Results for 'Margrit O. Glaser'

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  1.  17
    Context Effects in Stroop-Like Word and Picture Processing.Wilhelm R. Glaser & Margrit O. Glaser - 1989 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118 (1):13-42.
  2.  18
    A Comment on “The Risky Business of Assessing Research Risk”.Nicole Glaser, Nathan Kuppermann, James Marcin & Walton O. Schalick Iii - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (11):W5 - W6.
  3.  13
    Jen Glaser.Jen Glaser & Mor Yorshansky - 2009 - Thinking: The Journal of Philosophy for Children 19 (2-3):14-20.
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  4.  9
    Humanity a Moral History of the Twentieth Century.Margrit Shildrick - 1999
  5.  24
    Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century.Margrit Shildrick - 2003 - Hypatia 18 (2):227-229.
  6.  76
    Leaky Bodies and Boundaries: Feminism, Postmodernism and (Bio)Ethics.Margrit Shildrick - 1997 - Routledge.
    Drawing on postmodernist analyses, Leaky Bodies and Boundaries presents a feminist investigation into the marginalization of women within western discourse that denies both female moral agency and bodylines. With reference to contemporary and historical issues in biomedicine, the book argues that the boundaries of both the subject and the body are no longer secure. The aim is both to valorize women and to suggest that "leakiness" may be the very ground for a postmodern feminist ethic. The contribution made by (...) Shildrick is to go beyond modernist feminisms to radically displace the mechanisms by which women are devalued. The anxiety that postmodernism cannot yield an ethics, nor advance feminist concerns is addressed. (shrink)
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  7.  18
    Changing Funding Arrangements and the Production of Scientific Knowledge: Introduction to the Special Issue.Jochen Gläser & Kathia Serrano Velarde - 2018 - Minerva 56 (1):1-10.
    With this special issue, we would like to promote research on changes in the funding of the sciences, social sciences, and humanities. Since funding secures the livelihood of researchers and the means to do research, it is an indispensable condition for almost all research; as funding arrangements are undergoing dramatic changes, we think it timely to renew the science studies community’s efforts to understand the funding of research. Changes in the governance of science have garnered considerable attention from science studies (...)
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  8.  28
    Messy Entanglements: Research Assemblages in Heart Transplantation Discourses and Practices.Margrit Shildrick, Andrew Carnie, Alexa Wright, Patricia McKeever, Emily Huan-Ching Jan, Enza De Luca, Ingrid Bachmann, Susan Abbey, Dana Dal Bo, Jennifer Poole, Tammer El-Sheikh & Heather Ross - 2018 - Medical Humanities 44 (1):46-54.
    The paper engages with a variety of data around a supposedly single biomedical event, that of heart transplantation. In conventional discourse, organ transplantation constitutes an unproblematised form of spare part surgery in which failing biological components are replaced by more efficient and enduring ones, but once that simple picture is complicated by employing a radically interdisciplinary approach, any biomedical certainty is profoundly disrupted. Our aim, as a cross-sectorial partnership, has been to explore the complexities of heart transplantation by explicitly entangling (...)
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  9.  45
    Becoming Vulnerable: Contagious Encounters and the Ethics of Risk. [REVIEW]Margrit Shildrick - 2000 - Journal of Medical Humanities 21 (4):215-227.
    In western discourse the notion of the contagious, the unclean or the contaminated is never just a neutral descriptor but carries the weight of all that stands against—and paradoxically secures—the categories of normative ontology and epistemology. Set against the ideal closure and invulnerability of the self's “clean and proper body,” this paper investigates the condition of disability as a potentially contaminatory threat. But the given precarious psychic constitution of the subject, and the ontological insecurity of self performativity, can we reconfigure (...)
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  10.  41
    Précis of O'Keefe & Nadel's The Hippocampus as a Cognitive Map.John O'Keefe & Lynn Nadel - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (4):487-494.
    Theories of spatial cognition are derived from many sources. Psychologists are concerned with determining the features of the mind which, in combination with external inputs, produce our spatialized experience. A review of philosophical and other approaches has convinced us that the brain must come equipped to impose a three-dimensional Euclidean framework on experience – our analysis suggests that object re-identification may require such a framework. We identify this absolute, nonegocentric, spatial framework with a specific neural system centered in the hippocampus.A (...)
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  11.  25
    Whither Conceptual History? From National to Entangled Histories.Margrit Pernau - 2012 - Contributions to the History of Concepts 7 (1):1-11.
  12.  29
    Picture Naming.Wilhelm R. Glaser - 1992 - Cognition 42 (1-3):61-105.
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  13.  98
    “Why Should Our Bodies End at the Skin?”: Embodiment, Boundaries, and Somatechnics.Margrit Shildrick - 2015 - Hypatia 30 (1):13-29.
    Donna Haraway's enduring question—“Why should our bodies end at the skin?” —is ever more relevant in the postmodern era, where issues of bodies, boundaries, and technologies increasingly challenge not only the normative performance of the human subject, but also the very understanding of what counts as human. Critical Disability Studies has taken up the problematic of technology, particularly in relation to the deployment of prostheses by people with disabilities. Yet rehabilitation to normative practice or appearance is no longer the point; (...)
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  14.  2
    Staying Alive: Affect, Identity and Anxiety in Organ Transplantation.Margrit Shildrick - 2015 - Body and Society 21 (3):20-41.
    The field of human organ transplantation, and most particularly that of heart transplantation where the donor is always deceased, is one in which the rhetoric of hope leaves little room for any exploration or understanding of the more negative emotions and affects that recipients may experience. Where a donated heart is commonly referred to as the ‘gift of life’, both in lay discourse and by those engaged in transplantation procedures, how does this imbricate with the alternative clinical term of a (...)
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  15.  38
    The Critical Turn in Feminist Bioethics: The Case of Heart Transplantation.Margrit Shildrick - 2008 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (1):28-47.
    Given previously successful interventions that already have shaken up the convention, it is puzzling that the feminist critique of bioethics should be slow to embrace the exciting new developments that have emerged in philosophy and critical cultural studies over the last fifteen years or so. Both in the arenas of poststructuralism and postmodernism and in the powerful revival of phenomenological thought, in which the stress on embodiment is highly appropriate to bioethics, there is much that might augment the adequacy of (...)
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  16.  16
    The Impact of Changing Funding and Authority Relationships on Scientific Innovations.Richard Whitley, Jochen Gläser & Grit Laudel - 2018 - Minerva 56 (1):109-134.
    The past three decades have witnessed a sharp reduction in the rate of growth of public research funding, and sometimes an actual decline in its level. In many countries, this decline has been accompanied by substantial changes in the ways that such funding has been allocated and monitored. In addition, the institutions governing how research is directed and conducted underwent significant reforms. In this paper we examine how these changes have affected scientists’ research goals and practices by comparing the development (...)
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  17.  13
    Corporeal Cuts: Surgery and the Psycho-Social.Margrit Shildrick - 2008 - Body and Society 14 (1):31-46.
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  18.  18
    Emotional Translations: Conceptual History Beyond Language.Margrit Pernau & Imke Rajamani - 2016 - History and Theory 55 (1):46-65.
  19.  1
    Some Reflections on the Socio-Cultural and Bioscientific Limits of Bodily Integrity.Margrit Shildrick - 2010 - Body and Society 16 (3):11-22.
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  20.  56
    Breaking the Boundaries of the Broken Body.Margrit Shildrick & Janet Price - 1996 - Body and Society 2 (4):93-113.
  21.  89
    Deciding on Death: Conventions and Contestations in the Context of Disability. [REVIEW]Margrit Shildrick - 2008 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (2-3):209-219.
    Conflicts between bioethicists and disability theorists often arise over the permissibility of euthanasia and physician assisted suicide. Where mainstream bioethicists propose universalist guidelines that will direct action across a range of effectively disembodied situations, and take for granted that moral agency requires autonomy, feminist bioethicists demand a contextualisation of the circumstances under which moral decision making is conducted, and stress a more relational view of autonomy that does not require strict standards of independent agency. Nonetheless, neither traditional nor feminist perspectives (...)
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  22. Discussion of J. Kevin O’Regan’s “Why Red Doesn’T Sound Like a Bell: Understanding the Feel of Consciousness”.J. Kevin O’Regan & Ned Block - 2012 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (1):89-108.
    Discussion of J. Kevin O’Regan’s “Why Red Doesn’t Sound Like a Bell: Understanding the Feel of Consciousness” Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-20 DOI 10.1007/s13164-012-0090-7 Authors J. Kevin O’Regan, Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, CNRS - Université Paris Descartes, Centre Biomédical des Saints Pères, 45 rue des Sts Pères, 75270 Paris cedex 06, France Ned Block, Departments of Philosophy, Psychology and Center for Neural Science, New York University, 5 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA Journal Review of Philosophy and (...)
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  23.  13
    This Body Which is Not One: Dealing with Differences.Margrit Shildrick - 1999 - Body and Society 5 (2-3):77-92.
    While body modification might generally seem to take the form of denaturalizing a biological given, this article looks at the same practice as normalizing the always already unstable corpus. The dominant discourse of the post-Enlightenment relies on the notion of the centrality of the individual subject within the singular and separate body, where distinctions between self and other are secure. Against this the incidence of monstrosity in general, with its disordered crossing of the boundaries of the proper, offers a gross (...)
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  24. Bodies Together: Touch, Ethics and Disability.Margrit Shildrick & Janet Price - 2002 - In Mairian Corker Tom Shakespeare (ed.), Disability/Postmodernity: Embodying Disability Theory. pp. 63--75.
     
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  25.  40
    Categorization and Representation of Physics Problems by Experts and Novices.M. T. H. Chi, P. J. Feltovich & R. Glaser - 1981 - Cognitive Science 5 (2):121-52.
    The representation of physics problems in relation to the organization of physics knowledge is investigated in experts and novices. Four experiments examine the existence of problem categories as a basis for representation; differences in the categories used by experts and novices; differences in the knowledge associated with the categories; and features in the problems that contribute to problem categorization and representation. Results from sorting tasks and protocols reveal that experts and novices begin their problem representations with specifiably different problem categories, (...)
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  26.  25
    Health Care Ethics Committees: The Next Generation. [REVIEW]J. W. Ross, J. W. Glaser, D. Rasinski-Gregory, J. M. Gibson, C. Bayley & Giles R. Scofield - 1994 - HEC Forum 6 (3):157-162.
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  27.  42
    Posthumanism and the Monstrous Body.Margrit Shildrick - 1996 - Body and Society 2 (1):1-15.
  28.  10
    Individuality, Identity and Supplementarity in Transcorporeal Embodiment.Margrit Shildrick - 2017 - In Thomas Schwarz Wentzer, Martin Gustafsson & Kevin M. Cahill (eds.), Finite but Unbounded: New Approaches in Philosophical Anthropology. De Gruyter. pp. 153-172.
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  29.  26
    Attitudes of Academic and Clinical Researchers Toward Financial Ties in Research: A Systematic Review.Bonnie E. Glaser & Lisa A. Bero - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (4):553-573.
    Involvement of industry in academic research is widespread and associated with favorable outcomes for industry. The objective of this study was to review empirical data on the attitudes of researchers toward industry involvement and financial ties in research. A review of the literature for quantitative data from surveys on the attitudes of researchers to financial ties in research, reported in English, resulted in the 17 studies included. Review of these studies revealed that investigators are concerned about the impact of financial (...)
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  30.  30
    Compensatory Automaticity: Unconscious Volition is Not an Oxymoron.Jack Glaser & John F. Kihlstrom - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 171-195.
  31. Contesting Normative Embodiment: Some Reflections on the Psycho-Social Significance of Heart Transplant Surgery.Margrit Shildrick - 2008 - Perspectives: International Postgraduate Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):9-22.
    What constitutes the normative body is always and everywhere open to challenge and disruption, particularly in the era of postmodernity when contemporary forms of technological practice intervene directly in our bodies. I shall focus on heart transplantation where, followingthe graft, the recipient’s sense of self as a bounded and unique individual is necessarily disturbed, and it is clear that an outcome favourable to extended life expectancy cannot be read through clinical measures alone. My speculative suggestion is that there are many (...)
     
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  32.  25
    Some Speculations on Matters of Touch.Margrit Shildrick - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (4):387 – 404.
    In this essay, I examine the question of whether it is possible that the encounter with the other could be mediated such that the interval of distance would lose its determining power. I reflect on some instances of extraordinary corporeality, most particularly the phenomenon of conjoined twins, in order to problematize the relation between subjects as they are embodied. Where the normative body is supposedly marked out by the closed boundaries of the skin, the figuration of the anomalous body as (...)
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  33.  11
    Deleuzian Connections and Queer Corporealities: Shrinking Global Disability.Margrit Shildrick & Janet Price - 2005 - Rhizomes 11 (1).
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  34.  8
    ?That's Not Fair!? Argumentational Integrity as an Ethics of Argumentative Communication.Margrit Schreier, Norbert Groeben & Ursula Christmann - 1995 - Argumentation 9 (2):267-289.
    The article introduces the concept of ‘argumentational integrity’ as the basis for developing ethical criteria by which contributions to argumentative discussions can be evaluated; the focus is on the derivation, definition, and specification of the concept. The derivation of the concept starts out from a prescriptive use of ‘argumentation’, entailing in particular the goal of a rational as well as a cooperative solution. In order to make this goal attainable, contributions to argumentative discussions must meet certain conditions. It is assumed (...)
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  35.  28
    Critique of the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal Test: The More You Know, the Lower Your Score.Kevin Possin - 2014 - Informal Logic 34 (4):393-416.
    The Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal Test is one of the oldest, most frequently used, multiple-choice critical-thinking tests on the market in business, government, and legal settings for purposes of hiring and promotion. I demonstrate, however, that the test has serious construct-validity issues, stemming primarily from its ambiguous, unclear, misleading, and sometimes mysterious instructions, which have remained unaltered for decades. Erroneously scored items further diminish the test’s validity. As a result, having enhanced knowledge of formal and informal logic could well (...)
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  36.  1
    Reappraising Feminist Ethics: Developments and Debates.Margrit Shildrick - 2001 - Feminist Theory 2 (2):233-244.
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  37.  30
    Self‐Explanations: How Students Study and Use Examples in Learning to Solve Problems.Michelene T. H. Chi, Miriam Bassok, Matthew W. Lewis, Peter Reimann & Robert Glaser - 1989 - Cognitive Science 13 (2):145-182.
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  38.  36
    Can the Doctrine of Just Military Intervention Survive Iraq?Daryl Glaser - 2010 - Journal of Global Ethics 6 (3):287-304.
    The disastrous consequences of the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 appear to discredit just war theories that justify military intervention in sovereign states in the name of human rights. It is possible, however, to identify factors that distinguish a defensible military intervention from the kind pursued in Iraq, and to incorporate these into a doctrine of humanitarian military intervention that would not have permitted the Iraq invasion. This improved doctrine stands in contrast to the militant interventionist doctrine that endorsed (...)
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  39.  30
    II–Onora O’Neill.Onora O’Neill - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):211-228.
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  40.  33
    A Paradigm Shift for Ethics Committees and Case Consultation: A Modest Proposal. [REVIEW]John W. Glaser & Ronald B. Miller - 1993 - HEC Forum 5 (2):83-88.
  41.  25
    O'Connor's Paradox and the Teaching of Educational Philosophy.David Stenhouse & D. J. O'Connor - 1968 - British Journal of Educational Studies 16 (3):243 - 257.
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  42.  25
    Narrative-Based Learning: Possible Benefits and Problems.Stephan Schwan, Bärbel Garsoffky & Manuela Glaser - 2009 - Communications 34 (4):429-447.
    This paper addresses the issue of narrative influence on knowledge acquisition in science education. Special characteristics of narratives and of narrative processing are compared to characteristics and processing of traditional expository educational materials. This paper goes beyond the existing literature on processing of media presentations that combine narrative and educational contents. Effects of four distinctive narrative features – dramatization, emotionalization, personalization, and fictionalization – are discussed with regard to their influence on single steps in knowledge acquisition to explain the superiority (...)
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  43.  8
    The Lancet–O’Neill Institute/Georgetown University Commission on Global Health and Law: The Power of Law to Advance the Right to Health.Jenny C. Kaldor, Lawrence O. Gostin, John T. Monahan & Katie Gottschalk - 2020 - Public Health Ethics 13 (1):9-15.
    The Lancet–O’Neill Institute/Georgetown University Commission on Global Health and Law published its report on the Legal Determinants of Health in 2019. The term ‘legal determinants of health’ draws attention to the power of law to influence upstream social and economic influences on population health. In this article, we introduce the Commission, including its background and rationale, set out its methodology, summarize its key findings and recommendations and reflect on its impact since publication. We also look to the future, making suggestions (...)
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  44.  7
    Thinking Together.Jen Glaser - 1998 - Thinking: The Journal of Philosophy for Children 14 (1):17-23.
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  45.  2
    On Carla Lonzi: The Victory of the Clitoris Over the Vagina as an Act of Women’s Liberation.Margrit Brückner - 2014 - European Journal of Women's Studies 21 (3):278-282.
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  46.  1
    Professional Feminists Caught Between Solidarity and Disappointment: The German Case.Margrit Brückner - 1995 - European Journal of Women's Studies 2 (1):77-94.
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  47. Megatrends: Rise and Fall of Megatrends in Science : Proceedings.Margrit Leuthold, Hans Georg W. Leuenberger, Ewald R. Weibel & Patrick Aebischer (eds.) - 2002 - Schwabe.
  48. Socialist Republicanism.Tom O’Shea - 2020 - Political Theory 48 (5):548-572.
    Socialist republicans advocate public ownership and control of the means of production in order to achieve the republican goal of a society without endemic domination. While civic republicanism is often attacked for its conservatism, the relatively neglected radical history of the tradition shows how a republican form of socialism provides powerful conceptual resources to critique capitalism for leaving workers and citizens dominated. This analysis supports a programme of public ownership and economic democracy intended to reduce domination in the workplace and (...)
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  49.  37
    Indicators of Argumentational Integrity in Everyday Communication.Margrit Schreier, Norbert Groeben, Ursula Christmann, Ralf Nuse & Eva Gauler - 1993 - Argumentation 7 (2):205-219.
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  50.  10
    Jewish Pastoral Counseling: A Window of Opportunity for Israeli Academia.Yehuda Bar Shalom & Yonatan Glaser - 2007 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 6 (16):21-29.
    Following participation in Dr. Yair Caspi’s “Psychology in Judaism” workshop, the writers contemplate whether the teaching of Caspi’s model in academic settings could become simultaneously a fresh addition to interdisciplinary approaches to the teaching of Judaism in Israeli Academic life, and an academic addition to the contemporary trend to Jewish renewal in Israeli society. The model is based on weekly facilitated workshops in which participants both reflect on and discuss their lives and also explore unique interpretations of Jewish texts and (...)
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