Results for 'Mandy Faretta-Stutenberg'

148 found
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  1.  20
    The Relationship Between Artificial and Second Language Learning.Marc Ettlinger, Kara Morgan-Short, Mandy Faretta-Stutenberg & Patrick C. M. Wong - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (4):822-847.
    Artificial language learning experiments have become an important tool in exploring principles of language and language learning. A persistent question in all of this work, however, is whether ALL engages the linguistic system and whether ALL studies are ecologically valid assessments of natural language ability. In the present study, we considered these questions by examining the relationship between performance in an ALL task and second language learning ability. Participants enrolled in a Spanish language class were evaluated using a number of (...)
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  2.  44
    Illocutionary Acts and Sentence Meaning. [REVIEW]Mandy Simons - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (1):152.
    In this book, Alston articulates and argues for a use-based and normative account of sentence meaning. He proposes that sentence meaning consists in illocutionary act potential, the usability of a sentence for the performance of a certain illocutionary act type. This potential is itself explained in terms of illocutionary rules, normative rules governing the acceptable use of sentences.
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  3.  28
    Local Pragmatics: Reply to Mandy Simons.François Recanati - 2017 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (5):493-508.
    In response to Mandy Simons’ defence of a classical Gricean approach to pragmatic enrichment in terms of conversational implicature, I emphasize the following contrast. Conversational implicatures are generated by a global inference which uses as a premise the fact that the speaker has said that p, but only the triggering inference is global in cases of pragmatic enrichment. What generates the correct interpretation is a process of reconstrual, which locally maps the literal meaning of a constituent to a modulated (...)
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  4.  10
    We’Re in This Together: A Reflection on How Bioethics and Public Health Can Collectively Advance Scientific Efforts Towards Addressing Racism.Mandy Truong & Mienah Z. Sharif - 2021 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 18 (1):113-116.
    Racism is a key driver of the social, political, and economic injustices that cause and maintain health inequities. Over centuries and across continents, racism has become deeply ingrained within societies. Therefore, we believe that it is our professional and ethical obligation as scientists, and public health scholars specifically, to address racism head on in order to ameliorate racialized health disparities. We argue that greater focus is needed on addressing racism rather than race and how race is described or defined. We (...)
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  5.  79
    Towards a Philosophy of Software Development: 40 Years After the Birth of Software Engineering.Mandy Northover, Derrick G. Kourie, Andrew Boake, Stefan Gruner & Alan Northover - 2008 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 39 (1):85-113.
    Over the past four decades, software engineering has emerged as a discipline in its own right, though it has roots both in computer science and in classical engineering. Its philosophical foundations and premises are not yet well understood. In recent times, members of the software engineering community have started to search for such foundations. In particular, the philosophies of Kuhn and Popper have been used by philosophically-minded software engineers in search of a deeper understanding of their discipline. It seems, however, (...)
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  6. What Projects and Why.Mandy Simons, David Beaver, Judith Tonhauser & Craige Roberts - 2010 - Semantics and Linguistic Theory 20:309-327.
    The empirical phenomenon at the center of this paper is projection, which we define (uncontroversially) as follows: (1) Definition of projection An implication projects if and only if it survives as an utterance implication when the expression that triggers the implication occurs under the syntactic scope of an entailment-cancelling operator. Projection is observed, for example, with utterances containing aspectual verbs like stop, as shown in (2) and (3) with examples from English and Paraguayan Guaraní (Paraguay, Tupí-Guaraní).1 The Guaraní example in (...)
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  7.  20
    Ethical Considerations in the Treatment of Childhood Obesity.Mandy Perryman & Kara Sidoti - forthcoming - Medicolegal and Bioethics:17.
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  8.  10
    Can Creativity Be a Collective Virtue? Insights for the Ethics of Innovation.Mandi Astola, Gunter Bombaerts, Andreas Spahn & Lambèr Royakkers - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-12.
    Virtue accounts of innovation ethics have recognized the virtue of creativity as an admirable trait in innovators. However, such accounts have not paid sufficient attention to the way creativity functions as a collective phenomenon. We propose a collective virtue account to supplement existing virtue accounts. We base our account on Kieran’s definition of creativity as a virtue and distinguish three components in it: creative output, mastery and intrinsic motivation. We argue that all of these components can meaningfully be attributed to (...)
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  9.  7
    Dissociating Contingency Awareness and Conditioned Attitudes: Evidence of Contingency-Unaware Evaluative Conditioning.Mandy Hütter, Steven Sweldens, Christoph Stahl, Christian Unkelbach & Karl Christoph Klauer - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (3):539-557.
  10.  10
    A Developmental Shift From Similar to Language-Specific Strategies in Verb Acquisition: A Comparison of English, Spanish, and Japanese.Mandy J. Maguire, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Mutsumi Imai, Etsuko Haryu, Sandra Vanegas, Hiroyuki Okada, Rachel Pulverman & Brenda Sanchez-Davis - 2010 - Cognition 114 (3):299-319.
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  11.  68
    Dividing Things Up: The Semantics of or and the Modal/or Interaction.Mandy Simons - 2005 - Natural Language Semantics 13 (3):271-316.
    In this paper, the meanings of sentences containing the word or and a modal verb are used to arrive at a novel account of the meaning of or coordinations. It is proposed that or coordinations denote sets whose members are the denotations of the disjuncts; and that the truth conditions of sentences containing or coordinations require the existence of some set made available by the semantic environment which can be ‘divided up’ in accordance with the disjuncts. The relevant notion of (...)
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  12. Observations on Embedding Verbs, Evidentiality, and Presupposition.Mandy Simons - 2007
    This paper discusses the semantically parenthetical use of clauseembedding verbs such as see, hear, think, believe, discover and know. When embedding verbs are used in this way, the embedded clause carries the main point of the utterance, while the main clause serves some discourse function. Frequently, this function is evidential, with the parenthetical verb carrying information about the source and reliability of the embedded claim, or about the speaker’s emotional orientation to it. Other functions of parenthetical uses of verbs are (...)
     
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  13. On the Conversational Basis of Some Presuppositions.Mandy Simons - 2001 - Semantics and Linguistic Theory 11.
    The current literature on presupposition focuses almost exclusively on the projection problem: the question of how and why the presuppositions of atomic clauses are projected to complex sentences which embed them. Very little attention has been paid to the question of how and why these presuppositions arise at all. As Kay (1992, p.335) observes, “treatments of the presupposition inheritance problem almost never deal with the reasons that individual words and constructions give rise, in the first place, to the particular presuppositions (...)
     
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  14. Presuppositions, Conventional Implicature, and Beyond: A Unified Account of Projection.Mandy Simons, Craige Roberts, Judith Tonhauser & David I. Beaver - 2009 - In Nathan Klinedist & Daniel Rothschild (eds.), Proceedings of Workshop on New Directions in the Theory of Presuppositions. Essli 2009.
    We define a notion of projective meaning which encompasses both classical presuppositions and phenomena which are usually regarded as non-presuppositional but which also display projection behavior—Horn’s assertorically inert entailments, conventional implicatures (both Grice’s and Potts’) and some conversational implicatures. We argue that the central feature of all projective meanings is that they are not-at-issue, defined as a relation to the question under discussion. Other properties differentiate various sub-classes of projective meanings, one of them the class of presuppositions according to Stalnaker. (...)
     
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  15.  1
    The Pivotal Function of Non-human Actors in the Acceptability of the Body Technology, Actibelt®: a Reconstruction Based on Actor-Network-Theory.Mandy Scheermesser - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (1):81-93.
    This paper explores the question of how non-human actors contribute to the acceptability of technologies. Acceptance and acceptability of technologies were examined as network formation and not, as in conventional technology acceptance models, as adoption by individual human actors. Using the approach of translation sociology, the acceptance work necessary for network formation was examined. As a result, the actibelt®-Actor-Network and five modes of acceptance work by non-human actors and their effects on patients were identified. The different modes of acceptance work (...)
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  16. Presupposition and Accommodation: Understanding the Stalnakerian Picture.Mandy Simons - 2003 - Philosophical Studies 112 (3):251 - 278.
    This paper offers a critical analysis of Stalnaker''s work on presupposition (Stalnaker1973, 1974, 1979, 1999, 2002). The paper examines two definitions of speaker presupposition offered by Stalnaker – the familiar common ground view, and the earlier,less familiar, dispositional account – and how Stalnaker relates this notion to the linguistic phenomenon of presupposition. Special attention is paid to Stalnaker's view of accommodation. I argue that given Stalnaker's views, accommodation is not rightly seen as driven by the presuppositional requirements of utterances, but (...)
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  17.  35
    Local Pragmatics in a Gricean Framework.Mandy Simons - 2017 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (5):466-492.
    The pragmatic framework developed by H.P. Grice in “Logic and Conversation” explains how a speaker can mean something more than, or different from, the conventional meaning of the sentence she utters. But it has been argued that the framework cannot give a similar explanation for cases where these pragmatic effects impact the understood content of an embedded clause, such as the antecedent of a conditional, a clausal disjunct, or the clausal complement of a verb. In this paper, I show that (...)
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  18.  10
    Implicit Misattribution of Evaluative Responses: Contingency-Unaware Evaluative Conditioning Requires Simultaneous Stimulus Presentations.Mandy Hütter & Steven Sweldens - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (3):638-643.
  19.  33
    Are There Two Independent Evaluative Conditioning Effects in Relational Paradigms? Dissociating the Effects of CS-US Pairings and Their Meaning.Niels Kukken, Mandy Hütter & Rob W. Holland - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (1):170-187.
    ABSTRACTRecent research into evaluative conditioning shows that information about the relationship between the conditioned and unconditioned stimuli can exert strong effects on the size and di...
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  20.  64
    Natural Conventions and Indirect Speech Arts.Mandy Simons & Kevin J. S. Zollman - 2019 - Philosophers' Imprint 19.
    In this paper, we develop the notion of a natural convention, and illustrate its usefulness in a detailed examination of indirect requests in English. Our treatment of convention is grounded in Lewis’s seminal account; we do not here redefine convention, but rather explore the space of possibilities within Lewis’s definition, highlighting certain types of variation that Lewis de-emphasized. Applied to the case of indirect requests, which we view through a Searlean lens, the notion of natural convention allows us to give (...)
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  21.  9
    Intersections of the Arts and Nursing Knowledge.Mandy M. Archibald, Vera Caine & Shannon D. Scott - 2017 - Nursing Inquiry 24 (2):e12153.
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  22. Automatic Processes in Evaluative Learning.Mandy Hütter & Klaus Rothermund - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (1):1-20.
  23. Mandy Merck and Stella Sandford, Eds, Further Adventures of The Dialectic of Sex.Debora Halbert - 2012 - Radical Philosophy 171:44.
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  24. Or Issues in the Semantics and Pragmatics of Disjunction.Mandy Simons - 1998 - Dissertation, Cornell University
    Grice observes that the primary discourse function of disjunction is the presentation of alternatives, each of which is relevant in the same way to a given topic. After a brief introduction , I offer in Chapter Two an account of Grice's observation and of further felicity conditions on disjunction, for example, the constraint against disjunctions in which one disjunct entails another. Using an enriched version of the Stalnakerian model of assertion, I define two constraints on information update--Relevant Informativity and Simplicity--and (...)
     
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  25.  22
    Sentencing Domestic Homicide Upon Provocation: Still `Getting Away with Murder.Mandy Burton - 2003 - Feminist Legal Studies 11 (3):279-289.
    Sentencing practices in cases of domestic homicide have been the object of critical scrutiny on previous occasions across a number of jurisdictions. It has been suggested by some that these practices reveal judges to be taking a more lenient approach to women who kill their violent male partners than to men who kill allegedly unfaithful female partners. This note evaluates claims of gender bias in sentencing practices in UK cases of domestic homicide following the Court of Appeal sentencing decision in (...)
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  26.  4
    What is Learned From Repeated Pairings? On the Scope and Generalizability of Evaluative Conditioning.Mandy Hütter, Florian Kutzner & Klaus Fiedler - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):631-643.
  27.  13
    Using Discrete Choice Experiments to Go Beyond Clinical Outcomes When Evaluating Clinical Practice.Mandy Ryan, Kirsten Major & Diane Skatun - 2005 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 11 (4):328-338.
  28.  50
    The Holism of Aesthetic Knowing in Nursing.Mandy M. Archibald - 2012 - Nursing Philosophy 13 (3):179-188.
    In 1978, Carper identified ‘four fundamental patterns of knowing’ that became largely foundational to subsequent epistemological discourse within the nursing discipline. These patterns of empirical, personal, aesthetic, and ethical knowing were presented as conceptually distinct yet related patterns of knowing. In order to provide an alternative conceptualization of aesthetics in nursing, the main tenants of Carper's discussion of aesthetic knowing will be revisited, and the foundations for her arguments will be examined. Specifically, Dewey's Art as Experience will be examined in (...)
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  29. Foundational Issues in Presupposition.Mandy Simons - 2006 - Philosophy Compass 1 (4):357–372.
    Unsurprisingly, the negation of sentence (1), shown in (3), does not share this entailment. Neither does the yes/no question formed from this sentence. Similarly, if we add a possibility modal to the sentence, or construct a conditional of which (1) is the antecedent, the resulting sentences do not share the entailment of the original, as we see from the examples below.
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  30. Presupposition Without Common Ground.Mandy Simons - manuscript
    In this paper, I review a number of arguments in favor of treating many of the central cases of presupposition as the result of conversational inference, rather than as lexically specified properties of particular expressions. I then argue that, despite the standard assumption to the contrary, the view of presupposition as constraints on the common ground is not consistent with the provision of a conversational account of particular presuppositional constraints. The argument revolves crucially around the workings of accommodation. I then (...)
     
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  31. A Gricean View on Intrusive Implicatures.Mandy Simons - 2010 - In Klaus Petrus (ed.), Meaning and Analysis: New Essays on Grice. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  32.  23
    Mandevillian Virtues.Mandi Astola - 2021 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24 (1).
    Studies in collective intelligence have shown that suboptimal cognitive traits of individuals can lead a group to succeed in a collective cognitive task, in recent literature this is called mandevillian intelligence. Analogically, as Mandeville has suggested, the moral vices of individuals can sometimes also lead to collective good. I suggest that this mandevillian morality can happen in many ways in collaborative activities. Mandevillian morality presents a challenge for normative virtue theories in ethics. The core of the problem is that mandevillian (...)
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  33.  17
    Lisa Bortolotti, The Epistemic Innocence of Irrational Beliefs, 2020.Mandi Astola - 2021 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24 (3):879-881.
  34. Disjunction and Alternativeness.Mandy Simons - 2001 - Linguistics and Philosophy 24 (5):597-619.
  35.  48
    Presuppositions and Relevance.Mandy Simons - 2005 - In Zoltan Gendler Szabo (ed.), Semantics Versus Pragmatics. Oxford University Press. pp. 329--255.
    Recall Grice’s well-worn example from Logic and Conversation about Smith, his girlfriend, and his trips to New York: (1) A: Smith doesn’t seem to have a girlfriend these days. B: He has been paying a lot of visits to NY recently. Grice says that in this dialogue, B implicates that Smith has, or may have, a girlfriend in New York. But in saying this, Grice under-describes his own example. For this proposition alone does not suffice to satisfy the requirements of (...)
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  36. The Equal Pay and Sex Discrimination Acts: Their Impact in the Workplace.Mandy Snell - 1979 - Feminist Review 1 (1):37-57.
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  37.  21
    Local Pragmatics in a Gricean Framework, Revisited: Response to Three Commentaries.Mandy Simons - 2017 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (5):539-568.
    There are two central themes that occupy the commentaries, and hence this response. The first is the character and role of what is said, both in my account, and in pragmatic theory in general. In response, I lay out in more detail the proposal from my original paper that the starting point for Gricean reasoning should be not what is said, but the pragmatically uncommitted what is expressed. As part of this argument, I restate and provide further arguments for my (...)
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  38. Auchmuty, Rosemary, 163, 315 Biggs, Hazel, 291 Bridgeman, Jo, 213 Burton, Frances, 113.Mandy Burton, Eileen V. Fegan, Piyel Haldar, Colin Harvey, Kirsty Horsey, Heather Keating, Robin MacKenzie, Kate Malleson, Ambreena Manji & Clare McGlynn - 2003 - Feminist Legal Studies 11 (325).
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  39.  33
    Children’s Spontaneous Emotional Expressions While Receiving Wanted Prizes in the Presence of Peers.Mandy Visser, Emiel Krahmer & Marc Swerts - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  40. How Do We Talk With People Living With Dementia About Future Care: A Scoping Review.Mandy Visser, Hanneke J. A. Smaling, Deborah Parker & Jenny T. van der Steen - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    A diagnosis of dementia often comes with difficulties in understanding a conversational context and expressing how one feels. So far, research on how to facilitate advance care planning for people with dementia focused on defining relevant themes and topics for conversations, or on how to formalize decisions made by surrogate decision makers, e.g., family members. The aim of this review is to provide a better scope of the existing research on practical communication aspects related to dementia in ACP conversations. In (...)
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  41.  12
    Does Attitude Acquisition in Evaluative Conditioning Without Explicit CS-US Memory Reflect Implicit Misattribution of Affect?Adrien Mierop, Mandy Hütter, Christoph Stahl & Olivier Corneille - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (2):173-184.
    ABSTRACTResearch that dissociates different types of processes within a given task using a processing tree approach suggests that attitudes may be acquired through evaluative conditioning in the absence of explicit encoding of CS-US pairings in memory. This research distinguishes explicit memory for the CS-US pairings from CS-liking acquired without encoding of CS-US pairs in explicit memory. It has been suggested that the latter effect may be due to an implicit misattribution process that is assumed to operate when US evocativeness is (...)
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  42.  87
    Local Pragmatics and Structured Contents.Mandy Simons - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 168 (1):21-33.
    There is a long-standing and rarely contested view that Gricean conversational reasoning—the kind of reasoning that supports the identification of conversational implicatures—cannot produce pragmatically generated modification of the contents of embedded clauses. The goal of this paper is to argue against this view: to argue that embedded pragmatic effects can be seen as continuous with ordinary, utterance-level, conversational implicature. I will further suggest, though, that embedded pragmatic effects do force on us a particular conception of semantics. Specifically, I will argue (...)
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  43.  30
    Milton and Ovid - M. Kilgour Milton and the Metamorphosis of Ovid. Pp. XXIV + 373. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. Cased, £70, Us$135. Isbn: 978-0-19-958943-2. [REVIEW]Mandy Green - 2013 - The Classical Review 63 (2):597-598.
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  44.  40
    On The Felicity Conditions of Disjunctive Sentences.Mandy Simons - unknown
    Mandy Simons. On The Felicity Conditions of Disjunctive Sentences.
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  45.  15
    Lawrence O. Gostin. The AIDS Pandemic: Complacency, Injustice, and Unfulfilled Expectations. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2004. 400 Pp. $34.95, Hardcover. [REVIEW]Mandy Garber - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):82-83.
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  46.  5
    ‘She Can't Come Here!’ Ethics and the Case of Birth Centre Admission Policy in the UK.Mandie Scamell - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (12):813-816.
  47.  17
    Intimate Homicide and the Provocation Defence – Endangering Women? R V. Smith.Mandy Burton - 2001 - Feminist Legal Studies 9 (3):247-258.
    This case note considers the availability in the United Kingdom of the provocation defence in cases of intimate homicide in the context of the recent House of Lords decision in Rv. Smith [2000] 3 W.L.R. 654. The note argues that the expansion of the objective component of the defence to encompass the mental infirmities of individual defendants is dangerous for women. Although it has the potential to help some abused women who kill to use the defence, it has, at the (...)
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  48.  1
    Gendered Dimensions of Catalan Nationalism and Identity Construction on Twitter.Mandie Iveson - 2017 - Discourse and Communication 11 (1):51-68.
    Support for independence in Catalonia has been rapidly increasing since 2010. Civil organisations have been instrumental in the secessionist movement and have used social media to mobilise the Catalan public and raise national consciousness. Drawing on theories of national identity, gender and nation, and the discursive construction of national identity, this article examines constructions of national identity and the gendered dimensions of these constructions in a Twitter corpus collected in the week up to the public consultation on independence held in (...)
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  49.  18
    Promoting the Participation of Minorities in Research.Mandy Garber & Robert M. Arnold - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):W14-W20.
    The current policy of the National Institute of Health designed to increase the participation of women and minorities is radically different from previous policies designed to protect minorities from abuses in research studies. The principal arguments to support this policy are twofold: 1) Increased representation of minorities and women in research would increase the generalizability of research data and allow for valid analyses of differences in subpopulations; and 2) being in a clinical research study is advantageous to participants regardless of (...)
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  50. Semantics and Pragmatics in the Interpretation of Or.Mandy Simons - manuscript
    This paper concerns what might be called the variably bad behavior of the word or. As is well known, there are a variety of environments in which the word or misbehaves – misbehaves, in the sense that it gives rise to interpretations which are not expected given the standard analysis of this word as, roughly, set union. One of these environments is the scope of a modal. This case has received a lot of attention recently in the literature, and a (...)
     
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