Results for 'Mariam Davtyan'

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  1.  5
    Peruvian Female Sex Workers’ Ethical Perspectives on Their Participation in an HPV Vaccine Clinical Trial.Brandon Brown, Mariam Davtyan & Celia B. Fisher - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior 25 (2):115-128.
    This study examined female sex workers’ evaluation of ethically relevant experiences of participating in an HPV4 vaccine clinical trial conducted in Lima, Peru. The Sunflower Study provided all participants with HPV testing, treatment for those testing positive, and access to the vaccine for all testing negative. Themes that emerged from content analysis of interviews with 16 former participants included the importance of respectful treatment and access to healthcare not otherwise available and concerns about privacy protections, the potential for HIV stigma, (...)
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  2.  8
    Son Preference in Bangladesh: An Emerging Barrier to Fertility Regulation.Ruhul Amin & A. G. Mariam - 1987 - Journal of Biosocial Science 19 (2):221-228.
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  3.  20
    Why We Believe.Thalos Mariam - 1999 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 30 (2):317-339.
    The radical probabilist counsels the prudent never to put away uncertainty, and hence always to balance judgment with probabilities of various sizes. Against this counsel I shall advise in favor of the practice of full belief — at least for some occasions. This advice rests on the fact that it is sometimes in a person's interests to accept certain propositions as a means of bringing it about that others recognize oneself as having accepted those propositions. With the pragmatists, therefore, I (...)
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  4.  5
    Կենսաբանության Դերը Աշակերտների Մտածողության Զարգացման Եվ Գիտական Աշխարհայացքի Ձեվավորման Գործընթացում.Hasmik Sargsyan, Tigran Tangamyan & Nelli Davtyan - 2014 - Wisdom 1 (2):48.
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  5.  7
    The Role of Bioethics in Armenia: An Overview.Karen Ghazaryan & Susanna Davtyan - 2015 - Asian Bioethics Review 7 (5):425-432.
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  6.  4
    Tolerance as a Constructive Mechanism of Dialogue in the Field of Healthcare.Tatevik Pirumyan & Susanna Davtyan - 2016 - Wisdom 2 (7):44.
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  7.  3
    Armenian Medieval Philosophy and Medical Science: Narek as a Remedy.Susanna Davtyan - 2015 - Wisdom 2 (5):61.
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  8.  2
    Faiza Ambah's Mariam and the Embodied Politics of Veiling in France.Kaya Davies Hayon - 2019 - Paragraph 42 (3):333-350.
    This article argues that Mariam uses its eponymous heroine's lived and embodied experiences of veiling to explore the impact of French secular legislation on Muslim schoolgirls' everyday lives in F...
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  9.  12
    Dossier : Des recherches participatives dans la production des savoirs liés à l’environnement – Mariam Sow et Patrick d’Aquino : agir pour changer.Mariam Sow, Patrick D’Aquino & François Bousquet - 2017 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 25 (4):403-411.
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  10.  48
    "Per aurem intrat Christus in Mariam". Aproximación iconográfica a la "conceptio per aurem" en la pintura italiana del Trecento desde fuentes patrísticas y teológicas.José María Salvador González - 2015 - 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones 20:193-230.
    La tesis mariológica de la conceptio per aurem, según la cual la Virgen María habría concebido a Jesucristo por el oído en el momento de escuchar del ángel el mensaje celestial anunciándole que, sin perder su virginidad, sería madre del Hijo de Dios encarnado, ha merecido hasta ahora muy pocos estudios académicos rigurosamente fundados en fuentes primarias. De hecho, en la literatura especializada son muy escasas las referencias a tal teoría y, cuando algún estudioso la evoca, casi siempre se contenta (...)
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  11.  5
    Glaire D. Anderson, Corisande Fenwick, Mariam Rosser-Owen , The Aghlabids and Their Neighbors: Art and Material Culture in Ninth-Century North Africa, Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 1, The Near and Middle East, Band 122. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2017, 688 Pp., ISBN 978-90-04-35604-7. [REVIEW]Antonia Bosanquet - 2019 - Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East 96 (1):207-210.
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  12.  59
    Without Hierarchy: The Scale Freedom of the Universe By Mariam Thalos.George Botterill - 2014 - Analysis 74 (3):556-558.
  13.  38
    Book Review: Mariam Fraser. Identity Without Selfhood: Bisexuality and Simone de Beauvoir. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. [REVIEW]Barbara S. Andrew - 2001 - Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy 16 (3):161-163.
  14.  12
    Abu'l-Fath Abd Al-Rahman Al-Khazini Mariam Mikhailovna Rozhanskaya.Boris Rosenfeld - 1994 - Isis 85 (4):686-688.
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  15.  5
    The Poisoned Chalice: Wine as a Vehicle of Death in Women Beware Women, the Tragedy of Mariam, and Hamlet.Kathleen McGlone - 2009 - Mediaevalia 30:105.
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  16.  4
    Revisiting Al-Andalus: Perspectives on the Material Culture of Islamic Spain and Beyond * Edited by Glaire D. Anderson and Mariam Rosser-Owen.L. P. Harvey - 2010 - Journal of Islamic Studies 21 (3):431-436.
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  17.  4
    Metalwork and Material Culture in the Islamic World: Art, Craft and Text. Essays Presented to James W. Allan Edited by Venetia Porter and Mariam Rosser-Owen.K. Overton - 2014 - Journal of Islamic Studies 25 (3):394-397.
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  18. MARIAM, LEWIS. Public Service and Special Training. [REVIEW]Carl J. Friedrich - 1937 - Journal of Social Philosophy and Jurisprudence 3:176.
     
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  19. The Body: A Reader by Mariam Fraser and Monica Greco.D. Gimlin - 2006 - Body and Society 12 (1):127.
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  20. Género, Emancipación y Diferencia(S): La Teoría Política de Iris Marion Young.Máriam Martínez-Bascuñán - 2012 - Plaza y Valdés Editores.
    Iris Marion Young fue una de las pensadoras feministas más importantes del último cuarto del siglo pasado. Su obra es reconocida internacionalmente como una de las aportaciones más creativas e influyentes de nuestra época. Con el objeto de celebrar su aporte único y su novedad y de mantener vivo su pensamiento, Máriam Martínez-Bascuñán desarrolla un riguroso análisis crítico de su obra desde las cuestiones de justicia social, democracia deliberativa y su relación con la teoría de la opresión, hasta el enfoque (...)
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  21.  7
    Correction To: Philosophy in the Age of Science.Mariam Thalos - 2019 - Metascience 28 (1):55-55.
    In “Philosophy in the age of science,” a review of J. Beale’s and I. J. Kidd’s edited volume, _Wittgenstein and scientism_, by Mariam Thalos, Chon Tejedor was mistakenly referred to as he, rather than she.
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  22.  19
    Predictive Testing for Huntington's Disease in Young Children: Part I.Mariam Ghosn - 2007 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 12 (3):1.
    Ghosn, Mariam Huntington's disease (HD) is an inherited disorder. Sufferers usually develop symptoms in midlife between the ages of 30 and 50 years. HD causes neurodegeneration resulting in the progressive development of physical, cognitive and emotional symptoms. The impact on sufferers worsens over time with the final stage of the disease resulting in the need for professional assistance in a long-term care facility. More rarely HD develops in children and young adults, with less than 5% of HD sufferers being (...)
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  23.  18
    Predictive Testing for Huntington's Disease in Adolescents: Part 2.Mariam Ghosn - 2007 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 12 (3):3.
    Ghosn, Mariam Predictive genetic testing Part 2 will examine the issues and ethical aspects that must be considered when adolescents below the age of majority make a request to undergo predictive genetic testing for Huntington's disease.
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  24.  11
    Aspartame: An Artificial Sweetener Under Review.Mariam Ghosn - 2006 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 11 (4):9.
    Ghosn, Mariam A seven-year $1 million dollar study conducted by Dr. M. Soffritti found that significant trend of increasing lymphoma and leukaemia incidence in female rats fed aspartame with a significant increase in the number of female rats affected at dosages of 20 mg/kg per day and upward, thus questioning aspartame's safety. However, the European Food Safety Authority's (EFSA's) Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC) argued that there was not enough (...)
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  25.  12
    The Obesity Crisis.Mariam Ghosn - 2006 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 12 (2):4.
    Ghosn, Mariam The causes of obesity are complex. Both our attitudes and lifestyles will need to change in order to successfully address this issue.
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  26.  10
    Stem Cell Technology Update.Mariam Ghosn & Ford - 2006 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 12 (1):10.
    Ghosn, Mariam; Ford, Norman The adult stem cells are capable of self-renewal and are responsible for replenishing cells throughout an individual's lifetime, residing not only at embryonic stage but also in children and adults. The latest advancements and updates in adult stem cell technology demonstrate that it might be possible to generate stem cells for therapeutic uses without the creation or destruction of human embryos.
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  27. A Social Theory of Freedom.Mariam Thalos - 2016 - Routledge.
    In _A Social Theory of Freedom_, Mariam Thalos argues that the theory of human freedom should be a broadly social and political theory, rather than a theory that places itself in opposition to the issue of determinism. Thalos rejects the premise that a theory of freedom is fundamentally a theory of the metaphysics of constraint and, instead, lays out a political conception of freedom that is closely aligned with questions of social identity, self-development in contexts of intimate relationships, and (...)
     
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  28. Against Conditionalization.F. Bacchus, Mariam Thalos & H. E. Kyburg - 1990 - Synthese 85 (3):475 - 506.
  29.  39
    Inventive Life: Approaches to the New Vitalism.Mariam Fraser, Sarah Kember & Celia Lury (eds.) - 2006 - Sage Publications.
    This book demonstrates how and why vitalism—the idea that life cannot be explained by the principles of mechanism—matters now. Vitalism resists closure and reductionism in the life sciences while simultaneously addressing the object of life itself. The aim of this collection is to consider the questions that vitalism makes it possible to ask: questions about the role and status of life across the sciences, social sciences, and humanities and questions about contingency, indeterminacy, relationality and change. All have special importance now, (...)
  30. Two Conceptions of Fundamentality.Mariam Thalos - 2011 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (2):151-177.
    This article aims to show that fundamentality is construed differently in the two most prominent strategies of analysis we find in physical science and engineering today: (1) atomistic, reductive analysis and (2) Systems analysis. Correspondingly, atomism is the conception according to which the simplest (smallest) indivisible entity of a certain kind is most fundamental; while systemism , as will be articulated here, is the conception according to which the bonds that structure wholes are most fundamental, and scale and/or constituting entities (...)
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  31. Conditional Probability Is the Very Guide of Life.Alan Hájek - 2003 - In Kyburg Jr, E. Henry & Mariam Thalos (eds.), Probability is the Very Guide of Life: The Philosophical Uses of Chance. Open Court. pp. 183--203.
    in Probability is the Very Guide of Life: The Philosophical Uses of Chance, eds. Henry Kyburg, Jr. and Mariam Thalos, Open Court. Abridged version in Proceedings of the International Society for Bayesian Analysis 2002.
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  32.  53
    Distributed Cognition and the Will: Individual Volition and Social Context.Don Ross, David Spurrett, Harold Kincaid & G. Lynn Stephens (eds.) - 2007 - Bradford.
    Recent scientific findings about human decision making would seem to threaten the traditional concept of the individual conscious will. The will is threatened from "below" by the discovery that our apparently spontaneous actions are actually controlled and initiated from below the level of our conscious awareness, and from "above" by the recognition that we adapt our actions according to social dynamics of which we are seldom aware. In Distributed Cognition and the Will, leading philosophers and behavioral scientists consider how much, (...)
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  33.  7
    Adverse Childhood Experiences Run Deep: Toxic Early Life Stress, Telomeres, and Mitochondrial DNA Copy Number, the Biological Markers of Cumulative Stress.Kathryn K. Ridout, Mariam Khan & Samuel J. Ridout - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (9):1800077.
  34.  73
    Explanation is a Genus: An Essay on the Varieties of Scientific Explanation.Mariam Thalos - 2002 - Synthese 130 (3):317-354.
    I shall endeavor to show that every physical theory since Newton explainswithout drawing attention to causes–that, in other words, physical theories as physical theories aspire to explain under an ideal quite distinctfrom that of causal explanation. If I am right, then even if sometimes theexplanations achieved by a physical theory are not in violation ofthe standard of causal explanation, this is purely an accident. For physicaltheories, as I will show, do not, as such, aim at accommodating the goals oraspirations of (...)
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  35.  30
    Protecting the Navajo People Through Tribal Regulation of Research.Doug Brugge & Mariam Missaghian - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (3):491-507.
    This essay explores the process and issues related to community collaborative research that involves Native Americans generally, and specifically examines the Navajo Nation’s efforts to regulate research within its jurisdiction. Researchers need to account for both the experience of Native Americans and their own preconceptions about Native Americans when conducting research about Native Americans. The Navajo Nation institutionalized an approach to protecting members of the nation when it took over Institutional Review Board (IRB) responsibilities from the US Indian Health Service (...)
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  36.  99
    Capitalization in the St. Petersburg Game Why Statistical Distributions Matter.Mariam Thalos & Oliver Richardson - 2014 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 13 (3):292-313.
    In spite of its infinite expectation value, the St. Petersburg game is not only a gamble without supply in the real world, but also one without demand at apparently very reasonable asking prices. We offer a rationalizing explanation of why the St. Petersburg bargain is unattractive on both sides (to both house and player) in the mid-range of prices (finite but upwards of about $4). Our analysis – featuring (1) the already-established fact that the average of finite ensembles of the (...)
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  37.  28
    Without Hierarchy: The Scale Freedom of the Universe.Mariam Thalos - 2013 - New York, USA: Oxford University Press.
    A venerable tradition in the metaphysics of science commends ontological reduction: the practice of analysis of theoretical entities into further and further proper parts, with the understanding that the original entity is nothing but the sum of these. This tradition implicitly subscribes to the principle that all the real action of the universe (also referred to as its "causation") happens at the smallest scales-at the scale of microphysics. A vast majority of metaphysicians and philosophers of science, covering a wide swath (...)
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  38.  24
    Who Are These People? Personality Traits and Judgments About Trade Secret Misappropriation in Post‐Employment Activities.Hélène Delerue & Mariam Hamid - 2015 - Business Ethics: A European Review 24 (3):315-331.
    Trade secret theft is a problem that almost all organizations face. The greatest threat is employee mobility and potential unethical post-employment behavior. This study investigates the role of individual personality traits in judgments about trade secret misappropriation. Our hypotheses were tested in three studies addressing three different situational contexts: current employees, employees about to be laid off, and students who had quit their job. Relationships were estimated with robust regression. The results show that some personality traits predict judgment about another (...)
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  39.  18
    Systematicity: The Nature of Science, by Paul Hoyningen-Huene.Mariam Thalos - 2015 - Mind 124 (493):351-357.
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  40. A Modest Proposal for Interpreting Structural Explanations.Mariam Thalos - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (2):279-295.
    Social sciences face a well-known problem, which is an instance of a general problem faced as well by psychological and biological sciences: the problem of establishing their legitimate existence alongside physics. This, as will become clear, is a problem in metaphysics. I will show how a new account of structural explanations, put forward by Frank Jackson and Philip Pettit, which is designed to solve this metaphysical problem with social sciences in mind, fails to treat the problem in any importantly new (...)
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  41.  43
    Solidarity: A Motivational Conception.Mariam Thalos - 2012 - Philosophical Papers 41 (1):57-95.
    Abstract This essay offers a motivational conception of solidarity that can be employed across the entire range of sciences and humanities, while also filling a gap in the motivational spectrum conceived by decision theorists and economists?and expanding the two-part division between altruistic and selfish motivations into a tripartite analysis that suggests a spectrum instead. According to the present proposal, solidarity is a condition of action-readiness on behalf of a group or its interests. The proposal will admit of measuring the extent (...)
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  42.  26
    Against Conditionalization.Fahiem Bacchus, Henry E. Kyburg Jr & Mariam Thalos - 1990 - Synthese 85 (3):475 - 506.
  43.  15
    The Nature of Prozac.Mariam Fraser - 2001 - History of the Human Sciences 14 (3):56-84.
    This article addresses the relations between ‘nature’ and ‘culture’ (and those characteristics associated with ‘the natural’ and ‘the cultural’) in the context of the debates about Prozac. Following Marilyn Strathern, I focus specifically on the contested issue of enablement - that is, on what Prozac does or does not enable, and on the relation between enablement and enhancement, normality and pathology. I argue that the implications of the model of the brain that accompanies explanations of Prozac are such that commentators (...)
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  44.  12
    Food Ethics: A Critique of Some Islamic Perspectives on Genetically Modified Food.Mariam al-Attar - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):53-75.
    This article critiques some Islamic approaches to food ethics and the debate over genetically modified food. Food ethics is a branch of bioethics, and is an emerging field in Islamic bioethics. The article critically analyzes the arguments of the authors who wrote in favor of genetically modified organisms from an Islamic perspective, and those who wrote against GMOs, also from an Islamic perspective. It reveals the theological and the epistemological foundations of the two main approaches. Moreover, it provides an attempt (...)
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  45.  60
    Degrees of Freedom: An Essay on Competitions Between Micro and Macro in Mechanics.Mariam Thalos - 1999 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 59 (1):1-39.
    This paper argues that the doctrines of determinism and supervenience, while logically independent, are importantly linked in physical mechanics-and quite interestingly so. For it is possible to formulate classical mechanics in such a way as to take advantage of the existence of mathematical devices that represent the advance of time-and which are such as to inspire confidence in the truth of determinism-in order to prevent violation of supervenience. It is also possible to formulate classical mechanics-and to do so in an (...)
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  46.  65
    Nonreductive Physics.Mariam Thalos - 2006 - Synthese 149 (1):133-178.
    This paper documents a wide range of nonreductive scientific treatments of phenomena in the domain of physics. These treatments strongly resist characterization as explanations of macrobehavior exclusively in terms of behavior of microconstituents. For they are treatments in which macroquantities are cast in the role of genuine and irreducible degrees of freedom. One is driven into reductionism when one is not cultivated to possess an array of distinctions rich enough to let things be what they are. In contrast, making the (...)
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  47.  75
    Systems.Mariam Thalos - 2009 - The Monist 92 (3):452-478.
    Dynamical-systems analysis is nowadays ubiquitous. From engineering (its point of origin and natural home) to physiology, and from psychology to ecology, it enjoys surprisingly wide application. Sometimes the analysis rings decisively false—as, for example, when adopted in certain treatments of historical narrative;1 other times it is provocativeandcontroversial,aswhenappliedtothephenomenaofmind and cognition.2 Dynamical systems analysis (or “Systems” with a capital “S,” as I shall sometimes refer to it) is simply a tool of analysis. It mobilizes the language and mathematical technology of differential equations,andbringsintoplaythedistinctiveconceptsofequilibriumand (...)
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  48.  91
    The Reduction of Causal Processes.Mariam Thalos - 2002 - Synthese 131 (1):99-128.
    The principle that causes always render their effects more likely is fundamental to the enterprise of reducing facts of causation to facts about (objective) chances. This reductionist enterprise faces famous difficulties in accommodating common-sense intuitions about causal processes, if it insists on cashing out causal processes in terms of streams of events in which every event that belongs to the stream is a cause of the adjoining event downstream of it. I shall propose modifications to this way of cashing out (...)
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  49.  15
    In Favor of Being Only Humean.Mariam Thalos - 1999 - Philosophical Studies 93 (3):265-298.
    The twin conceptions of (1) natural law as causal structure and (2) explanation as passage from phenomenon to cause, are two sides of a certain philosophical coin, to which I shall offer an alternative – Humean – currency. The Humean alternative yokes together a version of the regularity conception of law and a conception of explanation as passage from one regularity, to another which has it as an instance but of which it is not itself an instance. I will show (...)
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  50.  14
    On Planning: Toward a Natural History of Goal Attainment.Mariam Thalos - 2008 - Philosophical Papers 37 (2):289-317.
    The goal of the essay is to articulate some beginnings for an empirical approach to the study of agency, in the firm conviction that agency is subject to scientific scrutiny, and is not to be abandoned to high-brow aprioristic philosophy. Drawing on insights from decision analysis, game theory, general dynamics, physics and engineering, this essay will examine the diversity of planning phenomena, and in that way take some steps towards assembling rudiments for the budding science, in the process innovating (parts (...)
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