Results for 'Marc Finthammer'

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  1.  38
    How to exploit parametric uniformity for maximum entropy reasoning in a relational probabilistic logic.Marc Finthammer & Christoph Beierle - 2012 - In Luis Farinas del Cerro, Andreas Herzig & Jerome Mengin (eds.), Logics in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 189--201.
  2.  85
    A Tale of Two Vectors.Marc Lange - 2009 - Dialectica 63 (4):397-431.
    Why do forces compose according to the parallelogram of forces? This question has been controversial; it is one episode in a longstanding, fundamental dispute regarding which facts are not to be explained dynamically. If the parallelogram law is explained statically, then the laws of statics are separate from and “transcend” the laws of dynamics. Alternatively, if the parallelogram law is explained dynamically, then statical laws become mere corollaries to the dynamical laws. I shall attempt to trace the history of this (...)
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  3.  14
    An integrated development environment for probabilistic relational reasoning.M. Finthammer & M. Thimm - 2012 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 20 (5):831-871.
  4. Homology: Integrating Phylogeny and Development.Marc Ereshefsky - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (3):225-229.
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  5. Grounding, scientific explanation, and Humean laws.Marc Lange - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 164 (1):255-261.
    It has often been argued that Humean accounts of natural law cannot account for the role played by laws in scientific explanations. Loewer (Philosophical Studies 2012) has offered a new reply to this argument on behalf of Humean accounts—a reply that distinguishes between grounding (which Loewer portrays as underwriting a kind of metaphysical explanation) and scientific explanation. I will argue that Loewer’s reply fails because it cannot accommodate the relation between metaphysical and scientific explanation. This relation also resolves a puzzle (...)
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  6. Medicine, money, and morals: physicians' conflicts of interest.Marc A. Rodwin - 1993 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Conflicts of interest are rampant in the American medical community. Today it is not uncommon for doctors to refer patients to clinics or labs in which they have a financial interest (40% of physicians in Florida invest in medical centers); for hospitals to offer incentives to physicians who refer patients (a practice that can lead to unnecessary hospitalization); or for drug companies to provide lucrative give-aways to entice doctors to use their "brand name" drugs (which are much more expensive than (...)
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  7. Imperfection, Accuracy, and Structural Rationality.Marc-Kevin Daoust - 2024 - Erkenntnis 89 (3):1095-1116.
    Structural requirements of rationality prohibit various things, like having inconsistent combinations of attitudes, having means-end incoherent combinations of attitudes, and so on. But what is the distinctive feature of structural requirements of rationality? And do we fall under an obligation to be structurally rational? These issues have been at the heart of significant debates over the past fifteen years. Some philosophers have recently argued that we can unify the structural requirements of rationality by analyzing what is constitutive of our attitudes (...)
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  8.  42
    Defenestration.Marc Richir - 2020 - HORIZON. Studies in Phenomenology 9 (2):760-781.
    The article « La Défenestration » by Belgian philosopher Marc Richir has been translated into Russian for the first time for this issue of the “Horizon. Studies in Phenomenology.” In his early work “The Defenestration” Richir raises the question of relation between the subject and conceivable world. Here, a philosopher is pictured contemplating the world through the window of his tower. In such detachment from the world the thinker finds himself according to all Modern philosophies of consciousness. Husserl’s phenomenology (...)
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  9. Disjunctivism and the Ethics of Disbelief.Marc Champagne - 2015 - Philosophical Papers 44 (2):139-163.
    This paper argues that there is a conflict between two theses held by John McDowell, namely i) the claim that we are under a standing obligation to revise our beliefs if reflection demands it; and ii) the view that veridical experience is a mode of direct access to the world. Since puts no bounds on what would constitute reasonable doubt, it invites skeptical concerns which overthrow. Conversely, since says that there are some experiences which we are entitled to trust, it (...)
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  10. Senses of Self: Approaches to Pre-Reflective Self-Awareness.Marc Borner, Manfred Frank & Kenneth Williford (eds.) - 2019
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  11. The grounded functionality account of natural kinds.Marc Ereshefsky & Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2023 - In William C. Bausman, Janella K. Baxter & Oliver M. Lean (eds.), From biological practice to scientific metaphysics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
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  12.  10
    Altered states of consciousness: experiences out of time and self.Marc Wittmann - 2018 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
    What altered states of consciousness—the dissolution of feelings of time and self—can tell us about the mystery of consciousness. During extraordinary moments of consciousness—shock, meditative states and sudden mystical revelations, out-of-body experiences, or drug intoxication—our senses of time and self are altered; we may even feel time and self dissolving. These experiences have long been ignored by mainstream science, or considered crazy fantasies. Recent research, however, has located the neural underpinnings of these altered states of mind. In this book, neuropsychologist (...)
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  13.  4
    Croyants et sceptiques au XVIe siècle: le dossier des "Epicuriens": actes.Marc Lienhard (ed.) - 1981 - Strasbourg: Librairie ISTRA.
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  14.  10
    Ästhetische Aufklärung: Kunst und Kritik in der Theorie Theodor W. Adornos ; Marc Grimm, Martin Niederauer (Hrsg.).Marc Grimm & Martin Niederauer (eds.) - 2016 - Basel: Beltz Juventa.
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  15.  60
    Challenges Facing Counterfactual Accounts of Explanation in Mathematics.Marc Lange - 2022 - Philosophia Mathematica 30 (1):32-58.
    Some mathematical proofs explain why the theorems they prove hold. This paper identifies several challenges for any counterfactual account of explanation in mathematics (that is, any account according to which an explanatory proof reveals how the explanandum would have been different, had facts in the explanans been different). The paper presumes that countermathematicals can be nontrivial. It argues that nevertheless, a counterfactual account portrays explanatory power as too easy to achieve, does not capture explanatory asymmetry, and fails to specify why (...)
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  16.  25
    Encoding Ethics to Compute Value-Aligned Norms.Marc Serramia, Manel Rodriguez-Soto, Maite Lopez-Sanchez, Juan A. Rodriguez-Aguilar, Filippo Bistaffa, Paula Boddington, Michael Wooldridge & Carlos Ansotegui - 2023 - Minds and Machines 33 (4):761-790.
    Norms have been widely enacted in human and agent societies to regulate individuals’ actions. However, although legislators may have ethics in mind when establishing norms, moral values are only sometimes explicitly considered. This paper advances the state of the art by providing a method for selecting the norms to enact within a society that best aligns with the moral values of such a society. Our approach to aligning norms and values is grounded in the ethics literature. Specifically, from the literature’s (...)
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  17. Intuitions as evidence : an introduction.Marc A. Moffett - 2019 - In Maria Lasonen-Aarnio & Clayton Littlejohn (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Evidence. Routledge.
  18.  10
    Toward a New Philosophy of Biology.Marc Ereshefsky - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (4):725-727.
  19.  2
    The animals' agenda: freedom, compassion, and coexistence in the human age.Marc Bekoff - 2017 - Boston, Massachusetts: Beacon Press. Edited by Jessica Pierce.
    Freedom and compassion in the anthropocene -- Can science save animals? -- Who we eat -- Fat rats and lab cats -- Charismatic, caged, and occasionally crazy: zooed animals -- Captive and companion -- Born to be wild? -- Coexistence in the anthropocene and beyond: compassion and justice for all.
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  20.  8
    Systematics and Taxonomy.Marc Ereshefsky - 2008 - In Sahorta Sarkar & Anya Plutynski (eds.), Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Blackwell. pp. 99–118.
    This chapter contains section titled: Introduction The Ontological Nature of Species Taxonomic Pluralism Two Major Schools of Biological Taxonomy The Linnaean Hierarchy References Further Reading.
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  21.  7
    Laws and Theories.Marc Lange - 2008 - In Sahorta Sarkar & Anya Plutynski (eds.), Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Blackwell. pp. 489–505.
    This chapter contains section titled: Is Biology Like Physics? Laws of Nature: The Standard Picture Why Not Laws of Biology? The Problem of Exceptions Why Not Laws of Biology? The Problem of Accidentalness A Worked Example: The “Area Law” Evolutionary Accidents as Laws of Functional Biology References Further Reading.
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  22. Les épicuriens à Strasbourg entre 1530 et 1550 et le problème de l'incroyance au XVIe siècle.Marc Lienhard - 1981 - In Croyants et sceptiques au XVIe siècle: le dossier des "Epicuriens": actes. Strasbourg: Librairie ISTRA.
     
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  23.  7
    Lehrstücke der praktischen Philosophie und der Ästhetik.Konrad Marc-Wogau, Karl Bärthlein & Gerd Wolandt (eds.) - 1977 - Stuttgart: Schwabe.
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  24.  1
    Malade, notre médecine?Marc Neyroud - 1978 - [Lausanne]: Editions L'Age d'homme.
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  25.  50
    Moral Minds: How Nature Designed Our Universal Sense of Right and Wrong.Marc Hauser - 2006 - Harper Collins.
    Marc Hauser puts forth the theory that humans have evolved a universal moral instinct, unconsciously propelling us to deliver judgments of right and wrong independent of gender, education, and religion. Combining his cutting-edge research with the latest findings in cognitive psychology, linguistics, neuroscience, evolutionary biology, economics, and anthropology, Hauser explores the startling implications of his provocative theory vis-à-vis contemporary bioethics, religion, the law, and our everyday lives.
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  26. The Republic of Letters.Marc Fumaroli - 1988 - Diogenes 36 (143):129-152.
    The expression “République des lettress” is still used today. It appears in most recent dictionaries of the French language, and it even occasionally occurs in ordinary conversation or in the press, a pompous and ironic circumlocution to designate the Parisian literary “milieu.” This archaistic and pejorative survival masks (somewhat similarly to the word “rhetoric”) the attention that researchers are now according to the older meaning of this surviving expression, and to the concept of an international exchange of ideas that it (...)
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  27.  28
    The Appraisal Bias Model of Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression.Marc Mehu & Klaus R. Scherer - 2015 - Emotion Review 7 (3):272-279.
    Models of cognitive vulnerability claim that depressive symptoms arise as a result of an interaction between negative affect and cognitive reactions, in the form of dysfunctional attitudes and negative inferential style. We present a model that complements this approach by focusing on the appraisal processes that elicit and differentiate everyday episodes of emotional experience, arguing that individual differences in appraisal patterns can foster negative emotional experiences related to depression. In particular, dispositional appraisal biases facilitating the elicitation of these emotions more (...)
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  28. Histoire des idées et histoire rhétorique et cognitive.Marc Angenot - 2020 - In David Simonetta & Alexandre de Vitry (eds.), Histoire et historiens des idées: figures, méthodes, problèmes. Paris: Collège de France éditions.
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  29. L'homme Sartre.Marc Beigbeder - 1947 - [Paris]: Bordas.
     
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  30. Filosofia da educação nova.Marc André Bloch - 1951 - São Paulo,: Companhia Editora Nacional.
     
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  31.  2
    Fundamentos y finaldades de la nueva educación.Marc André Bloch - 1949 - Buenos Aires,: Kapelusz.
  32.  35
    On Being Linguistically At Sea Back To the Roots.Marc-André Béra - 1989 - Diogenes 37 (145):77-97.
    “Je doute qu'il y ait un dialogue de la chenille et du papillon”A. MatrauxThe most ordinary events astonish only those who think about them. What can be more natural than two people talking? They are from the same country, they speak the same language, they understand one another. They have things to say to each other and they say them. Anyone who would try to question such evident truisms would be seen as attempting to be a spinner of paradoxes. And (...)
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  33. Stone, Stone-soup, and Soup.Marc Champagne - 2021 - In Sandra Woien (ed.), Jordan Peterson: Critical Responses. Carus Books. pp. 101-117.
    Jordan Peterson gave a series of lectures on the Psychological Significance of the Biblical Stories. His first lecture lasted two hours. In that time, Peterson managed to cover only a single line from the Bible. This lopsided gloss-to-text ratio, I argue, entails that the rational explanations actually do all the work while the Bible is dispensable.
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  34.  88
    Corporate Social Performance and Firm Risk: A Meta-Analytic Review.Marc Orlitzky & John D. Benjamin - 2001 - Business and Society 40 (4):369-396.
    Building on earlier work on the relationship between corporate social performance (CSP) and a firm’s financial performance, this integrative empirical study supports the theoretical argument that the higher a firm’s CSP the lower its financial risk. Specifically, the relationship between CSP and risk appears to be one of reciprocal causality, because prior CSP is negatively related to subsequent financial risk, and prior financial risk is negatively related to subsequent CSP. Additionally, CSP is more strongly correlated with measures of market risk (...)
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  35. Contradiction et nouvel entendement.Marc Beigbeder - 1972 - Paris,: Bordas.
     
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  36.  1
    La pensée politique de Calvin.Marc Édouard Chenevière - 1937 - Genève,: Slatkine Reprints.
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  37. Cosmologie de la liberté.Marc Olivier Gautier - 1973 - Paris,: la Pensée universelle.
     
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  38. Theodor W. Adorno: art, idéologie et théorie de l'art.Marc Jimenez - 1973 - Paris,: Union générale d'éditions.
     
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  39. Thomas More.Germain Marc'hadour - 1971 - [Paris]: Seghers.
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  40.  87
    Motor Cognition: What Actions Tell the Self.Marc Jeannerod - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Our ability to acknowledge and recognise our own identity - our 'self' - is a characteristic doubtless unique to humans. Where does this feeling come from? How does the combination of neurophysiological processes coupled with our interaction with the outside world construct this coherent identity? We know that our social interactions contribute via the eyes, ears etc. However, our self is not only influenced by our senses. It is also influenced by the actions we perform and those we see others (...)
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  41.  9
    Dark Academia: A Reply to Elias Khoury.Marc James Léger - 2024 - International Journal of Žižek Studies 18 (1).
    Author Marc James Léger responds to Elias Khoury’s review of his book _Bernie Bros Gone Woke: Class, Identity, Neoliberalism_, which was published in volume 17 of the _International Journal of __Žižek Studies_. While Léger accepts the one mistake in the book that Khoury correctly identifies, he takes issue with nearly everything else in Khoury’s review, which involves fallacies, misquotations, reductive arguments, misdirection and failure to mention anything that would contradict Khoury’s generally false claims. Léger describes the possibility of academic (...)
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  42.  4
    Discrépance et simulacre: Kant, Leśniewski et l'ontologie.Marc Peeters - 2013 - [Bruxelles]: Lamiroy. Edited by Jaime Derenne.
    L’ouvrage qu’on va lire se veut être une fondation transcendantale des logiques développementales (essentiellement celle de Lesniewski). Une telle démarche n’a jamais été tentée. Pour ce faire, il a fallu remonter aux sources immanentes de la Critique de la Raison Pure et de son architectonique. L’auteur a ainsi produit une apparence ontologique correspondant à l’ontologie du logicien polonais. Pour saisir la portée des définitions de la vérité et de l’objet, Marc Peeters convoque quatre concepts : la discrépance, le simulacre, (...)
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  43.  3
    Propositions buissonnières.Marc Richir - 2016 - Grenoble: Millon.
    En posant la question du sublime et du soi, Marc Richir retrouve certaines questions fondamentales de Hegel, de Schelling et de Fichte, qui le poussent vers ce qui lui paraît comme l'ultime, au-delà duquel il est impossible d'aller sans dogmatisme : l'écart différentiel et la vibration instantanée. Expressions hautement paradoxales, qui amènent à une réévaluation de la phénoménologie husserlienne jusqu'à une relecture nouvelle de la philosophie classique, en passant par une épochè hyperbolique de la pensée heideggerienne - la mise (...)
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  44.  5
    Das Konzept einer negativen Dialektik: Adorno und Hegel.Marc Nicolas Sommer - 2016 - Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
    English summary: The idea of a negative dialectics encapsulates the critical theory of Theodor W. Adorno in its entirety. In a critical engagement with Hegel's philosophy, Adorno develops a dialectic that is no longer tied to the idealistic concept of a speculative identity of subject and object, yet nevertheless aims at a concept of the absolute. So far neither the scope nor the argumentative consistency of this model of dialectics has been taken into account. Marc Nicolas Sommer reconstructs negative (...)
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  45. Decide As You Would With Full Information! An Argument Against Ex Ante Pareto.Marc Fleurbaey & Alex Voorhoeve - 2013 - In Ole Norheim, Samia Hurst, Nir Eyal & Dan Wikler (eds.), Inequalities in Health: Concepts, Measures, and Ethics. Oxford University Press.
    Policy-makers must sometimes choose between an alternative which has somewhat lower expected value for each person, but which will substantially improve the outcomes of the worst off, or an alternative which has somewhat higher expected value for each person, but which will leave those who end up worst off substantially less well off. The popular ex ante Pareto principle requires the choice of the alternative with higher expected utility for each. We argue that ex ante Pareto ought to be rejected (...)
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  46. The representing brain: Neural correlates of motor intention and imagery.Marc Jeannerod - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):187-202.
    This paper concerns how motor actions are neurally represented and coded. Action planning and motor preparation can be studied using a specific type of representational activity, motor imagery. A close functional equivalence between motor imagery and motor preparation is suggested by the positive effects of imagining movements on motor learning, the similarity between the neural structures involved, and the similar physiological correlates observed in both imaging and preparing. The content of motor representations can be inferred from motor images at a (...)
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  47. Thomas Paine's Lessons in Republicanism (1802-1807).Marc Belissa - 2016 - In Scott Cleary & Ivy Linton Stabell (eds.), New directions in Thomas Paine studies. New York, NY: Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  48.  3
    Étant donné le pluralisme.Marc-Antoine Dilhac & Sophie Guérard de Latour (eds.) - 2013 - Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne.
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  49.  2
    La vie sans appui: penser à la limite de la théologie et de la religion.Marc Goldschmit - 2023 - Paris IIe: Éditions Kimé.
    Le présent livre part d'une idée polémique et critique : la philosophie est encore aujourd'hui dominée et commandée par la théologie et la religion. Cette domination prend la vie pour sujet et la mort comme alliée et s'appuie sur une transcendance, une instance qui vient à la verticale de la vie. Cette domination structure la philosophie politique et donne forme à l'idéologie des Partis et des États qui mettent la vie et la mort en jeu et qui subordonnent la vie (...)
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  50.  2
    Die Rolle der Materie in der Definition der Substanz: Thomas' Kommentar zu Z 10 von Aristoteles' Metaphysik.Marc Hausmann - 2013 - Kleinhain: Verlag St. Josef.
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