Results for 'Marc T. Kiviniemi'

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  1.  8
    Role of Affective Associations in the Planning and Habit Systems of Decision-Making Related to Addiction.Marc T. Kiviniemi & Rick A. Bevins - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):450-451.
    The model proposed by Redish et al. considers vulnerabilities within decision systems based on expectancy-value assumptions. Further understanding of processes leading to addiction can be gained by considering other inputs to decision-making, particularly affective associations with behaviors. This consideration suggests additional decision-making vulnerabilities that might explain addictive behaviors.
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  2.  46
    The Institutional Determinants of Social Responsibility.Marc T. Jones - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 20 (2):163 - 179.
    Previous research in the social responsibility/social performance area has failed to systematically address the institutional determinants of social responsibility and its various manifestations in terms of social performance. This paper examines the relationship between the configuration of institutional structures at various levels and the necessary and sufficient conditions for the concept of social responsibility to manifest in the practice of stakeholder management. In particular we hypothesize that smaller, closely held firms in profitable niches are in the optimum position to practice (...)
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  3.  31
    Missing the Forest for the Trees A Critique of the Social Responsibility Concept and Discourse.Marc T. Jones - 1996 - Business and Society 35 (1):7-41.
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  4.  14
    About Global Leadership and Global Ethics, and a Possible Moral Compass: An Introduction to the Special Issue. [REVIEW]Marc T. Jones & Carla C. J. M. Millar - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 93 (S1):1-8.
    This paper reviews a number of huge challenges to ethical leadership in the twenty-first century and concludes that the need for global ethical leadership is not merely a desirable option, but rather – and quite literally – a matter of survival. The crises of the recent past reveal huge, and in some cases criminal, failures of both ethics and leadership in finance, business and government. We posit that mainstream economic theory’s construct of ‘homo economicus’ and its faith in the ‘invisible (...)
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  5.  16
    Unpacking Complexity Through Critical Stakeholder Analysis the Case of Globalization.Marc T. Jones & Peter Fleming - 2003 - Business and Society 42 (4):430-454.
  6.  61
    When Learning to Classify by Relations is Easier Than by Features.Bradley C. Love & Marc T. Tomlinson - 2010 - Thinking and Reasoning 16 (4):372-401.
  7.  60
    Structural Priming as Structure-Mapping: Children Use Analogies From Previous Utterances to Guide Sentence Production.Micah B. Goldwater, Marc T. Tomlinson, Catharine H. Echols & Bradley C. Love - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (1):156-170.
    What mechanisms underlie children’s language production? Structural priming—the repetition of sentence structure across utterances—is an important measure of the developing production system. We propose its mechanism in children is the same as may underlie analogical reasoning: structure-mapping. Under this view, structural priming is the result of making an analogy between utterances, such that children map semantic and syntactic structure from previous to future utterances. Because the ability to map relationally complex structures develops with age, younger children are less successful than (...)
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  8.  21
    Monkey See, Monkey Do: Learning Relations Through Concrete Examples.Marc T. Tomlinson & Bradley C. Love - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):150-151.
    Penn et al. argue that the complexity of relational learning is beyond animals. We discuss a model that demonstrates relational learning need not involve complex processes. Novel stimuli are compared to previous experiences stored in memory. As learning shifts attention from featural to relational cues, the comparison process becomes more analogical in nature, successfully accounting for performance across species and development.
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  9. Appraising the Relation Between Corporate Responsibility Research and Practice.Matthew Haigh, Marc T. Jones & Netherlands Amsterdam - 2007 - Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organization Studies 12 (1).
     
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  10.  5
    A Critical Review of Relations Between Corporate Responsibility Research and Practice.Matthew Haigh & Marc T. Jones - 2007 - Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organization Studies 12 (1):16-28.
    This essay identifies epistemological, theoretical and methodological problems in a potentially influential subset of the interdisciplinary corporate responsibility literature, that which appears in the management literature. The received conceptualization of stakeholder analysis is criticised by identifying six sets of factors conventionally considered as promoting social responsibilities in the firm: inter-organizational factors, economic competitors, institutional investors, end-consumers, government regulators and non-governmental organizations. Each is addressed on conceptual grounds, its empirical salience in terms of the latest relevant research and prospects to be (...)
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  11. Predicting Information Needs: Adaptive Display in Dynamic Environments.Bradley C. Love, Matt Jones, Marc T. Tomlinson & Michael Howe - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
     
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  12. Why Safety Doesn’T Save Closure.Marc Alspector-Kelly - 2011 - Synthese 183 (2):127-142.
    Knowledge closure is, roughly, the following claim: For every agent S and propositions P and Q, if S knows P, knows that P implies Q, and believes Q because it is so implied, then S knows Q. Almost every epistemologist believes that closure is true. Indeed, they often believe that it so obviously true that any theory implying its denial is thereby refuted. Some prominent epistemologists have nevertheless denied it, most famously Fred Dretske and Robert Nozick. There are closure advocates (...)
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  13. Don’T Be an Ass: Rational Choice and its Limits.Marc Champagne - 2015 - Reason Papers 37 (1):137-147.
    Deliberation is often seen as the site of human freedom, but the binding power of rationality seems to imply that deliberation is, in its own way, a deterministic process. If one knows the starting preferences and circumstances of an agent, then, assuming that the agent is rational and that those preferences and circumstances don’t change, one should be in a position to predict what the agent will decide. However, given that an agent could conceivably confront equally attractive alternatives, it is (...)
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  14.  23
    Marc de Tolède, Traducteur d'Ibn Tūmart By M. T. D'Alverny and G. Vajda.Allan B. Wolter - 1953 - Franciscan Studies 13 (4):131-132.
  15.  9
    Choice Isn’T Simple. Reply to Pickard.Marc Lewis - 2017 - Neuroethics 10 (1):181-183.
    Pickard’s contribution reminds me that conceptualizing choice is no simple matter. Pickard sees choice as entirely voluntary, while I argue that choice is only partially voluntary. Choices are based on appraisals of situations, which fluctuate due to external circumstances and internal states such as emotion and mood. Habit itself competes with volition, and all these parameters vary with development. Psychological factors such as delay discounting and especially one's belief in one's agency are critical for volitional choice as well.
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  16.  19
    Cognitive Strategies and Natural Environments Interact in Influencing Executive Function.Stefan C. Bourrier, Marc G. Berman & James T. Enns - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  17.  14
    Why Behaviorism Won't Die: The Cognitivist's “Musts” Are Only “May Be's”.Marc N. Branch - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (4):700-701.
  18. Wild Justice: The Moral Lives of Animals.Marc Bekoff & Jessica Pierce - 2009 - University of Chicago Press.
    Scientists have long counseled against interpreting animal behavior in terms of human emotions, warning that such anthropomorphizing limits our ability to understand animals as they really are. Yet what are we to make of a female gorilla in a German zoo who spent days mourning the death of her baby? Or a wild female elephant who cared for a younger one after she was injured by a rambunctious teenage male? Or a rat who refused to push a lever for food (...)
     
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  19. Wolfgang HUEMER and Marc-Oliver SCHUSTER (Eds.): Writing the Austrian Traditions. Relations Between Philosophy and Literature. Alberta, Wirth-Institute for Austrian and Central European Studies, 2003; and Ontos Verlag, Frankfurt, 2004. [REVIEW]T. E. Uebel - 2006 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 70 (1):253.
     
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  20.  13
    Self-Organizing Brains Don't Develop Gradually.Marc D. Lewis - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):47-47.
    Some dynamic systems approaches posit discontinuous changes, even universal stages, in development. Conversely, Thelen and colleagues see development as gradual because it relies on real-time interactions among many components. Yet their new model hinges on one parameter, neural cooperativity, that should change discontinuously because it engenders new skills that catalyze neural connectivity. In fact, research on cortical connectivity finds development to be discontinuous, and possibly stage-like, based on experience-dependent and experience-independent factors.
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  21. Wild Justice: The Moral Lives of Animals.Marc Bekoff & Jessica Pierce - 2009 - University of Chicago Press.
    Scientists have long counseled against interpreting animal behavior in terms of human emotions, warning that such anthropomorphizing limits our ability to understand animals as they really are. Yet what are we to make of a female gorilla in a German zoo who spent days mourning the death of her baby? Or a wild female elephant who cared for a younger one after she was injured by a rambunctious teenage male? Or a rat who refused to push a lever for food (...)
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  22. Qui t'a a fait juste? Des filiations personnelles.Jean-Marc Trigeaud - 1994 - Filosofia Oggi 17 (67):299-312.
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  23.  5
    “These Critics (Still) Don’T Write Enough About Women Artists”: Gender Inequality in the Newspaper Coverage of Arts and Culture in France, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United States, 1955-2005.Frank Weij, Marc Verboord & Pauwke Berkers - 2016 - Gender and Society 30 (3):515-539.
    This article addresses the extent and ways in which gender inequality in the newspaper coverage of arts and culture has changed in France, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United States, 1955-2005. Through a quantitative content analysis, we mapped all articles that appeared in two elite newspapers in each country in four sample years 1955, 1975, 1995, and 2005. First, despite increasing women’s employment in arts and culture and a quantitative feminization of journalism, elite newspaper coverage of women in arts and (...)
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  24.  37
    Socrate de Constantinople, Histoire ecclésiastique. Texte grec de l'édition de G.C. Hansen (GCS), traduction t Pierre Périchon s.j., Pierre Maraval, introduction et notes Pierre Maraval, Paris, Éd. du Cerf, Livre I, 2004, 267 p. ; Livres II-III, 2005, 366 p. ; Livres IV-VI, 2006, 362 p. Sources chrétiennes, 477, 493 et 505. [REVIEW]Marc Aoun - 2007 - Revue des Sciences Religieuses 81:263-265.
    Continuateur d’Eusèbe de Césarée (265-339), Socrate de Constantinople (380-440), un des plus grands historiens de l’Antiquité chrétienne de langue grecque, est l’auteur d’une précieuse Histoire (publiée probablement vers 439/440) dont l’intérêt réside, non seulement dans le fait qu’elle prolonge de plus d’un siècle l’Histoire ecclésiastique d’Eusèbe, mais aussi parce qu’elle nous a conservé des documents historiques de la plus haute importance, souvent cités in extenso, et dont certains sont ..
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  25.  58
    Seneca on the Couch Marc Rozelaar: Seneca. Eine Gesamtdarstellung. Pp. X + 663. Amsterdam: Hakkert, 1976. 178 Sw. Frs.M. T. Griffin - 1980 - The Classical Review 30 (01):28-31.
  26.  33
    Mario Bunge: A Centenary Festschrift.Mario Augusto Bunge, Michael R. Matthews, Guillermo M. Denegri, Eduardo L. Ortiz, Heinz W. Droste, Alberto Cordero, Pierre Deleporte, María Manzano, Manuel Crescencio Moreno, Dominique Raynaud, Íñigo Ongay de Felipe, Nicholas Rescher, Richard T. W. Arthur, Rögnvaldur D. Ingthorsson, Evandro Agazzi, Ingvar Johansson, Joseph Agassi, Nimrod Bar-Am, Alberto Cupani, Gustavo E. Romero, Andrés Rivadulla, Art Hobson, Olival Freire Junior, Peter Slezak, Ignacio Morgado-Bernal, Marta Crivos, Leonardo Ivarola, Andreas Pickel, Russell Blackford, Michael Kary, A. Z. Obiedat, Carolina I. García Curilaf, Rafael González del Solar, Luis Marone, Javier Lopez de Casenave, Francisco Yannarella, Mauro A. E. Chaparro, José Geiser Villavicencio- Pulido, Martín Orensanz, Jean-Pierre Marquis, Reinhard Kahle, Ibrahim A. Halloun, José María Gil, Omar Ahmad, Byron Kaldis, Marc Silberstein, Carolina I. García Curilaf, Rafael González del Solar, Javier Lopez de Casenave, Íñigo Ongay de Felipe & Villavicencio-Pulid (eds.) - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    This volume has 41 chapters written to honor the 100th birthday of Mario Bunge. It celebrates the work of this influential Argentine/Canadian physicist and philosopher. Contributions show the value of Bunge’s science-informed philosophy and his systematic approach to philosophical problems. The chapters explore the exceptionally wide spectrum of Bunge’s contributions to: metaphysics, methodology and philosophy of science, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of physics, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of social science, philosophy of biology, philosophy of technology, moral philosophy, social and political (...)
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  27. La t'che actuelle de la philosophie . VIIIe Congrès international de philosophie à Prague.Edmund Husserl, Rozenn-maï Le Goff, Frédéric Barriera, Vincent Haubtmann & Marc B. de Launay - 1993 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 98 (3):291-329.
    Au début du mois d'août 1934, Husserl fut invité par Emanuel Radl à prendre part au huitième Congrès international de philosophie qui devait se tenir à Prague du 2 au 7 septembre de la même année. La situation politique allemande interdisait que Husserl et d'autres philosophes se rendissent à l'étranger, aussi Radl demanda-t-il à Husserl de lui envoyer une communication épistolaire destinée à être lue lors des débats. Husserl rédigea donc une lettre, la « Lettre pragoise » — qu'on lut (...)
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  28.  7
    Subjective Correlation and the Size-Numerosity Illusion.Michael H. Birnbaum, Marc Kobernick & Clairice T. Veit - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (3):537.
  29.  12
    Self-Efficacy: Now You See It, Now You Don’T. Reply to Snoek.Marc Lewis - 2017 - Neuroethics 10 (1):195-197.
    Snoek, like other commentators, conflates some of my neural claims with those of the Brain Disease Model of Addiction. But she sees other details of my modeling with precision and depth. I welcome her emphasis on individual and developmental differences in addicts' capacity to recognize and deploy their personal agency. In fact we agree that belief in personal agency is a critical first step to cultivating it. Yet I wish to steer away from the disease nomenclature, to give that belief (...)
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  30.  20
    Boekbesprekingen.J. T. A. G. M. van Ruiten, P. J. Tomson, Martin Parmentier, A. L. Molendijk, R. G. W. Huysmans, Frans Vervooren, Marc Schneiders, J. Y. H. A. Jacobs, Marcel Poorthuis, Ralf Georg Bogner, Luc Anckaert, A. van de Pavert, A. van Dijk, Johan G. Hahn & A. H. C. van Eijk - 1994 - Bijdragen 55 (4):435-463.
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  31.  30
    It Ain't Over Till It's Ova: Germline Sex Determination in C. Elegans.Patricia E. Kuwabara & Marc D. Perry - 2001 - Bioessays 23 (7):596-604.
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  32.  29
    The Causal Status of Emotions in Consciousness.Jason T. Ramsay & Marc D. Lewis - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):215-216.
    Rolls demonstrates how reward/punishment systems are key mediators of cognitive appraisal, and this suggests a fundamental, causal role for emotion in thought and behaviour. However, this causal role for emotion seems to drop out of Rolls's model of consciousness, to be replaced by the old idea that emotion is essentially epiphenomenal. We suggest a modification to Rolls's model in which cognition and emotion activate each other reciprocally, both in appraisal and consciousness, thus allowing emotion to maintain its causal status where (...)
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  33.  12
    Positive Effects of Nature on Cognitive Performance Across Multiple Experiments: Test Order but Not Affect Modulates the Cognitive Effects.Cecilia U. D. Stenfors, Stephen C. Van Hedger, Kathryn E. Schertz, Francisco A. C. Meyer, Karen E. L. Smith, Greg J. Norman, Stefan C. Bourrier, James T. Enns, Omid Kardan, John Jonides & Marc G. Berman - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  34.  11
    The Origin, Significance and Bearing of the EπTκ∊Ινα Motif in Plotinus and the Neoplatonic Tradition.Jean-Marc Narbonne - 2002 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 17 (1):185-206.
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  35. Do Chances Receive Equal Treatment Under the Laws? Or: Must Chances Be Probabilities?Marc Lange - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (2):383-403.
    I offer an argument regarding chances that appears to yield a dilemma: either the chances at time t must be determined by the natural laws and the history through t of instantiations of categorical properties, or the function ch(•) assigning chances need not satisfy the axioms of probability. The dilemma's first horn might seem like a remnant of determinism. On the other hand, this horn might be inspired by our best scientific theories. In addition, it is entailed by the familiar (...)
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  36. Animal Passions and Beastly Virtues: Reflections on Redecorating Nature.Marc Bekoff (ed.) - 2006 - Temple University Press.
    Who hasn't wondered what it's like to be a dog or bird? Such questions seem unanswerable because we have no way of getting into an animal's mind. Marc Bekoff's work on animal behavior and mind draws world-wide attention for its originality and its probing into what animals might know as well as what skills are needed to live life successfully as a member of a particular species. Convinced that individuals of every species have some level of self-awareness, Bekoff embarks (...)
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  37.  2
    Won’T You Be My Number Two?Joost de Moor, Sofie Marien & Marc Hooghe - 2013 - Res Publica 55 (3):303-320.
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  38. Théorie de l'agir communicationnel. T. 1 : Rationalité de l'agir et rationalisation de la société, T. 2. : Pour une critique de la raison fonctionnaliste. [REVIEW]Jürgen Habermas, Jean-Marc Ferry & Jean-Louis Schlegel - 1988 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 178 (1):103-104.
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  39.  4
    Corrigendum: Positive Effects of Nature on Cognitive Performance Across Multiple Experiments: Test Order but Not Affect Modulates the Cognitive Effects.Cecilia U. D. Stenfors, Stephen C. Van Hedger, Kathryn E. Schertz, Francisco A. C. Meyer, Karen E. L. Smith, Greg J. Norman, Stefan C. Bourrier, James T. Enns, Omid Kardan, John Jonides & Marc G. Berman - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  40. Evolutionary and Developmental Foundations of Human Knowledge.Marc D. Hauser & Elizabeth Spelke - 2004 - In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences Iii. MIT Press.
    What are the brain and cognitive systems that allow humans to play baseball, compute square roots, cook soufflés, or navigate the Tokyo subways? It may seem that studies of human infants and of non-human animals will tell us little about these abilities, because only educated, enculturated human adults engage in organized games, formal mathematics, gourmet cooking, or map-reading. In this chapter, we argue against this seemingly sensible conclusion. When human adults exhibit complex, uniquely human, culture-specific skills, they draw on a (...)
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  41.  29
    Strongly Majorizable Functionals of Finite Type: A Model for Barrecursion Containing Discontinuous Functionals.Marc Bezem - 1985 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 50 (3):652-660.
    In this paper a model for barrecursion is presented. It has as a novelty that it contains discontinuous functionals. The model is based on a concept called strong majorizability. This concept is a modification of Howard's majorizability notion; see [T, p. 456].
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  42.  44
    A Whale of a Tale: Calling It Culture Doesn't Help.David Premack & Marc D. Hauser - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):350-351.
    We argue that the function of human culture is to clarify what people value. Consequently, nothing in cetacean behavior (or any other animal's behavior) comes remotely close to this aspect of human culture. This does not mean that the traditions observed in cetaceans are uninteresting, but rather, that we need to understand why they are so different from our own.
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  43. Epistemic Akrasia and Epistemic Reasons.Marc-Kevin Daoust - 2019 - Episteme 16 (3):282-302.
    It seems that epistemically rational agents should avoid incoherent combinations of beliefs and should respond correctly to their epistemic reasons. However, some situations seem to indicate that such requirements cannot be simultaneously satisfied. In such contexts, assuming that there is no unsolvable dilemma of epistemic rationality, either (i) it could be rational that one’s higher-order attitudes do not align with one’s first-order attitudes or (ii) requirements such as responding correctly to epistemic reasons that agents have are not genuine rationality requirements. (...)
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  44. Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito: Critical Essays.Rachana Kamtekar, Mark McPherran, P. T. Geach, S. Marc Cohen, Gregory Vlastos, E. De Strycker, S. R. Slings, Donald Morrison, Terence Irwin, M. F. Burnyeat, Thomas C. Brickhouse, Nicholas D. Smith, Richard Kraut, David Bostock & Verity Harte - 2004 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Plato's Euthyrphro, Apology, andCrito portray Socrates' words and deeds during his trial for disbelieving in the Gods of Athens and corrupting the Athenian youth, and constitute a defense of the man Socrates and of his way of life, the philosophic life. The twelve essays in the volume, written by leading classical philosophers, investigate various aspects of these works of Plato, including the significance of Plato's characters, Socrates's revolutionary religious ideas, and the relationship between historical events and Plato's texts.
     
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  45. Explaining the Qualitative Dimension of Consciousness: Prescission Instead of Reification: Dialogue.Marc Champagne - 2009 - Dialogue 48 (1):145-183.
    This paper suggests that it is largely a want of notional distinctions which fosters the “explanatory gap” that has beset the study of consciousness since T. Nagel’s revival of the topic. Modifying Ned Block’s controversial claim that we should countenance a “phenomenal-consciousness” which exists in its own right, we argue that there is a way to recuperate the intuitions he appeals to without engaging in an onerous reification of the facet in question. By renewing with the full type/token/tone trichotomy developed (...)
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  46.  78
    The Autonomy of Functional Biology: A Reply to Rosenberg.Marc Lange - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (1):93-109.
    Rosenberg has recently argued that explanations supplied by (what he calls) functional biology are mere promissory notes for macromolecular adaptive explanations. Rosenberg's arguments currently constitute one of the most substantial challenges to the autonomy, irreducibility, and indispensability of the explanations supplied by functional biology. My responses to Rosenberg's arguments will generate a novel account of the autonomy of functional biology. This account will turn on the relations between counterfactuals, scientific explanations, and natural laws. Crucially, in their treatment of the laws' (...)
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  47.  10
    Marranos , or From Coexistence to Toleration.Marc Shell - 1991 - Critical Inquiry 17 (2):306-335.
    For hundreds of years, Muslim Spain was the most tolerant place in Europe. Christians, Muslims, and Jews were able to live together there more or less peacefully. The three religious groups maintained a tolerant convivencia, or coexistence, thanks partly to a twofold distinction among kinds of people that was essential to the particularist doctrine of Islam influential in Spain. Islamic doctrine distinguishes first between Muslim and non-Muslim peoples and second between those non-Muslims who are, like Muslims themselves, “Peoples of the (...)
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  48. Aristotle on Self-Sufficiency, External Goods, and Contemplation.Marc Gasser-Wingate - 2020 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 102 (1):1-28.
    Aristotle tells us that contemplation is the most self-sufficient form of virtuous activity: we can contemplate alone, and with minimal resources, while moral virtues like courage require other individuals to be courageous towards, or courageous with. This is hard to square with the rest of his discussion of self-sufficiency in the Ethics: Aristotle doesn't generally seek to minimize the number of resources necessary for a flourishing human life, and seems happy to grant that such a life will be self-sufficient despite (...)
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  49. Russell and the Newman Problem Revisited.Marc Champagne - 2012 - Analysis and Metaphysics 11:65 - 74.
    In his 1927 Analysis of Matter and elsewhere, Russell argued that we can successfully infer the structure of the external world from that of our explanatory schemes. While nothing guarantees that the intrinsic qualities of experiences are shared by their objects, he held that the relations tying together those relata perforce mirror relations that actually obtain (these being expressible in the formal idiom of the Principia Mathematica). This claim was subsequently criticized by the Cambridge mathematician Max Newman as true but (...)
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  50.  4
    Mesopotamian Civilization: The Material Foundations.Zainab Bahrani, Marc van de Mieroop & D. T. Potts - 1999 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 119 (1):187.
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