194 found
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  1. Strategies of Understanding.Marcelo Dascal - 1981 - In Herman Parret & Jacques Bouveresse (eds.), Meaning and Understanding. W. De Gruyter. pp. 327--352.
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  2. Malthus and Ricardo on Economic Methodology.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi & Marcelo Dascal - 1996 - History of Political Economy 28 (3):475-511.
    The paper is a comparative study of the methodologies of Malthus and Ricardo. Its claims are: (i) economic laws almost always admit of exceptions for Malthus; for Ricardo even contingent predictions allow no exception apart from random temporary variations; (ii) both rely on the prestigious Newtonian paradigm, while interpreting it according to two distinct methodological traditions (the one deriving from MacLaurin, the other from Priestley); (iii) the choice of stressing what happens during intervals or in permanent states leads to opposing (...)
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  3. Interpretation and Understanding.Marcelo Dascal - 2006 - Critica 38 (114):93-98.
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  4. The Malthus-Ricardo Correspondence: Sequential Structure, Argumentative Patterns, and Rationality.Marcelo Dascal & Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 1999 - Journal of Pragmatics 31 (9):1129-1172.
    Although the controversy between Malthus and Ricardo has long been considered to be an important source for the history of economic thought, it has hardly been the object of a careful study qua controversy, i.e. as a polemical dialogical exchange. We have undertaken to fill this gap, within the framework of a more ambitious project that places controversies at the center of an account of the history of ideas, in science and elsewhere. It is our contention that the dialogical co-text (...)
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  5.  84
    Persuasion and Argument in the Malthus-Ricardo Correspondence.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi & Marcelo Dascal - 1998 - In Warren J. Samuels & Jeff E. Biddle (eds.), Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology. Volume 16. Stamford, Conn, USA: pp. 1-63.
    We reconstruct the text, that is, we analyse the development of the discussion between Malthus and Ricardo both in the correspondence and in published works, paying special attention to (a) the use of methodological statements, (b) some pragmatic features of the controversy, (c) considerations pertaining to the meta-level of the controversy (assessments of the status of the controversy, of ways of solving it, etc.); then, we reconstruct the co-text, that is, unpublished papers by each opponent that were not made available (...)
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  6.  39
    The Unitarian Connection and Ricardo's Scientific Style.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi & Marcelo Dascal - 2002 - History of Political Economy 34 (2):505-508.
    We reply to Philippe Depoortère’s paper “On Ricardo’s method: The Unitarian influence examined. Some comments on Cremaschi and Dascal’s article ‘Malthus and Ricardo on Economic Methodology’”. Depoortère asks two questions: (1) was Ricardo’s ‘conversion’ to Unitarianism sincere? (2) did Ricardo follow the methodologies of Priestley and Belsham? His answers are that he was a ‘religious skeptic’ and he was not an ‘empiricist’ like Priestley and Belsham. We reply that the sincerity of Ricardo’s religious beliefs is irrelevant since we start with (...)
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  7.  84
    Dichotomies and Types of Debate.Marcelo Dascal - unknown
    Dichotomies are ubiquitous in deliberative thinking, in decision making and in arguing in all spheres of life.[i] Sticking uncompromisingly to a dichotomy may lead to sharp disagreement and paradox, but it can also sharpen the issues at stake and help to find a solution. Dichotomies are particularly in evidence in debates, i.e., in argumentative dialogical exchanges characterized by their agonistic nature. The protagonists in a debate worth its name hold positions that are or that they take to be opposed; they (...)
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  8.  14
    The Study of Controversies and the Theory and History of Science.Marcelo Dascal - 1998 - Science in Context 11 (2):147-154.
  9.  14
    Epistemología, controversias y pragmática.Marcelo Dascal - 1995 - Isegoría 12:8-43.
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  10.  22
    Nihil Sine Ratione À Blandior Ratio.Marcelo Dascal - unknown
    blandior ratio : C, 34). I will first survey how extensive, albeit usually overlooked, is Leibniz’s concern with these “weaker” forms of reasoning, and how crucial they are for many of his practical and theoretical endeavors. I will then trace back this acute need of Leibniz´s brand of rationalism to the peculiar nature of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR), as opposed to the other basic principle of his philosophy, the Principle of Contradiction (PC). I will present here only the (...)
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  11.  22
    Leibniz: What Kind of Rationalist?Marcelo Dascal (ed.) - 2008 - Springer.
    What are the most significant features of his 'rationalism', whatever it is?For the first time an outstanding group of Leibniz researchers, some acknowledged as ...
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  12.  44
    Leibniz's Two-Pronged Dialectic.Marcelo Dascal - 2008 - In Leibniz: What Kind of Rationalist? Springer. pp. 37--72.
  13.  19
    Pragmatics and the Philosophy of Mind.Marcelo Dascal - 1983 - John Benjamins.
    This volume deals with the relation between pragmatics and the philosophy of mind.
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  14.  88
    Malthus and Ricardo: Two Styles for Economic Theory.Sergio Cremaschi & Marcelo Dascal - 1998 - Science in Context 11 (2):229-254.
    We examine the most famous controversy between economists as a means of shedding fresh light on the current debate about economic methodology. By focusing on the controversy as the primary unit of analysis, we show how methodological considerations are but one of a whole set of stratagems strategically employed by each opponent. We argue that each opponent's preference for a particular kind of stratagems expresses his own specific scientific style (within the general scientific and cultural style of an age). We (...)
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  15.  74
    Language as a Cognitive Technology.Marcelo Dascal - 2002 - International Journal of Cognition and Technology 1 (1):35-61.
    _Ever since Descartes singled out the ability to use natural language appropriately in any given circumstance as the proof_ _that humans – unlike animals and machines – have minds, an idea that Turing transformed into his well-known test to_ _determine whether machines have intelligence, the close connection between language and cognition has been widely_ _acknowledged, although it was accounted for in quite different ways. Recent advances in natural language processing, as_ _well as attempts to create “embodied conversational agents” which couple (...))
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  16.  57
    Types of Polemics and Types of Polemical Moves.Marcelo Dascal - unknown
    The man who is seeking to convert another in the proper manner should do so in a dialectical and not in a contentious way ... he who asks questions in a contentious spirit and he who in replying refuses to admit what is apparent ... are both of them bad dialecticians.
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  17.  40
    The Balance of Reason.Marcelo Dascal - unknown
    If we had a balance of reasons, where the arguments presented in favor and against the case were weighed precisely and the verdict could be pronounced in favor of the most inclined scale ... [we would have] a more valuable art than that miraculous science of producing gold.
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  18. Colonizing and Decolonizing Minds.Marcelo Dascal - unknown
    Whereas the most visible forms of political colonialism have for the most part disappeared from the planet by the end of the millennium, several of its consequences remain with us. Criticism of colonialism, accordingly, has shifted its focus to its more subtle and lasting manifestations. Prominent among these are the varieties of what came to be known as the ‘colonization of the mind’. This is one of the forms of ‘epistemic violence’ that it is certainly the task of philosophers to (...)
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  19.  21
    Defending Literal Meaning.Marcelo Dascal - 1987 - Cognitive Science 11 (3):259-281.
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  20.  41
    The Marriage of Pragmatics and Rhetoric.Marcelo Dascal & Alan G. Gross - 1999 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 32 (2):107-130.
  21.  68
    Transparency and Doubt: Understanding and Interpretation in Pragmatics and in Law.Marcelo Dascal & Jerzy Wroblewski - 1989 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 4 (2):427-450.
  22. The Institution of Philosophy: A Discipline in Crisis?Avner Cohen & Marcelo Dascal (eds.) - 1989 - Open Court.
  23.  20
    Inadequacies of Chisholm's Definitions of the Evident.Marcelo Dascal & Lydia Amir - 1981 - Critica 13 (37):69-76.
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  24.  72
    Transparency and Doubt: Understanding and Interpretation in Pragmatics and in Law. [REVIEW]Marcelo Dascal & Jerzy Wróblewski - 1988 - Law and Philosophy 7 (2):427-450.
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  25.  53
    How Rational Can a Polemic Across the Analytic -Continental 'Divide' Be?Marcelo Dascal - 2001 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 9 (3):313 – 339.
    In spite of the widespread belief that there is (or at least there was) a clearcut and deep opposition between two forms of philosophizing vaguely characterized as 'continental' and 'analytic', it is not easy to find actual examples of debates between philosophers that clearly belong to the opposed camps. Perhaps the reason is that, on the assumption that the alleged 'divide' is so deep, each side feels that there is no point in arguing against the other, for argumentation would quickly (...)
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  26.  34
    Epistemology, Controversies, and Pragmatics.Marcelo Dascal - unknown
    In this paper, I wish to present and defend the thesis that the impasse at which the philosophy and history of science find themselves in the last couple of decades is due, to a large extent, either to the complete neglect or to a misguided treatment of t he role of scientific controversies in the evolution of science.
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  27.  16
    On the Roles of Context and Literal Meaning in Understanding.Marcelo Dascal - 1989 - Cognitive Science 13 (2):253-257.
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  28.  16
    Reflexiones Sobre La 'crisis de la modernidad'.Marcelo Dascal - 1988 - Critica 20 (58):3-42.
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  29. Leibniz's Conciliatory Approaches in Scientific Controversies.Marcelo Dascal & Erez Firt - 2010 - In The Practice of Reason: Leibniz and His Controversies. John Benjamins. pp. 7--137.
  30.  17
    Leibniz and Epistemological Diversity.Marcelo Dascal - unknown
    It was a tie; the heavenly vote was split right down the middle -- two in favor; two against. At issue -- "Should man be created?" The ministering angels formed parties: Love said, "Yes, let him be created, because he will dispense acts of love"; while Truth argued, "No, let him not be created, for he is a complete fake". Righteousness countered, "Yes, let him be created, because he will do righteous deeds; and Peace demurred, "Let him not be created, (...)
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  31.  23
    The Impact of Cognitive Technologies: Towards a Pragmatic Approach.Marcelo Dascal & Itiel E. Dror - 2005 - Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (3):451.
  32.  26
    Procedures in Scientific Research and in Language Understanding.Marcelo Dascal & Asher Idan - 1981 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 12 (2):226-249.
    Summary Pluralism and monism are the two current views concerning scientific research and language understanding. Between them there is a third, intermediate, view. We take a procedural methodology of science as exemplified in the work of L. Tondl, and procedural linguistics , as exemplified in the work of B. Harrison, to be representative of this third possibility. Procedures are cognitive, linguistic, and physical processes which, through their hierarchical interconnections can generate fruitful mechanisms . These mechanisms are sensitive to context and (...)
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  33. The dispute on the primacy of thinking or speaking.Georg Meggle, Kuno Lorenz, Dietfried Gerhardus & Marcelo Dascal - 1995 - In Georg Meggle, Kuno Lorenz, Dietfried Gerhardus & Marcelo Dascal (eds.), Sprachphilosophie: Ein Internationales Handbuch Zeitgenössischer Forschung. Walter de Gruyter.
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  34. Speech Act Theory and Gricean Pragmatics: Some Differences of Detail That Make a Difference.Marcelo Dascal - 1994 - In Savas L. Tsohatzidis (ed.), Foundations of Speech Act Theory: Philosophical and Linguistic Perspectives. Routledge. pp. 323--334.
     
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  35. Leibniz and Spinoza. Language and Cognition in Spinoza and Leibniz.Marcelo Dascal - 1990 - Studia Spinozana: An International and Interdisciplinary Series 6:103-145.
     
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  36.  16
    Hermeneutic Interpretation and Pragmatic Interpretation.Marcelo Dascal - 1989 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 22 (4):239 - 259.
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  37.  31
    Argument, War and the Role of the Media in Conflict Management.Marcelo Dascal - unknown
    Even more precious perhaps is the tradition that works against Â… that misuse of language which consists in pseudo-arguments and propaganda. This is the tradition and discipline of clear speaking..
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  38. The Art of Controversies.G. W. Leibniz, Marcelo Dascal, Quintin Racionero & Adelino Cardoso - 2006 - Studia Leibnitiana 38 (2):242-244.
     
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  39.  7
    ‘Cognitive Systemic Dichotomization’ in Public Argumentation and Controversies.Marcelo Dascal, Amnon Knoll & Daniel Cohen - unknown
    We describe and analyze an important cognitive obstacle in inter- and intra-community ar-gumentation processes, which we propose to call 'Cognitive Systemic Dichotomization'. This social phenomenon consists in the collective use of shared cognitive patterns based upon dichotomous schemati-zation of knowledge, values, and affection. We discuss the formative role of CSD on a community’s collec-tive cognition, identity, and public discourse, as well as the challenges it raises to reasoned argumentation, and how different approaches to argumentation undertake to face this obstacle to (...)
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  40.  15
    Transparency in Scientific Communication: From Leibnizג€™s Dream to Todayג€™s Reality.Marcelo Dascal - unknown
    Communication is a crucial component of scientific activity (as of virtually any other domain of human activity, especially in this "communication age" in which we live). As researchers and as citizens, we should all be concerned with the communication of science as well as with communication within science. In this paper, I will deal with one of the key aspects of this topic ג€“ the question whether scientific communication is or should be ג€�transparentג€�. The view that this is or should (...)
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  41.  25
    Semantics and the Psyche.Marcelo Dascal & Amir Horowitz - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (2):395-399.
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  42.  21
    Towards a Dialectic of Tolerance.Marcelo Dascal - unknown
    I was in Bucharest for a few days, not long before the fall of Ceaucescu’s regime. The fear, both of the authorities and of the people, which reigned in the city was vividly felt everywhere. To be sure, the communist regime was based on a doctrine that called itself ‘dialectic’. Unfortunately, it was a ‘dialectic’ that had nothing to do with dialogue, with listening to the other, respecting the other, and learning from the other. It assumed that ‘truth’ and ‘justice’ (...)
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  43.  79
    Controversies and Epistemology.Marcelo Dascal - 2001 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2001:159-192.
    I present and defend the thesis that the impasse at which the philosophy and history of science find themselves in the last couple of decades is due, to a large extent, either to the complete neglect or to a misguided treatment of the role of scientific controversies in the evolution of science. In order to do so, I first provide a preliminary clarification of the impasse to which I refer. I go on to explain why I see the study of (...)
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  44.  26
    Language and Money. A Simile and its Meaning in 17th Century Philosophy of Language.Marcelo Dascal - 1976 - Studia Leibnitiana 8 (2):187 - 218.
    Trois philosophes du 17ème siècle, à son début, vers sa moitié et près de sa fin, ont utilisé la comparaison entre mots et monnaie: Bacon, Hobbes et Leibniz, respectivement. Quoique leurs textes à cet égard soient très semblables, ils emploient cette comparaison pour expliquer des thèses assez différentes sur la nature et les fonctions du langage. Cet article essaye de dégager ces différences, en les rapportant aux différentes philosophies du langage de ces auteurs. Il est aussi suggéré que de telles (...)
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  45. La sémiologie de Leibniz.Marcelo Dascal - 1979 - Studia Leibnitiana 11 (1):146-150.
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  46.  11
    Mental Diversity and Utility: A Pragmatic Approach to the Debate.Marcelo Dascal - 2009 - Pragmatics and Cognition 17 (2):403-420.
    Geoffrey Lloyd, in his book Cognitive Variations , addresses the puzzle of cognitive diversity vs. cognitive unity of our mental life by analyzing a number of debates related to it. Accounting for the fact that human mental life across cultures both shares many of its fundamental features and differs in many others, no less fundamental ones, apparently cannot but engender a dilemma, as long as only reductionist solutions are considered, for neither radical diversity is reducible to unity nor vice versa. (...)
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  47.  10
    Critique Without Critics?Marcelo Dascal - 1997 - Science in Context 10 (1):39-62.
  48.  9
    Toler'ncia e interpretaçáo.Marcelo Dascal - 1989 - Critica 21 (62):3-28.
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  49.  42
    Writing and the Mind.David R. Olson & Marcelo Dascal - 2013 - Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (3):425-430.
  50.  15
    The Impact of Cognitive Technologies: Towards a Pragmatic Approach.Marcelo Dascal & Itiel E. Dror - 2005 - Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (3):451-457.
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