Results for 'Marco Mamone-Capria'

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  1.  39
    Simultaneity as an Invariant Equivalence Relation.Marco Mamone-Capria - 2012 - Foundations of Physics 42 (11):1365-1383.
    This paper deals with the concept of simultaneity in classical and relativistic physics as construed in terms of group-invariant equivalence relations. A full examination of Newton, Galilei and Poincaré invariant equivalence relations in ℝ4 is presented, which provides alternative proofs, additions and occasionally corrections of results in the literature, including Malament’s theorem and some of its variants. It is argued that the interpretation of simultaneity as an invariant equivalence relation, although interesting for its own sake, does not cut in the (...)
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  2.  46
    Spatial Directions, Anisotropy and Special Relativity.Marco Mamone Capria - 2011 - Foundations of Physics 41 (8):1375-1397.
    The concept of an objective spatial direction in special relativity is investigated and theories assuming light-speed isotropy while accepting the existence of a privileged spatial direction are classified, including so-called very special relativity. A natural generalization of the proper time principle is introduced which makes it possible to devise non-optical experimental tests of spatial isotropy. Several common misunderstandings in the relativistic literature concerning the role of spatial isotropy are clarified.
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  3.  56
    On the Conventionality of Simultaneity in Special Relativity.Marco Mamone Capria - 2001 - Foundations of Physics 31 (5):775-818.
    In this paper the classical topic of “conventionality” in defining the simultaneity (or synchrony) of distant events is tackled again, and the validity of Reichenbach's view is carefully circumscribed. In particular, the role of “one-way” assumptions in the foundations of special relativity is emphasized. The restriction by the round-trip isotropy condition on the admissible distance functions in inertial frames is studied, and its relevance to several issues (absolute simultaneity, the interpretation of Michelson–Morley type experiments, the self-measured speed of a clock) (...)
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  4.  68
    On the Michelson-Morley Experiment.Marco Mamone Capria & Fernanda Pambianco - 1994 - Foundations of Physics 24 (6):885-899.
    A rigorous wave-theoretic approach to the Michelson-Morley (M-M) experiment is presented, with special emphasis on the Huygens' principle derivation of the laws of reflection by a moving mirror. A detailed discussion of the Lorentz-Fitzgerald contraction hypothesis (CH) is included. Several mistakes appearing in the standard textbook treatments of these issues are pointed out, and a number of related historical questions are considered.
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  5.  19
    Symmetries and Asymmetries in Classical and Relativistic Electrodynamics.Umberto Bartocci & Marco Mamone Capria - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (7):787-801.
    By a comparison between Maxwell's electrodynamics classically interpreted (MT) and relativistic electrodynamics (RED), this paper discusses whether the “asymmetries” in MT mentioned by A. Einstein in his 1905 relativity paper are only of a conceptual nature or rather involve specific empirical claims. It is shown that in fact MT predicts strongly asymmetric behaviour for very simple interactions, and an analysis is made of the extent of the “symmetry” achieved by means of relativistic postulates. A “low” velocity experiment is suggested which (...)
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  6.  9
    On the Michelson-Morley Experiment.Marco Mamone Capria & Fernanda Pambianco - 1995 - Foundations of Physics 25 (5):779-779.
  7.  3
    Complessità, riduzionismo e teorie finali in fisica.Marco Mamone Capria - 2004 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 17 (1):95-108.
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  8.  15
    On the Fundamental Theorem of the Theory of Relativity.Marco Mamone-Capria - 2016 - Foundations of Physics 46 (12):1680-1712.
    A new formulation of what may be called the “fundamental theorem of the theory of relativity” is presented and proved in -space-time, based on the full classification of special transformations and the corresponding velocity addition laws. A system of axioms is introduced and discussed leading to the result, and a study is made of several variants of that system. In particular the status of the group axiom is investigated with respect to the condition of the two-way isotropy of light. Several (...)
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  9.  17
    Marco Del Seta, Review of On the Reliability of Economic Models by Daniel Little. [REVIEW]Marco Del Seta - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (4):730-732.
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  10.  43
    Marco Polo Milion: An Unknown Source Concerning Marco Polo.Marco Pozza - 2006 - Mediaeval Studies 68 (1):285-301.
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  11.  12
    The Big Contradiction. Feminism and Communism in the Magazine Lotta Continua. 1968-1978.Graziano Mamone - 2017 - History of Communism in Europe 8:37-61.
    A new feminist ideology can be outlined by examining the magazine “Lotta Continua”, official newspaper of the homonymous Italian extra-parliamentary group. Riots in factories and universities were closely reported in the magazine, which painted a society still affected by strong gender inequalities. Split between an opposition to official communism and the spontaneity of the working class conflict, women emerged from family isolation. The great achievements of the Italian feminist movement were reported according to the point of view of the dissident (...)
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  12.  1
    Le Génie de la Révolution. La concezione della Rivoluzione nel Saggio di Chateaubriand.Alvise Capria - 2020 - Scienza and Politica. Per Una Storia Delle Dottrine 32 (63):187-203.
    The article aims to understand the notion underlying the term “revolution” in René de Chateaubriand’s Essay on Revolutions, making particular reference not only to the substantial notes of the 1826 re-edition, provided by the author himself, but also to the conceptual constellation surrounding the nascent concept of revolution, in particular “history” and “revolutionary rupture”.
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  13.  4
    Technoscientific Approaches to Deep Time.Marco Tamborini - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
  14. Lo strabismo dello storico (fra gli antichi e noi). Intervista teorico-biografica. A cura di Marco Solinas.Mario Vegetti & Marco Solinas - 2008 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 21 (3):529-568.
  15.  35
    The Democratic Boundary Problem and Social Contract Theory.Marco Verschoor - 2018 - European Journal of Political Theory 17 (1):3-22.
    How to demarcate the political units within which democracy will be practiced? Although recent years have witnessed a steadily increasing academic interest in this question concerning the boundary problem in democratic theory, social contract theory’s potential for solving it has largely been ignored. In fact, contract views are premised on the assumption of a given people and so presuppose what requires legitimization: the existence of a demarcated group of individuals materializing, as it were, from nowhere and whose members agree among (...)
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  16.  12
    Paleontology and Darwin’s Theory of Evolution: The Subversive Role of Statistics at the End of the 19th Century.Marco Tamborini - 2015 - Journal of the History of Biology 48 (4):575-612.
    This paper examines the subversive role of statistics paleontology at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries. In particular, I will focus on German paleontology and its relationship with statistics. I argue that in paleontology, the quantitative method was questioned and strongly limited by the first decade of the 20th century because, as its opponents noted, when the fossil record is treated statistically, it was found to generate results openly in conflict with the Darwinian theory (...)
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  17. Aristotle and the Problems of Method in Ethics.Marco Zingano - 2007 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 32:297-330.
  18.  31
    Implementing Corporate Responsibility — The Chiquita Case.Marco Were - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 44 (2-3):247-260.
    This article gives a practice-based overview of the implementation aspects of Corporate Responsibility. After discussing the success factors for implementing Corporate Responsibility, the article describes a model for implementing Corporate Responsibility. Special attention is given to the success factors in the subsequent phases of implementation (sensitivity to the organizational environment, awareness of core values and clear leadership), to ensure that the most optimal results attainable for the organization can be reached. The implementation-model is clarified by looking at experiences in implementing (...)
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  19.  1
    Series of forms, visual techniques, and quantitative devices: ordering the world between the end of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.Marco Tamborini - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (4):1-20.
    In this paper, I investigate the variety and richness of the taxonomical practices between the end of the nineteenth and the early twentieth centuries. During these decades, zoologists and paleontologists came up with different quantitative practices in order to classify their data in line with the new biological principles introduced by Charles Darwin. Specifically, I will investigate Florentino Ameghino’s mathematization of mammalian dentition and the quantitative practices and visualizations of several German-speaking paleontologists at the beginning of the twentieth century. In (...)
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  20.  8
    The Biology and Evolution of the Three Psychological Tendencies to Anthropomorphize Biology and Evolution.Marco Antonio Correa Varella - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  21.  69
    Implementing Corporate Responsibility – the Chiquita Case.Marco Were - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 44 (2-3):247 - 260.
    This article gives a practice-based overview of the implementation aspects of Corporate Responsibility. After discussing the success factors for implementing Corporate Responsibility, the article describes a model for implementing Corporate Responsibility. Special attention is given to the success factors in the subsequent phases of implementation (sensitivity to the organizational environment, awareness of core values and clear leadership), to ensure that the most optimal results attainable for the organization can be reached. The implementation-model is clarified by looking at experiences in implementing (...)
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  22.  5
    The Reception of Darwin in Late Nineteenth-Century German Paleontology as a Case of Pyrrhic Victory.Marco Tamborini - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 66:37-45.
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  23.  11
    Modeling Language and Cognition with Deep Unsupervised Learning: A Tutorial Overview.Marco Zorzi, Alberto Testolin & Ivilin P. Stoianov - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  24.  62
    Before Microfinance: The Social Value of Microsavings in Vincentian Poverty Reduction. [REVIEW]Marco Tavanti - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 112 (4):697-706.
    The purpose of this article is to present and discuss the values and limits of microfinance within the context of poverty reduction, international development, and community empowerment. The main thesis is that microfinance requires a more complex strategy than simply the provision of credits. The development of financial capital depends on the increase in human capacity and social capital. Microfinance is revisited under the ethical lenses of global responsibility for alleviating poverty and developing community sustainability. Through a critical review of (...)
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  25. Some Remarks on the Division of Cognitive Labor.Marco Viola - 2015 - RT. A Journal on Research Policy and Evaluation 3.
    Since the publication of Kitcher’s influential paper The Division of Cognitive Labor, some philosophers wondered about these two related issues: (1) which is the optimal distribution of cognitive efforts among rival methods within a scientific community?, and (2) whether and how can a community achieve such an optimal distribution? Though not committing to any specific answer to question (1), I claim that issue (2) does not depend exclusively on an invisible hand like mechanism, since both intra-scientific and extra-scientific institutions may (...)
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  26.  26
    The Standard Ontological Framework of Cognitive Neuroscience: Some Lessons From Broca’s Area.Marco Viola & Elia Zanin - 2017 - Philosophical Psychology 30 (7):945-969.
    Since cognitive neuroscience aims at giving an integrated account of mind and brain, its ontology should include both neural and cognitive entities and specify their relations. According to what we call the standard ontological framework of cognitive neuroscience, the aim of cognitive neuroscience should be to establish one-to-one mappings between neural and cognitive entities. Where such entities do not yet closely align, this can be achieved by reforming the cognitive ontology, the neural ontology, or both. In order to assess the (...)
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  27.  3
    “If the Americans Can Do It, so Can We”: How Dinosaur Bones Shaped German Paleontology.Marco Tamborini - 2016 - History of Science 54 (3):225-256.
    Between 1909 and 1913, Berlin’s Museum für Naturkunde unearthed more than 225 tons of fossils in former German East Africa and transported them to Berlin. Among them were the bones of Brachiosaurus brancai, which would eventually become the biggest mounted dinosaur in the world. By analyzing the social and communicative strategies that made this expedition possible, this paper aims to reveal several aspects of natural history knowledge production at the end of the long nineteenth century. Using rhetoric, the director of (...)
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  28.  5
    Challenging the Adaptationist Paradigm: Morphogenesis, Constraints, and Constructions.Marco Tamborini - 2020 - Journal of the History of Biology 53 (2):269-294.
    In this paper, I argue that the German morphological tradition made a major contribution to twentieth-century study of form. Several scientists paved the way for this research: paleontologist Adolf Seilacher, entomologist Hermann Weber, and biologist Johann-Gerhard Helmcke together with architect Frei Otto. All of them sought to examine morphogenetic processes to illustrate their inherent structural properties, thus challenging the neo-Darwinian framework of evolutionary theory. I point out that the German theoretical challenge to adaptationist thinking was possible through an exchange and (...)
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  29.  5
    The Twentieth-Century Desire for Morphology.Marco Tamborini - 2020 - Journal of the History of Biology 53 (2):211-216.
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  30.  5
    Models of Cognition and Their Applications in Behavioral Economics: A Conceptual Framework for Nudging Derived From Behavior Analysis and Relational Frame Theory.Marco Tagliabue, Valeria Squatrito & Giovambattista Presti - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  31.  15
    Endurance Exercise as an “Endogenous” Neuro-Enhancement Strategy to Facilitate Motor Learning.Marco Taubert, Arno Villringer & Nico Lehmann - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  32. Dialética, Indução e Inteligência na aquisição dos Primeiros Princípios.Marco Zingano - 2004 - Analytica 8 (1):27-41.
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  33.  2
    Series of forms, visual techniques, and quantitative devices: ordering the world between the end of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.Marco Tamborini - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (4):1-20.
    In this paper, I investigate the variety and richness of the taxonomical practices between the end of the nineteenth and the early twentieth centuries. During these decades, zoologists and paleontologists came up with different quantitative practices in order to classify their data in line with the new biological principles introduced by Charles Darwin. Specifically, I will investigate Florentino Ameghino’s mathematization of mammalian dentition and the quantitative practices and visualizations of several German-speaking paleontologists at the beginning of the twentieth century. In (...)
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  34.  12
    Hugo Grotius and the Century of Revolution 1613–1718: Transnational Reception in English Political Thought, Written by Marco Barducci. [REVIEW]Marco Barducci - 2018 - Grotiana 39 (1):137-151.
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  35.  9
    Application of Bayes' Theorem in Valuating Depression Tests Performance.Marco Tommasi, Grazia Ferrara & Aristide Saggino - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  36.  60
    The Self and Social Cognition: The Role of Cortical Midline Structures and Mirror Neurons.Lucina Q. Uddin, Marco Iacoboni, Claudia Lange & Julian Paul Keenan - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (4):153-157.
  37.  7
    Dynamical Criticality in Gene Regulatory Networks.Marco Villani, Luca La Rocca, Stuart Alan Kauffman & Roberto Serra - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-14.
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  38.  29
    Oneiric Activity in Schizophrenia: Textual Analysis of Dream Reports.Marco Zanasi, Fabrizio Calisti, Giorgio Di Lorenzo, Giulia Valerio & Alberto Siracusano - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):337-348.
    This work evaluated the structure of dreams in people affected by schizophrenia. The verbal reports of 123 schizophrenic patients were compared with 123 dream reports from a control group. In accordance with the Jungian conceptualization of, dreams as texts, dream reports were assessed using textual analysis processing techniques.Significant differences were found in textual parameters, showing that the dreams reports of schizophrenic patients differ from those of the control group. It is thus possible that schizophrenia probably underlies changes in the oneiric (...)
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  39.  2
    Die Wurzeln der Idiographischen Paläontologie: Karl Alfred von Zittels Praxis und sein Begriff des Fossils.Marco Tamborini - 2015 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 23 (3-4):117-142.
    This paper examines Karl Alfred von Zittel’s practice in order to uncover the roots of so-called idiographic paleontology. The great American paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould defined the discipline of idiographic paleontology as illustration and description of the morphological features of extinct species. However, this approach does not investigate macroevolutionary patterns and processes. On the contrary, the paleobiological revolution of the 1970s implemented an epistemic methodology that illustrates macrovelutionary patterns and laws by combining idiographic data with a nomothetic form of explanation. (...)
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  40.  17
    Happiness and the Market: The Ontology of the Human Being in Thomas Aquinas and Modern Functionalism.Marco Visentin - 2014 - Business Ethics: A European Review 23 (4):430-444.
    In this paper, we aim at identifying a concept of man that can represent a reference point for those who work or supervise social processes characterized by commercial or economic purposes. Economic, management, and organizational theories and ideas have a large impact on the way we think of ourselves, and we act accordingly. By making a radical departure from the ontological assumptions, this paper proposes a shifting of the current paradigm in terms of how we theorize about man. In order (...)
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  41.  73
    Young Children Enforce Social Norms Selectively Depending on the Violator’s Group Affiliation.Marco Fh Schmidt, Hannes Rakoczy & Michael Tomasello - 2012 - Cognition 124 (3):325-333.
  42. Multiple Levels of Corporate Sustainability.Marcel van Marrewijk & Marco Werre - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 44 (2-3):107-119.
    According to Dr. Clare Graves, mankind has developed eight core value systems,1 as responses to prevailing circumstances. Given different contexts and value systems, a one-solution-fits-all concept of corporate sustainability is not reasonable. Therefore, this paper presents various definitions and forms of sustainability, each linked to specific (societal) circumstances and related value systems. A sustainability matrix– an essential element of the overall European Corporate Sustainability Framework – is described showing six types of organizations at different developmental stages, with different forms of (...)
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  43.  6
    Fora do mundo: lugar e sentido da não-humanidade na ontologia fundamental.Marco A. Valentim - 2016 - Discurso 46 (2):287-334.
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  44. Schopenhauer and the Empirical Confirmations of Philosophy.Marco Segala - 2010 - Idealistic Studies 40 (1-2):27-41.
    This paper focuses on Schopenhauer’s On the Will in Nature (1836), a book which is generally underestimated by scholars interested in Schopenhauer’sphilosophy. This essay analyses its genesis in Schopenhauer’s manuscripts, examines its role in Schopenhauer’s thought and its relationship with The World asWill and Representation, and locates its content and meaning with reference to the philosophical and scientific context. Aim of the article is a better understanding of Schopenhauer’s treatise, and such a scope is pursued by accurate insight of its (...)
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  45.  23
    The Conceptual Unity of Friendship in the Eudemian and the Nicomachean Ethics.Marco Zingano - 2015 - Apeiron 48 (2):195-219.
    Journal Name: Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print.
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  46.  85
    Young Children Attribute Normativity to Novel Actions Without Pedagogy or Normative Language.Marco F. H. Schmidt, Hannes Rakoczy & Michael Tomasello - 2011 - Developmental Science 14 (3):530-539.
    Young children interpret some acts performed by adults as normatively governed, that is, as capable of being performed either rightly or wrongly. In previous experiments, children have made this interpretation when adults introduced them to novel acts with normative language (e.g. ‘this is the way it goes’), along with pedagogical cues signaling culturally important information, and with social-pragmatic marking that this action is a token of a familiar type. In the current experiment, we exposed children to novel actions with no (...)
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  47. Plato's Problem: An Introduction to Mathematical Platonism.Marco Panza & Andrea Sereni - 2013 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
  48.  33
    Teatro, formación y vida en el Wilhelm Meister de Goethe.Marco Aurelio Werle - 2013 - Estudios de Filosofía (Universidad de Antioquia) 47:107-119.
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  49.  8
    Solide en Gedegen Onderwijs. Wiskunde- en natuurkunde- onderwijsdiscussies in de jaren 1920 als monitor voor disciplinevorming.Marco Tompitak & Danny Beckers - 2015 - Studium : Revue D’Histoire des Sciences Et des Universités 8 (2):84-100.
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  50.  3
    Individuals, Form, Movement: From Lambda to Z–H.Marco Zingano - 2016 - In Christoph Horn (ed.), Aristotle’s "Metaphysics" Lambda – New Essays. De Gruyter. pp. 139-156.
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