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  1. The Ethics of Algorithms: Mapping the Debate.Brent Mittelstadt, Patrick Allo, Mariarosaria Taddeo, Sandra Wachter & Luciano Floridi - 2016 - Big Data and Society 3 (2).
    In information societies, operations, decisions and choices previously left to humans are increasingly delegated to algorithms, which may advise, if not decide, about how data should be interpreted and what actions should be taken as a result. More and more often, algorithms mediate social processes, business transactions, governmental decisions, and how we perceive, understand, and interact among ourselves and with the environment. Gaps between the design and operation of algorithms and our understanding of their ethical implications can have severe consequences (...)
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  2.  60
    Modelling Trust in Artificial Agents, A First Step Toward the Analysis of E-Trust.Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2010 - Minds and Machines 20 (2):243-257.
    This paper provides a new analysis of e - trust , trust occurring in digital contexts, among the artificial agents of a distributed artificial system. The analysis endorses a non-psychological approach and rests on a Kantian regulative ideal of a rational agent, able to choose the best option for itself, given a specific scenario and a goal to achieve. The paper first introduces e-trust describing its relevance for the contemporary society and then presents a new theoretical analysis of this phenomenon. (...)
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  3.  87
    Information Warfare: A Philosophical Perspective. [REVIEW]Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2012 - Philosophy and Technology 25 (1):105-120.
    This paper focuses on Information Warfare—the warfare characterised by the use of information and communication technologies. This is a fast growing phenomenon, which poses a number of issues ranging from the military use of such technologies to its political and ethical implications. The paper presents a conceptual analysis of this phenomenon with the goal of investigating its nature. Such an analysis is deemed to be necessary in order to lay the groundwork for future investigations into this topic, addressing the ethical (...)
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  4. Defining Trust and E-Trust: Old Theories and New Problems.Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2009 - International Journal of Technology and Human Interaction (IJTHI) Official Publication of the Information Resources Management Association 5 (2):23-35.
    The paper provides a selective analysis of the main theories of trust and e-trust (that is, trust in digital environments) provided in the last twenty years, with the goal of preparing the ground for a new philosophical approach to solve the problems facing them. It is divided into two parts. The first part is functional toward the analysis of e-trust: it focuses on trust and its definition and foundation and describes the general background on which the analysis of e-trust rests. (...)
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  5.  4
    Cyber Conflicts and Political Power in Information Societies.Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (2):265-268.
  6.  31
    Cyber Security and Individual Rights, Striking the Right Balance.Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2013 - Philosophy and Technology 26 (4):353-356.
    In this article, I offer an outline of the papers comprising the special issue. I also provide a brief overview of its topic, namely, the friction between cyber security measures and individual rights. I consider such a friction to be a new and exacerbated version of what Mill called ‘the struggle between liberties and authorities,’ and I claim that the struggle arises because of the involvement of public authorities in the management of the cyber sphere, for technological and state power (...)
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  7. Deterrence by Norms to Stop Interstate Cyber Attacks.Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (3):387-392.
  8.  4
    On the Risks of Relying on Analogies to Understand Cyber Conflicts.Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2016 - Minds and Machines 26 (4):317-321.
  9.  77
    Solving the Symbol Grounding Problem: A Critical Review of Fifteen Years of Research.Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - unknown
    This article reviews eight proposed strategies for solving the Symbol Grounding Problem (SGP), which was given its classic formulation in Harnad (1990). After a concise introduction, we provide an analysis of the requirement that must be satisfied by any hypothesis seeking to solve the SGP, the zero semantical commitment condition. We then use it to assess the eight strategies, which are organised into three main approaches: representationalism, semi-representationalism and non-representationalism. The conclusion is that all the strategies are semantically committed and (...)
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  10.  31
    Just Information Warfare.Mariarosaria Taddeo - forthcoming - Topoi:1-12.
    In this article I propose an ethical analysis of information warfare, the warfare waged in the cyber domain. The goal is twofold: filling the theoretical vacuum surrounding this phenomenon and providing the conceptual grounding for the definition of new ethical regulations for information warfare. I argue that Just War Theory is a necessary but not sufficient instrument for considering the ethical implications of information warfare and that a suitable ethical analysis of this kind of warfare is developed when Just War (...)
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  11.  52
    Turing's Imitation Game: Still an Impossible Challenge for All Machines and Some Judges––an Evaluation of the 2008 Loebner Contest. [REVIEW]Luciano Floridi & Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2009 - Minds and Machines 19 (1):145-150.
    An evaluation of the 2008 Loebner contest.
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  12.  9
    What is Data Ethics?Luciano Floridi & Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2016 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 374 (2083).
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  13.  16
    Trust in Technology: A Distinctive and a Problematic Relation. [REVIEW]Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology and Policy 23 (3-4):283-286.
    The use of tools and artefacts is a distinctive and problematic phenomenon in the history of humanity, and as such it has been a topic of discussion since the beginning of Western culture, from the myths of the Ancient Greek through Humanism and Romanticism to Heidegger. Several questionable aspects have been brought to the fore: the relation between technology and arts, the effects of the use of technology both on the world and on the user and the nature of the (...)
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  14.  14
    The Case for E-Trust.Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2011 - Ethics and Information Technology 13 (1):1-3.
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  15.  38
    The Case of Online Trust.Matteo Turilli, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Antonino Vaccaro - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (3-4):333-345.
    This paper contributes to the debate on online trust addressing the problem of whether an online environment satisfies the necessary conditions for the emergence of trust. The paper defends the thesis that online environments can foster trust, and it does so in three steps. Firstly, the arguments proposed by the detractors of online trust are presented and analysed. Secondly, it is argued that trust can emerge in uncertain and risky environments and that it is possible to trust online identities when (...)
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  16.  47
    Internet Neutrality: Ethical Issues in the Internet Environment.Matteo Turilli, Antonino Vaccaro & Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2012 - Philosophy and Technology 25 (2):133-151.
    This paper investigates the ethical issues surrounding the concept of Internet neutrality focusing specifically on the correlation between neutrality and fairness. Moving from an analysis of the many available definitions of Internet neutrality and the heterogeneity of the Internet infrastructure, the common assumption that a neutral Internet is also a fair Internet is challenged. It is argued that a properly neutral Internet supports undesirable situations in which few users can exhaust the majority of the available resources or in which specific (...)
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  17.  12
    The Struggle Between Liberties and Authorities in the Information Age.Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (5):1125-1138.
    The “struggle between liberties and authorities”, as described by Mill, refers to the tension between individual rights and the rules restricting them that are imposed by public authorities exerting their power over civil society. In this paper I argue that contemporary information societies are experiencing a new form of such a struggle, which now involves liberties and authorities in the cyber-sphere and, more specifically, refers to the tension between cyber-security measures and individual liberties. Ethicists, political philosophers and political scientists have (...)
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  18.  29
    The Debate on the Moral Responsibilities of Online Service Providers.Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (6):1575-1603.
    Online service providers —such as AOL, Facebook, Google, Microsoft, and Twitter—significantly shape the informational environment and influence users’ experiences and interactions within it. There is a general agreement on the centrality of OSPs in information societies, but little consensus about what principles should shape their moral responsibilities and practices. In this article, we analyse the main contributions to the debate on the moral responsibilities of OSPs. By endorsing the method of the levels of abstract, we first analyse the moral responsibilities (...)
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  19.  71
    A Praxical Solution of the Symbol Grounding Problem.Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2007 - Minds and Machines 17 (4):369-389.
    This article is the second step in our research into the Symbol Grounding Problem (SGP). In a previous work, we defined the main condition that must be satisfied by any strategy in order to provide a valid solution to the SGP, namely the zero semantic commitment condition (Z condition). We then showed that all the main strategies proposed so far fail to satisfy the Z condition, although they provide several important lessons to be followed by any new proposal. Here, we (...)
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  20.  5
    The Case of Online Trust.Matteo Turilli, Antonino Vaccaro & Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology and Policy 23 (3-4):333-345.
    This paper contributes to the debate on online trust addressing the problem of whether an online environment satisfies the necessary conditions for the emergence of trust. The paper defends the thesis that online environments can foster trust, and it does so in three steps. Firstly, the arguments proposed by the detractors of online trust are presented and analysed. Secondly, it is argued that trust can emerge in uncertain and risky environments and that it is possible to trust online identities when (...)
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  21.  19
    Turing’s Imitation Game: Still an Impossible Challenge for All Machines and Some Judges.Luciano Floridi, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Matteo Turilli - 2009 - Minds and Machines 19 (1):145-150.
    An Evaluation of the 2008 Loebner Contest.
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  22.  49
    An Information-Based Solution for the Puzzle of Testimony and Trust.Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2010 - Social Epistemology 24 (4):285-299.
    In this paper, I offer a contribution to the debate on testimony that rests on three elements: the definition of semantic information, the analysis of trust as a second?order property of first?order relations, and Floridi?s Network Theory of Account (NTA). I argue that testimony transmits semantic information and it is neither grounded on trust nor justified by it. Instead, I show that testimony is an occurrence of a first?order relation of communication affected by the second?order property of trust. I then (...)
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  23. An Analysis For A Just Cyber Warfare.Mariarosaria Taddeo - forthcoming - In Warfare. Fourth International Conference of Cyber Conflict. NATO CCD COE and IEEE Publication.
     
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  24. The Role of E-Trust in Distributed Artificial Systems.Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2011 - In Charles Ess & May Thorseth (eds.), Trust and Virtual Worlds. Peter Lang.
  25.  1
    Trusting Digital Technologies Correctly.Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (4):565-568.
  26.  4
    Philosophy and Computing in Information Societies.Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2016 - Minds and Machines 26 (3):203-204.
  27.  1
    Data Philanthropy and Individual Rights.Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (1):1-5.
  28.  2
    Information Societies, Ethical Enquiries.Mariarosaria Taddeo & Elizabeth Buchanan - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (1):5-10.
    The special issue collects a selection of papers presented during the Computer Ethics: Philosophical Enquiries 2013 conference. This is a series of conferences organized by the International Association for Ethics and Information Technology , a professional organization formed in 2001 and which gathers experts in information and computer ethics prompting interdisciplinary research and discussions on ethical problems related to design and deployment of information and communication technologies . During the past two decades, CEPE conferences have been a focal point for (...)
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  29. Law, Governance and Technology Series, Vol. 31, Mariarosaria Taddeo and Luciano Floridi (Eds): The Responsibilities of Online Service Providers, Springer, 2016.Luciano Floridi & Mariarosaria Taddeo (eds.) - 2016 - Springer.
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  30. Solving Cyber Conflicts.Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2017 - The Philosophers' Magazine 79:79-82.
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  31. The Ethics of Cyber Conflicts: An Introduction.Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2016 - Routledge.
    During the past decade, ethicists as well as policy-makers, political and social scientists, and experts in military studies have been concerned with the topic of cyber-conflicts and in particular the political and social ramifications for contemporary society. This book offers a clear and accessible introduction to the ethical analysis of cyber-conflicts, covering such topics as cyber-crime, cyber-terrorism, and cyber-warfare and cyber-activism. A useful introduction for students The Ethics of Cyber-Conflicts allows the readers to acquire simultaneously a comprehensive view of cyber (...)
     
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  32. The Limits of Deterrence Theory in Cyberspace.Mariarosaria Taddeo - forthcoming - Philosophy and Technology:1-17.
    In this article, I analyse deterrence theory and argue that its applicability to cyberspace is limited and that these limits are not trivial. They are the consequence of fundamental differences between deterrence theory and the nature of cyber conflicts and cyberspace. The goals of this analysis are to identify the limits of deterrence theory in cyberspace, clear the ground of inadequate approaches to cyber deterrence, and define the conceptual space for a domain-specific theory of cyber deterrence, still to be developed.
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  33. Warfare. Fourth International Conference of Cyber Conflict.Mariarosaria Taddeo - forthcoming - NATO CCD COE and IEEE Publication.
     
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