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Marcus Schulzke [20]Marcus B. Schulzke [1]
  1. Defending the Morality of Violent Video Games.Marcus Schulzke - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (2):127-138.
    The effect of violent video games is among the most widely discussed topics in media studies, and for good reason. These games are immensely popular, but many seem morally objectionable. Critics attack them for a number of reasons ranging from their capacity to teach players weapons skills to their ability to directly cause violent actions. This essay shows that many of these criticisms are misguided. Theoretical and empirical arguments against violent video games often suffer from a number of significant shortcomings (...)
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  2. Autonomous Weapons and Distributed Responsibility.Marcus Schulzke - 2013 - Philosophy and Technology 26 (2):203-219.
    The possibility that autonomous weapons will be deployed on the battlefields of the future raises the challenge of determining who can be held responsible for how these weapons act. Robert Sparrow has argued that it would be impossible to attribute responsibility for autonomous robots' actions to their creators, their commanders, or the robots themselves. This essay reaches a much different conclusion. It argues that the problem of determining responsibility for autonomous robots can be solved by addressing it within the context (...)
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  3. Simulating Philosophy: Interpreting Video Games as Executable Thought Experiments. [REVIEW]Marcus Schulzke - 2014 - Philosophy and Technology 27 (2):251-265.
    This essay proposes an alternative way of studying video games: as thought experiments akin to the narrative thought experiments that are frequently used in philosophy. This perspective incorporates insights from the narratological and ludological perspectives in game studies and highlights the philosophical significance of games. Video game thought experiments are similar to narrative thought experiments in many respects and can perform the same functions. They also have distinctive advantages over narrative thought experiments, as they situate counterfactuals in more complex, developed (...)
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  4.  50
    Robots as Weapons in Just Wars.Marcus Schulzke - 2011 - Philosophy and Technology 24 (3):293-306.
    This essay analyzes the use of military robots in terms of the jus in bello concepts of discrimination and proportionality. It argues that while robots may make mistakes, they do not suffer from most of the impairments that interfere with human judgment on the battlefield. Although robots are imperfect weapons, they can exercise as much restraint as human soldiers, if not more. Robots can be used in a way that is consistent with just war theory when they are programmed to (...)
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  5. The Social Benefits of Protecting Hate Speech and Exposing Sources of Prejudice.Marcus Schulzke - 2016 - Res Publica 22 (2):225-242.
    I argue that there are strong consequentialist grounds for thinking that hate speech should be legally protected. The protection of hate speech allows those who are hateful to make their beliefs public, thereby exposing prejudices that might otherwise be suppressed to evaluation by other members of society. This greater transparency about prejudices has two social benefits. First, it facilitates social trust by making it easier to discover who holds beliefs that should exclude them from positions of authority, responsibility, and influence. (...)
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  6.  42
    Ethically Insoluble Dilemmas in War.Marcus Schulzke - 2013 - Journal of Military Ethics 12 (2):95 - 110.
    Soldiers encounter extremely difficult ethical dilemmas during wars, as they must make decisions about how to follow the laws of war and their rules of engagement while still protecting themselves and accomplishing their missions. Scholarship on just war theory and military ethics generally describe soldiers' dilemmas as being ethical challenges that soldiers can overcome by using the correct ethical reasoning process. However, this essay argues that some of the apparent ethical dilemmas that soldiers confront are actually ethically insoluble dilemmas that (...)
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  7.  38
    Rethinking Military Virtue Ethics in an Age of Unmanned Weapons.Marcus Schulzke - 2016 - Journal of Military Ethics 15 (3):187-204.
    Although most styles of military ethics are hybrids that draw on multiple ethical theories, they are usually based primarily on the model of Aristotelian virtue ethics. Virtue ethics is well-suited for regulating the conduct of soldiers who have to make quick decisions on the battlefield, but its applicability to military personnel is threatened by the growing use of unmanned weapon systems. These weapons disrupt virtue ethics’ institutional and cultural basis by changing what it means to display virtue and transforming the (...)
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  8. Kant's Categorical Imperative, the Value of Respect, and the Treatment of Women.Marcus Schulzke - 2012 - Journal of Military Ethics 11 (1):26-41.
    This paper explores the relevance of Kant's categorical imperative to military ethics and the solution it suggests for improving the treatment of women in the military. The second formulation of the categorical imperative makes universal respect for humanity a moral requirement by asserting that one must always treat other people as means in themselves and never as merely means to an end. This principle is a promising guide for military ethics and can be reconciled with the acts of violence required (...)
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  9.  16
    Carl Schmitt and the Mythological Dimensions of Partisan War.Marcus Schulzke - 2016 - Journal of International Political Theory 12 (3):345-364.
    I offer a reading of Theory of the Partisan that focuses on Carl Schmitt’s discussion of the ideological dimensions of war. Schmitt indicates that partisans are heavily mythologized figures that are partially constructed by politicians, military strategists, and intellectuals in an effort to incite and control “people’s wars.” The myths are open to appropriation and modification by states, intellectuals, and revolutionaries. These actors engage in an ideological struggle over myths and use them to ensure success in wars that depend on (...)
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  10.  12
    Developing a National Foundation for Global Taxation.Marcus Schulzke - 2014 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 1 (1):105-125.
    Two of the most serious obstacles that plans for global taxation must overcome are: that there is no existing cosmopolitan political community that can serve as the ethical basis for global distributive justice and that many states have no strong interest that would lead them to support the creation of global taxes. I argue that it is possible for a system of global taxation to overcome these problems if a tax could provide a clear benefit to existing political communities and (...)
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  11.  25
    Judicial Review in Context: A Response to Counter-Majoritarian and Epistemic Critiques.Marcus Schulzke & Amanda Carroll - 2011 - Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 58 (127):1-23.
    This essay defends judicial review on procedural grounds by showing that it is an integral part of American democracy. Critics who object to judicial review using counter-majoritarian and epistemic arguments raise important concerns that should shape our understanding of the Supreme Court. Nevertheless, critics often fail to account for the formal and informal mechanisms that overcome these difficulties. Critics also fail to show that other branches of government could use the power of Constitutional interpretation more responsibly. By defending judicial review (...)
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  12.  9
    John T. Lysaker , Emerson and Self-Culture (Indianapolis, IN: Indiana University Press, 2008), ISBN: 978-0253219718.Marcus B. Schulzke - 2009 - Foucault Studies 7:185-188.
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  13. Just War Theory and Civilian Casualties: Protecting the Victims of War.Marcus Schulzke - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    There are strong moral and legal pressures against harming civilians in times of conflict, yet neither just war theory nor international law is clear about what responsibilities belligerents have to correct harm once it has been inflicted. In this book, Marcus Schulzke argues that military powers have a duty to provide assistance to the civilians they attack during wars, and that this duty is entailed by civilians' right to life. Schulzke develops new just war principles requiring belligerents to provide medical (...)
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  14.  21
    Mari Ruti , Reinventing the Soul: Posthumanist Theory and Psychic Life (New York: Other Press, 2006), ISBN: 978-1590511237. [REVIEW]Marcus Schulzke - 2010 - Foucault Studies 9:225-227.
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  15.  5
    Mari Ruti , A World of Fragile Things: Psychoanalysis and the Art of Living (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2009), ISBN: 971-438427164. [REVIEW]Marcus Schulzke - 2010 - Foucault Studies 10:186-189.
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  16.  30
    New Atheism and Moral Theory.Marcus Schulzke - 2013 - Journal of Global Ethics 9 (1):1-11.
    Over the past decade, New Atheists have campaigned against the influence of religion in public life and favored a more enlightened understanding of the world ? one based on the methods and theories of the natural sciences. Although the leaders of this movement refuse to give religion, even moderate religion, any place in determining moral conduct, they offer few alternatives. Most define moral responsibility by referring to facts about human biology or natural moral intuitions, yet without adequately defending this or (...)
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  17.  17
    The Contingent Morality of War: Establishing a Diachronic Model of Jus Ad Bellum.Marcus Schulzke - 2015 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 18 (3):264-284.