109 found
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  1.  17
    Conversations About Taste, Contextualism, and Non-Doxastic Attitudes.Marián Zouhar - 2018 - Tandf: Philosophical Papers 47 (3):429-460.
    Volume 47, Issue 3, November 2018, Page 429-460.
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  2.  6
    On the Insufficiency of Taste Expressivism.Marián Zouhar - 2019 - Filozofia Nauki 27 (3):5-27.
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  3. Podoby referencie.Marián Zouhar - 2005 - Filosoficky Casopis 53:320-322.
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  4.  12
    Kvantifikácia v prirodzenom jazyku.Marián Zouhar - 2007 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 14 (4):525-541.
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  5.  18
    Absolutism About Taste and Faultless Disagreement.Marián Zouhar - 2020 - Acta Analytica 35 (2):273-288.
    It is usually claimed that taste utterances have judge-dependent semantic content. Jeremy Wyatt recently proposed a semantic theory that rejects this claim. According to him, the semantic content of taste sentences is judge-independent, but the content of our assertions made by uttering taste sentences is judge-dependent. He showed that this account explains faultless disagreements about tastes. My paper aims to raise some challenges to his proposal. First, a judge-independent taste proposition semantically expressed by a taste sentence seems unrelated to a (...)
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  6.  45
    Klasifikácia Definícií.Marián Zouhar - 2014 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 36 (3):337-357.
    Cieľom state je navrhnúť systematickú a vyčerpávajúcu klasifikáciu definícií. Táto klasifikácia vychádza z typológie, ktorú vypracoval Richard Robinson vo svojej knihe o definíciách, no v rôznych aspektoch ju ďalej dopracováva. Nová klasifikácia je založená na dvoch kritériách, a to kritériu predmetnosti a kritériu ilokučnej sily. Podľa kritéria predmetnosti možno definovať výrazy, pojmy, resp. objekty ; podľa kritéria ilokučnej sily možno zase rozlíšiť definície, ktoré opisujú existujúci systém, a definície, ktoré transformujú daný systém na nový systém. Napokon sa podľa týchto dvoch (...)
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  7.  17
    Frege on Fiction.Marián Zouhar - 2010 - In Pokorny Kotatko (ed.), Fictionality-Possibility-Reality. pp. 103--119.
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  8.  84
    The Structure of Frege's Thoughts.Marian Zouhar - 2011 - History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (3):199-209.
    Fregean thoughts (i.e. the senses of assertoric sentences) are structured entities because they are composed of simpler senses that are somehow ordered and interconnected. The constituent senses form a unity because some of them are ?saturated? and some ?unsaturated?. This paper shows that Frege's explanation of the structure of thoughts, which is based on the ?saturated/unsaturated? distinction, is by no means sufficient because it permits what I call ?wild analyses?, which have certain unwelcome consequences. Wild analyses are made possible because (...)
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  9.  24
    On the Notion of Rigidity for General Terms.Marián Zouhar - 2009 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 78 (1):207-229.
    Th e present paper examines three kinds of theories concerning the rigidity of general terms—extensionalist, essentialist and intensionalist theories. It is argued that both essentialist and intensionalist theories cannot deal successfully with a number of problems and that the notions of rigidity they propose for general terms lack suffi cient explanatory power. A version of the extensionalist theory, supplemented with a hierarchy of intensions, is defended. Th e theory has surprising consequences, e.g., that ‘tiger’ and some other natural kind terms (...)
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  10.  61
    Definite Descriptions, Reference, and Inference.Marián Zouhar - 2007 - Theoria 73 (1):28-45.
  11.  3
    On a Broader Notion of Rigidity.Marian Zouhar - 2012 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 26 (1):11-21.
    According to S. Kripke, an expression is rigid provided it refers to the same object in all possible worlds in which the object exists. On the other hand, H. Putnam claims that an expression is rigid provided it refers to the same object in all possible worlds in which it refers to anything at all. The paper shows that the two notions of rigidity are not equivalent because Putnam's rigidity is much broader than Kripke's; unlike Putnam's rigidity, Kripke's is interwoven (...)
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  12.  18
    Are There Directly Referring Non-Rigid Designators?Marián Zouhar - 2011 - Prolegomena 10 (1):87-100.
    The paper is aimed to show that directly referring terms have to be rigid designators. Since directly referring expressions refer to something on the basis of semantic conventions alone and since the conventions are independent of possible worlds, there cannot be a directly referring expression with shifting reference across possible worlds. Although this claim seems to be indubitable and widely recognized, it was questioned recently. Drawing on D. Lewis’ ontology of counterparts, G. Martí has shown that a directly referring expression (...)
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  13.  19
    Kvantifikácia V Prirodzenom Jazyku (I).Marián Zouhar - 2006 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 13 (4):101-122.
  14. Externalistická výzva P. Koťátkovi.Marián Zouhar - 2007 - Filosoficky Casopis 55:247-259.
    [The externalist challenge to P. Koťátko].
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  15. Kvantifikácia v prirodzenom jazyku.Marián Zouhar - 2007 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 14 (2):242-263.
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  16.  30
    In Search of Faultless Disagreement.Marián Zouhar & Institute of Philosophy - unknown
    It is sometimes claimed that there are disagreements about matters of personal taste that are faultless; in such a case, the disputing speakers believe incompatible propositions about taste while both of them are correct in what they believe. The aim of the paper is to show that it is rather difficult to find such a notion of disagreement that would permit faultlessness in the required sense. In particular, three possible notions of disagreement are discussed; neither of them is found to (...)
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  17. Linguistic Knowledge, Semantics, and Ideal Speakers.Marián Zouhar - 2010 - Epistemologia 33 (1):41-64.
  18.  23
    Kvantifikácia v prirodzenom jazyku (II).Marián Zouhar - 2006 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 13 (4):232-251.
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  19.  35
    What is Wrong with Unarticulated Constituents?Marián Zouhar - 2011 - Human Affairs 21 (3):239-248.
    It is quite popular nowadays to postulate various kinds of unarticulated constituents that have essential bearing on truth conditions of utterances. F. Recanati champions an elaborated version of contextualism according to which one has to distinguish two kinds of unarticulated constituents: those that are articulated at the level of the logical form of a given sentence and those that are truly unarticulated. Recanati offers a theory which explains the manner of incorporating truly unarticulated constituents into the propositions expressed. This theory (...)
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  20.  8
    Kvantifikácia v prirodzenom jazyku (V).Marián Zouhar - 2007 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 14 (4):98-117.
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  21.  14
    An Argument for the Obstinate Rigidity of Proper Names.Marián Zouhar - 2019 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 96 (4):497-517.
    A recent argument suggests that proper names are persistently rigid designators. Invoking the Kaplanian distinction between a world of the context of utterance and a world of the circumstance of evaluation, the argument maintains that names have to designate something only in the former, but not in the latter, implying thus that the designated objects must exist only in the former world. This paper shows that names designate something in both kinds of world and are thus obstinately rigid. This is (...)
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  22.  6
    Kvantifikácia v prirodzenom jazyku (III).Marián Zouhar - 2006 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 13 (4):379-394.
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  23.  6
    Absolutism About Taste and Faultless Disagreement.Marián Zouhar - 2020 - Acta Analytica 35 (2):273-288.
    It is usually claimed that taste utterances have judge-dependent semantic content. Jeremy Wyatt recently proposed a semantic theory that rejects this claim. According to him, the semantic content of taste sentences is judge-independent, but the content of our assertions made by uttering taste sentences is judge-dependent. He showed that this account explains faultless disagreements about tastes. My paper aims to raise some challenges to his proposal. First, a judge-independent taste proposition semantically expressed by a taste sentence seems unrelated to a (...)
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  24.  7
    O definíciách a definovaní.Lukáš Bielik, František Gahér & Marián Zouhar - 2010 - Filozofia 65 (8).
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  25. Kontext a sémantika predikátov.Marián Zouhar - 2011 - Filosoficky Casopis 59:187-205.
    [The context and semantics of predicates].
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  26. Neartikulovanié Zložky Siémantického Obsahu a Syntaktická Elipsa.Marian Zouhar - 2011 - Filozofia 66 (8).
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  27.  11
    James O. Young, Ed., Semantics of Aesthetic Judgements.Marián Zouhar - 2019 - Estetika 56 (1):147-156.
    A review of James O. Young’s Semantics of Aesthetic Judgements.
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  28.  8
    Kvantifikácia V Prirodzenom Jazyku (XI).Marián Zouhar - 2008 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 15 (4):383-398.
  29.  19
    On the Systematic Inadequacy of Fictionalism About Fictional Characters.Marián Zouhar - 2019 - Philosophia 47 (3):925-942.
    Critical statements, if true, bear ontological commitments to fictional entities. A well-known version of fictionalism about fictional characters tries to eliminate these ontological commitments by proposing that we understand critical statements as prefixed by a special sentential operator, such as ‘according to a fictional realist theory’. The aim of the present paper is to show that fictionalism about fictional characters is underdeveloped as it stands because it can be shown to be systematically inadequate. Because the fictionalist’s paraphrases of critical statements (...)
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  30.  8
    Kvantifikácia v prirodzenom jazyku (VII).Marián Zouhar - 2007 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 14 (4):379-398.
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  31.  6
    Kvantifikácia v prirodzenom jazyku (IV).Marián Zouhar - 2006 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 13 (4):539-553.
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  32.  26
    Rigidity in Mathematical Discourse.Marián Zouhar - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (3):1381-1394.
    Rigid designators designate whatever they do in all possible worlds. Mathematical definite descriptions are usually considered paradigmatic examples of such expressions. The main aim of the present paper is to challenge this view. It is argued that mathematical definite descriptions cannot be rigid in the same sense as ordinary empirical definite descriptions because—assuming that mathematical facts are not determined by goings on in possible worlds—mathematical descriptions designate whatever they do independently of possible worlds. Nevertheless, there is a widespread practice of (...)
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  33.  12
    Referencia vlastných mien (I): Kritika historickej teórie1.Marián Zouhar - 2002 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 9 (3):272-293.
    The historical theory is one of the most successful and elaborated theories dealing with the referential behaviour of proper names. The aim of the article is mainly a negative one. The introduction presents a general point of view concerning proper names and their place within a language. The second and the third parts are devoted to an outline of a version of the historical theory; the main stress is placed on the well-known devices of the theory, i.e. the naming-relation and (...)
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  34.  13
    Referencia a Russellova Teória Vlastných Mien.Marián Zouhar - 1999 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 6 (3):240-252.
    The chief aim of the article is to give an analysis of Russellś semantical theory of ordinary proper names with respect to the problem of reference. The problem can be stated in the following way: proper names are employed as devices for identifying objects - how is it possible that they can serve for this purpose? It is argued that Russellś semantics is unable to solve the problem and, moreover, it is impossible to state the problem within its conceptual framework. (...)
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  35. On Definitions and Defining.Lukas Bielik, Frantisek Gaher & Marian Zouhar - 2010 - Filozofia 65 (8):719-737.
    The paper deals with some logical, semantic and methodological aspects of defining and definitions. First of all, basic features of the background semantic theory are specified. Next, three different kinds of definitions are distinguished: codifying definitions, objectual analytic definitions and meaning analytic definitions. It is shown that the relationships between the definiendum and the definiens in a given definition differ with respect to these different kinds of definition. Furthermore, it is argued that definitions and defining are intrinsically connected with so (...)
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  36.  28
    Indexické výrazy a kontextová citlivosť.Marián Zouhar - 2013 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 20 (1):206-222.
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  37.  8
    Frege o význame.Marián Zouhar - 1997 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 4 (1):15-38.
    Though Fregeś second semantical theory is worked out excellently, he did not precisely and explicitly answer the question, which of the two semantical notions he used in his semantics - sense and reference -, could be taken as proper explication of an intuitive notion of meaning. Intuitively, meaning of a word can be connected with an understanding of the word: if we understand the word, we know its meaning. Our problem seems to be accute in connection with present tendency to (...)
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  38. Poznámky o jazku a ideálnych znakoch.Marián Zouhar - 2001 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 8 (3):314-322.
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  39. Rigidné Designátory a Referencia.Marián Zouhar - 2001 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 8 (2):150-173.
    The aim of the paper is to discuss the main characteristics exhibited by so-called rigid designators. Identification of proper names and some descriptions with rigidly designating expressions almost became a truism in the philosophy of language. It is argued that proper names are rigid designators because their reference is conventional, direct and nondescriptive but descriptions are such in spite of their reference being descriptive and mediated. Certain kinds of rigid designators and rigid reference are discriminated and it is found that (...)
     
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  40. Sémantika Vlastných Mien : Má Teória Významu Vlastných Mien Význam?Marián Zouhar - 2000 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 7 (3):257-280.
    The aim of the paper is to argue against well-known Fregean idea according to which the meaning of a proper name determines the referent of the name, and the consequence thereof that semantically interesting proper names can be characterized independently of the notion of referent. The claim that it is meaningful to formulate a theory of meaning only for those names that has referents is defended. Several important morals concerning proper names follow from the claim. 1. The role of a (...)
     
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  41. Zmysel a denotát indexových výrazov.Marián Zouhar - 1997 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 4 (3):246-263.
    The author tries to outline Fregeś semantics for indexical expressions. The task is rather problematic because there seems to be some inconsistency between general principles of Fregeś semantics and requirements posed by him for semantics of indexicals. The main problem arises when we ask which kind of sense ought to be expressed by an indexical expression. Two proposals as possible answers are discussed, one suggested by John Perry, the other by Pavel Tichý. Both proposals are in part right but there (...)
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  42.  12
    On the Alleged Indispensability of Intuitions in Philosophy.Marián Zouhar - 2015 - Balkan Journal of Philosophy 7 (1):37-44.
    It is sometimes claimed that intuitions are an indispensable part of the evidential support provided for, or against, philosophical theses concerning a wide rangeof topics. This view is ingeniously argued for by George Bealer. His approach is based on a close connection between the modal nature of philosophy and theindispensability of intuitions as sources of modally-oriented evidence. This paper is aimed at a critical assessment of this approach. It is claimed that philosophy,though being modal at bottom, need not rely on (...)
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  43.  17
    Book Reviews: Pavel Materna, "Conceptual Systems", Logos Verlag, Berlin 2004.Marián Zouhar - 2005 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 14 (1):119-126.
    Pavel Materna, "Conceptual Systems", Logos Verlag, Berlin 2004, pp. 190.
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  44.  16
    Epistemický Kontextualizmus a Jeho Motivácia.Marián Zouhar - 2013 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 20 (2):171-186.
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  45.  15
    Dva Druhy Neartikulovaných Zložiek.Marián Zouhar - 2012 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 19:291-307.
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  46.  11
    Identifikácia Jednotlivín, Referencia a Vlastné Mená.Marián Zouhar - 1999 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 6 (4):338-357.
    The paper mainly deals with the problem of reference of proper names. Unlike definite descriptions, proper names in themselves possess no exact necessary and sufficient conditions for making successful performance of reference. This is the consequence of the fact that proper names just name their bearers and do not describe them. It is argued that Frege’s theory violates this fact, and therefore can be taken only as a view about the meaning of proper names, not as a theory of reference. (...)
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  47.  11
    Referencia Vlastných Mien (II): Revízia Historickej Teórie.Marián Zouhar - 2002 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 9 (4):385-405.
    The article concerns some pragmatic features of proper names and their behaviour in communication. Its central aim is to develop a version of the historical theory of reference and to find a proper place for the main notions of the theory, such as naming, the first use and the communication chain. It is argued that the primary theoretical importance is to be attached to the act of naming, the act of name-introduction. Contrary to some wide-spread views, naming should be dissociated (...)
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  48.  11
    On Underdetermination of Contextualism.Marián Zouhar - 2014 - In Piotr Stalmaszczyk (ed.), Semantics and Beyond: Philosophical and Linguistic Inquiries. De Gruyter. pp. 291-312.
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  49.  7
    Referencia Vlastných Mien (III): Aplikácie Historickej Teórie.Marián Zouhar - 2003 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 10 (1):18-38.
    The article contains several applications of the version of the historical theory of proper names presented in the previous article . They are designed to defend its epistemologically meager point of view . It is argued that the distinction between reference of an expression and that of a speaker which lies in the very heart of the theory enables one to handle with many well-known examples . Then bounds of referential uses of proper names are tested with respect to some (...)
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  50.  6
    Sémanticky relevantné pragmatické procesy (1): Minimálny indexikalizmus a saturácia.Marián Zouhar - 2013 - Filozofia 68 (3).
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