [3] and [1] to hyperprojective sets of reals, viz. to more than finitely many strong cardinals being involved. We show, for example, that if every set of reals in Lω is weakly homogeneously Souslin, then there is an inner model with an inaccessible limit of strong cardinals.
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  19. Sets and Classes as Many.John L. Bell - 2000 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 29 (6):585-601.
    In this paper the view is developed that classes should not be understood as individuals, but, rather, as "classes as many" of individuals. To correlate classes with individuals "labelling" and "colabelling" functions are introduced and sets identified with a certain subdomain of the classes on which the labelling and colabelling functions are mutually inverse. A minimal axiomatization of the resulting system is formulated and some of its extensions are related to various systems of set theory, including nonwellfounded set theories.
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  20.  14
    Asymmetric Perceptions of Ethical Frameworks of Men and Women in Business and Nonbusiness Settings.Marshall Schminke & Maureen L. Ambrose - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (7):719-729.
    This paper examines the relationship between individuals' gender and their ethical decision models. The study seeks to identify asymmetries in men's and women's approaches to ethical decision making and differences in their perceptions of how same-sex and other-sex managers would likely act in business and nonbusiness situations that present an ethical dilemma. Results indicate that the models employed by men and women differ in both business and nonbusiness settings, that both sexes report changing models when leaving business settings, and that (...)
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  21.  56
    Finite Sets and Frege Structures.John L. Bell - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (4):1552-1556.
    Call a family F of subsets of a set E inductive if ∅ ∈ F and F is closed under unions with disjoint singletons, that is, if ∀X∈F ∀x∈E–X(X ∪ {x} ∈ F]. A Frege structure is a pair (E.
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  22.  59
    Adding a Closed Unbounded Set.J. E. Baumgartner, L. A. Harrington & E. M. Kleinberg - 1976 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 41 (2):481-482.
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  23.  13
    A Fuzzy-Set-Theoretic Approach to the Compositionality of Meaning: Propositions, Dispositions and Canonical Forms.L. A. Zadeh - 1983 - Journal of Semantics 2 (3-4):253-272.
    In its traditional interpretation, Frege's principle of compositionality is not sufficiently flexible to have a wide applicability to natural languages. In a fuzzy-set-theoretic setting which is outlined in this paper, Frege's principle is modified and broadened by allowing the meaning of a proposition, p, to be composed not from the meaning of the constituents of p, but, more generally, from the meaning of a collection of fuzzy relations which form a so-called explanatory database that is associated with p. More specifically, (...)
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  24.  92
    Categories, Toposes and Sets.J. L. Bell - 1982 - Synthese 51 (3):293 - 337.
    This paper is an introduction to topos theory which assumes no prior knowledge of category theory. It includes a discussion of internal logic in a topos, A characterization of the category of sets, And an investigation of the notions of topology and sheaf in a topos.
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  25.  10
    Stable Value Sets, Psychological Well-Being, and the Disability Paradox: Ramifications for Assessing Decision Making Capacity.L. Syd M. Johnson - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 4 (4):24-25.
    The phenomenon whereby severely disabled persons self-report a higher than expected level of subjective well-being is called the “disability paradox.” One explanation for the paradox among brain injury survivors is “response shift,” an adjustment of one’s values, expectations, and perspective in the aftermath of a life-altering, disabling injury. The high level of subjective well-being appears paradoxical when viewed from the perspective of the non-disabled, who presume that those with severe disabilities experience a quality of life so poor that it might (...)
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  26.  18
    Toposes and Local Set Theories. An Introduction.J. L. Bell - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (2):886-887.
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  27.  17
    An Introduction to Fusion of Strongly Minimal Sets: The Geometry of Fusions. [REVIEW]Kitty L. Holland - 1995 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 34 (6):395-413.
  28.  26
    Priority Setting in Cardiac Surgery: A Survey of Decision Making and Ethical Issues.L. Ridderstolpe - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (6):353-358.
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine priority setting for coronary artery bypass surgery, and to provide an overview of decisions and rationales used in clinical practice.Method: Questionnaires were sent to all permanently employed cardiologists, cardiothoracic surgeons, and anaesthesiologists at nine Swedish hospitals performing adult cardiothoracic surgery.Results: A total of 208 physicians responded . There was considerable agreement concerning the criteria that should be used to set priorities for coronary artery bypass interventions . However, there was a lack (...)
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  29.  29
    John L. BELL. Set Theory: Boolean-Valued Models and Independence Proofs. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2005. Oxford Logic Guides, No. 47. Pp. XXII + 191. ISBN 0-19-856852-5, 987-0-19-856852-0 (Pbk). [REVIEW]Patricia Marino - 2006 - Philosophia Mathematica 14 (3):392-394.
    This is the third edition of a book originally published in the 1970s; it provides a systematic and nicely organized presentation of the elegant method of using Boolean-valued models to prove independence results. Four things are new in the third edition: background material on Heyting algebras, a chapter on ‘Boolean-valued analysis’, one on using Heyting algebras to understand intuitionistic set theory, and an appendix explaining how Boolean and Heyting algebras look from the perspective of category theory. The book presents results (...)
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  30.  37
    Setting Up a Student Clinical Ethics Committee.C. Johnston, C. Williams, C. Dias, A. Lapraik, L. Marvdashti & C. Norcross - 2012 - Clinical Ethics 7 (2):51-53.
  31.  2
    Discovering Psychological Principles by Mining Naturally Occurring Data Sets.Robert L. Goldstone & Gary Lupyan - 2016 - Cognitive Science.
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  32.  67
    Model Completeness of the New Strongly Minimal Sets.Kitty L. Holland - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (3):946-962.
  33.  9
    Impact of Moral Case Deliberation in Healthcare Settings: A Literature Review.Maaike M. Haan, Jelle L. P. van Gurp, Simone M. Naber & A. Stef Groenewoud - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):85.
    An important and supposedly impactful form of clinical ethics support is moral case deliberation. Empirical evidence, however, is limited with regard to its actual impact. With this literature review, we aim to investigate the empirical evidence of MCD, thereby a) informing the practice, and b) providing a focus for further research on and development of MCD in healthcare settings. A systematic literature search was conducted in the electronic databases PubMed, CINAHL and Web of Science. Both the data collection and the (...)
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  34. Accessible Sets and (Lω1ω)T-Equivalence for T3 Spaces.Juan Carlos Martínez - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):961 - 967.
  35.  34
    Can Businesses Effectively Regulate Employee Conduct?: The Antecedents of Rule Adherence in Work Settings.Tom R. Tyler & Steven L. Blader - forthcoming - Ethics.
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  36.  38
    Almost Disjoint Sets and Martin's Axiom.Michael L. Wage - 1979 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 44 (3):313-318.
    We present a number of results involving almost disjoint sets and Martin's axiom. Included is an example, due to K. Kunen, of a c.c.c. partial order without property K whose product with every c.c.c. partial order is c.c.c.
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  37.  29
    The Cardinality of the Set of Dedekind Finite Cardinals in Fraenkel-Mostowski Models.Arthur L. Rubin & Jean E. Rubin - 1974 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 20 (31-33):517-528.
  38.  11
    Embeddings of Countable Closed Sets and Reverse Mathematics.Jeffry L. Hirst - 1993 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 32 (6):443-449.
    If there is a homeomorphic embedding of one set into another, the sets are said to be topologically comparable. Friedman and Hirst have shown that the topological comparability of countable closed subsets of the reals is equivalent to the subsystem of second order arithmetic denoted byATR 0. Here, this result is extended to countable closed locally compact subsets of arbitrary complete separable metric spaces. The extension uses an analogue of the one point compactification of ℝ.
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  39.  18
    Collaborative Partnership and the Social Value of Clinical Research: A Qualitative Secondary Analysis.Sanna-Maria Nurmi, Arja Halkoaho, Mari Kangasniemi & Anna-Maija Pietilä - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):57.
    Protecting human subjects from being exploited is one of the main ethical challenges for clinical research. However, there is also a responsibility to protect and respect the communities who are hosting the research. Recently, attention has focused on the most efficient way of carrying out clinical research, so that it benefits society by providing valuable research while simultaneously protecting and respecting the human subjects and the communities where the research is conducted. Collaboration between partners plays an important role and that (...)
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  40.  43
    Boolean-Valued Models and Independence Proofs in Set Theory.J. L. Bell & Dana Scott - 1981 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (1):165-165.
  41.  11
    A Cultural Setting Where the Other-Race Effect on Face Recognition has No Social–Motivational Component and Derives Entirely From Lifetime Perceptual Experience.Lulu Wan, Kate Crookes, Katherine J. Reynolds, Jessica L. Irons & Elinor McKone - 2015 - Cognition 144:91-115.
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  42.  94
    L. A. Zadeh. Fuzzy Sets. Information and Control, Vol. 8 , Pp. 338–353. - L. A. Zadeh. Similarity Relations and Fuzzy Orderings. Information Sciences, Vol. 3 , Pp. 177–200. [REVIEW]J. A. Goguen - 1973 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (4):656-657.
  43. Fuzzy Sets and Applications: Selected Papers by L.A. Zadeh.Zuliang Shen - 1993 - Artificial Intelligence 61 (2):351-358.
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  44.  20
    Kirby L. A. S. And Paris J. B.. Initial Segments of Models of Peano's Axioms. Set Theory and Hierarchy Theory V, Bierutowice, Poland 1976, Edited by Lachlan A., Srebrny M., and Zarach A., Lecture Notes in Mathematics, Vol. 619, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, and New York, 1977, Pp. 211–226.Paris J. B.. Some Independence Results for Peano Arithmetic. [REVIEW]Stephen G. Simpson - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (2):482-483.
  45.  8
    On Sets Not Belonging to Algebras.L. Š Grinblat - 2007 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (2):483-500.
    Let A₁,..., An, An+1 be a finite sequence of algebras of sets given on a set X, $\cup _{k=1}^{n}{\cal A}_{k}\neq \germ{P}(X)$, with more than $\frac{4}{3}n$ pairwise disjoint sets not belonging to An+1. It was shown in [4] and [5] that in this case $\cup _{k=1}^{n+1}{\cal A}_{k}\neq \germ{P}(X)$. Let us consider, instead An+1, a finite sequence of algebras An+1,..., An+l. It turns out that if for each natural i ≤ l there exist no less than $\frac{4}{3}(n+l)-\frac{l}{24}$ pairwise disjoint sets not belonging (...)
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  46.  44
    Number Estimation Relies on a Set of Segmented Objects.S. L. Franconeri, D. K. Bemis & G. A. Alvarez - 2009 - Cognition 113 (1):1-13.
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  47. L. Decock, Trading Ontology for Ideology. The Interplay of Logic, Set Theory and Semantics in Quine s Philosophy.P. Valore - 2004 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 59:850-852.
     
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  48.  55
    Tensions in Setting Health Care Priorities for South Africa's Children.W. A. Landman & L. D. Henley - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (4):268-273.
    The new South African constitution commits the government to guarantee "basic health services" for every child under 18. Primary health care for pregnant women and children under six and elements of essential primary health care have received priority. At present, there is little analysis of the moral considerations involved in making choices about more advanced or costly health care which may, arguably, also be "basic". This paper illustrates some of the tensions in setting priorities for a just macro-allocation of children's (...)
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  49.  28
    Recursively Enumerable L‐Sets.Loredana Biacino & Giangiacomo Gerla - 1987 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 33 (2):107-113.
  50.  37
    Seeking Consent to Genetic and Genomic Research in a Rural Ghanaian Setting: A Qualitative Study of the MalariaGEN Experience. [REVIEW]P. Tindana, S. Bull, L. Amenga-Etego, J. Vries, R. Aborigo, K. Koram, D. Kwiatkowski & M. Parker - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):15-15.
    Seeking consent for genetic and genomic research can be challenging, particularly in populations with low literacy levels, and in emergency situations. All of these factors were relevant to the MalariaGEN study of genetic factors influencing immune responses to malaria in northern rural Ghana. This study sought to identify issues arising in practice during the enrolment of paediatric cases with severe malaria and matched healthy controls into the MalariaGEN study.
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