11 found
Order:
  1.  8
    Clinical Ethics Consultation in the Transition Countries of Central and Eastern Europe.Marcin Orzechowski, Maximilian Schochow & Florian Steger - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (2):833-850.
    Since 1989, clinical ethics consultation in form of hospital ethics committees was established in most of the transition countries of Central and Eastern Europe. Up to now, the similarities and differences between HECs in Central and Eastern Europe and their counterparts in the U.S. and Western Europe have not been determined. Through search in literature databases, we have identified studies that document the implementation of clinical ethics consultation in Central and Eastern Europe. These studies have been analyzed under the following (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  2.  27
    Informed Consent in Clinical Studies Involving Human Participants: Ethical Insights of Medical Researchers in Germany and Poland.Cristian Timmermann, Marcin Orzechowski, Oxana Kosenko, Katarzyna Woniak & Florian Steger - 2022 - Frontiers in Medicine 9:901059.
    Background: The internationalization of clinical studies requires a shared understanding of the fundamental ethical values guiding clinical studies. It is important that these values are not only embraced at the legal level but also adopted by clinicians themselves during clinical studies. Objective: Our goal is to provide an insight on how clinicians in Germany and Poland perceive and identify the different ethical issues regarding informed consent in clinical studies. Methods: To gain an understanding of how clinicians view clinical studies in (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  20
    Conflicting Aims and Values in the Application of Smart Sensors in Geriatric Rehabilitation: Ethical Analysis.Christopher Predel, Cristian Timmermann, Frank Ursin, Marcin Orzechowski, Timo Ropinski & Florian Steger - 2022 - JMIR mHealth and uHealth 10 (6):e32910.
    Background: Smart sensors have been developed as diagnostic tools for rehabilitation to cover an increasing number of geriatric patients. They promise to enable an objective assessment of complex movement patterns. -/- Objective: This research aimed to identify and analyze the conflicting ethical values associated with smart sensors in geriatric rehabilitation and provide ethical guidance on the best use of smart sensors to all stakeholders, including technology developers, health professionals, patients, and health authorities. -/- Methods: On the basis of a systematic (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  68
    Access to Prenatal Testing and Ethically Informed Counselling in Germany, Poland and Russia.Marcin Orzechowski, Cristian Timmermann, Katarzyna Woniak, Oxana Kosenko, Galina Lvovna Mikirtichan, Alexandr Zinovievich Lichtshangof & Florian Steger - 2021 - Journal of Personalized Medicine 11 (9):937.
    The development of new methods in the field of prenatal testing leads to an expansion of information that needs to be provided to expectant mothers. The aim of this research is to explore opinions and attitudes of gynecologists in Germany, Poland and Russia towards access to prenatal testing and diagnostics in these countries. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with n = 18 gynecologists in Germany, Poland and Russia. The interviews were analyzed using the methods of content analysis and thematic analysis. Visible (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  62
    Normative Framework of Informed Consent in Clinical Research in Germany, Poland, and Russia.Marcin Orzechowski, Katarzyna Woniak, Cristian Timmermann & Florian Steger - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-10.
    Background: Biomedical research nowadays is increasingly carried out in multinational and multicenter settings. Due to disparate national regulations on various ethical aspects, such as informed consent, there is the risk of ethical compromises when involving human subjects in research. Although the Declaration of Helsinki is the point of reference for ethical conduct of research on humans, national normative requirements may diverge from its provisions. The aim of this research is to examine requirements on informed consent in biomedical research in Germany, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  11
    Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing as a Routine Procedure of Prenatal careNichtinvasive Pränataltests Als Teil der Vorgeburtlichen Regelversorgung.Giovanni Rubeis, Marcin Orzechowski & Florian Steger - 2020 - Ethik in der Medizin 32 (1):49-63.
    Definition of the problemIn March 2019, the German Gemeinsamer Bundesausschuss presented the result of the method assessment process on non-invasive prenatal testing. The aim of this method assessment process was to decide whether NIPT should become a publicly funded procedure of routine prenatal care. The G‑BA decided in favor of NIPT, making the implementation of NIPT very likely, provided that other healthcare and political institutions also agree.ArgumentsThis development could be interpreted as empowering from the perspective of reproductive autonomy, since NIPT (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  7
    Non-invasive prenatal testing as a routine procedure of prenatal care: Perspectives and challenges regarding reproductive autonomy.Giovanni Rubeis, Marcin Orzechowski & Florian Steger - 2020 - Ethik in der Medizin 32 (1):49-63.
    Definition of the problemIn March 2019, the German Gemeinsamer Bundesausschuss presented the result of the method assessment process on non-invasive prenatal testing. The aim of this method assessment process was to decide whether NIPT should become a publicly funded procedure of routine prenatal care. The G‑BA decided in favor of NIPT, making the implementation of NIPT very likely, provided that other healthcare and political institutions also agree.ArgumentsThis development could be interpreted as empowering from the perspective of reproductive autonomy, since NIPT (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  4
    Promises and Perils of Neuroenhancement and its Perspectives for Military Ethics.Marcin Orzechowski & Florian Steger - 2018 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Philosophica. Ethica-Aesthetica-Practica 32:11--29.
    Current developments in the area of neuroenhancement pose multiple ethical and societal questions. Improvements in general cognitive capacities can have important positive effects. With the use of several interventions, ranging from pharmaceutics through microsurgery to non-invasive and invasive methods, new possibilities of enhancing human abilities can be achieved. Yet, they have to be critically evaluated from the point of view of both individual and societal consequences that are involved. The aim of this paper is to address societal benefits and challenges (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  7
    Non-invasive prenatal testing as a routine procedure of prenatal care: Perspectives and challenges regarding reproductive autonomy.Giovanni Rubeis, Marcin Orzechowski & Florian Steger - 2020 - Ethik in der Medizin 32 (1):49-63.
    Definition of the problemIn March 2019, the German Gemeinsamer Bundesausschuss presented the result of the method assessment process on non-invasive prenatal testing. The aim of this method assessment process was to decide whether NIPT should become a publicly funded procedure of routine prenatal care. The G‑BA decided in favor of NIPT, making the implementation of NIPT very likely, provided that other healthcare and political institutions also agree.ArgumentsThis development could be interpreted as empowering from the perspective of reproductive autonomy, since NIPT (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  6
    Non-invasive prenatal testing as a routine procedure of prenatal care: Perspectives and challenges regarding reproductive autonomy.Giovanni Rubeis, Marcin Orzechowski & Florian Steger - 2020 - Ethik in der Medizin 32 (1):49-63.
    Definition of the problemIn March 2019, the German Gemeinsamer Bundesausschuss presented the result of the method assessment process on non-invasive prenatal testing. The aim of this method assessment process was to decide whether NIPT should become a publicly funded procedure of routine prenatal care. The G‑BA decided in favor of NIPT, making the implementation of NIPT very likely, provided that other healthcare and political institutions also agree.ArgumentsThis development could be interpreted as empowering from the perspective of reproductive autonomy, since NIPT (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  1
    Experiences of Polish Forced Laborers From Łódź Employed for Telefunken in Ulm in Years 1944–1945 with Consideration of Medical Care. [REVIEW]Florian Steger & Marcin Orzechowski - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Philosophica. Ethica-Aesthetica-Practica 37:19-33.
    In den Jahren 1944–1945 wurden mehr als 1.400 Mädchen und junge Frauen aus der polnischen Stadt Łódź nach Ulm in Deutschland gebracht und zur Arbeit gezwungen. Während ihres Aufenthalts in Ulm waren diese Mädchen schweren Lebensbedingungen ausgesetzt. Dies führte auch zu Krankheiten. Tägliche Entbehrung und Ausbeutung kennzeichneten den Leidensweg dieser Zwangsarbeiterinnen. Ein solches Ausbeutungssystem ist symptomatisch für die späte Kriegsphase, in der die Bemühungen zur Steigerung der Rüstungsproduktion Vorrang vor der Gesundheit ausländischer Arbeiterinnen und Arbeiter hatten. Wir verfolgen in diesem (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark