Results for 'Marcio Chaves-tann��s'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  13
    Abductive Inference, Design Science, and Dewey's Theory of Inquiry.Jaime J. Marcio - 2001 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 37 (1):97 - 121.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Grice's What is Said Revisited. A Plea for a New Variety of Minimalism.Jose E. Chaves - unknown
    Grice has been considered a linguistic minimalist. However, as I will show, this interpretation is incompatible with Grice’s proposal of conventional implicatures and with some of his less popular views such as his explanation of loose uses (Grice 1978/1989: 45; X) or his later acknowledgement of cases in which something is said without being conventionally meant (Grice 1987/1989: 359). Bearing in mind these proposals and the distinction between formality and dictiveness, I will present a new approach to the notion of (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. Sobredeterminação da Vida moral em face da Vida biológica: Abordagens kantianas para questões de bioética(s).Noêmia Sousa Chaves - 2012 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 17 (2):181-203.
    O objetivo deste artigo é demonstrar como, apesar da sobredeterminação, a vida moral e a biológica se articulam, observando-se não apenas a grandeza daquela sobre esta, mas realçando o papel da vida moral ao significar a vida biológica, seja ela humana ou de outra espécie. Nesse contexto, pode-se perguntar: por quais caminhos morais é possível se chegar à significação da vida biológica? É possível se fugir do paradigma da consciência e se aquilatar moralmente tanto um quanto outro tipo de vida? (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. Philosophy and Politeness, Moral Autonomy and Malleability in Shaftesbury's Characteristics.Joseph Chaves - 2008 - In Alexander John Dick & Christina Lupton (eds.), Theory and Practice in the Eighteenth Century: Writing Between Philosophy and Literature. Pickering & Chatto.
  5.  15
    Pragmatism and Developmentalism in Brazilian Educational Thought in the 1950s/1960.Ana Waleska P. C. Mendonça, Libânia Nacif Xavier, Vera Lucia Alves Breglia, Miriam Waidenfeld Chaves, Maria Teresa Cavalcanti de Oliveira, Cecília Neves Lima & Pablo S. M. Bispo Dos Santos - 2005 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 24 (6):471-498.
  6.  2
    Lu You.Jonathan Chaves & Michael S. Duke - 1979 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 99 (2):326.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  23
    The Meaning of Time in the Theory of Relativity and “Einstein's Later View of the Twin Paradox”.Waldyr A. Rodrigues Jr & Marcio A. F. Rosa - 1989 - Foundations of Physics 19 (6):705-724.
    The purpose of the present paper is to reply to a misleading paper by M. Sachs entitled “Einstein's later view of the Twin Paradox” (TP) (Found. Phys. 15, 977 (1985)). There, by selecting some passages from Einstein's papers, he tried to convince the reader that Einstein changed his mind regarding the asymmetric aging of the twins on different motions. Also Sachs insinuates that he presented several years ago “convincing mathematical arguments” proving that the theory of relativity does not predict asymmetrical (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  2
    Machines de Travail: Constituent Power and the Order of Labor in Sieyes's Thought.Marcio Pereira - forthcoming - Constellations.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  38
    A Note on the Relation Between Étienne Souriau's L'Instauration Philosophique and Deleuze and Guattari's What is Philosophy?Leonard Lawlor - 2011 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 5 (3):400-406.
    Hello, I would like to read this paper on Deleuze, Guattari and Souriau. I'll be pleased if you could send it tp me. -/- Regards, -/- Marcio.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  15
    Wallace's First Evolutionary Theory.Marcio Rodrigues Horta - 2003 - Scientiae Studia 1 (4):519-530.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  13
    Igreja, Povo de Deus, sujeito da comunhão eclesial (Church, the People of God, subject of ecclesial communion) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n24p1047. [REVIEW]Cleto Caliman - 2011 - Horizonte 9 (24):1047-1071.
    Aos 50 anos do início do Concílio Vaticano II, o artigo pretende articular a chave eclesiológica de sua compreensão da Igreja como povo de Deus (cap II da Lumen Gentium), com o processo de sua recepção no pós-concílio. O Sínodo Extraordinário de 1985 - aos 20 anos do término do Concílio - privilegiou a categoria “comunhão” como chave da eclesiologia conciliar. O Sínodo de 1987 sobre a Vocação e Missão do Leigo na Igreja e no Mundo expressou o desejo de (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12.  4
    O pensamento em constelação adorniano como possibilidade de reflexão crítica sobre as práticas formativas em contextos educativos // Thought on Adorno's constallation as critical reflection possibility of practice formation in educational contexts.Alex Sander da Silva & Azeredo - 2016 - Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 21 (2):275-287.
    Este texto pretende apresentar reflexões acerca do pensamento em constelação proposto por Adorno para problematizar as práticas formativas colocadas em movimento nos contextos educativos. Para tanto, nos utilizamos da pesquisa bibliográfica para pensar criticamente sobre a formação dos sujeitos nos contextos educativos. Inspirados no pensamento adorniano nos reportamos ao conceito de constelação e, posteriormente, às categorias de emancipação e autorreflexão. As problematizações construídas nesse trabalho podem contribuir para o desvelamento da multiplicidade de questões que envolvem a complexidade do campo educativo (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  3
    O INSTANTE nº 01, de Søren Aabye Kierkegaard.Álvaro Luiz Montenegro Valls & Marcio Gimenes de Paula - 2013 - Revista de Filosofia Moderna E Contemporânea 1 (1).
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  3
    Indexicals: A Problem for Gottlob Frege's Semantic.Ángela Rocío Bejarano Chaves - 2010 - Discusiones Filosóficas 11 (17):139-149.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  2
    The Impact of Wallace's Manuscript of 1858.Marcio Rodrigues Horta - 2003 - Scientiae Studia 1 (2):217-229.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16. O pensamento em constelação adorniano como possibilidade de reflexão crítica sobre as práticas formativas em contextos educativos // Thought on Adorno's constallation as critical reflection possibility of practice formation in educational contexts.Alex Sander da Silva, Jéferson Luís de Azeredo & Ricardo Luiz de Bittencourt - 2016 - Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 21 (2):275-287.
    Este texto pretende apresentar reflexões acerca do pensamento em constelação proposto por Adorno para problematizar as práticas formativas colocadas em movimento nos contextos educativos. Para tanto, nos utilizamos da pesquisa bibliográfica para pensar criticamente sobre a formação dos sujeitos nos contextos educativos. Inspirados no pensamento adorniano nos reportamos ao conceito de constelação e, posteriormente, às categorias de emancipação e autorreflexão. As problematizações construídas nesse trabalho podem contribuir para o desvelamento da multiplicidade de questões que envolvem a complexidade do campo educativo (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  51
    Kant's Theory of Motivation: A Hybrid Approach.Benjamin S. Yost - 2017 - Review of Metaphysics 71 (2):293-319.
    To vindicate morality against skeptical doubts, Kant must show that agents can be moved to act independently of their sensible desires. Kant must therefore answer a motivational question: how does an agent get from the cognition that she ought to act morally to acting morally? Affectivist interpretations of Kant hold that agents are moved to act by feelings, while intellectualists appeal to cognition alone. To overcome the significant shortcomings of each view, I develop a hybrid theory of motivation. My central (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. Bálint’s Syndrome, Object Seeing, and Spatial Perception.Craig French - 2018 - Mind and Language 33 (3):221-241.
    Ordinary cases of object seeing involve the visual perception of space and spatial location. But does seeing an object require such spatial perception? An empirical challenge to the idea that it does comes from reflection upon Bálint's syndrome, for some suppose that in Bálint's syndrome subjects can see objects without seeing space or spatial location. In this article, I question whether the empirical evidence available to us adequately supports this understanding of Bálint's syndrome, and explain how the aforementioned empirical challenge (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19. Kant on Moral Agency and Women's Nature.Mari Mikkola - 2011 - Kantian Review 16 (1):89-111.
    Some commentators have condemned Kant’s moral project from a feminist perspective based on Kant’s apparently dim view of women as being innately morally deficient. Here I will argue that although his remarks concerning women are unsettling at first glance, a more detailed and closer examination shows that Kant’s view of women is actually far more complex and less unsettling than that attributed to him by various feminist critics. My argument, then, undercuts the justification for the severe feminist critique of Kant’s (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   16 citations  
  20.  40
    The Good, the Bad, and the Badass: On the Descriptive Adequacy of Kant's Conception of Moral Evil.Mark Timmons - 2017 - In Significance and System: Essays on Kant's Ethics. New York, USA: pp. 293-330.
    This chapter argues for an interpretation of Kant's psychology of moral evil that accommodates the so-called excluded middle cases and allows for variations in the magnitude of evil. The strategy involves distinguishing Kant's transcendental psychology from his empirical psychology and arguing that Kant's character rigorism is restricted to the transcendental level. The chapter also explains how Kant's theory of moral evil accommodates 'the badass'; someone who does evil for evil's sake.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. Prisoner's Dilemma Doesn't Explain Much.Robert Northcott & A. Alexandrova - 2015 - In Martin Peterson (ed.), The Prisoner’s Dilemma. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 64-84.
    We make the case that the Prisoner’s Dilemma, notwithstanding its fame and the quantity of intellectual resources devoted to it, has largely failed to explain any phenomena of social scientific or biological interest. In the heart of the paper we examine in detail a famous purported example of Prisoner’s Dilemma empirical success, namely Axelrod’s analysis of WWI trench warfare, and argue that this success is greatly overstated. Further, we explain why this negative verdict is likely true generally and not just (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  22. Kant's Idealism: The Current Debate.Dennis Schulting - 2010 - In Dennis Schulting Jacco Verburgt (ed.), Kant's Idealism. Springer.
    This article presents an overview of the current debate on Kant's doctrine of idealism, focussing on the metaphysical interpretations of Ameriks, Allais, Friebe, Langton, Van Cleve and Westphal, and also on Guyer's recent reassessment of Allison's latest views.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  11
    Charles Peirce's Pragmatic Pluralism.Sandra B. Rosenthal - 1994 - State University of New York Press.
    This work runs counter to the traditional interpretations of Peirce's philosophy by eliciting an inherent strand of pragmatic pluralism that is embedded in the very core of his thought and that weaves his various doctrines into a systematic ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  24. Simpson's Paradox and Causality.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay, Mark Greenwood, Don Dcruz & Venkata Raghavan - 2015 - American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (1):13-25.
    There are three questions associated with Simpson’s Paradox (SP): (i) Why is SP paradoxical? (ii) What conditions generate SP?, and (iii) What should be done about SP? By developing a logic-based account of SP, it is argued that (i) and (ii) must be divorced from (iii). This account shows that (i) and (ii) have nothing to do with causality, which plays a role only in addressing (iii). A counterexample is also presented against the causal account. Finally, the causal and logic-based (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. C. S. Peirce and the Hispanic Philosophy of the Twentieth Century.Jaime Nubiola - 1998 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 24 (1):31-49.
    A surprising fact in the historiography of the Hispanic philosophy of this century is its almost total opacity towards the American philosophy, in spite of the real affinity between the central questions of American pragmatism and the topics addressed by the most relevant Hispanic thinkers of the century: Unamuno, Ortega y Gasset, d'Ors, Vaz Ferreira. In this paper that situation is studied, paying special attention to Charles S. Peirce, his personal connections with the Hispanic world, the reception of his texts (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  37
    Lessons of Bell's Theorem: Nonlocality, Yes; Action at a Distance, Not Necessarily.Wayne C. Myrvold - 2016 - In Shan Gao Mary Bell (ed.), Quantum Nonlocality and Reality: 50 Years of Bell's Theorem. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 238-260.
    Fifty years after the publication of Bell's theorem, there remains some controversy regarding what the theorem is telling us about quantum mechanics, and what the experimental violations of Bell inequalities are telling us about the world. This chapter represents my best attempt to be clear about what I think the lessons are. In brief: there is some sort of nonlocality inherent in any quantum theory, and, moreover, in any theory that reproduces, even approximately, the quantum probabilities for the outcomes of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  27.  18
    Moral Realism by Other Means: The Hybrid Nature of Kant’s Practical Rationalism.Stefano Bacin - 2017 - In Elke Elisabeth Schmidt & Robinson dos Santos (eds.), Realism and Antirealism in Kant's Moral Philosophy: New Essays. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 155-178.
    After qualifying in which sense ‘realism’ can be applied to eighteenth- century views about morality, I argue that while Kant shares with traditional moral realists several fundamental claims about morality, he holds that those claims must be argued for in a radically different way. Drawing on his diagnosis of the serious weaknesses of traditional moral realism, Kant proposes a novel approach that revolves around a hybrid view about moral obligation. Since his solution to that central issue combines elements of realism (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28.  95
    Zeno's Metrical Paradox of Extension and Descartes' Mind-Body Problem.Rafael Ferber - 2010 - In Stefania Giombini E. Flavia Marcacci (ed.), Estratto da/Excerpt from: Il quinto secolo. Studi di loso a antica in onore di Livio Rossetti a c. di Stefania Giombini e Flavia Marcacci. Aguaplano—Of cina del libro, Passignano s.T. 2010, pp. 295-310 [isbn/ean: 978-88-904213-4-1]. pp. 205-310.
    The article uses Zeno’s metrical paradox of extension, or Zeno’s fundamental paradox, as a thought-model for the mind-body problem. With the help of this model, the distinction contained between mental and physical phenomena can be formulated as sharply as possible. I formulate Zeno’s fundamental paradox and give a sketch of four different solutions to it. Then I construct a mind-body paradox corresponding to the fundamental paradox. Through that, it becomes possible to copy the solutions to the fundamental paradox on the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. Butler's Stone.John J. Tilley - forthcoming - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly.
    Early in the eleventh of his Fifteen Sermons, Joseph Butler advances his best-known argument against psychological hedonism. Elliott Sober calls that argument Butler’s stone, and famously objects to it. I consider whether Butler’s stone has philosophical value. In doing so I examine, and reject, two possible ways of overcoming Sober’s objection, each of which has proponents. In examining the first way I discuss Lord Kames’s version of the stone argument, which has hitherto escaped scholarly attention. Finally, I show that Butler’s (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30.  16
    Biosemiotics and the Foundation of Cybersemiotics: Reconceptualizing the Insights of Ethology, Second-Order Cybernetics, and Peirce’s Semiotics in Biosemiotics to Create a Non-Cartesian Information Science.Søren Brier - 1999 - Semiotica 127 (1-4):169-198.
    Any great new theoretical framework has an epistemological and an ontological aspect to its philosophy as well as an axiological one, and one needs to understand all three aspects in order to grasp the deep aspiration and idea of the theoretical framework. Presently, there is a widespread effort to understand C. S. Peirce's (1837–1914) pragmaticistic semeiotics, and to develop it by integrating the results of modern science and evolutionary thinking; first, producing a biosemiotics and, second, by integrating it with the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  31.  12
    Perpetuation of Retracted Publications Using the Example of the Scott S. Reuben Case: Incidences, Reasons and Possible Improvements.Helmar Bornemann-Cimenti, Istvan S. Szilagyi & Andreas Sandner-Kiesling - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):1063-1072.
    In 2009, Scott S. Reuben was convicted of fabricating data, which lead to 25 of his publications being retracted. Although it is clear that the perpetuation of retracted articles negatively effects the appraisal of evidence, the extent to which retracted literature is cited had not previously been investigated. In this study, to better understand the perpetuation of discredited research, we examine the number of citations of Reuben’s articles within 5 years of their retraction. Citations of Reuben’s retracted articles were assessed (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  32. Wittgenstein’s Method: The Third Phase of Its Development (1933–36).Nikolay Milkov - 2012 - In Marques Antonio (ed.), Knowledge, Language and Mind: Wittgenstein’s Early Investigations. de Gruyter.
    Wittgenstein’s interpreters are undivided that the method plays a central role in his philosophy. This would be no surprise if we have in mind the Tractarian dictum: “philosophy is not a body of doctrine but an activity” (4.112). After 1929, Wittgenstein’s method evolved further. In its final form, articulated in Philosophical Investigations, it was formulated as different kinds of therapies of specific philosophical problems that torment our life (§§ 133, 255, 593). In this paper we follow the changes in Wittgenstein’s (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  28
    Expanding Western Definitions of Shamanism: A Conversation with Stephan Beyer, Stanley Krippner, and Hillary S. Webb.Hillary S. Webb - 2013 - Anthropology of Consciousness 24 (1):57-75.
    Where has the Western attraction to the study and practice of shamanic techniques brought us? Where might it take us? In what ways have our Western biases and philosophical underpinnings influenced and changed how shamanism is practiced, both in the West and in the traditional cultures out of which they emerged? Is it time to stop using the umbrella term “shamanism” to refer to such diverse cross-cultural practices? What are our responsibilities, both as researchers and as spiritual seekers? In this (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  34. Peirce's Final Account of Signs and the Philosophy of Language.Albert Atkin - 2008 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 44 (1):pp. 63-85.
    In this paper I examine parallels between C.S. Peirce's most mature account of signs and contemporary philosophy of language. I do this by first introducing a summary of Peirce's final account of Signs. I then use that account of signs to reconstruct Peircian answers to two puzzles of reference: The Problem of Cognitive Significance, or Frege's Puzzle; and The Same-Saying Phenomenon for Indexicals. Finally, a comparison of these Peircian answers with both Fregean and Direct Referentialist approaches to the puzzles highlights (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  35. Real (M)Othering: The Metaphysics of Maternity in Children's Literature.Shelley M. Park - 2005 - In Sally Haslanger & Charlotte Witt (eds.), Real (M)othering: The Metaphysics of Maternity in Children's Literature. In Sally Haslanger and Charlotte Witt, eds. Adoption Matters: Philosophical and Feminist Essays. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. 171-194. Cornell University Press. pp. 171-194.
    This paper examines the complexity and fluidity of maternal identity through an examination of narratives about "real motherhood" found in children's literature. Focusing on the multiplicity of mothers in adoption, I question standard views of maternity in which gestational, genetic and social mothering all coincide in a single person. The shortcomings of traditional notions of motherhood are overcome by developing a fluid and inclusive conception of maternal reality as authored by a child's own perceptions.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  67
    Motive and Rightness in Kant's Ethical System.Mark Timmons - 2002 - In Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative Essays. Oxford University Press.
    Some contemporary intepreters of Kant maintain that on Kant's view fulfilling duties of virtue require doing so from the motive of duty. I argue that there are interpretive and doctinal reasons for rejecting this interpretation. However, I argue that for Kant motives can be deontically relevant; one's motives can affect the deontic status of actions.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  37. Review: Baltzer, Erkenntnis Als Relationengeflecht, Kategorien Bei Charles S. Peirce. [REVIEW]H. G. Callaway - 1995 - Transactions of the C.S. Peirce Society (2):445-453.
    (Also titled "A Place for Peirce's Categories?"in Meaning without Analyticity.) This book arose from the author’s recent dissertation written under the Gerhard Schönrich at Munich. It focuses on Peirce’s theory of categories and his epistemology. According to Baltzer, what is distinctive in Peirce’s theory of knowledge is that he reconstrues objects as “knots in networks of relations.” The phrase may ring a bell. It suggests a structuralist interpretation of Peirce, influenced by the Munich environs. The study aims to shows how (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  50
    Shoemaker on Moore's Paradox and Self-Knowledge.William S. Larkin - 1999 - Philosophical Studies 96 (3):239-52.
    Shoemaker argues that a satisfactory resolution of Moore's paradox requires a _self-intimation thesis that posits a "constitutive relation between belief and believing that one believes." He claims that such a thesis is needed to explain the crucial fact that the assent conditions for '_P' entail those for '_I believe that P'. This paper argues for an alternative resolution of Moore's paradox that provides for an adequate explanation of the crucial fact without relying on the kind of necessary connection between first (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  39.  15
    Factors Affecting Women's Autonomous Decision Making In Research Participation Amongst Yoruba Women Of Western Nigeria.Chitu Womehoma Princewill, Ayodele S. Jegede, Karin Nordström, Bolatito Lanre‐Abass & Bernice Simone Elger - 2017 - Developing World Bioethics 17 (1):40-49.
    Research is a global enterprise requiring participation of both genders for generalizable knowledge; advancement of science and evidence based medical treatment. Participation of women in research is necessary to reduce the current bias that most empirical evidence is obtained from studies with men to inform health care and related policy interventions. Various factors are assumed to limit autonomy amongst the Yoruba women of western Nigeria. This paper seeks to explore the experience and understanding of autonomy by the Yoruba women in (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40. Autonomy and Moral Rationalism: Kant’s Criticisms of ‘Rationalist’ Moral Principles (1762-1785).Stefano Bacin - forthcoming - In Stefano Bacin & Oliver Sensen (eds.), The Emergence of Autonomy in Kant’s Moral Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    This paper attempts to shed light on Kant’s notion of autonomy in his moral philosophy by considering Kant’s critique of the rationalist theories of morality that Kant discussed in his lectures on practical philosophy from the 1760s to the time of the Groundwork. The paper first explains Kant’s taxonomy of moral theories. Second, it considers Kant's arguments against the two main variants of ‘rationalism’ as he construes it, that is, perfectionism and theological voluntarism, pointing out the similarities to previous criticisms. (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  54
    The Thought Experiment of Maxwell's Demon and the Origin of Irreversibility.Aspasia S. Moue - 2008 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 39 (1):69 - 84.
    The problem of the irreversibility’s origin in thermodynamic processes occupies a distinguished place among many and lasting attempts by researchers to derive irreversibility from molecular-mechanical principles. However, this problem is still open and no universally accepted solution may be given during any course. In this paper, I shall try to show that the examining of Maxwell’s demon thought experiment may provide insight into the difficulties that emerge, looking for this origin because: (i) it is connected with the notion of irreversibility, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  15
    Review of Nugayev's book "Reconstruction of Scientific Theory Change". [REVIEW]Oleg S. Razumovsky & Rinat M. Nugayev - 1990 - Philosophskie Nauki (Philosophical Sciences) (7):123-124.
    Nugayev’s book is one of the first Soviet monographs treating the theory change problem. The gist of epistemological model consists in consequent account of intertheoretical relations. His book is based on the works of Soviet authors, as well as on Western studies (K.R. Popper, T.S. Kuhn, I. Lakatos, P. Feyerabend et al.) Key words: epistemological model, Soviet philosophy, Western studies .
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  9
    Editor’s Introduction.Robert R. Clewis - 2015 - In Reading Kant's Lectures. De Gruyter. pp. 1-30.
    The editor's introduction to the volume gives an overview of its main themes and provides a summary of each of the twenty-two chapters.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  10
    Experiences of Being Tested: A Critical Discussion of the Knowledge Involved and Produced in the Practice of Testing in Children’s Rehabilitation.Wenche S. Bjorbækmo & Gunn H. Engelsrud - 2011 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (2):123-131.
    Intensive professional testing of children with disabilities is becoming increasingly prominent within the field of children’s rehabilitation. In this paper we question the high quality ascribed to standardized assessment procedures. We explore testing practices using a hermeneutic-phenomenological approach analyzing data from interviews and participant observations among 20 children with disabilities and their parents. All the participating children have extensive experience from being tested. This study reveals that the practices of testing have certain limitations when confronted with the lived experience of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  76
    Can Gödel's Incompleteness Theorem Be a Ground for Dialetheism?Seungrak Choi - 2017 - Korean Journal of Logic 20 (2):241-271.
    Dialetheism is the view that there exists a true contradiction. This paper ventures to suggest that Priest’s argument for Dialetheism from Gödel’s theorem is unconvincing as the lesson of Gödel’s proof (or Rosser’s proof) is that any sufficiently strong theories of arithmetic cannot be both complete and consistent. In addition, a contradiction is derivable in Priest’s inconsistent and complete arithmetic. An alternative argument for Dialetheism is given by applying Gödel sentence to the inconsistent and complete theory of arithmetic. We argue, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. What is Hume's Dictum, and Why Believe It?Jessica M. Wilson - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 80 (3):595 - 637.
    Hume's Dictum (HD) says, roughly and typically, that there are no metaphysically necessary connections between distinct, intrinsically typed, entities. HD plays an influential role in metaphysical debate, both in constructing theories and in assessing them. One should ask of such an influential thesis: why believe it? Proponents do not accept Hume's arguments for his dictum, nor do they provide their own; however, some have suggested either that HD is analytic or that it is synthetic a priori (that is: motivated by (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   29 citations  
  47. “Nietzsche’s Philology and Nietzsche’s Science: On The ‘Problem of Science’ and ‘Fröhliche Wissenschaft.’.Babette Babich - 2009 - In Pascale Hummel (ed.), Metaphilology: Histories and Languages of Philology. Paris: Philologicum, 2009. Pp. 155-201.
    A discussion of Nietzsche's philology as the prelude to his philosophy of science.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. Newman’s Objection and the No Miracles Argument.Robert Smithson - 2016 - Erkenntnis 82 (5):993-1014.
    Structural realists claim that we should endorse only what our scientific theories say about the structure of the unobservable world. But according to Newman’s Objection, the structural realist’s claims about unobservables are trivially true. In recent years, several theorists have offered responses to Newman’s Objection. But a common complaint is that these responses “give up the spirit” of the structural realist position. In this paper, I will argue that the simplest way to respond to Newman’s Objection is to return to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. Hamilton's Rule and Its Discontents.Jonathan Birch - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (2):381-411.
    In an incendiary 2010 Nature article, M. A. Nowak, C. E. Tarnita, and E. O. Wilson present a savage critique of the best-known and most widely used framework for the study of social evolution, W. D. Hamilton’s theory of kin selection. More than a hundred biologists have since rallied to the theory’s defence, but Nowak et al. maintain that their arguments ‘stand unrefuted’. Here I consider the most contentious claim Nowak et al. defend: that Hamilton’s rule, the core explanatory principle (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   13 citations  
  50.  28
    An Automatic Ockham’s Razor for Bayesians?Gordon Belot - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-7.
    It is sometimes claimed that the Bayesian framework automatically implements Ockham's razor---that conditionalizing on data consistent with both a simple theory and a complex theory more or less inevitably favours the simpler theory. It is shown here that the automatic razor doesn't in fact cut it for certain mundane curve-fitting problems.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000