Results for 'Majid Beshkar'

133 found
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  1. Animal Consciousness.Majid Beshkar - 2008 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (3):5-33.
    There are several types of behavioural evidence in favour of the notion that many animal species experience at least some simple levels of consciousness. Other than behavioural evidence, there are a number of anatomical and physiological criteria that help resolve the problem of animal consciousness, particularly when addressing the problem in lower vertebrates and invertebrates. In this paper, I review a number of such behavioural and brain- based evidence in the case of mammals, birds, and some invertebrate species. Cumulative evidence (...)
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  2. Can Language Restructure Cognition? The Case for Space.Asifa Majid, Melissa Bowerman, Sotaro Kita, Daniel B. M. Haun & Stephen C. Levinson - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (3):108-114.
  3.  8
    Odors Are Expressible in Language, as Long as You Speak the Right Language.Asifa Majid & Niclas Burenhult - 2014 - Cognition 130 (2):266-270.
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  4.  8
    Revisiting the Limits of Language: The Odor Lexicon of Maniq.Ewelina Wnuk & Asifa Majid - 2014 - Cognition 131 (1):125-138.
  5. Spatial Terms Reflect Near-Optimal Spatial Categories.Naveen Khetarpal, Asifa Majid & Terry Regier - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2396--2401.
  6.  30
    Can Nomenclature for the Body Be Explained by Embodiment Theories?Asifa Majid & Miriam Staden - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (4):570-594.
    According to widespread opinion, the meaning of body part terms is determined by salient discontinuities in the visual image; such that hands, feet, arms, and legs, are natural parts. If so, one would expect these parts to have distinct names which correspond in meaning across languages. To test this proposal, we compared three unrelated languages—Dutch, Japanese, and Indonesian—and found both naming systems and boundaries of even basic body part terms display variation across languages. Bottom-up cues alone cannot explain natural language (...)
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  7.  62
    Differential Ineffability and the Senses.Stephen C. Levinson & Asifa Majid - 2014 - Mind and Language 29 (4):407-427.
    Ineffability, the degree to which percepts or concepts resist linguistic coding, is a fairly unexplored nook of cognitive science. Although philosophical preoccupations with qualia or nonconceptual content certainly touch upon the area, there has been little systematic thought and hardly any empirical work in recent years on the subject. We argue that ineffability is an important domain for the cognitive sciences. For examining differential ineffability across the senses may be able to tell us important things about how the mind works, (...)
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  8. The Semantic Categories of Cutting and Breaking Events: A Crosslinguistic Perspective.Asifa Majid, Melissa Bowerman, Miriam van Staden & James S. Boster - 2007 - Cognitive Linguistics 18 (2).
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  9.  14
    Antecedent Frequency Effects During the Processing of Pronouns.Roger P. G. van Gompel & Asifa Majid - 2004 - Cognition 90 (3):255-264.
  10.  47
    WEIRD Languages Have Misled Us, Too.Asifa Majid & Stephen C. Levinson - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):103-103.
    The linguistic and cognitive sciences have severely underestimated the degree of linguistic diversity in the world. Part of the reason for this is that we have projected assumptions based on English and familiar languages onto the rest. We focus on some distortions this has introduced, especially in the study of semantics.
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  11.  30
    Medical Management of Infant Intersex: The Juridico‐Ethical Dilemma of Contemporary Islamic Legal Response.Sayed Sikandar Shah Haneef & Mahmood Zuhdi Haji Abd Majid - 2015 - Zygon 50 (4):809-829.
    Technological advances in the field of medicine and health sciences not only manipulate the normal human body and sex but also provide for surgical and hormonal management of hermaphroditism. Consequently, sex assignment surgery has not only become a standard care for babies born with genital abnormalities in the West but even in some Muslim states. On the positive side, it goes a long way in saving children born with abnormal genitalia from numerous legal interdictions of the pre-sex corrective surgery. Nevertheless, (...)
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  12.  16
    Current Emotion Research in the Language Sciences.Asifa Majid - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (4):432-443.
    When researchers think about the interaction between language and emotion, they typically focus on descriptive emotion words. This review demonstrates that emotion can interact with language at many levels of structure, from the sound patterns of a language to its lexicon and grammar, and beyond to how it appears in conversation and discourse. Findings are considered from diverse subfields across the language sciences, including cognitive linguistics, psycholinguistics, linguistic anthropology, and conversation analysis. Taken together, it is clear that emotional expression is (...)
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  13.  5
    The Cross-Linguistic Categorization of Everyday Events: A Study of Cutting and Breaking.Asifa Majid, James S. Boster & Melissa Bowerman - 2008 - Cognition 109 (2):235-250.
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  14.  26
    Frames of Reference and Language Concepts.Asifa Majid - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (12):503-504.
  15.  7
    Bridging the Gap: From Cognitive Anthropology to Cognitive Science.Andrea Bender, Sieghard Beller, Giovanni Bennardo, James S. Boster, Asifa Majid & Douglas L. Medin - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
  16.  15
    Cultural Factors Shape Olfactory Language.Asifa Majid - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (11):629-630.
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  17.  20
    Language Does Provide Support for Basic Tastes.Asifa Majid & Stephen C. Levinson - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (1):86-87.
    Recurrent lexicalization patterns across widely different cultural contexts can provide a window onto common conceptualizations. The cross-linguistic data support the idea that sweet, salt, sour, and bitter are basic tastes. In addition, umami and fatty are likely basic tastes, as well.
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  18.  15
    Covariation and Quantifier Polarity: What Determines Causal Attribution in Vignettes?Asifa Majid, Anthony J. Sanford & Martin J. Pickering - 2006 - Cognition 99 (1):35-51.
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  19. To Sue or Not to Sue: An Experimental Study of Factors Affecting Hong Kong Liquidators Audit Litigation Decisions. [REVIEW]Michael J. Ferguson & Abdul Majid - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 46 (4):363 - 374.
    We report an experiment examining the effect of three factors on professional Hong Kong liquidators' decisions to bring legal action in negligence against auditors. Factors were (a) the strength (merit) of the supporting evidence (arguable vs. overwhelming), (b) the type of alleged audit failure (failure to report financial statement errors vs. management fraud) and (c) audit firm type (Big 6 vs. non-Big 6). We find evidence that liquidators' litigation decisions are influenced by case merit. We also find that liquidators were (...)
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  20.  18
    The Role of Language in a Science of Emotion.Asifa Majid - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (4):380-381.
    Emotion scientists often take an ambivalent stance concerning the role of language in a science of emotion. However, it is important for emotion researchers to contemplate some of the consequences of current practices for their theory building. There is a danger of an overreliance on the English language as a transparent window into emotion categories. More consideration has to be given to cross-linguistic comparison in the future so that models of language acquisition and of the language–cognition interface fit better the (...)
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  21.  50
    A Crosslinguistic Perspective on Semantic Cognition.Asifa Majid & Falk Huettig - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):720-721.
    Coherent covariation appears to be a powerful explanatory factor accounting for a range of phenomena in semantic cognition. But its role in accounting for the crosslinguistic facts is less clear. Variation in naming, within the same semantic domain, raises vexing questions about the necessary parameters needed to account for the basic facts underlying categorization.
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  22.  12
    Shades of Emotion: What the Addition of Sunglasses or Masks to Faces Reveals About the Development of Facial Expression Processing.Debi Roberson, Mariko Kikutani, Paula Döge, Lydia Whitaker & Asifa Majid - 2012 - Cognition 125 (2):195-206.
  23.  18
    An Analysis of Hong Kong Auditors' Perceptions of the Importance of Selected Red Flag Factors in Risk Assessment.Abdul Majid, Ferdinand A. Gul & Judy S. L. Tsui - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (3):263 - 274.
    This study examined auditors'' perceptions of the relative level of risk of fraud and material irregularities associated with the presence of six red flag factors and also evaluated the quality of auditors'' judgements. The study was conducted in two stages. In the first stage, subjects were asked to rank the importance of 15 factors that proxy the existence of material misstatements. Based on the responses to this questionnaire, 6 of the most important factors were identified and included in the second (...)
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  24.  4
    Putting and Taking Events.Bhuvana Narasimhan, Anetta Kopecka, Melissa Bowerman, Marianne Gullberg & Asifa Majid - 2012 - In Anetta Kopecka & Bhuvana Narasimhan (eds.), Events of "Putting" and "Taking": A Crosslinguistic Perspective. John Benjamins. pp. 1.
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  25.  3
    Vision Verbs Dominate in Conversation Across Cultures, but the Ranking of Non-Visual Verbs Varies.Lila San Roque, Kobin H. Kendrick, Elisabeth Norcliffe, Penelope Brown, Rebecca Defina, Mark Dingemanse, Tyko Dirksmeyer, N. J. Enfield, Simeon Floyd, Jeremy Hammond, Giovanni Rossi, Sylvia Tufvesson, Saskia van Putten & Asifa Majid - 2015 - Cognitive Linguistics 26 (1):31-60.
    To what extent does perceptual language reflect universals of experience and cognition, and to what extent is it shaped by particular cultural preoccupations? This paper investigates the universality~relativity of perceptual language by examining the use of basic perception terms in spontaneous conversation across 13 diverse languages and cultures. We analyze the frequency of perception words to test two universalist hypotheses: that sight is always a dominant sense, and that the relative ranking of the senses will be the same across different (...)
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  26.  2
    Manners of Human Gait: A Crosslinguistic Event-Naming Study.Dan I. Slobin, Iraide Ibarretxe-Antuñano, Anetta Kopecka & Asifa Majid - 2014 - Cognitive Linguistics 25 (4).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Cognitive Linguistics Jahrgang: 25 Heft: 4 Seiten: 701-741.
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  27.  1
    Predictive Factors for Unanticipated Admission Following Day Case Surgery.Giuseppe Garcea, Ibrar Majid, Clare J. Pattenden, Christopher D. Sutton, Christopher P. Neal & David P. Berry - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (1):175-177.
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  28.  1
    The Semantics of Reciprocal Constructions Across Languages.Asifa Majid, Nicholas Evans, Alice Gaby & Stephen C. Levinson - 2011 - In Nicholas Evans (ed.), Reciprocals and Semantic Typology. John Benjamins Pub. Company. pp. 29.
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  29.  1
    Letters to the Editor.Nick Sharp, Mark McGurl, David Latané & Anouar Majid - 1997 - Critical Inquiry 23 (2):419-423.
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  30. Modern Malay Verse, 1946-61.E. B., Oliver Rice, Abdullah Majid & Asraf Abdullah Majid - 1963 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 83 (2):281.
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  31. How Similar Are Semantic Categories in Closely Related Languages? A Comparison of Cutting and Breaking in Four Germanic Languages.Asifa Majid, Marianne Gullberg, Miriam van Staden & Melissa Bowerman - 2007 - Cognitive Linguistics 18 (2).
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  32. Nicholas Evans.Asifa Majid, Christian J. Rapold, Peter Hurst, Ulrike Zeshan, Toshiki Osada, N. J. Enfield, Nicole Kruspe & Niclas Burenhult - 2011 - In Nicholas Evans (ed.), Reciprocals and Semantic Typology. John Benjamins Pub. Company. pp. 341.
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  33.  13
    Response to Majid: Neurocognitive and Cultural Approaches to Odor Naming Are Complementary.Jonas K. Olofsson & Jay A. Gottfried - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (11):630-631.
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  34.  2
    FAKHRY, Majid, Histoire de la Philosophie islamiqueFAKHRY, Majid, Histoire de la Philosophie Islamique.Richard Bodéüs - 1991 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 47 (2):283-283.
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  35.  1
    Review of Philosophy, Dogma and the Impact of Greek Thought in Islam by Majid Fakhry. [REVIEW]John Bussanich - 1997 - Philosophy East and West 47 (2):282-283.
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  36. Review of A Short Introduction to Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Mysticism by Majid Fakhry. [REVIEW]Mehdi Aminrazavi - forthcoming - Philosophy East and West:148-149.
     
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  37. Majid Fakhry, "Ethical Theories in Islam". [REVIEW]Peter Heath - 1994 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 32 (2):299.
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  38. The Wandering Thoughts of a Dying Man: The Life and Times of Haji Abdul Majid Bin Zainuddin.Clive S. Kessler & William R. Roff - 1980 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 100 (1):40.
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  39. Majid Fakhry, "A History of Islamic Philosophy". [REVIEW]Robert E. Abu Shanab - 1972 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 10 (2):221.
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  40. Review: Al-Farabi: Founder of Islamic Neoplatonism: His Life, Works and Influence * Majid Fakhry: Al-Farabi: Founder of Islamic Neoplatonism: His Life, Works and Influence. [REVIEW]A. Shihadeh - 2004 - Journal of Islamic Studies 15 (3):347-348.
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  41.  3
    Switching Adaptive Controllers to Control Fractional-Order Complex Systems with Unknown Structure and Input Nonlinearities.Majid Roohi, Mohammad Pourmahmood Aghababa & Ahmad Reza Haghighi - 2015 - Complexity 21 (2):211-223.
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  42. On the Ontology of Linguistic Frameworks Toward a Comprehensive Version of Empiricism.Majid Davoody Beni - 2015 - Philosophia Scientiae 19 (1):115-126.
    Can the abstract entities be designated? While the empiricists usually took the positive answer to this question as the first step toward Platonism, in his ``Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology’’ [Carnap 1950], Carnap tried to make a reconciliation between the language referring to abstract entities on the one hand, and empiricism on the other. In this paper, firstly, I show that the ingenuity of Carnap’s approach notwithstanding, it is prone to criticism from different aspects. But I also show how, even without (...)
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  43.  13
    Guilt, Shame, and Reparative Behavior: The Effect of Psychological Proximity. [REVIEW]Majid Ghorbani, Yuan Liao, Sinan Çayköylü & Masud Chand - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (2):311-323.
    Research has paid scant attention to reparative behavior to compensate for unintended wrongdoing or to the role of emotions in doing the right thing. We propose a new approach to investigating reparative behavior by looking at moral emotions and psychological proximity. In this study, we compare the effects of moral emotions (guilt and shame) on the level of compensation for financial harm. We also investigate the role of transgressors’ perceived psychological proximity to the victims of wrongdoing. Our hypotheses were tested (...)
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  44. Critical Notice Logical Machines: Peirce on Psychologism.Majid Amini - 2008 - Disputatio 2 (24).
     
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  45.  35
    Variation of Wavelet Entropy in Electroencephalogram Signal During Neurofeedback Training.Majid Ghoshuni, Mohammad Firoozabadi, Mohammad Ali Khalilzadeh & Mohammad Reza Hashemi Golpayegani - 2013 - Complexity 18 (3):18-23.
  46.  26
    Structural Realist Account of the Self.Majid Davoody Beni - 2016 - Synthese 193 (12):3727-3740.
    In this paper, inspired by the late twentieth century developments in philosophy of science, I propose an ontological scheme to accommodate the scientifically-informed anti-substantivalist views of the self. I call the position structural realist theory of the self. More specifically, I argue that SRS provides a middle ground for bringing a metaphysical reconciliation between the two recurring, and apparently competing forms of such anti-substantivalist views, i.e., eliminativism and pluralism. The notion of the structural self, as the underpinning pattern that is (...)
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  47.  11
    Epistemic Informational Structural Realism.Majid Davoody Beni - 2016 - Minds and Machines 26 (4):323-339.
    The paper surveys Floridi’s attempt for laying down informational structural realism. After considering a number of reactions to the pars destruens of Floridi’s attack on the digital ontology, I show that Floridi’s enterprise for enriching the ISR by borrowing elements from the ontic form of structural realism is blighted by a haunting inconsistency. ISR has been originally developed by Floridi as a restricted and level dependent form of structural realism which remains mainly bonded within the borders of a Kantian perspective. (...)
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  48.  3
    On the Thinking Brains and Tinkering with the Scientific Models.Majid Davoody Beni - forthcoming - Axiomathes:1-15.
    The paper aims to provide a detailed assessment of Tim Crane’s recent invocation of the notion of scientific models in the way of dealing with the issue of the brain’s representational states. In this paper, I assess Crane’s proposal under a charitable and a less charitable reading. I argue that Crane’s use of scientific models is at best compatible with his expression of psychological realism. However, Crane’s use of model-based strategy by no means underlay, support, or strengthen his psychological realism. (...)
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  49.  2
    Medical Students’ Attitudes on and Experiences with Evidence-Based Medicine: A Qualitative Study.Morteza Ghojazadeh, Sakineh Hajebrahimi, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Fatemeh Pournaghi Azar, Majid Keshavarz, Mohammad Naghavi-Behzad & Hakimeh Hazrati - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):779-785.
  50.  44
    From Actor to Spectator: Hannah Arendt's 'Two Theories' of Political Judgment.Majid Yar - 2000 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 26 (2):1-27.
    The question of judgment has become one of the central problems in recent social, political and ethical thought. This paper explores Hannah Arendt's decisive contribution to this debate by attempting to reconstruct analytically two distinctive perspectives on judgment from the corpus of her writings. By exploring her relation to Aristotelian and Kantian sources, and by uncovering debts and parallels to key thinkers such as Benjamin and Heidegger, it is argued that Arendt's work pinpoints the key antinomy within political judgment itself, (...)
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