56 found
Order:
See also
Marcel Weber
University of Geneva
  1.  87
    Philosophy of Experimental Biology.Marcel Weber - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Philosophy of Experimental Biology explores some central philosophical issues concerning scientific research in experimental biology, including genetics, biochemistry, molecular biology, developmental biology, neurobiology, and microbiology. It seeks to make sense of the explanatory strategies, concepts, ways of reasoning, approaches to discovery and problem solving, tools, models and experimental systems deployed by scientific life science researchers and also integrates developments in historical scholarship, in particular the New Experimentalism. It concludes that historical explanations of scientific change that are based on local laboratory (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   110 citations  
  2.  88
    Experiment in Biology (2018 Update).Marcel Weber - 2018 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  3. Causes Without Mechanisms: Experimental Regularities, Physical Laws, and Neuroscientific Explanation.Marcel Weber - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (5):995-1007.
    This article examines the role of experimental generalizations and physical laws in neuroscientific explanations, using Hodgkin and Huxley’s electrophysiological model from 1952 as a test case. I show that the fact that the model was partly fitted to experimental data did not affect its explanatory status, nor did the false mechanistic assumptions made by Hodgkin and Huxley. The model satisfies two important criteria of explanatory status: it contains invariant generalizations and it is modular (both in James Woodward’s sense). Further, I (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   35 citations  
  4. Which Kind of Causal Specificity Matters Biologically?Marcel Weber - 2017 - Philosophy of Science 84 (3):574-585.
    Griffiths et al. (2015) have proposed a quantitative measure of causal specificity and used it to assess various attempts to single out genetic causes as being causally more specific than other cellular mechanisms, for example, alternative splicing. Focusing in particular on developmental processes, they have identified a number of important challenges for this project. In this discussion note, I would like to show how these challenges can be met.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  5. The Central Dogma as a Thesis of Causal Specificity.Marcel Weber - 2006 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 28 (4):595-610.
    I present a reconstruction of F.H.C. Crick's two 1957 hypotheses "Sequence Hypothesis" and "Central Dogma" in terms of a contemporary philosophical theory of causation. Analyzing in particular the experimental evidence that Crick cited, I argue that these hypotheses can be understood as claims about the actual difference-making cause in protein synthesis. As these hypotheses are only true if restricted to certain nucleic acids in certain organisms, I then examine the concept of causal specificity and its potential to counter claims about (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   27 citations  
  6. Causal Selection Versus Causal Parity in Biology: Relevant Counterfactuals and Biologically Normal Interventions.Marcel Weber - forthcoming - In C. Kenneth Waters & James Woodward (eds.), Philosophical Perspectives on Causal Reasoning in Biology. Minnesota Studies in Philosophy of Science. Vol. XXI. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Causal selection is the task of picking out, from a field of known causally relevant factors, some factors as elements of an explanation. The Causal Parity Thesis in the philosophy of biology challenges the usual ways of making such selections among different causes operating in a developing organism. The main target of this thesis is usually gene centrism, the doctrine that genes play some special role in ontogeny, which is often described in terms of information-bearing or programming. This paper is (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  7. Experimental Modeling in Biology: In Vivo Representation and Stand-Ins As Modeling Strategies.Marcel Weber - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (5):756-769.
    Experimental modeling in biology involves the use of living organisms (not necessarily so-called "model organisms") in order to model or simulate biological processes. I argue here that experimental modeling is a bona fide form of scientific modeling that plays an epistemic role that is distinct from that of ordinary biological experiments. What distinguishes them from ordinary experiments is that they use what I call "in vivo representations" where one kind of causal process is used to stand in for a physically (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  8. The Crux of Crucial Experiments: Duhem’s Problems and Inference to the Best Explanation.Marcel Weber - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (1):19-49.
    Going back at least to Duhem, there is a tradition of thinking that crucial experiments are impossible in science. I analyse Duhem's arguments and show that they are based on the excessively strong assumption that only deductive reasoning is permissible in experimental science. This opens the possibility that some principle of inductive inference could provide a sufficient reason for preferring one among a group of hypotheses on the basis of an appropriately controlled experiment. To be sure, there are analogues to (...)
    Direct download (14 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  9. How Objective Are Biological Functions?Marcel Weber - 2017 - Synthese 194 (12):4741-4755.
    John Searle has argued that functions owe their existence to the value that we put into life and survival. In this paper, I will provide a critique of Searle’s argument concerning the ontology of functions. I rely on a standard analysis of functional predicates as relating not only a biological entity, an activity that constitutes the function of this entity and a type of system but also a goal state. A functional attribution without specification of such a goal state has (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  10.  91
    Determinism, Realism, and Probability in Evolutionary Theory.Marcel Weber - 2001 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2001 (3):S213-.
    Recent discussion of the statistical character of evolutionary theory has centered around two positions: (1) Determinism combined with the claim that the statistical character is eliminable, a subjective interpretation of probability, and instrumentalism; (2) Indeterminism combined with the claim that the statistical character is ineliminable, a propensity interpretation of probability, and realism. I point out some internal problems in these positions and show that the relationship between determinism, eliminability, realism, and the interpretation of probability is more complex than previously assumed (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  11.  74
    The Present Situation in the Philosophy of Science.Thomas Uebel, Stephan Hartmann, Wenceslao Gonzalez, Marcel Weber, Dennis Dieks & Friedrich Stadler (eds.) - 2010 - Springer.
    This volume is a serious attempt to open up the subject of European philosophy of science to real thought, and provide the structural basis for the ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  12.  8
    Philosophy of Experimental Biology. Cambridge Studies in Philosophy and Biology.Marcel Weber - 2007 - Philosophical Review 116 (1):139-141.
  13. Thought Experiments in Biology.Guillaume Schlaepfer & Marcel Weber - 2018 - In Michael T. Stuart, Yiftach J. H. Fehige & James Robert Brown (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Thought Experiments. London: Routledge. pp. 243-256.
    Unlike in physics, the category of thought experiment is not very common in biology. At least there are no classic examples that are as important and as well-known as the most famous thought experiments in physics, such as Galileo’s, Maxwell’s or Einstein’s. The reasons for this are far from obvious; maybe it has to do with the fact that modern biology for the most part sees itself as a thoroughly empirical discipline that engages either in real natural history or in (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14. Experimentation Versus Theory Choice: A Social-Epistemological Approach.Marcel Weber - 2011 - In Hans Bernhard Schmid, Daniel Sirtes & Marcel Weber (eds.), Collective Epistemology. Ontos. pp. 20--203.
  15. Reference, Truth, and Biological Kinds.Marcel Weber - 2014 - In: J. Dutant, D. Fassio and A. Meylan (Eds.) Liber Amicorum Pascal Engel.
    This paper examines causal theories of reference with respect to how plausible an account they give of non-physical natural kind terms such as ‘gene’ as well as of the truth of the associated theoretical claims. I first show that reference fixism for ‘gene’ fails. By this, I mean the claim that the reference of ‘gene’ was stable over longer historical periods, for example, since the classical period of transmission genetics. Second, I show that the theory of partial reference does not (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16.  73
    The Aim and Structure of Ecological Theory.Marcel Weber - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (1):71-93.
    I present an attempt at an explication of the ecological theory of interspecific competition, including its explanatory role in community ecology and evolutionary biology. The account given is based on the idea that law-like statements play an important role in scientific theories of this kind. I suggest that the principle of competitive exclusion is such a law, and that it is evolutionarily invariant. The principle's empirical status is defended and implications for the ongoing debates on the existence of biological laws (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  17.  67
    Indeterminism in Neurobiology.Marcel Weber - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):663-674.
    I examine different arguments that could be used to establish indeterminism of neurological processes. Even though scenarios where single events at the molecular level make the difference in the outcome of such processes are realistic, this falls short of establishing indeterminism, because it is not clear that these molecular events are subject to quantum mechanical uncertainty. Furthermore, attempts to argue for indeterminism autonomously (i.e., independently of quantum mechanics) fail, because both deterministic and indeterministic models can account for the empirically observed (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  18. On the Incompatibility of Dynamical Biological Mechanisms and Causal Graphs.Marcel Weber - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (5):959-971.
    I examine to what extent accounts of mechanisms based on formal interventionist theories of causality can adequately represent biological mechanisms with complex dynamics. Using a differential equation model for a circadian clock mechanism as an example, I first show that there exists an iterative solution that can be interpreted as a structural causal model. Thus, in principle it is possible to integrate causal difference-making information with dynamical information. However, the differential equation model itself lacks the right modularity properties for a (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19. Genes, Causation and Intentionality.Marcel Weber - 2005 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 27 (3/4):399-411.
    I want to exhibit the deeper metaphysical reasons why some common ways of describing the causal role of genes in development and evolution are problematic. Specifically, I show why using the concept of information in an intentional sense in genetics is inappropriate, even given a naturalistic account of intentionality. Furthermore, I argue that descriptions that use notions such as programming, directing or orchestrating are problematic not for empirical reasons, but because they are not strictly causal. They are intentional. By contrast, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  20.  8
    Determinism, Realism, and Probability in Evolutionary Theory.Marcel Weber - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (S3):S213-S224.
    Recent discussion of the statistical character of evolutionary theory has centered around two positions: Determinism combined with the claim that the statistical character is eliminable, a subjective interpretation of probability, and instrumentalism; Indeterminism combined with the claim that the statistical character is ineliminable, a propensity interpretation of probability, and realism. I point out some internal problems in these positions and show that the relationship between determinism, eliminability, realism, and the interpretation of probability is more complex than previously assumed in this (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  21.  35
    Theory Testing in Experimental Biology: The Chemiosmotic Mechanism of ATP Synthesis.Marcel Weber - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (1):29-52.
    Historians of biology have argued that much of the dynamics of experimental disciplines such as genetics or molecular biology can be understood from studying experimental systems and model organisms alone . Such accounts contrast sharply with more traditional philosophies of science which viewed scientific research essentially as a process of inventing and testing theories. I present a case from the history of biochemistry which can be viewed from both the experimental systems perspective and from the methodology of theory testing. I (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  22.  14
    Representing Genes: Classical Mapping Techniques and the Growth of Genetical Knowledge.Marcel Weber - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 29 (2):295-315.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  23.  44
    Representing Genes: Classical Mapping Techniques and the Growth of Genetical Knowledge.Marcel Weber - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 29 (2):295-315.
  24.  42
    On the Incompatibility of Dynamical Biological Mechanisms and Causal Graph Theory.Marcel Weber - unknown
    I examine the adequacy of the causal graph-structural equations approach to causation for modeling biological mechanisms. I focus in particular on mechanisms with complex dynamics such as the PER biological clock mechanism in Drosophila. I show that a quantitative model of this mechanism that uses coupled differential equations – the well-known Goldbeter model – cannot be adequately represented in the standard causal graph framework, even though this framework does permit causal cycles. The reason is that the model contains dynamical information (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  25.  55
    Critical Notice: D Arwinian Reductionism.Marcel Weber - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (1):143-152.
    This notice provides a critical discussion of some of the issues from Alex Rosenberg’s Darwinian Reductionism, in particular proper functions and the relationship of proximate and ultimate biology, developmental programs and genocentrism, biological laws, the principle of natural selection as a fundamental law, genetic determinism, and the definition of “reductionism.”.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  26.  53
    Fitness Made Physical: The Supervenience of Biological Concepts Revisited.Marcel Weber - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):411-431.
    The supervenience and multiple realizability of biological properties have been invoked to support a disunified picture of the biological sciences. I argue that supervenience does not capture the relation between fitness and an organism's physical properties. The actual relation is one of causal dependence and is, therefore, amenable to causal explanation. A case from optimality theory is presented and interpreted as a microreductive explanation of fitness difference. Such microreductions can have considerable scope. Implications are discussed for reductive physicalism in evolutionary (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  27.  43
    Collective Epistemology.Hans Bernhard Schmid, Daniel Sirtes & Marcel Weber (eds.) - 2011 - Ontos.
    The aim of this volume is to examine this claim, and to place it in the wider context of recent epistemological debates about the role of sociality in knowledge acquisition.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  28. Incommensurability and Theory Comparison in Experimental Biology.Marcel Weber - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (2):155-169.
    Incommensurability of scientific theories, as conceived by Thomas Kuhnand Paul Feyerabend, is thought to be a major or even insurmountable obstacletothe empirical comparison of these theories. I examine this problem in light ofaconcrete case from the history of experimental biology, namely the oxidativephosphorylation controversy in biochemistry (ca. 1961-1977). After a briefhistorical exposition, I show that the two main competing theories which werethe subject of the ox-phos controversy instantiate some of the characteristicfeatures of incommensurable theories, namely translation failure,non-corresponding predictions, and different (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  29.  9
    Biology and the Foundation of Ethics.Marcel Weber - 2001 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 4 (1):79-82.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  30.  9
    Theory Testing in Experimental Biology: The Chemiosmotic Mechanism of ATP Synthesis.Marcel Weber - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (1):29-52.
  31.  9
    Discussion Note: Which Kind of Causal Specificity Matters Biologically?Marcel Weber - unknown
    Griffiths et al. have proposed a quantitative measure of causal specificity and used it to assess various attempts to single out genetic causes as being causally more specific than other cellular mechanisms, for example, alternative splicing. Focusing in particular on developmental processes, they have identified a number of important challenges for this project. In this discussion note, I would like to show how these challenges can be met.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32.  1
    Menschliches Leben.Sebastian Knell & Marcel Weber - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  33. Life in a Physical World: The Place of the Life Sciences.Marcel Weber - 2010 - In F. Stadler, D. Dieks, W. Gonzales, S. Hartmann, T. Uebel & M. Weber (eds.), The Present Situation in the Philosophy of Science. Springer. pp. 155--168.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  34.  3
    Explanation, Prediction, and Confirmation.Stephan Hartmann, Marcel Weber, Wenceslao Gonzalez, Dennis Dieks & Thomas Uebe (eds.) - 2011 - Berlin: Springer.
    This volume, the second in the Springer series Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective, contains selected papers from the workshops organised by the ESF Research Networking Programme PSE (The Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective) in 2009. Five general topics are addressed: 1. Formal Methods in the Philosophy of Science; 2. Philosophy of the Natural and Life Sciences; 3. Philosophy of the Cultural and Social Sciences; 4. Philosophy of the Physical Sciences; 5. History of the Philosophy of Science. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35.  31
    Evolutionary Plasticity in Prokaryotes: A Panglossian View.Marcel Weber - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (1):67-88.
    Enzyme directed genetic mechanisms causing random DNA sequence alterations are ubiquitous in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. A number of molecular geneticist have invoked adaptation through natural selection to account for this fact, however, alternative explanations have also flourished. The population geneticist G.C. Williams has dismissed the possibility of selection for mutator activity on a priori grounds. In this paper, I attempt a refutation of Williams' argument. In addition, I discuss some conceptual problems related to recent claims made by microbiologists on (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  36.  5
    Under the Lamppost.Marcel Weber - 2001 - In MachamerPeter (ed.), Theory and Method in the Neurosciences. pp. 231.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37. Philosophie der Lebenswissenschaften.Susanne Bauer, Lara Huber, Marie I. Kaiser, Lara Keuck, Ulrich Krohs, Maria Kronfeldner, Peter McLaughlin, Kären Nickelson, Thomas Reydon, Neil Roughley, Christian Sachse, Marianne Schark, Georg Toepfer, Marcel Weber & Markus Wild - 2013 - Information Philosophie 4:14-27.
    This paper summarizes (in German) recent tendencies in the philosophy of the life sciences.
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  60
    Explanation, Prediction, and Confirmation.Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao Gonzalo, Thomas Uebel, Stephan Hartmann & Marcel Weber (eds.) - 2011 - Springer.
    This volume, the second in the Springer series Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective, contains selected papers from the workshops organised by the ESF ...
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  20
    The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations (Review).Martin Reinhart & Marcel Weber - 2006 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (2):305-308.
  40. Searching for New Contrasts.F. G. Riffert & Marcel Weber (eds.) - 2002 - Vienna: Peter Lang.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  30
    Über die Vergleichbarkeit metaphysischer Systeme: Der Fall Leibniz kontra Locke.Marcel Weber - 2005 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 59 (2):202 - 222.
    Dieser Aufsatz untersucht die Vergleichbarkeit metaphysischer Systeme an einem historischen Fallbeispiel, Leibniz' Kritik an Locke. Die zentrale Frage ist, wie weit es Leibniz gelingt, Lockes Thesen zu widerlegen ohne dabei einfach Behauptungen aus seinem eigenen System vorauszusetzen. Es wird gezeigt, dass Leibniz dies nur bei der Frage nach der Existenz eingeborener Ideen gelingt, nicht aber bei der Denkfähigkeit der Materie oder der Existenz unbewusster mentaler Vorgänge. Die Quellen dieser Unvergleichbarkeit werden mittels des wissenschaftstheoretischen Begriffs der semantischen Inkommensurabilität analysiert.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. Behavioral Traits, the Intentional Stance, and Biological Functions.Marcel Weber - 2011 - In Kathryn Plaisance & Thomas A. C. Reydon (eds.), Philosophy of Behavioral Biology. Berlin: Springer. pp. 317-328.
    It has been claimed that the intentional stance is necessary to individuate behavioral traits. This thesis, while clearly false, points to two interesting sets of problems concerning biological explanations of behavior: The first is a general in the philosophy of science: the theory-ladenness of observation. The second problem concerns the principles of trait individuation, which is a general problem in philosophy of biology. After discussing some alternatives, I show that one way of individuating the behavioral traits of an organism is (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  70
    Causal Specificity, Biological Possibility and Non-Parity About Genetic Causes.Marcel Weber - manuscript
    Several authors have used the notion of causal specificity in order to defend non-parity about genetic causes (Waters 2007, Woodward 2010, Weber 2017, forthcoming). Non-parity in this context is the idea that DNA and some other biomolecules that are often described as information-bearers by biologists play a unique role in life processes, an idea that has been challenged by Developmental Systems Theory (e.g., Oyama 2000). Indeed, it has proven to be quite difficult to state clearly what the alleged special role (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  15
    Darwinism as a Theory for Finite Beings.Marcel Weber - 2005 - In Vittorio G. Hösle & Christian F. Illies (eds.), Darwinism and Philosophy. Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, USA: pp. 275-297.
    Darwin famously held that his use of the term "chance" in evolutionary theory merely "serves to acknowledge plainly our ignorance of the causes of each particular variation". Is this a tenable view today? Or should we revise our thinking about chance in evolution in light of the more advanced, quantitative models of Neo-Darwinian theory, which make substantial use of statistical reasoning and the concept of probability? Is determinism still a viable metaphysical doctrine about biological reality after the quantum revolution in (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. Die Architektur der Synthese. Entstehung und Philosophie der modernen Evolutionstheorie.Marcel Weber - 1996 - Dissertation, University of Konstanz
    This Ph.D. thesis provides a pilosophical account of the structure of the evolutionary synthesis of the 1930s and 40s. The first, more historical part analyses how classical genetics came to be integrated into evolutionary thinking, highlighting in particular the importance of chromosomal mapping of Drosophila strains collected in the wild by Dobzansky, but also the work of Goldschmidt, Sumners, Timofeeff-Ressovsky and others. The second, more philosophical part attempts to answer the question wherein the unity of the synthesis consisted. I argue (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  5
    Epistemologie des Konkreten: Studien Zur Geschichte der Modernen Biologie. [REVIEW]Marcel Weber - 2007 - Isis 98 (2):665-666.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  13
    Experimentation Versus Theory Choice: A Social-Epistemological Account.Marcel Weber - unknown
    This paper examines how experimental scientists choose theoretical frameworks as well as their experimental systems for doing research. I start out with Kuhn's claim that there are no algorithms that could determine the coices made by individual scientists. Samir Okasha has recently provided an argument for this claim in terms of social choice theory, which I briefly discuss. Then, I show why this problem is not relevant in an experimental science. There are social mechanisms in place that make sure the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. Hans Drieschs Argumente Für den Vitalismus.Marcel Weber - 1999 - Philosophia Naturalis 36 (2):263-293.
    Ich rekonstruiere und kritisiere Hans Drieschs Argumentation für die Behauptung, daß biologischen Prozessen nur eine substanzdualistische Ontologie der belebten Materie (Vitalismus) gerecht werden kann. Meine Diagnose lautet, daß Drieschs Argumentation zwar logisch schlüssig ist bzw. durch leichte Modifikationen in eine logisch gültige Form gebracht werden kann, aber von empirisch unbegründeten, metaphysischen Prämissen über die Möglichkeiten eines energieumwandelnden Mechanismus ausgeht.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  13
    Hans‐Jörg Rheinberger.Epistemologie des Konkreten: Studien zur Geschichte der modernen Biologie. . 415 pp., figs., bibl., index. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp Verlag, 2006. €14. [REVIEW]Marcel Weber - 2007 - Isis 98 (3):665-666.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  28
    Indeterminism in Neurobiology: Some Good and Some Bad News.Marcel Weber - unknown
    I examine some philosophical arguments as well as current empirical research in molecular neurobiology in order to throw some new light on the question of whether neurological processes are deterministic or indeterministic. I begin by showing that the idea of an autonomous biological indeterminism violates the principle of the supervenience of biological properties on physical properties. If supervenience is accepted, quantum mechanics is the only hope for the neuro-indeterminist. But this would require that indeterministic quantum-mechanical effects play a role in (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 56