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Manuel Knoll [63]Manuel Dr Knoll [2]
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Manuel Dr. Knoll
Turkish-German University Istanbul
  1. Heroic Art of Living: Nietzsche’s Rank Order of the Types of Life.Manuel Knoll - 2023 - In Nietzsche on the Art of Living. New Studies from the German-Speaking Nietzsche Research. Nashville: Orientation Press. pp. 183–97.
    The central aim of the present investigation is to shed light on Nietzsche’s understanding of happiness and a good life, starting from Nietzsche’s appropriation of Plato’s and Aristotle’s doctrine of a hierarchy of human beings and forms of life.
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  2. Nietzsches Begriff der Sozialen Gerechtigkeit.Manuel Knoll - 2009 - Nietzsche Studien (1973) 38 (1):156-181.
    Die Forschung hat bislang entweder bemängelt, dass Nietzsches Philosophie ein Begriff von szialer Gerechtigkeit fehlt oder had einen solchen kaum in den Blick bekommen. Im Gegensatz dazu argumentiert der Aufsatz dafür, dass der sozialen Gerechtigkeit in Nietzsches politischem Denken eine zentrale Rolle zukommt. Er zeigt, dass das antike Vorbild seiner Gerechtigkeitsauffasseng Platons Begriff der politischen Gerechrigkeit ist. Die Kernthese des Aufsatzes ist, dass diese Gerechtigkeitsauffassung in Nietzsches Konzeption einer guten Ordnung des Staates und der Gesellschaft enthalten oder verkörpert ist. eine (...)
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  3.  34
    Nietzsche as Political Philosopher.Manuel Knoll & Barry Stocker (eds.) - 2014 - Boston: De Gruyter.
  4.  15
    Aristotle on the Demise and Stability of Political Systems.Manuel Knoll - 2022 - Araucaria 24 (49).
    This article examines Aristotle’s theory of ‘factional conflict’ in Book 5 of the Politics and claims that it is mainly directed against the a-historical account of constitutional change Plato develops in the Republic. Aristotle’s investigation of the causes of stasis is oriented towards the normative political goal of stabilizing political orders and preventing their ‘change’ into different ones. This article argues that the constitution Aristotle calls ‘polity’ constitutes his solution to the challenge of stabilizing democracies and oligarchies. The paper also (...)
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  5.  51
    New Perspectives on Distributive Justice: Deep Disagreements, Pluralism, and the Problem of Consensus.Manuel Knoll, Stephen Snyder & Nurdane Şimşek (eds.) - 2018 - Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter.
    Focusing on the plurality of irreconcilable conceptions of social and political justice, this book presents an array of new perspectives on the topic of distributive justice. Bringing together 30 original essays of well-established and young international scholars, the volume is essential reading for anyone interested in social and political justice.
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  6. Aristóteles y el pensamiento político aristocrático.Manuel Knoll - 2017 - Revista de filosofía (Chile) 73:87-106.
    Una Según una influyente línea interpretativa sostiene que la mejor ciudad polis ideal de Aristóteles debe ser considerada como un gobierno constitucionaluna politeia (πολιτεία). Son eruditos alemanes quienes adoptan esta lecturaEsta corriente predomina aún hoy entre los eruditos alemanes.. En este grupo hay que incluir a Martha Nussbaum en tanto que aboga por una “socialdemocracia aristotélicaEn tanto paladina de la “social democracia aristotélica”, Martha Nussbaum pertenece también a esta línea exegética ”. En oposición a tales interpretaciones, este ensayo defiende la (...)
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  7.  17
    Nietzsches begriff der sozialen gerechtigkeit.Manuel Knoll - 2009 - Nietzsche Studien 38 (1):156-181.
    Up to now researchers have maintained that Nietzsche’s philosophy has no concept of social justice or have hardly noticed such a concept. On the contrary, this article argues that social justice plays an important role in Nietzsche’s political thinking. It shows that his conception of justice is modelled after Plato’s antique concept of political justice. The main thesis of the paper is that this conception is embodied in Nietzsche’s notion of a well-ordered state or society. An additional thesis concerns the (...)
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  8.  19
    Deep Disagreements on Social and Political Justice: Their Meta-Ethical Relevance and the Need for a New Research Perspective.Manuel Knoll - 2018 - In Manuel Knoll, Stephen Snyder & Nurdane Şimşek (eds.), New Perspectives on Distributive Justice: Deep Disagreements, Pluralism, and the Problem of Consensus. Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter. pp. 23-52.
    This article starts off with a historical section showing that deep disagreements among notions of social and political justice are a characteristic feature of the history of political thought. Since no agreement or consensus on distributive justice is possible, the article argues that political philosophers should – instead of continuously proposing new normative theories of justice – focus on analyzing the reasons, significance, and consequences of such kinds of disagreements. The next two sections are analytical. The first sketches five possible (...)
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  9.  17
    Michael Walzer’s Republican Theory of Distributive Justice.Manuel Knoll - 2019 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 19 (1):81-98.
    This article presents a republican interpretation of Michael Walzer’s theory of distributive justice and of his idea of complex equality. It demonstrates that Spheres of Justice is not only a defense of pluralism and equality, but also of liberty or freedom. Like Quentin Skinner and Philip Pettit, Walzer understands liberty as non-domination. For Walzer, a just distribution of all social goods leads to a “complex egalitarian society” in which every citizen is equally free from domination and tyranny. Against alternative interpretations, (...)
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  10. Machiavelli’s realist image of humanity and his justification of the state.Manuel Knoll - 2018 - Filozofija I Društvo 29 (2):182-201.
    This article examines Machiavelli’s image of humanity. It argues against the prevailing views that characterize it either as pessimistic or optimistic and defends the thesis that the Florentine has a realist image of humanity. Machiavelli is a psychological egoist who conceives of man as a being whose actions are motivated by his drives, appetites, and passions, which lead him often to immoral behavior. Man’s main drives are “ambition” (ambizione) and “avarice” (avarizia). This article also investigates Machiavelli’s concept of nature and (...)
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  11. Deep Disagreements on Values, Justice, and Moral Issues: Towards an Ethics of Disagreement.Manuel Knoll - 2020 - TRAMES 24 (3):315–338.
    Scholars have long recognized the existence of myriad widespread deep disagreements on values, justice, morality, and ethics. In order to come to terms with such deep disagreements, resistant to rational solution, this article asserts the need for developing an ethics of disagreement. The reality that theoretical disagreements often turn into practical conflicts is a major justification for why such an ethics is necessary. This paper outlines an ethics of deep disagreement that is primarily conceived of as a form of virtue (...)
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  12. Aristotle on the Demise and Stability of Political Systems.Manuel Knoll - 2022 - Araucaria 25 (49):393–412. Translated by Knoll Manuel.
    This article examines Aristotle’s theory of ‘factional conflict’ (stasis) in Book 5 of the Politics and claims that it is mainly directed against the a-historical account of constitutional change Plato develops in the Republic. Aristotle’s investigation of the causes of stasis is oriented towards the normative political goal of stabilizing political orders and preventing their ‘change’ (metabolê) into different ones. This article argues that the constitution Aristotle calls ‘polity’ (politeia) constitutes his solution to the challenge of stabilizing democracies and oligarchies. (...)
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  13.  45
    Aristóteles y el pensamiento político aristocrático.Manuel Knoll - 2017 - Revista de Filosofía 73:87-106.
    Según una influyente línea interpretativa, la mejor polis de Aristóteles debe ser considerada una politeia. Esta corriente predomina aún hoy entre los eruditos alemanes. En tanto paladina de la “social democracia aristotélica”, Martha Nussbaum pertenece también a esta línea exegética. En oposición a tales interpretaciones, este ensayo defiende la tesis de que Aristóteles pertenece a la tradición de pensamiento político aristocrático. Esta tradición se remonta a Teognis, Heráclito y Platón y se inicia como una crítica dirigida tanto a la decadencia (...)
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  14.  15
    An Interpretation of the Deep Disagreement between Plato and Protagoras from the Perspective of Contemporary Meta-Ethics and Political Epistemology.Manuel Knoll - 2023 - Philosophies 8 (5):90.
    Since the early 20th century, two new disciplines emerged in the tradition of analytic philosophy: meta-ethics and political epistemology. Nevertheless, debates on such questions go back to the ancient Greeks and, in particular, to the debates between Plato and Protagoras. This article elucidates the controversy between Plato and the influential sophist Protagoras from the perspective of contemporary meta-ethics and political epistemology. It argues that the main motivation of Plato’s philosophical endeavors is to overcome Protagoras’s skeptical claims that no moral facts (...)
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  15. The Cardinal Role of Respect and Self-Respect for Rawls’s and Walzer’s Theories of Justice.Manuel Knoll - 2017 - In Elena Irrera & Giovanni Giorgini (eds.), The Roots of Respect: A Historic-Philosophical Itinerary. De Gruyter. pp. 207-224.
    The cardinal role that notions of respect and self-respect play in Rawls’s A Theory of Justice has already been abundantly examined in the literature. In contrast, it has hardly been noticed that these notions are also central to Michael Walzer’s Spheres of Justice. Respect and self-respect are not only central topics of his chapter “Recognition”, but constitute a central aim of a “complex egalitarian society” and of Walzer’s theory of justice. This paper substantiates this thesis and elucidates Walzer’s criticism of (...)
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  16. 8. Der Status der Bürger, der Frauen, der Fremden und der Sklaven in Magnesia.Manuel Knoll - 2013 - In Christoph Horn (ed.), Platon: Gesetze/Nomoi. Berlin: De Gruyter. pp. 143-164.
    This article examines the role of citiziens, women, metics, and slaves in Magnesia, the new city Plato outlines in his "Nomoi".
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  17. Nietzsche’s Perspectivism as an Epistemological and Meta-Ethical Position.Manuel Knoll - 2021 - Nietzscheforschung 28 (1):263-287.
    In the recent literature, it has been argued that Nietzsche’s perspectivism should not be reconstructed as an epistemological position. This article criticizes both this view and interpretations that reduce perspectivism to a theory of knowledge. It claims that “perspectivism” is also an appropriate name for Nietzsche’s meta-ethical position. The paper argues that Nietzsche should be interpreted as an anti-realist and moral skeptic. Its epistemological claim is that Nietzsche perspectivism provides a hermeneutic method that allows the human animal to achieve knowledge (...)
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  18.  6
    Martha C. Nussbaum. Ein Porträt.Manuel Knoll - 2023 - In Günter Gödde, Jörg Zirfas & Eike Brock (eds.), Leiden und Lebenskunst: Biographisch-philosophische Studien zu Krisen, Therapien und Wandlungen. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 395-407.
    Der vorliegende Aufsatz ist ein Porträt von Martha C. Nussbaum, das die enorme Vielfalt ihres wissenschaftlichen Werks und ihrer Veröffentlichungen als Public Intellectual beleuchtet. Nussbaums Denken, das sich auch als Reaktion auf schmerzhafte Erfahrungen und als Widerstand gegen ihre soziale und kulturelle Herkunft interpretieren lässt, kann als feministisch, moralistisch, egalitaristisch und anti-elitär charakterisiert werden. Der vorliegende Text thematisiert Nussbaums Biografie, ihren intellektuellen Werdegang, und fokussiert auf folgende Themen: ihre Faszination für die antike Philosophie, ihren Fähigkeiten-Ansatz, ihren feministischen Liberalismus, ihre Philosophie (...)
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  19. Sphären der Gerechtigkeit: Ein kooperativer Kommentar (Preface by M. Walzer).Manuel Knoll & Michael Spieker (eds.) - 2014 - Steiner Verlag.
     
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  20.  31
    Martha Nussbaum and Aristotle on Distributive Justice and Equality.Manuel Knoll - 2022 - Polis 39 (3):498-526.
    This article gives a detailed analysis of Nussbaum’s ‘capabilities approach’ and her claim that it is a genuinely Aristotelian contemporary po-litical philosophy. The paper examines how Nussbaum bases her ‘capabilities approach’ on human nature and questions her assertion that both Aristotle’s account of human nature and her own approach are not metaphysical. In order to analyze the normative dimension of Nussbaum’s ‘capabilities approach’, this article focuses on Aristotle’s doctrine of distributive justice and equality. It shows how Nussbaum adopts and modifies (...)
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  21.  12
    Aristotle’s Understanding of Democratic Justice and His Distinction between Two Kinds of Equality: A Response.Manuel Knoll - 2023 - Polis 40 (2):210-220.
    This short article is a response to Douglas Cairns, Mirko Canevaro, and Kleanthis Mantzouranis, who in Polis 39 (2022) explicitly criticize both of my previous interpretations of Aristotle’s view of democratic justice and of the relation of proportional and numerical equality. Against Cairns et al., I argue that there is no tension or contradiction between Aristotle’s statements on these two kinds of equality and on democratic justice. The paper suggests a new reading of Aristotle’s texts that strictly distinguishes between Aristotle’s (...)
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  22.  24
    Introduction: Two Opposing Conceptions of Distributive Justice.Nurdane Şimşek, Stephen Snyder & Manuel Knoll - 2018 - In Manuel Knoll, Stephen Snyder & Nurdane Şimşek (eds.), New Perspectives on Distributive Justice: Deep Disagreements, Pluralism, and the Problem of Consensus. Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter. pp. 1-20.
    The concept of distributive justice and its history are far more complex than most contemporary scholars are aware of. This introduction to the volume "New Perspectives on Distributive Justice" elucides the different meanings of the concept in the tradition of Plato and Aristotle on the one hand, and in contemporary political philosophy on the other.
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  23.  23
    Author Index.Nurdane Şimsek, Stephen Snyder & Manuel Knoll - 2018 - In Manuel Knoll, Stephen Snyder & Nurdane Şimşek (eds.), New Perspectives on Distributive Justice: Deep Disagreements, Pluralism, and the Problem of Consensus. Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter. pp. 545-550.
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  24.  14
    List of Abbreviations.Nurdane Şimsek, Stephen Snyder & Manuel Knoll - 2018 - In Manuel Knoll, Stephen Snyder & Nurdane Şimşek (eds.), New Perspectives on Distributive Justice: Deep Disagreements, Pluralism, and the Problem of Consensus. Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter.
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  25.  19
    Notes on Contributors.Nurdane Şimsek, Stephen Snyder & Manuel Knoll - 2018 - In Manuel Knoll, Stephen Snyder & Nurdane Şimşek (eds.), New Perspectives on Distributive Justice: Deep Disagreements, Pluralism, and the Problem of Consensus. Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter. pp. 541-544.
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  26.  18
    Subject Index.Nurdane Şimsek, Stephen Snyder & Manuel Knoll - 2018 - In Manuel Knoll, Stephen Snyder & Nurdane Şimşek (eds.), New Perspectives on Distributive Justice: Deep Disagreements, Pluralism, and the Problem of Consensus. Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter. pp. 551-564.
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  27.  18
    Table of Contents.Nurdane Şimsek, Stephen Snyder & Manuel Knoll - 2018 - In Manuel Knoll, Stephen Snyder & Nurdane Şimşek (eds.), New Perspectives on Distributive Justice: Deep Disagreements, Pluralism, and the Problem of Consensus. Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter.
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  28.  27
    Does Rawls’s First Principle of Justice Allow for Consensus? A Note.Nurdane Şimşek & Manuel Knoll - 2018 - In Manuel Knoll, Stephen Snyder & Nurdane Şimşek (eds.), New Perspectives on Distributive Justice: Deep Disagreements, Pluralism, and the Problem of Consensus. Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter. pp. 127-130.
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  29.  18
    Frontmatter.Nurdane Şimsek, Stephen Snyder & Manuel Knoll - 2018 - In Manuel Knoll, Stephen Snyder & Nurdane Şimşek (eds.), New Perspectives on Distributive Justice: Deep Disagreements, Pluralism, and the Problem of Consensus. Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter.
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  30.  7
    14. Anhang.Manuel Knoll - 2017 - In Antike Griechische Philosophie. De Gruyter. pp. 363-398.
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  31.  16
    10. Aristoteles: Die Naturphilosophie und die Metaphysik.Manuel Knoll - 2017 - In Antike Griechische Philosophie. De Gruyter. pp. 255-276.
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  32.  12
    Antike Griechische Philosophie.Manuel Knoll - 2017 - Boston: De Gruyter.
    Manuel Knoll führt in diesem Studienbuch in die griechische Philosophie sowie deren kontroverse Interpretationen ein. Die Darstellung ist dabei klar und an der neuesten Forschung orientiert. Einen Schwerpunkt bilden die antike Ethik und politische Philosophie. Ausführlich behandelt werden jedoch auch die frühgriechische Philosophie, die Sophisten und Sokrates, Platons Ideentheorie und die Metaphysik, Theologie und Naturphilosophie des Aristoteles. Das Buch präsentiert zudem die Naturphilosophie und Ethik der Epikureer und der Stoiker. Die Serviceteile des Buchs informieren über Quellensammlungen, Nachschlagewerke und Literatur und (...)
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  33.  8
    11. Aristoteles: Psychologie, Ethik und politische Philosophie.Manuel Knoll - 2017 - In Antike Griechische Philosophie. De Gruyter. pp. 277-304.
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  34.  7
    4. Die ewigen Bausteine der Dinge der Welt: Empedokles, Anaxagoras und die Atomisten.Manuel Knoll - 2017 - In Antike Griechische Philosophie. De Gruyter. pp. 97-124.
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  35.  7
    1. Die Geburt der griechischen Philosophie: Hesiod und Thales.Manuel Knoll - 2017 - In Antike Griechische Philosophie. De Gruyter. pp. 13-36.
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  36.  15
    12. Die hellenistische Philosophie: Stoa, Epikur und Skepsis.Manuel Knoll - 2017 - In Antike Griechische Philosophie. De Gruyter. pp. 305-342.
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  37.  10
    6. Die jüngeren Sophisten: Gleichheit oder Ungleichheit der Menschen?Manuel Knoll - 2017 - In Antike Griechische Philosophie. De Gruyter. pp. 147-170.
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  38.  8
    5. Die älteren Sophisten: Protagoras und Gorgias.Manuel Knoll - 2017 - In Antike Griechische Philosophie. De Gruyter. pp. 125-146.
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  39.  7
    2. Die milesische Kosmologie und die frühe italische Philosophie.Manuel Knoll - 2017 - In Antike Griechische Philosophie. De Gruyter. pp. 37-62.
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  40.  11
    Frontmatter.Manuel Knoll - 2017 - In Antike Griechische Philosophie. De Gruyter. pp. 1-4.
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  41.  8
    3. Heraklit, Parmenides und die eleatische Schule.Manuel Knoll - 2017 - In Antike Griechische Philosophie. De Gruyter. pp. 63-96.
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  42.  10
    Inhalt.Manuel Knoll - 2017 - In Antike Griechische Philosophie. De Gruyter. pp. 5-8.
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  43.  22
    Martha Nussbaum und Aristoteles.Manuel Knoll - 2015 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 101 (1):32-51.
    This paper gives a detailed analysis of Nussbaum's,,capabilities approach“ and her claim that it is a genuinely Aristotelian contemporary political philosophy. The paper comprehensively examines how Nussbaum bases her approach on human nature and questions her assertion that Aristotle's account of human nature and her approach are not metaphysical. It analyses the normative dimension of her,,capabilities approach“ and shows how she adopts and modifies Aristotle's doctrine of distributive justice in an egalitarian way. With reference to contemporary literature on Aristotle's _Politics_, (...)
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  44.  18
    Michael Walzer: Sphären der Gerechtigkeit ein kooperativer Kommentar.Manuel Knoll & Michael Spieker (eds.) - 2014 - Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.
    Was bedeutet soziale und politische Gerechtigkeit? Wie konnen der Sozialstaat und die dazu notigen Umverteilungen von Einkommen und Vermogen gerechtfertigt werden? Uber diese Fragen wurde in den letzten Jahrzehnten ausgiebig geforscht und diskutiert. Die vielleicht bemerkenswertesten Antworten prasentierte der amerikanische Philosoph Michael Walzer in seinem 1983 erschienenen Werk Spheres of Justice. Die funfzehn Beitrage des Bandes kommentieren die verschiedenen Massstabe einer gerechten Verteilung, die Walzer fur Guter bzw. Spharen wie Staatsburgerschaft, Wohlfahrt und Sicherheit, Geld, Amter, Arbeit, Freizeit, Bildung, Anerkennung und (...)
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  45. Nietzsches "aristokratischer Radikalismus" : seine Konzeption des Menschen, der Verteilungsgerechtigkeit und des Staates.Manuel Knoll - 2010 - In Hans-Martin Schönherr-Mann (ed.), Der Wille zur Macht und die "grosse Politik": Friedrich Nietzsches Staatsverständnis. Baden-Baden: Nomos.
     
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  46.  14
    Nietzsche’s Jewish Problem and Great Politics: The Continued Research Interest in his Political Thought.Manuel Knoll - 2018 - Nietzsche Studien 47 (1):473-487.
    After presenting an overview of the research on Nietzsche’s political thought, this article discusses Robert C. Holub’s book Nietzsche’s Jewish Problem. While Holub talks about Nietzsche’s “eugenic calculations”, he does not mention his notion of a “great politics”, which aims at breeding superior humans. This notion is central for Hugo Drochon’s Nietzsche’s Great Politics and Gary Shapiro’s Nietzsche’s Earth. Great Events, Great Politics, which are critically examined in the article. Shapiro’s “postmodern” interpretation of Nietzsche’s thought neglects Zarathustra’s crucial statement that (...)
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  47.  8
    Niccolo Machiavelli: die Geburt des Staates.Manuel Knoll & Stefano Saracino (eds.) - 2010 - Stuttgart: Steiner.
    English summary: How Niccolo Machiavelli is to be understood is still passionately argued today. The many facets of his political thought correspond to the diversity of perspectives among his interpreters. The authors of this interdisciplinary volume analyze Machiavelli's works in connection with transformations of thought on policy, rule and morality from the beginning of the early modern period through to the present. In addition to the interpretation of Machiavelli through the lens of his time, effects of his writings and thought (...)
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  48.  8
    On the Rationalization of Ancient Greek Theology: The Purge of Anthropomorphism from Hesiod to Plato and Aristotle.Manuel Knoll - 2022 - In Giovanni Giorgini & Elena Irrera (eds.), God, Religion and Society in Ancient Thought: From Early Greek Philosophy to Augustine. Academia – ein Verlag in der Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft. pp. 45-62.
    This article examines the development of ancient Greek theological thought from Hesiod to Aristotle. It argues against Aristotle’s and John Burnet’s accounts of the advance of early Greek philosophy. Complementing Werner Jaeger’s views, the paper claims that there is a process of rationalization within ancient Greek theology which does not progress in a linear fashion. Rationalization is defined as demystification and demythologization. The degree of ‘rationality’ of a theological view depends primarily on its degree of anthropomorphism. The less human characteristics (...)
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  49.  16
    8. Platon: Die Theorie der Erkenntnis, der Ideen und der Seele.Manuel Knoll - 2017 - In Antike Griechische Philosophie. De Gruyter. pp. 199-228.
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  50.  11
    9. Platon: Die Theorie der Tüchtigkeit, der Glückseligkeit und der Polis.Manuel Knoll - 2017 - In Antike Griechische Philosophie. De Gruyter. pp. 229-254.
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