10 found
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  1.  28
    Possibilities as the foundation of reasoning.P. N. Johnson-Laird & Marco Ragni - 2019 - Cognition 193 (C):103950.
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  2.  12
    Predictive Modeling of Individual Human Cognition: Upper Bounds and a New Perspective on Performance.Nicolas Riesterer, Daniel Brand & Marco Ragni - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (3):960-974.
    Syllogisms (e.g. “All A are B; All B are C; What is true about A and C?”) are a long‐studied area of human reasoning. Riesterer, Brand, and Ragni compare a variety of models to human performance and show that not only do current models have a lot of room for improvement, but more importantly a large part of this improvement must come from examining individual differences in performance.
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  3.  23
    A theory and a computational model of spatial reasoning with preferred mental models.Marco Ragni & Markus Knauff - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (3):561-588.
  4.  17
    The stability of syllogistic reasoning performance over time.Hannah Dames, Karl Christoph Klauer & Marco Ragni - 2022 - Thinking and Reasoning 28 (4):529-568.
    How individuals reason deductively has concerned researchers for many years. Yet, it is still unclear whether, and if so how, participants’ reasoning performance changes over time. In two test sessions one week apart, we examined how the syllogistic reasoning performance of 100 participants changed within and between sessions. Participants’ reasoning performance increased during the first session. A week later, they started off at the same level of reasoning performance but did not further improve. The reported performance gains were only found (...)
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  5.  21
    Modeling Human Syllogistic Reasoning: The Role of “No Valid Conclusion”.Nicolas Riesterer, Daniel Brand, Hannah Dames & Marco Ragni - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (1):446-459.
    After 100+ years of studying syllogistic reasoning, what have we learned? Well, Riesterer and colleagues suggest that we have learned to throw away most of the data! If that seems like a bad idea to you then, be assured, that the authors agree with you. The sad fact is that the conclusion of “No Valid Conclusion” (NVC) is one of the most frequently selected responses in syllogistic reasoning but these “majority data” have been ignored by most researchers. Riesterer and colleagues (...)
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  6.  30
    Formal Nonmonotonic Theories and Properties of Human Defeasible Reasoning.Marco Ragni, Christian Eichhorn, Tanja Bock, Gabriele Kern-Isberner & Alice Ping Ping Tse - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (1):79-117.
    The knowledge representation and reasoning of both humans and artificial systems often involves conditionals. A conditional connects a consequence which holds given a precondition. It can be easily recognized in natural languages with certain key words, like “if” in English. A vast amount of literature in both fields, both artificial intelligence and psychology, deals with the questions of how such conditionals can be best represented and how these conditionals can model human reasoning. On the other hand, findings in the psychology (...)
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  7. Proceedings of the KI 2015 Workshop on Formal and Cognitive Reasoning.Christoph Beierle, Gabriele Kern-Isberner, Marco Ragni & Frieder Stolzenburg (eds.) - 2015
     
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  8.  8
    Model‐Based Explanation of Feedback Effects in Syllogistic Reasoning.Daniel Brand, Nicolas Riesterer & Marco Ragni - 2022 - Topics in Cognitive Science 14 (4):828-844.
    We apply three state‐of‐the‐art models for syllogistic reasoning to data from experiments where participants received feedback for their conclusions in order to demonstrate the use of model parameters to derive new hypotheses and present possible explanations for the feedback effect.
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  9. Human logic in spatial reasoning.Marco Ragni - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 933--939.
     
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  10. Incremental Model Construction: Eye-movements reflect mental representations and operations–even if there is nothing to look at.Marco Ragni, Thomas Fangmeier, Andreas Bittner & Lars Konieczny - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.