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Maria Baghramian
University College Dublin
  1. Relativism.Maria Baghramian & Adam J. Carter - 2020 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Relativism has been, in its various guises, both one of the most popular and most reviled philosophical doctrines of our time. Defenders see it as a harbinger of tolerance and the only ethical and epistemic stance worthy of the open-minded and tolerant. Detractors dismiss it for its alleged incoherence and uncritical intellectual permissiveness. Debates about relativism permeate the whole spectrum of philosophical sub-disciplines. From ethics to epistemology, science to religion, political theory to ontology, theories of meaning and even logic, philosophy (...)
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  2.  14
    Relativism (New Problems of Philosophy).Maria Baghramian & Annalisa Coliva - 2019 - New York, NY, USA: Routledge.
    Relativism, an ancient philosophical doctrine, is once again a topic of heated debate. In this book, Maria Baghramian and Annalisa Coliva present the recent arguments for and against various forms of relativism. -/- The first two chapters introduce the conceptual and historical contours of relativism. These are followed by critical investigations of relativism about truth, conceptual relativism, epistemic relativism, and moral relativism. The concluding chapter asks whether it is possible to make sense of relativism as a philosophical thesis. -/- The (...)
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  3. Relativism.Maria Baghramian - 2004 - Routledge.
    Beginning with a historical overview of relativism, from Pythagoras in ancient Greece to Derrida and postmodernism, Maria Baghramian explores the resurgence of relativism throughout the history of philosophy. She then turns to the arguments for and against the many subdivisions of relativism, including Kuhn and Feyerabend's ideas of relativism in science, Rorty's relativism about truth, and the conceptual relativism of Quine and Putnam. Baghramian questions whether moral relativism leads to moral indifference or even nihilism, and whether feminist epistemology's concerns about (...)
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  4. Disagreement in Science: Introduction to the Special Issue.Finnur Dellsén & Maria Baghramian - 2020 - Synthese 198 (S25):6011-6021.
  5.  2
    Relativism.Maria Baghramian & J. Adam Carter - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy:1-60.
    Relativism, roughly put, is the view that truth and falsity, right and wrong, standards of reasoning, and procedures of justification are products of differing conventions and frameworks of assessment and that their authority is confined to the context giving rise to them. More precisely, ‘relativism’ covers views which maintain that—at a level of high abstraction—at least some class of things have properties they have not simpliciter, but only relative to a given framework of assessment, and correspondingly, that the truth of (...)
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  6. True to Life: Why Truth Matters.Michael Lynch & Maria Baghramian - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (222):137-140.
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  7.  70
    I—The Virtues of Relativism.Maria Baghramian - 2019 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 93 (1):247-269.
    What is it about relativism that justifies, or at least explains, its continued appeal in the face of relentless attacks through the history of philosophy? This paper explores a new answer to this old question, casting the response in metaphilosophical terms. § i introduces the problem. § ii argues that one part of the answer is that some of the well-known defences of relativism take it to be a philosophical stance—that is, a broad perspective or orientation with normative consequences—rather than (...)
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  8. Divergent Perspectives on Expert Disagreement: Preliminary Evidence From Climate Science, Climate Policy, Astrophysics, and Public Opinion.James R. Beebe, Maria Baghramian, Luke Drury & Finnur Dellsén - 2019 - Environmental Communication 13:35-50.
    We report the results of an exploratory study that examines the judgments of climate scientists, climate policy experts, astrophysicists, and non-experts (N = 3367) about the factors that contribute to the creation and persistence of disagreement within climate science and astrophysics and about how one should respond to expert disagreement. We found that, as compared to non-experts, climate experts believe that within climate science (i) there is less disagreement about climate change, (ii) methodological factors play less of a role in (...)
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  9.  4
    Pragmatism and the European Traditions: Encounters with Analytic Philosophy and Phenomenology Before the Great Divide.Sarin Marchetti & Maria Baghramian (eds.) - 2017 - London and New York: Routledge.
    The turn of the twentieth century witnessed the birth of two distinct philosophical schools in Europe: analytic philosophy and phenomenology. The history of 20th-century philosophy is often written as an account of the development of one or both of these schools, as well as their overt or covert mutual hostility. What is often left out of this history, however, is the relationship between the two European schools and a third significant philosophical event: the birth and development of pragmatism, the indigenous (...)
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  10. The Puzzle of Self‐Deception.Maria Baghramian & Anna Nicholson - 2013 - Philosophy Compass 8 (11):1018-1029.
    It is commonly accepted that people can, and regularly do, deceive themselves. Yet closer examination reveals a set of conceptual puzzles that make self-deception difficult to explain. Applying the conditions for other-deception to self-deception generates what are known as the ‘paradoxes’ of belief and intention. Simply put, the central problem is how it is possible for me to believe one thing, and yet intentionally cause myself to simultaneously believe its contradiction. There are two general approaches taken by philosophers to account (...)
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  11.  78
    Skepticism and the Value of Distrust.Maria Baghramian & Silvia Panizza - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    Faced with current urgent calls for more trust in experts, especially in high impact and politically sensitive domains, such as climate science and COVID-19, the complex and problematic nature of public trust in experts and the need for a more critical approach to the topic are easy to overlook. Scepticism – at least in its Humean mitigated form that encourages independent, questioning attitudes – can prove valuable to democratic governance, but stands in opposition to the cognitive dependency entailed by epistemic (...)
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  12.  40
    Reading Putnam.Maria Baghramian (ed.) - 2012 - Routledge.
    Hilary Putnam is one of the world’s leading philosophers. His highly original and often provocative ideas have set the agenda for a variety of debates in philosophy of science, philosophy of mind and philosophy of language. His now famous philosophical thought experiments, such as the ‘Twin earth’ and ‘the brains in the vat’ have become part of the established canon in philosophy and cognitive science. _Reading Putnam_ is an outstanding overview and assessment of Hilary Putnam’s work by a team of (...)
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  13.  1
    The Many Faces of Relativism.Maria Baghramian (ed.) - 2014 - Routledge.
    This book is a study of relativism as a dominant intellectual preoccupation of our time. Relativism asks how we are to find a way out of intractable differences of perspectives and disagreements in various domains. Standards of truth, rationality, and ethical right and wrong vary greatly and there are no universal criteria for adjudicating between them. In considering this problem, relativism suggests that what is true or right can only be determined within variable contexts of assessment. This book brings together (...)
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  14. Themes From Testimonial Injustice and Trust: Introduction to the Special Issue.Melanie Altanian & Maria Baghramian - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 29 (4):433-447.
    This is the introduction to the special issue "Themes from Testimonial Injustice and Trust" for the International Journal of Philosophical Studies.
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  15. Why Conceptual Schemes?Maria Baghramian - 1998 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 98 (3):287–306.
    According to Donald Davidson, the very idea of a conceptual scheme is the third dogma of empiricism. In this paper I examine the ways in which this claim may be interpreted. I conclude by arguing that there remains an innocent version of the scheme -content distinction which is not motivated by empiricism and does not commit us to the pernicious type of dualism that Davidson rejects.
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  16. Pluralism: The Philosophy and Politics of Diversity.Maria Baghramian & Attracta Ingram (eds.) - 2000 - Routledge.
    Cultural, moral and religious diversity is a pervasive feature of modern life, yet has only recently become the focus of intellectual debate. _Pluralism_ is the first book to tackle philosophical pluralism and link pluralist themes in philosophy to politics. A range of essays investigates the philosophical sources of pluralism, the value of pluralism and liberalism, and difference in pluralism, including writings on women and the public-private distinction. This is a valuable source for students of philosophy, politics and cultural studies.
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  17.  95
    “From Realism Back to Realism”: Putnam’s Long Journey.Maria Baghramian - 2008 - Philosophical Topics 36 (1):17-35.
  18. Relativism About Science.Maria Baghramian - 2008 - In Martin Curd & Stathis Psillos (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science. Routledge. pp. 236--47.
     
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  19. A Brief History of Relativism.Maria Baghramian - 2010 - In Michael Krausz (ed.), Relativism: A Contemporary Anthology. New York, USA: Columbia University Press. pp. 31-50.
     
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  20. Constructed Worlds, Contested Truths.Maria Baghramian - 2011 - In Richard Schantz & Markus Seidel (eds.), The Problem of Relativism in the Sociology of (Scientific) Knowledge. Ontos. pp. 105-130.
  21. Experts, Public Policy and the Question of Trust.Maria Baghramian & Michel Croce - forthcoming - In Michael Hannon & Jeroen De Ridder (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Political Epistemology. London, UK: Routledge.
    This chapter discusses the topics of trust and expertise from the perspective of political epistemology. In particular, it addresses four main questions: (§1) How should we characterise experts and their expertise? (§2) How can non-experts recognize a reliable expert? (§3) What does it take for non-experts to trust experts? (§4) What problems impede trust in experts?
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  22. Three Pragmatisms: Putnam, Rorty, and Brandom.Maria Baghramian - 2008 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 95 (1):83-101.
    Over the last several decades an increasing number of philosophers have announced their sympathies for or have become affiliated with what has become known as neo-pragmatism. The connection between the various strands of pragmatism, new and old, however, remains quite unclear. This paper attempts to shed some light on this issue by focusing on a debate between Hilary Putnam and Robert Brandom on classical and contemporary pragmatisms. Using the Brandom-Putnam debate as my starting point, I examine the relationship between the (...)
     
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  23.  10
    Why Conceptual Schemes?: XIV.Maria Baghramian - 1998 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 98 (3):287-306.
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  24.  9
    Introduction.Maria Baghramian - 2013 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 21 (2):143-144.
  25.  17
    Introduction.Maria Baghramian - 2012 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 20 (2):163-164.
    International Journal of Philosophical Studies, Volume 20, Issue 2, Page 163-164, May 2012.
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  26. Hilary and Me: Tracking Down Putnam on the Realism Issue.Maria Baghramian & Michael Devitt - unknown
    The paper I gave at the Dublin conference celebrating Hilary Putnam’s 80th birthday was “Resurrecting Biological Essentialism” (2008). This was suitable for a celebratory event because it defended Putnam’s position on biological essentialism (1975) from the consensus in the philosophy of biology. This consensus has led to some severe criticisms of Putnam. Michael Ruse, for example, places Putnam, along with Saul Kripke and David Wiggins, “somewhere to the right of Aristotle” on essentialism and talks of them showing “an almost proud (...)
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  27.  42
    Donald Davidson: Life and Words.Maria Baghramian (ed.) - 2012 - Routledge.
    Donald Davidson was one of the most prominent philosophers of the second half of the twentieth century. His thinking about language, mind, and epistemology has shaped the views of several generations of philosophers. This book brings together articles by a host of prominent philosophers to provide new interpretations of Davidson’s key ideas about meaning, language and thought. The book opens with short commemorative pieces by a wide range of people who knew Davidson well, giving us glimpses into the life of (...)
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  28. Modern Philosophy of Language.Maria Baghramian - 1998
     
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  29.  23
    Vulnerability and Trust: An Introduction.Maria Baghramian, Danielle Petherbridge & Rowland Stout - 2020 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 28 (5):575-582.
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  30.  49
    Comments on Annalisa Coliva, Extended Rationality: A Hinge Epistemology.Maria Baghramian - 2017 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 7 (4):272-280.
    _ Source: _Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 272 - 280 In _Extended Rationality: A Hinge Epistemology_, Annalisa Coliva aims to by-pass traditional sceptical challenges to the possibility of knowledge by arguing that all thinking and knowing ultimately rely on hinge assumptions which are immune from doubt because of their foundational role in the very framework that makes knowledge and rational thought possible. In defending her position Coliva also rejects the relativist challenge that there could be incompatible but equally plausible systems (...)
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  31.  73
    The Paradoxes of Self-Deception: A Reply to R. T. Allen.Maria Baghramian - 1990 - Irish Philosophical Journal 7 (1/2):171-179.
  32. William Barrett, Death of the Soul: From Descartes to the Computer. [REVIEW]Maria Baghramian - 1988 - Philosophy in Review 8 (2):43-45.
     
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  33.  20
    On Empathy.Maria Baghramian - 2019 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 27 (2):131-135.
    Volume 27, Issue 2, May 2019, Page 131-135.
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  34.  65
    The Justification for Relevance Logic.Maria Baghramian - 1988 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 32:32-43.
  35.  63
    Rorty, Davidson and Truth.Maria Baghramian - 1990 - Ratio 3 (2):101-116.
  36. ' 'Quine, Kripke, Putnam: Meaning, Necessity and Intuitions'.Maria Baghramian & Andrew Jorgensen - 2013 - In Michael Beaney (ed.), Oxford Handbook of the History of Analytic Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 594-620.
     
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  37. ' 'Relativism and Religion'.Maria Baghramian - 2012 - In Fran O'Rourke (ed.), Human Destinies. Notre Dame University Press. pp. 290=311.
     
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  38. Relativism 'and the Norm of Truth'.Maria Baghramian & Richard Hamilton - 2011 - Trópoand; RIVISTA DI ERMENEUTICA E CRITICA FILOSOFICA (3):33-51.
     
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  39. Routledge Handbook of The Philosophy of Disagreement.Maria Baghramian, J. Adam Carter & Richard Rowland (eds.) - forthcoming - Routledge.
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  40. Routledge Handbook of Disagreement.Maria Baghramian, J. Adam Carter & Richard Rowland (eds.) - 2021 - Routledge.
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  41. Philosophy in the Twentieth Century: The Mingled Story of Three Revolutions.Sarin Marchetti & Maria Baghramian - 2017 - In Maria Baghramian & Sarin Marchetti (eds.), Pragmatism and the European Traditions: Encounters with Analytic Philosophy and Phenomenology Before the Great Divide. London and New York: Routledge.
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  42.  35
    Strategies of Self-Deception.Maria Baghramian - 1986 - Irish Philosophical Journal 3 (2):83-97.
  43.  27
    The Depths and Shallows of Philosophical Style.Maria Baghramian - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Research 39:311-323.
    This paper engages with a central question posed by R. G. Collingwood: “[does] philosophical literature [have] any peculiarities corresponding to those of the thought which it tries to express?” In attempts to identify and distinguish between various schools and traditions of philosophy the idea of style is often invoked. And yet this same idea remains ill-defined and nebulous. My paper draws on a number of scattered discussions of style in philosophy in order to find the beginnings of an answer to (...)
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  44.  25
    Editorial Introduction.Maria Baghramian - 2008 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (1):1-2.
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  45.  12
    Robert Papazian Prize Special Issue on Trust.Maria Baghramian - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 26 (2):135-138.
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  46.  19
    Against Relativism: A Philosophical Defence of Method.Maria Baghramian - 1994 - Philosophical Books 35 (3):185-187.
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  47.  19
    Varieties of Social Explanation: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Social Science.Maria Baghramian - 1992 - Philosophical Books 33 (1):59-61.
  48.  17
    Ethical Issues in the Psychotherapies. [REVIEW]Maria Baghramian - 1990 - Philosophical Books 31 (2):107-108.
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  49.  20
    Philosophy at Trinity College, Dublin.Maria Baghramian - 1988 - Cogito 2 (2):27-29.
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  50.  4
    Davidson and Indeterminacy of Meaning.Maria Baghramian - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 32:1-7.
    According to Quine's thesis of the indeterminacy of translation there are no facts of matter which could determine the choice between two or more incompatible translation schemes which are in accordance with all behavioral evidence. Donald Davidson agrees with Quine that an important degree of indeterminacy will remain after all the behavioral evidence is in, but he believes that this indeterminacy of meaning should not be seen as either mysterious or threatening. In this paper I argue that IM is not (...)
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