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Profile: Marco Buzzoni
  1.  23
    The Agency Theory of Causality, Anthropomorphism, and Simultaneity.Marco Buzzoni - 2014 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (4):375-395.
    The purpose of this article is to examine two important issues concerning the agency theory of causality: the charge of anthropomorphism and the relation of simultaneous causation. After a brief outline of the agency theory, sections 2–4 contain the refutation of the three main forms in which the charge of anthropomorphism is to be found in the literature. It will appear that it is necessary to distinguish between the subjective and the objective aspect of the concept of causation. This will (...)
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  2.  13
    Kant und das Gedankenexperiment. Über eine kantische Theorie der Gedankenexperimente in den Naturwissenschaften und in der Philosophie.Marco Buzzoni - 2011 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 59 (1):93-107.
    Why, for such a long time, has there been no Kantian point of view among the most influential theories about thought experiments? The primary historical reason – the main trends in the philosophy of science have always rejected the existence of a priori knowledge – fits a theoretical reason. Kant oscillated between two very different views about the a priori: on the one hand, he attributed to it a particular content, whereas on the other hand he insisted on its purely (...)
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  3.  15
    Mechanisms, Experiments, and Theory-Ladenness: A Realist–Perspectivalist View.Marco Buzzoni - 2016 - Axiomathes 26 (4):411-427.
    The terms “perspectivism” and “perspectivalism” have been the focus of an intense philosophical discussion with important repercussions for the debate about the role of mechanisms in scientific explanations. However, leading exponents of the new mechanistic philosophy have conceded more than was necessary to the radically subjectivistic perspectivalism, and fell into the opposite error, by retaining not negligible residues of objectivistic views about mechanisms. In order to remove this vacillation between the subjective-cultural and the objective-natural sides of mechanisms, we shall raise (...)
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  4. On Mathematical Thought Experiments.Marco Buzzoni - 2011 - Epistemologia 34:61-88.
  5.  6
    Is Frankenstein's Creature a Machine or Artificially Created Human Life? Intentionality Between Searle and Turing.Marco Buzzoni - 2013 - Epistemologia 36 (1):37-53.
  6.  78
    Causality, Teleology, and Thought Experiments in Biology.Marco Buzzoni - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (2):279-299.
    Thought experiments de facto play many different roles in biology: economical, ethical, technical and so forth. This paper, however, is interested in whether there are any distinctive features of biological TEs as such. The question may be settled in the affirmative because TEs in biology have a function that is intimately connected with the epistemological and methodological status of biology. Peculiar to TEs in biology is the fact that the reflexive, typically human concept of finality may be profitably employed to (...)
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  7.  52
    Zum Verhältnis zwischen Experiment und Gedankenexperiment in den Naturwissenschaften.Marco Buzzoni - 2007 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 38 (2):219-237.
    On the relation between experiment and thought experiment in the natural sciences. To understand the reciprocal autonomy and complementarity of thought and real experiment, it is necessary to distinguish between a ‘positive’ (empirical or formal) and a transcendental perspective. Empirically and formally, real and thought experiments are indistinguishable. However, from a reflexive-transcendental viewpoint thought experiment is at the same time irreducible and complementary to real experiment. This is due to the fact that the hypothetical-anticipatory moment is in principle irreducible to (...)
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  8.  18
    On Thought Experiments and the Kantian a Priori in the Natural Sciences: A Reply to Yiftach J.H. Fehige.Marco Buzzoni - 2013 - Epistemologia 36 (2):277-293.
    This paper replies to objections that have been raised against my operational-Kantian account of thought experiments by Fehige 2012 and 2013. Fehige also sketches an alternative Neo-Kantian account that utilizes Michael Friedman’s concept of a contingent and changeable a priori. To this I shall reply, first, that Fehige’s objections not only neglect some fundamental points I had made as regards the realizability of TEs, but also underestimate the principle of empiricism, which was rightly defended by Kant. Secondly, in opposition to (...)
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  9.  2
    Duhem and Mach on Thought Experiments.Marco Buzzoni - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
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  10.  24
    Erkenntnistheoretische Und Ontologische Probleme der Theoretischen Begriffe.Marco Buzzoni - 1997 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 28 (1):19-53.
    Operationalism and theoretical entities. The thesis of the“theory ladenness” of observation leads to an antinomy. In order to solve this antinomy a technical operationalism is sketched, according to which theories should in principle not contain anything that cannot be reduced to technical procedures. This implies the rejection of Quine's underdeterminacy thesis and of many views about the theoretical-observational distinction, e.g. neopositivistic views, van Fraassen's view, Sneed-Stegmüller's view. Then I argue for the following theses: 1. All scientific concepts are theory laden (...)
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  11.  51
    On Medicine as a Human Science.Marco Buzzoni - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (1):79-94.
    All the powerful influences exertedby the subjective-interpersonal dimension onthe organic or technical-functional dimensionof sickness and health do not make anintersubjective test concerning medicaltherapeutic results impossible. Theseinfluences are not arbitrary; on the contrary,they obey laws that are de facto sufficientlystable to allow predictions and explanationssimilar to those of experimental sciences.While, in this respect, the rules concerninghuman action are analogous to the scientificlaws of nature, they can at any time be revokedby becoming aware of them. Law-like andreproducible regularities in the sciences ofman (...)
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  12.  10
    Medicine as a Human Science Between the Singularity of the Patient and Technical Scientific Reproducibility.Marco Buzzoni - 2003 - Poiesis and Praxis 1 (3):171-184.
    The often-emphasized tension between the singularity of the patient and technical–scientific reproducibility in medicine cannot be resolved without a discussion of the epistemological and methodological status of the human sciences. On the one hand, the rules concerning human action are analogous to the scientific laws of nature. They are de facto sufficiently stable to allow predictions and explanations similar to those of experimental sciences. From this point of view, it is only a trivial truth, but still a methodological irrelevancy, that (...)
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  13.  5
    Thought Experiments in Philosophy: A Neo-Kantian and Experimentalist Point of View.Marco Buzzoni - forthcoming - Topoi:1-9.
    The paper addresses the question of the nature and limits of philosophical thought experiments. On the one hand, experimental philosophers are right to claim that we need much more laboratory work in order to have more reliable thought experiments, but on the other hand a naturalism that is too radical is incapable of clarifying the peculiarity of thought experiments in philosophy. Starting from a historico-critical reconstruction of Kant’s concept of the “experiments of pure reason”, this paper outlines an account of (...)
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  14. Medicine as a Human Science Between the Singularity of the Patient and Technical Scientific Reproducibility.Marco Buzzoni - 2003 - Poiesis and Praxis: International Journal of Technology Assessment and Ethics of Science 1 (3):171-184.
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  15.  14
    Empirical Thought Experiments: A Transcendental-Operational View.Marco Buzzoni - 2010 - Epistemologia 33 (1):5-26.
  16.  6
    Evandro Agazzi: Scientific Objectivity and Its Contexts. [REVIEW]Marco Buzzoni - 2016 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (1):257-259.
  17.  19
    Rethinking Popper and His Legacy.Marco Buzzoni - 2010 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (3):309-321.
  18.  2
    On Thought Experiments and the Kantian a Priori in the Natural Sciences: A Reply to Yiftach J.H. Fehige.Marco Buzzoni - 2014 - Epistemologia 2:277-293.
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  19.  24
    Poppers Methodologischer Individualismus Und Die Sozialwissenschaften.Marco Buzzoni - 2004 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 35 (1):157-173.
    Popper's methodological individualism and the social sciences. Popper's philosophy of social sciences poses a dilemma that arises out of the two theses of methodological individualism and situational logic. In order to find a way out of this dilemma, one must raise the question concerning the epistemological and methodological status of the `laws' of the human sciences. There are indeed `rules' from which human actions depart mostly to a negligible extent, but they remain valid or stay in effect without exception only (...)
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  20.  21
    The Operationalistic and Hermeneutic Status of Psychoanalysis.Marco Buzzoni - 2001 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 32 (1):131--165.
    Hermeneutic and anti-hermeneutic sides in the debate about psychoanalysis are entangled in an epistemological and methodological antinomy, here exemplified by Grünbaum's and Spence's paradigmatic views. Both contain a partial element of truth, which they assert dialectically one against the other (§§ 1 and 2). This antinomy disappears only by reconciling an operationalist approach with man's ability to suspend the effectiveness of the‘laws’ applied to him (§ 3). The hermeneutic way in which the technical-operational criterion of truth works in psychoanalysis demands (...)
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  21. Scienza, Tecnica E Persona Umana.Marco Buzzoni - 1998 - Giornale di Metafisica 20 (1):31-60.
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  22. Assolutezza e storicità della persona.Marco Buzzoni - 1997 - Idee 34:149-164.
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  23. Esperimento E Realismo Scientifico.Marco Buzzoni & David Gooding - 2001
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  24. F. Castellani and J. Quitterer (Eds.), Agency and Causation in the Human Sciences.Marco Buzzoni - 2009 - Epistemologia 32 (1):162.
     
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  25. II problema del rapporto corpo-mente e la chiusura causale del mondo fisico.Marco Buzzoni - 2009 - Studium 105 (4):505-516.
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  26. Incommensurabilita, traducibilita e statuto del discorso epistemologico in Thomas Kuhn.Marco Buzzoni - 2000 - Epistemologia 23 (2):305-322.
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  27. Kant und das Gedankenexperiment.Marco Buzzoni - 2011 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 59 (1).
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  28. L'epistemologia in psicologia.Marco Buzzoni - 2005 - Studium 101 (1):152-154.
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  29. La matematica nel XX secolo.Marco Buzzoni - 2001 - Studium 97 (6):991-993.
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  30. Note E Discussioni/Notes and Discussions-Robotica Ed Esperimento Virtuale.Marco Buzzoni - 1999 - Epistemologia 22 (2):331-338.
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  31. On Allan Franklin's Conjectural Realism.Marco Buzzoni - 2000 - Epistemologia 23 (1):77-98.
  32. Psycho-Physical Dualism, Causality and Human Freedom.Marco Buzzoni - 2009 - Epistemologia 32 (2):219.
     
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  33. Paradigmi E Giochi Linguistici: L'A Priori Fra Kuhn E Wittgenstein.Marco Buzzoni - 2010 - Giornale di Metafisica 32 (1):83-100.
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  34. Relativismo epistemologico e persona umana.Marco Buzzoni - 2005 - Studium 101 (4):487-502.
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  35. Scienza, arte, musica e religione in Kurt Hübner.Marco Buzzoni - 2000 - Studium 96 (6):1013-1031.
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  36.  91
    Oltre la fisica normale. Interpretazioni alternative e teorie non standard nella fisica moderna.Isabella Tassani, Gino Tarozzi, Alessandro Afriat, Gennaro Auletta, Stefano Bordoni, Marco Buzzoni, Claudio Calosi, Vincenzo Fano, Alberto Cappi, Giovanni Macchia, Fabio Minazzi & Arcangelo Rossi (eds.) - 2013 - ISONOMIA - Epistemologica.
    Nella sua straordinaria opera scientifica, Franco Selleri si è sempre opposto alla rinuncia alla comprensione della struttura della realtà e della natura degli oggetti fisici, che egli considera come l’elemento caratterizzante delle principali teorie della fisica del Novecento e che è stata stigmatizzata da Karl Popper come tesi della “fine della strada in fisica”. Sin dalla fine degli anni ’60, egli ha sviluppato quella riflessione critica nei confronti delle teorie fondamentali della fisica moderna, in particolar modo della teoria delle particelle (...)
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