Results for 'Marcus Müllner'

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  1.  99
    Modality, Morality and Belief: Essays in Honor of Ruth Barcan Marcus.Ruth Barcan Marcus, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Diana Raffman & Nicholas Asher (eds.) - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    Modality, morality and belief are among the most controversial topics in philosophy today, and few philosophers have shaped these debates as deeply as Ruth Barcan Marcus. Inspired by her work, a distinguished group of philosophers explore these issues, refine and sharpen arguments and develop new positions on such topics as possible worlds, moral dilemmas, essentialism, and the explanation of actions by beliefs. This 'state of the art' collection honours one of the most rigorous and iconoclastic of philosophical pioneers.
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  2. Discussion on the Paper of Ruth B. Marcus.Ruth B. Marcus - 1962 - Synthese 14 (2/3):132.
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  3.  28
    On the Paper of Ruth B. Marcus.Ruth B. Marcus - 1962 - Synthese 14 (2/3):132 - 143.
  4.  11
    Marcus, Ernst. Hermann Cohens „Theorie der Erfahrung * und die Kritik der reinen Vernunft“.E. Marcus - 1911 - Kant-Studien 16 (1-3).
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  5. Heaven, Hell & History a Survey of Man's Faith in History From Antiquity to the Present John T. Marcus. --.John T. Marcus - 1967 - Macmillan.
     
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  6. Moral Dilemmas and Consistency.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1980 - Journal of Philosophy 77 (3):121-136.
    Marcus argues that moral dilemmas are real, but that they are not the result of inconsistent moral principles. Moral principles are consistent just in case there is some world where all principles are 'obeyable.' They are inconsistent just in case there is no world where all are 'obeyable.' What this logical point is meant to show is that moral dilemmas do not make moral codes inconsistent. She also discusses guilt, and argues that guilt is still appropriate even in cases (...)
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  7. The Sentimental Citizen: Emotion in Democratic Politics.George E. Marcus - 2002 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    This book challenges the conventional wisdom that improving democratic politics requires keeping emotion out of it. Marcus advances the provocative claim that the tradition in democratic theory of treating emotion and reason as hostile opposites is misguided and leads contemporary theorists to misdiagnose the current state of American democracy. Instead of viewing the presence of emotion in politics as a failure of rationality and therefore as a failure of citizenship, Marcus argues, democratic theorists need to understand that emotions (...)
     
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  8. Freud and the Culture of Psychoanalysis : Studies in the Transition From Victorian Humanism to Modernity.Steven Marcus - 2016 - Routledge.
    Originally published in 1984, this book broke new ground in assessing Freud as both an exemplary late-Victorian and as a pivotal figure in the creation of modern thought and culture. In his close reading of various of Freud’s theoretical and clinical texts, including two of the most famous case histories, Steven Marcus uncovers the steps in the development of Freud’s thought, the dynamics and contradictions and ‘the intellectual and emotional urgings, forces and conflicts that were at work… as the (...)
     
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  9.  19
    A Philosopher’s Calling.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 2015 - In Michael Frauchiger (ed.), Modalities, Identity, Belief, and Moral Dilemmas: Themes From Barcan Marcus. De Gruyter. pp. 17-38.
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  10. The Logical Enterprise.Alan Ross Anderson, Ruth Barcan Marcus, R. M. Martin & Frederic B. Fitch (eds.) - 1975 - Yale University Press.
    Metaphysics and language: Quine, W. V. O. On the individuation of attributes. Körner, S. On some relations between logic and metaphysics. Marcus, R. B. Does the principle of substitutivity rest on a mistake? Van Fraassen, B. C. Platonism's pyrrhic victory. Martin, R. M. On some prepositional relations. Kearns, J. T. Sentences and propositions.--Basic and combinatorial logic: Orgass, R. J. Extended basic logic and ordinal numbers. Curry, H. B. Representation of Markov algorithms by combinators.--Implication and consistency: Anderson, A. R. Fitch (...)
     
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  11. Modalities: Philosophical Essays.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1961 - Oxford University Press.
    Based on her earlier ground-breaking axiomatization of quantified modal logic, the papers collected here by the distinguished philosopher Ruth Barcan Marcus cover much ground in the development of her thought, spanning from 1961 to 1990. The first essay here introduces themes initially viewed as iconoclastic, such as the necessity of identity, the directly referential role of proper names as "tags", the Barcan Formula about the interplay of possibility and existence, and alternative interpretations of quantification. Marcus also addresses the (...)
  12. Quentin Smith.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1998 - In J. H. Fetzer & P. Humphreys (eds.), The New Theory of Reference: Kripke, Marcus, and its Origins. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 3.
     
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  13. Dreams of Modernity: Psychoanalysis, Literature, Cinema.Laura Marcus - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Laura Marcus is one of the leading literary critics of modernist literature and culture. Dreams of Modernity: Psychoanalysis, Literature, Cinema covers the period from around 1880 to 1930, when modernity as a form of social and cultural life fed into the beginnings of modernism as a cultural form. Railways, cinema, psychoanalysis and the literature of detection - and their impact on modern sensibility - are four of the chief subjects explored. Marcus also stresses the creativity of modernist women (...)
     
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  14. Modalities: Philosophical Essays.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1993 - Oup Usa.
    This collection of Marcus's non-technical essays include her earlier ground-breaking axiomatizations of quantified modal logic, and explore such topics as the necessity of identity, the directly referential role of proper names as "tags", the interplay of possibility and existence, and others viewed as iconoclastic when Marcus first addressed them, but now long incorporated into current discussion.
     
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  15. The Algebraic Mind.Gary F. Marcus - 2001 - MIT Press.
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  16. Rational Causation.Eric Marcus - 2012 - Harvard University Press.
  17.  33
    Birth of the Mind: How a Tiny Number of Genes Creates the Complexity of Human Thought.Gary F. Marcus - 2004 - Basic Books.
  18. Why Zombies Are Inconceivable.Eric Marcus - 2004 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (3):477-90.
    I argue that zombies are inconceivable. More precisely, I argue that the conceivability-intuition that is used to demonstrate their possibility has been misconstrued. Thought experiments alleged to feature zombies founder on the fact that, on the one hand, they _must_ involve first-person imagining, and yet, on the other hand, _cannot_. Philosophers who take themselves to have imagined zombies have unwittingly conflated imagining a creature who lacks consciousness with imagining a creature without also imagining the consciousness it may or may not (...)
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  19. Modalities and Intensional Languages.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1961 - Synthese 13 (4):303-322.
  20. Some Revisionary Proposals About Belief and Believing.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1990 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50:133 - 153.
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  21. Mental Causation: Unnaturalized but Not Unnatural.Eric Marcus - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (1):57-83.
    If a woman in the audience at a presentation raises her hand, we would take this as evidence that she intends to ask a question. In normal circumstances, we would be right to say that she raises her hand because she intends to ask a question. We also expect that there could, in principle, be a causal explanation of her hand’s rising in purely physiological terms. Ordinarily, we take the existence and compatibility of both kinds of causes for granted. But (...)
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  22. Events, Sortals, and the Mind–Body Problem.Eric Marcus - 2006 - Synthese 150 (1):99-129.
    In recent decades, a view of identity I call Sortalism has gained popularity. According to this view, if a is identical to b, then there is some sortal S such that a is the same S as b. Sortalism has typically been discussed with respect to the identity of objects. I argue that the motivations for Sortalism about object-identity apply equally well to event-identity. But Sortalism about event-identity poses a serious threat to the view that mental events are token identical (...)
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  23. Mental Causation in a Physical World.Eric Marcus - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 122 (1):27-50.
    Abstract: It is generally accepted that the most serious threat to the possibility of mental causation is posed by the causal self-sufficiency of physical causal processes. I argue, however, that this feature of the world, which I articulate in principle I call Completeness, in fact poses no genuine threat to mental causation. Some find Completeness threatening to mental causation because they confuse it with a stronger principle, which I call Closure. Others do not simply conflate Completeness and Closure, but (...)
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  24. On the Parallels Between Theoretical and Practical Rationality: Reply to Setiya.Eric Marcus - 2013 - Analysis 73 (3):512-525.
    Two principles are central to Rational Causation. Causalism: Believing and acting for a reason are causal phenomena in the sense that there is in both domains a causal connection between ground and grounded. Equivalence: There is a necessary connection between something's being the reason why I believe or act and my taking it to favour the belief or action. Kieran Setiya argues that Causalism is false in the theoretical case and that Equivalence is false in the practical case. I reply (...)
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  25. Rationality and Believing the Impossible.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1983 - Journal of Philosophy 80 (6):321-338.
  26. Musicality: Instinct or Acquired Skill?Gary F. Marcus - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (4):498-512.
  27. Intentionalism and the Imaginability of the Inverted Spectrum.Eric Marcus - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (224):321-339.
    There has been much written in recent years about whether a pair of subjects could have visual experiences that represented the colors of objects in their environment in precisely the same way, despite differing significantly in what it was like to undergo them, differing that is, in their qualitative character. The possibility of spectrum inversion has been so much debated1 in large part because of the threat that it would pose to the more general doctrine of Intentionalism, according to which (...)
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  28. A Proposed Solution to a Puzzle About Belief.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1981 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 6 (1):501-510.
  29. Quantification and Ontology.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1972 - Noûs 6 (3):240-250.
  30. Why There Are No Token States.Eric Marcus - 2009 - Journal of Philosophical Research 34:215-241.
    The thesis that mental states are physical states enjoys widespread popularity. After the abandonment of typeidentity theories, however, this thesis has typically been framed in terms of state tokens. I argue that token states are a philosopher’s fiction, and that debates about the identity of mental and physical state tokens thus rest on a mistake.
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  31. Interpreting Quantification.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1962 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 5 (1-4):252 – 259.
    Alternative readings of quantification are considered. The absence of an unequivocal translation into ordinary speech is noted. Some examples are cited which, in the opinion of the author, are a result of equivocal readings of quantification, or unnecessarily restrictive readings which obscure its primary function.
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  32. What is an Initiation Story?Mordecai Marcus - 1960 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 19 (2):221-228.
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  33. Structuralism, Indispensability, and the Access Problem.Russell Marcus - 2007 - Facta Philosophica 9 (1):203-211.
    The access problem for mathematics arises from the supposition that the referents of mathematical terms inhabit a realm separate from us. Quine’s approach in the philosophy of mathematics dissolves the access problem, though his solution sometimes goes unrecognized, even by those who rely on his framework. This paper highlights both Quine’s position and its neglect. I argue that Michael Resnik’s structuralist, for example, has no access problem for the so-called mathematical objects he posits, despite recent criticism, since he relies on (...)
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  34.  71
    Essential Attribution.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1971 - Journal of Philosophy 68 (7):187-202.
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  35. Summary.Eric Marcus - 2013 - Analysis 73 (3):499-501.
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  36. Essentialism in Modal Logic.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1967 - Noûs 1 (1):91-96.
  37. Extensionality.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1960 - Mind 69 (273):55-62.
  38.  52
    Rules, Radical Pragmatics and Restrictions on Regular Polysemy.H. Rabagliati, G. F. Marcus & L. Pylkkanen - 2011 - Journal of Semantics 28 (4):485-512.
    Although regular polysemy [e.g. producer for product (John read Dickens) or container for contents (John drank the bottle)] has been extensively studied, there has been little work on why certain polysemy patterns are more acceptable than others. We take an empirical approach to the question, in particular evaluating an account based on rules against a gradient account of polysemy that is based on various radical pragmatic theories (Fauconnier 1985; Nunberg 1995). Under the gradient approach, possible senses become more acceptable as (...)
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  39.  37
    Concepts, Correlations, and Some Challenges for Connectionist Cognition.Gary F. Marcus & Frank C. Keil - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):722-723.
    Rogers & McClelland's (R&M's) précis represents an important effort to address key issues in concepts and categorization, but few of the simulations deliver what is promised. We argue that the models are seriously underconstrained, importantly incomplete, and psychologically implausible; more broadly, R&M dwell too heavily on the apparent successes without comparable concern for limitations already noted in the literature.
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  40.  9
    Limits of Elite Influence on Public Opinion.Stanley Feldman, Leonie Huddy & George E. Marcus - 2012 - Critical Review 24 (4):489-503.
    One of the major assumptions of John Zaller's RAS model of public opinion is that people need explicit cues from partisan elites in order to evaluate persuasive messages. This puts the public in the position of a passive audience, unable to scrutinize information or make independent decisions. However, there is evidence that people can, under some circumstances, evaluate and use information independently of elite cues. Thus, patterns of public opinion in the months before the Iraq war are inconsistent with the (...)
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  41. Dispensing with Possibilia.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1975 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 49:39 - 51.
  42.  93
    Nominalism and the Substitutional Quantifier.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1978 - The Monist 61 (3):351-362.
    It has been suggested that a substitutional semantics for quantification theory lends itself to nominalistic aims. I should like in this paper to explore that claim.
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  43. The Western Conception of Moral Order.J. T. Marcus - 1970 - Diogenes 18 (71):81-108.
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  44. The $\Prec$-Order on Submodels.Leo Marcus - 1976 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 41 (1):215 - 221.
  45.  12
    Modal Logics I: Modalities and Intensional Languages'.Ruth Bar Can Marcus - forthcoming - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science.
  46. Introduction.Neni Panourgiá & George E. Marcus - 2008 - In E. Neni K. Panourgia & George E. Marcus (eds.), Ethnographica Moralia: Experiments in Interpretive Anthropology. Fordham University Press.
     
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  47.  44
    Iterated Deontic Modalities.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1966 - Mind 75 (300):580-582.
  48.  68
    Strict Implication, Deducibility and the Deduction Theorem.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1953 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 18 (3):234-236.
  49.  74
    What Developmental Biology Can Tell Us About Innateness.Gary F. Marcus - 2005 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents. New York: Oxford University Press New York. pp. 23.
    This chapter examines an apparent tension created by recent research on neurological development and genetics on the one hand and cognitive development on the other. It considers what it might mean for intrinsic signals to guide the initial establishment of functional architecture. It argues that an understanding of the mechanisms by which the body develops can inform our understanding of the mechanisms by which the brain develops. It cites the view of developmental neurobiologists Fukuchi-Shimogori and Grove, that the patterning of (...)
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  50.  20
    The Anti-Naturalism of Some Language Centered Accounts of Belief.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1995 - Dialectica 49 (2-4):113-30.
    Common sense explanations of human action are often framed in terms of an agent's beliefs and desires. Recent widely received views also take believing and desiring as attitudes of an agent to linguistic or quasi‐linguistic entities. It is here claimed that such a narrow view of cognitive attitudes is not supportable, since even among lingual non‐verbal responses are often overriding evidence for belief and desire, even where they run counter to sincere verbal assents. The view is also curiously non naturalistic (...)
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