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Gary Mar [19]Raymond A. Mar [9]Maksymilian Del Mar [9]Gary R. Mar [4]
Khyne U. Mar [2]Gary Ronald Mar [1]G. Mar [1] Mar [1]

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Maksymilian Del Mar
Queen Mary University of London
Gary Mar
State University of New York, Stony Brook
Maricel Mar
San Jose State University
  1. Lay Denial of Knowledge for Justified True Beliefs.Jennifer Nagel, Valerie San Juan & Raymond A. Mar - 2013 - Cognition 129 (3):652-661.
    Intuitively, there is a difference between knowledge and mere belief. Contemporary philosophical work on the nature of this difference has focused on scenarios known as “Gettier cases.” Designed as counterexamples to the classical theory that knowledge is justified true belief, these cases feature agents who arrive at true beliefs in ways which seem reasonable or justified, while nevertheless seeming to lack knowledge. Prior empirical investigation of these cases has raised questions about whether lay people generally share philosophers’ intuitions about these (...)
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  2.  30
    Psychological Entropy: A Framework for Understanding Uncertainty-Related Anxiety.Jacob B. Hirsh, Raymond A. Mar & Jordan B. Peterson - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (2):304-320.
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  3. Authentic Gettier Cases: A Reply to Starmans and Friedman.Jennifer Nagel, Valerie San Juan & Raymond Mar - 2013 - Cognition 129 (3):666-669.
    Do laypeople and philosophers differ in their attributions of knowledge? Starmans and Friedman maintain that laypeople differ from philosophers in taking ‘authentic evidence’ Gettier cases to be cases of knowledge. Their reply helpfully clarifies the distinction between ‘authentic evidence’ and ‘apparent evidence’. Using their sharpened presentation of this distinction, we contend that the argument of our original paper still stands.
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  4.  67
    How Daydreaming Relates to Life Satisfaction, Loneliness, and Social Support: The Importance of Gender and Daydream Content.Raymond A. Mar, Malia F. Mason & Aubrey Litvack - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):401-407.
    Daydreaming appears to have a complex relationship with life satisfaction and happiness. Here we demonstrate that the facets of daydreaming that predict life satisfaction differ between men and women , that the content of daydreams tends to be social others , and that who we daydream about influences the relation between daydreaming and happiness variables like life satisfaction, loneliness, and perceived social support . Specifically, daydreaming about people not close to us predicts more loneliness and less perceived social support, whereas (...)
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  5.  50
    Exploring the Link Between Reading Fiction and Empathy: Ruling Out Individual Differences and Examining Outcomes.Jordan B. Peterson, Keith Oatley & Raymond A. Mar - 2009 - Communications 34 (4):407-428.
    Readers of fiction tend to have better abilities of empathy and theory of mind. We present a study designed to replicate this finding, rule out one possible explanation, and extend the assessment of social outcomes. In order to rule out the role of personality, we first identified Openness as the most consistent correlate. This trait was then statistically controlled for, along with two other important individual differences: the tendency to be drawn into stories and gender. Even after accounting for these (...)
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  6.  75
    Emotion and Narrative Fiction: Interactive Influences Before, During, and After Reading.Raymond A. Mar, Keith Oatley, Maja Djikic & Justin Mullin - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (5):818-833.
  7.  13
    The Philosophical Computer Exploratory Essays in Philosophical Computer Modeling.Patrick Grim, Gary Mar & Paul St Denis - 1998 - Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    This book is an introduction, entirely by example, to the possibilities of using computer models as tools in phosophical research in general and in philosophical logic in particular. Topics include chaos, fractals, and the semantics of paradox; epistemic dynamics; fractal images of formal systems; the evolution of generosity; real-valued game theory; and computation and undecidability in the spatialized Prisoner's Dilemma.
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  8.  38
    Personal Narratives as the Highest Level of Cognitive Integration.Jacob B. Hirsh, Raymond A. Mar & Jordan B. Peterson - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):216-217.
  9.  22
    Driver of Discontent or Escape Vehicle: The Affective Consequences of Mindwandering.Malia F. Mason, Kevin Brown, Raymond A. Mar & Jonathan Smallwood - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  10.  16
    Common Virtue and the Perspectival Imagination: Adam Smith and Common Law Reasoning.Maksymilian Del Mar - 2018 - Jurisprudence 9 (1):58-70.
    This paper considers the similarities between Adam Smith's device of the impartial spectator and the use of perspectival devices in common law reasoning. The paper adopts a reading of Smith's device as one involving the exercise of imaginative sympathy by an ordinarily virtuous, and culturally and historically situated, spectator who does not have a stake in the outcome of the scene being evaluated. The point here is to show that the impartial spectator is 1) a device of common, ordinary virtue (...)
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  11. Pattern and Chaos: New Images in the Semantics of Paradox.Gary Mar & Patrick Grim - 1991 - Noûs 25 (5):659-693.
  12.  33
    The Forward-Looking Requirement of Formal Justice: Neil MacCormick on Consequential Reasoning.Maksymilian Del Mar - 2015 - Jurisprudence 6 (3):429-450.
    This paper discusses a much-neglected aspect of Neil MacCormick's theory of legal reasoning, namely what he calls ‘consequential reasoning’. For MacCormick, consequential reasoning is both an omnipresent feature of legal reasoning in England and Scotland, as well as being a valuable one. MacCormick articulates the value of consequential reasoning by seeing it as contributing to the forward-looking requirement of formal justice, ie, of deciding the instant case on grounds that one is willing to adopt when deciding future similar cases. This (...)
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  13.  9
    Marmor’s Social Conventions: The Limits of Practical Reason.Maksymilian Del Mar - 2011 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (3):420-445.
    This essay argues that the practical reason approach to the study of social conventions fails to adequately account for the fluency of social action in environments that we experience as familiar. The practical reason approach, articulated most recently in Andrei Marmor’s Social Conventions: From Language to Law does help us, though not wholly adequately, to understand how we tend to react to, and experience, unfamiliar situations or unfamiliar behaviors, that is, those situations in which a certain practice becomes problematic or (...)
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  14.  89
    On Situations and the World: A Problem for Barwise and Etchemendy.Patrick Grim & Gary Mar - 1989 - Analysis 49 (3):143 - 148.
  15.  20
    The Mystery of Capital and the Construction of Social Reality – Edited by Barry Smith, David M. Mark and Isaac Ehrlich.Maksymilian Del Mar - 2009 - Dialectica 63 (3):365-368.
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  16.  61
    What Euthyphro Couldn’T Have Said.James G. Hanink & Gary R. Mar - 1987 - Faith and Philosophy 4 (3):241-261.
    In this paper we argue for a simple version of Divine Command Morality, namely that an act’s being morally right consists in its being in accord with God’s will, and an act’s being morally wrong consists in its being contrary to God’s will. In so arguing, we contend that this simple version of Divine Command Morality is not subject to the Euthyphro dilemma, either as Plato or as contemporary critics have ordinarily proposed it. Nor, we maintain, is our position incompatible (...)
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  17.  30
    An Essay on Divine Authority.Gary Mar - 2005 - Faith and Philosophy 22 (2):251-254.
  18.  29
    Deconstructing Empathy.Raymond A. Mar - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (1):113-114.
    The heterogeneous nature of the empathy construct demands that neuroscience investigations into this topic employ methods directed at uncovering multiple processes. This article touches upon some of the methods most appropriate for empathy research, and closes by arguing for a better distinction between perception and imagination during the initial stage of an empathic response.
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  19.  14
    Evolutionary Game Theory, Morality, and Darwinism.Gary Mar - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):1-2.
    Should evolution replace rational choice as the guiding paradigm for game theory? Evolutionary game theory provides an intriguing perspective from which to critique the hyper-rational assumptions of classical economic game theory. In contrast to economic game theory, evolutionary game theory is better suited to descriptive rather than normative domains. It is argued that a pluralism of paradigms holds the best promise for theoretical innovation in game theory.
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  20.  31
    The Jónsson-Kiefer Property.Kira Adaricheva, Ralph Mckenzie, Eric Richard Zenk, M. Mar & James B. Nation - 2006 - Studia Logica 83 (1-3):111-131.
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  21.  3
    Mark C. Murphy: An Essay on Divine Authority.Gary Mar - 2005 - Faith and Philosophy 22 (2):251-254.
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  22.  38
    Why “Cantorian” Arguments Against the Existence of God Do Not Work.Gary Mar - 1993 - International Philosophical Quarterly 33 (4):429-442.
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  23. 16 Giants in Chains.of Asian Elephants In Captivity, Fred Kurt, Khyne U. Mar & Marion E. Garai - 2008 - In Christen M. Wemmer & Catherine A. Christen (eds.), Elephants and Ethics: Toward a Morality of Coexistence. Johns Hopkins University Press.
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  24. Dynamic Evaluation of the Comparative Effectiveness of an Integrated Program for Heart Failure Care.Ania Gorostiza, Arantzazu Arrospide, Igor Larrañaga, Aitziber Barandiarán, Adolfo Ruiz de Austri, Oliver Ibarrondo & Javier Mar - forthcoming - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.
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  25. REVIEWS-The Philosophical Computer.P. Grim, G. Mar, P. St Denis & Petr Hajek - 2000 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 6 (3):347-348.
  26. The Philosopher's Annual, Volume 22.Patrick Grim, Kenneth Baynes & Gary Mar (eds.) - 2001 - Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
    _The Philosopher's Annual_ attempts to select the ten best articles published in philosophy the previous year. Impossible? Yes. By attempting the impossible this collection calls attention to truly exceptional critiques from the philosophical field. This is the 22nd volume of the series, collecting outstanding work from the philosophy literature of 1999. Each year the members of the distinguished nominating board are asked to name three papers that most impressed them from the literature of the previous year. No limitations are placed (...)
     
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  27. The Philosopher's Annual, Volume 24.Patrick Grim, Peter Ludlow & Gary Mar (eds.) - 2003 - Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
    This latest volume of _The Philosopher's Annual_ presents the ten best articles published in the field during 2001. No limitations are placed on the articles' sources, subject matter or mode of treatment, providing for a diverse collection of engaging, high-caliber work that stands as a valuable sample of contemporary philosophy. This year's volume includes papers by Robert Bernasconi, Hans Halvorson, Christopher Hitchcock, Ignacio Jane, Brian Leiter, Liam Murphy and Thomas Nagel, Joel Pust, Alison Simmons, Jason Stanley and Timothy Williamson, and (...)
     
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  28. The Philosopher's Annual, Volume 23.Patrick Grim, Kenneth Baynes, Peter Ludlow & Gary Mar (eds.) - 2002 - Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
    Each year, _The Philosopher's Annual_ presents the ten best articles published in the field of philosophy during the previous twelve months—with the absence of limits on the articles' sources, subject matter, or modes of treatment making for a very diverse collection of engaging, high-caliber work. This year's volume includes papers by Katalin Balog, Tyler Burge, Cheshire Calhoun, Sally Haslanger, Thomas Hofweber, Philip Kitcher, Charles G. Morgan, Thomas W. Pogge, James Pryor, and Elliott Sober.
     
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  29. Logic: Techniques of Formal Reasoning.Donald Kalish, Richard Montague & Gary Mar - 1964 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Logic: Techniques of Formal Reasoning, 2/e is an introductory volume that teaches students to recognize and construct correct deductions. It takes students through all logical steps--from premise to conclusion--and presents appropriate symbols and terms, while giving examples to clarify principles. Logic, 2/e uses models to establish the invalidity of arguments, and includes exercise sets throughout, ranging from easy to challenging. Solutions are provided to selected exercises, and historical remarks discuss major contributions to the theories covered.
     
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  30. Giants in Chains : History, Biology, and Preservation of Asian Elephants in Captivity.Fred Kurt, Khyne U. Mar & Marion E. Garaï - 2008 - In Christen M. Wemmer & Catherine A. Christen (eds.), Elephants and Ethics: Toward a Morality of Coexistence. Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 327--345.
     
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  31.  35
    Alberto Coffa. Carnap, Tarski and the Search for Truth. Noûs, Vol. 21 , Pp. 547–572.Gary Mar - 1988 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (4):1252-1253.
  32. Acceptability in France of Induced Abortion for Adolescents. Mar - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (8):26 – 32.
    Background : This study investigated the factors affecting the acceptability in France of abortions. Method : 80 study participants from Toulouse and 124 from Metz judged the acceptability of abortion in 64 vignettes composed of five factors: 1) the adolescent's age (15 or 17.5 years), 2) the adolescent's plans to continue schooling or not, 3) the fetus' age (1, 2, 3, or 4 months), 4) the adolescent's parents' agreement or not, and 5) the agreement or not of baby's father. Results: (...)
     
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  33.  46
    Creativity and Imagination in the Practice of Philosophy.Maksymilian Del Mar - 2008 - Swiss Philosophical Preprints.
    This paper argues that the exercise of the imagination requires us 1) to attempt to describe features of a certain practice that appear, at first blush, natural and obvious; 2) to understand that that which appears natural and obvious could be otherwise; and 3) to be open to the introduction of changes to that which appears natural and obvious. Imagination, in this sense, is quite different to creativity. The latter works on the basis of the introduction of variations to settled (...)
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  34.  62
    Concerted Practices and the Presence of Obligations: Joint Action in Competition Law and Social Philosophy.Maksymilian Del Mar - 2011 - Law and Philosophy 30 (1):105 - 140.
    This paper considers whether, and if so how, the modelling of joint action in social philosophy – principally in the work of Margaret Gilbert and Michael Bratman – might assist in understanding and applying the concept of concerted practices in European competition law. More specifically, the paper focuses on a well-known difficulty in the application of that concept, namely, distinguishing between concerted practice and rational or intelligent adaptation in oligopolistic markets. The paper argues that although Bratman's model of joint action (...)
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  35.  11
    Chinese Virtues, Four Prisons, and the Way On.Gary R. Mar - 2019 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 46 (1-2):97-118.
    Journal of Chinese Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  36.  14
    Destiny and Deliberation: Essays on Philosophical Theology, by Jonathan L. Kvanvig.: Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Gary Mar - 2013 - Mind 122 (488):1130-1134.
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  37.  18
    Divine Foreknowledge and Human Freedom: The Coherence of Theism.Gary Mar - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 45 (3):606-607.
    This book addresses two questions: "How is genuine future contingency compatible with divine foreknowledge?" and "How is foreknowledge possible?" Craig attempts to reconcile future contingency within the constraints of a Biblically informed conception of God. This volume, a companion to Craig's historical survey The Problem of Divine Foreknowledge and Future Contingents from Aristotle to Suarez, is in contrast to that study, is a synoptic and critical survey of the recent literature on theological fatalism. It discusses such intriguing related topics as (...)
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  38.  8
    Episodic Memory Solves Both Social and Nonsocial Problems, and Evolved to Fulfill Many Different Functions.Raymond A. Mar & R. Nathan Spreng - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  39.  13
    Judging Virtuously: Developing an Empathic Capacity for Perceptual Sensitivity.Maksymilian Del Mar - 2014 - Jurisprudence 5 (1):196-208.
    Judging Virtuously: Developing an Empathic Capacity for Perceptual Sensitivity: A Review of Amalia Amaya and Ho Hock Lai , Law, Virtue and Justice.
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  40.  54
    Ley y religión en el Imperio Cristiano (s. IV y V).Marcos Mar - 2004 - 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones 9:51-68.
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  41.  18
    Must We Play to Win? A Reply to Morgan.Maksymilian Del Mar - 2015 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 45 (2):266-272.
    This paper offers a brief reply to William Morgan’s critique of my review of Andrei Marmor’s Social Conventions . Morgan’s principal critique is that I am wrong to think that the constitutive rules of games do not determine their aims and values. In particular, with regards to chess, Morgan argues that the rules of chess determine that the aim of playing chess is to win the game. I defend my position that one can play the game of chess without the (...)
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  42.  22
    On the Nature and Existence of God.Gary R. Mar - 1992 - International Philosophical Quarterly 32 (4):530-532.
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  43.  23
    Preface: Building, Mending, and Breaching Walls.Gary R. Mar - 2017 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 44 (1-2):94-96.
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  44. Real Life.Gary Mar - manuscript
    In Conway's Game of Life every cell is either fully alive (has the value of 1) or completey dead (has the value of 0). In Real Life this restriction to bivalence is lieft to countenance "real-valued" degrees of life and death. real Life contains Conway's Game of Life as a special case; however, Real Life, in contrast to Conway's Game of Life, exhbits sensitive dependence on initial conditions which is characteristics of chaotic systems.
     
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  45.  20
    Review of “Logic, Logic and Logic”. [REVIEW]Gary Mar - 2000 - Essays in Philosophy 1 (2):10.
  46.  1
    Review of Logic, Logic and Logic, by George Boolos. [REVIEW]Gary Mar - 2000 - Essays in Philosophy 1 (2):138-141.
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  47. The Modal Unity of Anselm’s Proslogion.Gary Mar - 1996 - Faith and Philosophy 13 (1):50-67.
    Anselm claimed that his Proslogion was a “single argument” sufficient to prove “that God truly exists,” that God is “the supreme good requiring nothing else,” as well as to prove “whatever we believe regarding the divine Being.” In this paper we show how Anselm’s argument in the Proslogion and in his Reply to Gaunilo can be reconstructed as a single argument. A logically elegant result is that the various stages of Anselm’s argument are validated by standard axioms from contemporary modal (...)
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  48. The Smithian Categorical Imperative.Maksymilian Del Mar - 2012 - Archiv für Rechts- Und Sozialphilosophie 98:233-254.
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  49. The Worship of Augustus Caesar. [REVIEW]Alexander Del Mar - 1902 - Ancient Philosophy (Misc) 12:318.
     
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  50.  84
    What the Liar Taught Achilles.Gary Mar & Paul St Denis - 1999 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 28 (1):29-46.
    Zeno's paradoxes of motion and the semantic paradoxes of the Liar have long been thought to have metaphorical affinities. There are, in fact, isomorphisms between variations of Zeno's paradoxes and variations of the Liar paradox in infinite-valued logic. Representing these paradoxes in dynamical systems theory reveals fractal images and provides other geometric ways of visualizing and conceptualizing the paradoxes.
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