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Marián Zouhar
Comenius University
  1.  42
    Conversations about Taste, Contextualism, and Non-Doxastic Attitudes.Marián Zouhar - 2018 - Tandf: Philosophical Papers 47 (3):429-460.
    It is sometimes argued that contextualism cannot explain (dis)agreements concerning matters of personal taste because it treats sentences involving predicates of taste as indexical. I aim to weaken this charge. Given the idea that people sometimes use indexical sentences to express (dis)agreements about taste, two kinds of (dis)agreement are distinguished, namely doxastic and non-doxastic. Taste (dis)agreements are better explained in terms of the later kind, in which case they become amenable to contextualist treatment. It is argued that if something instantiates (...)
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  2.  50
    Absolutism About Taste and Faultless Disagreement.Marián Zouhar - 2020 - Acta Analytica 35 (2):273-288.
    It is usually claimed that taste utterances have judge-dependent semantic content. Jeremy Wyatt recently proposed a semantic theory that rejects this claim. According to him, the semantic content of taste sentences is judge-independent, but the content of our assertions made by uttering taste sentences is judge-dependent. He showed that this account explains faultless disagreements about tastes. My paper aims to raise some challenges to his proposal. First, a judge-independent taste proposition semantically expressed by a taste sentence seems unrelated to a (...)
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  3.  93
    On the Insufficiency of Taste Expressivism.Marián Zouhar - 2019 - Filozofia Nauki 27 (3):5-27.
    It is possible to construct situations (with a suitable kind of setting) in which one speaker utters ‘This is tasty’ and another speaker responds with ‘That’s not true’. The aim of this paper is to motivate the idea that typical (broadly) expressivist accounts of taste disagreements are not in a position to explain such situations (although some of them can successfully explain disagreements in which another kind of dissent phrase—like ‘Nuh-uh’—is employed). This is because utterances of ‘That’s not true’ are (...)
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  4. Podoby referencie.Marián Zouhar - 2005 - Filosoficky Casopis 53:320-322.
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  5.  46
    On the Notion of Rigidity for General Terms.Marián Zouhar - 2009 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 78 (1):207-229.
    Th e present paper examines three kinds of theories concerning the rigidity of general terms—extensionalist, essentialist and intensionalist theories. It is argued that both essentialist and intensionalist theories cannot deal successfully with a number of problems and that the notions of rigidity they propose for general terms lack suffi cient explanatory power. A version of the extensionalist theory, supplemented with a hierarchy of intensions, is defended. Th e theory has surprising consequences, e.g., that ‘tiger’ and some other natural kind terms (...)
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  6.  17
    Kvantifikácia v prirodzenom jazyku.Marián Zouhar - 2007 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 14 (4):525-541.
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  7.  10
    On a Broader Notion of Rigidity.Marián Zouhar - 2012 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 1 (26):11-21.
    According to S. Kripke, an expression is rigid provided it refers to the same object in all possible worlds in which the object exists. On the other hand, H. Putnam claims that an expression is rigid provided it refers to the same object in all possible worlds in which it refers to anything at all. The paper shows that the two notions of rigidity are not equivalent because Putnam's rigidity is much broader than Kripke's; unlike Putnam's rigidity, Kripke's is interwoven (...)
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  8.  2
    Pojem argumentácie a jeho definícia.Marián Zouhar - 2020 - Filozofia 75 (8):615-627.
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  9. Frege on Fiction.Marián Zouhar - 2010 - In Pokorny Kotatko (ed.), Fictionality-Possibility-Reality. pp. 103--119.
  10.  33
    On the Systematic Inadequacy of Fictionalism about Fictional Characters.Marián Zouhar - 2019 - Philosophia 47 (3):925-942.
    Critical statements, if true, bear ontological commitments to fictional entities. A well-known version of fictionalism about fictional characters tries to eliminate these ontological commitments by proposing that we understand critical statements as prefixed by a special sentential operator, such as ‘according to a fictional realist theory’. The aim of the present paper is to show that fictionalism about fictional characters is underdeveloped as it stands because it can be shown to be systematically inadequate. Because the fictionalist’s paraphrases of critical statements (...)
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  11.  70
    Definite Descriptions, Reference, and Inference.Marián Zouhar - 2007 - Theoria 73 (1):28-45.
    The paper presents an argument against referential treatment of definite descriptions' semantics. Referentialism with respect to semantics of definite descriptions claims that when descriptions are used referentially, then they are semantically referring expressions. It is argued that this picture does not lead to a satisfactory representation of propositions expressed by utterances involving definite descriptions. For if propositions are what primarily enters the relation of entailment, then referentialism is commited to the view that (i) some inferences usually taken as valid are (...)
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  12. Externalistická výzva P. Koťátkovi.Marián Zouhar - 2007 - Filosoficky Casopis 55:247-259.
    [The externalist challenge to P. Koťátko].
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  13. Kvantifikácia v prirodzenom jazyku.Marián Zouhar - 2007 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 14 (2):242-263.
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  14.  22
    Kvantifikácia v prirodzenom jazyku (I).Marián Zouhar - 2006 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 13 (4):101-122.
  15.  63
    Judge-Specific Sentences about Personal Taste, Indexical Contextualism, and Disagreement.Marián Zouhar - 2022 - Filozofia Nauki 30 (4):15-39.
    The paper aims to weaken a widespread argument against indexical contextualism regarding matters of personal taste. According to indexical contextualism, an utterance of “T is tasty” (where T is an object of taste) expresses the proposition that T is tasty for J (where J is a judge). This argument suggests that indexical contextualism cannot do justice to our disagreement intuitions regarding typical disputes about personal taste because it has to treat conversations in which one speaker utters “T is tasty” and (...)
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  16.  28
    Are There Directly Referring Non-Rigid Designators?Marián Zouhar - 2011 - Prolegomena 10 (1):87-100.
    The paper is aimed to show that directly referring terms have to be rigid designators. Since directly referring expressions refer to something on the basis of semantic conventions alone and since the conventions are independent of possible worlds, there cannot be a directly referring expression with shifting reference across possible worlds. Although this claim seems to be indubitable and widely recognized, it was questioned recently. Drawing on D. Lewis’ ontology of counterparts, G. Martí has shown that a directly referring expression (...)
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  17. The Structure of Frege's Thoughts.Marian Zouhar - 2011 - History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (3):199-209.
    Fregean thoughts (i.e. the senses of assertoric sentences) are structured entities because they are composed of simpler senses that are somehow ordered and interconnected. The constituent senses form a unity because some of them are ?saturated? and some ?unsaturated?. This paper shows that Frege's explanation of the structure of thoughts, which is based on the ?saturated/unsaturated? distinction, is by no means sufficient because it permits what I call ?wild analyses?, which have certain unwelcome consequences. Wild analyses are made possible because (...)
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  18. Linguistic Knowledge, Semantics, and Ideal Speakers.Marián Zouhar - 2010 - Epistemologia 33 (1):41-64.
  19.  11
    Kvantifikácia v prirodzenom jazyku (V).Marián Zouhar - 2007 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 14 (4):98-117.
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  20. Klasifikácia definícií.Marián Zouhar - 2014 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 36 (3):337-357.
    Cieľom state je navrhnúť systematickú a vyčerpávajúcu klasifikáciu definícií. Táto klasifikácia vychádza z typológie, ktorú vypracoval Richard Robinson vo svojej knihe o definíciách, no v rôznych aspektoch ju ďalej dopracováva. Nová klasifikácia je založená na dvoch kritériách, a to kritériu predmetnosti a kritériu ilokučnej sily. Podľa kritéria predmetnosti možno definovať výrazy, pojmy, resp. objekty ; podľa kritéria ilokučnej sily možno zase rozlíšiť definície, ktoré opisujú existujúci systém, a definície, ktoré transformujú daný systém na nový systém. Napokon sa podľa týchto dvoch (...)
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  21.  9
    Kvantifikácia v prirodzenom jazyku (III).Marián Zouhar - 2006 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 13 (4):379-394.
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  22.  24
    Kvantifikácia v prirodzenom jazyku (II).Marián Zouhar - 2006 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 13 (4):232-251.
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  23.  36
    In Search of Faultless Disagreement.Marián Zouhar - unknown
    It is sometimes claimed that there are disagreements about matters of personal taste that are faultless; in such a case, the disputing speakers believe incompatible propositions about taste while both of them are correct in what they believe. The aim of the paper is to show that it is rather difficult to find such a notion of disagreement that would permit faultlessness in the required sense. In particular, three possible notions of disagreement are discussed; neither of them is found to (...)
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  24. On Definitions and Defining.Lukas Bielik, Frantisek Gaher & Marian Zouhar - 2010 - Filozofia 65 (8):719-737.
    The paper deals with some logical, semantic and methodological aspects of defining and definitions. First of all, basic features of the background semantic theory are specified. Next, three different kinds of definitions are distinguished: codifying definitions, objectual analytic definitions and meaning analytic definitions. It is shown that the relationships between the definiendum and the definiens in a given definition differ with respect to these different kinds of definition. Furthermore, it is argued that definitions and defining are intrinsically connected with so (...)
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  25.  13
    O definíciách a definovaní.Lukáš Bielik, František Gahér & Marián Zouhar - 2010 - Filozofia 65 (8).
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  26. Vlastné mená, ich sémantika a filozofické problémy.Pavel Cmorej, Dezider Kamhal & Marián Zouhar - 2005 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 12 (1):80-94.
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  27. Vlastné mená, ich sémantika a filozofické problémy.Pavel Cmorej & Marián Zouhar - 2006 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 13 (1):55-66.
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  28. Jubileum prof. Pavla Maternu.Marie Duží, Pavel Cmorej & Marián Zouhar - 2010 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 17 (3):434-436.
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  29. Contra Bealer's reductio of Direct Reference Theory.Bjorn Jespersen & Marian Zouhar - 2011 - Logique Et Analyse 54 (216):487-502.
  30. Proper Proper Names.Bjørn Jespersen & Marián Zouhar - 1999 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 6 (2):4-153.
     
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  31. Ilozofia.Z. Obsahu, Marián Zouhar, JIŔÍ BYSTRICKÝ, Zuzana Palovičová, Vasil Gluchman & Blanka Šulavíková - 2003 - Filozofia 58 (6-10):361.
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  32.  21
    An Argument for the Obstinate Rigidity of Proper Names.Marián Zouhar - 2019 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 96 (4):497-517.
    A recent argument suggests that proper names are persistently rigid designators. Invoking the Kaplanian distinction between a world of the context of utterance and a world of the circumstance of evaluation, the argument maintains that names have to designate something only in the former, but not in the latter, implying thus that the designated objects must exist only in the former world. This paper shows that names designate something in both kinds of world and are thus obstinately rigid. This is (...)
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  33.  17
    Dva druhy neartikulovaných zložiek.Marián Zouhar - 2012 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 19:291-307.
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  34. Epistemic Contextualism and Its Motivation.Marian Zouhar - 2013 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 20:171-186.
     
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  35.  18
    Epistemický kontextualizmus a jeho motivácia.Marián Zouhar - 2013 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 20 (2):171-186.
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  36. From Language Users to Semantics.Marian Zouhar - 2009 - Filozofia 64 (4):297-311.
    The paper shows that certain well established arguments widely used in the philosophy of language to discredit some semantic theories are, in fact, defective . In particular, the direct reference theory is usually rejected, because it is impossible to substitute co-referential proper names for each other in epistemic contexts and true identity sentences of the form “a = b”, where a and b are proper names, have to be both necessary and a posteriori. Both arguments are based on what a (...)
     
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  37.  15
    Frege o význame.Marián Zouhar - 1997 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 4 (1):15-38.
    Though Fregeś second semantical theory is worked out excellently, he did not precisely and explicitly answer the question, which of the two semantical notions he used in his semantics - sense and reference -, could be taken as proper explication of an intuitive notion of meaning. Intuitively, meaning of a word can be connected with an understanding of the word: if we understand the word, we know its meaning. Our problem seems to be accute in connection with present tendency to (...)
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  38. Indexical Expressions and Context-Sensitivity.Marian Zouhar - 2013 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 20:206-222.
  39.  16
    Identifikácia jednotlivín, referencia a vlastné mená.Marián Zouhar - 1999 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 6 (4):338-357.
    The paper mainly deals with the problem of reference of proper names. Unlike definite descriptions, proper names in themselves possess no exact necessary and sufficient conditions for making successful performance of reference. This is the consequence of the fact that proper names just name their bearers and do not describe them. It is argued that Frege’s theory violates this fact, and therefore can be taken only as a view about the meaning of proper names, not as a theory of reference. (...)
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  40. Indexicalism, semantic minimalism and truth-conditional content.Marian Zouhar - 2012 - Filozofia 67 (9).
     
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  41.  31
    Indexické výrazy a kontextová citlivosť.Marián Zouhar - 2013 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 20 (1):206-222.
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  42.  3
    Je možné brániť kontextualizmus? Odpoveď Lukášovi Likavčanovi.Marián Zouhar - 2013 - Pro-Fil 14 (1):30.
    V tomto príspevku sa obhajujú niektoré argumenty proti kontextualizmu, ktoré sa pokúsil spochybniť Lukáš Likavčan v článku (Likavčan, 2012). Ukazuje sa, že (i) kontextualizmus neposkytuje v niektorých prípadoch správne predikcie vyjadreného obsahu; (ii) kontextovú citlivosť postuluje aj tam, kde to nie je potrebné; a (iii) buď predpokladá pravdivosť verzie konkurenčného sémantického minimalizmu, alebo je jeho obhajoba kruhová.
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  43.  22
    James O. Young, ed., Semantics of Aesthetic Judgements.Marián Zouhar - 2019 - Estetika: The European Journal of Aesthetics 56 (1):147-156.
    A review of James O. Young’s Semantics of Aesthetic Judgements.
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  44. Kontext a sémantika predikátov.Marián Zouhar - 2011 - Filosoficky Casopis 59:187-205.
    [The context and semantics of predicates].
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  45. Kvantifikácia v prirodzenom jazyku.Marián Zouhar - 2007 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 14 (3):379-398.
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  46.  10
    Kvantifikácia v prirodzenom jazyku (XI).Marián Zouhar - 2008 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 15 (4):383-398.
  47.  11
    Kvantifikácia v prirodzenom jazyku (VII).Marián Zouhar - 2007 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 14 (4):379-398.
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  48.  8
    Kvantifikácia v prirodzenom jazyku (IV).Marián Zouhar - 2006 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 13 (4):539-553.
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  49. Na obranu kauzálnej teórie referencie vlastných mien.Marián Zouhar - 2006 - Filosoficky Casopis 54:70-84.
    [In defence of the causal theory of proper names].
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  50.  1
    Neartikulovanié zložky siémantického obsahu a syntaktická elipsa.Marian Zouhar - 2011 - Filozofia 66 (8).
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1 — 50 / 113