Results for 'Manfred L. Ristig'

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  1. Quantum–Matter–Spacetime: Peter Mittelstaedt’s Contributions to Physics and Its Foundations. [REVIEW]Paul Busch, Joachim Pfarr, Manfred L. Ristig & Ernst-Walther Stachow - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (9-10):1163-1170.
    In a period of over 50 years, Peter Mittelstaedt has made substantial and lasting contributions to several fields in theoretical physics as well as the foundations and philosophy of physics. Here we present an overview of his achievements in physics and its foundations which may serve as a guide to the bibliography (printed in this Festschrift) of his publications. An appraisal of Peter Mittelstaedt’s work in the philosophy of physics is given in a separate contribution by B. Falkenburg.
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  2.  89
    Aspects of Entanglement in Quantum Many-Body Systems.John W. Clark, Hessam Habibian, Aikaterini D. Mandilara & Manfred L. Ristig - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (9-10):1200-1220.
    Knowledge of the entanglement properties of the wave functions commonly used to describe quantum many-particle systems can enhance our understanding of their correlation structure and provide new insights into quantum phase transitions that are observed experimentally or predicted theoretically. To illustrate this theme, we first examine the bipartite entanglement contained in the wave functions generated by microscopic many-body theory for the transverse Ising model, a system of Pauli spins on a lattice that exhibits an order-disorder magnetic quantum phase transition under (...)
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  3.  10
    Statistical Properties of Strongly Correlated Quantum Liquids.M. L. Ristig & K. A. Gernoth - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (9-10):1253-1262.
    Modern microscopic theory is employed to construct a powerful analytical algorithm that permits a clear description of characteristic features of strongly correlated quantum fluids in thermodynamic equilibrium. Using recently developed formal results we uncover an intricate relationship between strongly correlated systems and free quantum gases of appropriately defined constituents. The latter entities are precisely defined renormalized bosons or fermions. They carry all the information contained in the statistical correlations of the strongly interacting many-particle system by virtue of their effective masses. (...)
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    The Structure of Quantum Fluids.M. L. Ristig - 1989 - Foundations of Physics 19 (8):1041-1050.
    We outline the principal features of Bose and Fermi fluids that are revealed in particle scattering experiments at high momentum transfer. In this regime, the dynamic structure function is determined by the dominant influence of correlations which are embodied in the static one- and two-body density matrices characterizing a strongly correlated system. We analyze the general structure of these fundamental quantities and of the associated momentum distributions that enter as input quantities for determining the dynamical response. We discuss their physical (...)
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  5.  31
    L'analyse du langage a Royaumont.A. -L. L. - 1958 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 148:257 - 259.
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  6.  21
    L'Idée de Preuve En Métaphysique. [REVIEW]S. F. L. - 1959 - Review of Metaphysics 13 (2):357-357.
    Kasm does not offer any concept of proof which is regulative for all metaphysics, for he is convinced that each metaphysical approach requires its own proper logic and methodology. Within this pluralistic framework he seeks to discern the structure of formal truth as expressed in the concept of proof inherent in various metaphysical approaches.--L. S. F.
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  7.  3
    Le rôle du sujet dans l'interprétation. Une nouvelle lecture de Schleiermacher avec Manfred Frank.Fontaine-De Visscher - 1991 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 89 (84):606-634.
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  8.  23
    Manfred Frank, Jean-Paul Larthomas & Alexis Philonenko, Sur la Troisième Critique, Combas, Éditions de l’Éclat, , 1994, 92 pages. [REVIEW]Daniel Dumouchel - 1996 - Philosophiques 23 (1):181-183.
  9.  29
    688 ACKNOWLEDGMENT Iwanska, Lucia Johnson, Mark Kadmon, Nirit K~ Ilm~ N, L~ Zlo.Hans Kamp, Boem-mo Kang, Paul Kay, Ali Kazmi, Edward L. Keenan, Jeff King, Ewan Klein, Angelika Kratzer, Manfred Krifka & William Ladusaw - 1995 - Linguistics and Philosophy 18:687-688.
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  10.  30
    L'homme machine.Manfred Tietzel - 1984 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 15 (1):34-71.
    Summary The idea of man imitating by his own inventions capacities, considered genuinely human, like talking, making music or thinking, has fascinated man's phantasy at all times.
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  11.  12
    Troping the EnlightenmentAnthropologie Et Histoire au Siecle des LumieresLectures de Raynal: L'Histoire des Deux Indes En Europe Et En Amerique au XVIIIE Siecle. [REVIEW]Srinivas Aravamudan, Michele Duchet, Hans-Jurgen Lusebrink & Manfred Tietz - 1993 - Diacritics 23 (3):48.
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  12.  11
    « Bonne fortune, galanterie et jeu sont fort souvent capricieux »1. Stabilité et crise des rôles sexués dans le jeu à l'époque moderne. [REVIEW]Manfred Zollinger - 2002 - Clio 16:195-220.
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  13.  11
    L'Europe — Contribution a l'histoire d'une idee culturelle et politique.Manfred Fuhrmann - 1983 - History of European Ideas 4 (1):1-15.
    Le texte reproduit ici et traduit en français par Eva Beate Fuhrmann est celui d'une conférence donnée le 12 mai 1981 à Constance lors de la session d'introduction de la Fondation Alexander v. Humboldt et publiée sous le titre ‘Europa — Zur Geschichte einer kulturellen und politischen Idee’ dans Universitätsverlag Konstanz GmbH.
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  14.  3
    Staat kontra Universität: Die Universität Halle-Wittenberg und die Karlsbader Beschlüsse, 1819-1848. Manfred Brümmer.Richard L. Kremer - 1992 - Isis 83 (4):673-674.
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  15. "L'état des travaux dans l'édition des ""Gesammelte Werke"" de Max Scheler".Manfred S. Frings - 1985 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 117:285.
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  16. Die Wirkungsgeschichte des Pariser Talmudprozesses 1242/48 Auf Das Herzogtum Osterreich (Histoire de l'Influence du Procès Parisien du Talmud (1242-1248), Sur le Duché d'Autriche). [REVIEW]Manfred Kniewasser - 1986 - Kairos 28 (3-4):221-227.
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  17. Fra Mito E Scienza l'Inizio Della Filosofia Greca.Manfred Riedel - 1986
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  18. Law Is the Command of the Sovereign: H. L. A. Hart Reconsidered.Andrew Stumpff Morrison - 2016 - Ratio Juris 29 (3):364-384.
    This article presents a critical reevaluation of the thesis—closely associated with H. L. A. Hart, and central to the views of most recent legal philosophers—that the idea of state coercion is not logically essential to the definition of law. The author argues that even laws governing contracts must ultimately be understood as “commands of the sovereign, backed by force.” This follows in part from recognition that the “sovereign,” defined rigorously, at the highest level of abstraction, is that person or entity (...)
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  19. The Power of Humility in Sceptical Religion: Why Ietsism is Preferable to J. L. Schellenberg's Ultimism.James Elliott - 2017 - Religious Studies 53 (1):97-116.
    J. L. Schellenberg’s Philosophy of Religion argues for a specific brand of sceptical religion that takes ‘Ultimism’ – the proposition that there is a metaphysically, axiologically, and soteriologically ultimate reality – to be the object to which the sceptical religionist should assent. In this article I shall argue that Ietsism – the proposition that there is merely something transcendental worth committing ourselves to religiously – is a preferable object of assent. This is for two primary reasons. First, Ietsism is far (...)
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  20. "If There is Nothing Beyond the Organic...": Heredity and Culture at the Boundaries of Anthropology in the Work of Alfred L. Kroeber.Maria E. Kronfeldner - 2008 - NTM - Journal of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine 17 (2):107-134.
    Continuing Franz Boas' work to establish anthropology as an academic discipline in the US at the turn of the twentieth century, Alfred L. Kroeber re-defined culture as a phenomenon sui generis. To achieve this he asked geneticists to enter into a coalition against hereditarian thoughts prevalent at that time in the US. The goal was to create space for anthropology as a separate discipline within academia, distinct from other disciplines. To this end he crossed the boundary separating anthropology from biology (...)
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  21. Analyse contrastée des attentes et des représentations d'étudiants en formation initiale à l'enseignement secondaire en fonction de leur engagement ou non dans un établissement scolaire.Sandra Pellanda Dieci, Laura Weise & Anne Monnier - 2012 - Revue Phronesis 1 (2):63-81.
    In Geneva, since the beginning of pre-service secondary teacher training at university, two different types of students in teacher preparation coexist: some of them have got part-time classes, others have no teaching assignment. In an introduction to the teaching profession, students from different disciplines of the two types take a course on the same sources of professional knowledge. By analyzing the representations of the teaching profession, we find that the process of construction of their professional identity varies according to whether (...)
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  22.  28
    Diderot, l’éclectisme et l’histoire de l’esprit humain.Mitia Rioux-Beaulne - 2018 - Dialogue 57 (4):719-743.
    Les interprétations habituelles de l’article «Éclectisme» de l’Encyclopédie mettent l’accent sur l’idée que Diderot y annonce le programme de la philosophie moderne, dont il se ferait par le fait même un illustre représentant et l’un des promoteurs. Dans cet article, j’essaie de compléter cette interprétation en montrant que l’article est également porteur d’une réflexion de premier plan sur l’histoire de la philosophie, sur les effets de continuité dans sa pratique et, conséquemment, sur ce qui est proprement constitutif du discours philosophique (...)
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  23.  11
    Gérer l’urgence de la disparition du vivant : les contradictions temporelles de l’action publique.Clémence Guimont - 2018 - Temporalités. Revue de Sciences Sociales Et Humaines 28.
    Les temporalités de l’action publique n’intègrent pas actuellement les temporalités propres au vivant, dans un contexte préoccupant de crise écologique. Au travers de l’étude des politiques territoriales de biodiversité du Nord-Pas-de-Calais, nous analysons ici ces contradictions temporelles. L’action publique demeure en effet dans une perspective anthropocentrée qui détermine la finalité et les moyens des politiques de biodiversité à partir de contraintes politiques et économiques propres aux sociétés. Elle reflète ainsi une perspective linéaire du temps avec des objectifs de résultats court-termistes, (...)
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  24.  23
    The Varied Lives of Organisms: Variation in the Historiography of the Biological Sciences.Gerald L. Geison & Manfred D. Laubichler - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (1):1-29.
    This paper emphasizes the crucial role of variation, at several different levels, for a detailed historical understanding of the development of the biomedical sciences. Going beyond valuable recent studies that focus on model organisms, experimental systems and instruments, we argue that all of these categories can be accommodated within our approach, which pays special attention to organismal and cultural variation. Our empirical examples are drawn in particular from recent historical studies of nineteenth- and early twentieth-century genetics and physiology. Based on (...)
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  25.  13
    Quantitative Perspectives on Fifty Years of the Journal of the History of Biology.B. R. Erick Peirson, Erin Bottino, Julia L. Damerow & Manfred D. Laubichler - 2017 - Journal of the History of Biology 50 (4):695-751.
    Journal of the History of Biology provides a fifty-year long record for examining the evolution of the history of biology as a scholarly discipline. In this paper, we present a new dataset and preliminary quantitative analysis of the thematic content of JHB from the perspectives of geography, organisms, and thematic fields. The geographic diversity of authors whose work appears in JHB has increased steadily since 1968, but the geographic coverage of the content of JHB articles remains strongly lopsided toward the (...)
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  26.  31
    On the Equivalence Between MV-Algebras and L-Groups with Strong Unit.Eduardo J. Dubuc & Y. A. Poveda - 2015 - Studia Logica 103 (4):807-814.
    In “A new proof of the completeness of the Lukasiewicz axioms” Chang proved that any totally ordered MV-algebra A was isomorphic to the segment \}\) of a totally ordered l-group with strong unit A *. This was done by the simple intuitive idea of putting denumerable copies of A on top of each other. Moreover, he also show that any such group G can be recovered from its segment since \^*}\), establishing an equivalence of categories. In “Interpretation of AF C (...)
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  27. Law, Morality, and Society: Essays in Honour of H. L. A. Hart.P. M. S. Hacker & Joseph Raz (eds.) - 1977 - Oxford University Press.
    Law, Morality and Society Essays in Honour of H.L.A Hart.
     
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  28.  50
    Scientific Discrimination and the Activist Scientist: L. C. Dunn and the Professionalization of Genetics and Human Genetics in the United States.Melinda Gormley - 2009 - Journal of the History of Biology 42 (1):33-72.
    During the 1920s and 1930s geneticist L. C. Dunn of Columbia University cautioned Americans against endorsing eugenic policies and called attention to eugenicists' less than rigorous practices. Then, from the mid-1940s to early 1950s he attacked scientific racism and Nazi Rassenhygiene by co-authoring Heredity, Race and Society with Theodosius Dobzhansky and collaborating with members of UNESCO on their international campaign against racism. Even though shaking the foundations of scientific discrimination was Dunn's primary concern during the interwar and post-World War II (...)
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  29.  16
    The Varied Lives of Organisms: Variation in the Historiography of the Biological Sciences.Gerald L. Geison & Manfred D. Laubichler - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 32 (1):1-29.
  30.  17
    L’Homme in Psychology and Neuroscience.Gary Hatfield - 2016 - In Stephen Gaukroger & Delphine Antoine-Mahut (eds.), Descartes' Treatise on Man and Its Reception. New York: Springer. pp. 269–285.
    L’Homme presents what has been termed Descartes’ “physiological psychology”. It envisions and seeks to explain how the brain and nerves might yield situationally appropriate behavior through mechanical means. On occasion in the past 150 years, this aim has been recognized, described, and praised. Still, acknowledgement of this aspect of Descartes’ writing has been spotty in histories of neuroscience and histories of psychology. In recent years, there has been something of a resurgence. This chapter argues that, in seeking to explain psychological (...)
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  31.  28
    The Problem of Spontaneous Goodness: From Kierkegaard to Løgstrup.Patrick Stokes - 2016 - Continental Philosophy Review 49 (2):139-159.
    Historically, Western philosophy has struggled to accommodate, or has simply denied, the moral value of spontaneous, non-reflective action. One important exception is in the work of K.E. Løgstrup, whose phenomenological ethics involves a claim that the ‘ethical demand’ of care for the other can only be realized through spontaneous assent to ‘sovereign expressions of life’ such as trust and mercy. Løgstrup attacks Kierkegaard for devaluing spontaneous moral action, but as I argue, Kierkegaard too offers an implicit view of spontaneous moral (...)
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  32.  85
    The Feminist Phenomenology of Excess: Ontological Multiplicity, Auto-Jealousy, and Suicide in Beauvoir’s L’Invitée.Jennifer McWeeny - 2012 - Continental Philosophy Review 45 (1):41-75.
    In this paper, I present a new reading of Simone de Beauvoir’s first major work, L’Invitée ( She Came to Stay ), in order to reveal the text as a vital place of origin for feminist phenomenological philosophy. My reading of L’Invitée departs from most scholarly interpretations of the text in three notable respects: (1) it is inclusive of the “two unpublished chapters” that were excised from the original manuscript at the publisher’s request, (2) it takes seriously Beauvoir’s claim that (...)
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  33. Analyse contrastée des attentes et des représentations d’étudiants en formation initiale à l’enseignement secondaire en fonction de leur engagement ou non dans un établissement scolaireComparative analysis of the students’ expectations and representations in pre-service teacher training for secondary school depending on whether they have a student teaching placement or not.Sandra Pellanda Dieci, Laura Weise & Anne Monnier - 2012 - Revue Phronesis 1 (2):63-81.
    In Geneva, since the beginning of pre-service secondary teacher training at university, two different types of students in teacher preparation coexist: some of them have got part-time classes, others have no teaching assignment. In an introduction to the teaching profession, students from different disciplines of the two types take a course on the same sources of professional knowledge. By analyzing the representations of the teaching profession, we find that the process of construction of their professional identity varies according to whether (...)
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  34. Une perspective bachelardienne pour lire et comprendre les situations d'aprentissage professionnel de la formation à l'enseignement.Lucie Roger, Philippe Maubant & Bernard Mercier - 2012 - Revue Phronesis 1 (1):92-101.
    This text presents a few preliminary results of research currently being conducted at the Université de Sherbrooke’s Research Institute on Educational Practices. The study seeks to understand how situations presented in teacher education can support the functioning and success of trainee teachers’ professional learning. The article’s aim is to identify the points of convergence between situations of professional activity, situations of professional learning, and training situations. The text will attempt to analyze the role that can be played by certain training (...)
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  35.  5
    L’injonction à agir vite : une fausse bonne idée.Florence Rudolf - 2018 - Temporalités. Revue de Sciences Sociales Et Humaines 28.
    Face à des enjeux planétaires qui se multiplient et à leurs pronostics de plus en plus inquiétants, les injonctions à agir vite s’imposent avec une certaine évidence. Si la proposition semble tenir du bon sens et ne pas nécessiter qu’on s’y arrête, il convient de prendre un peu de recul, au contraire. S’autoriser à prendre le temps : le temps de la déconstruction des évidences, à commencer par celle de la définition de l’urgence qui invite à de nouveaux engagements, suivi (...)
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  36. La Situation Professionnelle : Moment Critique Dans L’Action, Interface de la Formation En Alternance le Cas Particulier de la Formation En Soins infirmiersThe Professional Situation: Critical Moment in Action, Interface of Practicum Training The Specific Case of Nurse Training.Catherine Guillaumin - 2012 - Revue Phronesis 1 (1):21-39.
    The professional situation is considered a major interface of practicum training, here conceived as a School of conjunction, a school where one learns to make links, a foundation for the engineering of professionalization. The notion of situation is here developed based on the study of a data corpus elaborated during an experience with a practicum training model centred on writing and the construction of the professional situation by a subject-actor-author of the situation, in interaction with others, in the context of (...)
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  37. La situation professionnelle : moment critique dans l'action, Interface de la formation en alternance le cas particulier de la formation en soins infirmiers.Catherine Guillaumin - 2012 - Revue Phronesis 1 (1):21-39.
    The professional situation is considered a major interface of practicum training, here conceived as a School of conjunction, a school where one learns to make links, a foundation for the engineering of professionalization. The notion of situation is here developed based on the study of a data corpus elaborated during an experience with a practicum training model centred on writing and the construction of the professional situation by a subject-actor-author of the situation, in interaction with others, in the context of (...)
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  38. Tour d’horizon des principaux programmes et dispositifs de soutien à l’insertion professionnelle en enseignementOverview of key measures to support teacher inductions.Stéphane Martineau & Joséphine Mukamurera - 2012 - Revue Phronesis 1 (2):45-62.
    This text provides a brief portrait of teacher induction programs in place in the school boards in Quebec and an analysis of three major support systems used. The analysis is based on both the descriptive documents integration programs posted on the website of the Carrefour national de l’insertion professionnelle en enseignement (CNIPE) as well as a review of research. Ce texte présente un bref portrait des programmes d’insertion professionnelle mis en place dans les commissions scolaires québécoises ainsi qu’une analyse de (...)
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  39. Une perspective bachelardienne pour lire et comprendre les situations d’aprentissage professionnel de la formation à l’enseignementA Bachelardian Perspective for Reading and Understanding Professional Learning Situations in Teacher Education.Lucie Roger, Philippe Maubant & Bernard Mercier - 2012 - Revue Phronesis 1 (1):92.
    This text presents a few preliminary results of research currently being conducted at the Université de Sherbrooke’s Research Institute on Educational Practices. The study seeks to understand how situations presented in teacher education can support the functioning and success of trainee teachers’ professional learning. The article’s aim is to identify the points of convergence between situations of professional activity, situations of professional learning, and training situations. The text will attempt to analyze the role that can be played by certain training (...)
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  40. Tour d'horizon des principaux programmes et dispositifs de soutien à l'insertion professionnelle en enseignement.Stéphane Martineau & Joséphine Mukamurera - 2012 - Revue Phronesis 1 (2):45-62.
    This text provides a brief portrait of teacher induction programs in place in the school boards in Quebec and an analysis of three major support systems used. The analysis is based on both the descriptive documents integration programs posted on the website of the Carrefour national de l’insertion professionnelle en enseignement (CNIPE) as well as a review of research. Ce texte présente un bref portrait des programmes d’insertion professionnelle mis en place dans les commissions scolaires québécoises ainsi qu’une analyse de (...)
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  41.  7
    The Unity of Reason: Essays in Kant’s Philosophy.Fred L. Rush, Dieter Henrich, Richard Velkley, Guenter Zoeller, Manfred Kuehn, Louis Hunt, Jeffrey Edwards, Eckart Forster, Abraham Anderson & Taylor Carman - 1994 - Journal of Philosophy 95 (3):149.
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  42.  18
    L’Hétérarchie de L’Intellect Général.Igor Krasavin - 2018 - Multitudes 70 (1):122.
    La métaphore initiale de l’intellect général était basée sur la comparaison entre l’organisation machinique du travail et le fonctionnement de l’esprit humain, matériellement réalisé par le cerveau. Dans la littérature théorique, l’intellect général apparaît à la fois comme la structure de connexion entre les connaissances et comme ce qui produit les valeurs. Nous le ré-éclairerons ici à la lumière de la notion d’hétérarchie, qui a émergé des premières théories du réseau neuronal artificiel, pour définir à la fois une structure de (...)
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  43.  98
    L'école québécoise et la «culture scolaire»: développement intégral de l'enfant, développement cognitif de l'élève et contextes éducatifs.Louis Levasseur - 2012 - Revue Phronesis 1 (4):71-83.
    . The reasoning behind the reforms to education that began in 2000-2001 in Québec stemmed in part from a need to put the focus on the student’s intellectual development, rather than on overall personal development, as was the case in the 1970s. At this point, has intellectual development truly become a priority in teaching? Without providing a definitive or categorical answer, the author argues that, in some settings, socialization is more important than instruction and, in some subjects, knowledge as a (...)
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  44.  26
    La dialectique de l’authenticité chez Walter Benjamin. Enjeux politiques et esthétiques.Christine Schmider - 2014 - Noesis 22:29-42.
    Notre contribution montre que malgré l’absence flagrante d’un usage explicite du terme dans la plupart des textes de Benjamin, la problématique de l’authenticité est un des enjeux les plus importants de sa pensée, à la fois comme concept esthétique, mais aussi comme objectif d’une philosophie de la connaissance qui en fait son idéal, tout en le mettant systématiquement en doute. La réflexion sur l’authenticité se décline dans tous les domaines de la pensée benjaminienne : l’art, l’histoire, la politique et la (...)
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  45.  38
    L’art et la nature. [REVIEW]Sophia Rousseau-Mermans Srm & Antoine C. Dussault - 2016 - la Vie des Idées 2016.
    L’idée d’une nature sauvage à protéger des avancées techniques ne prend en compte ni la complexité des artefacts, ni ce qu’implique aujourd’hui la protection de la nature. En mettant l’accent sur la notion de biodiversité, C. et R. Larrère cherchent à donner un nouveau fondement à l’écologie politique.
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  46.  89
    " L'indéfini" y la primera prueba cartesiana de la existencia de Dios.Mauricio Otaiza - 2012 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 29 (2):527-559.
    La primera prueba cartesiana de la existencia de Dios tiene como condición la certeza de la finitud del ego. Esta certeza se obtiene, a su vez, mediante actos por los cuales el ego conoce su propia finitud al compararse con una idea implícita de l’infini (Dios). Estos actos son la duda y el deseo. Sin embargo, estos importantes problemas exigen previamente el análisis de la ideas de l’infini y l’indéfini. Sostengo en este artículo que l’indéfini es el término que ocasionalmente (...)
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  47.  19
    Philosophie de l’esprit. État des lieux.Denis Fisette & Pierre Poirier - 2000 - Paris: Vrin.
    Cet ouvrage vise à délimiter le champ d'investigation de la philosophie de l'esprit. Il comprend huit chapitres. Le premier, le plus général, se veut une première délimitation du champ d'investigation de la philosophie de l'esprit à l'aide de ses trois concepts clés: l'intentionnalité, la rationalité et la conscience. Le chapitre suivant se veut une réflexion plus générale sur les motivations philosophiques qui commandent des jugements si opposés sur le statut ontologique et épistémologique de la psychologie du sens commun. Le chapitre (...)
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  48.  24
    La faute et son ralenti. Le cadrage temporel et visuel de l’action normée.Laurent Camus - 2017 - Temporalités. Revue de Sciences Sociales Et Humaines 25.
    Cet article s’interroge sur le lien réflexif entre la temporalité d’une rencontre sportive et celle de sa diffusion à la télévision en direct. À partir d’une enquête vidéo-ethnographique menée en régie auprès de techniciens de l’audiovisuel qui réalisent des matches de football, cet article propose d’étudier les pratiques professionnelles par lesquelles sont traitées les pauses d’une rencontre sportive. Nous montrons comment ces pauses, pour la plupart initiées par un coup de sifflet de l’arbitre, posent un problème pratique pour la télévision. (...)
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  49.  40
    « L'école rurale » et les études chinoises sur la gestion autonome villageoise.Xing Ying - 2007 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 122 (1):105.
    L’instauration d’élections dans les campagnes chinoises a favorisé l’émergence et l’essor d’un champ de recherche sur la gestion autonome villageoise. Cet article analyse les travaux d’une école de pensée, « l’École rurale », dont la plupart des chercheurs enseignent dans le Centre de la Chine. Décrivant les changements de perspective de cette École, l’auteur montre que son principal apport théorique est de relier l’autonomie villageoise à la question de la gouvernance dans les campagnes. Cependant, il critique l’École pour ses faiblesses (...)
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  50.  48
    Le recours à l'auditoire universel implique-t-il une pétition de principe?Guy Bouchard - 1980 - Philosophiques 7 (2):161-188.
    La nouvelle rhétorique de Perelman identifie plusieurs types d'auditoires, dont l'auditoire spécialisé (un groupe de physiciens, les adeptes d'une religion) et l'auditoire universel ("l'ensemble de ceux qui sont considérés comme des hommes raisonnables et compétents en la matière"). Ce dernier se distingue des autres par son caractère fictif, car il est une construction mentale de l'orateur. Il pourrait donc reposer sur une pétition de principe, c'est-à-dire sur une ou des prémisses que l'on suppose admises alors qu'elles ne le sont pas. (...)
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