Results for 'Marcie Pitt-Catsouphes'

306 found
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  1.  19
    Gallina and Pitt: Similarities and Differences.Jack Pitt - 1984 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 4 (2):311.
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  2. New Perspectives on Galileo Papers Deriving From and Related to a Workshop on Galileo Held at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1975; Edited by Robert E. Butts and Joseph C. Pitt. --. [REVIEW]Robert E. Butts & Joseph C. Pitt - 1978 - D. Reidel.
     
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  3.  4
    Corporate Social Responsibility and Employee Outcomes: The Role of Country Context.Tay K. McNamara, Rene Carapinha, Marcie Pitt-Catsouphes, Monique Valcour & Sharon Lobel - 2017 - Business Ethics: A European Review 26 (4):413-427.
    This study examined the association between employee perceptions of two foci of corporate social responsibility and work attitudes in different countries. Using data collected as part of a multinational research project with a core team in the United States, we found that perceptions of externally focused CSR enactment were positively associated with employee engagement and affective commitment. Perceptions of internally focused CSR enactment were positively associated with affective commitment but not with employee engagement. Analyses across countries revealed more cultural than (...)
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  4. Intentional Psychologism.David Pitt - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 146 (1):117-138.
    In the past few years, a number of philosophers ; Horgan and Tienson ; Pitt 2004) have maintained the following three theses: there is a distinctive sort of phenomenology characteristic of conscious thought, as opposed to other sorts of conscious mental states; different conscious thoughts have different phenomenologies; and thoughts with the same phenomenology have the same intentional content. The last of these three claims is open to at least two different interpretations. It might mean that the phenomenology of a (...)
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  5.  12
    On Having One's Chance: Autonomy as Education's Limit.Alice Pitt - 2010 - Educational Theory 60 (1):1-18.
    When hopelessness and helplessness become recurring themes in teacher education scholarship, this signals a conceptual problem with the question of autonomy in the profession. In this essay, Alice Pitt argues that breakdowns of professional life belong to what is most subjective in the profession. Pitt opens her analysis of this conundrum by examining some earlier formulations of the problem of learning a profession. Next, she explores four orientations to the role of education in modern life and examines an interview with (...)
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  6. The Phenomenology of Cognition Or What Is It Like to Think That P?David Pitt - 2004 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research (1):1-36.
    A number of philosophers endorse, without argument, the view that there’s something it’s like consciously to think that p, which is distinct from what it’s like consciously to think that q. This thesis, if true, would have important consequences for philosophy of mind and cognitive science. In this paper I offer two arguments for it. The first argument claims it would be impossible introspectively to distinguish conscious thoughts with respect to their content if there weren’t something it’s like to think (...)
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  7.  67
    Introspection, Phenomenality, and the Availability of Intentional Content.David Pitt - 2011 - In Tim Bayne & Michelle Montague (eds.), Cognitive Phenomenology. Oxford University Press. pp. 141.
  8.  11
    Toward a Method of Selecting Among Computational Models of Cognition.Mark A. Pitt, In Jae Myung & Shaobo Zhang - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (3):472-491.
  9.  8
    Women and the Mathematical Mystique.H. R. Pitt, Fox, Brody & Tobin - 1982 - British Journal of Educational Studies 30 (2):251.
  10. Mental Representation.David Pitt - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The notion of a "mental representation" is, arguably, in the first instance a theoretical construct of cognitive science. As such, it is a basic concept of the Computational Theory of Mind, according to which cognitive states and processes are constituted by the occurrence, transformation and storage (in the mind/brain) of information-bearing structures (representations) of one kind or another.
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  11.  66
    When a Good Fit Can Be Bad.M. A. Pitt & I. J. Myung - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (10):421-425.
  12.  9
    Spatializing Emotion: No Evidence for a Domain‐General Magnitude System.Benjamin Pitt & Daniel Casasanto - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (7):2150-2180.
    People implicitly associate different emotions with different locations in left-right space. Which aspects of emotion do they spatialize, and why? Across many studies people spatialize emotional valence, mapping positive emotions onto their dominant side of space and negative emotions onto their non-dominant side, consistent with theories of metaphorical mental representation. Yet other results suggest a conflicting mapping of emotional intensity, according to which people associate more intense emotions with the right and less intense emotions with the left — regardless of (...)
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  13.  46
    The Dilemma of Case Studies: Toward a Heraclitian Philosophy of Science.Joseph C. Pitt - 2001 - Perspectives on Science 9 (4):373-382.
    : What do appeals to case studies accomplish? Consider the dilemma: On the one hand, if the case is selected because it exemplifies the philosophical point, then it is not clear that the historical data hasn't been manipulated to fit the point. On the other hand, if one starts with a case study, it is not clear where to go from there—for it is unreasonable to generalize from one case or even two or three.
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  14. Unconscious Intentionality.David Pitt - unknown
    Some contemporary philosophers – most notably John Searle and Galen Strawson – have persisted in the Cartesian intuition that consciousness and intentionality are somehow essentially connected. Descartes himself held that the relation between consciousness and intentionality is especially intimate: there can be no unconscious mental states of any kind; and no creature incapable of consciousness is capable of mentality. Descartes’s view is widely acknowledged to have been discredited by Freud, and by contemporary cognitive science. Freud argued that the best explanations (...)
     
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  15. In Defense of Definitions.David Pitt - 1999 - Philosophical Psychology 12 (2):139-156.
    The arguments of Fodor, Garret, Walker and Parkes [(1980) Against definitions, Cognition, 8, 263-367] are the source of widespread skepticism in cognitive science about lexical semantic structure. Whereas the thesis that lexical items, and the concepts they express, have decompositional structure (i.e. have significant constituents) was at one time "one of those ideas that hardly anybody [in the cognitive sciences] ever considers giving up" (p. 264), most researchers now believe that "[a]ll the evidence suggests that the classical [(decompositional)] view is (...)
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  16.  5
    Global Model Analysis by Parameter Space Partitioning.Mark A. Pitt, Woojae Kim, Daniel J. Navarro & Jay I. Myung - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (1):57-83.
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  17. Alter Egos and Their Names.David Pitt - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (10):531.
    ailure of substitutivity of coreferential terms, one of the hallmarks of referential opacity, is standardly explained in terms of the presence of an expression (such as a verb of propositional attitude, a modal adverb or quotation marks) with opacity-inducing properties. It is thus assumed that any term in a complex expression for which substitutivity fails will be within the scope of an expression of one of these types, and that where there is an expression of one of these types there (...)
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  18.  12
    Jaakko Hintikka. Modality and Quantification. Theoria , Vol. 27 , Pp. 119–128. - Jaakko Hintikka. The Modes of Modality. Proceedings of a Colloquium on Modal and Many-Valued Logics, Helsinki, 23–26 August, 1962, Acta Philosophica Fennica, No. 16, Helsinki 1963, Pp. 65–81. [REVIEW]W. B. Pitt - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (1):122-123.
  19. Indexical Thought.David Pitt - 2013 - In Uriah Kriegel (ed.), Phenomenal Intentionality. Oxford University Press. pp. 49.
    Call a thought whose expression involves the utterance of an indexical an indexical thought . Thus, my thoughts that I’m annoyed, that now is not the right time, that this is not acceptable, are all indexical thoughts. Such thoughts present a prima facie problem for the thesis that thought contents are phenomenally individuated -- i.e., that each distinct thought type has a proprietarily cognitive phenomenology such that its having that phenomenology makes it the thought that it is -- given the (...)
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  20. Nine Ways to Bias Open-Source AGI Toward Friendliness.Ben Goertzel & Joel Pitt - 2011 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 22 (1):116-131.
    While it seems unlikely that any method of guaranteeing human-friendliness on the part of advanced Artificial General Intelligence systems will be possible, this doesn’t mean the only alternatives are throttling AGI development to safeguard humanity, or plunging recklessly into the complete unknown. Without denying the presence of a certain irreducible uncertainty in such matters, it is still sensible to explore ways of biasing the odds in a favorable way, such that newly created AI systems are significantly more likely than not (...)
     
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  21.  8
    Optimal Experimental Design for Model Discrimination.Jay I. Myung & Mark A. Pitt - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (3):499-518.
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  22.  17
    Measuring Model Flexibility With Parameter Space Partitioning: An Introduction and Application Example.Mark A. Pitt, Jay I. Myung, Maximiliano Montenegro & James Pooley - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (8):1285-1303.
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  23. Theories of Explanation.Joseph C. Pitt (ed.) - 1988 - Oxford University Press.
    Since the publication of Carl Hempel and Paul Oppenheim's ground-breaking work "Studies in the Logic of Explanation," the theory of explanation has remained a major topic in the philosophy of science. This valuable collection provides readers with the opportunity to study some of the classic essays on the theory of explanation along with the best examples of the most recent work being done on the topic. In addition to the original Hempel and Oppenheim paper, the volume includes Scriven's critical reaction (...)
     
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  24.  4
    Concept Audits. [REVIEW]Joseph Pitt - 2017 - Review of Metaphysics 71 (3).
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  25.  39
    Corruption in Business — Are Management Attitudes Right?Leyland F. Pitt & Russell Abratt - 1986 - Journal of Business Ethics 5 (1):39-44.
    Corruption in business is as old as business itself. Corruption exists to some extent in all cultures, under all market systems and in all countries. The objectives of this paper are not to stand in judgement or to consider moral issues. This article considers the findings of a study concerning managerial attitudes towards corruption in business. The methodology involves a number of scenarios which could be construed as being deviant or dishonest. These are presented to respondents. Respondents are then asked (...)
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  26. Nativism and the Theory of Content.David Pitt - 2000 - ProtoSociology 14:222-239.
    Externalism is the view that the intentional content of a mental state supervenes on its relations to objects in the extramental world. Nativism is the view that some of the innate states of the mind/brain have intentional content.I consider both “causal” and “nomic” versions of externalism, and argue that both are incompatible with nativism. I consider likely candidates for a compatibilist position – a nativism of “narrow” representational states, and a nativism of the contentless formal “vehicles” of representational states. I (...)
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  27.  5
    Hostile Inaction? Antipater, Craterus and the Macedonian Regency.E. M. Pitt & W. P. Richardson - 2017 - Classical Quarterly 67 (1):77-87.
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  28.  50
    Davis Baird, Thing Knowledge: A Philosophy of Scientific Instruments. Berkeley: University of California Press , 295 Pp., $65.00. [REVIEW]Joseph Pitt - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (4):645-647.
  29.  34
    What Engineers Know.Joseph C. Pitt - 2001 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 5 (3):116-123.
  30.  51
    When is an Image Not an Image?Joseph C. Pitt - 2005 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 8 (3):24-33.
  31.  59
    The Epistemology of the Very Small.Joseph C. Pitt - unknown
    The question is how do Scanning Electron Microscopes (SEMs) give us access to the nano world? The images these instruments produce, I argue, do not allow us to see atoms in the same way that we see trees. To the extent that SEMs and STMs allow us to see the occupants of the nano world it is by way of metaphorical extension of the concept of “seeing”. The more general claim is that changes in scientific instrumentation effect changes in the (...)
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  32.  6
    Galileo and His Sources the Heritage of the Collegio Romano in Galileo s Science.Joseph C. Pitt - 1984
  33. The Burgean Intuitions.David Pitt - manuscript
    have established that psychological content can be socially determined. They are taken to show that, contrary to the traditional Cartesian conception, the contents of an individual’s thoughts are not always determined by his intrinsic properties alone, but can depend on the practices of the linguistic community of which he is a member. Specifically, Burge claims that his thought experiments show that the socially determined meanings of the words a linguistically competent individual uses to express his thoughts about himself, his fellows (...)
     
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  34.  59
    The Paraphenomenal Hypothesis.David Pitt - 2017 - Analysis 77 (4):735-741.
    Reductive representationalism is the view that the qualitative properties associated with conscious experience are properties of the objects of the experience, and not of the experience itself. A prima facie problem for this view arises from dreams and hallucinations, in which qualitative properties are experienced but not instantiated in external objects of perception. I argue that representationalist attempts to solve it by appeal to actually uninstantiated properties are guilty of an absurdity akin to that which Ryle accused Descartes of in (...)
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  35.  74
    What Should Be the Data Sharing Policy of Cognitive Science?Mark A. Pitt & Yun Tang - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (1):214-221.
    There is a growing chorus of voices in the scientific community calling for greater openness in the sharing of raw data that lead to a publication. In this commentary, we discuss the merits of sharing, common concerns that are raised, and practical issues that arise in developing a sharing policy. We suggest that the cognitive science community discuss the topic and establish a data-sharing policy.
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  36.  16
    Speak to Me.Joseph Pitt - 2007 - Metascience 16 (1):51-59.
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  37.  42
    It’s Not About Technology.Joseph C. Pitt - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (3-4):445-454.
    It is argued that the question “Can we trust technology?” is unanswerable because it is open-ended. Only questions about specific issues that can have specific answers should be entertained. It is further argued that the reason the question cannot be answered is that there is no such thing as Technology simpliciter. Fundamentally, the question comes down to trusting people and even then, the question has to be specific about trusting a person to do this or that.
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  38.  14
    The Pursuit of Computational Justice in Open Systems.Jeremy Pitt, Dídac Busquets & Régis Riveret - 2015 - AI and Society 30 (3):359-378.
  39. Theories of explanation.Joseph C. Pitt - 1989 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 179 (4):654-655.
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  40.  32
    Cognitive Modeling Repository.Jay Myung & Mark Pitt - unknown
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  41.  30
    Hume and Peirce on Belief, or, Why Belief Should Not Be Considered an Epistemic Category.Joseph C. Pitt - 2005 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 41 (2):343 - 354.
  42.  28
    Folding Souls or the Real Self?: The Theories of Self of Roy Bhaskar and Nicholas Rose Through the Case of Five Visual Artists.Kathy Pitt - 2010 - Journal of Critical Realism 9 (2):172-198.
    Arguments about the discursive shaping of our inner lives explain the shaping powers of normalising forces on individual and collective social action, but, I argue here, do not adequately account for the actions of those who choose to follow alternative ways of being. Meta- Reality brings into this picture those aspects of being that are ‘beyond language’, and theorises human consciousness as stratified. I argue that it provides a fuller theoretical explanation for the motivations of five contemporary British visual artists. (...)
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  43.  11
    Business Ethics: Defining the Twilight Zone. [REVIEW]Deon Nel, Leyland Pitt & Richard Watson - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (10):781 - 791.
    This paper examines the issue of ethics policy in organizations. While the actions of top management may be the single most important factor in fostering corporate behaviour of a high ethical standard, there should be policy where policy is needed. The perceptions of three managerial groups — top- marketing- and purchasing managers — are compared regarding firstly, whether they see a need for policy on a range of ethically contentious issues, and secondly whether they believe there is policy covering these (...)
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  44.  8
    Distal Rhythm Influences Whether or Not Listeners Hear a Word in Continuous Speech: Support for a Perceptual Grouping Hypothesis.Tuuli H. Morrill, Laura C. Dilley, J. Devin McAuley & Mark A. Pitt - 2014 - Cognition 131 (1):69-74.
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  45.  39
    Editorial Statement.Joseph C. Pitt, Pieter E. Vermaas & Peter-Paul Verbeek - 2007 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 11 (1):1-1.
  46.  17
    Phenomenal Compositionality and Context Effects.David Pitt - 2017 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 61 (5-6):494-498.
    The thesis that conceptual content is experiential faces a prima facie objection. Phenomenology is not in general compositional. For example, the experienced color of a thing will change depending on its context. If conceptual phenomenology is also subject to context effects, then thought contents will not be compositional. However, the compositionality of thought content is, arguably, explanatorily indispensable. This paper considers several different conceptions of compositionality, but in the end maintains there is no introspective evidence for conceptual context effects.
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  47.  5
    How Do PDP Models Learn Quasiregularity?Woojae Kim, Mark A. Pitt & Jay I. Myung - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (4):903-916.
  48.  29
    Revolutions in Science and Refinements in the Analysis of Causation.Joseph C. Pitt & Morton Tavel - 1977 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 8 (1):48-62.
    Summary A sufficient condition for a revolution in physics is a change in the concept of cause. To demonstrate this, we examine three developments in physical theory. After informally characterizing a theory in terms of an heuristic and a set of equations, we show how tensions between these two dimensions lead to the development of alternative theoretical accounts. In each case the crucial move results in a refinement of our account of cause. All these refinements taken together result in the (...)
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  49.  1
    9 Play and Being in Jean~ Paul Sartre's Being and Nothingness1.Rebecca Pitt - 2013 - In Emily Ryall (ed.), The Philosophy of Play. Routledge. pp. 109.
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  50. The Problems of Individuating Revolutions.Joseph C. Pitt - 1987 - Behaviorism 15 (1):83-87.
     
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